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# SMK CLIFFORD, KUALA KANGSAR, PERAK

Section A
[45marks]
1. Sketch the graph of the function 1 : + x x f for x 0 > . 
a) Find the inverse function of f ,
1
f , state its domain and sketch the graph of
1
f by using
the same axes. 

2. The polynomial c bx ax x + + +
2 3
is divisible by x and 3 x , but leaves a remainder of
40 when it is divided by ) 2 ( + x , find the values of , a b andc . 
Hence, factories the polynomial. 

3. Express
r r
u
r
2
2
2
+
= in partial fractions. 
Using the result obtained, show that
2 2
2
) 2 (
1
2
1 1 1
+
+
+
+ + =
r r r r
u
r
. 

4. Show that the curve ,
ln
x
x
y = x > 0 has a stationary point at
|
.
|

\
|
e
e
1
, and determine
whether this is a maximum or minimum. 

5. Find
a) dx xe
x
}
4
. 
b)
}
2 x x dx by using the substitution 2
2
+ = u x . 

6. Find the general solution to the differential equation . 2
2
y x
dx
dy
x = + 

Section B
[15 marks]
7. Expand
n
n
x
|
.
|

\
|
1 where n is a positive integer in ascending powers of x until the term in
3
x .
If the coefficient of
3
x is
27
1
, findn . 
With this value of n , obtain the expansion of
2
1
) 1 ( 1 x
n
x
n
|
.
|

\
|
in ascending powers of x until the
term in
3
x .
Hence, by taking
10
1
= x , find the approximation of 10 accurate to 4 decimal places. 

8. The curve ), (
2
x b x
a
y = where , 0 = a has a turning point (2, 1). Determine the values of
a andb . 
Calculate the area of the region bounded by the x -axis and the curve. 
Calculate the volume of the solid formed by revolving the region about the x -axis. 

1. 1 ) ( + = x x f x >0
a)

b) let 1 + = x y
1 = y x

2
) 1 ( = y x
, ) 1 ( ) (
2 1
=

x x f Domain { } 9 e > x x , 1
2. Let c bx ax x x p + + + =
2 3
) (
0 ) ( = x f
0 = c
0 ) 3 ( = p
0 3 9 27 = + + b a
9 3 = +b a 1
40 ) 2 ( = p
40 2 4 8 = + b a
16 2 = b a .. 2
2 1+
25 5 = a
5 = a
Substitute in 1
0 9 15 = + + b
6 = b
0 , 6 , 5 = = = c b a
) ( ) 3 ( 6 5
2 3
x Q x x x x x = +
Use long division or other methods
) 2 )( 3 ( 6 5
2 3
= + x x x x x x

3.
r r
U
r
2
2
2
+
=

2
2
) 2 (
2
+
+ =
+ r
B
r r r

Br r A + + = ) 2 ( 2
0 = r 1 2 2 = = A A
2 = r 1 2 2 = = B B

2
1 1
2
2
2
+
=
+
=
r r r r
U
r

2
2
2
1 1
|
.
|

\
|
+
=
r r
U
r

2 2 2
) 2 (
1
2
1 1
2
1
+
+
|
.
|

\
|
+
|
.
|

\
|
=
r r r r

2 2
) 2 (
1
) 2 (
2 1
+
+
+
=
r r r r

2 2
) 2 (
1
2
1 1 1
+
+
|
.
|

\
|
+
=
r r r r

2 2
) 2 (
1
2
1 1 1
+
+
+
+ + =
r r r r

4.
x
x
y
ln
=
2
) 1 ( ln
1
x
x
x
x
dx
dy
|
.
|

\
|
=

2
ln 1
x
x
=
For stationary point, 0 =
dx
dy

0 ln 1 = x
e x =
When , e x =
e
e
y
ln
=

e
y
1
= There is a stationary point at
|
.
|

\
|
e
e
1
,
b)
2
ln 1
x
x
dx
dy

4
2
2
2
2 ) ln 1 (
1
x
x x
x
x
dx
y d
|
.
|

\
|

=

4
ln 2 2
x
x x x x +
=

3
3 ln 2
x
x
=
When , 3 = x
3 2
2
3 2
e dx
y d
=

3
1
e
= < 0
the stationary point
|
.
|

\
|
e
e
1
, is a maximum point.

5.
a) dx xe
x
}
4

Let x u = and
x
e
dx
dv
4
=
1 =
dx
du

x
e v
4
4
1
=
dx e xe dx xe
x x x 4 4 4
4
1
4
1
} }
=
c e xe
x x
+ =
4 4
16
1
4
1
.
b) let 2
2
+ = u x
, 2u
dx
du
= udu dx 2 =
udu u u dx x x 2 2 2 ) 2 ( 2
2 2
} }
+ + =
du u u ) 2 )( 2 (
2 2
+ =
}

du u u
2 4
4 2 + =
}

c u u + + =
3 5
3
4
5
2

c x x + + =
2
3
2
5
) 2 (
3
4
) 2 (
5
2

6. y x
dx
dy
x = +
2
2
Arrange the differential equation to the form
) ( ) ( x g y x f
dx
dy
= +
y
x
x
dx
dy 1
2 = +
x y
x dx
dy
2
1
=
|
.
|

\
|
+
,
1
) (
x
x f = x x g 2 ) ( =
The integrating factor is
1 ln ln
1
) ( 1

= = =
}
=
}

x e e e e
x x
dx
x
dx x f

|
|
.
|

\
|
}
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
}

|
|
.
|

\
|
}
dx
x
dx
x
dx
x
e x y e
x
e
dx
dy
1 1 1
2
1

}
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
}
dx
x
dx
x
xe ye
dx
d
1 1
2

}
}
=
}
dx
x
dx
x
xe ye
1 1
2

}

= dx x x x y ) ( 2 ) (
1 1

}
=

dx yx 2
1

A x yx + =

2
1

Ax x y + =
2
2

7.
...
! 3
) 2 )( 1 (
! 2
) 1 (
1 1
3 2
+ |
.
|

\
|

+ |
.
|

\
|

+ |
.
|

\
|
+ = |
.
|

\
|

n
x n n n
n
x n n
n
x
n
n
x
n

...
6
) 2 )( 1 (
2
1
1
3
2
2
+

+ = x
n
n n
x
n
n
x
Given that
2
6
) 2 )( 1 (
27
1
n
n n
=
) 2 )( 1 ( 27 6
2
= n n n
54 81 27 6
2 2
+ = n n n
0 54 81 21
2
= + n n
0 18 27 7
2
= + n n
0 ) 3 )( 6 7 ( = n n
Since n is integer, 3 = n .

27 3
1
3
1
3 2
3
x x
x
x
+ = |
.
|

\
|

( ) ... ) (
! 3
2
2
1
1
2
1
2
1
) (
! 2
1
2
1
2
1
) (
2
1
1 1
3 2
2
1
+
|
.
|

\
|
|
.
|

\
|

+
|
.
|

\
|

+ + = x x x x
...
16
1
8
1
2
1
1
3 2
+ = x x x

3
3
1 |
.
|

\
|

x
( )2
1
1 x )
27 3
1 (
3 2
x x
x + = ...)
16
1
8
1
2
1
1 (
3 2
+ x x x

3 3 2 3 2 2
27
1
6
1
3
1
8
1
2
1
16
1
8
1
2
1
1 x x x x x x x x x |
.
|

\
|
+ |
.
|

\
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
...
432
61
24
17
2
3
1
3 2
+ + = x x x

Let
10
1
= x , ( ) 10
10
3
10
3
10
9
1
2
1
2
1
= =
|
.
|

\
|
= x
...
10
1
16
1
10
1
8
1
10
1
2
1
1
10
10 3
3 2
+ |
.
|

\
|
|
.
|

\
|
|
.
|

\
|
=

16000
1
800
1
20
1
1 ~
9486875 . 0 =
162291 . 3 10 =
162 . 3 =

8. ) (
2
x b x
a
y = 0 = a
) 1 (
2
) (
2
+ = x
a
x b
a
dx
dy

ax ax ab
2
1
2
1
2
1
=
ax ab =
2
1

At ) 1 , 2 ( , ) 2 (
2
1
a ab
dx
dy
=
a ab 2
2
1
=
Turning point at (2, 1) then, 0 =
dx
dy

0 2
2
1
= a ab ..(1)
Also, 2 = x , when 1 = y
) 2 )( 2 (
2
1
1 = b a
a ab 2 1 = .(2)
From (2) a ab 2 1+ =
Substitute into (1)
0 2 ) 2 1 (
2
1
= + a a
0 2
2
1
= + a a
2
1
= a , substitute into (2)
|
.
|

\
|
=
2
1
2
2
1
1 b
1
2
1
1 = b
4 = b
4 ,
2
1
= = b a
) 4 (
4
1
x x y =
The curve cuts the axis x at 0 = x and 4 = x
Area dx x x
}
=
4
0
) 4 (
4
1

dx x x
2
4
0
4
1
}
=

4
0
3 2
12 2
(

=
x x

) 0 (
12
64
8 |
.
|

\
|
=

2
3
2
2 unit =
Volume dx y
}
=
4
0
2
t
dx x x
}
=
4
0
2 2
) 4 (
16
1
t
dx x x x ) 8 16 (
16
1
4 3 2
+ =
}
t
4
0
5 4 3
5
1
4
8
3
16
16
1
(

+ x x x t
) 0 (
5
4
) 4 ( 2
3
) 4 ( 16
16
1
5
4
3

+ = t
|
.
|

\
|
=
15
512
16
1
t
3
15
2
2 unit t