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CHAPTER ELEVEN LIPIDS AND MEMBRANES 1) Fatty acid groups are referred to as ________ groups.

A) Acetyl B) Acyl C) Prenyl D) Isoprenoid E) Isopentenyl 2) The double bonds in naturally occurring fatty acids are usually _______ isomers. A) Cis B) Trans C) Both cis and trans D) Essential E) Nonessential 4) Fatty acids react with alcohols to form _____. A) A ides B) Ethers C) Anhydrides D) Epo!ides E) Esters !) "rostaglandins are in#ol#ed in _________. A) "#$lation B) In%la ation C) Me &rane co position D) Both A and B are correct E) All o% the a&o#e are correct %) The functions of fat include A) Ins$lation B) Ener'y stora'e C) (ater)repellent properties D) Both A and B are correct E) All o% the a&o#e are correct &) 'a(es A) Are co ple! i!t$res o% nonpolar lipids B) Are esters %or ed %ro lon')chain %atty acids and lon')chain alcohols C) Contain hydrocar&ons* sterols* and alcohols D) Both A and B are correct E) Both A and C are correct )) "hospholipids are A) Str$ct$ral co ponents o% e &ranes B) S$r%ace acti#e a'ents C) Rich ener'y so$rces D) Both A and B are correct E) All o% the a&o#e are correct *) "hosphatidylcholine is sometimes referred to as ______. A) PIP+ B) Cephalin C) Cera ide D) Cardiolipin E)None o% the a&o#e are correct Ans Ans $ Ans Ans Ans $ Ans Ans A Ans B

1+) The myelin sheath A) S$rro$nds ner#e cell a!ons B) Contains lar'e a o$nts o% cardiolipin C) ,acilitates ner#e i p$lse trans ission D) Both A and B are correct E) Both A and C are correct 12) The role of #ery low density lipoproteins is A) Sca#en'in' the cholesterol %ro cell e &ranes B) Transportin' o% lipids %ro li#er to tiss$es C) Transportin' o% cholesterol esters to the li#er D) Both A and B are correct E) All o% the a&o#e are correct 14) 'hich of the following molecules is not a lipid, A) ,atty acids B) Steroids C) Isoprenoids D) (a!es E) All o% the a&o#e are lipids 1!) The basic structure of biological membranes is a conse-uence of the physical properties of _______. A) Proteins B) Phospholipids C) Cholesterol D) (ater E) None o% the a&o#e are correct 1%) A membrane.s fluidity is largely determined by the percentage of A) Phosphatidyl choline B) Phosphatidylethanola ine C) ,atty acids D) Cardiolipin E) -nsat$rated %atty acids 24) /0% Fatty acids A) Ha#e a do$&le &ond si! car&on ato s %ro the car&onyl end o% the chain B) Ha#e a do$&le &ond si! car&on ato s %ro the ethyl end o% the chain C) Ha#e si! do$&le &onds in the olec$le D) Ha#e three ore do$&le &onds than ). %atty acids E) Contain si! trans do$&le &onds in the olec$le 2*) 'hich of the following structural features distinguishes thrombo(anes from prostaglandins , A) An ether rin' B) "ne "H 'ro$p C) T/o do$&le &onds D) "ne do$&le &ond E) trans do$&le &onds 1+) 2eutral fats belong to which of the following, A) Phospholipids C) Prosta'landins E) ,ree %atty acids B) 0lycolipids D) Triacyl'lycerols

Ans

Ans B

Ans

Ans B

Ans

Ans B

Ans $

Ans $

11) 3n addition to the prostaglandins and leu4otrienes the autocrine regulators include5 A) B) C) D) E) Arachidonic acid Linoleic acid Thro &o!anes Steroids All o% the a&o#e are correct

Ans 6

12) 6hoose the lipid class that acts as surfactants. A) B) C) D) E) Triacyl'lycerols ,atty acids (a!es Phospholipids Both A and B are correct

Ans $

11) 7embrane proteins are lin4ed to anchor molecules through a ___________ lin4 A) B) C) D) E) Ether Ester A ide A ino Plas a

Ans 6

14) 'hich of the following is not li4ely to be a naturally occurring fatty acid A) B) C) D) E) C1.H+2C""H C13H+4C""H C15H.1C""H C12H.5C""H C14H.4C""H

Ans B

1!) The function of dolichols is to A) B) C) D) E) Transport s$'ars in 'lycoprotein synthesis Bind car&ohydrate on the cell s$r%ace o% &acteria Bind to o!y'enated carotenes Ser#e as prec$rsors o% carotenoids They are de'radation prod$cts o% steroids

Ans A

41) "hospholipase 6 hydroly8es ______ ester bonds in phospholipids A) B) C) D) E) C)1 C)+ C). Both C)1 and C)+ All o% the a&o#e

Ans 6

44) 'hich of the following is not a function of phospholipases, A) B) C) D) E) Me &rane re odelin' Si'nal transd$ction Ener'y stora'e Di'estion To!ic Phospholipases

Ans 6

4!) 7embranes are rigid when they contain A) B) C) D) Lar'e a Lar'e a Lar'e a Lar'e a o$nts o% cholesterol o$nts o% $nsat$rated %atty acids o$nts o% sat$rated %atty acids o$nts o% /ater

Ans 6

E) A and B