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REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

Sevilles Royal Dockyards

Escuela Tcnica Superior de Arquitectura de Sevilla

Other Technologies, Industrialisation and Prefabrication

Heritage and Local Identity

Old city Centre

Soft riverfront vs. hard riverfront

Arenal Gate (currently Postigo del Aceite) REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA Dockyards location

1. Location

Panoramic view of Seville from its western riverfront, and Atarazanas highlighted location. The dockyard complex lays flanked by the Postigo del Aceite (Gate of the Oil, left) and the Puerta del Carbn (Gate of the Charcoal), protected by the Silver Tower and the Golden Tower, by the riverside. Braun and Hogenberg, 1623 REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

1. Location

The Port of Seville in 1498, by Alonso Snchez-Coello. Main view of Sevilles harbour at the Arenal, soft riverfront at the inner side of the Guadalquivir rivers meander. The discovery of America brought Seville to Europes front stage thanks to its location. Close enough to the Atlantic sea and embraced by the navigable Guadalquivir river, it provided its harbour a safe landing point for the intense naval commerce. REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

1. Location

REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

2. A bit of History

The original complex has suffered several transformations throughout History. From its original 17 naves, only 7 remain currently as a unitary space in a similar way to what they were planned for. The Customs were built on its SW side in 1587, where nowadays the Tax Department is located. Later in 1641, five of the Atarazanascentral naves were transformed into the Hospital de la Caridad (Hospital of Charity) and its church. King Alfonso X the Wise ordered its construction in 1252, little time after the conquest of the city from the muslims in 1248 by his father, King Fernando III of Castille. Right: Hospital of Charity. Bottom-right: aerial view of the Customs. Torn down in 1940

ATARAZANAS

HOSPITAL

CUSTOMS

Left: Customs main faade in the early 20s. Right: sandy area in front of the dockyards and the customs, with the Golden Tower at the right. Note that the fore front of the Atarazanas shows a wall-like architecture, currently lost, its rear faade being the Almohad wall between the Gate of the Oil and the Gate of the Charcoal.

REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

2. A bit of History

Left: views of the Hospital of Charity from the current Tax Department and the Atarazanas main faade. Right: some arches of the original structure of the Atarazanas still remain visible in the patio of the Hospital.

REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

2. A bit of History

Right: Teatro de la Maestranza, built between 1987-1991. Bottom: main faade of the Atarazanas, a cross-wise addition to the prior building, made up of three naves. Note the proximity to the Cathedral. From 1762 on, the restructuring of the Army and Artillery eventually redefine the function of the remaining complex, becoming the Maestranza de Artillera (Artillery Armoury). Its fore front view to the river, open to the river until then, would be blocked by the Cavalry Armoury, currently Teatro de la Maestranza.

REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

2. A bit of History

In recent times the complex hosted the Military Office of Recruitment, which lasted until 1993. Several building reforms have taken place, but none of them has provided the Atarazanas usable conditions.

REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

2. A bit of History

As a means to obtain funding for its complete reform, Sevilles Municipality and La Caixa Bank through its social foundation Caixaforum promoted in 2009 the Atarazanas as Sevilles headquarters. The architectural competition for its restoration was won by the Sevillian architect Guillermo Vzquez Consuegra REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

3. Recent projects

Unfortunately, some disagreements within Municipality and Bank resulted in the retreat of La Caixa from the Atarazanas, setting finally Caixaforum HQ in the polemic Pelli Tower, Sevilles first skyscraper. Even though the financial institution promised funding for the maintenance of the building and its eventual transformation into cultural facilities, its future is still uncertain. REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

3. Recent projects

REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

3. Recent projects

Vzquez Consuegras cultural programme opened the archways close to the Gate of the Oil, offering the city the wide space covered by the naves. Down right: Vzquez Consuegra and a partial model of the Atarazanas

REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

3. Recent projects

Oh boy I hope the Atarazanas get to stand for other seven centuries.

Left: a project that goes to waste, along with the hopes of thousands of citizens. Right: negotiations between local and regional Administrations about Atarazanass future. REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

3. Recent projects

vs.

Different levels and positioning possibilities. Digging the original ground level (6m deep) or sticking to the current one. REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

4. What students face

GROUND FLOOR_ From 0.0 to -6.0m

REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

4. What students face

REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

4. What students face

REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

4. What students face

REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

4. What students face

REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

4. What students face

REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

4. What students face

REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

4. What students face

FIRST FLOOR_ Transversal main nave and secondary corridors

REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

4. What students face

REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

4. What students face

REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

4. What students face

REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

4. What students face

REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

4. What students face

REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

4. What students face

ROOFING FLOOR_

Transversal main naves garret. Passable terraces

REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

4. What students face

REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

4. What students face

REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

4. What students face

REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

4. What students face

REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

4. What students face

REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

4. What students face

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4. What students face

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4. What students face

a-a SECTION

b-b SECTION

REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

4. What students face

c-c SECTION

c REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

4. What students face

Exploiting Atarazanas potential as exhibition receptacle. Exposition of Sevilles Giraldillo (Cathedrals Giralda weather-vane)at the end of its restoration works. 2003

One of Sevilles most defining symbols fitting in an overwhelming space for human scale.

REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

5. Sevilles very identity

Sources: Andalusian Historic Heritage Institute (IAPH), Viability Study for the Atarazanas Sevillapedia, Reales Atarazanas de Sevilla, Aduana Real de Sevilla REALES ATARAZANAS DE SEVILLA

5. Sevilles very identity