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Common Names and Botanical

Names of Some Plants


Note: Kan. Refers to Name in Kannada (Language of Karnataka, India).

The plants are categorized under the families they belong to.

Myrtaceae

• Clove – Eugenia caryophyllus


• Eucalyptus – Eucalyptus lanceolatus
• Kan. Nerale - Eugenia jambolana
• Mehandi - Myrtus communis

Poaceae

• Rice - Oryza sativa


• Wheat - Triticum sativum
• Maize - Zea mays
• Bamboo – Bambusa aruninaceae

Solanaceae

• Potato - Solanum tuberosum


• Kan. Ganike - Solanum nigrum
• Tomato - Lycoperidium esculantum
• Tobacco - Nicotiana tobaccum
• Brinjal - Solanum melongena
• Deadly Night shade - Atropa belladona
• Ashvagandha - Withenia somnifera

Apocynaceae

• Sarpagandha - Raulwolfia serpentina

Malvaceae

• Cotton - Gossypium herbecium


• Shoe flower, Hibiscus – Hibiscus rosa sinensis
• Lady’s finger – Hibiscus esculantum

Tiliaceae

• Jute - Corchorus capsularis

Palmae or Aracheceae

• Coconut, Coir – Cocos nucifera


• Date Palm - Phoenix dactylifera
• Areca nut - Areca catechu
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Rubiaceae
• Coffee - Coffea arabica

Theaceae

• Tea - Camellia sinensis

Verbinaceae

• Teak – Tectona grandis

Piperaceae

• Pepper – Piper nigrum

Lauraceae

• Cinnamon – Cinnamomum zylanicum

Zingiberaceae

• Cardamom – Ellateria cardamomum

Asteraceae

• Saf flower - Carthamus tinctorius

Musaceae

• Banana - Musa paradisica

Liliaceae

• Onion - Allium cepa


• Garlic – Allium sativum
• Gloriosa superba

Orachidaceae

• Vanda - Vanda voxburghii


• Vanilla - Vanilla plantifolia
• Orchis latifolia

Amaranthaceae

• Kan. Uthraani - Achyranthus aspera

Cruciferae or Brassicaceae

• Mustard – Brassica juncea


• Radish – Raphanus sativus

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••Leguminoceae or Fabaceae

-Papilionaceae

• Groundnut – Arachis hypogea


• Pigeon Pea (Kan. thogari bele) - Cajanus cajana
• Bengal gram (Kan. Kadle bele) - Cicer arietinum
• Green gram (Kan. Hesaru bele) – Phaseolus radiates
• Black gram - Phaseolus mungo
• French gram – Phaseolus valgaris
• Rose Wood – Dalbargia latifolia
• Honne – Pterocarpous marsupium
• Soya bean – Glycine max

-Caesalpinae

• Tamarind - Tamarindus indica

-Mimoceae

• Touch me not – Mimosa pudica


• Acacia catechu

Rutaceae

• Forest Pepper – Toddalia asiatica


• Lemon – Citrus medica
• Kan. Naga daale – Ruta graveolens

Euphorbiaceae

• Kum kum – Mallotus phillipiensis


• Kan. Bettada Nelli – Phyllanthus emblica
• Kan. Nela Nelli – Phyllanthus niruri
• Kan. Kiru Nelli – Phyllanthus acidus

Asclepidaceae

• Kan. Ekka – Calotropis procera


• Indian Sarsaparilla (kan. sogade beru) – Hemidesmus indicus

Lamiaceae or Labiatae

• Lucas - Lucas aspera


• Pudhina - Mentha virdis
• Kan.Kaashi thumbe - Saliva officinalis
• Sweet Basil – Ocimum basilum

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Acanthaceae

• Kan. Aadu soge – Adathoda vesica


• Kan. Kanakaambara – Crossandra Sps.

Cucurbitaceae

• Cucumber – Cucubita sativus


• Water melon - Citrullus vulgaris
• Kan. Boodu kumbala kaayi – Cucurbita pepo

Asteraceae or Compositae
• Sun flower – Helianthus annus
• Tridax proambens

Umbelliferae or Apiaceae

• Coriander - Coriander sativum


• Indian Pennywovt (Brhami; Kan.Ondelaga) – Centella asiatica

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