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M/s SHREE DIGVIJAY CEMENT CO.

LIMITED
1X8.25 MW CEMENT PLANT WHR POWER
PLANT
AT
SIKKA, GUJARAT
EARTHING SIZING CALCULATION
DOC NO: TESPL-CCE-10106-890-EL-4-0001 Rev.01

EPC CONTRACTOR

M/s TRANSPARENT ENERGY SYSTEMS


PRIVATE LTD, PUNE
MAHARASHTRA

ENGINEERING CONSULTANT

CETHAR
CONSULTING ENGINEERS (P) LTD.
No.672/476, 8TH FLOOR, TEMPLE TOWER

NANDANAM, CHENNAI- 600 035, INDIA.

1.0

Design Basis :

a) Max. Fault current

50 KA for 1 Sec at 415V.

40 KA for 1 Sec at 11KV.

b) Duration of fault current

1 sec

c) Max. Earth resistivity ( )

40 ohm- meter

d) Type of joint

Welded

e) Reference

IS 3043 1987/IEEE 80.

f) Type of conductor

Galvanized Iron

Considering 3 phase fault current = single line ground fault current


Hence 50KA ground fault current is considered for grid design.
2.0

Determination of size of Earth Grid conductor

2.1 The size of Earth grid conductor is calculated as per IEEE 80.

2
mm

1
=Ix
TCAP x 10-4

Ko + Tm

ln

t c x r x r

Ko + Ta

Tr - Reference temperature for material constants


Amm2 - Minimum conductor cross sectional area in mm2
r Thermal coefficient of Resistivity at reference temp.
Tm Fusing temperature at conductor for welded joints
Ta Ambient temperature
Ko = (1/r)-Tr
r Resistivity of ground conductor at reference temp.
TCAP thermal capacity per unit volume
tc Time duration for sizing of earth mat conductor
I current for sizing earth mat conductor

= 20 C
= 0.00423 1/C
= 620 C
= 50 C
= 216.41
= 15
= 3.749
=1
= 50

50 x 1

Amm2 =

3.749 x 10-4
1x0.00423x15

216.4 + 620
ln

216.4 + 50

= 608.2 mm2
Conductor selected is 75 x 10 mm GI flat whose area is 750 mm2 and it is sufficient
enough to withstand the fault current.
Page 2 of 4

2.2 Design of Ground grid.


Max. Spacing between grid conductor = 3 m
Estimated length of conductor = 635 m
2.3 Earth mat area
L Length of conductor buried in CPP area

= (2 x 60 = 120) +
(5 X 18 = 90) +
(6 X 30.7 = 185) +
(5 X 48 = 240)
= 635

H Depth of buried conductor in CPP area


A Area ccupied by conductor buried in CPP area

= 0.6 m
= (60 x 18 = 1080) +
= (30.7 X 48 = 1473.6)
= 2554 m2

Rg = ((1 / LT) + (1/Sqrt (20xA) x (1+1/ (1+h sqrt (20/A))


Rg = 40x ((1 / 635) + (1/sqrt (20x2554) x (1+1/ (1+0.6x sqrt (20/2554)
Rg = 40 x (0.00157 + 0.0044 x 1.949)
Rg = 0.40 ohm
2.4 Resistance of earth electrode
Resistance (Re) is given by formula

Re = 1/n ((100 x /2x3.14xL) ln (4L/d)


Re Resistance of earth electrode
n Number of earth pits
= 30
Soil resistivity
= 40 ohm-m
L Length of electrode
= 300 cm
d Diameter of electrode
= 5.08 cm
Re = 1/30 ((100x40/2x3.14x300) ln (4x300/5.08)
Re = 0.386
Re = 0.386 ohm

Page 3 of 4

2.5 Determination of grid resistance by below formula


1/R = 1/Rg + 1/Re
Rg = 1.014 ohm
Re = 0.9667 ohm
1
--R

1
------0.40

1
-----0.386

R = 0.197 ohm
Result
Since the grid resistance value is less than one ohm. Hence the selected earth electrode,
mat area and quantity of earth pit are sufficient for our application.

Note: We have not considered the TOUCH AND STEP POTENTIAL calculation since
The same calculation is required for Switch yard earthing only as per the IEEE 80.

Page 4 of 4