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Manufacturing Technology- II

MARKING OF DEFECTS ON WELDS


S C Ghosh
Date: Jan13, 2006
This document is a property of L&T, Hazira Works and must not be copied and lent without their permission in writing.

REPAIR LOCATION-BUTT

1 A B

Weld Edges-line

RT tracing.

RT spot marking

This document is a property of L&T, Hazira Works and must not be copied and lent without their permission in writing.

SPOT SHIFTING
RT Source RT spot on job

Thickness of job

RT spot on film

This document is a property of L&T, Hazira Works and must not be copied and lent without their permission in writing.

DEFECT MARKING

1
100 mm

100 mm

This document is a property of L&T, Hazira Works and must not be copied and lent without their permission in writing.

Defect Marking & Removal

RT spot punching to be done before S/U.


Transfer RT spots to I/S for thk > 60mm

Carry out UT for thk >40mm. Keep in mind the spread of RT spot punching Correlate weld geometry & type of defect to estimate depth.
This document is a property of L&T, Hazira Works and must not be copied and lent without their permission in writing.

Defect Marking & Removal

Gouge/Grind from the side nearer to defect. Carry out gouged condition RT if in doubt. When nearing repair prefer grinding to gouging to see the defect. Grind to boat shape & clear PT before repair welding

This document is a property of L&T, Hazira Works and must not be copied and lent without their permission in writing.

Defect Marking & Removal

For small thickness, in case of doubts & porosities-grind/gouge from both sides. Check depth at repair location during grinding. RT of small dia. pipes.

This document is a property of L&T, Hazira Works and must not be copied and lent without their permission in writing.

TYPES OF TECHNIQUES IN RT OF T- JOINT

Zero Degree Technique 52o Technique with compensating block 52o Technique without comp. block Zero-52o Technique Members angled at degree other than 90o Cruciform Joints
This document is a property of L&T, Hazira Works and must not be copied and lent without their permission in writing.

ZERO DEGREE TECHINIQUE

Film
Max dist 150mm

Arrow Numbering

Source to film distance-SFD

Source of Radiation (Source)

This document is a property of L&T, Hazira Works and must not be copied and lent without their permission in writing.

ZERO DEGREE TECHINIQUE

Defect in any of the location Attend from both side if not found From one side-for slag/LF. Attend from both sides for Porosity

Line may or may not be drawn

This document is a property of L&T, Hazira Works and must not be copied and lent without their permission in writing.

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52o TECHINIQUE

B (Source)

Source Kept at an angle of

45-52o

Film from Horizontal


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This document is a property of L&T, Hazira Works and must not be copied and lent without their permission in writing.

52o TECHINIQUE

1 B

1
This document is a property of L&T, Hazira Works and must not be copied and lent without their permission in writing.

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Members angled at degree other than 90o

Source
This document is a property of L&T, Hazira Works and must not be copied and lent without their permission in writing.

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Members angled at degree other than 90o

This document is a property of L&T, Hazira Works and must not be copied and lent without their permission in writing.

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