You are on page 1of 32

YOUR COMPREHENSIVE GUIDE TO BARANGAY and its OFFICIALS A community cannot thrive without leadership.

Thus every 3 years, the residents of Happy Hallow vote on their community dads and moms who are tasked to run the barangay efficiently during their term of office. Of course, you already know that your Punong Barangay or Barangay Captain and the Barangay Kagawads are voted by popular election. Your Barangay Treasurer and Barangay Secretary are appointed by the Punong Barangay. ROLES of the Barangay Under the law, the barangay, through the leaders, have the following roles: 1. Planning and implementing of the programs, policies, activities, projects of the government and the community; 2. Serving as forum for dispute for resolution; and 3. Serving as a forum for expressing the collective views of the people. SOURCES of INCOME of the Barangay No government can exist without funds. Thus, a barangays funds can come from different sources, whether the national government or their residents and their businesses. So where does the barangay get their money? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA) PhP 1, 401, 654 for Happy Hallow for 2013; Share in the real property tax collections of the city Tobacco excise tax Republic Act 7171; Proceeds from development and utilization of national wealth; Taxes on stores or retailers with fixed business establishments that have gross sales of PhP 50,000 Taxes should NOT be more than 1% of gross sales/receipts; Barangay Clearance fees; Fees for billboards, signs and signboards, and other outdoor advertisements; Fines for violations of barangay ordinances (NOT more than PhP 1,000 fine); Sale or lease of barangay property; Loans and grants secured by the barangay; Service fees for use of property and/or facility of the barangay; Revenues from operation of markets, slaughterhouses, or other public utilities and barangay enterprises; Fees imposed on recreational places charging admission fees; Toll fees; Mandatory financial aid of at least PhP 1,000 from the city government; Other fees or charges authorized by law; Voluntary donations given by public or private entities; and Other legitimate sources.

Add everything up, and that will be total barangay funds received every year. WHERE DOES the MONEY GO?

With all these money, where does the barangay spend it all? Remember that the IRAs are comprised of taxes you paid to the national government. Thus, the majority of the funds of the barangay came from YOUR OWN pocket if you are paying income tax, estate tax, donors tax, etc. Basically, the law requires that money which came from the people should be spent for the benefit of the people or for any public purpose. In general, the expenses of a barangay would include the following: 1. Fund the basic services facilities, 2. Pay for development projects, and 3. Administration expenses. Ask your barangay officials the specifics of these expenses are. They are in a better position to discuss because barangays have different expenses. Most barangays in Baguio City post their financial statements in the bulletin board to inform their constituents where the money went so that the officials will not have to repeat their answers every time someone wanted to ask. Benefits of Barangay Officials under the Law Any official, who works hard for the improvement of the barangay and fulfills his or her duties, are rewarded with monetary and non-monetary benefits under the law. Please note that your barangay officials do NOT receive salaries. However, they receive package benefits for their hard work. What exactly are these benefits? Your barangay officials receive the following: 1. Honorarium of at least PhP 1,000 per month for Barangay Captain and at least PhP 600 per month for Barangay Kagawads, Barangay Treasurer, and Barangay Secretary (meaning your barangay can increase the amounts); NOTE: Honoraria rates should NOT be more than Salary Grade 14 for the barangay captain and Salary Grade 10 for the other barangay officials. Please note that although the maximum honoraria are limited by a salary grade, barangay officials do NOT receive salaries. 2. Christmas bonus of PhP 5,000 (in cash); 3. Medical care free hospitalization in government hospitals; 4. Medical care in private hospitals provided it was made in case of extreme emergency AND the expense is NOT more than PhP 5,000 for each official deducted from the barangay funds; 5. Free tuition and other school fees if their dependents are enrolled in State schools in their area during their term only; 6. Civil service eligibility status depending on their years of service; 7. Death and burial benefits governed by Republic Act 6942, 8. Benefits due to injuries resulting from accident and due to total and permanent incapacity or disability governed by Republic Act 6942; and 9. Other benefits granted and made applicable to them by law. Limitations of the Benefits

Although the law prescribes only minimum rates of honorarium and can be adjusted from time to time, the barangay cannot just decide any amount they want. These amounts and rates are subject to limitations under the Salary Standardization Law. Thus, a barangay official cannot receive an honorarium that is more than the salary rates in their area. Barangay officials CANNOT receive the following in any form: 1. Clothing Allowances, 2. Incentive Bonuses, 3. Personal economic relief allowances, 4. Transportation allowances, 5. Representation allowances, 6. 13th month pay, 7. Anniversary bonus (EXCEPTION: Anniversary bonus may be given to APPOINTIVE officials and personnel ONLY, who served for at least 5 years, and after the barangay has been in existence for at least 15 years); 8. Hazard duty pay; Personal services are those payments made by the barangay such as salaries, wages, and other compensation of permanent, temporary, contractual, and casual employees of the barangay (Section 306 (k), Republic Act 7160). These expenses or appropriations shall NOT be more than 45% of the total budget of the barangay every year. Barangay day care and health workers are entitled to honorarium only. They are NOT entitled to cash gift. DUTIES and RESPONSIBILITIES of the PUNONG BARANGAY or Barangay Captain The Little President of the barangay is expected to keep in mind the general welfare of the barangay, and know by heart and fulfill ALL the following responsibilities: (Section 389, Republic Act 7160) 1. Enforce all laws and ordinances which are applicable within the Barangay; 2. Negotiate, enter into, and sign contracts for and in behalf of the Barangay, upon authorization of the Sangguniang Barangay; 3. Maintain public order in the Barangay and, in pursuance thereof, assist the city or municipal mayor and the sanggunian members in the performance of their duties and functions; 4. Call and preside over the sessions of the Sangguniang Barangay and the Barangay assembly, and vote only to break a tie; 5. Upon approval by a majority of all the members of the Sangguniang Barangay, appoint or replace the Barangay treasurer, the Barangay secretary, and other appointive Barangay officials; 6. Organize and lead an emergency group whenever the same may be necessary for the maintenance of peace and order or on occasions of emergency or calamity within the Barangay; 7. In coordination with the Barangay development council, prepare the annual executive and supplemental budgets of the Barangay; 8. Approve vouchers relating to the disbursement of Barangay funds; 9. Enforce laws and regulations relating to pollution control and protection of the environment; 10. Administer the operation of the Katarungang PamBarangay in accordance with law; 11. Exercise general supervision over the activities of the Sangguniang Kabataan;

12. Ensure the delivery of basic services as mandated by law; 13. Conduct an annual Palarong Barangay which shall feature traditional sports and disciplines included in national and international games, in coordination with the Department of Education, Culture and Sports; 14. Promote the general welfare of the Barangay; and 15. Exercise such other powers and perform such other duties and functions as may be prescribed by law or ordinance. So, basically, the punong barangay should serve the best interests of the barangay as a whole. He or she should not be selective in who to serve. He or she is expected to know the basics of accounting, lawmaking, commerce, taxation, and other general principles. He or she should have strong leadership traits and sound decision-making abilities. Knowledge in these areas will help ease the burden of his or her office. In his or her hand lies the future of an entire barangay. ROLES of the SANGGUNIANG BARANGAY The Sangguniang Barangay is composed of the following: 1. Punong Barangay as presiding officer; 2. Seven (7) regular Sangguniang Barangay members elected at large; and 3. Sangguniang Kabataan chairman. As a unit, the Sangguniang Barangay can be said to be the Congress of the barangay since they mainly enact laws. Under the law, these are the specific responsibilities of the Sangguniang Barangay: 1. Enact ordinances as may be necessary to discharge the responsibilities conferred upon it by law or ordinance and to promote the general welfare of the inhabitants therein; 2. Enact tax and revenue ordinances, subject to the limitations imposed by law; 3. Enact annual and supplemental budgets in accordance with law; 4. Provide for the construction and maintenance of Barangay facilities and other public works projects chargeable to the general fund of the Barangay or such other funds actually available for the purpose; 5. Submit to the Sangguniang Panlungsod or Sangguniang Bayan such suggestions or recommendations as it may see fit for the improvement of the Barangay or for the welfare of the inhabitants thereof; 6. Assist in the establishment, organization, and promotion of cooperative enterprises that will improve the economic condition and well-being of the residents; 7. Regulate the use of multi-purpose halls, multi- purpose pavements, grain or copra dryers, patios and other post-harvest facilities, Barangay waterworks, Barangay markets, parking areas or other similar facilities constructed with government funds within the jurisdiction of the Barangay and charge reasonable fees for the use thereof; 8. Solicit or accept monies, materials and voluntary labor for specific public works and cooperative enterprises of the Barangay from residents, land owners, producers and merchants in the Barangay; monies from grants-in-aid, subsidies, contributions, and revenues made available to the Barangays from national, provincial, city or municipal funds; and monies from other private agencies and individuals: Provided, however, That monies or properties donated by private agencies and individuals for specific purposes shall accrue to the Barangay as trust fund;

9. Solicit or accept, in any or all the foregoing public works and cooperative enterprises, such cooperation as is made available by national, provincial, city, or municipal agencies established by law to render financial, technical, and advisory assistance to Barangays and to Barangay residents: Provided, however, That in soliciting or accepting such cooperation, the Sangguniang Barangay need not pledge any sum of money for expenditure in excess of amounts currently in the Barangay treasury or encumbered for other purposes;

10. Provide compensation, reasonable allowances or per diems as well as travel expenses for Sangguniang Barangay members and other Barangay officials, subject to the budgetary limitations prescribed under Title Five, Book II of this Code: Provided, however, That no increase in the compensation or honoraria of the Sangguniang Barangay members shall take effect until after the expiration of the full term of all members of the Sangguniang Barangay approving such increase;

11. Hold fund-raising activities for Barangay projects without the need of securing permits from any national or local office or agency. The proceeds from such activities shall be tax-exempt and shall accrue to the general fund of the Barangay: Provided, That in the appropriation thereof, the specific purpose for which such fund-raising activity has been held shall be first satisfied: Provided, further, That no fund-raising activities shall be held within a period of sixty(60) days immediately preceding and after a national or local election, recall, referendum, or plebiscite: Provided, finally, That said fund-raising activities shall comply with national policy standards and regulations on morals, health, and safety of the persons participating therein. The Sangguniang Barangay, through the Punong Barangay, shall render a public accounting of the funds raised at the completion of the project for which the fund-raising activity was under- taken;

12. Authorize the Punong Barangay to enter into contracts in behalf of the Barangay, subject to the provisions of this Code;

13. Authorize the Barangay treasurer to make direct purchases in an amount not exceeding One thousand pesos (P1,000.00) at any one time for the ordinary and essential administrative needs of the Barangay;

14. Prescribe fines in amounts not exceeding One thousand pesos (P1,000.00) for violation of Barangay ordinances;

15. Provide for the administrative needs of the Lupong Tagapamayapa and the pangkat ng tagapagkasundo;

16. Provide for the organization of community brigades, Barangay tanod, or community service units as may be necessary;

17. Organize regular lectures, programs, or fora on community problems such as sanitation, nutrition, literacy, and drug abuse, and convene assemblies to encourage citizen participation in government;

18. Adopt measures to prevent and control the proliferation of squatters and mendicants in the Barangay;

19. Provide for the proper development and welfare of children in the Barangay by promoting and supporting activities for the protection and total development of children, particularly those below seven (7) years of age;

20. Adopt measures towards the prevention and eradication of drug abuse, child abuse, and juvenile delinquency;

21. Initiate the establishment of a Barangay high school, whenever feasible, in accordance with law;

22. Provide for the establishment of a non-formal education center in the Barangay whenever feasible, in coordination with the Department of Education, Culture and Sports,;

23. Provide for the delivery of basic services; and

24. Exercise such other powers and perform such other duties and functions as may be prescribed by law or ordinance;

25. Assist the Punong Barangay in the discharge of his duties and functions; 26. Act as peace officers in the maintenance of public order and safety; and

27. Perform such other duties and functions as the Punong Barangay may delegate. Whew! That was a very long list, but since there are a lot of members and committees created for that purpose, the barangay can surely fulfill all that heavy responsibility with organization, common sense, strong sense of responsibility, and efficient leaders. ROLES of the BARANGAY SECRETARY Please note that before the barangay captain can appoint a secretary, the barangay captain should make sure that the barangay secretary is: 1. NOT a Sangguniang Barangay member, 2. NOT a government employee, or 3. NOT a relative of the Punong Barangay within the fourth civil degree of consanguinity or affinity. The Barangay Secretary has these duties to fulfill: (Section 394, Republic Act 7160) (a) Keep custody of all records of the Sangguniang Barangay and the Barangay assembly meetings; (b) Prepare and keep the minutes of all meetings of the Sangguniang Barangay and the Barangay assembly; (c) Prepare a list of members of the Barangay assembly, and have the same posted in conspicuous places within the Barangay; (d) Assist in the preparation of all necessary forms for the conduct of Barangay elections, initiatives, referenda or plebiscites, in coordination with the Comelec; (e) Assist the municipal civil registrar in the registration of births, deaths, and marriages; (f) Keep an updated record of all inhabitants of the Barangay containing the following items of information: name, address, place and date of birth, sex, civil status, citizenship, occupation, and such other items of information as may be prescribed by law or ordinances; (g) Submit a report on the actual number of Barangay residents as often as may be required by the Sangguniang Barangay; and (h) Exercise such other powers and perform such other duties and functions as may be prescribed by law or ordinance. ROLES of the BARANGAY TREASURER Due to the enormous funds being handled by the barangay each year, the barangay treasurer has to make sure that he or she fulfills the following duties: (Section 395, Republic Act 7160) (a) Keep custody of Barangay funds and properties; (b) Collect and issue official receipts for taxes, fees, contributions, monies, materials, and all other resources accruing to the Barangay treasury and deposit the same in the account of the Barangay as provided under Title Five, Book II of Republic Act 7160; (c) Disburse funds in accordance with the financial procedures provided under Republic Act 7160; (d) Submit to the Punong Barangay a statement covering the actual and estimates of income and expenditures for the preceding and ensuing calendar years, respectively, subject to the provisions of Title Five, Book II of Republic Act 7160;

(e) Render a written accounting report of all Barangay funds and property under his custody at the end of each calendar year, and ensure that such report shall be made available to the members of the Barangay assembly and other government agencies concerned; (f) Certify as to the availability of funds whenever necessary; (g) Plan and attend to the rural postal circuit within his jurisdiction; and (h) Exercise such other powers and perform such other duties and functions as may be prescribed by law or ordinance. As you might have noticed, the law is very strict when it comes to procedures that the Barangay Treasurer has to follow. Without transparency, there will be no accountability. Your money will disappear and you will also never know who is to blame. Without transparency, say goodbye to your hard-earned money. Now that you know what your barangay and barangay official should be doing, dont forget to thank your hardworking barangay officials for their efforts to keep the barangay running smoothly. Indeed, they chose to accept all those duties and responsibilities when they ran for office. But, their jobs are still hard and the temptations they face so great. Of course, there are other officials who are not doing their jobs and look the other way. The city or national government cannot always monitor what the barangay officials do. It is our duty, then, to keep our barangay officials honest (paraphrasing Anderson Cooper). Our barangay is only as strong as the officials we put in office. Having efficient barangay officials in office will mean progress and better economic conditions. So take a look around you. Are you enjoying the barangay facilities? Are you coming home to a safe environment? Are you being required to pay the right amount of fees? Do you trust your officials? Are they worth the high taxes you paid? Are they transparent in their dealings? Do you know how they spend the money? You decide whether the officials you voted or appointed are keeping their promises and doing their responsibilities. The BARANGAY ASSEMBLY The barangay officials are not the only ones with responsibilities. YOU should do your own part, too. You are a definite member of the barangay assembly if you are: 1. An actual resident of the barangay for at least 6 months; 2. Fifteen (15) years old or over; 3. A Filipino citizen; and 4. Duly registered in the list of Barangay Assembly members. What can the Barangay Assembly Do? (a) Initiate legislative processes by recommending to the Sangguniang Barangay the adoption of measures for the welfare of the Barangay and the city or municipality concerned; (b) Decide on the adoption of initiative as a legal process whereby the registered voters of the Barangay may directly propose, enact, or amend any ordinance; and (c) Hear and pass upon the semestral report of the Sangguniang Barangay concerning its activities and finances.

Finally, did that gave you a wakeup call, Happy Hallow? SOURCES: The Local Government Code of 1991 (Republic Act No. 7160), effective January 1, 1992 Executive Order No. 332, May 16, 1996 Benefits for Barangay Officials, Jay Icamen Dejaresco, March 18, 2012 http://www.negroschronicle.com/webarchives/opinion/Benefits%20for%20barangay%20officials%20(Breathing%20Space).html Why People Covet the Barangay Chairman Post, Ryan Chua, ABS-CBN News, August 6, 2013 http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/focus/08/05/13/why-people-covet-barangay-chairman-post About Sangguniang Kabataan, http://www.lloydluna.iwarp.com/photo5.html Salary/ Benefits of Barangay Officials, Philippine Daily Inquirer, October 28, 2013 Civil Service Commission (CSC) Resolution No. 1200865 (June 14, 2012) and CSC Memorandum Circular No. 13, s. 2012 (August 2, 2012) Republic Act 6942 Sources of Income of the Barangay, Department of Budget and Management Compensation and Benefits of Barangay Officials, Department of Budget and Management Perks of Barangay Officials, Ricki Lee Mendiola, October 25, 2013, www.rappler.com/newsbreak/iq/42210-perksbarangay-officials Executive Order No. 40, s. 2011, April, 29, 2011

As appearing on website:

THINGS YOU NEED to KNOW: BARANGAYS and its OFFICIALS


Due to popular demand, I translated some of the texts into Tagalog. A community cannot thrive without leadership. Thus every 3 years, the residents of Happy Hallow vote on their community dads and moms who are tasked to run the barangay efficiently during their term of office. Of course, you already know that your Punong Barangay or Barangay Captain and the Barangay Kagawads are voted by popular election. Your Barangay Treasurer and your Barangay Secretary are appointed by the Punong Barangay.

The Barangay Under the law, the barangay, through the leaders, exist in order to accomplish:

1. Magplano and ipatupad ang mga programa, polisiya, actibidad, at mga proyekto ng

barangay at ng gobyerno,
2. Maging isang lugar para maayos ang ayawan ng kanilang mga residente; at 3. Maging isang lugar kung saan napapakinggan ang mga opinion at hinaing ng kanilang

mga people o taong pinagsisislbihan

SOURCES of INCOME of the Barangay No government can exist without funds. Thus, a barangays funds can come from different sources, whether the national government or their residents and their businesses. So where does the barangay get their money? This year, expect that Happy Hallow will receive the IRA and other moneys from different sources. Thus, more than PhP 1.5 Million is the 2013 Happy Hallow Budget. That is for this year only. When 2014 comes, the Happy Hallow IRA would increase. According to the Department of Budget and Management, the barangays receives IRA every month. Add ALL these up, and that will be total barangay funds received every year: 1. Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA) PhP 1, 401, 654 for Happy Hallow for 2013; 2. Share in the real property tax collections of the city; 3. Tobacco excise tax Republic Act 7171; 4. Proceeds from development and utilization of national wealth; 5. Taxes on stores or retailers with fixed business establishments that have gross sales of PhP 50,000 Taxes should NOT be more than 1% of gross sales/receipts; 6. Barangay Clearance fees; 7. Fees for billboards, signs and signboards, and other outdoor advertisements; 8. Fines for violations of barangay ordinances (NOT more than PhP 1,000 fine); 9. Sale or lease of barangay property; 10. Loans and grants secured by the barangay; 11. Service fees for use of property and/or facility of the barangay; 12. Revenues from operation of markets, slaughterhouses, or other public utilities and barangay enterprises; 13. Fees imposed on recreational places charging admission fees; 14. Toll fees, if any; 15. Mandatory financial aid of at least PhP 1,000 from the city government; 16. Other fees or charges authorized by law; 17. Voluntary donations given by public or private entities; and 18. Other legitimate sources. WHERE DOES the MONEY GO? With all these money, where does the barangay spend it all? Remember that the IRAs are comprised of taxes you paid to the national government. Thus, the majority of the funds of the barangay came from YOUR OWN pocket if you are paying income tax, estate tax, donors tax, etc. Sabi ng batas, ang inyong barangay secretary at barangay treasurer ay kailangang MAG-REPORT sa mga residente ang lahat ng pera na ibinigay sa barangay at lahat ng mga gastos or kung saan ito

napunta. Kahit minsan sa isang taon, ang report na ito ay dapat malaman ng mga taga-barangay. Kung sino man ang hindi sumunod dito ay pwedeng patulan ng kauukulang parusa gaya ng pagtanggal sa pwesto ng mga taong responsable sa hindi pag-report, pagbayad ng fines, at iba pa. Basically, the law requires that money which came from the people should be spent for the benefit of the people or for any public purpose. In general, the expenses of a barangay would include the following: 1. 2. 3. Fund the basic services facilities, Pay for development projects, and Administration expenses.

Ask your barangay officials the specifics of these projects, facilities, and expenses are. They are in a better position to discuss because each barangay is different when it comes to how much and where these expenses belong to. Most barangays in Baguio City post their financial statements in the bulletin board to inform their constituents where the money went so that the officials will not have to repeat their answers every time someone wanted to ask. Benefits of Barangay Officials under the Law Any official, who works hard for the improvement of the barangay and fulfills his or her duties, are rewarded with monetary and non-monetary benefits under the law. Please note that your barangay officials do NOT receive salaries. However, they receive package benefits for their hard work. What exactly are these benefits? Your barangay officials receive the following: 1. Honorarium of at least PhP 1,000 per month for Barangay Captain and at least PhP 600 per month for Barangay Kagawads, Barangay Treasurer, and Barangay Secretary (meaning your barangay can increase the amounts); NOTE: Honoraria rates should NOT be more than Salary Grade 14 (more or less PhP 20,000) for the barangay captain and Salary Grade 10 (more or less PhP 17,000) for the other barangay officials. Please note that although the maximum honoraria are limited by a salary grade, barangay officials do NOT receive salaries. 2. Christmas bonus of PhP 5,000 (in cash); 3. Medical care free hospitalization in government hospitals; 4. Medical care in private hospitals provided it was made in case of extreme emergency AND the expense is NOT more than PhP 5,000 for each official deducted from the barangay funds; 5. Free tuition and other school fees if their dependents are enrolled in State schools in their area during their term only; 6. Civil service eligibility status depending on their years of service; 7. Death and burial benefits governed by Republic Act 6942, 8. Benefits due to injuries resulting from accident and due to total and permanent incapacity or disability governed by Republic Act 6942; and 9. Other benefits granted and made applicable to them by law. Limitations of the Benefits Although the law prescribes only minimum rates of honorarium and can be adjusted from time to time, the barangay cannot just decide any amount they want. These amounts and rates are subject to limitations under the Salary Standardization Law. Thus, a barangay official cannot receive an honorarium that is more than the salary rates in their area. Barangay officials CANNOT receive the following in any form (kahit iniba man ang pangalan ng expense

na nasa financial report, hindi pwedeng makatanggap ang mga barangay official ng alin man sa mga sumusunod):

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Clothing Allowances, Incentive Bonuses, Personal economic relief allowances, Transportation allowances, Representation allowances, 13th month pay, Anniversary bonus (EXCEPTION: Anniversary bonus ay pwedeng ibigay sa mga APPOINTIVE officials and personnel ONLY gaya ng barangay secretary at treasurer na nanilbihan ng limang (5) taon o higit pa sa isang barangay na in existence for at least 15 years); 8. Hazard duty pay; and 9. Other monetary benefits not allowed under the law.

Personal services are those payments made by the barangay such as salaries, wages, and other compensation of permanent, temporary, contractual, and casual employees of the barangay (Section 306 (k), Republic Act 7160). Ang mga kabuuan ng mga sweldong ito ay hindi dapat hihigit sa 45% ng buong budget sa isang taon. These expenses or appropriations shall NOT be more than 45% of the total budget of the barangay every year. Barangay day care and health workers are entitled to honorarium only. They are NOT entitled to cash gift. THE PUNONG BARANGAY or Barangay Captain Basically, the punong barangay should serve the best interests of the barangay as a whole. He or she should not be selective in who to serve. He or she is expected to know the basics of accounting, lawmaking, commerce, taxation, and other general principles. He or she should have strong leadership traits and sound decision-making abilities. Knowledge in these areas will help ease the burden of his or her office. In his or her hand lies the future of an entire barangay. The Little President of the barangay is expected to keep in mind the general welfare of the barangay, and know by heart and fulfill ALL the following responsibilities: (Section 389, Republic Act 7160) 1. Enforce all laws and ordinances which are applicable within the Barangay; 2. Negotiate, enter into, and sign contracts for and in behalf of the Barangay, upon authorization of the Sangguniang Barangay; 3. Maintain public order in the Barangay and, in pursuance thereof, assist the city or municipal mayor and the sanggunian members in the performance of their duties and functions; 4. Call and preside over the sessions of the Sangguniang Barangay and the Barangay assembly, and vote only to break a tie; 5. Upon approval by a majority of all the members of the Sangguniang Barangay, appoint or replace the Barangay treasurer, the Barangay secretary, and other appointive Barangay officials; 6. Organize and lead an emergency group whenever the same may be necessary for the maintenance of peace and order or on occasions of emergency or calamity within the Barangay; 7. In coordination with the Barangay development council, prepare the annual executive and supplemental budgets of the Barangay; 8. Approve vouchers relating to the disbursement of Barangay funds; 9. Enforce laws and regulations relating to pollution control and protection of the environment; 10. Administer the operation of the Katarungang PamBarangay in accordance with law; 11. Exercise general supervision over the activities of the Sangguniang Kabataan; 12. Ensure the delivery of basic services as mandated by law;

13. Conduct an annual Palarong Barangay which shall feature traditional sports and disciplines included in national and international games, in coordination with the Department of Education, Culture and Sports; 14. Promote the general welfare of the Barangay; and 15. Exercise such other powers and perform such other duties and functions as may be prescribed by law or ordinance. THE BARANGAY SECRETARY Please note that before the barangay captain can appoint a secretary and a treasurer, the barangay captain should make sure that both are: 1. 2. 3. NOT a Sangguniang Barangay member, NOT a government employee, or NOT a relative of the Punong Barangay within the fourth civil degree of consanguinity or affinity.

The Barangay Secretary has these duties to fulfill: (Section 394, Republic Act 7160)

1. Keep custody of all records of the Sangguniang Barangay and the Barangay assembly meetings; 2. Prepare and keep the minutes of ALL meetings of the Sangguniang Barangay and the Barangay assembly; 3. Prepare a LIST of members of the Barangay assembly, and have the same POSTED in conspicuous places within the Barangay; 4. Assist in the preparation of all necessary forms for the conduct of Barangay elections, initiatives, referenda or plebiscites, in coordination with the COMELEC; 5. Assist the municipal civil registrar in the registration of births, deaths, and marriages; 6. Keep an UPDATED record of all inhabitants of the Barangay containing the following items of information: name, address, place and date of birth, sex, civil status, citizenship, occupation, and such other items of information as may be prescribed by law or ordinances; 7. Submit a REPORT on the actual number of Barangay residents as often as may be required by the Sangguniang Barangay; and 8. Exercise such other powers and perform such other duties and functions as may be prescribed by law or ordinance.

THE BARANGAY TREASURER The first thing that comes to mind when thinking about the barangay treasurer is that he or she holds the barangay funds. But, you should also know that the treasurer does not only hold the funds, but he or she is required under the law to INFORM the barangay residents where those funds went every year. As you will notice, the law is very strict when it comes to procedures that the Barangay Treasurer has to follow. Without transparency, there will be no accountability. Your money will disappear and you will also never know who is to blame. Without transparency, say goodbye to your hard-earned money. Due to the enormous funds being handled by the barangay each year, the barangay treasurer has to make sure that he or she fulfills the following duties: (Section 395, Republic Act 7160)

1. Keep custody of Barangay funds and properties;

2. Collect and issue official receipts for taxes, fees, contributions, monies, materials, and all other resources accruing to the Barangay treasury and deposit the same in the account of the Barangay as provided under Title Five, Book II of Republic Act 7160; 3. Disburse funds in accordance with the financial procedures provided under Republic Act 7160; 4. Submit to the Punong Barangay a statement covering the actual and estimates of income and expenditures for the preceding and ensuing calendar years, respectively, subject to the provisions of Title Five, Book II of Republic Act 7160; 5. Render a WRITTEN accounting report of all Barangay funds and property under his custody at the end of each calendar year, and ensure that such report shall be made available to the members of the Barangay assembly and other government agencies concerned; 6. Certify as to the availability of funds whenever necessary; 7. Plan and attend to the rural postal circuit within his jurisdiction; and 8. Exercise such other powers and perform such other duties and functions as may be prescribed by law or ordinance.

THE SANGGUNIANG BARANGAY The Sangguniang Barangay is composed of the following: 1. 2. 3. Punong Barangay as presiding officer; Seven (7) regular Sangguniang Barangay members elected at large; and Sangguniang Kabataan chairman.

As a unit, the Sangguniang Barangay can be said to be the Congress of the barangay since they mainly enact laws. Under the law, these are the specific responsibilities of the Sangguniang Barangay: 1. Enact ordinances as may be necessary to discharge the responsibilities conferred upon it by law or ordinance and to promote the general welfare of the inhabitants therein; 2. Enact tax and revenue ordinances, subject to the limitations imposed by law; 3. Enact annual and supplemental budgets in accordance with law; 4. Provide for the construction and maintenance of Barangay facilities and other public works projects chargeable to the general fund of the Barangay or such other funds actually available for the purpose; 5. Submit to the Sangguniang Panlungsod or Sangguniang Bayan such suggestions or recommendations as it may see fit for the improvement of the Barangay or for the welfare of the inhabitants thereof; 6. Assist in the establishment, organization, and promotion of cooperative enterprises that will improve the economic condition and well-being of the residents; 7. Regulate the use of multi-purpose halls, multi- purpose pavements, grain or copra dryers, patios and other post-harvest facilities, Barangay waterworks, Barangay markets, parking areas or other similar facilities constructed with government funds within the jurisdiction of the Barangay and charge reasonable fees for the use thereof; 8. Solicit or accept monies, materials and voluntary labor for specific public works and cooperative enterprises of the Barangay from residents, land owners, producers and merchants in the Barangay; monies from grants-in-aid, subsidies, contributions, and revenues made available to the Barangays from national, provincial, city or municipal funds; and monies from other private agencies and individuals: Provided, however, That monies or properties donated by private agencies and individuals for specific purposes shall accrue to the Barangay as trust fund; 9. Solicit or accept, in any or all the foregoing public works and cooperative enterprises, such cooperation as is made available by national, provincial, city, or municipal agencies established by law to render financial, technical, and advisory assistance to Barangays and to Barangay residents: Provided, however, That in soliciting or accepting such cooperation, the Sangguniang Barangay need not pledge any sum of money for expenditure in excess of amounts currently in the Barangay treasury or encumbered for other purposes; 10. Provide compensation, reasonable allowances or per diems as well as travel expenses for

Sangguniang Barangay members and other Barangay officials, subject to the budgetary limitations prescribed under Title Five, Book II of this Code: Provided, however, That no increase in the compensation or honoraria of the Sangguniang Barangay members shall take effect until after the expiration of the full term of all members of the Sangguniang Barangay approving such increase; 11. Hold fund-raising activities for Barangay projects without the need of securing permits from any national or local office or agency.

The proceeds from such activities shall be tax-exempt and shall accrue to the general fund of the Barangay In the appropriation thereof, the specific purpose for which such fundraising activity has been held shall be first satisfied NO fund-raising activities shall be held within a period of sixty(60) days immediately preceding and after a national or local election, recall, referendum, or plebiscite Said fund-raising activities shall comply with national policy standards and regulations on morals, health, and safety of the persons participating therein. The Sangguniang Barangay, through the Punong Barangay, shall render a PUBLIC ACCOUNTING OF the funds raised at the completion of the project for which the fund-raising activity was under- taken;

12. Authorize the Punong Barangay to enter into contracts in behalf of the Barangay, subject to the provisions of this Code; 13. Authorize the Barangay treasurer to make direct purchases in an amount NOT exceeding P1,000.00 at any one time for the ordinary and essential administrative needs of the Barangay; 14. Prescribe fines in amounts not exceeding P1,000.00 for violation of Barangay ordinances; 15. Provide for the administrative needs of the Lupong Tagapamayapa and the pangkat ng tagapagkasundo; 16. Provide for the organization of community brigades, Barangay tanod, or community service units as may be necessary; 17. Organize regular lectures, programs, or fora on community problems such as sanitation, nutrition, literacy, and drug abuse, and convene assemblies to encourage citizen participation in government; 18. Adopt measures to prevent and control the proliferation of squatters and mendicants in the Barangay; 19. Provide for the proper development and welfare of children in the Barangay by promoting and supporting activities for the protection and total development of children, particularly those below seven (7) years of age; 20. Adopt measures towards the prevention and eradication of drug abuse, child abuse, and juvenile delinquency; 21. Initiate the establishment of a Barangay high school, whenever feasible, in accordance with law; 22. Provide for the establishment of a non-formal education center in the Barangay whenever feasible, in coordination with the Department of Education, Culture and Sports,; 23. Provide for the delivery of basic services; and 24. Exercise such other powers and perform such other duties and functions as may be prescribed by law or ordinance; 25. Assist the Punong Barangay in the discharge of his duties and functions; 26. Act as peace officers in the maintenance of public order and safety; and 27. Perform such other duties and functions as the Punong Barangay may delegate. Whew! That was a very long list, but since there are a lot of members and committees created for that purpose, the barangay can surely fulfill all that heavy responsibility with organization, common sense,

strong sense of responsibility, and efficient leaders. Now that you know what your barangay and barangay official should be doing, dont forget to thank your hardworking barangay officials for their efforts to keep the barangay running smoothly. Indeed, they chose to accept all those duties and responsibilities when they ran for office. But, their jobs are still hard and the temptations they face so great. Of course, there are other officials who are not doing their jobs and look the other way. The city or national government cannot always monitor what the barangay officials do. It is our duty, then, to keep our barangay officials honest (paraphrasing Anderson Cooper). Our barangay is only as strong as the officials we put in office. Having efficient barangay officials in office will mean progress and better economic conditions. So take a look around you. Are you enjoying the barangay facilities? Are you coming home to a safe environment? Are you being required to pay the right amount of fees? Do you trust your officials? Are they worth the high taxes you paid? Are they transparent in their dealings? Do you know how they spend the money? You decide whether the officials you voted or appointed are keeping their promises and doing their responsibilities. The BARANGAY ASSEMBLY The barangay officials are not the only ones with responsibilities. YOU should do your own part, too. You are a definite member of the barangay assembly if you are:

1. 2. 3. 4.

An actual resident of the barangay for at least 6 months; Fifteen (15) years old or over; A Filipino citizen; and Duly registered in the list of Barangay Assembly members.

What can the Barangay Assembly Do? Under the Local Government Code, you can take part in making the barangay budget. Yes, you certainly got a say as to where the money of the barangay could be spent. What else? Well, the law say that as a member of the Barangay Assembly, you can: (Section 398)

1. Initiate legislative processes by recommending to the Sangguniang Barangay the adoption of measures for the welfare of the Barangay and the city or municipality concerned; 2. Decide on the adoption of initiative as a legal process whereby the registered voters of the Barangay may directly propose, enact, or amend any ordinance; and 3. Hear and pass upon the semestral report of the Sangguniang Barangay concerning its activities and finances.

Finally, did that gave you a wakeup call, Happy Hallow? Let's do our part to make this beautiful place a community to be proud of.

SOURCES: The Local Government Code of 1991 (Republic Act No. 7160), effective January 1, 1992

Executive Order No. 332, May 16, 1996 Benefits for Barangay Officials, Jay Icamen Dejaresco, http://www.negroschronicle.com/webarchives/opinion/Benefits%20for%20barangay%20officials%20(Breathing%20Space).html , March 18, 2012 Why People Covet the Barangay Chairman Post, Ryan Chua, ABS-CBN News, August 6, 2013 http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/focus/08/05/13/why-people-covet-barangay-chairman-post Salary/ Benefits of Barangay Officials, Philippine Daily Inquirer, October 28, 2013 Civil Service Commission (CSC) Resolution No. 1200865 (June 14, 2012) and CSC Memorandum Circular No. 13, s. 2012 (August 2, 2012) An Act Increasing the Insurance Benefits of Local Government Officials and Providing Funds Therefore (Republic Act No. 6942), April 4 1990 Sources of Income of the Barangay, Department of Budget and Management Compensation and Benefits of Barangay Officials, Department of Budget and Management Perks of Barangay Officials, Ricki Lee perks-barangay-officials endiola, October , , ww.rappler.com newsbreak iq -

Executive Order No. 40, s. 2011, April, 29, 2011