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1) Explain the assumption made in the prestressed concrete sections and also the major steps to be followed in the

strain compatibility method. 2) Explain the various types of flexural failures encountered in pre stressed concrete members. 3) A prestressed concrete beam of effective span 16m is of rectangular section 400mm wide and 1200mm deep. The tendons consist of 3300mm2 of strands of characteristic strength 1700n/mm2 with an effective prestress at 910n/mm2. The strands are located 870mm from the top face of the beam. If fcu=60n/mm2, estimate the flexural strength of the section as per Indian code provisions for the following cases: 1) bonded tendons 2) unbounded tendons. 4) Explain with sketches the IS: 1343 code method of computing the moment of resistance of rectangular sections. 5) Design a non-cylinder pre-stressed concrete pipe of internal diameter 500mm to withstand a working pressure of 1n/mm2. High tensile wires of 2mm diameter stressed to 1200n/mm2 at transfer are available for use. Permissible maximum and minimum stresses in concrete at transfer and working loads are 13.5 and 0.8n/mm2 (compression) respectively. Loss ratio=0.8, Es=210n/mm2 calculate, i) the minimum thickness of concrete for the pipe ii) number of turns of wire per meter length of the pipe. iii) The test pressure required to produce a tensile stress of 0.7n.mm2 in the concrete when applied immediately after tensioning. iv)The winding stress in the steel. 6) A pre stressed concrete circular cylindrical water tank is required to store 2500 million liters of water. The permissible compressive stress in concrete at transfer should not exceed 13n/mm2 and the minimum compressive stress under working pressure should not be less than 1 n/mm2. The loss ratio is 0.75. High tensile wires of 7mm diameter with an initial stress of 1000 n/mm2 are available for winding round the tank. Fressynet cables of 12 wires of 8mm diameter which are stressed to 1200n/mm2 are available for vertical prestressing. The cube strength of concrete is 40n/mm2. Design the tank walls supported on elastomeric pads. Assume the co-efficient of friction as 0.5. 7) A composite beam 5m span is of T-section and consist of a precast pre stressed concrete rectangular beam, 100mm wide and 240mm deep. The cost insitu slab is 400mm wide and 60mm thick. The prestressed beam contains high tensile steel of area 180mm2 located 50mm from the soffit. The grade of concrete in the pre-stressed beam and cast in situ slab is M40 and M25 respectively. Fpu =1600n/mm2 and the ratio of effective to ultimate tensile stress in tendons is 0.5. design suitable reinforcements for resisting horizontal shear between the pre-stressed beam and cast in situ slab using the provision of i) British code ii) American code. 8) What are the advantages of pre stressed concrete bridges. 9) Explain the cantilever method of constructing pre-stressed concrete bridges with sketches. 10) Explain the various steps involved in the design of short span prestressed concrete solid slab decks for national highway to support I.R.C loads. 11) Explain with sketches the typical pre-tensioned and post-tensioned bridge decks commonly used in the construction of bridges. 12) A precast PSC beam of rectangular section has a breadth of 100mm and a depth of 200mm. the beam with an effective span of 5m is prestressed by tendons with their centroids coincides with bottom kern. The initial stress in the tendon is 150kn. The loss ratio=0.85. the beam is incorporated in a composite T-beam by casting a top flange of breadth 400mm and thickness 40mm. if the composite beam supports a live load of 8kn/m2, calculate the resultant stresses developed in the precast and insitu cast concrete assuming the pre tensioned beam as unpropped during the casting the slab. Eprecast psc=35kn/mm2 Einsitu con= 28kn/mm2.