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Personal Pronouns

We use personal pronouns to replace previously mentioned nouns, and we can use them to talk about ourselves and other people. Personal pronouns can be subjects or objects in a sentence. Example I have a girlfriend. She is very nice and I love her very much. I also have a guitar and I'd like to play a song on it for her right now: Although it is raining, you make me feel so good. Yeah, yeah! Girl, we are the perfect couple. Do you love me as much as I love you? Yeah, yeah!
Personal pronouns in the third person replace a previously mentioned noun.

Example: I have a girlfriend. She is very nice and I love her very much. To avoid misunderstandings, it should always be clear which noun we are replacing (in case of doubt, its better just to repeat the noun). The pronoun it can also be used in impersonal constructions. Example: Its raining. Personal pronouns in the first person are used when were talking about ourselves. Example: I have a girlfriend. We are the perfect couple. When were addressing other people, we use the personal pronoun in the second person. Example: Do you love me as much as I love you? Personal Pronoun as Subject or Object With personal pronouns, we have to differentiate between subject-pronouns and object-pronouns. singular 1st person subject object I me 2nd person you you 3rd person he him she her it it 1st person we us plural 2nd person you you 3rd person they them

The subject of the sentence is normally the person or thing that is performing the action.

Example: Id like to play a song. You make me feel so good. The object is the person or thing that is the direct recipient of the action, or with which the action is being carried out. Object-pronouns sometimes come after a preposition (here: on, for). Example: Id like to play a song on it for her right now. Personal Pronouns Exercises Complete the sentences with the correct subject-pronouns. 1. ______________
0

want to cook dinner for my family tonight.


0

2. Joe bumped into Hailey and Kylie in the mall today______________ ______________
2

asked them if

wanted to go dancing tonight.

3. My brother and I love to play football. ______________ 4. Do______________ 5. ______________


1 2

play five times a week.

like to play football? prefers to play basketball.

Replace the subject-pronouns with the correct object-pronouns. 1. The last piece of chocolate is for (you) ______________
you me us

. . ?
her

2. These maths exercises are too difficult for (I) ______________ 3. We are moving tomorrow. Can you help (we) ______________

4. Sallys favourite book is Treasure Island. Can you read it to (she) ______________ ? 5. Today, Jim saw two elderly ladies struggling with their heavy shopping bags. So he went to help (they) ______________ . Choose the correct personal pronoun. Decide if the sentence needs a subject-pronoun or an object-pronoun. 1. Josh likes to play football, so his parents gave ______________ his birthday. 2. Tim lives next door to Josh. Often ______________
2 1

a brand new football for play football together.


1

3. Charlotte loves her grandmother very much. She wants to visit ______________ tomorrow. 4. My family and I like to swim. In the summer ______________ weekends. 5. Last night I watched a scary film alone. It really scared ______________.
2

go to the beach most

Possessive Pronouns
Possessive pronouns and determiners indicate possession or belonging. Example My name is Polly and I am looking for my hat. My dad says there is one in the wardrobe, but its his, not mine. My mum also has a hat. Look! The dog is wearing hers. We use a possessive determiner or pronoun instead of the nouns to which something belongs. We can find the possessive pronoun or determiner by asking the question Whose? Example: I am Polly and I am looking for my hat. (Pollys hat) - determiner This one is not mine. (Pollys hat) - pronoun Pronouns and Determiners Possessive determiners accompany a noun (the thing being possessed), possessive pronouns replace it. singular 1st person determiner my 2nd person your 3rd person his her its 1st person our plural 2nd person your 3rd person their

singular 1st person pronoun mine 2nd person yours 3rd person his hers its 1st person ours

plural 2nd person yours 3rd person theirs

Determiners come before a noun.

Example: I am looking for my hat. My mum also has a hat. Pronouns are used alone, without a noun. Example: My dad says there is one in the wardrobe, but its his, not mine. My mum also has a hat. Look! The dog is wearing hers.

Exercises - Possessive Pronouns and Determiners - Exercises Replace the subject-pronouns with the correct possessive pronouns. 1. I have lost (I) ______________ keys. 2. Did you brush (you) ______________ teeth? 3. Alex and Lucy like to ride (they) ______________ bikes. 4. Claire is looking for (she) ______________ favourite top. 5. We would like to sit at (we) ______________ usual table please. Replace the subject pronoun with the correct independent possessive pronoun. 1. Colin bought a new car yesterday. Its (he) ______________ now. 2. It seems that we have the same jacket. Is this (I) ______________
mine yours theirs ours

? ? ? ?

3. I parked my car right outside. Where did you park (you) ______________ 4. I cant find Sue and Peters house. Which one is (they) ______________

5. In the cinema: We are looking for our seats. Are these (we) ______________

Choose the correct possessive pronoun. Decide if you need an independent or a dependent possessive pronoun. 1. This is ______________ brother Daniel. 2. Steve has got a new computer. Its______________ . 3. I havent seen Kate and Davids children for years. Which ones are ______________ 4. My brother Stan and I like to play hide and seek. The cupboard under the stairs is ______________
1 1 1

favourite hiding place.


0

5. Lilys dad often helps ______________


0 1

younger sister with ______________

homework. Today Lily asked him if he could help her with ______________ too.

Reflexive Pronouns

Reflexive pronouns refer to the subject. We use them in the sense of self or oneself. Example Larry is a small boy, but he can already dress himself. In his room, there is a mirror. He hung it up himself, with a little help from his dad. Now he is looking at himself in the mirror and is very proud of himself. In English, we mostly use reflexive pronouns when we want to express that someone did something alone (without anyone elses help). Example: Larry is a small boy, but he can already dress himself. In his room, there is a mirror. Larry has hung it up himself, with a little help from his dad. We also use reflexive pronouns when the subject and the object are the same person. Example: Now he is looking at himself in the mirror and is very proud of himself. The subject and object here are the same person. After all, he could have been looking at someone else and could be proud of someone else. Example: He is looking at his dad and is very proud of him. List of reflexive pronouns singular 1st person myself 2nd person yourself 3rd person himself herself itself 1st person ourselves plural 2nd person yourselves 3rd person themselves

In the singular, the reflexive pronoun is formed with -self, in the plural with -selves. Example: I can see myself in the mirror. We can see ourselves in the mirror. In the second person, we have to indicate whether we're talking to one person or several people. Example: You can be proud of yourself. (one person) You can be proud of yourselves. (several people) In English, the reflexive pronouns are not used to indicate a reciprocal relationship. In this case, rather, we use each other. Example: We see each other. (not: We see ourselves.) Exercises - Reflexive Pronouns Exercises Type in the correct reflexive pronoun. 1. I dont need any help. I can do it ______________ . 2. Edwin fixed his bike all by ______________ . 3. Beth and Chris got a little lost one day on their way back from school. But they found the right way home all by ______________ . 4. Olivia got a very good mark on her English test. She was very pleased with ______________ . 5. We had to ask ______________ Type in the correct reflexive pronoun. 1. The teacher said to the class: I would like you to do the exercises ______________
itself yourselves ourselves myself

if this was the right thing to do.

2. Theres no need to shut the garage gate. It does that all by ______________ 3. Catherine and Abby are sisters. Yesterday, they made their lunchboxes ______________ .

4. Tims mum said to him: I wont help you to clean your room this time. You have to do it ______________ . 5. At the wedding reception, there was a buffet where we could just help ______________ . Choose the correct reflexive pronoun. 1. Mr. Jones said to his wife: No need to call the plumber darling, I can fix the tap _____________
2 yourself

.
1

2. When she was five years old, Mary taught ______________ to ride a bicycle. 3. The teacher said to the class: For the next five minutes, you are free to talk amongst ______________ . 4. Because David and Simon studied a lot for their biology test tomorrow, they are feeling confident in ______________ . 5. The computer keeps turning ______________
1 1

off and I dont know why!

Relative Pronouns
We use relative pronouns to introduce relative clauses. (see also Relative Clauses) Example Yesterday we were visited by a man who wanted to repair our washing machine. The man, who was in a hurry, did not notice that he had parked his car on a hill. So the car, which the man had parked without setting the handbrake, slowly rolled down the hill. Just before the crossroads, it was stopped by a traffic sign that stood on the street. The police tried to find out whose car it was. They did not know that it was our plumber to whom the car belonged. Relative Pronouns relative pronouns usage example Yesterday we were visited by a man who wanted to repair our washing machine. The man, who was in a hurry, did not notice that he had parked his car on a hill. The car, which the man had parked without setting the handbrake, slowly rolled down the hill. The plumber, whose car is in the garage now, is glad that nothing happened to anyone. The police came and did not know that it was our plumber to whom the car belonged.

who

subject/object (people)

which

subject/object (not people)

whose whom

possession (all) object (people) especially in unnecessary relative clauses

relative pronouns

usage very formal (in colloquial speech, who is preferred)

example

that

subject/object (all) in necessary relative clauses (who/which are also possible)

Just before the crossroads, the car was stopped by a traffic sign that stood on the street.

Subject Pronoun or Object Pronoun? The relative pronouns who/which/that can replace a subject (in which case they are subject pronouns), or they can replace an object (in which case they are object pronouns). To figure out whether who/which/that is a subject pronoun or an object pronoun, we pay attention to the following: If a verb comes after who/which/that, then the relative pronoun is a subject pronoun. Subject pronouns are always necessary. Example: a man who wanted to repair our washing machine the man, who was in a hurry a traffic sign that stood on the street If there is not a verb directly after who/which/that, but a noun or pronoun instead, then the relative pronoun is an object pronoun. In necessary relative clauses, the object pronoun can be left out. The English term for this usage is contact clause. Example: the car (which) the man had parked It was our plumber (who) the car belonged to.

Exercises - Relative Pronouns - Exercises Type in the correct relative pronoun. 1. The man ______________
0

came first in the 100-metre race broke the world record.


1 2

2. At the zoo, there is a parrot ______________ 3. Do you know the woman ______________ 4. I really like the suit ______________ 5. It was my brother ______________ Type in the correct relative pronoun. 1. Did you see the car ______________
1 0 1

can talk to the people. son is a famous actor? you bought for the wedding! I entrusted with looking after my baby.

was driving much too fast?


2

2. It was very sad to see the bird ______________ 3. Today, I saw the woman ______________ 4. Do you like the new plants ______________
0 1

wing was broken. always helps grandma with her shopping. I bought for the living room?
0

5. I was offered a job by the manager of the company, ______________ interview. Choose the correct relative pronoun. 1. Look at that dog ______________
2

I met at the

is chasing its own tail!


0

2. Becky and Amy are two sisters ______________

faces look very much alike.

3. This is the newest phone ______________

1 2

you can buy in the shops. he wanted to give a valentines

4. Harriet Shaw was the name of the girl ____________ present to. 5. I need someone ______________
1

can fix my washing machine

Demonstrative Pronouns
Demonstratives are this/that (in the singular) and these/those (in the plural). We use demonstratives to indicate a particular thing or person. Example Girl: Id like to to buy a tennis racket. Mine broke this week and I have an important match this weekend. Why is this racket so much more expensive than those ones on the wall? Shop assistant: Those ones over there are for beginners. This one here has a better quality and is for advanced tennis players. Girl: Ill take this one then. I had my first tennis lesson when I was five. That night I dreamt of being a famous tennis player, and I have been playing ever since. We use this/that for nouns in the singular and these/those for nouns in the plural. Example: this tennis racket here that tennis racket over there these tennis rackets here those tennis rackets over there Demonstratives can be used for place or time. Place If demonstratives are referring to a place, we use this/these for something that is located closer to the speaker (here) and that/those for something that is located farther away from the speaker (there). Example: Why is this racket so much more expensive than those ones on the wall?

Time If demonstratives are referring to a time, we use this/these for a time period that isnt yet past (e.g. the week/month/year that were still in). Within this time period, however, the demonstrative pronoun can refer to something that has already happened, or something that hasnt happened yet. Example: My tennis racket broke this week. (already happened) I have an important tournament this weekend. (hasnt happened yet) The demonstratives that/those are used for a time period that is already past, or one that is further in the future (e.g. another week, another month in the past or the future). Example: I had my first tennis lesson when I was five. That night I dreamt of being a famous tennis player. Demonstratives without Nouns If we want to use demonstratives without nouns, we usually have to replace the noun with the words one (singular) or ones (plural). Example: this/that racket this/that one This one here has a better quality.

these/those rackets these/those ones Those ones over there are for beginners. Exercises - Demonstratives - Exercises Choose the correct demonstrative pronoun. 1. I really like______________ 2. I prefer ______________ 3. ______________ one.
0 1 0

restaurant! glasses to ______________


1

ones over there.


0

chair is a lot more comfortable than ______________


1

4. Would you rather have ______________


1

strawberries or ______________

peaches?
0

5. For the price of ______________


1

video game you can buy three of ______________

classic boardgames.

Choose the correct demonstrative pronoun. 1. I hope that ______________


1 0

summer will be nicer than ______________

weeks of rain we had last year.


1

2. ______________ here to a football match. 3. I like ______________ showed last week.


0

boys over there challenged ______________ film a lot more than ______________
1 0

boys one they

4. You cant compare ______________ to______________


0 1

football teams from the fifties and sixties

teams of today. meal tastes so much better than ______________


0

5. ______________ we had two weeks ago

one

Indefinite Pronouns
The indefinite pronouns include something/somebody, anything/anybody, everything/everybody and nothing/nobody. We use indefinite pronouns when we are generalising and not speaking about something concrete.

Example I am lost. Nothing looks familiar. Everything looks different. There is nobody in the street. I would really like to ask someone. I am sure anyone could help me to get back to the city centre. But there isnt anyone here I could ask. It seems that everyone has disappeared.

I think I heard something. Is there anyone there? I would do anything to get back to the city centre. Things or People When we are referring to things, we use the indefinite pronouns that end in -thing. Example: everything, something, anything, nothing For people, we use the indefinite pronouns that end in -body or -one. Example: everybody/everyone, somebody/someone, anybody/anyone, nobody/no one Difference between every-, some-, any-, noindefinite pronoun everything everybody/everyone something somebody/someone anything anybody/anyone usage every individual in a group, all together something/someone unspecified one random person of a group, one random thing example Everything looks different. It seems that everyone has disappeared. I would really like to ask someone. I think I heard something. I am sure anyone could help me to get back to the city centre. I would do anything to get back to the city centre. But there isnt anyone here I could ask. Is there anyone there? Nothing looks familiar. There is nobody in the street.

in negative sentences, in the sense of nothing/nobody in questions whether there is something/something nothing nobody/no one nothing at all/nobody at all

Nothing/nobody or anything/anybody Instead of nothing/nobody/no one we can also use not anything/anybody/anyone. Example: Nothing looks familiar. I dont see anything that looks familiar. There isnt anyone here I could ask. There is nobody here I could ask. Everything/everybody or anything/anybody For foreign learners of English it is sometimes difficult to know whether to use any- or every-. If we are referring to any person or thing from a group, we need to use any-. To help us remember this rule, we can imagine various people or things and put an or in between them. Example: Anyone could help me: the man or the woman or the child or the old lady. I will do anything if you help me: I will give you money or I will help you do the washing up or I will go to the cinema with you or anything you want. However, if we truly mean every single individual or the entire group together, we have to use every-. To help us remember this rule, we can imagine various people or things and put an and in between them. Example: Everyone has disappeared: the man and the woman and the child and the old lady. I will do everything if you help me: I will give you money and I will help you do the washing up and I will go to the cinema with you and everything else you want. Indefinite pronouns + they The indefinite pronouns that end in body/one indicate a person. If this indefinite pronoun is replaced in another situation by a personal pronoun or a possessive pronoun, then we use that pronoun in the third person plural.

Example: I would really like to ask someone if they know the way. Everybody should know their way home. The indefinite pronouns that end in thing, however, do not refer to people and are therefore replaced with the pronoun it. Example: Nothing looks the way it used to. Exercises - Indefinite Pronouns - Exercises Carefully read the dialogue and then type in the correct indefinite pronouns. Nicole is preparing her birthday party. Because she has to organise the party herself, she has asked all her friends to help her before the party begins.
Nicole: Okay, let's get started. I hope we can get ______________
0

ready in time.

______________
1

has to blow up all the balloons. Did ______________

bring any more balloons?


1 2

Chris: Can ______________

help me carry the table into the garden? ? Because the shops are still open and if there is

Nicole: Are we missing ______________


2

______________ missing, I could go and buy it. Claire: No, I think weve got ______________.
Nicole: Was that the doorbell? Is ______________
1

at the door? Can you have a look,

Jim?
Jim: No, there is ______________
1

there.
0

Nicole: OK, so we still have some time before ______________

else arrives.

I just hope we didnt forget ______________. Jane: No, Nicole, there is ______________ you need to worry about. ______________
0

is all right. Its going to be a great birthday party!


0

Jim: I am sure we have prepared ______________


2

now. Would ______________

like a drink?

Prepositions in English
Prepositions are little words (at, in, to) that usually come before a noun (and sometimes also before a verb, if its a gerund). Example The weather was so nice on Tuesday that Mr Norris decided to leave his car at the car park and walk home after work. Even advanced learners of English often have trouble with prepositions, because you cant translate them one-to-one from your native language. To learn the correct usage of prepositions, all you can do is look them up in a dictionary, read a lot in English, and learn important prepositional phrases by heart. In the following table we present some rules for commonly-used prepositions: Prepositions of Time English

Deutsch

Usage

Example

on

am im am in in am um seit seit vor vor vor nach bis bis

weekdays months/seasons a section of the day specific years certain future times (when?) repeated sections of time: nights, days... referring to the weekend certain times (when?) starting at a certain point in the past during a certain period of time a certain time or date in the past before a certain time or date in the past for times of day (on the clock) for times of day (on the clock) from ... to ... in the sense of how much longer something will last in the sense of at the latest before/up until a certain point in time

on Monday in August / in winter in the morning in 2006 in an hour at night at the weekend at half past nine since 1980 for 2 years 2 years ago before 2004 ten to six (5:50) ten past six (6:10) from Monday to/till Friday He is on holiday until Friday. I will be back by 6 oclock. By 11 oclock, I had read five pages.

in

at since for ago before to past to/till/until till/until

by

bis

Prepositions of Place (Position and Direction) English


Usage room, building, street, town, country book, newspaper, etc. car, taxi picture, world in the sense of next to, in front of, by sitting at a table (for a meal)

Example in the kitchen, in London in the book in the car, in a taxi in the picture, in the world at the door, at the station at the table

in

at

English

Usage at an event a place where people do a certain activity (see films, learn, work) attached located by a river on a flat surface on a side (left, right) on a floor/storey (of a building) public transportation television, radio located very close to located directly before/in front of located directly behind under something, but on a floor/surface under something, but above the floor/surface when something else is covered in the sense of more than to get to the other side (also across) to cross a high obstacle higher than something else, but not directly over it to get to the other side (also over) edges above, below, and on both sides to a person, to a building to a place, to a country to bed to enter a room or a building

Example at a concert, at the party at the cinema, at school, at work the picture on the wall London lies on the Thames. on the table on the left on the first floor on the bus, on a plane on TV, on the radio Jane is standing by/next to/beside the car. There are two men in front of the house. Behind the house there is a beautiful garden. The bag is under the table. The fish are below the surface. Put on a jacket over your shirt! over 16 years of age to walk over a bridge to climb over a wall a path above the lake to walk across a bridge to swim across a lake to drive through a tunnel to go to the cinema to go to London/Ireland to go to bed to go into the kitchen/house to go 5 steps towards the house to jump onto the table a flower from the garden

on

by, next to, beside in front of behind under below

over

above across through to into towards onto from

in the direction of something (but not all the way there) up on to something from/out of a place

Other Important Prepositions English


Deutsch

Usage

Example

from of by on

von von von zu in

the person bringing it is mentioned equivalent to the genitive case the creator, author, etc. to travel (foot, horse) to enter public transportation

a present from Jane a page of the book a book by Mark Twain on foot, on horseback get on the bus

English

Deutsch

Usage

Example

in off out of by at about

in aus aus um mit mit ber

to enter a car/taxi to exit public transportation to exit a car/taxi increase/climb, decrease/sinking travel in a vehicle for ages for subjects, in the sense of about what

get in the car get off the train get out of the taxi prices have risen by 10 percent by car, by bus she learned Russian at 45 we were talking about you

Exercises Look at the picture above, and type the correct prepositions into the spaces. 1. Ian lives ______________
in

a small house.
since

2. He has been living here ______________ 3. ______________


(Next to|Beside|B

2005.
by

his house, there is a hotel. Ians uncle, who is an architect.


on

4. It was built three years______________ ______________ 5. ______________


In front of (in|at) to

the hotel there is a bus stop. the hotel can get ______________ the city centre.
off

6. The people staying ______________ the bus here to go ______________

7. When they come back, they can get ______________ the other side ______________ 8. ______________
In at of

the bus ______________ the street.


by

winter, Ian also goes ______________


on To

bus quite often.

9. He only uses his car ______________ ______________ 10. ______________


for

the weekends or when he goes shopping

Thursdays. his workplace, where has been working ______________


on

four years, he usually goes ______________


from

foot.

11. Its only about 10 minutes ______________

his home.

Personal Pronouns
Complete the sentences with the correct subject-pronouns. 1. I want to cook dinner for my family tonight. 2. Joe bumped into Hailey and Kylie in the mall today. He asked them if they wanted to go dancing tonight. 3. My brother and I love to play football. We play five times a week. 4. Do you like to play football? 5. She prefers to play basketball. Replace the subject-pronouns with the correct object-pronouns. 1. The last piece of chocolate is for you. 2. These maths exercises are too difficult for me. 3. We are moving tomorrow. Can you help us? 4. Sallys favourite book is Treasure Island. Can you read it to her ? 5. Today, Jim saw two elderly ladies struggling with their heavy shopping bags. So he went to help them. Choose the correct personal pronoun. Decide if the sentence needs a subject-pronoun or an objectpronoun. 1. Josh likes to play football, so his parents gave him a brand new football for his birthday. 2. Tim lives next door to Josh. Often they play football together. 3. Charlotte loves her grandmother very much. She wants to visit her tomorrow. 4. My family and I like to swim. In the summer we go to the beach most weekends. 5. Last night I watched a scary film alone. It really scared me.

Possessive Pronouns mixed exercise


Replace the subject-pronouns with the correct possessive pronouns. 1. I have lost my keys. 2. Did you brush your teeth? 3. Alex and Lucy like to ride their bikes. 4. Claire is looking for her favourite top. 5. We would like to sit at our usual table please. Replace the subject pronoun with the correct independent possessive pronoun. 1. Colin bought a new car yesterday. Its his now. 2. It seems that we have the same jacket. Is this mine? 3. I parked my car right outside. Where did you park yours? 4. I cant find Sue and Peters house. Which one is theirs? 5. In the cinema: We are looking for our seats. Are these ours? Choose the correct possessive pronoun. Decide if you need an independent or a dependent possessive pronoun. 1. This is my brother Daniel. 2. Steve has got a new computer. Its his. 3. I havent seen Kate and Davids children for years. Which ones are theirs? 4. My brother Stan and I like to play hide and seek. The cupboard under the stairs is our favourite hiding place. 5. Lilys dad often helps her younger sister with her homework. Today Lily asked him if he could help her with hers too.

Reflexive Pronouns
Type in the correct reflexive pronoun. 1. I dont need any help. I can do it myself. 2. Edwin fixed his bike all by himself. 3. Beth and Chris got a little lost one day on their way back from school. But they found the right way home all by themselves. 4. Olivia got a very good mark on her English test. She was very pleased with herself. 5. We had to ask ourselves if this was the right thing to do. Type in the correct reflexive pronoun. 1. The teacher said to the class: I would like you to do the exercises yourselves. 2. Theres no need to shut the garage gate. It does that all by itself. 3. Catherine and Abby are sisters. Yesterday, they made their lunchboxes themselves. 4. Tims mum said to him: I wont help you to clean your room this time. You have to do it yourself. 5. At the wedding reception, there was a buffet where we could just help ourselves. Choose the correct reflexive pronoun. 1. Mr. Jones said to his wife: No need to call the plumber darling, I can fix the tap myself. 2. When she was five years old, Mary taught herself to ride a bicycle. 3. The teacher said to the class: For the next five minutes, you are free to talk amongst yourselves. 4. Because David and Simon studied a lot for their biology test tomorrow, they are feeling confident in themselves. 5. The computer keeps turning itself off and I dont know why!

Relative Pronouns
Type in the correct relative pronoun. 1. The man who came first in the 100-metre race broke the world record. 2. At the zoo, there is a parrot which can talk to the people. 3. Do you know the woman whose son is a famous actor? 4. I really like the suit that you bought for the wedding! 5. It was my brother whom I entrusted with looking after my baby. Type in the correct relative pronoun. 1. Did you see the car that was driving much too fast? 2. It was very sad to see the bird whose wing was broken. 3. Today, I saw the woman who always helps grandma with her shopping. 4. Do you like the new plants which I bought for the living room? 5. I was offered a job by the manager of the company, who I met at the interview. Choose the correct relative pronoun. 1. Look at that dog which is chasing its own tail! 2. Becky and Amy are two sisters whose faces look very much alike. 3. This is the newest phone that you can buy in the shops. 4. Harriet Shaw was the name of the girl whom he wanted to give a valentines present to. 5. I need someone who can fix my washing machine.

Demonstrative Pronouns
Choose the correct demonstrative pronoun. 1. I really like this restaurant! 2. I prefer these glasses to those ones over there. 3. This chair is a lot more comfortable than that one. 4. Would you rather have these strawberries or those peaches? 5. For the price of this video game you can buy three of those classic boardgames. Choose the correct demonstrative pronoun. 1. I hope that this summer will be nicer than those weeks of rain we had last year. 2. Those boys over there challenged these boys here to a football match. 3. I like this film a lot more than that one they showed last week. 4. You cant compare those football teams from the fifties and sixties to these teams of today. 5. This meal tastes so much better than that one we had two weeks ago.

Indefinite Pronouns
Carefully read the dialogue and then type in the correct indefinite pronouns. Nicole is preparing her birthday party. Because she has to organise the party herself, she has asked all her friends to help her before the party begins. Nicole: Okay, let's get started. I hope we can get everything ready in time. Somebody has to blow up all the balloons. Did anybody bring any more balloons? Chris: Can someone help me carry the table into the garden? Nicole: Are we missing anything? Because the shops are still open and if there is something missing, I could go and buy it. Claire: No, I think weve got everything. Nicole: Was that the doorbell? Is somebody at the door? Can you have a look, Jim? Jim: No, there is nobody there. Nicole: OK, so we still have some time before everyone else arrives. I just hope we didnt forget anything. Jane: No, Nicole, there is nothing you need to worry about. Everything is all right. Its going to be a great birthday party! Jim: I am sure we have prepared everything now. Would anybody like a drink? Prepositions Exercises Look at the picture above, and type the correct prepositions into the spaces. 1. Ian lives in a small house. 2. He has been living here since 2005. 3. Next to his house, there is a hotel. 4. It was built three years ago by Ians uncle, who is an architect. 5. In front of the hotel there is a bus stop. 6. The people staying in the hotel can get on the bus here to go to the city centre. 7. When they come back, they can get off the bus on the other side of the street. 8. In winter, Ian also goes by bus quite often. 9. He only uses his car at the weekends or when he goes shopping on Thursdays. 10. To his workplace, where has been working for four years, he usually goes on foot. 11. Its only about 10 minutes from his home.