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The Chemists Key to shut and Open: As the True Doctrine of the Corruption and Generation in Ten brief

Aphorisms~ illustrated with most plain and faithfull commentaries, out of the pure Li ht of

!ature: "y that #udicious and industrious Artist

HENRY NOLLIUS

The $n lish $dition contained only% Aphorisms& The remainin chapters are added in this (as& !olius was also the author of )Theoria *hilosophica +ermetica,&

fi'e

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TO THE READER This boo0 ha'in worth enou h in itself needs not my an eminent commendation, this Author in his lifetime bein best testify&

physician and most able *hilosopher as the discourse itself can

The Translator also wanted not #ud ement to choose what was best in his 0ind, nor abilities to perform, the choice bein made& 1t is 1 alone that appear here as (enelaus at that feast in the 1liad, who came thou h not in'ited& 1 shall not endea'or to e2cuse myself, for 1 come not empty but will contribute somewhat to the collation& The Author builds on lea'in ood principles, so that his Theory is as more, true as it is plausible3 and 1 presume he aimed at nothin

all particulars and their application to the industry of ood to teach but

his readers& +e is sometimes pleased to descend to e2amples, but to such only as are natural, and they indeed are hard to imitate& 4e see not all that !ature does& 4hen he spea0s of rain and dew 1 am contented to thin0, he means somethin else than what is 'ul arly so called& And 1 doubt different from that which is not but his 5altpetri is somethin

combustible and common& The *hilosophers Dew, if 1 0now it at all is a dry water, and their saltpeter is a most white incombustible body of a ummy aerial nature, and indeed, if my eyes ha'e not decei'ed me, it is so aerial and unctuous that it will no more min le with water than common oil will& 1 ha'e for trial ta0en it in its ross body, and puttin it in distilled rain water ha'e

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di ested it for a full fortni ht, without the addition of any third thin , but they would ne'er mi2, the !itre notwithstandin and 'iolent a itations of the lass, 0eepin many lon still apart in the form

of butter or oil more white than snow& The truth is there is no affinity between this 5alt7peter and water, for it is not made of water, but of air hid and condensed in water& 4e see also that the air is a dry spirit and wets nothin 3 but the mist or 'apour of the water incorporatin with the air wets all thin s& $'en so those enerated of air retain the first bodies or substances which are

comple2ion of their parents3 this dry aerial humidity bein

predominant in them, as it is e'ident in common 8uic0sil'er and in all resinous substances, as 'e etable and mineral that uni'ersal ums which will not mi2 with water& "ut this will be more apparent to those who 0now um or sperm whereof !itre is made, which is neither Dew nor 9ain, but a water and no water3 that is it is a dry water whereof see D:$spa net in the ;<th canon of his first aphoristical part& +ere is the reason then why !itre *hilosophical will not dissol'e in nor mi2 with common water3 for it is a fat, oleous, airy substance, made by natural con ealation of a mercurial dry humidity which separates from phle m, as is e'ident in that succus 'italis and reat Lunary of Lully& !itre then or (ercury *hilosophical is to be found in -=> places, and of se'eral comple2ions& 1n the reat +aly Caly of !ature it is con ealed and in a manner crucified between two e2tremes, and both of them 'enomass and caustic& 1f you 0now how to e2tract it thence in the form of butter or a most white sweet oil, then the, whence the Art has its name, is in your power, and D:$spa net in his ??= canon will tell you what you ha'e attained to& 7?6 Thus you see where the air of radical humidity is con ealed3 and now 1 must instruct you where it is a 'olatile and not con ealed& 1t is so in the sperm whereof !ature immediately ma0es the +ali Cali, to which purpose the former author has left us a considerable ma2im in his ?-; canon: 9erum seminit@ plurimus humidi radicalis inest3 for this 'olatile air, which is in the seed or sperm reincrudates the fi2ed air which is in the +all Cali& 1 say this 'olatile spermatic air or oil does it, and not oil of soap or salad, as some fools ha'e dreamed3 for nothin reincrudates and naturally dissol'es a body but reat testament: that crude sperm whereof the body was made& (ost e2cellent in this respect is that passa e in Lully chap& %LA111 of his Buando 'olumus, 8uod siccum con'ertatur in humidii, cafrimus instrumuntum 8d est in a8ua, 8uoe8uidus participal de humido radicali, 'i@ in 'apore humiditate aerioe aediscorante a ous phli mate a8ualico, in 8uo 'apore spiritus Buinta delatus est etc&

C4hen we wish to con'ert a dry thin

into a moist thin , we ta0e an it from its

a ent which is in water7one which parta0es of the humid radical 7 or rather in the 'apour of aerial humidity disassociatin watery phle m, in which 'apour the male spirit is carried&D Thus Lully and now 1 thin0 1 ha'e sufficiently introduced you3 but if this be not enou h 1 am afraid the whole discourse will not satisfy& 1 should ha'e said much more, but that 1 intend shortly to publish a discourse of my own wherein 1 ha'e endea'ored to $u enius *hilalethes& The Authors $pistle, Dedicatory to his noble friend and 0insman, The Lord 4y and +eymel, *resident of Dresdon, etc& 1t is no lon came to Gueilber of Lo ic0 and a 6E7 Tutor of under raduates in a certain famous Fni'ersity, who did earnestly entreat me to disco'er unto him those principles by which he mi ht be introduced into the true 0nowled e of our most secret philosophy, findin him therefore to be a person of 5in ular apprehension, 1 +umanity, of most e2cellent abilities, and Cas 1 percei'ed by fre8uent discourseD of a most acute and discernin resol'ed to him into a dissertation or reasonin bodies, and ha'in rant his re8uest3 and for that end 1 did purposely lead about the Generation of !atural reat and farther unto brou ht him thither 1 ad'ised him to search time Cmy honoured Lord and patronD since there in 8uest of me, a most learned man, a professor i'e some reasons for a most e2cellent and mysterious e2perience 1 ha'e lately seen&

curiously after what manner, and by what means, this secret, thou h daily, wor0 was performed: 5i nifyin

him, that the Goundation of our Art did, ne2t to the di'ine assistance, consist chiefly in the perfect 0nowled e of Corruption and Generation& !ow, thou h this answer and ad'ice of mine did nothin li0e this learned man, seemin in his "oo07#ud ement to be 'ery simple and wise3 ne'ertheless, that which 1 told him is the 'ery truth3 for he that perfectly 0nows the ways of Generation, will easily come to be ac8uainted with the true menstrum of e'ery body, which in our philosophy is the most useful and difficult matter to come by3 yea, he will find out a way or *rocess3 which if he, by a

ri ht 1mitation of !ature will wisely practice, he shall out of a con'enient body Cdissol'ed first, and di ested in its own most natural and proper Aine arD perfectly e2tracted and attain to a most noble and precious medicine: A medicine 1 say, and not Gold3 for the sophisters or *seudo7Chymists, pinin with an insatiable hun er desire of Gold7ma0in , and after Gold, do by most co'etous, char eable and fruitless processes, infuse into their silly readers a stron promise them olden mountains3 but Art cannot ma0e Gold, !ature only to them, or mi2in

produces substances3 but how to perfect and purify imperfect metals by !ature only, and a natural way, Cnot by addin with them, 7 ; 7

any e2traneous substance or in redientD and to separate and pur e from them those obstructin , discordant impurities, which are the cause of their imperfection, the *hilosophers do 0now 'ery well& Art, 1 say, cannot produce or ma0e any substance3 but how to propa ate and multiply natures in their own species by transplantation and incision, he does 0now, but not without !ature& This 1 am sure of by the Li ht of !ature, whose only contemplation, with Gods blessin and racious assistance has enabled me to write this short discourse of Generation, and wholly persuaded me to belie'e, that the so'erei n true medicine must be sou ht and prepared, ad modum Generationis, after the same method that natural enerations are performed&

$'erythin that !ature affords for the subsistance and health of man is crude, and needs a further di estion, before it can be con'erted either into the substance of (an, or into a wholesome medicine: Let us consider our daily food3 this rows in our ardens, is fed in our houses, and sown in our fields3 but it is not turned into a blood and nutriment, before it is Cafter the (anner of GenerationD altered, putrified, and dissol'ed in our stomachs: That from this mass, so dissol'ed within us, the natural spirit may be e2tracted and communicated to the heart and the other members, for their conser'ation and stren th, and so after other 'arious di estions, the blood may become 5eed, and turn into that radical "alsom, by whose 'irtue (an0ind is both preser'ed and propa ated: 4hat hinders then, seein our internal 'essel of putrifaction is insufficient, but we may after the same manner, by natural means and a philosophic s0ill, so imitate and assist !ature, that all crude bodies whatsoe'er, may e2ternally Cwithout

the Officina CiborumD be set to putrify, to be di ested and dissol'ed until their spiritual nature may Cafter that solutionD be easily e2tracted or ta0en out

-5of them3 by which spirit so e2tracted, our internal, 'ital spirit Cfor the sin ular +armony that is betwi2t themD would be so mar'ellously comforted and stren thened, that by this e2cellent 0ind of assistance, it would be brou ht to e2ercise all its faculties with such effectual acti'ity and 'irtue, as would 8uic0ly e2pel and e2terminate all the enemies and disturbers of life3 1 mean all diseases, thou h ne'er so desperate& 1f we certainly 0new what that is what purifies all 5eeds, and how it is done, without doubt we mi ht and would by a constant industry CGod assistin usD find out and prepare medicines truly philosophical, to the reat ad'anta e and comfort of (an0ind& To this purpose Chyemstry ser'es3 for by the help of this Art we 0now how to di est, to dissol'e, to putrify, to separate the impure from the pure, and so come by most perfect medicines: And 'erily, so reat and precious a blessin it is, that God ne'er imparts it to any fraudulent (ounteban0s, nor to tyrants, nor to any impure, la@y en'ious persons, nor to the effeminate and idle, nor to luttons, nor usurers, nor to any worshippers of (annon: "ut in all A es, the pious, the charitable, the liberal, the mee0, the patient, and indefati able spirit, who was a dili ent obser'er and admirer of his wor0s, found it out& This truth is ele antly sun and e2pressly tau ht by that famous *hilosopher and *oet, the e2cellent Au urellus& The reedy cheat with impure hands may not ot, by the unlearned and

Attempt this Art, nor is it e'er rude: The 'ilions mind To lust and softness 5o the sly, wanderin

i'en, it stri0es star0 blind, Traitor and co& And shortly after&

"ut the sa e, pious (an, who still adores And lo'es his (a0er, and his lo'e implores

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4hoe'er #oys to search the 5ecret cause& And series of his wor0s, their lo'e and laws, Let +im draw near, and #oinin Then will with stren th, 5tudy this Art in all her Depth and Len th3 ra'e e2perience shall his consort be 50illed in lar e !ature:s inmost mystery& The 0nots and doubts his busy course and cares 4ill oft distruct, till time the truth declares, And stable *atience Cthou h all Trials pastD "rin s the lad end and lon hoped for, at last&

Gi'e ear all you (edicasters, who hate and persucute this di'ine science3 seein i'e ear, 1 say, and tell me with what conscience of honest confidence can you profess yoursel'es to be physicians, that all *hysic0 or (edicines are, without Chymistry, rounds and canons imperfectH 4ithout that Chymistry, 1 say, which out of the manifested Li ht of !ature has its in'incible supplyin laid down in this little boo0& This is the only Art, which Cby us, out of the Li ht of !ature, with con'enient means and particular natures to separate the impure from the pureD will teach us first how to heal all diseases of the (acrocosmical substances, and afterwards by e2amples and e2periments deducted from those e2terior cures, will show us the ri ht and infallible cure of all diseases in our own bodies& +e that 0nows not how to heal and pur e metals, how can he restore the decayed or wea0ened radical "alsom in (an and e2cite it by comfortable and concordant (edicines to perform perfectly all his appointed functions, which must necessarily be put into action, before any disease can be e2pelledH +e that 0nows not what that is in Antimony, which pur es Gold, how can he come by an effectual and wholesome (edicine, that will pur e and cast

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out those e2tranious peccant causes and humors that afflict and destroy the body of (anH +e that 0nows not how to fi2 Arsenic, to ta0e away the corrosi'e nature of sublimate, to coa ulate suiphureous spirits, and by a con'enient specifical (edicine to brea0 and analy@e stones in the reater world, will ne'er in the body of (an allay and tame the Arsenical spirits of the (icro7 cosmic 5alt, nor ta0e 8uite away the 'enemous indisposition of the 5ulphur, nor dissol'e the 5tone in the bladder, and dri'e it out bein dissol'ed& 1t is a noble safe and pious course we e2amine and try the force and 'irtues of (edicines upon the (icrocosmical substances, before we apply them to our fellow creatures, and the rare fabric0 of (an& This was the 'ery consideration that mo'ed the Ancients, who were true *hilosophers, to a careful and effectual study of true Chymistry, the only enuine *hilosophical 5cience, that by imitatin +ermes, the Gather and the *rince of all true and loyal *hilosophers, they mi ht find out most effec7 tual and proper (edicines a ainst all riefs and diseases, especially that lorious and supreme natural remedy, which is termed the Fni'ersal one, and is really without deception or e2ception Cunless the fin er of God oppose itD the most sure antidote of all diseases: Gor the obtainin of which so'eri n (edicine, because this my treatise of Generation is no mean help, 1 would ha'e it no lon er concealed from the in enious Lo'ers of this Art, but resol'ed to e2pose it to the *ublic0 'iew, that the enemies of the truth may see and 0now, that this our 5cience is rounded upon, and proceeded from the clear Li ht of !ature, and that all the 5ons of Art may be more and more encoura ed to a studious en8uiry and a laborous search after the truth& 1f they benefit anythin by this my boo0, let them i'e God the lory, and lend me what further assistance they shall thin0 fit to communicate&

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4hate'er it is, unto you, most noble and prudent 5ir, my intimate Griend and my 0insman, 1 humbly do dedicate it3 that you may see how willin 1 am to re8uite, in some measure, those numerious fa'ours, which from the first day 1 entered upon this study, you ha'e cheerfully conferred upon me, to this 'ery hour& Therefore, 1 must entreat you to accept of this small 9emuneratfon with your usual ood will and beni nity, still fa'orable to my endea'ours, and to defend me from the calumnies and en'y of the malicious, who from all parts set upon me and do defame my studies& This undeser'ed mali nity 1 suffer under, will re8uire your permanent fa'ours and affection: And 1 do here solemnly promise, that 1 will ne'er CGod willin D do anythin that shall tend to the 'iolation of so sacred a friendship, and shall daily endea'our that we may be more and more endeared and closer united, which the only wise and ood God mercifully rant, AmenJ Garewell, most noble 5ir, and as you really do so continue still to further the studies of Kour +enry !ollius&

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The Authors *reface to his Treatise of Generation&

"ein

to write of the

eneration of natural thin s, 1 must in7

enuously confess, that 1 learned it not in the boo0s of the Athenian 5ophisters, Che means the 5choolmen& and the followers of Aristotle3 this term he borrowed from *aracelsus, for he first called them so, and writin his (ysterium (a num, entitled it, *hilosophy for the Athenians, for Aristotle:s school was at Athens,D but by the true Li ht of !ature: !either will 1 borrow any thin from them, or their boo0s, and con'ert it in this lory3 for the truth ross i norance and discourse, li0e a *la iary, to my own use or is not to be found in their boo0s, but most errors,

rounded upon and supported by the 'ain men, which

opinions the credulous people esteem and cry up as the utmost bounds and !on Fltra of all wisdom and perfection& As men are 0illed by fi htin , so truth is lost by disputin , for while they only dispute and wran le about !ature, e'ery one of them in particular, and all of them in each of them arro atin eneral are so filled and swollen up with a testy intolerable *ride and self worship, that a 0ind of infallibility to his own Chimera:s or monstrous conceits, does with all mi ht and main labor to refute and demolish the airy castles and fond ima inations of the other, and by this ridiculous continued feud, they wander from the "ath and fundamentals of true 0nowled e, intan lin both themsel'es and too credulous posterity in an roundless *rinciples ne'er reduced to practice or ine2tricable Labyrinth of Buarrels and $rrors, fortified with fictitious and trial, but nieerly suppose and implicitly 7 -> 7 belie'ed, so that he would et out of this spacious and wearisome eneral en'y and op7 us, o directly to the wilderness, cannot do it without much difficulty and labor7 iousness, and shall not do it without their position& Lea'in bosity, let us, the di'ine mercy assistin therefore these lewd contenders and their 'er7

house of wisdom by the Li ht of !ature, that by the simple and peaceable contemplation of the creatures, and her operations in them, we may truly disco'er and describe unto others the perfect

manner of Generation, and so come not only to the certain 0nowled e of oursel'es, but learn also how to produce and prepare out of perfect bodies and substance such a (edicine or (edicines as will ino2iously and faithfully cure all diseases that are incident to our own frail bodies: Gor as (en, Corn and +erbs are, e'ery one of them, enerated and born out of their own 5pecific enerated and 5eed, so or in the same manner is the true (edicine of the Ancients Cthan which there cannot be a betterD prepared out of the most perfect bodies and essences& Loo0 not therefore with careless and transient eyes upon what is offered thee in this boo03 but 0now and be assured that this Doctrine is the most profitable and ad'anta eous for thee, by whose Li ht and uidance thou will be most prosperously led to the true 0nowled e of the 5ecret Generation of all Animals, Ae etables, and (inerals, and to the findin out of that rich and rare (edicine which perfectly cures all imperfect (etals&

6 -- 6 Of the Generation of !atural Thin s&

To be in then: Kou are to 0now in the first place, that ation is two fold, -st Ordinary and ?nd $2traordinary& $2traordinary eneration is that by which an unli0e thin and putrification by the sun& This is enerated out of dun

ener7

eneration is termed in the schools e8ui'ocal& The Ordinary is that by which a li0e thin uni'ocal& This be ets his li0e, as when a man be ets a manchild, and a lion be ets a lion& This in the schools is termed eneration with the method and the means 1 shall Aphorisms or propositions& include in these ten followin

1 $'erythin enerated or be otten is enerated and born of his

own specific C-D seed and in his proper C?D matri2&

The Commentary or 1llustration&

C-D 5eed is a spiritual or subtile body, out of which the in7 cluded spirits, by attraction of nutriment to it, forms and produces, in his proper matri2, a li'in body, endued with the li0e prolific and multiplicable seed& This 'ery spirit is by some *hilosophers C D termed seed, and the body in which it resides they call sperm& "ut while we a ree about the matter 1 shall not 8uarrel about words& This seminal spirit is the most subtile es7 sence of the seed, e2alted by !ature out of some perfect body and

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containin

in it, after the most eminent and perfect manner, all

the 'irtues and faculties of the said body, and a seminific power besides, which enables it, in its own species, to propa ate and multiply its own body& C?D no 0ind of seed is of any 'irtue or effect, unless it be placed by !ature, or by Art, in its proper matri2& Csee aphro& A111D That matri2 is only proper and fosterin which is naturally a reeable and ordained for the seed, accordin to its particular species and re imen& Therefore mineral seeds re8uire a mineral matri2, 'e etable seeds a 'e etable, and animal seeds an animal matri2& The matri2 of mineral seeds are subterraneous mines, the earth is the matri2 of 'e etables and the female womb is the matri2 of animal seeds& 11 "efore any perfect thin can be enerated the seed must neces7

sarily putrify and then be nourished: Commentary "elie'e our 5a'ior Lohn %11, ??, )Aerily, 'erily 1 say unto you, e2cept a corn of wheat fall into the round and die, it abides alone3 but if it die 1t brin ith forth much fruit&, )!othin can be animated and born unless it first suffer

corruption, putrification and mortification, says 9aymond Lully in his Testament, see 9osar& *hilo& pa e ?=;& Therefore says *aramanides, unless the body be dissol'ed and bro0en 6 -E 6 and putrified and suffer a chan e in its substantial substance, that secret central 'irtue cannot be e2tracted nor be at liberty to mi2 with another body&

111 The seed putrifies when a C-D salt of the same nature with it, dissol'ed in a con'enient C?D li8uor, does by the assistance of a entle heat CED penetrate, analyse and rarefy the substance of the seed, that the included spirit may, out of its sub#ect matter, form a con'enient C;D habitation or body for itself, in which it may perform the offices of natural multiplication& Commentary Therefore e'ery mineral seed re8uires to its putrification a mineral salt and li8uor3 which is common water impre nated with salt petre3 and animal seeds re8uire an animal salt and li8uor, eneration and seminal

which is the female menstruum impre nated with the salt of the animal matri2& "y this doctrine a passa e of the most acute *hilosopher "asil Aalentine in his treatise of the worlds reat mystery, is easily understood& The words are these )metals and minerals must be dissol'ed and reduced a ain to their first matter by minerals, but in doin this you must in e'ery sort of mineral consider the species or 0ind3 for e'ery 0ind mi2es only with his own 0ind, and so yields his seed, unless you will ha'e a monster& The 'itues and propension of e'ery seed is to #oin and mi2 itself with e'ery thin that is within its own order or 7 -; 7 latitude3 for no seed naturally applies to any thin 9e num 5uum3 therefore in any ordinary and lawful lioness, etc& C?D 4ithout the humour of water Csays "asil Aalentine, in his ei hth 0eyD true putrification can ne'er be performed: Gor humours or li8uors are the true mediums by which salt does by his dissol'in and searchin nature enter into and open the most intricate recesses of the seed3 for when this humour or li8uor is by a due de ree of heat rarified and pro'o0ed, then also is the salt in it attenuated and rendered fit to pass into and open the most compacted body of the seed, and there stirs up and e2cites to 'e etation a spirit of salt that is the li0e and the same with itself, which before lay hid and inacti'e& CED A spirit that is at liberty will easily and 8uic0ly free another spirit of the same nature that is bound up and restrained& This is done first by reason of that acti'ity and eneability which the free spirit is indued with, secondly by reason of the harmony, li0eness and lo'e betwi2t them: This corilation is the cause that the e2terior free spirit ma0es way into and #oins with that spirit of salt included in the seed, and so does with more ease wor0 upon him and e2cite him3 for, as the pro'erb has it, that is $2tra eneration, that

one li0e may be et another, man applies to woman, the lion to the

li0e will easily

o to li0e, and their unity is most intimate& !ow in li8uid

you must 0now that 'ery spirit, when loose and floatin

bodies or li8uors, is at liberty in this state, by the mediation of heat, it does Cli0e a loadstoneD attract to it the spirit that is under restraint, openin in3 and the restrained 6 -= 6 spirit itself Cli0e a sensible prisonerD labours for life by con7 spirin e2citin and stri'in to be in action and a full communion with the him, and by this means so pro'o0es him other& The free spirit by his sudden and subtile accession still and stren thenin to action, as fire, does en0indle fire3 so that the body holdin it must necessarily suffer a chan e and calcification, and comes to be putrified by its own included spirit, whose operation before was obstructed and 0ept under3 for the included spirit ha'in ac8uired liberty and a power to be in action from the other, stri'es to et out and enlar e itself, and to that end brea0s and destroys its first body and procures another new one& 5o the spirit of the salt of the earth, when it is dissol'ed in the unmi2ed humour of that element Csince e'ery salt melts and dissol'es in its own li8ourD is then at liberty3 for e'ery salt when it is once dissol'ed in its own li8uor becomes acti'e& +ence it is that a corn of wheat Cin whose body, as if under loc0 and 0ey, the spirit of 'e etable salt is bound up and fetteredD as soon as it is cast into the round, is by the free spirit of the salt of the earth penetrated and opened, that the salt which lies dissol'ed or loose in that li8uor or inmi2ed humour may e2cite the 'e etable spirit in the corn of wheat to action and 'e etation, which spirit bein thus set at liberty does presently, by rain, produce in the wheats proper putrefaction of the corn or and dissol'in the body which holds it

matri2 the substance of the root Cwhich is a new bodyD by whose mediation and deferency the earth must afterwards Cthe spirit attractin itD comunicate nutriment to the blade and the rest of rows up and increases& Kou must obser'e here of this 'e etable as it

that this salt which conduces to the solution and openin

bodies is sometimes 7-.7 Cno pa e -/, said +A!D

wea0, sometimes stron & 1f it be wea0 you must stren then it with a salt that is of the same nature and property with the seed3 and the li8uor which has the wea0 salt in it must be impre nated with it3 that the solution may be more effectual and more con'enient for nature in the operations& Let us consider the eneration of wheat& There is in rain water a 'olatile salt by solution made in the earthe3 but when that salt, by reason of the earths o'er dry7 ness, is not sufficient to cause a perfect and fruitful solution of the seed corn, then does the husband7man stren then and manure his round with muc0 and dun in which there is a salt of the same rows nature with the seed Cfor muc0 is made of straw and straw

out of the seed3 so that when the rain descends and mi2es itself with the compost or mould, there proceeds from the muc0 and the round a nitrosuiphereous salt which the inmi2ed humour of the earth imbibes or ta0es in, and bein stren thened by it opens the most compacted and firmest seeds, whence comes a fruitful and #oyful har'est& 1f thou desire to see the secrets of !ature now open thine eyes& C;D 5eein that the seminal 'irtue lur0s in the most intricate recesses of the seed, and consist in the most subtile portion of the suiphureous salt, it is most clear that it cannot be e2alted and multiplied but in an humour that is most eminently subtile and pure: "ut because the seed sown does not at the first or presently ta0e in that subtile humour out of those places which supply it with nutriment& Therefore !ature does, before all thin s, ta0e care first to produce and form those 'essels in which that humour, ta0en afterwards out of the elements, is di ested, rarefied and most accurately pur ed, that out of the whole body when formed and perfected, she may contribute 7 -I 7 and produce most pure seminal essence, for the conser'ation and

the multiplication of that species which yields it3 for which 'ery reason pro'ident !ature does, by the inter'enin of putrification, it, in out of the seeds of herbs form first the roots, and out of the roots she does afterwards shoot forth the blade, di'idin the rowth, into se'eral sections or #oints& That the humour ta0en rown up and flourishin )

out of the soil in which the seed is sown may, at the first in the root and afterwards in the herb Cwhen be more and more di ested, and dri'e the seminal 'irtue Cthrou h all the 'essels and #ointsD from the 'ery root to the uppermost top branches, where, in a matri2 purposely formed for the reception of this seminal matter, a most perfect seed, and fit for the propa ation of the same species, is Cby the aid of the 5uns heat maturin itD found and athered& "ut it happens often times Cand this you are concerned to 0nowD that thou h !ature forms always these 'essels and 'ehicula of the seminal pro ression, yet those bodies which are thus furnished3 do not always yeild seed3 and this comes to pass because, in those bodies, the pores throu h which the spermatic 'irtue should be promoted and dri'en into their superficies and upper parts, are Cbefore the seed is stirred, or can be producedD stopped up by e2ternal colds3 or else by the predominant 'irtue of their innate fi2ed salt are so bound up and obstructed that the seed either cannot come to any effectual maturity and perfection, or else is wholly supprest and shut up& An e2ample of this we may manifestly see in the oran e trees, which row indeed in this climate as well as other plants, but in this cold re ion yeild no fruits: 4hereas in 1taly and other places, which are their natural soil, they both yield and brin forth fruit to perfection& 1n the li0e manner old and other metals which come to our hands can ma0e no

19

emission of their included seed, because their pores are, by the 'i our and e2cellency of their innate fi2ed salt, so bound and shut up that they are wholy restrained from the effusion of seed3 so that the seminal 'irtue in them is not at liberty to act and come forth3 for which 'ery reason the *hilosophers who 0new this

and were willin

to assist !ature, did with most happy success

reduce Gold and the other metals into their first matter, that by this course they mi ht open their pores, which by the supereminent 'i our and power of the innate fi2ed salt were shut up and loc0ed, and so brin the metals to that pass and condition in which they reat benefit, yield cherished with an mi ht, with a mar'elous increase and to their (aurice arden at Cacels are all winter lon

seed and propa ate: !o otherwise then the oran e trees in the e2ternal artificial heat, which ma0es them put forth and brin their fruits to maturity& +e that hath ears to hear let him hear&

20
1A

The humour or li8our which ser'es for putrification must be proportionable to that body which is to be putrified&

Commentary

The humour must be thus proportioned both for 8uantity and recepti'ity& The humour is proportioned for 8uantity when so much of it is ta0en in by the body as is sufficient for its subtilisation& 1t is proportioned for recepti'ity or the manner of reception, when the humour is not suddenly and at once, but ently and by de rees, or by little and little, ta0en in and drun0 up by the body or seed: Gor a sudden imbibation of the humour cannot so con'eniently 'i'ify the seed, but causes by its sudden and une8ual penetration, that some parts of the body or seed are insufficiently opened or dissol'ed3 hence it happens that Darnel does sometimes come up instead of corn& Therefore the *hilosophers ad'ise the sons of this science to irri ate, or moisten our earth by lon delay and a fre8uent and wearisome attrition&

21
A

The heat which promotes this putrification must be so mild and temperate that the li8uor in which the resol'in from it& salt lyes may re7 main still in and about the matter, and not be la'ed or e'aporated

Commentary

This must be done for two reasons: -st because the body putri7

fyin

must recei'e life in this li8uor: ? because such a

entle

heat dissol'es the salt in the li8uor without 'iolence and disperses it into the matter after a natural manner that the body may now con'eniently putrify3 but if the li8uor were a itated by an e2cessi'e heat the matter in it would be destroyed or spoiled so that it could neither be animated nor recei'e such a putrification as is con'enient for it, and therefore nothin Cin this caseD could be enerated out of the matter& Listen to this *amphiliusJ Thou that aimst at the uni'ersal medicine&

7 ?? 7

1A The body putri&fyin fully perfected& Commentary Therefore when we would out of our rain of corn et a whole must not be remo'ed out of that matri2 in

which the putrifaction was be un until that which is intinded be

ear we lea'e it in the earth until the appointed time of har'est, and then we find the ear ripe and carry it home& 5eeds Csays A'icenD should not be athered until the har'est comes& A11 The more pure the matri2 is, the thin the more perfect and sound& Commentary Gor the pure matri2 Csays LeschusD will yeild pure fruit& !ow the more pure any thin is it is so much the more perfect and durable in its 0ind: On the contrary the impure, it is so much the more imperfect and frail& Therefore an impure matri2, because it yeilds impure fruit, must necessarily also produce it wea0 impermanent and useless& 4hich incon'enience bein willin found in e'ery thin , wise men enerated is by so much

7 ?E 7 to assist nature, attempted to putrify and heal the impure matri2, wheree'er they found it& Grom these attempts sprin ious natures which hindered the a most wise of the and sure e2perience, which tau ht them all impurities and e2tran7 eneration or fosterin

birth in the matri2 were either by a natural or else by an arti7 ficial assistance to be remo'ed and ta0en away& !ow, when for the separation of subtile delitiscent impurities, or the remo'al of any wea0ness, !ature re8uires any help, this must be done by a #u7 dicious and discernin hinderance to 0nowled e: "ut after separation, when these impurities are once e2cluded from the matri2 and are only an eneration by their incumbrance and abode in the place, then there is only re8uired a manual operation as 'olution or e#ection& 4e find a plain demonstration of this in the art of tilla e or husbandry, where the infirm salt of the earth is by the suiphurous fat salt of the dun assisted and stren thened3 but the stones and thistles which lie separated from the matri2 and hinder its fertility only by their wei ht and incumbrance are, by mere handy wor0 cast out and rooted up, that the matri2 of the corn thus dressed may become and be called a fruitful field& The same method do *hilosophers use in their ma#istry and practice3 for they do first pur e their field or matri2, then they inrich or stren then it with the 5ulphur of !ature: And, lastly, cast in their seed, that it may be 'i'ified and multiplyed, and be turned into a most noble and effectual medicine&

7 ?; 7 A111 That matri2 is only con'enient and adapted to permits an easy entrance to the seed& Commentary This is to say, which recei'es it with ease and is no hindrance by its hardness or closeness to the entrance of the eneration which

seed& +ere you must 0now that when the matri2, by reason of hardness, is rown callous and impenetrable, it is then opened and rendered porous a ain by fre8uent a itation that it may be fitted for the conception of seed& 5o the husbandman do plou h up first, then mattochs and afterwards harrow their reen sward or untilled lands and beat e'ery clot asunder, that by this rarefaction and dissolution, the earth may ta0e and recei'e easily in the seed, and put it forth a ain with increase& 1f thou desire to come by the secrets of God, and to use them ri htly to his lory and the ood of thy nei hbour, then do thou, in this *hilosophic tas0 set before thine eyes the laborious and patient husbandman, and be sure to imitate him, them will God, without doubt, fa'our thy ri hteous attempts, and thy heart& 1% Out of that "ody which is either corrupted or destroyed by stran e or e2traneous natures3 or whose sperniatic 'essels are by some 'iolence maimed i'e that into thy possession which will perfectly satisfy all the lon in s of

6 ?= 7 or cut off no seed can be had& Commentary 1t will be a 'ery 'ain and unprofitable attempt for any to hope for issue or healthful seed by a man whose body and radical balsam is depri'ed or dried up by an e2cess of aromatic wines or hot waters, or by some conta eous disease& $unuchs, because their enitals are cut off, cannot propa ate their own species& Let the 5ons of the 5cience 0now Csays the most in enious LeschusD that it is 'ery fruitless wor0 to loo0 for that in dry twi s and lopt branches which can ne'er be found but in the reen and li'in &

2 That body which is preser'ed or sustaines by one sinpie 0ind of nutriment is far more perfect and durable and yeilds more sound and perfect seeds than that which is nourished with many different 0inds of nutriment& Commentary Gor the nearer anythin is to unity it is so much the more

durable3 for in unity there is no di'ision or discord, which is the cause of corruption, and where no corruption is there is a permanent inte rity and conser'ation& Therefore that which is nearest to unity must needs 0eep better and endure lon er than that which is more remote& "ecause there

7 ?. 7 is in the one less discord and more dureable anythin is the seed it yeilds is by so much the more perfect and permanent&

The $n lish edition of this wor0 e2tends only thus far& The fi'e followin chapters ha'e ne'er been published in $n lish&

7 ?/ 7

XI
+ow the Gountain of the 4ise (en becomes Lead& - !ature uses nothin else for the eneratin of lead but our

fountain, that is our mercurius& ? "ecause she ta0es the full moisture of all the $lements, mi2ed with the hea'enly 'i'ifyin moistures, and includin 5pirit of Li ht, and compounds the same with all sorts hetro enial, terrestrial and sulphureous them in the cai'ties of the earth, ba0es time& the impure, until them and di ests the matter a lon

E 4hen all is well united by purification or putrification, then she continues to ba0e it without separatin all is become a blac0 litterin afterwards, with a small fire, lead is melted& ; "ut his ore of lead is not the matter of the 5tone of the 4ise (en with which they transmute imperfect metals into Gold and 5il'er& Common lead has no such perfection that out of it should be prepared the white and red sulphur of the 4ise (en, for in lead they are 'ery raw and imperfect, which imperfection cannot be and hea'y earth, out of which

abolished but by the tincture itself& = Our 5tone is prepared out of our fountain only, which differs 'ery much from common lead, for our mercury is not common lead but the Gather thereof& . And althou h our fountain or mercury often is called lead, yet the 4ise (en always understood thereby our fountain our of which alone our eli2ir is prepared3 because our saturn or fountain, when it has dissol'ed its ma nesia or earth out of which it issued, and is a ain coa u7

7 ?I 7 lated to ether by a small fire, becomes a blac0 hea'y earth, which compound is then called the lead of the 4ise (en& / +e that can ma0e the lead unto him the whole Art is open, for in it lies hid the Gold and 5il'er of the 4ise (en3 that is the white and red sulphur tin in Gold or 5il'er& I Of this lead or 5aturn the poets ha'e written much, tellin us that saturn de'ours all his children, etc& !ote this& +is 5ulphur consumes all that is hid in the matter inclosed in its belly, di ests and concocts it to its ripeness& < "ut Lupiter, obser'in this, with a sharp sythe cuts off the stones of his father saturn and throws them into the seat because the white sulphur, which in the operation appears after blac0ness, abolishes by his piercin the stron power, which is here called the sythe, power of the blac0 sulphur called saturn and throws the enerated all imperfect metals either into

same into the sea& That is the blac0 sulphur comes to be dissol'ed and chan ed into a sea, out of which the fair Aenus is which is the reen colour&

-> 5aturn endea'ours to de'our Lupiter or the white sulphur, but instead of him he swallows a stone which was laid before him, which he spews up a ain upon the mount of +elicon& There the same was erected as a monument for mortals& -- Also our saturn endea'ours to de'our the white colour that appears after blac0ness, but the same is chan ed into a stone& Gor

thou h saturn de'ours the stone yet by continual concoction it is cast up a ain& -? Our thus dissol'ed matter is coa ulated into the stone of the 4ise men, which is to be dissol'ed a ain, and in this manner saturn always de'ours a stone instead of Lupiter, which he spews up upon +elicon, until at len th it becomes our blessed 5tone which is dedicated to 4isdom& 7 ?< 7 -E Out of this our Lupiter and Latona are born Apollo and Diana& This is the last and perfect coction, in which the white and red sulphurs, that is Apollo and Diana, ac8uire their plus8uam perfection& -; +ence we see that our 5aturn or lead is the father of all the ods, for from him come all the metals& %11 +ow the Gountain of the 4ise (en becomes Buic0sil'er& - "etween our fountain and common 8uic0sil'er there is so reat a simpathy& Kea such an one that by many they are accounted to be but one thin & "ut they err, because our fountain is the Gather of 8uic0sil'er and therefore differs much from common 8uic0sil'er& ? Our fountain enerates and ma0es ali'e all thin s& Common 8uic0sil'er destroys, corrupts and 0ills all& E Our fountain is fiery and hot& Common mercury is moist and cold& ; Our fountain is chan ed by a small distillation into a spirit a fi2ed body, but common mercury is a mere spirit and cannot be chan ed into a watery spirit, but rises corporreally without alteration& = The e2tracted spirit of our fountain is fiery, sharp penetratin and subtile, so that it can dissol'e and 0ill all metals3 but the common 8uic0sil'er cannot be made into a spirit,

neither can it dissol'e and 0ill metals: 1t hides them in its belly, but by a small fire it lea'es them a ain unchan ed& 7 E> 7 . Our Gountain dissol'es, coa ulates and ma0es itself, without addition of any thin : !one of which can common mercury do, neither can it be coa ulated without addition of other species& / Our fountain has within it a fi2ed salt white and red& Kea it is all salt and issues out of a saltish ca'ity3 but the common mercury is nothin but a runnin metal, and if we will ma0e salt out of it we must putrify and 0ill it& I Our fountain is potentially Gold and 5il'er, which by coction may be 8uic0sil'er& < Our fountain becomes by mere coction, without any addition, the $li2ir of the 4ise (en, but this cannot be e2pected of common mercury& -> 1n our fountain are all metals potentially3 because it is the seed out of which the common metals, yea 8uic0sil'er itself rows, which cannot be said of common 8uic0sil'er& -- Our fountain produces in earth all sorts of stones, noble and i noble, which common mercury cannot do& -? !ature mi2es earth with our fountain a 'ery subtile and clean body, and includes them in the ca'ities of the earth, ba0es and di ests it li0e other metals until it becomes a dar0, red, litterin earth, which is called the mineral or natural cinabar, 8uic0sil'er& which is distilled by a small fire into runnin ot out of it, which cannot be ot out of common

-E Kea there are 'apours sublimed out of the mercurial minera or ore of cinabar which in cold places run to ether a ain and become mercury& -; Thus in many places mercury is found upon the superficies of

6 E- 6 the earth which ha'e been sublimed out of its hidden minera, and

by the coldness of the ni ht and of the hea'enly dew to ether and made runnin & %111

athered

+ow our Gountain becomes 0nown or manifested to the 4ise (en& - Our fountain must be prepared out of two saline substances, yet of one root, otherwise it is impossible that it pass or be ac7 0nowled ed for ours& ? These two saline substances yeild by a small fire a 'ery fiery spirit which has inumerable names& E 4hen this spirit is drawn off from them they remain as dead earth behind, because they ha'e lost their spirit by distillation& ; "ut if we i'e the dead earth its spirit a ain it becomes, by a soft fire, dissol'ed a ain and a blood red li8uor, which by coction becomes redder and redder, then blac0, and at last thic0 and fat& = The dead earth, before it is #oined a ain with its spirit has also many names from the 4ise (en, as may be seen in their writin s& . 4hen this spirit by due coction is once united with its body they can ne'er be separated a ain& / "ecause by continued decoction they become fi2t and abidin in the fire3 and althou h they flow in the fire yet they fume not away&

7E?7 I Thus our matter has a two fold name, yet it comes from one root& < 1t is mineral and !ature has i'en it a mineral form, but left the same imperfect: 1t flows easily: 1t is compounded of 'olatile and fi2t, and when they are united they purify, and then they become perfect& -> 1n this operation they become all sorts of colours as

blac0, white, red& After redness they chan e no more& -- This matter after ha'in best 5il'er and Gold& -? "y this time our fountain is made manifest, unto which we must add that the 'olatile part thereof is of a 'ery sour taste, penetratin nature, and sharp 8uality& recei'ed perfect whiteness, perfect redness and fi2ation, tin es all imperfect metals into the

%1A 4hether our fountain to come to its perfection stands in need of common Gold and 5il'erH - Our fountain cannot come to its perfection without Gold and 5il'er, but this 5un and (oon are not common 5un and (oon, but somethin else not stran e to our fountain neither a ainst it& ? "ecause that 5un and (oon which contributes to the perfection of our fountain and is first part thereof, of a double nature, white and red, the white is called 5il'er and the red Gold& E +ence it appears to be 'ery true that our fountain cannot be 7 EE 7 brou ht to perfection without 5il'er and Gold, for Gold and 5il'er are the fi2t and permanent part thereof, which can, shall and must fi2 the 'olatile& ; 1t is of that of which is sun : )"y Art dissol'e the fi2t and after let it fly3 And fi2 the Aolatile that not it rise hi h&, = 1t is the Gold which must be disslo'ed and chan ed into a spirit by its own spirit& . 4e cannot say so of common Gold, for where must we et the spirit of common 5ol and with the same dissol'e it and chan e it into a spirit& This is also to be understood of common 5il'er& / Therefore when we spea0 of Gold and 5il'er we always under7 stand those which are in our fountain and are mate in it& I The spirit of the hea'enly sun, when united with the fat

moisture of the elements, by his heat fi2es and coa ulates, and produces a peculiar salt which appropriates to itself the 'irtues and 8ualities of the hea'enly li ht and stri'es to become li0e its father& +ence the 4ise (en ha'e Gold, whereas in truth it is salt and has the nature of salt& < Also the 5il'er which is in our fountain is no common 5il'er& 1t is hidden salt in it, but in respect of its power and 'irtue it is called 5il'er& -> And yet it is but one and not a two fold salt, as if one should be 5ol and the other Luna: !o, it is only one salt, called either 5ol or Luna after a different manner& -- 4hen our salt has ac8uired the hi hest whiteness then we call it Luna, but when it comes to the hi hest redness then we call it 5ol& Our fountain cannot subsist without this 5ol and Luna, and what we say

7 E; 7 cannot be applied to common 5ol and Luna& -? And althou h the 4ise (en want some common Gold in the fermentation of their 5tone, that the same may be determinated to transmute imperfect metals into 5ol, it does not therefore follow that common 5ol should ma0e perfect our 5tone& -E On the contrary our 5tone rather ma0es perfect common 5ol and Luna3 because the most perfect 5ol is imperfect and unfruitful without our 5tone& "ut when it comes to be united to our 5tone it becomes ali'e and fruitful and can communicate part of its perfection to other metals& -; (any busy themsel'es in endea'ours to dissol'e common Gold and brin it into a true essence but in 'ain& 1t is a labour not on& worth once thin0in

-= There is another solution which is true and natural, which is performed by itself, because the sol'ent and that which is to be disso:'ed in it are both of one substance& Therefore are they radically dissol'ed& -. 4e must loo0 after this solution and not the common,

because our sol'ent, our 5ol, and our Luna, althou h they seem to be to ether yet are but one thin and are in one substance& -/ This a fool cannot understand: As soon as he hears this he falls into errors, not only in what concerns the preparation of the matter but also in the administration of the fire, ma0in the o'en, ma0in of the furnace, closin the 'essels and the determination of the wei ht& -I The powerful 'irtue and operation of the li ht in our matter is our wei ht& +e that does not 0now and understand this must certainly err& of

7 E= 6 %A +ow much our Gountain wants of its Gold and 5il'er to come to its perfection& - !ature has no wei ht in the ? "ut in ma0in one bein eneration of metals, because it

has but one only matter wherein it wor0s& our fountain e'ery one is admonished to ta0e care of the wei ht because our fountain consists of two matters, the male, the other the female, in whose con#unction we this must needs trouble oursel'es about the wei ht& 1n #oinin male and female to ether this our fountain is borne& E "ut e'ery wei ht will not ser'e in this wor0, but only that which has its due determination& ; Know therefore that e8ual ~arts of both these matters are to be ta0en in the celebration of our first marria e, but in the second marria e in which the 'olatile is #oined with the fi2ed the wei ht must be otherwise considered& = Gor the fi2ed part must be dissol'ed by the 'olatile and turned into water: +ence there must be more of the 'olatile than of the fi2t in this solution and con#unction& . 5ome ta0e ten parts of the 'olatile to one part of the fi2t,

some se'en, some but three 1t suffices that so much of the 'olatile water be ta0en as the solution of the fi2t part re8uires& / (uch water dissol'es 8uic0ly, but then the coa ulation which follows ta0es the lon er3 on which the i norant, not 0nowin the wor0 does not coa ulate in due time& the nature of this wor0, fall into desperation when they percei'e that

7 E. 7 I 1 ha'e ta0en much water, but then after dissolution the superfluous is abstracted a ain, and God has blessed my wor0 richly& < There is yet another way to be used in the multiplication to moisten the white and the red wor0, which is done by our hi hly rectified fountain3 and here you must be 'ery cautious& Gor the white you must only pour the thic0ness of a paper upon it, which must be often repeated until the 5tone is perfectly satiated and it becomes perfect white and red& -> 1n this operation Art does not follow !ature, for Art stands in need of a certain wei ht but !ature is her own wei ht, for she ta0es as much as is necessary and thrusts away the rest, reser'in thin & -- Know for a conclusion that you need ta0e care for nothin but to ac8uire our fountain Cunto which will not only ser'e you this Treatise, but also my other treatise entitled )The 9ules of 4isdom and Chemestry, with my third one called )5an uis !aturae, which will i'e you sufficiently, yea abundant instruction and e2positionsD because this fountain comprehends the whole *hilosophical wor0, ma0es the same and corrects all errors, if perhaps committed& "esides this fountain is to be hi hly esteemed, because we want neither fire nor furnace nor 'essel, for our fountain is all these if you understand it ri ht& -? +ast thou obtained this fountain then thou hast whole !ature in thy power& Thou lac0in nothin , but ha'e all thin s it for other uses& !ature has nothin ood for this is useless or ood for another superfluous, for what is not

that thou desire already in thy hand, for which praise L$+OAA+J

7 E/ 7

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