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REPORT OF RESULTS

[L51 08]
CONCRETE MIX DESIGN ANALYSIS
3000 PSI - LIGHTWEIGHT - AIR-ENTRAINED
FOR USE AS
GENERAL CONSTRUCTION DESIGN
FOR VARIOUS PROJECTS

Submitted To

.ARKANSAS LIGHTWEIGHT AGGREGATE CORPORATION


P.O. Box 1567 Highway 147 South West Memphis, Arkansas 72301
Submitted By

CONSTRUCTION
QUALITY
CONSULTANTS
ENGINEERING. INSPECTION - TESTING

1579 THREE PLACE MEMPHIS,


TENNESSEE 38116

January 1, 1993

REPORT OF RESULTS
[L5108]
CONCRETE MIX DESIGN ANALYSIS

3000 PSI - LIGHTWEIGHT - AIR-ENTRAINED

FOR USE AS
GENERAL CONSTRUCTION DESIGN FOR
VARIOUS PROJECTS

INTRODUCTION
At the request of Mr. Merle Weaver of Arkansas lightweight Aggregate Corporation, Construcliol,l
Quality Consultanls. Inc. has prepared this Concrete Mix Design Analysis 10 provide a lightweight concrete
which is capable of yielding 28-day compressive strengths in excess of three thousand (3000) pounds per
square inch when tested in accordance with ASTM C 39. . This mix utilizp.s Arkalite (lightweight aggregale)
and was produced using a water reducing admixture and an air-entraining admixture. The trial batch
represented by IIlis report was proportioned 10 provide a slump 01 three (3) inches for concrete placement
by bucket or chute. However, Ihe addition of an approved high range wa~er-reducing admixture
(superplasticizer) al the manufacturer's recommended dosage rate to increase the slump to seven (7)
inches. will allow placement 10 be achieved by pumping. The use of the high range water reducer will have
no adverse eliecl on the compressive strengths of the hardened concrete. The concrete propoltioned in
accordance with this report is intended for general use as delineated b}' the specification criteria which
follows; i1 is, therefore, not designed to meel the requirements of any particular individual project.
The constituent materials, Le., cement. fine aggregate, coarse aggregate, admixtures, and water were
obtained per information provided in the Constituent Malerials Sources section of this report. Laboratory
analyses were performed on the fine and coarse aggregates to establish the physical characlerislics
required for proporlioning the mix. Specific test data can be found in Appendix "A" of this repor!.
It shou1dbe noted Ihat all sampling and testing of constituent materials was performed in accordance
with applicable ASTM Standard Procedures and acceptance criteria staled within this report is in
accordance wilh ASTIII1 Standards. Proportioning of the concrete mixture was accomplished in
accordance wilh ACI 211.2.

ddilion 01 3
7
HRWR

Air

SPECIFICATION CRITERIA

Conte
nl

211.2,
entilled,
"Recommended Practice for
Selecting
Proportions
for
Structural Lightweight Concrete

C
O
N
S
T
I
T
U
E
N
T

Range

ACI

as modified/specified by the clients


specifications and as delineated
hereafter:
Minimum
Compressive
Strength

Mini
mum
Cem
enl
Facto
r

Maximum
Water/Cement
Ratio

Maximum
Coarse
Aggregate
Size

Slump

Belore
addilion
01
HRWR

3000 PSI @
28 Days

5.5 Bags/Cubic
Yard (517 Lbs)

Not
Specified

1/2
Inch
(Nominal Size)

A
l
l
e
r
a

M
A
T
E
R
I
A
L
S
O
U
R
C
E
S

CONSTITUENT
Cement

Coarse Aggregate

Fine Aggregate

-DESGRIPTION

MATERIAL SOURCE

Porlland

Lone Star Industries.

Type I

Memphis, Tennessee

Arkalite

Arkansas Lightweight Aggregate Co.

1/2" to No.4

West Memphis,

C33 Sand

Memphis Stone
Hernando. Mississippi

Waler Reducing Admixture

Pozzolith 220-N

Masler Builders. Inc.


Cleveland. Ohio

Air-Entraining Admixture

MB-VR

Masler Builders. Inc.


Cleveland. Ohio

High Range Waler Reducing

Pozzolith 440-N

Cleveland. Ohio

Admixture 1
Potable

Water

1 Recommended lor use


when the desired method

of placement
pumping.

Master Builders. Inc.

is by

City

of Memphis. Tennessee

HARDENED CONCRETE TEST DATA


UNIT WEIGHT OF ST ASTM C 567
RUCTURAL LlGHTW
EIGHT CONCRETE

28 Day

Cylinder

Air-Dry

Identification
Number

Unit Weiaht

L5 1 08 M

105.8 Lbs/Ft3

L5108N
L51080

106.2 Lbs/Ft3
106.3 Lbs/Ft3

L5108P

106.0 Lbs/Ft3

Average

106
.1

Lbs/Ft
3

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR USE


Following are a lew recommendations lor maintaining unilormity and consistency in the
production 01 this concrete mixture:
( 1) Ag~re9ate stockpiles should be maintained to prevent segrepation and periodic tests
should be made to insure that the gradation 01 the fine and coarse aggregates and the
fineness modulus 01 the sand is not significantly differenl from the malerials used lor
Ihis design mix analysis.
( 2) Efforts should be made to maintain the aggregate stockpile in a moist condition to
insure that the materials have total absorption.
( 3) Periodic moisture determinations (daily or more olten as warranled) should be made on
aggregate materials to' determine the amount 01 free moisture on the surface 01 the
aggregates with the test data used to adjust the actual proportions batctled. Le.. batch
water quantity decreased and the fine and coarse aggregate quantities increased.
( 4) Variations in the moisture conlent 01 ligtllweigl1\ aggregates al the time of bat ching
will cause significant variations in the fresh unit weight and yield of the resultant
lightweight concrete. Moisture checks should be made and the aggregate
proportions adjusted accordingly based on the fresh unit weights obtained during
placement.
(5) Adjustments may be required for the addition of air-enlraining admixture. These
adjustmenls (increased or decreased addition rates) should be made based on the
measured air contenl al the time of placement.

DESIGN MIX PROPORTIONS


TRIAL BATCH DATA GRAVIMETRIC
DESIGN MIX PROPORTIONS SA TURA TEDSURFACE-DRY BASIS
MATERIAL WEIGHT
Lbs. / Cu. Yd.
CONSTITUENT MATERIAL
DESCRIPTION

517
1)

Cement
Air (Entrapped & Entrained)
(MB-VR @ 2.0 oZlyd3)

(Note 1)

Water Reducit;'lg Admixture .


(Pozzolith 220-N @ '0.0 oZlyd3) High Range Water
Reducing Admixture
(Pcizzolith 440-N @ 40.0 oZ/yd3)2
Water
Total Paste
Lightweight Coarse Aggregate
(16.0 Cu. Ft. . Loose, Damp)
Fine Aggregate
(~7.0 Cu. Ft. . Loose, Damp)

(Note

(Note
1)

225

742
698
159
6

2294
Total Aggregates

3036
Total

of All Constituents

NOTE 1

- Weight of this constituent is negligible with respect to the cumulative

weight of all constituents.

On Monday, December 4, 1992 . a trial batch of 4.0 cubic feet was prepared in accordance with the
proportioning information provided above. The batch water, as shown, was corrected for free moisture on
the aggregates and the mixing was done in accordance with ASTM C 192. Fresh concrete tests, i.e.. slump,
air content, temperature and unit weight were performed; ten (10) compressive strength specimens were
cast for determining the physical strength characteristics of the concrete; and, four (4) specimens were cast
for determining the air-dry unit weight. Test data for both the fresh and hardened concrete tests follow in this
report.
2 Recommended for use when the desired method of placement is by pumping.

FRESH CONCRETE TEST DATA


TEST DESCRIPTION

Slump
Before Addition of HRWR
Aller Addition 01 HRWR
Air Content
Fresh Unit Weight
Yield

TEST

TEST
MEIH2IL-

RESULTS

ASTM C 143
3 inches
7 inches
ASTM C 173

5.1 percent

ASTM C 138

111.8 Lbs/Cu Ft

ASTM C 138

27.07 Cu FVCu

Yd
Temperature Ambient Concrete

--------ASTM C 1064

HARDENED CONCRETE

TES
T

DATA

ASTM C 39
COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF CYLINDRICAL CONCRETE SPECIMENS
Cylinder

Average

10

Diameter

(In.}

5108A

5.99

51088

5.98

5108C

5.99

51080

6.00

5108E

5.99

510BF

5.99

5108G

5.99

510BH

5.99

5108 I

5.99

5108J

5.99

Area

Test

Test

Date

Age
LQ.Q.
W

(Sa In I
28.1
8
28.0
9
28.1
8
28.2
7
28.1
8
28.1
8
28.1
8
28.1
8
28.1
8
28.1
8

Maximum
loa
d

Compressive

Fracture

Strength

Type

(lbsl

/PSI!

Averag
e
Compo
Str.
/PSI!

12/07/92

61,000

2160

C. Shear

12/07/92

59.000

2100

C. Shear

12/11/92

84,000

2980

C. Shear

12/11/92

85,500

3020

C. Shear

12/11/92

85,000

3020

C. Shear

12/1 B/92

14

103,500

3670

C. Shear

12/18/92

14

103,500

3670

Cone

01/01/93

28

112,000

3970

C, Shear

01/01/93

28

112,000

3970

C. Shear

01/01/93

28

111,500

3960

C. Shear

. 2130

3010

3670

3970