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Jailing Failed phpMyAdmin Attempts with Fail2Ban - Henry Petry

http://www.henrypetry.com/phpmyadmin-fail2ban/

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Apache

Jailing Failed phpMyAdmin Attempts with Fail2Ban

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27 Sep 2012 | Apache Tags: Fail2Ban · Firewall
27 Sep 2012
|
Apache
Tags:
Fail2Ban
·
Firewall
· phpMyAdmin · Security
·
phpMyAdmin
·
Security

After consolidating all of my websites onto a Linode VPS, I’ve had more time to devote to scanning my log files. After seeing various failed attempts at trying to locate phpMyAdmin on my system, I decided to implement a Fail2Ban jail to block the incoming IP address. If you are not familiar with Fail2Ban, see my Fail2Ban installation and configuration guide.

Here’s a sample Apache error.log file showing a very persistent script attempting to locate various flavors of phpMyAdmin on a server:

# tail /var/log/apache2/error.log

[Thu Jan 12 07:05:01 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/mysql-adm [Thu Jan 12 07:05:00 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/mysqladmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:59 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/webdb [Thu Jan 12 07:04:59 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/websql [Thu Jan 12 07:04:58 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/sqlweb [Thu Jan 12 07:04:58 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/webadmin [Thu Jan 12 07:04:57 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpmy-adm [Thu Jan 12 07:04:56 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/php-myadm [Thu Jan 12 07:04:56 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpmanage [Thu Jan 12 07:04:55 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/pma2005 [Thu Jan 12 07:04:54 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/PMA2005 [Thu Jan 12 07:04:54 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/p [Thu Jan 12 07:04:53 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/mysqlmana [Thu Jan 12 07:04:52 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/sqlmanage [Thu Jan 12 07:04:52 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:51 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:50 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:50 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:49 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:48 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:48 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:47 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:47 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:46 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:45 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:45 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:44 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:43 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:43 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:42 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:41 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:41 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:40 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:39 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:39 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:38 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:38 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:37 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:36 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:36 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:35 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:34 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:34 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:33 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:32 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:32 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:31 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:30 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:30 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi

Jailing Failed phpMyAdmin Attempts with Fail2Ban - Henry Petry

http://www.henrypetry.com/phpmyadmin-fail2ban/

- Henry Petry http://www.henrypetry.com/phpmyadmin-fail2ban/ [Thu Jan 12 07:04:29 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2]

[Thu Jan 12 07:04:29 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:29 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:28 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:27 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:27 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:26 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:25 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:25 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:24 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:23 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:23 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:22 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:22 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:21 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:20 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:20 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:19 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:18 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:18 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:17 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:16 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:16 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:15 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:15 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:14 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:13 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:13 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/php-my-ad [Thu Jan 12 07:04:12 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:11 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:11 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpmyadmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:10 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/websql [Thu Jan 12 07:04:09 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/php-my-ad [Thu Jan 12 07:04:09 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/web [Thu Jan 12 07:04:08 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/xampp [Thu Jan 12 07:04:07 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/web [Thu Jan 12 07:04:07 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/pma [Thu Jan 12 07:04:06 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpmyadmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:06 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpmyadmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:05 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpmyadmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:04 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpMyAdmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:04 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/phpadmin [Thu Jan 12 07:04:03 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/typo3 [Thu Jan 12 07:04:02 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/mysqladmi [Thu Jan 12 07:04:02 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/mysql [Thu Jan 12 07:04:01 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/myadmin [Thu Jan 12 07:04:00 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/dbadmin [Thu Jan 12 07:04:00 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/db [Thu Jan 12 07:03:59 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/admin/php [Thu Jan 12 07:03:58 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/admin/pma [Thu Jan 12 07:03:58 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/admin/scr [Thu Jan 12 07:03:57 2012] [error] [client 96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/scripts

96.254.171.2] File does not exist: /var/www/foo/scripts First, let’s create the jail. Add this text to the

First, let’s create the jail. Add this text to the end of the file in /etc/fail2ban/jail.local

[phpmyadmin]

enabled = true

port

filter = phpmyadmin logpath = /var/log/apache*/*error.log maxretry = 3 bantime = 3600

= http,https

Second, let’s create the filter. I’m just going to check for a few of the primary ones. Feel free to expand the list as you see necessary. Create the file /etc/fail2ban/filter.d/phpmyadmin.conf and paste in this text:

and paste in this text: [Definition] failregex = [[]client <HOST>[]] (File

[Definition] failregex = [[]client <HOST>[]] (File does not exist|script ').*(phpMyAdmin|phpmyadmin|dbadmin|mysq ignoreregex =

Finally restart Fail2Ban to pickup our changes

# /etc/init.d/fail2ban restart

Jailing Failed phpMyAdmin Attempts with Fail2Ban - Henry Petry

Failed phpMyAdmin Attempts with Fail2Ban - Henry Petry http://www.henrypetry.com/phpmyadmin-fail2ban/ Checking my

http://www.henrypetry.com/phpmyadmin-fail2ban/

Checking my fail2ban.log file I can see that my script is working correctly and has already blocked two bad IPs.

# tail /var/log/fail2ban.log

2012-09-27 13:43:55,199 fail2ban.actions: WARNING [phpmyadmin] Ban 96.254.171.2 2012-09-27 14:22:42,122 fail2ban.actions: WARNING [phpmyadmin] Ban 157.55.32.109

Anyone running a phpMyAdmin scanning script will be stopped and their IP address will be jailed via iptables for 60 minutes. I’ve seen a huge decline in the number of phpMyAdmin attempts in my error logs. This won’t stop the attempts completely, however they seem to get annoyed and give up after having their IP blocked.

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