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M.Sc. (Tech.) Geophysics Department of Geophysics, Banaras Hindu University


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Semester+ I %ourse %ode GPM 101 GPM 102 GPM 103 GPM 104 GPM 10 GPM 10! GPM 10" GPM10'M Tit-e Elements of Geology General Meteorology Numerical Methods and Computer Programming Practical based on course GPM101 Practical based on course GPM102 Practical based on Computer Programming E#cursion $ %our &eport Minor Electi)e* +undamentals of Meteorology (for students of other PG programmers) ( Minor Electi)e (for Geophysics students) TotaSemester+ II %ourse %ode Tit-e GPM 201 Geohydrology GPM 202 Geoe#ploration $ ,ur)eying GPM 203 ,tratigraphy- Economic and Petroleum Geology GPM 204 ,olid Earth Geophysics GPM 20 Practical based on course GPM201 GPM 20! Practical based on course GPM202 GPM 20" Practical based on course GPM203 GPM20'M Minor Electi)e* General Geophysics .for students of other PG programmers/ ( Minor Electi)e .for Geophysics students/ TotaSemester+ III %ourse %ode Tit-e GPM 301 ,eismology 0ny one combinations of t1o courses of Group 0 . Exploration Geophysics): (GPM302A GPM30!A) or Group " (Meteorology): (GPM302" GPM30!") GPM 3020 Geoelectrical Methods GPM 3022 0gricultural Meteorology GPM 303 0 ,eismic Methods GPM 3032 Climatology GPM 3040 Practical based on course GPM3020 GPM 3042 Practical based on course GPM3022 GPM 30 0 Practical based on course GPM3030 GPM 30 2 Practical based on course GPM3032 GPM 30!0 Geophysical +ield %raining .GPM30!03GPM30!2/ GPM 30!2 GPM 30" Practical based on course GPM301 GPM 30'M Minor Electi)e* +undamentals of Geoe#ploration (for students of other PG programmers) ( Minor Electi)e (for Geophysics students) TotaSemester+ I' %ourse %ode Tit-e GPM401 Mathematical Methods in Geophysics GPM402 Petroleum Geophysics $ ,tratigraphy GPM403 4nstrumentation $ ,ignal Processing 0ny one of the corresponding combination of four courses of Group 0 ( GPM#0#A GPM #0$A) or Group " ( GPM#0#" GPM #0$") %redits 4 4 4 2 2 2 2 3 (. %redits 4 4 4 4 2 2 2 3 (/ %redits 4 4 4 2 2 2 2 3 (. %redits 4 4 3

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Gra)ity and Magnetic Methods 5ynamic Meteorology 6ell 7ogging $ reser)oir Geophysics Physical Meteorology Practical based on course GPM4040 Practical based on course GPM4042 Practical based on course GPM40 0 Practical based on course GPM40 2 TotaSemester+ ' %ourse %ode Tit-e GPM 01 0d)anced Computer Programming GPM 02 Communication %heory 0ny one of the corresponding combination of four courses of Group 0 ( GPM%03A GPM %0!A) or Group " ( GPM%03" GPM %0!") GPM 030 Geoelectromagnetic Methods GPM 032 ,ynoptic and %ropical Meteorology GPM 040 5igital Electronics $ Microprocessor GPM 042 0d)anced 5ynamic Meteorology GPM 0 0 Practical based on course GPM 030 GPM 0 2 Practical based on course GPM 032 GPM 0!0 Practical based on course GPM 040 GPM 0!2 Practical based on course GPM 042 GPM 0" Practical based on course GPM 01 GPM 0' Practical on Geophysical 5ata Processing TotaSemester+ 'I %ourse %ode Tit-e GPM!01 Physical 8ceanography and Marine Geophysics GPM!02 8ne of the Electi)e courses .GPM!02P to GPM!02:/ .P/ .P9:/ 0d)anced ;ydrology < .=/ 0d)anced ,eismology < > &emote ,ensing and G4, < .,/ En)ironmental Geophysics < .%/ Geomagnetism < .?/ Non9linear ,ystem in Geophysics < .@/ Geo tomography and Computer modeling < .6/ Modern %echniAues in ,eismic 4nterpretation and mitigation < .B/ 0d)anced Physical Meteorology < .C/ 0pplied Meteorology < .:/ 0d)anced ClimatologyD GPM!03 ,eminar . in the respecti)e specialiEation Groups / GPM!040 Comprehensi)e )i)a9)oce . GPM!0403GPM!042/ GPM!042 GPM!0 0 ProFect 1orG35issertation .Corresponding specialiEation Group GPM!0 2 03Group 2/ TotaGrand Tota-

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1 MD,cD .%echD/ Geophysics students 1ill opt 3 Minor Electi)es .3 credits each in semester 4- 44 and 444/ offered by other PG Programmes of the +acultyD "!T$2 1D ,tudents of ,emester H 4@ 1ill initiate dissertation3 proFect 1orG during summer )acation at laboratories outside @aranasi- if reAuiredD 2D ,tudents of ,emester9 44 1ill carry out summer %raining at different laboratories outside @aranasiD if desired by the students 3D ,tudents of ,emester H 444 1ill carry out their +ield %raining during the ,emester 2reaGD 4D +or dissertation 1orG the co9super)isor.s/ be allo1ed for the outside organiEationD

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M.Sc. (Tech.) Geophysics %ourses %he MD,cD .%echD/ Geophysics course 1ill ha)e the follo1ing academic structure of the syllabus 1ith regard to the paper distribution o)er the entire three year courses .si# semesters/D %ontents of Sy--a3us of M.Sc. (Tech.) Geophysics %ourse (Semester System) S$M$ST$ +I G4M0)02 $5$M$"TS !# G$!5G6 %redits2 7

1D Physical and ,tructural Geology* 4ntroduction to geology- scope- subdisciplines and relationships 1ith other branches of science- 1eathering agents- landslides and )olcanic acti)ity- &epresentation of altitude- 5ip and striGe-outcrops- outlier and inlier- +oldsfaults- unconformities- Foints and their classification- criteria of their recognitionclinometer compass and its useD 2D Mineralogy* Mineral H its definition and mode of occurrence- physical properties of minerals liGe form- colour- lustre- streaG- clea)age-fracture-hardness and specific gra)ity- Physical characters and chemical composition of the follo1ing rocG forming minerals * =uartE- 8rthoclase- Microcline- Plagioclase - Nepheline- Musco)ite-2iotite0ugite- ;ornblende- 8li)ine- Garnet- Epidote- Calcite and 2eryl- graphite- tourmalilnetalc- Iaolinite- Iyanite and CorundumD 3D Perology * &ocG9 its definition- classification and distinguishing characteristics of 4gneous- ,edimentary and Metamorphic rocGs forms of 4gneous rocGs- elementary ideas regarding formation- te#ture and structure of 4gneous- ,edimentary and Metamorphic rocGs- brief petrographic description and occurrences of the follo1ing rocGs* Granite- ,yenite- Gabbro- &hyolite- 5olerite- 2asalt- Conglomerate- 2reccia,andstone- 7imestone- ,hale- Gneiss- ,chist- =uartEite and Marble- +ormation of rocGs in plate tectonic settingsD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D D !D "D 2erry $ Mason * Mineralogy 2illings * ,tructural Geology MuGherFee * 0 %e#t 2ooG of Geology &ead $ &utleyJs * Elements of Mineralogy ,ingh * ,tuctural Geology* 0 Practical 0pproach ,mith * Minerals and Microscope %yrrell * Principles of Petrology %redits2 7

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1D 4nstrumentation* ,urface- self recording and upper air meteorological instruments .mercury and aneroid barometer- barograph- air thermmeters-bimetallic thermographpsychrometer- hair hygrograph- cup anemometer- 5ines pressure tube anemographordinary and recording rain gauges- nephoscope- sunshine recorderD 2D Composition and structure of the atmosphereD 3D E)aporation- condensation- fog- cloud and precipitation- thunderstorm- supercell and multi cell structure- tornadoD 4D %hermodynamics* %hermodynamic principles- properties of dry and moist air- adiabatic processes- hydrostatic stability and instability- parcel method- tephigramD

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D &adiation* ,olar and terrestrial radiation- la1s of radiation- green house effect,impsonKs method of computing long 1a)e radiation flu#- heat balance of the earth and its atmosphereD !D 6ind ,ystem* Geostrophic 1ind- gradient 1ind- thermal 1ind- cyclostrophic 1ind and inertial 1ind- land and sea breeEes- mountain and )alley 1indsD "D 0ir masses- front- Fet streamD E#tra tropical and tropical cyclones and anticyclones1estern disturbancesD 'D General Circulation of the 0tmosphere* NDED 0nd ,D6D Monsoon- seasonsD LD Principles of 1eather forecastingD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D D !D "D 'D 2yers* General Meteorology 4@ edition Cole * 4ntroduction to Meteorology Pettersen* 4ntroduction to Meteorology 2anerFee $ ?padhyay* Mausam @igyan 7utgens $ %arbucG* the atmosphere* 0n 4ntroduction to Meteorology &ama ,astry* 6eather and 6eather +orecasting 5as* the Monsoons 6allace and ;obbs* Meteorology and 4ntroductory ,ur)ey

G4M0).2 "UM$ I%&5 M$TH!DS &"D %!M4UT$ 4 !G &MMI"G %redits2 7 1D Numerical Methods* ,olution of algebraic and transcendental eAuations- bisection and Ne1ton9&aphson methods- solution of simultaneous linear eAuations- matri# in)ersion method- interpolation- Ne1ton and 7agrange formula- numerical differentiationnumerical integration- ,impson- trapeEoidal and Gaussian Auadrature methods- least sAuare cur)e fitting- straight line and polynomial fits- numerical solution of ordinary differential eAuation- Euler and &unga9Iutta methods- finite difference methodsD 2D Computer Programming* 7o1 le)el and high le)el languages- o)er)ie1 of compilersinterpreters and operating systems- problem sol)ing on a computer- algorithms and flo1 charts integer and floating point arithmetic- +ortran preliminaries- constants)ariables- data types and e#pressions- built in functions- e#ecutable and non9e#ecutable statements assignment- control and input 3output statements- subroutines and functionsoperations 1ith filesD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D D !D ,astry* 4ntroductory Methods of Numerical 0nalysis Main- 4yengar $ Main* Numerical Methods for ,cientific and Engineering Computation &aFa &aman* Numerical 0nalysis &aFa &aman* +undamentals of Computers &aFa &aman* +ortran Programming &am Iumar* Programming 1ith +ortran "" %redits2 (

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Clinometer compass and its use for determination of dip and striGe of different bedsD Geological problems on slope- dip and thicGness of the bedsD 5ra1ing of geological sections of the gi)en mapsD ,tudy of the physical properties pf rocG forming minerals .gi)en in theory syllabus/D Megascopic study of rocGs gi)en in theory syllabusD %redits2 (

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1D +amiliariEation 1ith meteorological instruments and record surface meteorological obser)ationsD 2D ,tudy of surface 1eather and upper air codesD 3D E#ercises in coding and decodingD 4D E#ercises in plotting station modelsD G4M0):2 4 &%TI%&5 B&D$D !" %!M4UT$ 4 !G&MMI"G %redits2 (

%o 1rite and e#ecute computer programs in +8&%&0N language for the follo1ing problems* 1D 2D 3D 4D D !D ,olution of transcendental or polynomial eAuation by Ne1ton &aphson methodsD Numerical integration using ,impson3Gaussian Auadrature methodD ,olution of first order differential eAuation using &unga9Iutta methodD 7inear cur)e fitting and calculation of linear correlation coefficientsD Matri# in)ersion and solution of simultaneous eAuationsD Numerical first order differentiation of a gi)enD $4! T %redits2 (

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5uring the first ,emester- the students 1ill be reAuired to )isit some geophysical establishments and laboratories in the country to acAuaint themsel)es 1ith )arious geophysical acti)ities and submit the tour report to the tour 4n9chargeD %he )isit may be arranged during the intra3inter ,emester breaGD G4M0)*M2 #U"D&M$"T&5S !# M$T$! 5!G6 %redits2 .

1D Composition and structure of the atmosphereD 2D E)aporation- condensation- fog- cloud- precipitation and thunderstormD 3D %hermodynamic* %hermodynamic principles- properties of dry and moist air- adiabatic processes- hydrostatic stability and instability- parcel methodD 4D &adiation* ,olar and terrestrial radiation- definitions- la1s of radiation- albedo- green house effectD D 7ocal 1inds* 7and and sea breeEes- mountain and )alley 1inds- anabatic and Gatabatic 1inds- foehn or ChinooGD !D Condensation- precipitation- air masses- front- Fet stream- e#tra9tropical and tropical cyclones- 1estern disturbances- anticyclones- tornadoD "D General Circulation of the 0tmosphere* NDED 0nd ,D6D Monsoon- seasons- climate and 1eatherD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D D !D 2yers* General Meteorology 4@ edition Cole* 4ntroduction to Meteorology Pettersen* 4ntroduction to Meteorology 2anerFee $ ?padhyay* Mausam @igyan 7utgens $ %arbucG* %he 0tmosphere* 0n 4ntroduction to Meteorology 5as* %he Monsoon S$M$ST$ +II G4M()02 G$!H6D !5!G6 %redits2 7

1D ;ydrology cycle- origin of ground1ater- subsurface distribution of 1ater- springsD

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2D ;ydrology Properties of 6ater 2earing Materials* Porosity- )oid radio- permeabilitytransmissi)ity- storati)ity- specific yield- specific retention- diffusi)ity- laboratory methods of determination of permeabilityD 3D Mode of occurrence of ground1ater - classification of rocG 1ith respect to their 1ater bearing characteristics- aAuifers- aAuicludes- aAuitards- classification of aAuifers and ground1ater pro)incesD 4D Mo)ement of ground1ater and aAuifer performance tests- 5arcyNs la1 and its range of )alidity- theory of ground1ater flo1 under steady and unsteady conditionsdetermination of permeability- transmissi)ity and storati)ity by discharging methodsD D Precipitation- e)aporation- e)apotranspiration- seepage- infiltration and runoffD !D Ground1ater e#ploration- surface geological and geophysical methods of e#plorationand subsurface geophysical methodsD "D ;ydro9geochemistry* Physical and Chemical characteristics of ground1aterclassification of ground1ater in respect to domestic- irrigation and industrial usepollution of ground1aterD 'D Ground 6ater E#ploration and Management* Natural and artificial recharge of ground1ater- 1ater balance- analysis of hydrograph- conFuncti)e and consumpti)e use of ground1aterD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D D !D "D 'D LD 6orcester* 0 %e#t 2ooG of Geomorphology %odd* Ground1ater ;ydrology 6ard* Principles of ;ydrology Cho1* ;andbooG of 0pplied ;ydrology ;ealth $ %rainer* 4ntroduction to Ground1ater ;ydrology ,ingh* Elements of ;ydrology &aghunath* 4ntroduction to ;ydrology %olman* ;ydrology Iaranth* 5e)elopment- 0ssessment and Management of 6ater &esources %redits2 7

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1D 2asic principles of geophysical e#plorationD 2D Physical properties of minerals and rocGsD 3D Gra)ity Method* ,table and unstable gra)imeters- 6orden- 7acoste and &omberg;artley 0sGania and Gulf gra)imeters- field procedure and reduction gra)ity dataD 4D Magnetic Method* +lu#gate and Proton Precession magnetometersD 0nomalies due to point pole and dipole- field practices and correctionsD D Electrical Method* Elements of ,P-4P and resisti)ity methods- 6enner and ,chlumberger configurationsD Methods of resisti)ity profiling and sounding- theory of images- %aggJs method of interpretationD !D ,eismic Method* Elementary principle of reflection and refraction methods- t1o layered reflection and refraction problems including inclined layer- fundamentals of con)entional seismic instruments- fan shooting- profile shooting- continuous profiling and correlation methods of sur)eyingD "D &adiometric Method* Physical and geological principles of radiometric methodsuccessi)e disintegrations eAuilibrium conditions- GM counter- scintillation counter and gamma ray spectrometer- radon measurementsD 'D 2asic principles of electromagnetic and GP& methodsD

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Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D D 5obrin $ ,a)it* 4ntroduction to Geophysical Prospecting Parasnis* Principle of 0pplied Geophysics %elford et al * 0pplied Geophysics ,harma* Geophysical Prospecting for Geologists and Engineers 4srael $ Irebs * Nuclear &adiation in Geophysics

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1D ,tratigraphy* Principles of ,tratigraphy- elements of stratigraphic classification< geological time scaleD 2asic concepts of seAuence ,tratigraphy and seismic stratigraphy Geophysical methods of stratigraphic correlationD Physical and structural di)isions of 4ndian subcontinent and their characteristicsD Classification- lithology and economic importance of the follo1ing* 5har1ar supergroup of IarnataGa- Cuddapah supergroup of 0ndhra Pradesh- @indhyan ,upergroup of ,on )alley- Gond1ana ,upergroup of peninsular 4ndia and %ertiary of 0ssam- ,i1aliGs of ;imalayaD 2D Economic Geology* 5efinition of ore- ore mineral and gangue- Classification of ore deposits- Chemical composition- diagnostic characters- usages and distribution in 4ndia of the follo1ing metallic and non9metallic minerals* ;aematite- magnetite- pyrolusitepsilomalane- chromite- ilmenite- 1olframite- cassiterite- chalcopyrite- boronite- galenasphelerite- pyrite- bau#ite sulphur- graphite- gypsum- fluorite- barite- magnesite- dolomiteapatite- calcite- Gyanite- sillimanite- beryl- musco)ite- Gaolinite- halite and talcD 3D Petroleum Geology* 8rigin of petroleum< source rocGs< reser)oir rocGs< reser)oir pore spaces< reser)oir trapsD Migration and accumulation of oil and gasD Geological modelling in petroleum e#ploration- 2rief geological account of oil and gas fields in 4ndia* 0ssamGuFarat- %amil Nadu and 2ombay 8ffshoreD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D D !D "D 'D LD Mensen and 2ateman* Economic Geology Irishna ,1ami* 4ndiaJs Mineral &esources ,harma $ &am* 4ntroduction to 4ndiaJs Economic Minerals 7e)orsen* Geology of Petroleum E)ans $ Mathur* 8il in 4ndia Irishman* Geology of 4ndia and 2urma 6adia* Geology of 4ndiaD &a)indra Iumar* ;istorical geology and stratigraphy of 4ndia ?D Prasad* Economic geologyD %redits2 7

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1D ;istory of de)elopment and scope of geophysics- monistic and dualistic hypotheses for the origin of solar system- IeplerJs la1 of planetary motion- planet and satellites of the system and their characteristics- shape and siEe of the earth- international gra)ity formula and rotation of the earthD Concept of isostasy- 0iry- ;eisGanan and Pratt9 ;ayford hypothesesD 2D 4nternal constitution of the earth- characteristics of lithosphere- and asthenospherecauses of geodynamical process- geodynamic models- continental driftD 8cean floor spreading- plate tectonics and its geological implications- ne1 global tectonics and plate margin process- geomagnetic time scale- 2enioff Eones- oceanic ridges- e)olution of the triple Function- trenches and island arcs- hot spots- geodynamics of 4ndian subcontinents and formation of ;imalayas- L00 E ridgeD

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3D 8rigin of geomagnetic field- secular )ariations and 1est1ard drift- geomagnetic stormsEarthJs current- sun spot- solar flares- lunar and solar )ariations- Palaeomagnetic studies of rocG samples and their applications in geophysics- polar 1andering- re)ersals of geomagnetic fieldD 4D 4mportance of heat flo1- thermal history of the earth- sources of heat generation and temperature distribution inside the earth- MacobJs hypothesis for liAuid nature of the outer coreD &adiometric dating principles and ages of rocGs and the earthD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D D !D "D 'D ;o1ell * 4ntroduction to Geophysics ,tacey* Physics of the Earth Gubbins* ,eismology and Plate %ectonics Condie* Plate %ectonics and Crustal E)olution 7o1rie* +undamentals of Geophysics 2ird $ 7acGs* Plate %ectonics Chapman* EarthJs Magnetism Macobs* Core and Geomagnetism %redits2 (

G4M()/2 4 &%TI%&5 B&S$D !" %!U S$ G4M()0 1D 2D 3D 4D 5etermination of a)erage rainfallD 5etermination of e)aporation and e)apotranspirationD 5etermination of storati)ity coefficient and transmissi)ityD 5etermination of porosity and permeabilityD

G4M():2 4 &%TI%&5 B&S$D !" %!U S$ G4M()( G$!$<45! &TI!" 1D ;anding of gra)imeter and magnetometerD 2D 4nterpretation of resisti)ity sounding data by %aggJs methodD 3D 5etermination of )elocities and depth of the interface by refraction methodD

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SU '$6I"G 1D ;andling of sur)eying instruments9 theodolite- dumpy9le)el- microptic alidadeelectronic distance measuring de)ices- GP,D 2D Preparation of site map 1ith the help of plane tableD 3D 5etermination of height using theodoliteD G4M();2 4 &%TI%&5 B&S$D !" %!U S$ G4M(). %redits2 (

1D Preparation of lithostratigraphic maps of 4ndia sho1ing distribution of 5har1arCuddapah- @indhyan and Gond1ana ,uper groupsD 2D ,tudy of about 1 rocG specimens from the important stratigraphic horiEons of 4ndiaD 3D ,tudy of mega9scopic characters of about 2 economic mineralsD 4D 5istribution of important mineral deposits of 4ndiaD D E#ercises on accumulation of oil and gas in different types of trapsD !D 5istribution of important petroliferous basins of 4ndiaD G4M()*M2 G$"$ &5 G$!4H6SI%S %redits2 .

1D ;istory of de)elopment and scope of geophysics- monistic and dualistic hypotheses for the origin of solar system- IeplerJs la1 of planetary motion- planet and satellites of the system and their characteristics- shape and siEe of the earth- international gra)ity formula and rotation of the earthD Concept of isostasy- 0iry- ;eisGanan and Pratt9 ;ayford hypothesesD

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2D 4nternal constitution of the earth- continental drift- ocean floor spreading- plate tectonics and its geological implications- ne1 global tectonics and plate margin process- oceanic ridges- trenches and island arcs- geodynamics of 4ndian subcontinents and formation of ;imalayasD 3D 8rigin of geomagnetic field- polar 1andering- secular )ariations and 1est1ard driftgeomagnetic storms- earthJs current- sun spot- solar flares- lunar and solar )ariations+undamentals of palaeo9magnetic studies and palaeo9magnetism of rocGsD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D D !D "D 'D ;o1ell* 4ntroduction to Geophysics ,tacey* Physics of the Earth Gubbins* ,eismology and Plate %ectonics Condie* Plate %ectonics and Crustal E)olution 7o1rie* +undamentals of Geophysics 2ird $ 7acGs* Plate %ectonics Chapman* EarthJs Magnetism Macobs* EarthJs Core and geomagnetism S$M$ST$ +III G4M.)02 S$ISM!5!G6 %redits2 7

1D 4ntroduction to earthAuaGe phenomena- concept of focus- focal depth- epicentre- great 4ndian earthAuaGes- intensity and magnitude scales and energy of earthAuaGes- foreshocGs and aftershocGs- elastic rebound theory- seismicity of 4ndia- ;imalayas and global seismicity- seismic Eonation- seismic micro9Eonation- seismic Eoning of 4ndia- induced seismicity- concept of inhomogeneity and anisotropy- types and causes of earthAuaGesD 2D ,eismic ray theory for spherically stratified earth and )elocity structure from tra)el time data- propagation and characteristics of body 1a)es- surface 1a)es- group and phase )elocities- different phases of body 1a)es and their applications- preparation of preliminary reports and identification of phases- determination of epicentre- focal depth and magnitudes- theory of elasticity- reflection of body 1a)es- focal mechanism solutions and tectonic implications- earthAuaGe generation models- haEard analysis- reflection of seismic 1a)es from the free surfaceD 3D Principle of electromagnetic seismograph- displacement meters- )elocity meteraccelerometer and strain meter seismographs- 66,,N stations- seismic arrays for detection of nuclear e#plosions- 1ideband seismometry- strong motion seismographD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D D !D "D 'D &ichter* Elementary ,eismology 2ullen $ 2olt* 0n 4ntroduction to the %heory of ,eismology 0gra1al* Engineering ,eismology Gutenberg* 4nternal Constitution of the Earth &iGitaGe* EarthAuaGe Prediction 2ath* 4ntroduction to ,eismology ,la1omir $ 0ndreEeF* 0n introduction to Mining ,eismology ,tein $ 6ysession* 0n 4ntroduction to ,eismology- EarthAuaGes and Earth structure %redits2 7

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1D General* Electrical properties of rocGs $ minerals and their determinations- fundamentals of direct current flo1- relationship bet1een point and line pole potential distributionD

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2D Measuring ,ystem* =uantities measured in )arious electrical methods and description of the instruments used- discussion of )arious configurations used in electrical method and field procedure adoptedD 3D 5DCD &esisti)ity Methods* Potential distribution at the surface of horiEontally stratified earth- Iernel function and its relation to the subsurface parameters- apparent resisti)ity function- computation of apparent resisti)ity model cur)es- principle of digital linear filteringD 4D @ertical Electrical ,ounding* 4nterpretation of resisti)ity @E, data- empirical methods for interpretation of resisti)ity sounding data- indirect interpretation techniAues- au#iliary point method- partial cur)e matching- complete cur)e matching- direct interpretation techniAues- automatic direct interpretation method- 5ar :arrouG parameters- in)ersion techniAues in resisti)ity method of interpretation- computer9aided resisti)ity data interpretation .soft1ares/- principles of eAui)alence- suppression and detectibility problems- effects of de)iations from the fundamental assumptions- electrical resisti)ity imagingD D Electrical Profiling* Profiling near a )ertical contact and thin )ertical dyGes and discussion of the e#pected apparent resisti)ity cur)esD !D ,elf Potential Method* Mechanism of ,P field techniAues- field due to )ertically polariEed sphere and interpretationD "D 4nduced PolariEed Method* Mechanism of 4P instruments and principles of measurements both in time and freAuency domain- interpretation of 4PD 'D 8ther methods* Principles- application and interpretation of potential drop ratio methodeAuipotential lines method and telluric current methodsD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D D !D "D 'D 2hattacharya $ Patra* 5DCD Geoelectric ,ounding* Principles and 4nterpretation IunteE* Principles of 5irect Current &esisti)ity Prospecting Ieller $ +rischGnecht* Electrical Methods in Geophysical Prospecting Nostrand $ CooG* 4nterpretation of &esisti)ity 5ata 6ait* 8)er9)oltage &esearch and geophysical application Ioefoed* Geosounding Principe94* &esisti)ity ,ounding Measurements Patra $ Nath* ,chlumberger Geoelectric ,ounding in Ground 6ater Ghosh* %he 0pplication of 7inear +ilter theory to the 5irect 4nterpretation of Geoelectrical &esisti)ity Measurements %redits2 7

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1D Meaning and scope of agricultural meteorology- 4ntent and e#tent of agricultural meteorology- plant physiology- long term and short term modifications of gro1th process- a)oidable and una)oidable dangersD 2D 0grometeorological obser)ations* 0ir- surface and soil temperature- air and soil humidity- 1ind- precipitation- sunshine- radiation intensity and microclimatic measurementsD 3D ,olar &adiation and Plants* &eflection- transmission and absorption- incomingoutgoing and net radiation- ,pectral distribution of solar radiation and physiological response to plants- 7ight distribution in canopy- Phototropism and Photoperiodism* Meteorological factors in photosynthesisD 4D En)ironmental %emperature and Plants* Effect of lo1 and high ambient temperaturegro1ing degree days and other heat indices- soil temperature and factors affecting them- thermal properties of soil- Cardinal temperatures- soil moisture and its measurement- 1eeGly 1ater balance- 1ater use and plant gro1th- e)aporation and e)apotranspiration- 1ind effect on e)apotranspiration- 1ind damage to plantstransportation of pollen disease and insects by 1inds- 1ind profile near groundD

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D Climatic &eAuirements of 4mportant Crops* &ice- 1heat- cotton- soyabean and sugarcane- pearlmilet- groundnut and mustardD !D Plant and Crop 5iseases* %he effect of 1eather on pathogenic agents9 4nsects- +ungi2acteria- 2acilli and @irus- combating plant diseases- natural and artificial methods- the integrated campaign- insect against insects- 2acteria and 2acilli against insect- @irus against 4nsects- effect of 1eather on the hostD "D Meteorological ;aEards and 0griculture* +rost and frost fighting methods- hail damage and hail modification method- 1ind damage and 1ind breaGers- 0gricultural droughtits se)erity and management- flood- flood damage and flood fightingD 'D ,oils* Composition- structure and physical properties of soils- simple classification of soils- soil air- soil erosion- soil impro)ement de)ices and drainageD LD 0grometeorological forecasts systems- short- medium and long range forecasts- yield forecasts model- system stimulation its concept- application and importanceD 10D 0 brief outline of remote sensing in agricultureD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D D ,mith* Methods in 0gricultural Meteorology ,eemann etD alD* 0grometeorology @itche1ich* 0grometeorology 6M8 Compendium of lecture notes Ma)i* 4ntroduction to 0grometeorology %redits2 7

G4M.).&2 S$ISMI% M$TH!DS

1D ;istorical de)elopment and bacGground of refraction and reflection methodsD 5ifference bet1een refraction and reflection sur)eysD ,ystem of obser)ations for reflection and refraction sur)eysD Propagation of seismic 1a)es in homogeneous3 inhomogeneous media- 1a)eforms and their characteristics- N9layered case- continuous increase of )elocityD &efraction data interpretationD 2D ,eismic data enhancement and test shooting- e#plosi)e and non9e#plosi)e sources of seismic energy for P91a)e- seismic operation on land- common depth point techniAuespecial 1eathering shots and noise analysis- ele)ation- 1eathering and dynamic corrections in refraction and reflection data- random and non random noises- grouping of geophones- diffraction and its analysis- controlled source seismic soundingD 3D 4n)erse filtering of seismic data- hidden layer problem- seAuence of seismic processingdetermination of a)erage seismic )elocities- principles of tomography- synthetic seismogramsD 4D 0nalysis of multiples and ghost reflections- processing of seismic data- imaging of 295395 seismic data- time and depth sections- record surface and reflection surface- )ertical and horiEontal resolutionD D Mapping of geological structures .faults- reef- pinchouts- anticlines/- migration techniAues .classical and modern/- 1a)e eAuation migration- time and depth migrationdepositional seAuence and pit falls of seismic interpretationsD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D D !D Clarbout* +undamentals of Geophysical Prospecting %elford etD alD* 0pplied geophysics ,heriff* ,eismic ,tratigraphy 5obrin $ ,a)it* 4ntroduction to Geophysical Prospecting 6aters* &eflection ,eismology ,heriff $ Geldart* E#ploration ,eismology

Page 12 of 31

G4M.).B2 %5IM&T!5!G6

%redits2 7

1D 4ntroduction* Concept of 1eather and climate- climatic elements- climatic factors- earth9 sun relationship- ecliptic and eAuatorial plane- rotation and re)olution of the eartheAuino#- solstice- perihelion- cause of seasons- radiation balanceD 2D 6orld distribution of isolation- air temperature- mean sea le)el pressure and 1ind- effect of land and ocean on circulation- diurnal and annual )ariations of surface air temperature at different latitudes and o)er the globe- upper air circulation o)er the 1hole 1orldD 3D 6orld distribution of precipitation- effects of continents- oceans and topography on rainfall- diurnal and annual )ariation of precipitation- 1orld distribution of atmospheric perilsD 4D 0ir masses- their classifications- source regions- modification and associated 1eatherD E#tra9 tropical cyclones- their origin and associated 1eatherD D Climatic Classification* Ioppen and %hornth1ait schemes applicable to 4ndiaD !D Climatic changes and cycles- elements of microclimatology- palaeoclimatologyD "D 4ndian Climatology* Principal seasons of 4ndia- annual and seasonal rainfall and its )ariabilityD 5efinition and concept of drought- aridity- drought indices and drought assessmentD 'D Climatic change* climatic system9 an o)er)ie1- obser)ed climate )ariability and changephysical climate processes and feedbacG- detection and proFection of future climate scenarioD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D D ,ellers* Physical Climatology %re1artha* 4ntroduction to Climates ;aur1itE $ 0ustin* Climatology 4DMD5D +orecasting Manuals 7ocG1ood* 6orld Climatology %redits2 (

G4M.)7&2 4 &%TI%&5 B&S$D !" %!U S$ G4M.)(& $>periments ?ith resistivity meter. 1D 2D 3D 4D D !D Plotting of eAuipotential traces and current lines for a point sourceD 4nterpretation of ,DPD 0nomaliesD 4nterpretation of 4DPD 5ataD 4nterpretation of profiling dataD 4nterpretation of field resisti)ity sounding cur)esD Computer9aided interpretation of sounding cur)e dataD

G4M.)7B2 4 &%TI%&5 B&S$D !" %!U S$ G4M.)(B

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1D %o study the 0grometeorological instruments used for obser)ationsD 2D Computation of )arious components of 1eeGly 1ater balance during crop gro1ing period and assessment of agricultural droughtD 3D Computation of e)aporation- e)apotranspiration and potential e)apotranspiration using )arious approaches and methodsD 4D +orecasting of crop yield on the basis of 1eather parameters using crop gro1th modelsD D Crop phenological changes and heat units reAuirement of the cropsD !D Prediction of minimum temperature and frost under Eastern ?P conditionD "D Medium range 1eather forecast and preparation of agrometeorological ad)isory bulletins for farmersD

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G4M.)/&2 4 &%TI%&5 B&S$D !" %!U S$ G4M.).& 1D 2D 3D 4D D !D "D 'D Computation of seismic records and plotting sectionD 5etermination of )elocityD 4nterpretation of reflection and refraction dataD Plotting of seismic sectionD %esting and handling of seismic prospecting unitsD 0utomatic migration and mapping techniAuesD Preparation of structural mapsD ,eismic modelling and 1orGing at the seismic signal processing laboratoryD

%redits2 (

G4M.)/B2 4 &%TI%&5 B&S$D!" %!U S$ G4M.).B 1D 2D 3D 4D D !D 2asic analysis of global distribution of mean climatic parametersD Computation of 1eighted and running means of a time seriesD Computation of rainfall )ariabilities and coefficient of )ariationD Computation of mean 1ind- resultant 1ind- pre)ailing 1ind and persistenceD Computation of climatic types according to Ioeppen and %hornth1aiteD E#ercise in cur)e fitting- least sAuare- correlation and regressionD

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+ield training of the ,econd year students .fourth semester/ 1ill undergo field training for familiariEation at specialiEed centers3field 1orG for about 293 1eeGs during semester breaG after third semester and submit the report to the field training 4nchargeD G4M.);2 4 &%TI%&5 B&S$D !" %!U S$ G4M.)0 %redits2 (

1D 4dentification of different phases on a seismogram and to determine the epicentral distance of an earthAuaGeD 2D 5etermination of group )elocity from a record and dra1 the group )elocity dispersion cur)eD 3D ?se of stereographic proFection map for locating the epicentre of an earthAuaGeD 4D %o prepare the intensity map and find out the epicentre and focal depth for an earthAuaGeD D 5etermination of magnitude from a gi)en seismic recordsD !D %o dra1 tra)el time cur)e for body 1a)es and find out the )elocities of the upper mantleD "D 5emonstration seismological instruments9seismometerD G4M.)*M2 #U"D&M$"T&5S !# G$!$<45! &TI!" %redits2 .

1D 2asic principles of geophysical e#plorationD 2D Physical properties of minerals and rocGsD 3D Gra)ity Method* 6orden- 7acoste and &omberg- gra)imeters- field procedure and reduction of gra)ity dataD 4D Magnetic Method* +lu# gate magnetometer- field practices and correctionsD D Electrical method* elements of ,P- 4P and resisti)ity methods- 6enner and ,chlumberger configurations- methods of resisti)ity profiling and sounding- theory of images- %aggJs method of interpretationD !D ,eismic Method* Elementary principle of reflection and refraction methods- t1o layered reflection and refraction problems- %ra)el9time cur)esD +undamentals of con)entional seismic instruments- +an shooting- Profile shootingD "D &adiometric Method* Physical and geological principles of radiometric method- GM counter- scintillation counter and gamma ray spectrometerD

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Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D D 5obrin $ ,a)it* 4ntroduction to Geophysical Prospecting Parasnis* Principle of 0pplied Geophysics %elford et al* 0pplied Geophysics ,harma* Geophysical Prospecting for Geologists and Engineers 4srael $ Irebs* Nuclear &adiation in Geophysics S$M$ST$ +I' G4M7)02 M&TH$M&TI%&5 M$TH!DS I" G$!4H6SI%S %redits2 7

1D Comple# )ariables* 0nalytic function- CauchyJs theorem- 7aurent series- residues of analytic and contour integration- applications in geophysicsD 2D 4ntegral transforms* +ourier transform- 7aplace transform- ;anGel transform- and their applications in geophysicsD 3D Numerical solution of partial differential eAuations* Classification of linear partial differential eAuations- 1a)e and diffusion eAuations- 7aplace eAuations- and their applications in geophysicsD 4D 8rthogonal functions* 2esselJs function- ;ermite- 7aguerre and 7egendre polynomialsintroduction and applications of orthogonal systems and GreenJs function- and their applications in sol)ing geophysical problemsD D Non9linear ,ystems* Non9linear eAuations and their application in sol)ing geophysical problemsD !D 0nalysis of statistical and )ariance analysis- tests of significance and their applications in geophysicsD "D +inite element methods* 4ntroduction to )arious element shapes- descritiEation of structures< applications of finite element and finite difference methods in sol)ing geophysical problemsD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D D !D "D ,astry* 4ntroduction Methods of Numerical analysis Gerald* 0pplied Numerical 0nalysis Gerald etD alD* +inite Element ,imulation in ,urface and ,ubsurface ;ydrology 2ath* Mathematical 0spects of ,eismology Main- 4yengar $ Main* Numerical Methods for ,cientific and Engineering Computation Main* Numerical ,olution of 5ifferential eAuations Mitchell* Computational Methods in Partial 5ifferential EAuations %redits2 7

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,eismic source energy for ,91a)e- ,hear 1a)e prospectingD ,hear 1a)e )elocity and shear modulus estimation from P91a)e dataD 0pplication of shear 1a)e and shear modulus in processing and interpretation of seismic dataD 5ata acAuisition for )ertical seismic profiling .@,P/- 359@,P and its applicationsD Multi9component seismic data acAuisition for recording of P and , 1a)esD &elation bet1een rocG properties and 0@8 response- seismic in)ersionD 495 and 95 seismics- passi)e seismicsD 0@830@0 analysis- splitting of P 1a)e energy into P and , seismic reflected and refracted 1a)es- :oeppritE eAuationsD 8ffset dependent reflecti)ityD ,eismic stratigraphy and seAuence analyses- seismic facies analysesreflection and amplitude character analyses- bright spotD ,eismic lithologic modelling- @p3@s and lithology- gas detection using 0@8D Su88ested Boo9s2

Page 1 of 31

1D 2D 3D 4D D !D "D

Clarbout* +undamentals of Geophysical Prospecting %elford etD alD * 0pplied Geophysics sheriff* ,eismic ,ratigraphy 5obrin $ ,a)it* 4ntroduction to geophysical Prospecting 6aters* &eflection ,eismology ,heriff $ Geldart* E#ploration ,eismology +undamentals of geophysical interpretations by 7aurence &D 7ines and &D%D @a)ricGD %redits2 .

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1D 0mplitude and freAuency response characteristics of geophones- critical and optimum damping- seismic amplifier and its freAuency response- principles of magnetic tape recording- digital multiple#ed recording and shot moments- principles of binary gain ranging amplifier and floating point- dynamic range- 0utomatic gain Control .0GC/ circuit- Programmable Gain Control .PGC/- timing system and recording formats .,EG 0-,EG 2 and ,EG C/D 2D Pilot balloon- theodolite- radiosonde- ra1in and radar- radiation instrumentsD 0utomatic 1eather station- @;&&- @%P&- 0P%- @;P&D 3D 0nalogue filters* 7o1 and high pass filters and their alpha3beta diagramsCharacteristic impedance of symmetrical % and pie net1orGs< band pass- comb- and acti)e filtersD 4D 0nalogue and digital signal recording and processing* mechanisms of signal recordingsD %ransmission and recei)ing of meteorological data through satelliteD 6ireless seismic recordingD ,eismic signal recording and enhancement of ,3N ratio,atellite digital data process* retrie)al techniAue- cloud top temperature- ,D,D%D &etrie)al algorithms- )ery high resolution radiometer- )ertical temperature profile radiometer- automatic picture transmission- )ertical humidity profile radiometerD D 5ifferent types of display of digital and magnetic recording 1iggle trace- )ariable area and )ariable density recordsD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D D !D "D Iennedy $ 5a)is* Electronic Communication ,ystems 0nstey* ,eismic Prospecting 4nstruments @olD 2 &yder* Net1orG- 7ines and +ields &abinet $ Gold* %heory and application of 5igital ,ignal Processing &emote sensing of the atmosphere* MD%D ;oughton- +D6D %aylor and CD5D &odgessD ,atellite meteorology* 0n introduction9 ,D=D Iidder and %D;D @anderhaor 4ntroduction to en)ironmental remote sensing* EDCD 2arette and 7D+D CurtisD %redits2 7

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1D 2asic %heory* Magnetic elements 4DGD&D+D- in)erse sAuare la1- concept of potentialPoissonJs and 7aplaceJs eAuations- magnetism on atomic scale- 5ia9 para9 ferro magnetic materials- susceptibilities and densities of )arious rocGs and minerals- factors affecting density and susceptibilities- and susceptibility determinationD 2D 4nstrumentation* gra)ity prospecting instruments* borehole and airborne gra)imetersmagnetic prospecting instruments- &ubidium )apour magnetometerD 3D 5ata 0cAuisition and Correction* 0eromagnetic sur)eys- plan of the field sur)eysstation spacing- corrections for gra)ity and magnetic data- calculation of deri)ati)escontinuation methods- polynomial fitting for regional9 residual separation of gra)ity and magnetic anomalies- filter theory and filtering of potential field data- Gra)ity anomalies o)er spheres- cylinders- dyGes- faults and sheets- Magnetic anomalies o)er single pole- dipole- line pole- spheres- cylinders- faults and dyGes- graticules and

Page 1! of 31

anomalies of irregular bodies- relation bet1een gra)ity and magnetic potentials- depth estimation- cur)e matching techniAues- transformation of gra)ity and magnetic anomalies in freAuency domain- spectral representation of field data and interpretation of gra)ity and magnetic profilesD 4D Processing and interpretationD D Gra)ity and magnetics for the e#ploration of the minerals- oil3gas and ground1aterD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D D !D Grant $ 6est* 4nterpretation %heory in 0pplied Geophysics Nettleton* Gra)ity and Magnetics in 8il Prospecting &ao $ Murthy* Gra)ity and Magnetics 5obrin $ ,a)it* 4ntroduction to Geophysical Prospecting %elford etD 0l* 0pplied Geophysics Murthy $ Mishra* 4nterpretation of Gra)ity and Magnetic 0nomalies in ,pace and +reAuenies 5omain %redits2 7

G4M7)7B2 D6"&MI% M$T$! !5!G6

1D Principles of thermodynamics* +irst la1 of thermodynamics- internal energy- specific heat capacity and enthalpy- adiabatic process- entropy and the second la1 of thermodynamicsD 2D %hermodynamics of 1ater @apour and Moist 0irD 4sotherms on an - e diagrameAuation of state of moist air- Clausius Clapeyron eAuation- adiabatic processes of saturated air and moisture )ariablesD 3D %hermodynamics 5iagrams* General considerations- emagram- tephigram- sGe1 %3 log P diagram- stu)e diagram- choice of a diagramD 4D ;ydrostatic EAuilibrium* ;ydrostatic eAuation- geo9potential height computations for upper9air sounding- hydrostatic of homogeneous- isothermal- constant lapse rate and dry adiabatic atmosphere- standard atmosphereD D ;ydrostatic ,tability and 4nstability* General consideration- slice method- entrainmentD !D +undamental forces- gra)itation and gra)ity- geo9potentialD "D EAuation of motion in different coordinate systems- tangential- local- rectangular coordinates- spherical polar coordinates- natural coordinates- scale analysis of the eAuations of motion- appro#imate eAuations- &ossby numberD 'D Continuity eAuation in cartesian- isobaric and spherical coordinateD LD 2alanced Motion* 4nertial 1ind- geostrophic 1ind- gradient 1ind- cyclostrophic 1ind and thermal 1indD 10D @iscosity and %urbulence* +undamental la1s of )iscosity- eAuations of mean motion in turbulent flo1- mi#ing length theory- planetary boundary layer- po1er la1- EGman layer- &ichardson number- &rynoldJs number- +roud numberD 11D Circulation and @orticity* Iel)inJs circulation theorem- 2FerGnes theorem- potential )orticity- )orticity eAuation- di)ergence eAuation- ;elmholtE theoremD 12D %endency eAuation- 2FenGnes ;olmboe theory- isallobaric 1indD 13D @ertical Motion* Iinematic- adiabatic and omega eAuationD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D ;ess* 4ntroduction to %heoretical Meteorology Pisharoty* %hermodynamic 5iagram and some of %heir ?ses .4M5 %echD Note/ Gordon* 4ntroduction to 5ynamic Meteorology ;olton* 0n 4ntroduction to 5ynamic Meteorology

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D !D "D 'D

;altiner* Numerical 6eather Prediction ;altiner $ Martin * Physical and 5ynamic Meteorology ;altiner $ 6illiam* Numerical 6eather Prediction and 5ynamic Meteorology 0stel $ 6iin9Nielsen* Compendium of Meteorology- @olD 4D 5ynamic Meteorology6DMD8D NoD 3!4 %redits2 7

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1D &eser)oirs characteristics and obFecti)es of 1ell loggingD &eser)oir &ocGs* Clastic and carbonate rocGsD &eser)oir Properties* Porosity- permeability- fluid saturation- need of drilling fluids and its properties- in)asion process and )arious profiles- classification of formation e)aluation methods- obFecti)e of 1ell logging methods- logging operational field system and its procedureD 2D Electric97ogging* ,pontaneous Potential .,P/ logging* ,pontaneous potentials in boreholes and its sources- ,,P and its measurements- ,P cur)es and its interpretation factors affecting the shape and amplitude of ,P cur)e- Non9focussed- focused and induction loggingprinciples and sondes- 4nterpretation of electric 7og 5ata* 5etermination of resisti)ity of interstitial 1ater &1- porosity and 1ater saturation ,1 of clean and shaly sandstonesdetermination of &1 of clean sandstone from ,P cur)e- estimation of permeabilityD 3D &adiation 6ell 7ogging* Gamma ray logging- details of the radiation logging- density or gamma9gamma logging- principle of the neutron9gamma logging- neutron9epithermal9 neutron logging- neutron9thermal9neutron logging- interpretation and applications of radiation logging for e)aluation of reser)oir characteristicsD 4D 8ther Miscellaneous 7ogging %echniAues* 0coustic )elocity . ,onic / logging- Cement 2ond 7og .C27/- 7itho9density %ool .75%/- %hermal log- caliper or section gauge logCasing Collar 7ocatorJs .CC7/- dip and direction logging- gra)ity logging- nuclear magnetic resonance loggingD D 0d)anced 7ogging %ools* 4ntroduction of induced gamma9ray spectrometry- chlorine logging- introduction to natural Gamma9ray ,pectrometry .NG,/- Cased ;ole Neutron %ool .%hermal 5ecay %ime or %5%/ measurementsD !D Cross Plots* &esisti)ity9porosity cross plots- Porosity Cross plots* neutron9density- sonic density and sonic neutron density cross plotsD 0pplication of 1ell logging to ground 1ater mineral and petroleum resourcesD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D D !D "D 'D 7ynch* +ormation E)aluation 6yllie* +undamentals of 6ell 7og 4nterpretation @aish * Geophysical 6ell 7ogging * Principles and Practices ,chlumberger* ,chlumberger 7og 4nterpretation Principles3 0pplications ,chlumberger* ,chlumberger 7og 4nterpretation Charts ,erra* +undamentals of 6ell 9 7og 4nterpretation Pirson* ;and booG of 6ell log 0nalysis for 8il and Gas +ormation E)aluation 5e)eton* 7og analysis of subsurface Geology* Concepts and Computer MethodsD %redits2 7

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1D &adiation* 7a1s of radiation- nature of solar radiation- solar constant- geographical and seasonal distribution of solar radiation- direct beam normal flu# at the earthJs surfacedirect beam insolation at the earthJs surface- 2asis of Elsasser treatment- Elsasser chart< radiati)e heating and cooling- radiati)e eAuilibrium and the stratosphere- mean heat balance of the earth atmospheric system- pole1ard transport of energy- fundamental linG 1ith general circulation- radiation parameteriEationD

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2D Cloud Physics* 0tmospheric aerosols and condensation nuclei- nucleation- physics of initial stages of condensation- cur)ature and solution effect- gro1th and e)aporation of cloud droplets by diffusion- the physics of precipitation in 1arm clouds- collision9 coalescence theory- collection efficiency- terminal )elocity- precipitation from mi#ed clouds- 2ergeron and +indeisenJs theory- artificial cloud seeding of 1arm and cold clouds- rain maGing e#periments and 1eather modification- cumulus parameteriEationhoriEontal and )ertical diffusionD 3D 0tmospheric 8ptics* 0ttenuation of light- refraction- scattering- turbidity- optical phenomena- rainbo1- halo- corona- glory- mirage etcD- atmospheric and terrestrial refraction- looming- to1ering- stooping- sinGingD 4D &adar Meteorology* 2asic radar eAuation- 1a)elengths used for detection of cloudthunderstorm and cyclone- PP4 and &;4 scopes- meteorological applications of radarradar echoes- estimation of precipitation- rain 1ater content and upper 1inds using radarD D 0tmospheric 8Eone* Mechanism of formation and destruction- measurement of oEone5obsonJs oEone spectrometer- seasonal and latitudinal )ariation- ?mGehr effect)ertical distribution of oEone- oEone91eather relationships- oEone holeD !D 0tmospheric Electricity* Electrical field of the earth in fair and disturbed 1eatheratmospheric ioniEation- air9earth electric current and its maintenance- supply currenttheories of charge generation and separation in thunderstorm- lightning dischargesD "D ,atellite Meteorology* EAuation of orbital motion- types of meteorological satellitesdescription of important sensors on board- )isible and infra red data and their interpretation- identification of typical 1eather systems from cloud picture- estimation of 1inds- )ertical temperature and humidity profile and rainfall from satellite obser)ations- tropical cyclone grading using 5)oraGJs techniAueD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D D !D "D 'D Mohnson* Physical Meteorology Mason* Physics of Cloud 5obson* E#ploring the 0tmosphere &etallacG* Compendium of Meteorology @olD 4- Part9444- Physical MeteorologyD 6DMD8D 3!4 2aton* &adar 8bser)es the 6eather Iidder $ @onder ;arr* ,atellite Meteorology %aba* 8Eone 8bser)ations an 4ntroduction and their Meteorological 0pplications6DMD8D %echnical Note NoD 3!- 6DMD8D NoD 10' ;altiner $ 6illiams* Numerical Prediction and 5ynamic Meteorology %redits2 (

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5etermination of density by Nettleton methodD ;andling of gra)imeter and its calibrationD ,tructure contouring from subsurface informations Preparation of a residual map by .a/ Graphical method and .b/ Grid methodD ?p1ard and do1n1ard continuation of gra)ity and magnetic fieldsD Computation of gra)ity effect of a sphere- horiEontal cylinder and faultD Computation of effect of a magnetic dipole of finite length- sphere and horiEontal cylinderD %redits2 (

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1D 0nalysis of tephigram* .a/ Computation of deri)ed parameters- 7C7-CC7 and 7+C- .b/ Computation of precipitable 1ater content- .c/ Computation of heights of pressure surfaces by adiabatic and isothermal methods- .d/ ,tudy of stability and instability of

Page 1L of 31

)arious layers and forecasting of fog- thunderstorm- etcD- .e/ 5etermination of height of tropopause- thicGness of isothermal and in)ersion layers etcD 2D Preparation of geostrophic 1ind scale and computation of geostrophic 1ind from constant pressure charts 1ith the help of abo)e scaleD 3D Computation of geostrophic )orticity- geostrophic 1indD 4D E#ercise in graphical addition and subtractionD G4M7);&2 4 &%TI%&5 B&S$D !" %!U S$ G4M7)/& 1D 2D 3D 4D D !D "D =ualitati)e interpretation of 1ell logs and their correlation Computation of porosityD Computation of formation factorD Computation of 1ater saturationD Computation of oil saturationD Computation and estimation of producible oil per acreD 0pplications of cross plots for estimation of )arious parametersD %redits2 ( %redits2 (

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1D Measurement of total amount of atmospheric oEone by 5obsonJs oEone spectrophotometerD 2D Numerical computation in radiation- atmospheric optics- cloud physics- satellite meteorology and radar meteorologyD S$M$ST$ +' G4M/)02 &D'&"%$D %!M4UT$ 4 !G &MMI"G %redits2 .

1D Programming 7anguage C* Constants- )ariables- data types- e#pressions operatorsconditional statements- iterati)e statements- array- function- storage- class- pointersstructure- union and file handlingD 2D 8bFect 8riented Programming* Procedural approach @4- obFect approach- obFect oriented methodology- concept of obFect and class- reusability- encapsulation and polymorphismD 3D COO 0n 8bFect 8riented 7anguage* Class- obFect- constructor- destructor- operatoro)erloading- function o)erloading- inheritance- )irtual function- multiple inheritagegeneric classesD 4D ,oft1are* application soft1are- system soft1are- support soft1are and firm1areD D 4ntroduction to ?N4B operating systemD !D 4ntroduction to M0@0- @isual 20,4C and data base management systemD "D 4nternet- intranet- multimedia and 70ND Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D D !D "D 2alagos1ami* Programming in C Gotfried* Programming in C Cash1ant IanetGar* C Programming Cash1ant IanetGar* COO Programming &obert 7afore* 8bFect 8riented Programming COO ;asbest ,cheilds* 8bFect 8riented Programming ,tephen Prata* 0d)anced ?ni#90 Programmers Guide %redits2 7

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1D 4ntroduction* ;istorical de)elopment of time series- classification of data- analogue and discrete signals- digitiEation- sampling inter)al and aliasing- 1a)elets- : transformlinear system- 5irac delta function and impulse response of a linear system- impulse response function- minimum delay- ma#imum delay and mi#ed delay 1a)eletsD 2D Con)olution and Correlation %echniAues* Con)olution- method for Con)olutionproperties of Con)olution- autocorrelation- cross9correlation- and their applicationstime domain and freAuency domain conceptsD 3D +ourier series and +ourier transform- ;ilbert transform- 6alsh transform- orthogonal function and 5irichlet conditions- comple# form of +ourier ,eries and +ourier transform- physical significance and interpretation of +ourier transform- properties of +ourier transform- +ourier transform of a symmetrical rectangular pulse- reciprocity +ourier transform .++%/- t1o dimensional +ourier transform and its applicationsD 4D 5igital +iltering* 7o1- high and band pass filters- truncation of unit impulse response function- illustration of GibbJs phenomenonD 2utter1orth filters- Chebyse) filterrecursi)e filtersD D 6eighting +unctions .6indo1s/* ;amming 1indo1- ;amming 1indo1 and their comparison- triangular 1indo1- 2ortlett 1indo1- practical applications of 1indo1sD !D %echniAues for ,pectral Estimation* Po1er spectrum- method for calculation of po1er spectrum- three basic data models- Mo)ing 0)erage .M0/ method- Ma#imum Entropy Method .MEM /- Ma#imum 7iGelihood Method . M7M /- 0utoregressi)e process .0&/- comparison of M0- MEM- M7M and 0& techniAuesD "D 5econ)olution* 4ntroduction- 1hite spectrum- 6iener in)erse and its mathematical details- homomorphic applications of decon)olution filteringD 'D 0pplications of %ime ,eries in )arious branches of Geophysics* ,eismic methodgra)ity and magnetic methods- resisti)ity and 1ell9logging methods- use of spectral techniAues in meteorology- oceanography and ground1ater hydrologyD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D ,il)ia $ &obinson* 5econ)olution of Geophysics %ime ,eries in the E#ploration for 8il and Natural Gas 2D &obinson $ %rietel* Geophysical ,ignal 0nalysis 3D Ianase)ich* %ime ,eAuence 0nalysis in Geophysics 4D 2ath* ,pectral 0nalysis in Geophysics D 8ppenheim $ ,chafer* 5igital ,ignal Processing !D Papoulis* %he +ourier 4ntegral and its 0pplications G4M/).&2 G$!$5$%T !M&G"$TI% M$TH!DS %redits2 7

1D 2asic Principles and %heory* Ma#1ellJs eAuations- electromagnetic potential and 1a)e eAuations- boundary conditions- long 1a)elength appro#imation- depth of penetrationelectromagnetic field due to straight 1ire- rectangular and circular loops- elliptical polariEations- amplitude and phase relations- real .in phase/ and imaginary .Auadrature/ componentsD 2D Methods of Prospecting* 2ieler 6atson method- 5ip angle methods9fi#ed )ertical loop transmitter- broadside and shoot bacG methods- t1o frame method- compensator method- %uram method- Mo)ing source9recei)er methods9 horiEontal loop .,lingram/ method- 0+M0G and @7+ methods- 0irborne EM systems9 rotary field method4NP?% method- EM profiling and soundingD 3D 4nterpretation* Principles of EM similitude and modelling- response of conducting sphere to uniform alternating magnetic field and infinitely long horiEontal cylinder to line source- response of sheet conductors to dip angle- %uram and horiEontal loop EM systems- dip angle characteristic cur)es and phasor diagrams for horiEontal loop EM system for sheets- effect of o)erburden on EM anomalies- Principles and practices of Ground Penetrating &adarD

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4D Magnetotelluric .M%/ method* 8rigin and characteristic of M% fields- M% instrumentation- field practices- M% effect o)er a conducting half space and t1o layer modelD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D D Parasnis* Mining Geophysics Grant $ 6est* 4nterpretation %heory in 0pplied Geophysics %elford etD al* 0pplied Geophysics Patra $ MallicG* Geosounding Principles @olD44 ,EG Publication* Mining Geophysics @olD 44 %redits2 7

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1D Meaning and scope of synoptic meteorology- Plotting of synoptic obser)ations on different maps- analysis of surface and upper air charts- )ertical time section and cross section analysisD 2D ,cales of 0tmospheric 6eather ,ystems* Primary- secondary and tertiary circulationsD 3D Iinematics of horiEontal motion- characteristics of 1ind fields- construction of streamlines- isotach- traFectories- relation bet1een stream line and traFectories- 2latons eAuationD 4D Iinematics of pressure fields- mechanism and influence of pressure changesD D +rontogenetical +unctions* +rontogenesis in horiEontal )elocity field- frontogenetical and frontolytical sectors- Ginematic and dynamic boundary conditions- pressure distribution o)er front- Morgules formulaD !D Met streams- their classification and characteristics- P+M- ,%M- %EM- lo1 le)el Fet stream of 0sian monsoon- structure- formation- maintenance and associated 1eather- Eonal inde#inde# cycle- cutoff lo1s- highs- blocGingD "D Principle of 6eather Prediction* ,hort range- medium range and long range 1eather prediction- limits of predictability- forecast e)aluationD 'D %ropical Meteorology* Mean tropical atmosphere- eAuatorial trough .4%C:/- basic currents- trade 1ind in)ersion- easterly 1a)es and their dynamical aspects- formation and forecasting of easterly 1a)es- =28D LD %ropical cyclones- classification of tropical disturbances- global climatology- life cyclesurface and upper air structure- thermal structure- the eye and 1all cloud- rainfall- energy aspects- theories of formation- C4,I- detection- mo)ement tracGs- recur)ature- +uFi1ara effect- forecasting- storm surges- cyclone 1arningD 10D Monsoons* Monsoon regions in the tropics- causes of monsoon- the 4ndian summer monsoons- rainfall distribution- elements of the monsoon system- monsoon disturbancesM%C- monsoon )ariability- onset and ad)ancement of monsoon- 1ithdra1al- fluctuations in monsoon acti)ity- acti)e- 1eaG and breaG monsoon conditions- intra seasonal and inter9annual )ariability of summer monsoon- bi1eeGly and 309 0 day oscillationsouthern oscillation and El Nino- monsoon rainfall and teleconnections- long range prediction of monsoon- monsoon o)er China- ,DED 0sia- ND 0ustralia- east and 1est 0fricaD 11D General Circulation +eatures o)er 4ndia during other seasons* 6inter seasons- 1estern disturbances- cold 1a)es- fog- Pre Monsoon ,easons* different con)ecti)e phenomenonNor1esters and tropical storms- Post monsoon ,eason* NDED Monsoon- tropical storms and their differences 1ith tropical storms of pre monsoon seasonD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D &iehl* %ropical Meteorology Palmen $ Ne1ton* 0tmospheric Circulation ,ystem &eiter* Met ,tream Meteorology &amage* Monsoon Meteorology

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D ,aucier* Principles of Meteorological 0nalysis !D 6iin9Nielson* Compendium of Meteorology- @olD 4- Part 3- ,ynoptic MeteorologyGene)a- 6DMD8D NoD 3!4D "D 0snani* %ropical Meteorology-@olD 4 and 44 'D 5as* Monsoons- Gene)a- 6M8 NoD !13 LD Iesha)amurty $ ,anGar &ao* %he Physics of Monsoons 10D %araGano)* %ropical Meteorology 11D Irishnamurthi* Compendium of Meteorology- @olD 44- %ropical Meteorology- Gene)a6DMD8D No-3!4 G4M/)7&2 DIGIT&5 $5$%T !"I%S &"D MI% !4 !%$SS! %redits2 7 1D Number ,ystems* 5ecimal- binary- octal and he#adecimal number systems4ntercon)ersion of decimal- binary and he#adecimal numbers- 2C5 numbers- 2C5 addition and subtractionD 2D 7ogic gates* 0N5- 8&- N8%- N0N5- N8&- and e#clusi)e 8& gates- N0N5 and N8& gates as uni)ersal gatesD 3D 7ogic +amilies* %%7 logic circuits .N0N5 and N8& gates/- comparison of %%7- EC7 and CM8,D 4D 2oolean 0lgebra* 5e MoeganJs theorems- standard P8, and ,8P forms- min9term and ma#9term representation of 2oolean functions- simplification of 2oolean functions using I9maps .up to 4 )ariables/D D Combinational Circuits* ;alf and full adders- half and full subtractors- multiple#erdemultiple#er- encoder- decoder- 2C5 to se)en segment decoderD !D +lip9flops* &9,- M9I- master9sla)e and edge triggered M9I- % and 5 +lip9flopsD "D ,eAuential Circuits* ,hift registers- ring counters- ripple and synchronous countermodulo9N counter- decade counter- digital9to analog con)erter .binary 1eighted register and ladder types/- and analog 9to9 digital con)erter .using 530 con)erter and comparator/D 'D 5igital 6a)e form Generator* Concept of timer 4C and its use for 1a)eform generation .astable and monostable/D LD 8P90MP* Concept and characteristics of 8P90MP and its use as* 0dder- subtractordifferentiator- integrator- logarithmic and e#ponential operator- in)erting and non9 in)erting amplifier- differential amplifier- CM&&- analog computer .for 2 nd order differential eAuations/D 10D Memories* Concept of &andom 0ccess Memory .&0M/ - static and dynamic &0M&ead 8nly Memory . &8M /- P&8M and EP&8MD 11D 4ntroduction to Microprocessors* E)olution of microprocessors- organiEationarchitecture and pin description of '0' microprocessor- addressing modes and instruction set- input3 output interfacing de)ices .'2 - '2 1/- simple programs for addition3 subtraction- de)elopmental trends in microprocessors technology .'0'!'01'!- '02'!- '03'!- '04'! and Pentium/D 12D 0pplication of Microprocessors* 0pplication of Microprocessors in Geophysical 4nstrumentation* Microprocessors based data acAuisition- freAuency- temperature and )oltage measurements using microprocessorsD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D D !D Main* Modern 5igital Electronics Mal)ino* 5igital Computer Electronics Puri* 5igital Electronics Mathur* 4ntroduction to Microprocessors ,heth $ ;ebber* Microprocessors GaonGar* Microprocessors 0rchitecture- Programming and 0pplications

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"D &am* Microprocessors and Microcomputers 'D GaiG1ad* 8perational 0mplifierD G4M/)7B2 &D'&"%$D D6"&MI% M$T$! !5!G6 %redits2 7

1D Numerical 6eather Prediction* ;istorical re)ie1- filtering of sound and gra)ity 1a)esfiltered forecast eAuation- forecasting of stream functionD 2arotropic model- eAui)alent barotropic model- baroclinic model9t1o le)el- multile)el Auasigeostrophic modelprimiti)e eAuation models- spectral and finite element model- ,igma coordinatehydrodynamic eAuations in ,igma coordinate Eta coordinate- Eta model- precipitation forecasting- range of predictabilityD 2D 8bFecti)e analysis* Cressman method- method of optimum interpolation- initialiEation* static initialiEation- dynamic initialiEation- normal mode initialiEation- Ne1tonian rela#ation or Nudging- nonlinear stability- 0liasing- 0raGa1a Macobian- ,taggered grid systemsD 3D ;ydrodynamic 4nstability* 2arotropic- inertial and baroclinic instabilityD 4D Numerical Methods* +inite difference- truncation error- linear computational instabilityNeuman condition- implicit and semi9implicit method- rela#ation method- simultaneous and seAuentialD D 0tmospheric 6a)es* Perturbation theory- properties of 1a)es- sound 1a)es- gra)ity 1a)es- )ertical stability- internal gra)ity 1a)es- &ossby 1a)es- mountain 1a)esD !D ,cale analysis of momentum- continuity- )orticity- di)ergence- thermodynamic and omega eAuation- diagnostic analysis of synoptic scale motion in middle latitudeD "D ,utcliffeJs 5e)elopment %heory* %hicGness and )orticity ad)ectionD 'D General Circulation* 7ongitudinally a)eraged and )arying flo1- constraints on the theories of the general circulation- maintenance of mean Eonal circulation .angular momentum consideration/- e#perimental approachD LD Energetics* Energy eAuation- internal and a)ailable potential energies- generationcon)ersion and dissipation of energiesD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D D !D "D ;ess* 4ntroduction to %heoretical Meteorology ;olton* 0n 4ntroduction to 5ynamic Meteorology ;altiner* Numerical 6eather Prediction ;altiner $ Martin* 5ynamic and Physical Meteorology 0tGinson* 5ynamic Meteorology* 0n 4ntroductory ,election %hompson* Numerical 6eather 0nalysis and 6eather Prediction 6iin9Nielsen* Compendium of Meteorology- @olD 4 Gene)a- 6DMD8D %redits2 (

G4M/)/&2 4 &%TI%&5 B&S$D !" %!U S$ G4M/).& 1D 2D 3D 4D D

Computational of dip angle response o)er sheet type bodiesD 0nalysis of dip angle data and its interpretationD Computation of %uram profiles o)er sheet type bodiesD &eduction of %uram data and its interpretationD 4nterpretation of ,lingram profiles o)er sheet conductors using phasor diagramsD %redits2 (

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1D Plotting and analysis of surface 1eather charts for different seasons and issue of inferencesD 2D Plotting and analysis of constant pressure chartsD 3D Plotting and analysis of )ertical time section and cross section chartD 4D ,treamline and isotach analysisD D Prognostication of synoptic systems liGe lo1s- trough etcD by Ginematic methodsD

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!D Computation of Eonal inde#D G4M/):&2 4 &%TI%&5 B&S$D !" %!U S$ G4M/)7& 1D 2D 3D 4D D E#periment 1ith logic gatesD E#periment 1ith +lip9flopsD E#periment 1ith digital 4CsD E#periment 1ith timerD E#periment 1ith microprocessorsD %redits2 ( %redits2 (

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1D Preparation of 2ellamy grid and computation of di)ergence- )orticity and deformation field by 2ellamy gridD 2D Preparation of cur)ature circle nomogram and computation of di)ergence and )orticity by cur)ature circleD 3D Computation of di)ergence and )orticity by finite difference methodD 4D Problems in dynamic MeteorologyD D ,imple e#ercises in numerical modelD G4M/);2 4 &%TI%&5 B&S$D !" %!U S$ G4M/)0 1D 2D 3D 4D %redits2 (

Numerical solution of non9linear eAuations using a)ailable soft1areD ,olution of differential eAuations using a)ailable soft1areD 4nterpretation of data by finite difference methodD 5e)elopment of programme and solution of some problems by finite element methodD %redits2 (

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1D %o digitiEe analogue signal by graphical method choosing different sampling inter)alsplotting the digitiEed record and e#amining the aliasing phenomenonD 2D %o con)ol)e the t1o signals .1a)elets/- plot and e#amine the resultsD 3D %o compute the autocorrelation and cross9correlation functions for a gi)en data set- plot and e#amine the resultsD 4D %o perform digital filtering after designing a lo1- high and band pass filters and to e#amine the effects of truncationD D %o apply ;anning and ;amming 1indo1s on a gi)en set of data pointsD !D %o compute the amplitude- phase and po1er spectra of a gi)en time seriesD "D %o apply 6iener in)erse filtering to seismic data- comment on 1a)elet e#traction problemsD 'D %o perform the spectral analysis of gra)ity- magnetic and meteorological dataD LD Computer modelling of some geophysical problemsD S$M$ST$ +'I G4M:)02 4H6SI%&5 !%$&"!G &4H6 &"D M& I"$ G$!4H6SI%S Section I2 4H6SI%&5 !%$&"!G &4H6 %redits2 7 %redits2 (

1D Physical properties of ,ea 6ater* Chlorinity- salinity- thermal properties- densitypressure- optical properties- transmission of sound- 1ater masses- %9, diagram)ariation of salinity- heat budget of the ocean- 2o1en ratioD 2D 0cAuisition of 8cean 5ata* ,alinity measurements- Nansen bottle- light in seameasurement of ,,%- re)ersing thermometers- 2athy thermograph- current metersD

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3D 8cean Currents* ;ydrodynamic eAuations of motion- inertia currents- geostrophic currents in homogeneous and stratified ocean< relati)e and slope currents- thermohaline currents- drift current in homogeneous 1ater- EGman theory- the maFor surface current systems of the ocean- up1elling and sinGing 1ith special reference to 4ndian ocean and their effectsD 4D 6a)es* 6a)e )elocity- group )elocity- theory of surface gra)ity 1a)es- short and long 1a)es- generation and gro1th of 1ind 1a)es- long 1a)es in canals- standing 1a)es in closed basins- seiches- s1ell- breaGers and surf- internal 1a)es- storm surges- tsunamiD D %ides* %ide generating forces- principal harmonic components- theories of tidesdescription and types of tides- prediction of tides- tidal gaugesD !D 0ir ,ea 4nteraction* ,tructure of the boundary layer- e#change coefficients and profilestransfer of heat and 1ater )apourD Section II2 M& I"$ G$!4H6SI%S %redits2 (

1D 8cean and ,eas* classification- gro1th and decline of ocean basins- turbidity currentssubmarine sedimentation and stratigraphy- physiography and di)isions of the sea floorcontinental shel)es- slopes- aprons and abyssal planes- occurrence of mineral deposits and hydrocarbon in offshoreD 2D Gra)ity and magnetic ,ur)eys* %ypes of magnetometer used in a sur)ey ship- to1ing cable and fish- data collection their reduction and interpretation- under1ater gra)ity measurements- ship borne gra)imeters- Graf sea gra)imeter- )ibrating string accelerometer- 7acoste &omberg gra)imeter- problems 1ith shipborne gra)ity measurements- sur)ey procedure- data reduction and interpretationD 3D ,eismic ,ur)eys* Marine energy sources- +inger- 2oomer- ,parGer- e#plodor- airgun)apour cooG etcD hydrophones acti)e section and streamer to1ing gear- shooting methods near offshore and offshore e#ploration techniAues- analysis of seismic data their processing and interpretation- refraction sur)ey 1ith ,onobuoyJs and interpretationD 4D &adio Positioning ,ystem* ,hort range and long range 5oppler ,onar- satellite na)igation- GP, $ G4,D Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D D !D "D 'D 5u#bury* %he Earth and its 8ceans 6M8 NoD3!4* Marine Meteorology ,)erdrup- Mohnson $ +leming* %he 8ceans 5efant* Physical 8ceanography- @olsD 4 and 44 Mc7ellen* Elements of Physical 8ceanography Macob- &ussel $ 6illson* Physics and Geology 5obrin $ ,a)it* 4ntroduction to Geophysical prospecting %elford etDalD* 0pplied Geophysics %redits2 7

G4M:)((4+B)2 $5$%TI'$ 4&4$ G4M:)( (4+B)2 C$5$%TI'$ 4&4$ D G4M:)(42 &D'&"%$D H6D !5!G6

1D ,urface 1ater- e)aporation formulae and theories of surface flo1s- safe yield- floodsestimation of flood flo1- method of unit hydrograph- synthetic hydrographs- their application- flood routing through ri)ers and reser)oirs- statistical methods in hydrologyD 2D 6ater resources* Partially saturated soils- 5arcyJs la1 in unsaturated medium- deri)ation of 5arcyJs la1 from Na)ier stoGes theorem- different forms of unsaturated flo1 eAuationnature of the physical parameters in unsaturated flo1- infiltration theories- concepts of

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diffusion- dispersion and redistribution in ground1ater- ground1ater hydrographsapplication of finite difference and finite element techniAues- simulation method- analog and digital modelling of aAuifers- tracer techniAuesD 3D 6ater Management* urban hydrology- practical aspects of flo1 of ground1aters to 1ellsanalysis of pumping test- conser)ation and utiliEation of 1ater and its managementD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D D !D "D 'D LD 6ard* Principles of ;ydrology %odd* Ground1ater ;ydrology ;eath $ %rainer* 4ntroduction to Ground1ater ;ydrology Guide 2ooG on Nuclear %echniAues in ;ydrology 5ury* +ace of the Earth Cho1* ;andbooG of 0pplied ;ydrology Childs* 4ntroduction to ,oil 6ater Physics 6alton* ground1ater E)aluation %olman* Ground1aterD

G4M :)(E2 &D'&"%$D S$ISM!5!G6 1D Measurement and characteristics of strong ground motion- dispersion of surface 1a)esray theory- tra)el9time cur)es for body 1a)es and in)ersion techniAues- tomography- 39 5 earth structure- attenuation- diffraction and scattering of seismic 1a)es- fault asperities inferred from seismic 1a)es- crust and mantle structures inferred from surface 1a)es- broad band seismometry- and recent 4ndian earthAuaGesD 2D ,eismic arrays- tectonic and )olcanic earthAuaGes and their characteristics- seismic haEard- risG analysis- seismic gaps and regions of high seismic potential- earthAuaGe source studies- earthAuaGe processes and source modeling- earthAuaGe prediction problem- application of fractals and chaotic dynamics in seismology- non9linear propagation and geodynamicsD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D D !D Ianamori $ 2aschi* EarthAuaGes* 8bser)ation- theory and 4nterpretations E1ing* Elastic 6a)es in 7ayered Media 2ath* Mathematical 0spects of ,eismology 2ullen* 4ntroduction to ,eismology 0Gi $ &ichard* =uantitati)e ,eismology- @olD 4 and 44 ,la1omir $ 0ndreEeF* 0n 4ntroduction to Mining ,eismologyD

G4M :)( 2 $M!T$ S$"SI"G &"D GIS 1D +undamentals of &emote ,ensing* Energy sources- principles of solar and terrestrial radiation- la1s of radiation- energy interactions- spectral patterns and signaturesD 2D Characteristics of aerial photographic imagery- photogrammetry- airphoto interpretation for terrain e)aluationD 3D 0pplication in geological mapping and mineral resource e)aluation- concepts of G4, and applications- theory and principles- structural concepts- geological interpretation and its ambiguity- geological guides- characteristics for mineral resourceD 4D 0pplication to 1ater resources e)aluation and soil moisture determination< 1atershed parameters- physiographic measurements- surface 1ater- flood plain delineationprecipitation- ice and sno1 monitoring- e)aporation and e)apotranspiration- subsurface 1ater information system and analysisD D 5e)elopments of satellites and remote sensing de)elopments in 4ndiaD !D 5e)elopment in remote sensing platforms- constant le)el and tethered balloons- aircraftsrocGets and satellitesD

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"D IeplerJs la1s of planetary motion- circular and elliptical orbits of satellites- polargeosynchronous and geostationary satellitesD 'D %ypes of sensors- photographic and %@ cameras- )isible and infrared sensing- radiometerside looGing radarD LD ;istorical de)elopment- )arious meteorological satellite system- 4N,0% system- data acAuisition system- 0utomatic Picture %ransmission .0P%/D 10D &emote sensing application in meteorology - )isible and infrared pictures of clodsrecognition of )arious clouds and 1eather systems- estimation of surface temperature and cloud tops- )ertical profiles of temperature and 1ater )apour- 1ind estimation- role of 1eather satellites in global co)erage of obser)ation in synoptic and climatological studiesD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2arret $ Curtis* 4ntroduction to En)ironmental &emote ,ensingD 2D 7illesand $ Iiefer* &emote ,ensing and 4mage 4nterpretationD 3D &ee)es .EdD/* Manual of &emote ,ensing- @olsD 4 and 44- 0merican ,ocD PhotogrammetryD 4D ,iegal $ Gellospie* &emote ,ensing in GeologyD D %eeGshadulu $ &aFan* &emote ,ensing - 4ndian 0cademy of ,ciencesD !D Iidder $ @onder ;aar* ,atellite Meteorology an 4ntroductionD G4M:)(S2 $"'I !"M$"T&5 G$!4H6SI%S 1D Earth and en)ironment- elements of en)ironment- man and en)ironmentD 2D 0tmosphere * 8rigin- composition and structure- the troposphere as an En)ironmental layer- air pollution- pollutants and its impact on 1eather- the oEone shield- green house effects and role of trace gases- global 1arming- acid rainsD 3D ;ydrosphere* 8cean and en)ironment- the hydrologic cycle and global 1ater balancesurface 1ater hydrology- 1ater pollutants and their effects on surface and ground 1ater- hea)y mentals .;g- Cd and 0s/ in ground 1ater- their detection and abatementsD 4D Mineral resources and en)ironment- impact of mining and mineral resourcesD D Energy and En)ironment* Coal- oil and gas- geothermal energy- nuclear energy- solar energyD !D &ole of geophysics in En)ironmental protectionD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D Morgensen* Principles of En)ironmental ,ciences and %echnology 2D Ieller* en)ironmental geology 3D &amade $ ,trahler* En)ironmental Geoscience94nteraction 2et1een Natural ,ystem and Man 4D %yler $ Mitter* MrD En)ironmental ,cience D ,harma* En)ironmental Geophysics G4M:)(T2 G$!M&G"$TISM 1D EarthJs Magnetic +ield* 4nternal and e#ternal fields- main field and )ariational fieldcomponents of the main field- magnetic and geomagnetic coordinates- measurement and recording of the main field* measurements of horiEontal- )ertical- declinationinclination and total field- magnetometers and )ariographs- %heories of the earthJs main magnetic field* 0 brief introduction of the )arious of the main field and its secular )ariation- dynamo theory of the main field- Geomagnetic indices* Ci- C&- Is- Ip indices- concepts of Auiet and disturbed daysD 2D %ransient @ariations* 5efinition- computation- morphological features- current systems and causes of solar Auiet day )ariation . ,A /- disturbance daily )ariation ,5- storm time )ariation 5st and lunar )ariation 7- Morphology of the eAuatorial electroFet-

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geomagnetic storms* morphological features of geomagnetic storms- gradual and sudden commencement storms- 5, and 5st fields- ring current- @an allen belts theories of the geomagnetic stormsD 3D %he ,un- ,unspots and ,olar +lares* 0 brief introduction of the structure of the sunmorphological features and classification of sun sport indices- morphological features of solar flares- classification of solar flares- Morphological feature- classification and causes of auroras- Morphological features- classification- obser)ation and causes of geomagnetic micropulsation- morphological features- composition- structure and production of )arious layers of the ionosphere- sudden ionospheric disturbances- Earth currents- its measurements- morphological features and interrelation 1ith geomagnetismD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D Chapman $ 2artels* Geomagnetism Matsushita $ Campbel* Physics of the Geomagnetic Phenomena Macob* EarthJs Core and Geomagnetism Mitra* ?pper 0tmosphere

G4M:)(U2 "!"+5I"$ S6ST$MS I" G$!4H6SI%S 1D Iinematics of deformation 9 the deformation gradient tensor- the strain tensorhomogeneous deformations- deformation of surface and )olume elements- material and spatial coordinates- analysis of stress- CauchyJs eAuation of motion- balance la1sconstituti)e eAuations for elastic and thermoelasticityD 2D 4ntroduction to constructi)e aspects of bifurcation and implicit function theoremimperfect bifurcation- bifurcation and non9linear eigen )alue problemsD 3D Non97inear stability and folding of rocG strata- con)ection in magma chambers and mantle- core con)ection and dynamo theory- earthAuaGes and chaosD 4D Non9linear elastic 1a)es and solutions- group )elocity- dynamical treatment- fractals and multifractals measures in geophysicsD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D D !D "D 0lGin $ +e#* 0n 4ntroduction to the theory of Elasticity +ang* +oundation of ,olid Mechanics Mal $ ,ingh* 5eformation of Elastic soils ,pencer* Continuum Mechanics &obino1itE* 0pplication of 2ifurcation %heory 0therton* ,tability of Non97inear ,ystem 2hatnagar* Non97inear 6a)es in 8ne95imensional 5ispersi)e ,ystems

G4M:).'2 G$!T!M!G &4H6 &"D %!M4UT$ M!D$55I"G 1D Concept of %omography* 4n)ersion- linear and non9linear in)ersion- in)ersion techniAue9traditional- Monte9Carlo- 2acGus9Gilbert- %au method- non9linear least sAuare- ray tomography- diffraction tomography- borehole tomography- 25 and 35 imaging- applications in )arious branches of geophysicsD 2D +inite element and finite difference methods and their formulations- numerical modelling- super computers- 7a#9 6ondroff second order scheme- Mac5ormacG fourth order scheme- stability conditions- computer simulation of P9,@- ,; and acoustic cases and other geophysical problemsD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D Mitchell* Computational Methods in Partial 5ifferential EAuations 2D Noye* Numerical ,imulation fluid Motion

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3D 4D D !D "D

Irishnamurthy $ ,en* Computer 2ased Numerical 0lgorithms Gold $ &ader* 5igital Processing of ,ignals 2oarding erD alD* 0pplication of ,eismic %ra)el %ime tomogrphy 5ines$ 7ytle* ComputeriEed Geophysical %omography 6u etD alD* 5iffraction %omography and Multisource ;olography 0pplied to ,eismic 4magingD 'D 0iyer etD alD* GeotomographyD G4M:)(A2 M!D$ " T$%HIEU$S I" S$ISMI% I"T$ 4 $T&TI!" &"D MIG &TI!" 1D ,eismic ,ources* E#plosi)e and non9e#plosi)e sourcesD 2D ,eismic &efraction Method* %ra)el time eAuations for simple one layer case and for )ariable )elocity case- e#pressions for dipping layer and faulted bed cases- Gardener delay time method- hidden layer problems- field techniAues for refraction sur)ey- fan shootingD 3D ,eismic &eflection Method* %he tra)el time eAuations for horiEontally layered mediume#pressions for dipping interfaces- field techniAues for reflection sur)ey- split spread- end on spread- broad side configurations- 25- 35 and 45 configurations- common depth point techniAue- presentation formats of seismograms- selection of field sur)ey parametersD 4D 5ata processing seAuence- static and dynamic correction- 1eathering and datum corrections- C5P stacGing- migration and depth section preparationD D @elocity 5epth 5etermination* @elocity9depth relation from measurements in boreholes)elocity depth relation from surface obser)ations- %29B2- %9P% and hyperbola methodD !D Noise Elimination Method* %he structure of noise and its classification using freAuency and spatial filters .arrays/- multiples identification- suppression of multiples @,PD "D Mapping of hydrocarbon bearing and 1ater bearing structures- gas hydrates- pattern recognition- thin bed modelling- seismic lithologic modelling- geological interpretationlocation of stratigraphic traps- direct detection of hydrocarbons- 1a)e eAuation migration and its )arious forms- artificial intelligence- artificial neural net1orG .0NN/ and gas detection using 0@8 analysisD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D D !D "D 5obrin $ ,a)it* 4ntroduction to geophysical Prospecting %elford etDalD* 0pplied Geophysical Ieary $ 2rooGs* 4ntroduction to Geophysical E#ploration 6aters* &eflection ,eismology &obinson* 2asic E#ploration Geophysics ,cheriff* ,eismic ,tratigraphy 7a)ergne* ,eismic MethodsD

G4M:)(<2 &D'&"%$D 4H6SI%&5 M$T$! 5!G6 1D Physics of tropical monsoon clouds- precipitation mechanism from con)ecti)estratiform and orographic clouds- artificial modification of the precipitation- artificial dissipation of fog and lo1 cloud- atmospheric electoral and boundary layer processesD 2D Precipitation chemistry- aid rain- atmospheric aerosols and trace gases- tropospheric chemistryD 3D 0tmospheric chemistry- dynamics of the middle atmosphere and troposphere9 stratosphere coupling- monsoon acti)ity- climatic change- measurement of atmospheric minor constituents and climatic effectsD 4D Physics of the ?pper 0tmosphere* Composition and structure- energy e#changes by collisions- transport processes- mean circulation and eddy transport- the ionospherecomposition and general properties- obser)ational methods- aurora and air glo1noctilucent clouds- nacreous cloudsD

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D 0tmospheric @isibility* 0ttenuation of light by the atmosphere- the air9light and )isual range in daytime- )isibility of point light sources at night- obFecti)e measurement of )isual range- obliAue )isual rangeD !D Meteorological 0coustics* 5oppler effect- effect of temperature and humidity on sound )elocity- sound path in a calm atmosphere- effect of 1ind on sound propagationattenuation of sound- propagation of sound through stratosphere- sound origination from meteorological elementsD "D Meteorological Physics* Coronas and related phenomenon- t1ilight phenomenoncolour and polarisation of sGy lightD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D D !D "D Mohnson* Physical Meteorology Mason* Physics of Cloud 5obson* E#ploring the 0tmosphere &etallacG* Compendium of Meteorology @olD 4- Part9444- MeteorologyD 6DMD8D 3!4 2aton* &adar 8bser)es the 6eather Iidder $ @onder ;arr* ,atellite Meteorology Mitra* %he ?pper 0tmosphereD

G4M:)(62 &445I$D M$T$! !5!G6 1D 0)iation meteorology* &eAuirements of climatological data for sitting of run1aysmeteorological obser)ations and forecasts reAuired for aircraft operations- organiEation of I08- 5GC0 and air traffic control- coordination bet1een M+% and 0%C- special obser)ations for a)iation- ME%0&- ,PEC%- %&EN5- ,4GMEN%- a)iation forecasts and 1arnings- documentation and briefing for national and international flightsa)iation climatologyD 2D Maritime Meteorology* @oluntary obser)ing flight routine and special obser)ations from ship at sea 1eather bulletins for shipping- storm 1arning bulletins- storm signals at ports- 1eather routing of ships- climatological atlas for oceanic regions- atlas of storm tracGsD 3D 2iometeorology* %hermal balance bet1een heat production and heat loss effect of climatic factors- influence of 1eather and diseases caused by )iruses- bacteria and metabolic disorders- acclimatiEation- climate and insect pests- thermal comfort and comfort indices- urban and building climatologyD 4D En)ironmental Pollution* E#tent of pollution- atmospheric )entilation- meteorological factors affecting the concentration of pollutants- monitoring for pre)ention control of pollution ?NEPD D 0tmospheric %ransport and 5iffusion* Classical diffusing theory .I9theory/- similarity theory- theory of turbulence- Plum rise- short term modelling and prediction techniAue for pollutantsD !D Effects of air pollution on climate- human healthD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D D ,tern* 0ir pollution ;M,8- 7ondon* ;andbooG of 0)iation Meteorology Munn* 2iometeorology 6M8 Note* ?rban Climatology 6M8 %echnical Note* 0ir Pollutants- Meteorology and Plant 4nFuryD

G4M:)(B2 &D'&"%$D %5IM&T!5!G6

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1D Climatic classification based on atmospheric circulation and geographical conditionsD Genetic classification- classification based on the effect originated at the surfaceD %ypes of climate- @arious classifications of climate- Ioepen- thornth1aite- ;anddel etcD 2D +unction and physical description of the climates of the different continents and oceanD 3D &adiation properties of natural surfaces- radiation in crops forest canopies- cities)ertical )ariation and distribution of )arious climatic elements- heat e#change and conduction near soil surface- atmospheric pollutionD 4D Elements of bioclimatology- urban building climatology- climatic change- fundamental meteorological factors affecting the climate- past climate re)ealed by meteorological obser)ation- methods of palaeoclimatology- possible causes of climatic changeinfluence of man on climatic changes- climatological statisticsD D 4ntroduction to climate system- role of green house gases- global 1arming- climatic change and its impacts on agricultureD !D 0sian ,ummer Monsoon* Global teleconnections- basic concepts of climatic modellingenergy cycle- %ropical 8cean and their role in climate controlD "D Physical processes in general circulationD Su88ested Boo9s2 1D 2D 3D 4D D Miller* Climatology 7amb* Climate Present- Past and +uture 2arry $ Parry* ,ynoptic Climatology ,tringer* +undamentals of Climatology 6inter ,chool on Climate Change and its 4mpacts- 44%- 5elhiD %redits2 (

G4M:).2 S$MI"&

Each student is reAuired to prepare a seminar note .about 1 00 1ords/ in the form of a report and gi)e oral lecture .40 minutes/ on the topic assigned by the ;ead of the 5epartment in consultation 1ith respecti)e super)isorD G4M:)7&@G4M:)7B2 %!M4$H$"SI'$ 'I'&+ '!%$ %redits2 .

0t the end of si#th ,emester- each student 1ill be e#amined in this paper on the entire MD,cD .%echD/ Geophysics courses by a 2oard consisting of three internal and one e#ternal e#aminer in each specialiEationD G4M:)/&@G4M:)/B2 4 !F$%T A! G@DISS$ T&TI!" %redits2 *

5uring si#th semester- students may go for 294 1eeGs for their ProFect 1orG3dissertation at the laboratories of their field of specialiEation or 1ith field parties depending upon the facilities in the summer )acationD +or dissertation 1orG- the co9super)isor is also allo1edD %he topic of their proFect 1orG3dissertation 1ill be decided to1ards the end of the fourth ,emester by the ;ead of the 5epartment in consultation 1ith the super)isorsD "!T$ &' (tudents of (emester )* +ill initiate dissertation, pro-ect +or. during summer /acation at la0oratories outside *aranasi1 if re2uired' 2' (tudents of (emester )) +ill carry out (ummer 3raining at different la0oratories outside *aranasi1 if desired 0y the students' 3' (tudents of (emester ))) +ill carry out their 4ield 3raining during the (emester "rea.' #' 4or dissertation +or.1 the co super/isor(s) 0e allo+ed for the outside organi5ation' QQQQQQQQ