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LUNAR

DPX-IQ Service Manual

Rev. E (3/98)

Chapter 5
Diagnostics
This chapter contains brief discussions of the tools diskette and the error log. 5.1 Tools Diskette..........................................................................................................5-1 Tools Directory..............................................................................................................5-1 Installing Edit Scan........................................................................................................5-2 Using Edit Scan ............................................................................................................5-2 Loading and Removing the Diagnostic Utilities..............................................................5-7 5.2 Error Log ...............................................................................................................5-13

Diagnostics

Chapter 5

LUNAR

DPX-IQ Service Manual

Rev. E (3/98)

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Chapter 5

Diagnostics

LUNAR

DPX-IQ Service Manual

Rev. E (3/98)

5.1

Tools Diskette

LUNAR Tools diskettes are not available to the customer. This software is available to LUNAR authorized representatives only. The Tools diskettes have three utilities. The software for each utility resides in a separate subdirectory on the Tools diskette. The subdirectories are named: Tools, Diags and Monitor.

Tools Directory
There are 6 files in the TOOLS subdirectory. ERRDUMP CR FF PRCONFIG EDITSCAN WINDPMI EXE

EXE EXE 386

Most of these files are loaded in to the customer's computer when the system software is loaded. ERRDUMP.EXE is a program that records LUNAR software activity into a file (ERRLOG.BIN). The program records entry to and exit from the LUNAR software, errors that may occur during the operation of the software and what software program was being run when the error occurred. The files that are not part of the system software are CR and FF. CR and FF stand for "carriage return" and "form feed". The Edit Scan program lets you edit a patient's mandatory and optional information, unanalyze a file, and change the Scan Type and Side information in femur and orthopedic hip files. These are instructions for installing and using the Edit Scan program: NOTE: These instructions assume that the DPX-IQ software is installed on the C Drive in the \LUNAR subdirectory. If the DPX-IQ software is not installed in this location, substitute the drive letter and subdirectory in which the software is installed in place of "C:\LUNAR" in these instructions.

Tools Diskette

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LUNAR

DPX-IQ Service Manual

Rev. E (3/98)

Installing Edit Scan


The Edit Scan file must be copied to the subdirectory on your fixed disk that contains the DPXIQ software. 1. 2. Place the Tools diskette in the A Drive. At the DOS prompt, type: copy a:\tools\editscan.exe c:\lunar Press [Enter]. The EDITSCAN.EXE file should now be copied to the C:\LUNAR subdirectory, and the Edit Scan program is ready to use.

Using Edit Scan


When editing a scan file, LUNAR strongly recommends a copy of the scan file be edited to protect the original file from damage. NOTE: The instructions in this section assume the Edit Scan program was copied to the C:\LUNAR subdirectory. If the program was copied to a different subdirectory, substitute the name of that subdirectory for "LUNAR" in these instructions. Edit Scan must be run from the subdirectory to which it was copied in the "Installing Edit Scan" section. Make sure the DOS prompt for that subdirectory appears on the screen. If the C:\LUNAR> prompt appears on the screen, go to step 2 to continue. If the C:\LUNAR> prompt does not appear on the screen, type: c:[Enter] Next type: cd\lunar[Enter] The C:\LUNAR> prompt should now appear on the screen. 2. At the prompt, type: editscan[Enter]. A message appears asking for the scan file name. Enter the drive letter, the name of the subdirectory in which the copy of the file is located, and the name of the file. For example, to edit a copy of Jane Smith's first femur scan (SMITHJ00.F00) with the copy located in the C:\STUDY subdirectory, type: c:\study\smithj00.f00[Enter]

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Tools Diskette

LUNAR 4.

DPX-IQ Service Manual

Rev. E (3/98)

Use the function keys listed in the menu to edit the file. The function keys are described in the section entitled "Function Keys" below. If the Scan Type or Right Side information are changed, be sure to unanalyze the file ([F3]) before exiting the program. There will be problems opening the file if it is not unanalyzed. When finished editing, press [Home] from the Scan File Editor menu to exit the program. A message appears asking if you want to save your changes. Press [Y] to save the changes, press [N] not to.

NOTE:

5.

6.

Function Keys

F1 F2 F3 Home

- Patient Information - Selected Parameters - Unanalyze File - Previous

Figure 1 - Scan File Editor Menu [F1]-Patient Information Press [F1], Patient Information, to edit the patient's information. The patient's mandatory and optional information appear. Use the arrow keys to move from field to field. Use only UPPER CASE characters when entering information into the Ethnic Code and Base Filename fields. If you do not use UPPER CASE characters in these fields, problems may occur during analysis or database rebuilding. Press [Home] to return to the Scan File Editor menu.

Tools Diskette

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LUNAR

DPX-IQ Service Manual

Rev. E (3/98)

[F2]-Selected Parameters Press [F2], Selected Parameters, to change the scan type and side. The Selected Parameters fields appear (Figure 2).

Scan Type Right Side Auto Analyzed Prtprocessed Thickness

Femur True True True 16.09899

Figure 2 - Selected Parameters Field The only fields you can edit are the Scan Type and Right Side fields. The AutoAnalyzed and Preprocessed fields are changed when you unanalyze a file. The Thickness field cannot be changed. Only use the [F2] option to make only the following edits: change a femur scan to an orthopedic hip scan change an orthopedic hip scan to a femur scan change a right femur to a left femur change a left femur to a right femur

DO NOT change the scan type for scans that are not femur or orthopedic hip scans (for example, do not change an AP spine scan to a total body scan). Making changes other than femur and orthopedic hip changes may destroy data. Use the arrow keys to move from field to field. Change the scan type by highlighting the Scan Type field and pressing one of the following number keys: 1 - AP Spine 2 - Femur 3 - Lateral 4 - Total Body 5 - Forearm 6 - Orthopedic For example, to change a femur scan to an orthopedic hip scan, highlight the Scan Type field and press [6]. To change an orthopedic hip scan to a femur scan, press [2]. Edit the Right Side field by highlighting the Right Side field and pressing either [1] or [2]. 1 - True 2 - False If "True" appears in the Right Side field, the scan is a right femur scan. If "False" appears in the Right Side field, the scan is a left femur scan. 5-4 Tools Diskette

LUNAR

DPX-IQ Service Manual

Rev. E (3/98)

Press [Home] to return to the Scan File Editor menu. [F3]-Unanalyze File Press [F3], Unanalyze File, to unanalyze a file. A new screen does not appear when [F3] is pressed because the program unanalyzes the file immediately after it is pressed. To check that the file is unanalyzed, press [F2], Scan Parameters. The word "False" appears in the AutoAnalyzed and Preprocessed fields when the file is unanalyzed. Monitor Directory The Monitor directory contains 3 files. They are: DL FIRMVER DPXFIRM EXE EXE HEX

These files contain and load the monitor program into the EEPROM of the scanner's SBC board. This software is also part of the System Diskette and is automatically loaded as part of the software loading procedures. The monitor program may be run by typing the command: DL [Enter] and following the instructions which appear on the computer monitor. CAUTION: If the latest version of the tools diskette is not used, the correct monitor version may be overwritten with an earlier version! When in doubt, contact the Lunar Service Department.

If you wish to see which version of the SBC monitor program is currently programmed into the SBC, type: FIRMVER [Enter]

Tools Diskette

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LUNAR

DPX-IQ Service Manual

Rev. E (3/98)

Diags Directory The Diags directory contains 2 files and one subdirectory. They are: ANC (DIR) DIAGNOS BAT DIAGS EXE The Diagnostic software performs various tests used to verify proper operation of the scanner as well as to troubleshoot scanner failures. The diagnostic tests are discussed later in this document. DIAGNOS.BAT is a batch program to transfer the diagnostic files to or remove them from the computer's hard drive. The loading or erasing includes all of the files found in the ANC subdirectory within the Diags directory. The loading or erasing does not include the files found in the Tools or Monitor directories. DIAGS.EXE is the file containing the software to run the diagnostic tests on the scanner. DIAGS\ANC Directory The ANC directory within the DIAGS directory contains four directories. These directories are: ENGLISH FRENCH GERMAN SPANISH (DIR) (DIR) (DIR) (DIR)

Each of these directories contain the software to provide the diagnostic screen displays in one of the four languages available. At this time not all screens have been translated into the other languages.

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Tools Diskette

LUNAR

DPX-IQ Service Manual

Rev. E (3/98)

Loading and Removing the Diagnostic Utilities


Loading the Program The Diagnostic programs can be loaded by running the DIAGNOS program. Insert the Tools diskette in the A drive and type: a:\diags\diagnos load (subdirectory) [Enter]. (all characters must be lower case), where (subdirectory) is where the executable program is located (i.e., dpx*.exe, orthoped.exe, or sa.exe). Once the loading procedure is complete, the diagnostic software can be accessed by typing DIAGS from the C:\(subdirectory) prompt. Removing the Program from the Customer's Fixed Disk Type: a:\diags\diagnos unload (subdirectory) [Enter] (all characters must be lower case) Using Diags To begin the Diagnostic program, start at the C:\(subdirectory) prompt and type: DIAGS [Enter] The scanner and the system printer must be connected, turned on and on line for the software to continue past the gray screen and produce the Diagnostics Main Menu. If the computer locks up at the gray screen, see section 8.12 Diags begins with the Quality Assurance Tests Menu selected. To return to this part of the program from the other programs, press (F4).

Tools Diskette

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LUNAR F4 Quality Assurance Tests

DPX-IQ Service Manual

Rev. E (3/98)

1. Peak / Set AMP Gain See "Peak Adjustment Procedure" section 6.1. 2. Multiple Standard Scans This selection runs the Quality Assurance Tests automatically. This is an excellent device for testing the scanner over night. It should be used overnight when installations run more than one day. Include the reports with the installation report. When this option is selected, the "System Configuration" screen will come up. ACCEPT THE DEFAULT VALUES for everything except the Number of Calibration Scans and Number of Scan Sets. If the default values are changed the results will not be meaningful. NOTE: One set of 50 standard scans takes approximately ten hours to run.

Press (Esc) to begin the sets of Quality Assurance Tests. The results of the scans will not be printed out until the completion of ALL the scans. If the delay has been turned on in the Print Manager, then the printouts will begin to be printed at the designated time. 3. Perform Air Matrix Scan If (3) is selected, the "Matrix" menu appears. Normally all of the default values should be used. Remove the table top and insert a 1/4" piece of aluminum (or an attenuation insert) must be between the tube head and the detector. If this is not done, the results will not be valid. If it is not desired that the entire scan area be scanned, smaller numbers may be entered for Scan Lines (longitudinal scan length) and Scan Points (transverse scan length). When installing the scanner, always use the default settings so that the alignment over the entire scanning surface is examined. If "Stop" is selected for Detector Motion, all of the data will be collected in one place. Press (Esc) to begin the scan. The "Matrix Acquisition" screen will appear. Write down the file name in the upper right hand corner. 4. Analyze Air Matrix Scan When the Air Matrix scan is over, the "Quality Assurance Tests" menu will appear again. This time, press (4) to analyze the Air Matrix scan. Type in the name of the Air Matrix Scan file. After the program finishes reading and processing the file data, a list of options will be displayed: F1 F2 F3 F4 Overall Statistics Line Statistics Column Statistics Deviation Image

Home - Previous

Selecting (F1) will display the statistical analysis and ask if a printout is desired. The F2 and F3 options are not implemented at this time. The (F4) option shows a color pattern of each pixel's 5-8 Tools Diskette

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DPX-IQ Service Manual

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deviation (in units of standard deviations) from the mean value of all pixels. There is a choice of High Channel Counts, Low Channel Counts, or Worst Case (the computer selects the most deviant of the two channels). The Deviation Image can be very helpful in determining how to take corrective action when the Air Matrix Scan fails (see "Failing Air Matrix Results" section 8.10). 5. Static Counter The Static Counter is one of the most useful of the Diagnostic programs. The Static Counter program was primarily designed to take sample counts of the 38 and 70 keV channels, and display the counts on the monitor screen, print them on the printer, or dump the results to a file. However, this program can do much more. Set the X-ray Spectrum and Intensity: The X-ray High Voltage can be set from 0 to 80 kV and the current can be set from 0 A to 5000 A (high current applicable to Spellman power supply systems only). CAUTION: Do not operate at over 1000 A for more than 5 minutes. And if operated at high current for 5 minutes, allow a 10 minute cooling period. Operation at 750 A and lower during this cooling period is acceptable.

NOTE:

When kV and mA parameters are set in the Static Counter X-rays are being made regardless if sampling is being done. All time limitations start when kV and mA are set, and end when they are lowered to 750 A or less, not when sampling begins and ends!

Using the arrow keys, move the cursor to the Operating Voltage or Tube Current entries. Use the backspace key to create some spaces, and then type the appropriate number. The voltage and current are changed as soon as the (Enter) key is pressed. Press (F1) and use the front panel position switches to move the Tube Head and detector to any location. This feature is useful for positioning the x-ray beam for the alignment pictures. Press (Home) to leave the scanner at the present position and return to the scanner control screen, or choose (Esc) to allow the scanner to automatically adjust for the Patient Locator Light offset. The Collimator may be toggled between Medium and Fine: Use the arrow keys to move the cursor to the Collimator entry. Press (1) for medium collimation, and (2) for small collimation. The Sampling Parameters determine how often the SBC reads the 38 and 70 keV counts and reports these counts to the program. There should not be any need to change the Samples per Second or Number of Samples value. It may be useful to change the number of repeats to a large value if an x-ray beam or counts are needed for a long period of time. Otherwise 50 repeats (the default value) is perfect for making alignment pictures.

Tools Diskette

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DPX-IQ Service Manual

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Data Corrections should be normally left OFF. When Data Corrections are switched ON, the software will correct the counts for signal superpositions caused by multiple photons striking the detector simultaneously, and for dead time (the inability of the counting electronics to react to two photons arriving at the detector nearly simultaneously). The Data Output may be directed to a printer or a file in addition to the display on the monitor screen. To print the results, move the cursor to "To Printer" and press (1) to turn this feature ON. To save the results to a file, move the cursor to "To File" and press (1) to turn this feature ON. Move the cursor down one more line to set the file name, or allow the data to be stored in the default file C:\STATIC.LOG. After the Scanner Parameters, Sampling Parameters, and Data Output modes have been set, the sampling process can be started by pressing the (ESC) key. 6. Quick Collimation Ratio This test runs part of the daily QA to test the collimation ratio in our factory.

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Tools Diskette

LUNAR F1 Limit Switch Diagnostics

DPX-IQ Service Manual

Rev. E (3/98)

1. Limit Switch Closure If (1) is pressed, the status of each of the four limit switches is displayed. This option is helpful in determining if all of the Limit Switches and their associated cables are operating correctly, and if their signals are being properly interpreted by the SBC Board. 2. Set Limit Switches If (2) is selected, the program may be used in conjunction with the home position fixture to set and verify limit switch positions. The program starts with the adjustment of the Transverse Home Limit Switch (which would normally be a selection of (F4)). The other switches may be selected by pressing (F1) through (F4): (F1) sets and verifies the Longitudinal Home Limit Switch (F2) sets and verifies the Longitudinal Away Limit Switch (F3) sets and verifies the Transverse Away Limit Switch (F4) sets and verifies the Transverse Home Limit Switch The setting and verification of the Limit Switches can only be done with the Table Top removed. Once the desired switch is selected, press (1) to set and (2) to verify. When (1) is pressed, the program asks that the scanner be moved to Home using the Front Panel Position Switches. With the End Doors and Front Panel removed, the Home Position Fixture, which is part of the Alignment Kit, should be positioned in the Home corner of the scanner. Use the Front Panel Position Switches to move the scanner until the large collimator hole is directly beneath the hole in the Home Position Fixture. Press (Esc) and the scanner will move to the exact position where the Limit Switch should be set. Set the Limit Switch, and press (Esc). Once the Limit Switch is set, the program allows for verification immediately. The verification is the same as selecting (2) above. The Position Switches are used again to align the large collimator hole with the Home Position Fixture hole. When (Esc) is pressed, the scanner will move until it closes the Limit Switch. As soon as it closes the Limit Switch, the program will display whether or not the Limit Switch has been set within allowed tolerances. 3. Limit To Limit Distance If (3) is selected from the Limit Switch Diagnostics menu, the scanner will step from one Limit Switch to the next around the perimeter of the scan window. This is the same test performed in the Quality Assurance Test and reported as Transverse and Longitudinal Mechanics values. 4. Home Scanner Moves arm to home position.

Tools Diskette

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LUNAR F2 Motor Diagnostics

DPX-IQ Service Manual

Rev. E (3/98)

1. Position Controls If (1) is pressed, the Front Panel Position Switches may be tested. 2. Distance Accuracy If (2) is selected, the source and detector will be moved either 100 mm transversely or longitudinally. 3. Speed Accuracy If (3) is selected, the transverse or longitudinal speed is calculated and displayed on the screen. No speed tolerances are given or have been set. 4. Cable Stress Burn-In This program runs the scan arm several ways to stress the cables. F3 X-Ray Diagnostics The (F3) option allows the following devices to be tested by cycling them on and off: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Patient Localizer (Light) Collimator Selection Solenoid / Beam Indicator X-Ray Relay Linearity/Reproducibility Tubehead Thermocouple

Option 5. from this menu is a test that is used in the LUNAR Quality Control Department to verify that the X-ray beam intensity is proportional to the X-ray Insert current, and independent of line voltage. F5 Print Manager Please see Chapter 17 of the Version 3.4 Operator's Manual. F6 Select Language

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DPX-IQ Service Manual

Rev. E (3/98)

5.2

Error Log

When the DPX-IQ system hardware or software senses an error, it makes an entry into the errlog.bin file. Each entry refers to a line or lines of code in the program that was running at the time and is therefore generally unreadable. Certain entries, however, are fairly common and can be useful in trouble-shooting. Here is a list of common codes: NOTE: If the computer is rebooted after an error has occurred, the error is not usually saved to the error log. Entry # on Right 15 23 27 29 30 66 71 78 80 89 232 255 NOTE: Problem Transverse Optical Interrupt Longitudinal Optical Interrupt 28V Power Supply or Relay Emergency Stop Button Serial Time Out Ramping Failure Success Ramp (only after 66's) Faulty Negative Power Supply Faulty Positive Power Supply Emergency Stop Button with Laser On No Communication with SBC Serial Time Out

Although error codes 78 and 80 usually mean the above, they can mean that either power supply is bad or that they both are.

Error Log

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The program used to access the error log is ERRDUMP.EXE in the C:\LUNAR directory. This program is the only way to display the information in the ERROR LOG. To use this program, exit the DPX-IQ system software to the C:\LUNAR> prompt. Then the options for using ERRDUMP are: 1. Type ERRDUMP [Enter] This will display on the screen only information for the last time the software was run. This is most useful to run immediately after an error has occurred. Type ERRDUMP -l -n [Enter] This will display all information in the ERRLOG.BIN. This option is more useful for investigating a problem that has occurred over several days. Type either above command followed by >PRN. This will send the information to the printer for a hard copy which then may be faxed to LUNAR for analysis.

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Error Log