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Novel Method for Squaring and Cubing of Any Number

Vitthal B. Jadhav

Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Email : jadhavvitthal1989@gmail.com

Abstract : This article presents recursion based novel method for squaring and

cubing of any number.

.

1 2

1 2 1

1 2 3

1 2

1 2 1

Let N be k + 1 digit decimal number and x =10 , Then

N

( .... )

* * * ....... *

* * * .......

(

k

k k k

k n n n n k n k

k k k

n n n

n

n n n k n k

a a a a a

a x a x a x a x a

a x a x a x

+

+

=

= + + + + +

+ + + + =

1

* )

n k n k

a x a

+

+

1

0 1

1 1 2 1 0

N N

N N N

(1)

Also

( )

= ( ) , = ( ) , ..., ( .... )

k k n

n

n n n n n n

x a

a a a a a a a a

= +

=

1

2

1 1

2

1 1 0 0

2 2

2 2 2

2 2 2

N N

N N N

N N N

(By substituting k = n in equation (2) )

Expan

( ) ( )

( ) ( ) * 2 *( * ) ( ) (2)

( ) ( ) * 2 *( * ) ( )

k k n k

k k k n k n k

n n n

x a

x x a a

x x a a

= +

= + +

= + +

1

2

2

2

1 0 0

2 2

2 1 1 1 0 0

4

2

2

2

2 2

2 2

N

N

N

ding above equation recursively using relation (2) , we get

N N

N N

)

)

)

( ) ( * 2 *( * )

( * + 2 *( * ) * 2 *( * )

= ( *

( )

n

n

n

n n

n n

x x a a

x x a a x x a a

x

= + +

= + + +

3

2 2

2 1 1 0 1 0

6 4 2

3 2 2 1 1 0

4 2

2 1 0

2

2 2

2 2 2

N

N N

N N N )

+ 2 * * * * *

( * + 2 * * * * * *

* *

( ) ( )

= ( )

( )

.

n

n n

n n n

x a x a a x a

x x a x a x a

a x a x a

+ + +

+ +

+ + +

0

2 2 2 2

0 1 2 1 1 0

2 2 4 2

1 2 1 0

2 2

0 1

2

2 2 2 2

N N N N

N

) ( * + 2 * * * +..... * * *

* .... * *

2 * * * +.....

.

= ( )

( )

= (

n n

n n n

n

n

n

n

x x a x a x a

a x a x a x a

x a x

+ +

+ + + + +

2

2 1 1 0

2 2 2 4 2

1 2 1 0

0

2 2 2 2

N N

N

* * *

* * .... * *

)

( )

( )

n n

n n

n n

n

a x a

a x a x a x a x a

a

+ +

+ + + + + +

=

Formulation

2 | Online International Journal of Vedic Mathematics (OIJVM)

TWO STEP METHOD

Examples

1) (1234)

2

= ?

Step 1) (1*2) (12*3) (123*4)

= (02) (0 36 ) (4 92)

0 Carry = 4

= 2 40 92 (Ripple carry addition by taking two digit as sum)

Step 2) Second number = 01 04 09 16

1

2

2

2

3

2

4

2

(1234)

2

= (First number ) + (Second number )

= 481840 + 01040916 = 01522756

1 2 1 2 2 2 1 3 1

2 1 2 2 2 3 2 2 1 2 0

1 2 1 0

*

2

2 2 2 2 2 2

20

+

( .... ) ( * ) ( * ) ..... ... *

( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ..... ( ) ( )

( ) ( )

( )

n n n n

n n n n n n

n

n n n

n

n n

a a a a a a a r a a a r r a a a a a

a r a r a r a r r a r a

=

1

3

1 1 1

3 3

3 2

Similarly,

N N

N N N

( ) ( *

( ) * 3*( * )*( ( * ) ( )

)

)*

k k n k

k k n k k n k n k

x a

x x a x a a

= +

+ + + =

3

1 1

3 3 3

0 1 1 2 1 1 1 0

3 3 3 6 3

1 2 1 0

3 3 3

3

3 3 3 3 3

N N N N

N N N N N N N

( ) ( ) * 3*x* * * ( )

( ) 3 * * * * +..... * * * * *

* * .... * *

( )

( )

( )

k k k k n k n k

n

n n n n n n

n n

n n

x a a

x a x a x a

a x a x a x a x a

+ +

= + +

+ + + + + +

=

3 | Online International Journal of Vedic Mathematics (OIJVM)

TWO STEP METHOD

2) (20341)

2

= ?

Step 1) (2*0) (20*3) (203*4) (2034*1)

= (00) (0 60 ) (8 12) (20 34)

0 8 Carry = 20

= 0 68 32 34

Step 2) Second number = 04 00 09 16 01

2

2

0

2

3

2

4

2

1

2

(20341)

2

= (First number ) + (Second number )

= 13664680 + 0400091601 = 0413756281

3) (1204)

3

= ?

Step 1) (12) (120) (1204)

Step 2) Multiply each number in parenthesis by its tens and unit place.

i.e. (12 * 1 * 2) (120 * 12*0) (1204 * 120 * 4)

= (024) (0 000 ) (577 920)

0 Carry = 577

= 024 577 920 (Ripple carry addition by taking three digit as sum)

Step 3) Second number = 001 008 000 064

1

3

2

3

0

3

4

3

4 | Online International Journal of Vedic Mathematics (OIJVM)

TWO STEP METHOD

(1204)

3

= (First number ) + (Second number )

= 737337600

+1008000064

(1204)

3

= 1745337664

4) (501)

3

= ?

Step 1) (50 * 5 *0) (501 * 50 * 1)

= (0 000 ) (25 050 )

Carry = 25

= 025 050

Step 2) Second number = 125 000 001

5

3

0

3

1

3

(501)

3

= (First number ) + (Second number )

= 751500

+125000001

(501)

3

= 125751501

Reference

1) Modern Approach to Speed Math Secret , First edition, 2013.

Exercise

1) Compute square of following numbers

i) 25 ii) 699 iii) 324 iv) 194 v) 118 vi)123456

vii) 831 viii) 891 ix) 65412 x) 32147

2) Compute cube of following numbers

i) 112 ii) 1003 iii) 321 iv) 52 v) 58 vi) 1031

vii)1111 viii) 785 ix) 998 (Hint-998=1002) x) 123

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