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SMJK Chung Hwa M1(Trial)

Section A [45 marks]


Answer all questions in this section.

1. (a) Find the roots of the equation e
2 2x
= 2e
x
giving your answer in
terms of logarithm. [2 marks]
(b) Find x in terms of y when y x
9 3
log 1 log = . [3 marks]

2. The function f is defined by
f : x (x - 1)(x - 3) for x < c.
Find the largest possible value of c for which the inverse of f exists.
[2 marks]
Find f
1
and calculate the value of x for which f (x) = f
1
(x). [6 marks]

3. The sum, S
n
of the first n terms of a series is given by S
n
= kn + mn
2
.
Given that S
2
= 8 and S
5
=
2
1
32 .
(a) Find the values of k and m. [4 marks]
(b) Find the n
th
term of the series. [3 marks]
(c) Show that the series is an arithmetic progression and find its
common difference. [3 marks]

4. Matrix P is given by
P =
|
|
|
.
|

\
|


1 3 1
0 2 1
0 0 1
for P
2
+ mP + nI = O.
(a) Find the values of m and n. [4 marks]
(b) Hence deduce P
3
and P
1
. [6 marks]

5. By using the substitution u
2
= x, find

}

4
1
0 ) 1 ( x x
dx
. [6 marks]

6. Show that
2
2
1
x
e
dx
x
=
}

.
Hence, find the particular solution of the differential equation
x y
dx
dy
x = 2
which satisfies the boundary condition
2
1
= y when x = 1. [6 marks]

Section B [15 marks]
Answer one question in this section.

7. It is given that
) 3 )( 2 (
1
) (
2
+

=
x x
x x
x f .
(a) Express f (x) in partial fractions. [6 marks]
(b) Hence, obtain an expansion of f (x) in ascending powers of
x
1

up to
The term in
3
1
x
. [6 marks]
(c) Determine the set of values of x for which this expansion is valid.
[3 marks]

8. The number of a species of insects in a colony at the time t is x. The rate of
growth of the insects is proportional to the product of x with (h x), where
h is a positive constant. Write a differential equation to represent this situation,
taking k as the constant of proportion. [1 mark]
If h x
26
1
= when t = 0 and h x
5
1
= when t = T. Show that
(a)
2
5
ln
2
hT
k = , [9 marks]
(b)
T
t
T
h
x
2
25
2
5
25
2
5
|
.
|

\
|
+
|
.
|

\
|
= . [5 marks]
Marking Scheme:
1. (a) Find the roots of the equation e
2 2x
= 2e
x
giving your answer in
terms of logarithm. [2 marks]
(b) Find x in terms of y when y x
9 3
log 1 log = . [3 marks]

1. (a) e
2 2x
= 2e
x

e
x
(e
2 2x
) = 2
e
2 x
= 2 M1
2 x = ln 2
x = 2 ln 2 A1
(b) y x
9 3
log 1 log =

2
log
1 log
3
3
y
x = M1
9
2
=
y
x

M1
x = 3 y , because x > 0 A1

2. The function f is defined by
f : x (x 1)(x 3) for x < c.
Find the largest possible value of c for which the inverse of f exists.
[2 marks]
Find f
1
and calculate the value of x for which f (x) = f
1
(x). [6 marks]

2. f : x (x - 1)(x - 3) for x < c
For f
1
to exist, f must be a one to one function,
Since the axis of symmetry is x = 2,
The largest possible value of c is 2. M1A1
y = (x 1)(x 3) = x
2
4x + 3 M1
y = (x 2)
2
1
x = 2 1 + y
Since y < 2, x = 2 1 + y A1
f
1
: x 2 1 + x , x > 1 A1
f (x) = f
1
(x) = x
(x 1)(x 3) = x B1
x
2
5x + 3 = 0

2
13 5
2
12 25 5
=

= x M1
Since x < 2,
2
13 5
= x A1
3. The sum, S
n
of the first n terms of a series is given by S
n
= kn + mn
2
.
Given that S
2
= 8 and S
5
=
2
1
32 .
(a) Find the values of k and m. [4 marks]
(b) Find the n
th
term of the series. [3 marks]
(c) Show that the series is an arithmetic progression and find its
common difference. [3 marks]

(a) S
n
= kn + mn
2

S
2
= 8 and S
5
=
2
1
32
2k + 4m = 8 , 5k + 25m =
2
65
B1
Solving: m = 3.5, k = 11 M1A1
(b) S
n
= 11n + 3.5n
2

U
n
= S
n
S
n1
= 11n + 3.5n
2
[11(n 1) + 3.5(n 1)
2
] M1M1
= 7n 14.5 A1
(c) U
n
U
n1
= 7n 14.5 [7(n 1) 14.5] M1
= 7 = constant A1
the series is an arithmetic progression and d = 7 A1

4. Matrix P is given by
P =
|
|
|
.
|

\
|


1 3 1
0 2 1
0 0 1
for P
2
+ mP + nI = O.
(a) Find the values of m and n. [4 marks]
(b) Hence deduce P
3
and P
1
. [6 marks]

(a) P
2
=
|
|
|
.
|

\
|

1 3 1
0 4 1
0 0 1

B1

|
|
|
.
|

\
|

1 3 1
0 4 1
0 0 1
+ m
|
|
|
.
|

\
|


1 3 1
0 2 1
0 0 1
+ n
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
1 0 0
0 1 0
0 0 1
=
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0

1 + m + n = 0 , 1 + m = 0 M1
Solving: m = 1, n = 2 M1A1
(b) P
2
+ P 2I = O P
2
= 2I P
P
3
= 2P P
2
= 2
|
|
|
.
|

\
|


1 3 1
0 2 1
0 0 1
2
|
|
|
.
|

\
|

1 3 1
0 4 1
0 0 1

M1
=
|
|
|
.
|

\
|


1 9 3
0 8 3
0 0 1
A1
P
2
+ P 2I = O 2I = P
2
+ P
P
-1
= (P + I) M1
=
|
|
|
|
.
|

\
|

=
(
(
(

|
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
|
|
|
.
|

\
|


1
2
3
2
1
0
2
1
2
1
0 0 1
1 0 0
0 1 0
0 0 1
1 3 1
0 2 1
0 0 1
2
1
M1A1

5. By using the substitution u
2
= x, find

}

4
1
0 ) 1 ( x x
dx
. [6 marks]
u
2
= x, 2du

= dx, x = , u = , x = 0 , u = 0 B1

} }

=

2
1
0
2
4
1
0
1
2
) 1 ( u
du
x x
dx
B1

}
|
.
|

\
|

+
+
=
2
1
0
1
1
1
1
du
u u
M1A1
| |
2
1
0
) 1 ln( ) 1 ln( u u + = M1

(

+ = )
2
1
1 ln( )
2
1
1 ln( = ln 3 A1

6. Show that
2
2
1
x
e
dx
x
=
}

.
Hence, find the particular solution of the differential equation
x y
dx
dy
x = 2
which satisfies the boundary condition
2
1
= y when x = 1. [6 marks]


2
2
1
ln
ln 2
1
2
2
1
x
e e e e
x
x
dx
x
dx
x
= = = =


} }
M1A1
x y
dx
dy
x = 2 1 2 =
x
y
dx
dy



2 3 2
1 2 1
x x
y
dx
dy
x
= M1

2 2
1
x x
y
dx
dy
=
|
.
|

\
|
dx
x x
y
}
=
|
.
|

\
|
2 2
1
M1
c
x x
y
+ =
1
2
A1
y = x + cx
2

(1, ): = 1 + c(1/2)
2
c = 3/2
y = x + 1.5x
2
A1

Section B [15 marks]
Answer one question in this section.
7. It is given that
) 3 )( 2 (
1
) (
2
+

=
x x
x x
x f .
(a) Express f (x) in partial fractions. [6 marks]
(b) Hence, obtain an expansion of f (x) in ascending powers of
x
1

up to
The term in
3
1
x
. [6 marks]
(c) Determine the set of values of x for which this expansion is valid.
[3 marks]
(a)
) 3 )( 2 (
5
1
) 3 )( 2 (
1
) (
2
+
+ =
+

=
x x x x
x x
x f M1A1
=
) 3 ( ) 2 (
1

+
+
+
x
B
x
A
B1
=
) 3 (
1
) 2 (
1
1

+
+

x x
M1A1A1

(b)
|
.
|

\
|

+
|
.
|

\
|
+
=
x
x
x
x
x f
3
1
1
2
1
1
1 ) (

1 1
3
1
1 2
1
1
1

|
.
|

\
|
+
|
.
|

\
|
+ =
x x x x
M1

|
|
.
|

\
|
+
|
.
|

\
|

+
|
.
|

\
|
+ = ...
2
2
) 2 )( 1 ( 2
) 1 ( 1
1
1
2
x x x
M1

1
2
...
3
2
) 2 )( 1 ( 3
) 1 ( 1
1

|
|
.
|

\
|
+
|
.
|

\
|


+
|
.
|

\
|
+ +
x x x
M1A1

...
9 3 1 4 2 1
1
3 2 3 2
+ + + + + =
x x x x x x
M1

...
5 5
1
3 2
+ + + =
x x
A1

(c) Expansion is valid for
)
`

<
)
`

< 1
3
| 1
2
|
x
x
x
x M1
= { } { } 3 | 2 | < > x x x x M1
= { } 3 | < x x A1

8. The number of a species of insects in a colony at the time t is x. The rate of
growth of the insects is proportional to the product of x with (h x), where
h is a positive constant. Write a differential equation to represent this situation,
taking k as the constant of proportion. [1 mark]
If h x
26
1
= when t = 0 and h x
5
1
= when t = T. Show that
(a)
2
5
ln
2
hT
k = , [9 marks]
(b)
T
t
T
h
x
2
25
2
5
25
2
5
|
.
|

\
|
+
|
.
|

\
|
= . [5 marks]

(a)
dt
dx
(h x)
dt
dx
= k(h x) B1

) ( x h
dx

= kdt
dx
x h x h
(

+
1 1 1
= kdt M1A1

} }
=
(

+ kdt dx
x h x h
1 1 1

| | c kt x h x
h
+ = ) ln( ln
1
M1
hc hkt
x h
x
+ =
(

ln A hkt
x h
x
+ =
|
.
|

\
|

ln , A = hc A1
A
h h
h
h x t =
|
|
|
|
.
|

\
|

= =
26
1
26
1
ln :
26
1
, 0 M1

25
1
ln = A


25
1
ln ln + =
|
.
|

\
|

hkt
x h
x
A1

|
.
|

\
|

=
|
.
|

\
|

=
|
.
|

\
|

=
x h
x
x h
x
x h
x
hkt
25
ln 25 ln
25
1
ln ln A1

|
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
|
.
|

\
|

|
.
|

\
|
= = =
h h
h
hkT h x T t
5
1
5
1
25
ln :
5
1
, M1

2
5
ln 2
4
25
ln =
|
.
|

\
|
= hkT
2
5
ln
2
hT
k = A1


(b)
2
5
ln
2
T
kh = M1

|
.
|

\
|

= =
x h
x
T
t
hkt
25
ln
2
5
ln
2
M1

|
.
|

\
|

=
|
.
|

\
|
x h
x T
t
25
2
5
2
A1
( ) x x h
T
t
25
2
5
) (
2
=
|
.
|

\
|
M1

|
|
|
.
|

\
|
|
.
|

\
|
+ =
|
.
|

\
|
+ =
|
.
|

\
|
T
t
T
t
T
t
x x x h
2 2 2
2
5
25
2
5
25
2
5


T
t
T
t
h
x
2
2
2
5
25
2
5
|
.
|

\
|
+
|
.
|

\
|
= A1