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Argumentative Essays 1.

Types
1. Expressing the advantages and disadvantages of the topic under discussion 2. Expressing your opinion on a subject 3. Expressing arguments for and against a topic. 4. Discursive essays.

2. aragraph !ans for Argumentative Essays


Introduction aragraph 1 Advantages/ Disadvantages state topic Main Body aragraph 2 advantages/ arguments for aragraph 3 disadvantages/argu ments against Conclusion "ina! aragraph Give a balanced consideration or your pinion without using personal words or expressions "ina! aragraph restate opinion using different words "ina! aragraph balanced consideration of the topic$can be included your opinion% "ina! aragraph give your own opinion based on the points already mentioned

aragraph 1 xpressing opinions state opinion

aragraph 2 argument ! " reason aragraph 2 oints for

aragraph 3 argument # " reason aragraph 3 oints against

aragraph 1 Arguments for and against state the topic

aragraph 1 Discursive essays state topic

aragraph 2 one point of view $e&g& political%

aragraph 3 another point of view $e&g& economic%

3. #haracteristics
!& An argumentative composition is a piece of formal writing that express different viewpoints on the under discussion& #& 'ou should start a new paragraph for each point you ma(e& )& ach paragraph should start with a (ey sentence *& $a $ey sentence is a sentence which summari+es the paragraph%& ,& 'ou should provide examples and reasons to -ustify your points of view& .& /sing 0uotations1 whether writing the exact words spo(en or paraphrasing1 is a way of ma(ing your argumentative composition more interesting& !

e&g& There is enough in the world for everyones need, but not enough for everyones greed 2ran( Buchman& 3& Before writing your composition1 you should first ma(e a plan&

4. %sefu! Tips for Argumentative Essays


use formal style 4 do not include collo0uial nglish& do not use short forms& write well4developed paragraphs& avoid strong feelings $don&t say 5 everybody hates61 or it is absurd to believe6% use generali+ations $ e&g& children assume/regard %1 but do not use overgenerali+ations $e&g& all children assume that6% do not use strong personal expressions $e&g& I (now% 7 use milder language $e&g& In my view1 it seems to me that 1 in my opinion 1 I tend to believe1 etc&% use lin(ing words $e&g& even though 1on the other hand 1 yet 1 etc&% use se0uencing $e&g& first1 then1 finally1 etc&% ma(e reference to other sources $e&g& 8olice officials believe that6% give examples 7 not personal thoughts $e&g& excessive inta(e of alcohol can damage the liver% do not refer blindly to statistics unless you are certain of a source $ don&t say ' According to statistics1 my statement about students is precise&9 :hich statistics ; % avoid clich<d introductions 7 write something more original $ don&t (rite ' =>ince the old days&9 :hen; ?oo vague % use 0uotations or paraphrasing of 0uotations&

). "irst and *ast aragraph Techni+ues


,n order to grab the reader&s attention and ma$e them (ant continue reading- the first paragraph may' state an opinion 1e&g& I believe that by the year 2000, every home will have a computer ma$e reference to a strange scene or situation 1e&g& watch!style monitor will soon allow everyone to "eep in touch with address the reader direct!y1 e&g& #as it ever occurred to you that computers will one day organise your life$ start (ith a +uotation or rhetorica! +uestion $ 0uestion to which no answer is expected % 1e&g& %o you feel threatened by computers$ start (ith a prob!em that needs a so!ution1 e&g& s time pass, our lives will be controlled by computers The !ast paragraph may' state a persona! opinion1 e&g& In my view, I believe give the reader something to consider1 e&g& &ife would be more convenient if everyone had access to the Internet summarise the composition1 e&g& To sum up #

end (ith a +uotation or a rhetorica! +uestion1 e&g& 'rogress is a comfortable disease(or )hat does the future hold for us$

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