Sie sind auf Seite 1von 23

_

ARMTEC.COM

BRIDGE MATERIALS / BRIDGE GIRDERS /

BRIDGE GIRDERS TECHNICAL GUIDE


REGIONAL SPECIFICATIONS / AB / MB / SK

PRECAST CONCRETE GIRDERS AND BEAMS DESIGNED TO SUPPORT BRIDGE DECKS AND TRAFFIC LOADS

Proven strength In-house engineering Readily available Various girder types

_
BRIDGE GIRDERS

NU GIRDERS MATERIAL PROPERTIES


Concrete The high level of prestressing will normally require the use of high strength concrete. The span capability diagrams were developed using a 28-day concrete strength of 'c=70MPa. The unit weight of concrete was assumed to be 2,450kg/m. The concrete may contain silica fume with air entrainment of 5% to 8%. The modulus of elasticity of concrete was calculated using the formula: The minimum release strength assumed was 45MPa. Where there are two dashed lines in the charts, they represent limits for 45MPa and 50MPa release strength. Any point on a chart above the 45MPa line indicates a situation where the release strength has to be higher than 45MPa due to handling stress limitations. This situation would require special mix designs which may increase the cost. The concrete deck 28-day strength was assumed to be 45MPa.

TYPICAL APPLICATIONS

Road bridges Pedestrian bridges Rail bridges

EDMONTON, AB - SOUTH LRT OVER WHITEMUD DRIVE

_
BRIDGE GIRDERS

SPAN CAPABILITY
Prestressing Strand The prestressing strand is 15mm in diameter, uncoated, seven-wire, low relaxation strand, and meets the requirements of ASTM A416, with an area of 140mm. The initial jacking force is 75% Appu = 195kN Girders with a Span to Depth Ratio >20 typically use up to an additional four 15mm strands in the top ange to control the lateral stability of the girder at handling and transportation. End stresses were not checked for all span conditions indicated in the charts. Stresses may be controlled by debonding and/ or deecting selected strands at the ends of the girders. Post-Tensioning NU Girders may be post-tensioned to form continuous beams. Reference should be made to CAN/CSA-S6. For long span post-tensioned bridges, oiled strand (using approved corrosion inhibiting oil) may lead to decreased friction coefficients. Contact a local representative for more information about Armtecs experience constructing bridge beams with oiled post-tensioning strand.

DESIGN CRITERIA
The span capability charts were developed in accordance with the CAN/CSA-S6 Canadian Highway Bridge Design Code. Simple spans were assumed for all loads Calculations were done for interior girders. Lane Load A uniformly distributed load of 9kN/m, that is 3.0m wide as a lane load, superimposed with a CL 800 truck, with each axle reduced to 80% Truck Load A CL 800 truck load, including a 25% dynamic load allowance Dead Loads Dead loads considered to act on the untopped section are: Girder self weight 75mm thick haunch 225mm thick deck Cross bracing (0.5kN/m per girder) Superimposed Dead Loads Dead loads considered to act on the topped section are: 90mm thick asphalt Railing and curbs (13kN/m total load per bridge) Lanes A lane width of 3.3m, and the width of the bridge was calculated as: (# of Lanes x Lane Width) + 2 x 0.5m Multi-lane reduction factor (CAN/CSA-S6, Clause 3.8.4.2) Prestress Losses Assumed average values of prestress losses: Initial losses = 8% Final losses = 20% Allowable Stresses SerVice Tension stresses at the bottom of the section at midspan are limited to 0.4

'

Compressive stress is not limited at service, although the ratio c:dp is limited to 0.5 ReLeAse And HAndLing Tension stresses are limited to 0.5 (CAN/CSA-S6, Clause 8.8.4.6) Compressive stresses are limited to 0.6 'ci

'
ci

_
BRIDGE GIRDERS

DIMENSIONS AND SECTION PROPERTIES


2,800 x 185* Span Capability Diagram**
72 Number of 15mm Diameter Strands 68 64 60 56 52 48
135mm 140mm

1,260mm

Girder spacing (m)

3.5 3.0

2.5

2.0 1.5

45mm 65mm

A = 801.11 X 103mm2 Ix = 814.84 X 109mm4 Iy = 29.40 X 109mm4 yb = 1,297.6mm


V/S = 88mm

1.26
2,800mm 2,415mm

bw = 185mm
185mm

w = 18.86kN/m = 2,450kg/m3

44 40 36 32 40 45 50 55 60 65 Simple Span (m)

1,010mm

2,400 x 185* Span Capability Diagram**


72 Number of 15mm Diameter Strands 68 64
2,400mm

1,260mm

Girder spacing (m) f 'ci*** = 50MPa

3.5

3.0

2.5 2.0

45mm 65mm

A = 727.11 X 103mm Ix = 554.86 X 109mm4 Iy = 29.19 X 109mm4 yb = 1,106mm

60 56 52

f 'ci*** = 45MPa

1.5
2,015mm 185mm

V/S = 87mm

bw = 185mm w = 17.12kN/m = 2,450kg/m

1.26

44 40 36 32 40 45 50 Simple Span (m) 55

135mm 140mm

48

1,010mm

_
NOTE

* (Girder depth) x (Web width) ** Based on 0.4

'

allowable tension at midspan

*** Concrete release strength

_
BRIDGE GIRDERS

DIMENSIONS AND SECTION PROPERTIES


2,000 x 185* Span Capability Diagram**
68 64 Number of 15mm Diameter Strands 60 56 52 48 44 40 36 32 28 30 35 40 Simple Span (m) 45 50 Girder spacing (m) 3.5 3.0 2.5 2.0 f'ci*** = 50 MPa
2,000mm 45mm 65mm

1,260mm

A = 653.11 X 103mm2 Ix = 352.92 X 109mm4 Iy = 28.98 X 109mm4 yb = 916.4mm


V/S = 86mm

1.5 1.26

1,615mm

f'ci*** = 45 MPa

185mm

bw = 185mm w = 15.38kN/m = 2,400kg/m3

135mm 140mm

1,010mm

1,600 x 185* Span Capability Diagram**


60 56 Number of 15mm Diameter Strands 52 48 44 40 36 32 28 24 20 25 30 35 Simple Span (m)
NOTE
135mm 140mm

1,260mm

Girder spacing (m)

3.5 3.0 2.5

2.0

1.5 1.26
1,600mm

45mm 65mm

A = 579.11 X 103mm2 Ix = 203.42 X 109mm4 Iy = 28.77 X 109mm4 yb = 729.4mm


185mm
V/S = 86mm

f'ci*** = 50 MPa f'ci*** = 45 MPa

1,215mm

bw = 185mm w = 13.63kN/m = 2,450kg/m3

1,010mm

40

45

* (Girder depth) x (Web width) ** Based on 0.4

'

allowable tension at midspan

*** Concrete release strength

_
BRIDGE GIRDERS

1,200 x 185* Span Capability Diagram**


Girder spacing (m) 3.5 3.0 2.5 2.0 1.5 1.26 f'ci*** = 50 MPa f'ci*** = 45 MPa
1,200mm 45mm 65mm

1,260mm

52 Number of 15mm Diameter Strands 48 44 40 36 32 28 24 20 16 20

A = 505.11 X 103mm2 Ix = 99.28 X 109mm4 Iy = 28.56 X 109mm4


185mm

815mm

yb = 546.2mm
V/S = 85mm

135mm 140mm

bw = 185mm w = 11.89kN/m = 2,450kg/m3


1,010mm

25

30 Simple Span (m)

35

40

NOTE

* (Girder depth) x (Web width) ** Based on 0.4

'

allowable tension at midspan

*** Concrete release strength

_
BRIDGE GIRDERS

CROSS-SECTION DETAIL

280

150

200

200

150

MW01

FOR EPOXY BAR ONLY

MW01 MW01

(2)-10M CONT. EA. FACE

(2)-10M CONT. EA. FACE

15M EPOXY, BLACK, STAINLESS STEEL OR MMFX STIRRUP 35 COV 78 I.D./81 O.D. MAX. DUCT TYP. (MAX. 12 STRAND TENDON) (26)-15.2mm DEFLECTED STRAND PRESTRESSED ONLY GIRDER OPTION

MESH SPACING = 75, 100, 150, 200, OR 300 MD45, MD65, OR MD103

OUTWARD BEND FOR EPOXY BAR ONLY

MESH SPACING = MESH SPACING = 100, 150, 200, OR 300 MESH LAP 75, 100, 150, 200, OR 75, 300 MESH LAP MD45, MD65, OR MD103 MD45, MD65, OR MD103

280

150

200
25 COV

200

150

280

TOP STRANDS (4)-15.2mm TOP STRANDS OUTWARD BEND

280

(4)-15.2mm

45

25 COV

45

445

1170

150

25

102 102

712 (6)-MD45, MD65, OR MD103

102 102

25

280

150

200

200

150

280

(4)-15.2mm TOP STRANDS

15M EPOXY, BLACK, POST-TENSIONED STAINLESS STEEL OR GIRDER OPTION MMFX STIRRUP
MESH LAP

MW01

MD45 MD65 O MD103 x SCALE: SCALE 1:15 SCALE: SCALE 1:15

25 COV

MW01 280

25 280

25

150

200

45

MW01 MW02

(26)-15.2mm DEFLECTED STRAND 35 PRESTRESSED ONLY COV. MESH SPACING = GIRDER OPTION 75, 100, 150, 200, OR 300

MD45, MD65, OR MD103

MESH SPACING = 75, 100, 150, 200, OR 300 MD45, MD65, OR MD103

(2)-10M CONT. EA. FACE

3 SP. @ 50 =150

POST-TENSIONED GIRDER OPTION

MESH SPACING = 75, 100, 150, 200, OR 300 MD45, MD65, OR MD103

MESH SPACING = 75, 100, 150, 200, OR 300 MD45, MD65, OR MD103

(1)-10M 200 CONT. 150 EA. FACE

4 SP. @ 50 MESH LAP =600

TOPMAX. STRANDS 78 I.D./81 O.D. DUCT TYP. OUTWARD BEND (MAX. STRAND TENDON) FOR EPOXY BAR12 ONLY

(4)-15.2mm

MESH SPACING = 75, 100, 150, 200, OR 300 MD45, MD65, OR MD103

35 OUTWARD BEND COV FOR EPOXY BAR ONLY

25

102 102

712 (6)-MD45, MD65, OR MD103 1170

102 102

25

25 COV

45

SCALE: SCALE 1:15

920

(2)-10M CONT. EA. FACE 35 COV

15M EPOXY, BLACK, STAINLESS STEEL OR MMFX STIRRUP 60 MW03 78 I.D./81 O.D. MAX. DUCT TYP. (MAX. 12 STRAND TENDON) 35 POST-TENSIONED COV GIRDER OPTION 7 SP. @ 50 7 SP. @ 50 = 350
25

85

445
43 150 102 102 25 152

445 102
152 406 1710 152 305 152 (8)-MD45, MD65, OR MD103 102

305

25

15M BLACK, 25 80 EPOXY, = 350

(26)-15.2mm DEFLECTED STRAND PRESTRESSED ONLY GIRDER OPTION

SCALE: SCALE 1:15

MESH SPACING = 75, 100, 150, 200, OR 300 MD45, MD65, OR MD103

25

(26)-15.2mm DEFLECTED STRAND PRESTRESSED ONLY GIRDER OPTION

MW02 MW02 25
(1)-10M CONT. EA. FACE

POST-TENSIONED GIRDER OPTION

4 SP. @ 50 =600

78 I.D./81 O.D. MAX. DUCT TYP. (MAX. 12 STRAND TENDON)

1170

SCALE: SCALE 1:15

150

(1)-10M CONT. EA. FACE

STAINLESS STEEL OR MMFX STIRRUP

150

80

(46)-15.2mm 1170 STRAIGHT STRAND MAX.


25 102 102 712 (6)-MD45, MD65, OR MD103

60 PIN MD45 MD65 OR MD103 x 890 LG. 25

MESH SPACING = 75, 100, 150, 200, OR 300 MD45, MD65, OR MD103

102 102

712 (6)-MD45, MD65, OR MD103

195

80 PIN

445

445 102
60 PIN MD45 MD65 OR MD103 x 890 LG. (2)-MD45

(2)-MD45

MW02

102 102

102

SCALE: SCALE 1:15

SCALE: SCALE 1:15

SCALE: SCALE 1:15

92

3 SP. @ 50 =150

MESH SPACING = 75, 100, 150, 200, OR 300 195 MD45, MD65, OR MD103

4 SP. @ 50 =600

25 (1)-10M CONT. EA. FACE

25

MW02

85

920

60

35 COV.

3 SP. @ 50 =150

60

35 COV.

MW03 MW03
3 SP. @ 50 =150

MW02

4 SP. @ 50 =600

80 PIN

43
920 152 195

152

305

152 40 (8)-MD45, MD65,

85

MW03 80

80
150

7 SP. @ 50 = 350
7 SP. @ 50 = 350 80

150

7 SP. @ 50 = 350

43

152

305

80
35 COV. 85

7 SP. @ 50 = 350

60

(46)-15.2mm STRAIGHT STRAND MAX.

(46)-15.2mm STRAIGHT STRAND MAX.

152 406 152 (8)-MD45, MD65, OR MD103 1710

305 80 PIN

43

43

152

305

152 406 152 (8)-MD45, MD65, OR MD103 1710

305

152

43

MW03 80

7 SP. @ 50 = 350

150

7 SP. @ 50 = 350

80

(46)-15.2mm STRAIGHT STRAND MAX.

Reinforcing with Post-Tensioning near Midspan

MW03
SCALE: SCALE 1:15

SCALE: SCALE 1:15


SCALE: SCALE 1:15

195

80 PIN

1710

_
BRIDGE GIRDERS

BRACING DETAIL

3/4" TYLOOP INSERT (VARIES) EXTERIOR GIRDER 3/4" BOLT (VARIES) C/W (2)-STD. WASHERS (1)-STD. HEX. NUT (2)-PL. WASHERS 8 x50 x50

3/4 BOLT c/w (1)NUT (2)-WASHERS (2)-PL. WASHERS 8 x 50 x 50

PL 16mm THICK

L. 102 x102 x7.9 (VARIES) c/w 23 x50 LG. SLOTTED HOLES TYP. GUSSET PL 16mm THICK c/w 23 x 50 LG. SLOT c/w WEB PLATE 20MM THICK

Typical Steel Diaphragm

_
BRIDGE GIRDERS

BEARING DETAIL
105 100

1010 (+0,-2) 3 SP. @ 200 = 600 100 105

20

150 20 20 x 20 CHAMFER TYP. PL. 22 x 650 x1010 C/W (20) - 19 x 125 L.G. H.A.S. (10) - 19 x 75 L.G. H.A.S.

4 SP. @ 100 = 400

605

100

Typical NU Shoe Plate

VENT TUBE

POST-TENSIONING DUCT SPLICE

VENT TUBE

POST-TENSIONING DUCT SPLICE

PROJECTING STRAND SHIM PLATES

HOLES FOR DIAPHRAGM REBAR

HOLES FOR DIAPHRAGM REBAR CAST IN PLACE DIAPHRAGM

CAST IN PLACE DIAPHRAGM

NEOPRENE PAD

TEMPORARY SUPPORT

Fixed Bearing FIXED BEARING @ PIER

BEARING DETAIL 1

BEARING DETAIL 2 SLIDING BEARING @ PIER Sliding Bearing

10

_
BRIDGE GIRDERS

TRAPEZOIDAL GIRDERS MATERIAL PROPERTIES


Concrete The span capability diagrams were developed using a 28-day minimum concrete strength of 'c = 70MPa. The unit weight of concrete was assumed to be 2,450kg/m. The concrete contains silica fume with air entrainment of 5% to 8%. The modulus of elasticity of concrete was calculated using the formula: Prestressing Strand The prestressing strand is 15mm in diameter, uncoated, seven-wire, low relaxation strand, meeting the requirements of ASTM A416, Grade 1860, with an area of 140mm2. Initial jacking force is 75% Appu = 195kN The height of the prestressing force centre above soffit was assumed to be 85mm. End stresses were not checked for all span conditions. They may be controlled by debonding selected strands at the ends of the girders.

TYPICAL APPLICATIONS

Road bridges Pedestrian bridges Rail bridges

The minimum concrete release strength was assumed to be 45MPa. The concrete deck minimum 28-day strength was assumed to be 35MPa.

DESIGN CRITERIA
The span capability charts were developed in accordance with the CAN/CSA-S6 Canadian Highway Bridge Design Code. Simple spans were assumed for all loads Calculations were done for interior girders. Lane Load A uniformly distributed load of 9kN/m, that is 3.0m wide as a lane load, superimposed with a CL 800 truck, with each axle reduced to 80% Truck Load A CL 800 truck load, including a 25% dynamic load allowance Dead Loads Dead loads considered to act on the untopped section are: Girder self weight 75mm thick haunch 225mm thick deck Cross bracing (0.5kN/m per girder) Superimposed Dead Loads Dead loads considered to act on the topped section are: 90mm thick asphalt Railing and curbs (13kN/m total load per bridge) Lanes A lane width of 3.3m, and the width of the bridge was calculated as: (# of Lanes x Lane Width) + 2 x 0.5m Multi-lane reduction factor (CAN/CSA-S6, Clause 3.8.4.2) Prestress Losses Assumed average values of prestress losses: Initial losses = 8% Final losses = 20% Allowable Stresses SerVice Tension stresses at the bottom of the section at midspan are limited to 0.4

'

Compressive stress is not limited at service, although the ratio c/dp is limited to 0.5 ReLeAse And HAndLing Tension stresses are limited to 0.5 (CAN/CSA-S6, Clause 8.8.4.6) Compressive stresses are limited to 0.6 'ci

'
ci

11

_
BRIDGE GIRDERS

TRAPEZOIDAL GIRDER LIFTED INTO PLACE

DIMENSIONS AND SECTION PROPERTIES


2,200* Span Capability Diagram**
62 Number of 15 mm Diameter Strands 58 54 50 46 42 38
150mm 150mm 657mm

A = 1,354 X 103mm2 Ix = 810.755 X 109mm4 yb = 1,129mm


6.0 5.5 5.0 4.5 4.0 3.5
V/S = 101mm

Girder spacing (m)

w = 32.12kN/m = 2,450kg/m3
3,140mm 200mm 150mm 1,680mm 1,826mm 657mm

34 30.0

32.5

35.0

37.5

40.0

42.5

220mm

370mm

1,660mm

370mm

220mm

Simple Span (m)

_
NOTE

* Girder depth ** Based on 0.4 ( 'c) allowable tension at midspan

12

170mm

2,200mm

180mm (min.)

_
BRIDGE GIRDERS

DIMENSIONS AND SECTION PROPERTIES


2,050* Span Capability Diagram**
62 Number of 15 mm Diameter Strands 58 54 50 46 42 38
150mm 150mm 150mm 662mm

A = 1,265 X 103mm2 Ix = 668.538 X 109mm4 yb = 1,039mm


6.0 5.5 5.0 4.5 4.0 3.5
V/S = 98mm

Girder spacing (m)

w = 30.4kN/m = 2,450kg/m3
3,140mm 200mm 1,816mm 662mm

1,350mm

34 30.0

32.5

35.0

37.5

40.0

42.5

250mm

340mm

1,660mm

340mm

250mm

Simple Span (m)

2,000* Span Capability Diagram**


62 Number of 15 mm Diameter Strands 58 54 50 Girder spacing (m)
6.0 5.5 5.0 4.5 4.0 3.5

A = 1,198 X 103mm2 Ix = 600.22 X 109mm4 yb = 984mm


V/S = 94mm

w = 29.54kN/m = 2,450kg/m3
3,140mm 662mm 1,816mm 662mm 200mm

1,350mm

38
150mm 150mm

34 30.0

32.5

35.0

37.5

40.0

42.5

260mm

330mm

1,660mm

330mm 260mm

Simple Span (m)

NOTE

* Girder depth ** Based on 0.4 ('c) allowable tension at midspan

170mm

42

180mm (min.)

2,000mm

1,480mm

46

150mm

170mm

2,050mm

1,530mm

180mm (min.)

13

_
BRIDGE GIRDERS

DIMENSIONS AND SECTION PROPERTIES


1,800* Span Capability Diagram**
62 Number of 15 mm Diameter Strands 58
3,140mm 666mm 1,808mm 666mm 200mm 150mm 1,280mm

A = 1,130 X 103mm2 Ix = 470.160 X 109mm4 yb = 894mm


6.0 5.5 5.0 4.5 4.0 3.5
V/S = 94mm

Girder spacing (m)

w = 26.85kN/m = 2,450kg/m3

54 50 46 42 38 34 30 27.5

150mm

30.0

32.5

35.0

37.5

40.0

450mm

440mm

1,660mm

290mm 300mm

Simple Span (m)

1,650* Span Capability Diagram**


62 58 54 50 46 Girder spacing (m)
6.0 5.5 5.0 4.5 4.0 3.5

A = 1,042X 103mm2 Ix = 366.839 X 109mm4 yb = 802mm


V/S = 90mm

w = 24.78kN/m = 2,450kg/m3
3,140mm 200mm 1,280mm 290mm 450mm 170mm 1,650mm 668mm 1,804mm 668mm

Number of 15 mm Diameter Strands

42 38 34 30 25.0
450mm 290mm 1,660mm 1,350mm

180mm (min.)

27.5

30.0

32.5

35.0

37.5

Simple Span (m)

_
NOTE

* Girder depth ** Based on 0.4 ('c) allowable tension at midspan

14

170mm

180mm (min.)

150mm

1,800mm

_
BRIDGE GIRDERS

DIMENSIONS AND SECTION PROPERTIES


1,600*
Span Capability Diagram**
Girder spacing (m)
6.0 5.5 5.0 4.5 4.0 3.5

A = 975 X 103mm2 Ix = 318.342 X 109mm4 yb = 746mm


V/S = 85mm

62 Number of 15 mm Diameter Strands 58

w = 24.78kN/m = 2,450kg/m3
3,140mm

54 50 46

668mm

1,804mm

668mm 150mm

38 34 30 26 25.0
450mm 290mm 1,660mm 1,350mm

180mm (min.)

27.5

30.0

32.5

35.0

37.5

290mm 450mm

NOTE

Simple Span (m)

* Girder depth ** Based on 0.4 ('c) allowable tension at midspan

170mm

15

1,600mm

1,280mm

42

_
BRIDGE GIRDERS

3,140

15M Stirrup (Epoxy, Black, MMFX or Stainless Steel)

10M Rebar Length of girder


755

180
VARIES MW02 Typical each side
73 I.D. / 76 O.D. max. P.T. Duct typical for 12-15.2 strand tendon max.
MW01

Typical each side

185 35 COV. 25 COV.


Inspection Hatch MW04

185

37 COV.

35 COV.

50 60
MW03

170

62-15.2 strand

80

30 SP. @ 50 = 1,500 1,660

80

Girder drains as specied

Girder Cross-Section

16

_
BRIDGE GIRDERS

TYPICAL INSPECTION and cover HATCH DETAILs

SECTION

PLAN DETAIL

HATCH COVER
17

_
BRIDGE GIRDERS

TUB MESH DETAIL

MW01

MW02

MW03

MW04 18

_
BRIDGE GIRDERS

SINGLE void BOX GIRDERS MATERIAL PROPERTIES


Concrete The span capability diagrams were developed using a 28-day minimum concrete strength of 'c = 70MPa. The unit weight of concrete was assumed to be 2,450kg/m. The concrete may contain silica fume with air entrainment of 5% to 8%. The modulus of elasticity of concrete was calculated using the formula: Prestressing Strand The prestressing strand is 15mm in diameter, uncoated, seven-wire, low relaxation strand, meeting the requirements of ASTM A416, Grade 1860, with an area of 140mm2. Initial jacking force is 75% Appu = 195kN End stresses were not checked for all span conditions. They may be controlled by debonding selected strands at the ends of the girders or by deected strand.

TYPICAL APPLICATIONS

Road bridges Pedestrian bridges Rail bridges

The minimum concrete release strength was assumed to be 45MPa. The concrete deck minimum 28-day strength was assumed to be 35MPa.

DESIGN CRITERIA
The span capability charts were developed in accordance with the CAN/CSA-S6 Canadian Highway Bridge Design Code. Simple spans were assumed for all loads Calculations were done for interior girders. Lane Load A uniformly distributed load of 9kN/m, that is 3.0m wide as a lane load, superimposed with a CL 800 truck, with each axle reduced to 80% Truck Load A CL 800 truck load, including a 25% dynamic load allowance Dead Loads Dead loads considered to act on the untopped section are: Girder self weight 125mm thick deck Superimposed Dead Loads Dead loads considered to act on the topped section are: 90mm thick asphalt Railing and curbs (13kN/m total load per bridge) Lanes A lane width of 3.3m, and the width of the bridge was calculated as: (# of Lanes x Lane Width) + 2 x 0.5m Multi-lane reduction factor (CAN/CSA-S6, Clause 3.8.4.2) Prestress Losses Assumed average values of prestress losses: Initial losses = 8% Final losses = 20% Allowable Stresses SerVice Tension stresses at the bottom of the section at midspan are limited to 0.4

'

Compressive stress is not limited at service, although the ratio c:dp is limited to 0.5 ReLeAse And HAndLing Tension stresses are limited to 0.5 (CAN/CSA-S6, Clause 8.8.4.6) Compressive stresses are limited to 0.6 'ci

'
ci

19

_
BRIDGE GIRDERS

DIMENSIONS AND SECTION PROPERTIES


Single Void Box Girder
Span Capability Diagram*
DEPTH
45 Number of 15mm Diameter Strands 41 37
Girder Depth (mm) 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 1,300
WEB (NOMINAL)

1,206 100

1,20

DEPTH

WEB (NOMIN

125
100x100 CHAMFER

125

f 'ci** = 45MPa

100x100 CHA

115

1,190
33 29 25 21 17 13 20.0
Section Depth mm 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 Self Weight kN/m 10.05 10.65 11.25 11.85 12.46 13.06

1,19

Area mm 426,690 452,290 477,890 503,490 529,090 554,690

I x 109 mm
4

Yb mm 393 443 492 542 591 641

V/S mm 107 108 109 110 111 112

bw mm 256 256 256 256 256 255

36.62 49.31 64.25 81.59 101.44 123.94

22.5

25.0

27.5

30.0

32.5

35.0

37.5

40.0

1,300

_
NOTE

Simple Span (m)

* Based on 0.4 ('c) allowable tension at midspan ** Concrete release strength

Maximum 21 bottom strands in one row, 60mm from soffit Maximum 24 draped strands, 12 per web, with centroid at 335mm from soffit

Single Void Special Box Girder Span Capability Diagram**


1,206 Girder Depth (mm) DEPTH
f 'ci** = 50MPa
WEB (NOMINAL)

100

66 Number of 15mm Diameter Strands 62 58 54 50 46 42 38 34 30 32.5

1300S

DEPTH

WEB (NOMINAL)

f 'ci** = 45MPa 125


100x100 CHAMFER

125
100x100 CHAMFER

115

1,190

1,190

Section Depth mm 1,100S 1,200S

Self Weight kN/m 12.96 13.57 14.17

165

100

1100S

1200S

1,206

Area mm 550,590 576,190 601,790

I x 109 mm
4

Yb mm 508 555 603

V/S mm 120 121 121

bw mm 256 256 256

88.21 109.88 134.43

35.0

37.5

40.0

42.5

45.0

47.5

1,300S

_
NOTE

Simple Span (m)

* Based on 0.4 ('c) allowable tension at midspan ** Concrete release strength

Maximum 42 bottom strands in two rows, spaced at 50mm, in one row 60mm from soffit Maximum 24 draped strands, 12 per web, with centroid at 335mm from soffit

20

_
BRIDGE GIRDERS

SASKATCHEWAN BOX GIRDERS MATERIAL PROPERTIES


Concrete The 28-day minimum concrete strength is 'c = 35MPa. The unit weight of concrete was assumed to be 2,450kg/m. The concrete contains silica fume with air entrainment of 5% to 8%. The modulus of elasticity of concrete was calculated using the formula:

TYPICAL APPLICATIONS

DESIGN SPECIFICATIONS
CAN/CSA S6-06 Lane Load A uniformly distributed load of 9kN/m, that is 3.0m wide as a lane load, superimposed with a CL 750 truck, with each axle reduced to 80% Truck Load A CL 750 truck load, including a 25% dynamic load allowance Load Factors 1.2D + 1.5D (surfacing) + 1.7L Superimposed Dead Loads Dead loads considered to act on the topped section are: 80mm thick asphalt

Road bridges Pedestrian bridges Pipeline crossings Agricultural crossings

The minimum concrete release strength was assumed to be 27MPa. Prestressing Strand The prestressing strand is 15mm in diameter, uncoated, seven-wire, low relaxation strand, meeting the requirements of ASTM A416 , Grade 1860, with an area of 140mm2. Initial jacking force is 71% Appu = 185kN

125 15

60 300

DIMENSIONS AND SECTION PROPERTIES*


560 WEB 80 WEB

Height 535 635 710

Bottom 115 115 140

Top 125 150 140

Web
HEIGHT

TOP

BOTTOM

153 108

1,190

BOTTOM

153

HEIGHT

TOP

160

1,216

180

WEB

80

WEB

1,190 1,216

Girder Section

Curb Section

PRECAST SECTION PROPERTIES AND SPAN RANGE**


Section Depth mm 535 635 710 Self Weight* kN/m 9.75 10.69 11.27 Area mm 397,388 435,988 459,438 Ixx x 109 mm4 13.5 21.3 29.6 Sb x 106 mm3 49.3 65.5 82.6 Yb mm 273 325 359 8 9 10 11 Span Range (m) 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

NOTE

* Based on a concrete density of 2,450 kg/m3 ** Section properties are of the section including all holes

21

_
BRIDGE GIRDERS

SLC GIRDERS MATERIAL PROPERTIES


Concrete The 28-day minimum concrete strength is 'c = 50MPa. The unit weight of concrete was assumed to be 2,450kg/m. The concrete contains silica fume with air entrainment of 5% to 8%. The modulus of elasticity of concrete was calculated using the formula:

TYPICAL APPLICATIONS

DESIGN SPECIFICATIONS
CAN/CSA S6-06 Lane Load A uniformly distributed load of 9kN/m, that is 3.0m wide as a lane load, superimposed with a CL 625 truck, with each axle reduced to 80% Truck Load A CL 625 truck load, including a 25% dynamic load allowance Dead Loads Dead loads considered to act on the untopped section are:
510
TYP. TYP. Girder self weight 125mm or 150mm thick deck

Road bridges Pedestrian bridges Pipeline crossings Agricultural crossings

The minimum concrete release strength was assumed to be 30MPa. Prestressing Strand The prestressing strand is 15mm in diameter, uncoated, seven-wire, low relaxation strand, meeting the requirements of ASTM A416, Grade 1860, with an area of 140mm2.
265

435

265

279

279

330

510

700

700

245

Superimposed Dead Loads Dead to act on the 222considered 373 373 222 222 loads 373 373 222 1190 topped section are: 1190 80mm thick asphalt SLC 510 Girder Section SLC 510 Girder Section

245

370

370

330

TYP.

435
TYP.

295

295 600 1190

600 295 1190

295

Initial jacking force is 70% Appu = 182kN

SLC 700 Girder Section SLC 700 Girder Section


45 555 555 45 20 20 415

DIMENSIONS AND SECTION PROPERTIES*


555 555

45

45 20 20

435

435

40

435

435

40

40

415

279

265

700

TYP.

330

415

435
TYP.

510

245

510

510

370

222

373 1190

373

222 1190

295 1190

600 1190

295 1190 1190

SLC 510 Girder Section

SLC 510 Curb Section SLC 510 Curb Section SLC 700 Girder Section
45 20 555

700

SLC 700Section Curb Section SLC 700 Curb

PRECAST SECTION PROPERTIES AND SPAN RANGE** 45


20 555 435 40 415

Section
435

Self Weight*
40

Area mm

Ixx x 109 mm4 12.46 55.68

Yb mm 259 442 8 10 10 -

Number of 15mm Strand


Span Range (m) 14 20 20 18 16 10 14 14 12 16 16 16 26 24 24 22 18 28 26 20 32 30

mm

kN/m 10.27 16.56 13.05 19.34


415

SLC 510 SLC 510 CURB SLC 700 SLC 700 CURB
510

436,329 703,767 554,547 821,984

98.70

700

30.96

340 531

_
NOTE
1190 1190 * Based on a concrete density of 2,450kg/m3 ** Section properties are of the section including all holes SLC 510 Curb Section SLC 700 Curb Section

22

700

415

40

_
BRIDGE GIRDERS

SL AND slw GIRDERS MATERIAL PROPERTIES


Concrete The 28-day minimum concrete strength is 'c = 50MPa for all spans except the 14.0m span, and 70MPa for the 14.0m span only. The unit weight of concrete was assumed to be 2,450kg/m. The concrete contains silica fume with air entrainment of 5% to 8%. The modulus of elasticity of concrete was calculated using the formula:

TYPICAL APPLICATIONS

DESIGN SPECIFICATIONS
CAN/CSA S6-06 Lane Load A uniformly distributed load of 9kN/m, that is 3.0m wide as a lane load, superimposed with a CL 625 truck, with each axle reduced to 80% Truck Load A CL 625 truck load, including a 25% dynamic load allowance Dead Loads Dead loads considered to act on the untopped section are: Girder self weight Superimposed Dead Loads Dead loads considered to act on the topped section are: 80mm thick asphalt

Road bridges Pedestrian bridges Pipeline crossings Agricultural crossings

The minimum concrete release strength was assumed to be 35MPa for all spans except the 14.0m span, and 40MPa for the 14.0m span only. Prestressing Strand The prestressing strand is 15mm in diameter, uncoated, seven-wire, low relaxation strand, meeting the requirements of ASTM A416, Grade 1860, with an area of 140mm2. Initial jacking force is 70% Appu = 182kN

DIMENSIONS AND SECTION PROPERTIES*

SLW 510 Interior Girder Section

SLW 510 Exterior Girder Section

PRECAST SECTION PROPERTIES AND SPAN RANGE**


Section Self Weight kN/m* SL 510 SLW 510 Interior SLW 510 Exterior 10.27 10.77 13.78 A mm 436,329 457,735 585,597 Ixx x 109 mm4 12.46 12.40 20.37 Yb mm 259 254 298 6 12 12 12 8 14 14 14 No. of 15mm Strand Span Range (m) 10 16 16 16 12 20 22 20 14 28 30 28

_
NOTE

* Based on a concrete density of 2,450kg/m3 ** Section properties are of the section including all holes

23

Drawings and product details are for information and/or illustrative purposes only and may vary. Please contact your Armtec representative for the most current product information.

Armtec is a leading Canadian infrastructure and construction materials company combining creative engineered solutions, relevant advice, dedicated people, proven products and a national presence with a local focus on exceptional customer service.
1-877-5-ARMTEC | ARMTEC.COM
PROD-C01-G03_TG-2013-04-E Armtec / Products and Services / Bridge Materials / Bridge Girders / Technical Guide | 2013-04 REGIONAL SPECIFICATIONS AB / MB / SK