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A Companion to Aristotle Edited by Georgios Anagnostopoulos Contents Notes on Contributors xi Preface xvi Abbreviations of Aristotles Works xviii Part

I ARISTOTLES LIFE AND WORKS 1 1 Aristotles Life 3 GEORGIOS ANAGNOSTOPOULOS 2 Aristotles Works and the Development of His Thought 14 GEORGIOS ANAGNOSTOPOULOS Part II THE TOOLS OF INQUIRY 29 3 Deductive Logic 31 DAVID KEYT 4 Aristotles Theory of Demonstration 51 ROBIN SMITH 5 Empiricism and the First Principles of Aristotelian Science 66 MICHAEL FEREJOHN 6 Aristotle on Signifi cation and Truth 81 PAOLO CRIVELLI 7 Aristotles Methods 101 GEORGIOS ANAGNOSTOPOULOS Part III THEORETICAL KNOWLEDGE 123 A. Metaphysics 8 The Science and Axioms of Being 125 MICHAEL V. WEDIN contents viii 9 Aristotelian Categories 144 GARETH B. MATTHEWS 10 Form and Matter 162 FRANK A. LEWIS 11 Aristotle on Universals 186 MICHAEL J. LOUX 12 Substances 197 S. MARC COHEN 13 Causes 213 R. J. HANKINSON 14 Heavenly Bodies and First Causes 230 SARAH BROADIE B. Physics 15 Mixing the Elements 242 THEODORE SCALTSAS 16 Aristotle on the Infi nite, Space, and Time 260 MICHAEL J. WHITE 17 Change and Its Relation to Actuality and Potentiality 277 URSULA COOPE C. Psychology 18 The Aristotelian Psuch 292 CHRISTOPHER SHIELDS 19 Sensation and Desire 310 DEBORAH KAREN WARD MODRAK 20 Phantasia and Thought 322 VICTOR CASTON D. Biology

21 Teleology in Living Things 335 MOHAN MATTHEN 22 Form, Essence, and Explanation in Aristotles Biology 348 JAMES G. LENNOX 23 Generation of Animals 368 DEVIN M. HENRY contents ix Part IV PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE 385 A. Ethics 24 Happiness and the Structure of Ends 387 GABRIEL RICHARDSON LEAR 25 Pleasure 404 GEORGE RUDEBUSCH 26 Human Excellence in Character and Intellect 419 GAVIN LAWRENCE 27 Courage 442 CHARLES M. YOUNG 28 Justice 457 CHARLES M. YOUNG 29 Friendship 471 MICHAEL PAKALUK 30 Voluntary, Involuntary, and Choice 483 ROBERT HEINAMAN 31 Aristotle on Action, Practical Reason, and Weakness of the Will 498 NORMAN O. DAHL B. Politics 32 The Naturalness of the Polis in Aristotle 512 C. D. C. REEVE 33 Rulers and Ruled 526 ROBERT MAYHEW 34 Aristotle on the Ideal Constitution 540 FRED D. MILLER, JR. 35 Excellences of the Citizen and of the Individual 555 JEAN ROBERTS 36 Education and the State 566 RICHARD STALLEY Part V PRODUCTIVE KNOWLEDGE 577 A. Rhetoric 37 The Nature and Goals of Rhetoric 579 CHRISTOF RAPP 38 Passions and Persuasion 597 STEPHEN LEIGHTON contents x B. Art 39 Aristotles Poetics: The Aim of Tragedy 612 PAUL WOODRUFF 40 The Elements of Tragedy 628 ELIZABETH BELFIORE Index 643