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BMAT PHYSICS FORMULA SHEET BY MEDIFY

EQUATIONS OF MOTION AT CONSTANT ACCELERATION v= v+u 2 s= v+u t 2 v = u + at DENSITY = m v WEIGHT W = mg


W = weight, N m = mass, kg g = acceleration due to gravity, m/s 2

medify.co.uk/bmat MOMENT OF A FORCE ABOUT A POINT = Fd


= moment of a force, Nm F = Force, N d = perpendicular distance from pivot to the line of action of the force, m

FORCE F = ma
F = Force, N m = mass, kg a = acceleration, m/s 2

2 s = ut + 1 2 at

v2 = u2 + 2as

v = average speed, m/s s = displacement, m v = nal velocity, m/s u = initial velocity, m/s a = acceleration, m/s2 t = time, s

= density, kg/m 3 m = mass, kg v = volume, m3

OBJECT IN EQUILIBRIUM
clockwise moments = anti-clockwise moments about the same pivot upward forces = downward forces

MOMENT OF A FORCE ABOUT A POINT W = Fd


W = work done, J F = Force, N d = displacement, m

KINETIC ENERGY K.E. = 1 mv2 2


K.E. = kinetic energy, J m = mass, kg v = velocity. m/s

GRAVITATIONAL POTENTIAL ENERGY P.E. = mgh


P.E.= potential energy, J m = mass, kg g = accerleration due to gravity, m/s 2 h = height, m E=

POWER EFFICIENCY P=
useful energy converted x total input energy

100%

W E Q = = t t t

E=

output power x input power

100%

P = Power, W W = work done, J t = time, s E = energy transferred, J Q = thermal energy transferred, J

PRESSURE P= F A

LIQUID PRESSURE P = hg
P = pressure at depth h, Pa = density, kg/m 3 g = acceleration due to gravity, m/s 2

BOYLES LAW P1V1 = P2V2


P1 = pressure of gas at state 1 P2 = pressure of gas at state 2 V1 = volume of gas at state 1 V2 = volume of gas at state 2

SPECIFIC HEAT CAPACITY Q = mc


Q = heat absorbed/released due to change of temperature, J m = mass, kg c = specic heat capacity, J/kgK = change in temperature, K

SPECIFIC LATENT HEAT OF VAPORISATION OR FUSION Q = mL


Q = heat absorbed/released due to change of temperature, J m = mass, kg L = specic latent heat of fusion or vaporisation, J/Kg

P = pressure, Pa or Nm -2 F = normal force, N A = area, m2

BMAT PHYSICS FORMULA SHEET BY MEDIFY


REFRACTIVE INDEX sin i n= sin r c n= v 1 sin c = n
^

medify.co.uk/bmat ELECTRICITY

WAVE EQUATION v = = 1 T Q = It V = IR W V= Q

total work done = Q

P = VI

E = VIt = I2Rt =

V2 t R

n = refractive index i = angle in air/vacuum r = angle in medium c = speed of light in vacuum, m/s v = speed of light in medium, m/s ^ c = critical angle

v = wave speed, m/s = frequency, Hz = wavelength, m T = period, s

Q = charge, C V = potential difference across two points, V R = resistance, P = power, W = emf, V

t = time, s I = current, A W = work done between two points, J E = electrical energy, J

TRANSFORMER EQUATION Np Vp Is = = Ns Vs Ip
Np = number of turns in the primary coil Ns = number of turns in the secondary coil Vp = voltage across primary coil, V Vs = voltage across secondary coil, V Ip = current in primary coil, A Is = current in secondary coil, A

10

-12

10

-9

10

-6

10

-3

10

-2

10

-1

10

+3

10

+6

10

+9

10

+12

pico

nano micro milli

centi deci

kilo mega

giga

tera