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BRITISH STANDARD

BS 6105:1981 ISO 3506-1979

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Specification for

Corrosion-resistant stainless steel fasteners

UDC 621.882034.14:669.14.018.8

BS 6105:1981

Cooperating organizations
The Mechanical Engineering Standards Committee, under whose direction this British Standard was prepared, consists of representatives from the following:
Associated Offices Technical Committee Association of Consulting Engineers Association of Hydraulic Equipment Manufacturers Association of Mining Electrical and Mechanical Engineers British Compressed Air Society British Electrical and Allied Manufacturers Association (BEAMA)* British Gas Corporation British Gear Manufacturers Association British Internal Combustion Engine Manufacturers Association* British Pump Manufacturers Association British Steel Corporation British Steel Industry* Cbmpe Chartered Institution of Building Services Crown Agents for Oversea Governments and Administrations Department of Industry (Mechanical Engineering) Department of Industry (National Engineering Laboratory)* Department of the Environment (PSA) Department of Trade (Marine Division) Department of Transport Electricity Supply Industry in England and Wales Engineering Equipment Users Association Federation of Manufacturers of Construction Equipment and Cranes Health and Safety Executive Institution of Gas Engineers Institution of Mechanical Engineers Institution of Plant Engineers Institution of Production Engineers* Lloyds Register of Shipping London Transport Executive Machine Tool Industry Research Association Ministry of Defence* National Coal Board* Oil Companies Materials Association Process Plant Association Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders Limited* Telecommunication Engineering and Manufacturing Association (TEMA)*

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The organizations marked with an asterisk in the above list, together with the following, were directly represented on the Technical Committee entrusted with the preparation of this British Standard:
British Constructional Steelwork Association British Industrial Fasteners Federation British Railways Board British Steel Industry (Wire Section) Electronic Engineering Association Federation of British Hand Tool Manufacturers Gauge and Tool Makers Association Washer Manufacturers Association of Great Britain

This British Standard, having been prepared under the direction of the Mechanical Engineering Standards Committee, was published under the authority of the Executive Board and comes into effect on 30 April 1981 BSI 12-1998 The following BSI references relate to the work on this standard: Committee reference MEE/60 Draft for comment 74/77232 DC ISBN 0 580 12104 6

Amendments issued since publication Amd. No. Date of issue Comments

BS 6105:1981

Contents
Cooperating organizations National foreword 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Introduction Scope and field of application References Designation, marking, finish and magnetic properties Chemical composition Mechanical properties Methods of test Page Inside front cover ii 1 1 1 1 4 4 5 10 11 12 12 3 3 7 8 8 9 2 4 5 6 6

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Annex A Stainless steel composition specifications (Extract from ISO 683/XIII) Annex B Stainless steels for cold heading and extruding (Extract from ISO 4954) Annex C Screw thread Tensile stress areas Annex D Total extension at fracture (AL) Figure 1 Marking of bolts and screws Examples Figure 2 Marking of nuts Examples of alternative marking practice Figure 3 Bolt extensometer with self-aligning grips Figure 4 Load-extension curve for stress at 0,2 % permanent strain (Rp 0,2) Figure 5 Determination of total extension at fracture (AL) Figure 6 Apparatus for determination of breaking torque (Tm) Table 1 ISO designation system for stainless steel fasteners Table 2 Stainless steel fastners Grade composition ranges Table 3 Mechanical properties of martensitic and ferritic grade fasteners Table 4 Mechanical properties of austentic grade fasteners Table 5 Breaking torque (Tm) for screws of M5 and smaller Publication referred to

Inside back cover

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BS 6105:1981

National foreword
This British Standard has been prepared under the direction of the Mechanical Engineering Standards Committee. It is identical with ISO 3506-1979 Corrosion-resistant stainless steel fasteners Specifications. The United Kingdom has taken an active part of the work of Technical Committee ISO/TC 2, Fasteners, of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). Terminology and conventions. The text of the international standard has been approved as suitable for publication as a British Standard without deviation. Some terminology and certain conventions are not identical with those used in British Standards; attention is especially drawn to the following. The comma has been used throughout as a decimal marker. In British Standards it is current practice to use a full point on the baseline as the decimal marker. Wherever the words International Standard appear, referring to this standard, they should be read as British Standard. Cross-references
International standard Corresponding British Standard

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ISO 68-1973 ISO/R 80-1968

ISO/R 81-1967

ISO 82-1974 ISO 262-1973

BS 3643 ISO metric screw threads Part 1:1981 Principles and basic data (Technically equivalent) BS 891 Method for Rockwell hardness test Part 1:1962 Testing of metals (Technically equivalent) BS 427 Method for Vickers hardness test Part 1:1961 Testing of metals (Technically equivalent) BS 18 Methods for tensile testing of metals Part 2:1971 Steel (general) (Technically equivalent) BS 3643 ISO metric screw threads Part 1:1981 Principles and basic data (Technically equivalent) BS 6104 Mechanical properties of fasteners 1) Part 1:1981 Specification for bolts, screws and studs (Identical) BS 6104 Mechanical properties of fasteners
1)

ISO 898/I-1978

ISO 898/II-1969 (Revised as

Part 2: Specification for nuts with specified proof load values ISO 898/2-1980) (Technically equivalent) ISO 3651/2-1976 BS 5903:1980 Method for determination of resistance to intergranular corrosion of austenitic stainless steels: copper sulphate sulphuric acid method (Moneypenny Strauss test) (Technically equivalent) The Technical Committee has reviewed the provisions of ISO/R 79-1968 referred to in the text, and has decided that they are acceptable for use in conjunction with this standard. The British Standard related to ISO/R 79 is BS 240-1:1962. There is no corresponding British Standard for ISO 3651/1-1976. The committee responsible for it having been consulted, its technical requirements are hereby confirmed as being acceptable, and insofar as it is called up in the main body of this standard as a requirement to be complied with, it is to be regarded as mandatory for the purposes of this standard.

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In course of preparation. BSI 12-1998

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BS 6105:1981

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There are no corresponding British Standards for ISO 683/XIII-1974 and ISO 4954-1979. This standard includes the necessary information from these international standards as Annex A and Annex B respectively. Additional information. The groove marking of nuts as shown in Figure 2 is to be considered non-preferred for the purposes of this British Standard. Textual error. When the text of the international standard was adopted, the error, given below, was noticed. It has been reported to ISO in a proposal to amend the text of the international standard. Annex A. In the column headed Mo %, max. should be deleted in two places. (The footnote to the table states that all values are maxima unless otherwise indicated.) A British Standard does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a contract. Users of British Standards are responsible for their correct application. Compliance with a British Standard does not of itself confer immunity from legal obligations.

Summary of pages This document comprises a front cover, an inside front cover, pages i to iv, pages 1 to 12, an inside back cover and a back cover. This standard has been updated (see copyright date) and may have had amendments incorporated. This will be indicated in the amendment table on the inside front cover.
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BS 6105:1981

0 Introduction

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In the preparation of this International Standard, special attention has been given to the fundamentally different property characteristics of the stainless steel fastener grades compared with carbon and low-alloy steel fasteners of similar dimensions. The ferritic and austenitic stainless steels are strengthened only by cold working, and consequently the components do not have as homogeneous a condition as a hardened and tempered part. These special features have been recognized in the preparation of the clauses applicable to property classes and the mechanical test procedures, which differ from the carbon and low alloy steel fastener test procedures with regard to the measurement of yield point (stress at 0,2 % permanent strain) and ductility (total extension at fracture) on the finished component.

Acceptable corrosion and oxidation performances and mechanical property values allowing use at elevated or sub-zero temperatures must be the subject of agreement between user and manufacturer wherever appropriate to the proposed service environment.

2 References
ISO 68, ISO general purpose screw threads Basic profile. ISO/R 79, Brinell hardness test for steel. ISO/R 80, Rockwell hardness test (B and C scales) for steel. ISO/R 81, Vickers hardness test for steel. ISO 82, Steel Tensile testing. ISO 262, ISO general purpose metric screw threads Selected sizes for screws, bolts and nuts. ISO 683/XIII, Heat-treated steels, alloy steels and free-cutting steels Part XIII: Wrought stainless steels. ISO 898/I, Mechanical properties of fasteners Part I: Bolts, screws and studs. ISO 898/II, Mechanical properties of fasteners Part II: Nuts with specified proof load values.2) ISO 3651, Austenitic stainless steels Determination of resistance to intergranular corrosion. ISO 4954, Steels for cold heading and extruding.3)

1 Scope and field of application


This International Standard gives specifications for bolts, screws, studs and nuts made from austenitic, ferritic and martensitic grades of corrosion-resistant stainless steels. It is applicable only to fastener components after completion of manufacture, with nominal thread diameters from 1,6 up to and including 39 mm, of any triangular ISO metric threads according to ISO 68 and with diameters and pitches according to ISO 262, of any shape; and additionally for nuts of any shape provided that width across flats or outside diameters is not less than 1,45 times nominal diameter, and effective thread engagement is at least 0,6 times nominal diameter. This International Standard does not define corrosion or oxidation resistance in particular environments. It does specify grades for fasteners made from corrosion-resistant stainless steels. Some have mechanical properties allowing use at temperatures down to 200 C in air. Some have oxidation resistance allowing use at temperatures up to + 800 C in air.

3 Designation, marking, finish and magnetic properties


3.1 Designation The designation of fasteners is given in Table 1. The steel grades and property classes are designated by a four-character identifier consisting of a letter followed by three digits. The letter indicates the general composition groups of steels as follows: A for austenitic steels; C for martensitic steels; F for ferritic steels. The first digit following the letter indicates the type of alloying elements present for the particular group A, C or F. The last two digits indicate the property class (metallurgical condition); for example: 1) A2-70 indicates: austenitic steel, cold-worked, minimum 700 N/mm2 4) tensile strength.

2) 3) 4)

At present at the stage of draft. (Revision of ISO/R 898/II-1969 and ISO 898/IV-1972.) At present at the stage of draft. 1 N/mm2 = 1 MPa

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2) C4-70 indicates: martensitic 12 % Cr steel, hardened and tempered, minimum 700 N/mm2 tensile strength. 3.2 Marking 3.2.1 Bolts and screws All hexagon head screws and bolts and socket cap screws of M5 thread diameter and greater shall be clearly marked in accordance with the designation system given in 3.1. This marking can be applied to other types of bolts and screws where it is technically possible to do so on the head portion only. The marking shall include the steel grade and property class and also the manufacturers identification mark (see Figure 1). Additional marking can be applied at the option of the manufacturer or at the specific request of the purchaser. This additional marking should not be liable to cause confusion with any other standardized marking or identification. 3.2.2 Studs and other fasteners

3.2.3 Nuts Nuts shall be marked with the steel grade and property class, if necessary, and with the manufacturers identification mark in the case of nuts of M5 nominal thread diameter and greater (see Figure 2), where this is technically possible for the manufacturer. Marking of one nut face is acceptable and shall be by indentation only when applied to the bearing surface of the nuts. Alternatively, marking on the side of the nuts is permissible. Property class marking and designation of nuts is necessary where the nuts do not meet the minimum proof load stress of the highest property class for the steel grade. 3.2.4 Packages and containers Marking of the designation is mandatory on all packages or containers of all sizes. 3.3 Finish Unless otherwise specified, stainless steel fasteners shall be supplied clean and bright. 3.4 Magnetic properties

All austenitic stainless steel fasteners are normally non-magnetic; after cold working, some magnetic Marking of studs and other fasteners shall be properties may be evident. agreed between user and manufacturer. Table 1 ISO designation system for stainless steel fasteners
Composition groupsa

Identification of steel gradesb

Property class

a See b For

Table 2 for composition ranges. ISO steels, see ISO 683/XIII, annex A, ISO 4954 and annex B.

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Figure 1 Marking of bolts and screws Examples

Figure 2 Marking of nuts Examples of alternative marking practice


NOTE For marking of left-hand thread, see ISO 898/I and ISO 898/II.

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BS 6105:1981

4 Chemical composition

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The composition ranges of steels suitable for the different steel grades for fasteners are given in Table 2. At the discretion of the manufacturer, fasteners may be manufactured from all steels corresponding to the grade required, except where the user specifies steels covered by particular ISO or national specifications. Alternative steels may be used provided that they give the physical and mechanical properties to the required steel grade and property class and have equivalent corrosion resistance. When alternative compositions are used, consultation between the manufacturer and the user may be necessary in order to ensure suitability for the intended application. Only when all these conditions are met shall parts be marked and/or described according to the designation system described in clause 3. Austenitic steel fasteners of grades A2 and A4 shall not show any grain-boundary carbide network and shall be resistant to inter-crystalline corrosion tests as defined in ISO 3651.

Grade A1 fasteners can also be supplied resistant to inter-crystalline corrosion subject to prior agreement with the manufacturer.

5 Mechanical properties
5.1 Tests for acceptability 5.1.1 Bolts, screws and studs of M5 nominal thread diameter and smaller Testing shall be carried out by one of the following acceptance tests: tensile strength, minimum (see 6.2); breaking torque, minimum (see 6.5). (Torque test values are valid only for austenitic steel grades.) 5.1.2 Bolts, screws and studs above M5 nominal thread diameter tensile strength, minimum (see 6.2); stress at 0,2 % permanent strain, minimum (yield strength) (see 6.3); extension value at fracture, minimum (see 6.4); hardness test, applicable only to grades C1, C3 and C4 when hardened and tempered (see 6.7).

Table 2 Stainless steel fasteners Grade composition ranges


Group Grade Chemical composition, % C Si Mn P S

(m/m)a
Cr Moh Ni

Notes
b c c de g c de f

A1 Austenitic A2 A4 C1 Martensitic C3 C4 Ferritic


a b

0,12 0,08 0,08

1,0 1,0 1,0

2,0 2,0 2,0 1,0 1,0 1,5 1,0

0,20 0,05 0,05 0,05 0,04 0,06 0,04

0,15 to 0,35 17,0 to 19,0 0,6 0,03 0,03 0,03 0,03 0,03 17,0 to 20,0 11,5 to 14,0 16,0 to 18,0 15,5 to 18,0

8,0 to 10,0 8,0 to 13,0 1,0 1,5 to 2,5 1,0 0,5

16,0 to 18,5 2,0 to 3,0 10,0 to 14,0

0,09 to 0,15 1,0 0,17 to 0,25 1,0 0,08 to 0,15 1,0 0,12 1,0

0,15 to 0,35 12,0 to 14,0 0,6

b f c d g

F1

Values are maximum unless otherwise indicated. Sulphur may be replaced by selenium. c May contain titanium $ 5 C up to 0,8 % maximum. d May contain niobium (columbium) and/or tantalum $ 10 C up to 1,0 % maximum. e May contain copper up to 4,0 % maximum. f Carbon content may be higher at the option of the manufacturer, where required to obtain the specified mechanical properties in larger diameters. g Molybdenum may also be present at the option of the manufacturer. h If for some applications a maximum molybdenum content is essential, this must be stated at the time of ordering by the purchaser.

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5.1.3 Nuts of all nominal thread diameters

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proof load at corresponding bolt grade minimum tensile strength (see 6.6); hardness test, applicable only to grades C1, C3 and C4 when hardened and tempered (see 6.7). 5.2 Mechanical property values The mechanical properties specified for the various grades and property classes are given in Table 3, Table 4 and Table 5. These mechanical property values apply to products of sizes up to and including eight diameters in length (8 d), for A1-, A2- and A4-70 and 80, and F1-60. This length limitation does not apply to fasteners of the soft and the hardened and tempered property classes, i.e. A1-, A2- and A4-50, F1-45, C1-, C3- and C4-50, 70 and 80. For fasteners of greater length strenghened by cold working, mechanical property values shall be agreed upon between user and manufacturer. The agreed values will depend upon the grade of steel and the type of manufacturing process employed.

Minimum breaking torque values for other steel and property grades shall be agreed upon between user and manufacturer.

6 Methods of test
6.1 General All length measurements shall be made by methods with an accuracy of 0,05 mm or better. All tensile and load tests shall be performed with testing machines equipped with self-aligning grips in order to prevent any non-axial loading (see 6.2, 6.3, 6.4 and 6.6 and Figure 3).

Table 3 Mechanical properties of martensitic and ferritic grade fasteners


Bolts, screws and studs Nuts Bolts, screws, studs and nuts Hardness HB min. max. HRC min. max. Stress at 0,2 % Tensile Proof load permanent Extension Property strength stress Grade strain class Rm a Rp0,2 ALb Sp HV N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 min. min. min. min. max.

Group

C1 Martensitic C3 C4 Ferritic
a All b

50 70 80 50 70 45 60

500 700 800 500 700 450 600

250 410

0,2 d 0,2 d 0,2 d 0,2 d 0,2 d 0,2 d 0,2 d

500 700 800 500 700 450 600

220 240 220

330 340 330

209 314 20 228 323 21


34 35

640
250 410 250 410

209 314 20

34

F1c

tensile stress values are calculated and reported in terms of the nominal tensile stress area of the thread (see annex C). The extension measurements are determined in accordance with the test procedure in 6.4 and are on the actual screw or bolt length and not on a prepared test piece gauge length of 5 d of the test piece (see annex D). c Maximum diameter for F1 is M24.

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Table 4 Mechanical properties of austenitic grade fasteners

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Bolts, screws and studs Group Grade Property class Diameter range Tensile strength Rma N/mm2 min. Stress at 0.2 % permanent strain Rp0,2 N/mm2 min. Extension ALb min.

Nuts Proof load stress Sp N/mm2

Austenitic
a All b

A1, A2 and A4

50 70 80

# M39 # M20c # M20c

500 700 800

210 450 600

0,6 d 0,4 d 0,3 d

500 700 800

tensile stress values are calculated and reported in terms of the nominal tensile stress area of the thread (see annex C). The extension measurements are determined in accordance with the test procedure in 6.4 and are on the actual screw or bolt length and not on a prepared test piece gauge length of 5 d of the test piece (see annex D). c Above M20 the higher strength property classes should have the property values specially agreed upon between user and manufacturer because at the tensile strength values given in Table 4 alternative values of stress at 0,2 % permanent strain may occur.

Table 5 Breaking torque (Tm), for screws of M5 and smaller


Thread size (coarse series) Breaking torque (minimum) Austenitic grades only Property class 50 Nm Property class 70 Nm Property class 80 Nm

6.3 Determination of stress at 0,2 % permanent strain (Rp0,2) Tests for determination of stress at 0,2 % permanent strain shall be carried out only on complete bolts and screws in the finished condition. This test is applicable only to fasteners of lengths equal to twice the diameter (2 d) or longer. The test shall be carried out by measuring the extension of the bolt or screw when subjected to axial tensile loading (see Figure 3). A curve of load against extension shall be plotted as shown in Figure 4. The clamping length from which Rp0,2 is calculated is taken as the distance L3 between the underside of the head and the threaded adapter see Figure 3 (see also note 2 below Table 3 and Table 4). A value equal to 0,2 % of L3 is then applied to the horizontal (strain) axis of the load-extension curve, OP, and the same value is plotted horizontally from the straight-line portion of the curve as QR. A line is then drawn through P and R and the intersection, S, of this line with the load-extension curve corresponds to a load at point T on the vertical axis. This load, when divided by the thread tensile stress area, gives the stress at 0,2 % permanent strain (Rp0,2). The component under test shall be screwed into a hardened threaded adapter to a depth of one diameter (see Figure 3). The value of extension is determined between the bearing face of the bolt head and the end of the adapter.

M1,6 M2 M2,5 M3 M4 M5

0,15 0,3 0,6 1,1 2,7 5,5

0,2 0,4 0,9 1,6 3,8 7,8

0,27 0,56 1,2 2,1 4,9 10,0

6.2 Determination of tensile strength (Rm) Tests shall be carried out on complete bolts and screws in the finished condition, in accordance with the test procedure specified in ISO 82 and ISO 898. This test is applicable only to fasteners of lengths equal to twice the diameter (2 d) or longer. When carrying out the test, a free threaded length at least equal to one diameter (d) shall be subject to the tensile load. The measured tensile strength value must be at least equal to the values given in Table 3 and Table 4, irrespective of the location of the point of fracture between the bearing face of the bolt head and the end of the adapter.

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6.4 Determination of total extension at fracture (AL) The extension test shall be carried out on bolts, screws and studs in the finished condition. It is applicable only to fasteners with lengths equal to three times the diameter (3 d) or longer. The component under test shall be screwed into the threaded adapter to a depth of one diameter (see Figure 3). After the bolt or screw has been fractured in accordance with the tensile testing procedure, the two broken pieces shall be fitted closely together and the overall length (L2) measured again (see Figure 5). The total extension at fracture shall then be calculated using the formula AL = L2 L1 The value obtained shall exceed the minimum values of the appropriate property value tables. If this test is required on machined samples, the test values should be specially agreed. 6.5 Determination of breaking torque (Tm) The screws shall be tested in a clamping device as shown in Figure 6. At failure under the applied torque, the minimum torque given in Table 5 shall be exceeded. The shank of the screw shall be clamped in a mating split blind-hole die in order that at least two full threads project above the clamping device, and a length equivalent to one nominal diameter, exclusive of the point, shall be held within the clamping device. For this breaking torque test, a calibrated torque-measuring instrument shall be used with a measuring range not exceeding five times the specified minimum value. The accuracy of the torque-measuring device shall not be worse than 7 % of the minimum specification value for the screw diameter to be tested. 6.6 Proof load test for nuts The test procedure shall be in accordance with ISO 898/II. The nut shall be assembled on a threaded mandrel and the specified load according to the thread size, steel grade and property class applied. The nut shall be capable of being fully loaded up to the proof load (specified minimum tensile strength of bolts of the same steel grade and property class) of the appropriate property class without thread stripping occurring.

6.7 Hardness test Hardness tests shall be carried out in accordance with ISO/R 79 (Brinell), ISO/R 80 (Rockwell) or ISO/R 81 (Vickers). The hardness tests on bolts shall be made at the end of the bolt, midway between the centre and the circumference. The hardness test on nuts shall be made on the bearing face midway between the corner and the thread chamfer.

Figure 3 Bolt extensometer with self-aligning grips

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Figure 4 Load-extension curve for stress at 0,2 % permanent strain (Rp0,2) (see 6.3)

Figure 5 Determination of total extension at fracture (AL) (see 6.4)

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Figure 6 Apparatus for determination of breaking torque (Tm) (see 6.5)

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Annex A Stainless steel composition specifications5) (Extract from ISO 683/XIII)


Type of steel Fastener grade identification

C%

Si % Mn %

P%

S%

Cr %

Mo %

Ni %

Other elements, %

Ferritic steels 8 8b 9c 0,10 0,10 0,10 1,0 1,0 1,0 1,0 1,0 1,0 0,040 0,040 0,040 0,030 0,030 0,030 16,0 to 18,0 16,0 to 18,0 # 0,50 # 0,50 F1 5 % C # Ti # 0,80 F1 F1

16,0 to 18,0 0,90 to 1,30

Martensitic steels 3 7 4 9 9b 5 6 6a 0,09 to 0,15 1,0 0,08 to 0,15 1,0 0,16 to 0,25 1,0 0,10 to 0,20 1,0 0,17 to 0,25 1,0 0,26 to 0,35 1,0 0,36 to 0,45 1,0 0,42 to 0,50 1,0 1,0 1,5 1,0 1,0 1,0 1,0 1,0 1,0 0,040 0,060 0,040 0,040 0,040 0,040 0,040 0,040 0,030 11,5 to 14,0 # 1,0 # 1,0 # 1,0 1,5 to 3,0 1,5 to 2,5 # 1,0 # 1,0 # 1,0 C1 C4 C1 C3 C3 C1 C1 C1

0,15 to 0,35 12,0 to 14,0 0,60 max. 0,030 0,030 0,030 0,030 0,030 0,030 12,0 to 14,0 15,0 to 18,0 16,0 to 18,0 12,0 to 14,0 12,5 to 14,5 12,5 to 14,5

Austenitic steels 10 11 17 13 15 16 19 20 21 23 19a 20a 21a 23a 0,030 0,07 0,12 0,10 0,08 0,08 0,030 0,07 0,08 0,08 0,030 0,07 0,08 0,08 1,0 1,0 1,0 1,0 1,0 1,0 1,0 1,0 1,0 1,0 1,0 1,0 1,0 1,0 2,0 2,0 2,0 2,0 2,0 2,0 2,0 2,0 2,0 2,0 2,0 2,0 2,0 2,0 0,045 0,045 0,045 0,045 0,045 0,045 0,045 0,045 0,045 0,045 0,045 0,045 0,045 0,045 0,030 0,030 17,0 to 19,0 17,0 to 19,0 9,0 to 12,0 8,0 to 11,0 8,0 to 10,0 11,0 to 13,0 A2 A2 A1 A2

0,15 to 0,35 17,0 to 19,0 0,60 max. 0,030 0,030 0,030 0,030 0,030 0,030 0,030 0,030 0,030 0,030 0,030 17,0 to 19,0 17,0 to 19,0 17,0 to 19,0 16,0 to 18,5 2,0 to 2,5 16,0 to 18,5 2,0 to 2,5 16,0 to 18,5 2,0 to 2,5 16,0 to 18,5 2,0 to 2,5 16,0 to 18,5 2,5 to 3,0 16,0 to 18,5 2,5 to 3,0 16,0 to 18,5 2,5 to 3,0 16,0 to 18,5 2,5 to 3,0

9,0 to 12,0 5 % C # Ti # 0,80 A2 9,0 to 12,0 10 % C # Nb # 1,0 A2 11,0 to 14,0 10,5 to 14,0 A4 A4

10,5 to 14,0 5 % C # Ti # 0,80 A4 10,5 to 14,0 10 % C # Nb # 1,0 A4 11,5 to 14,5 11,0 to 14,5 A4 A4

11,0 to 14,5 5 % C # Ti # 0,80 A4 11,0 to 14,5 10 % C # Nb # 1,0 A4

This annex gives only a preliminary list of steels, pending the final version of ISO 683/XIII, which is under revision. The values given are maxima unless otherwise indicated.

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Annex B Stainless steels for cold heading and extruding (Extract from ISO 4954)
Type of steel C% Si % Mn % max. max. P% max. S% max. Cr % Mo % Ni % Other elements, % Fastener grade identification

Ferritic steels

D1 D2 D 10 D 11 D 12

#0,10 #0,10 0,09/0,15 0,10/0,20 0,17/0,25

1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00

1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00

0,040 0,040 0,040 0,040 0,040

0,030 0,030 0,030 0,030 0,030

16,0/18,0 16,0/18,0 11,5/14,0 15,0/18,0 16,0/18,0 0,90/1,30

#0,50

F1 F1

Martensitic steels

# 1,0 1,5/3,0 1,5/2,5

C1 (C3) C3

Austenitic steelsa

D 20 D 21 D 22 D 23 D 24 D 25 D 26 D 27 D 28 D 29 D 30 D 31 D 32

# 0,030 # 0,07 # 0,12 # 0,10 # 0,030 0,08 # 0,08 # 0,08 # 0,030 # 0,007 # 0,08 # 0,08 # 0,08

1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00

2,00 2,00 2,00 2,00 2,00 2,00 2,00 2,00 2,00 2,00 2,00 2,00 2,00

0,045 0,045 0,045 0,045 0,045 0,045 0,045 0,045 0,045 0,045 0,045 0,045 0,045

0,030 0,030 0,030 0,030 0,030 0,030 0,030 0,030 0,030 0,030 0,030 0,030 0,030

17,0/19,0 17,0/19,0 17,0/19,0 17,0/19,0 15,0/17,0 15,0/17,0 17,0/19,0 17,0/19,0 16,0/18,5 16,0/18,5 16,0/18,5 16,0/18,5 16,0/18,5 2,0/2,5 2,0/2,5 2,0/2,5 2,0/2,5

9,0/12,0 8,0/11,0 8,0/10,0 11,0/13,0 17,0/19,0 17,0/19,0 9,0/12,0 9,0/12,0 11,0/14,0 10,5/14,0 10,5/14,0 10,5/14,0 8,5/10,5 Ti : 5 % C/0,80 Nb : 10 % C/1,0b Cu : 3,00/4,00 Ti : 5 % C/0,80 Nb : 10 % C/1,0b

A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 A4 A4 A4 A4 A2

a The cold extrudability b Tantalum determined

of these steels is in a high degree dependent on the cold extruding conditions. as niobium.

BSI 12-1998

11

BS 6105:1981

Licensed copy: P. Chitra, Atkins, Version correct as of 01/02/2011 10:01, (c) BSI

Annex C Screw thread tensile stress areas


(See ISO 898/I) d 2 + d 3 2 A s = -- ------------------4 2 where As is the stress area; d2 is the pitch diameter of the thread; d3 is the minor diameter of the thread = d 1 H ---6 d1 being the minor diameter; H being the theoretical thread height.
Stress area As mm2

Annex D Total extension at fracture (AL)


(See 6.4 and Table 3 and Table 4)
Nominal diameter d mm 0,6 d Extension (L2 L1) mm 0,4 d 0,3 d 0,2 d

5 6 8 10 12 (14) 16 (18) 20 (22) 24 (27) 30 (33) 36 (39)

3,0 3,6 4,8 6,0 7,2 8,4 9,6 10,8 12,0 13,2 14,4 16,2 18,0 19,8 21,6 23,4

2,0 2,4 3,2 4,0 4,8 5,6 6,4 7,2 8,0 8,8 9,6 10,8 12,0 13,2 14,4 15,6

1,5 1,8 2,4 3,0 3,6 4,2 4,8 5,4 6,0 6,6 7,2 8,1 9,0 9,9 10,8 11,7

1,0 1,2 1,6 2,0 2,4 2,8 3,2 3,6 4,0 4,4 4,8 5,4 6,0 6,6 7,2 7,8

Thread size (coarse series)

M1,6 M2 M2,5 M3 M4 M5 M6 M8 M10 M12 (M14) M16 (M18) M20 (M22) M24 (M27) M30

1,3 2,1 3,4 5,0 8,8 14,2 20,1 36,6 58,0 84,3 115 157 192 245 303 353 459 561

Diameters shown in parentheses are non-preferred sizes.

(M33) 694 M36 817 (M39) 976 Diameters shown in parentheses are non-preferred sizes.

12

BSI 12-1998

Licensed copy: P. Chitra, Atkins, Version correct as of 01/02/2011 10:01, (c) BSI

BSI 12-1998

See national foreword.

Publications referred to
BS 6105:1981

BSI 389 Chiswick High Road London W4 4AL

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