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# Topic Equations

Class 8 Calculate the area of each of the following rectangles by counting the number of squares (assuming each square is 1cm2)

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## 21. Which figure has the largest area?

22. Find the perimeter of a triangle with sides measuring 5 centimeters, 9 centimeters and 11 centimeters. 23. A rectangle has a length of 8 centimeters and a width of 3 centimeters. Find the perimeter 24. Find the perimeter of a square with each side measuring 2 inches? 25. Find the perimeter of an equilateral triangle with each side measuring 4 centimeters. 26. Find the perimeter of the given figure?

## 35. Find the length of the base?

36. Find the perimeter and area of a right triangle if one leg measures 5 cm and the other leg measures 12 cm. 37. Find the perimeter of the figure?

## 58. Find the area of the triangle?

59. Find the area of a triangle with a base of 12 cm and a height of 7 cm. 60. Find the area of a triangle with a base of 30 cm and a height of 20 cm. Find the perimeter and area of the given figure?

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69. The length and the breadth of a rectangular piece of land are 500 m and 300 m respectively. Find its area and the cost of the land, if 1 m 2 of the land costs Rs.10,000 70. Find the area of a square park whose perimeter is 320 m? 71. Find the breadth of s rectangular plot of land, if its area is 440 m 2 and the length is 22 m. Also find its perimeter? 72. The perimeter of a rectangular sheet is 100 cm. If the length is 35 cm, find its breadth, and the area of the sheet? 73. The area of a square park is the same as that of a rectangular park. if the side of the square park is 60 m and the length of the rectangular park is 90 m, find he breadth of the rectangular park?

74. A wire is in the shape of a rectangle. Its length is 40 cm and breadth is 22 cm. If the same wire is rebent in the shape of a square, what will be the measure of each side? Also find which shape encloses more area? 75. The perimeter of a rectangle is 130 cm. If the breadth of the rectangle is 30 cm, find its length. Also find he area of the rectangle? 76. A door of length 2 m and breadth of 1 m is fitted in a wall. The length of the wall is 4.5 m and the breadth is 3.6 m. Find the cost of painting the wall, if the rate of painting the wall is Rs.20 per m2? Find the area of the following triangles?

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81. Find the missing values: S. No. a b c Base 15 cm ? 22 cm Height ? 31.4 mm ? Area of triangle 87 cm2 1256 mm2 170.5 cm2

82. ABC is a right angled triangle. AD is perpendicular to BC. If AB = 5 cm, BC = 13 cm and AC = 12 cm, Find the area of ABC. Also find the length of AD?

83. ABC is isosceles with AB = AC = 7.5 cm and BC = 9cm. The height AD from A to BC is 6cm. Find the area of the ABC. What will be the height of CE?

84. A garden is 90 m long and 75 m wide. A path 5m wide is to be built outside and around it. Find the area of the path? 85. A 3 m wide path runs outside and around a rectangular park of length 125 m and breadth 65 m. Find the area of the path? 86. A picture is painted on a cardboard 8 cm long and 5 cm wide such that there is a margin of 1.5 cm along each of its sides. Find the total area of the margin? 87. A verandah width 2.25 m is constructed all along outside a room which is 5.5 m long and 4 m wide. Find the area of the verandah and the cost of cementing the floor @ Rs.200 per m2 88. A path 1 m wide is built along the border and inside a square garden of side 30m. Find the area of the path and the cost of planting carpet grass in the remaining portion of the garden @ Rs.40 per m2. 89. Two cross roads, each of width 10 m cut at right angles through the centre of a rectangular park of length 700 m and breadth 300 m and parallel to its sides. find the area of the roads. and the area of the park excluding cross roads? 90. Through a rectangular field of length 90m and width 60 m, two roads are constructed which are parallel to the sides and cut each other at right angles

through the centre of the fields. If the width of each road is 3m, find the area covered by the roads and the cost of constructing the roads @ Rs.110 per m 2? 91. Calculate the total area of the given figure:

## 95. Calculate the area of the shaded region?

96. In the given figure the rectangular mouth is 14 mm long and 4 mm wide. The triangular nose has a base of 6 mm and height of 4 mm. Each small rectangular eye has length 5 mm and width 2 mm. Find the area of the shaded region?

97. A bedroom is 3 m by 3 m. How many square metres of carpet is needed to cover the floor of the room? 98. A bedroom is 2.6 m by 2.8 m. How many square metres of carpet is needed to cover the floor of the room? 99. What is the area of a bedroom wall that is 2.6 m wide by 1.2 m high? Roughly how much paint is needed for two coatings of the wall (A litre of paint will cover 15 m2 on average)? 100. A kitchen bench top is 1.1 m by 2.3 m. How many square metres of laminate is needed to cover the top of the bench? 101. A rectangular paddock is 124 m by 110 m. What is the area of the paddock in square metres and hectares (1 hectare = 10 000 m2)? 102. The builder wants to put a 2 m wide concrete path around the outside of a 12 m square building. What is the area of the path? Find the area of the purple triangle inside each rectangle:

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## Calculate the area of each of the following triangles:

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112. 113. A triangular road sign has a base of 90 cm and a perpendicular height of 120 cm. What is the area of the road sign? 114. A scarf has a triangular shape with a base of 120 cm and a perpendicular height of 50 cm. What area of material was used to make the scarf? 115. The front gable of a house has a triangular shape with a base of 4 m and a perpendicular height of 2 m. What is the area of the gable? 116. A paddock, in the shape of a triangle, has a base of 200 m and a perpendicular height of 50 m. What is the area of the paddock in square metres and hectares (1 hectare = 10 000 m2)? 117. A paddock, in the shape of a triangle, has a base of 650 m and a perpendicular height of 450 m. What is the area of the paddock in square metres and hectares? Calculate the area of each of the following composite shapes:

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126. 127. A rectangular paddock has been roughly measured as 300 m 10 m by 450 m 10 m. a) What is the largest possible area of the paddock? b) What is the smallest possible area of the paddock? c) If the value of land is Rs.18,000 per hectare, what is the largest value of the paddock? 128. The cliff sign has a base of 0.8 m and a perpendicular height of 0.9 m. How much sheet metal is needed to make 100 cliff warning signs?

129. A company has an offer to supply and install a laminate floor for Rs.54.50 per square metre. How much will it cost to laminate the floor? 130. The total area of the purple rectangles in the middle is 16 m 2. What is the total area of the yellow rectangles?

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## A farm is made up of 3 paddocks. What is the total area of the farm?

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The area of the rectangle is 72 m2. What is the length of the rectangle?

134. If the perpendicular height of a triangle has been tripled, what has happened to the area of the triangle? 135. If the length of a rectangle has been doubled and the width tripled, what has happened to the area of the rectangle? 136. The two rectangles overlap. What is the area of the overlap?

137. A 3 cm border is cut from a rectangular sheet of paper so that the remaining rectangle has an area one-quarter of the original rectangular sheet of paper. If the length was 12 cm what was the breadth?

138. A company has an offer to supply and install carpet at Rs.68.90 per square metre. How much will it cost to carpet the lounge? 139. A rectangular paddock has been roughly measured as 400 m 10 m by 450 m 10 m. .a) What is the largest possible area of the paddock? b) What is the smallest possible area of the paddock? c) If the value of land is Rs.28 000 per hectare, what is the largest value of the paddock? 140. A square and a rectangular field with measurements as given in the figure have the same perimeter. Which field has a larger area?

141. Mrs. Kaushik has a square plot with the measurement as shown in the figure. She wants to construct a house in the middle of the plot. A garden is developed around the house. Find the total cost of developing a garden around the house at the rate of Rs 55 per m2.

142. The length of a rectangle is 2 times its width. The area of the rectangle is 72 cm2. Find the dimensions of the rectangle. 143. The length of a rectangular garden is 4m more than its width. The area of the garden is 60 m2. Find the dimensions of the garden.

144. The length of a rectangle is 3 centimeters more than the width. The area is 108 cm2. Find-the length and width of the rectangle. 145. One leg of a right triangle is one inch shorter than the other leg. hypotenuse is 5 cm, find the length of the shorter leg. If the

146. The perimeter of a triangle is 55in. The second side is twice as long as the first side. The third side is five more than the second side. What are its dimensions? 147. The perimeter of a triangle is 22cm. The first side is one more than twice as long as the second side. The third side is three times as long as the first side. What are its dimensions? 148. The perimeter of a triangle is 60cm. Side a of the triangle is three times as long as side b. Side c is twice as long as side b. What are its dimensions? 149. The width of a rectangle is half as long as the length. If its perimeter is 15 cm, find the dimensions of the rectangle. 150. The length of a rectangle is 1 more than 3 times the width. If its perimeter is 34 cm, find the dimensions of the rectangle.

Answer Key: 1. 4 cm2 2. 9 cm2 3. 15 cm2 4. 12 cm2 5. 16 cm2 6. 18 cm2 7. 25 m2 8. 1600 m2 9. 99 mm2 10. 432 m2 11. 21 km2 12. 2.76 km2 13. 1600 cm2 14. 99 mm2 15. 72 cm2 16. 70 cm2 17. 35 cm2 18. 32 cm2 19. c has the largest area. 20. b has the largest area. 21. b has the largest area 22. 25 cm 23. 22 cm 24. 8 inches 25. 12 cm 26. 20 cm 27. 25 cm2 28. 26 cm 29. 40 cm2 30. 11 cm 31. 32 cm 32. 32 cm

33. 48 cm 34. 6 cm2 35. 8 cm 36. 30 cm2 37. 36 38. 23 39. 34 40. 30 41. 34 42. 44 43. 22 44. 28 45. 38 46. 12 cm2 47. 25 cm2 48. 30 49. 24 50. 22.5 51. 18 52. 48 53. 35 54. 27 55. 28 56. 20 57. 8 58. 70 59. 42 cm2 60. 300 cm2 61. 46ft, 120 ft2 62. 46 ft, 130 ft2 63. 58 ft, 190 ft2 64. 68m, 169 m2 65. 38m, 68 m2 66. 71m, 124 m2

67. 65m, 176m2 68. 64m, 120m2 69. 150000 m2, Rs.1500000000 70. 6400 m2 71. 20 m, 84 m2 72. 15 cm, 525 cm2 73. 40 m 74. 31 cm, Square shape 75. 35 cm, 1050 cm2 76. Rs.284 77. 6 cm2 78. 8 cm2 79. 6 cm2 80. 3 cm2 81. a) 11.6 cm, b) 80 mm, c) 15.5 cm 82. 30 cm2, 4.6 cm 83. 27 cm2, 7.2 cm 84. 1750 m2 85. 8125 m2 86. 30 cm2 87. 63 m2, Rs.12,600 88. 116 m2, Rs.31,360 89. 21000 m2, 200100 m2 90. 441 m2, Rs.48,510 91. 48m2 92. 24 cm2 93. 32 cm2 94. 42 m2 95. 500 m2 96. 248 mm2 97. 9 m2 98. 7.28 m2 99. 3.12 m2, 0.416 litres 100. 2.53 m2

101. 102. 103. 104. 105. 106. 107. 108. 109. 110. 111. 112. 113. 114. 115. 116. 117. 118. 119. 120. 121. 122. 123. 124. 125. 126. 127. 128. 129. 130. 131. 132. 133. 134.

13640 m2, 1.364 hectare 112 m2 27 mm2 75 cm2 150 m2 45.5 cm2 36 m2 27.5 mm2 70 cm2 35 mm2 14 m2 67.5 cm2 5400 cm2 5400 cm2 4 m2 0.5 hectares 146250 m2, 14.625 hectares 81 m2 486 cm2 177 cm2 105 m2 200 cm2 3570 cm2 2138.5 cm2 180.5 m2 209.5 cm2 1,42,600 m2, 1,27,600 m2, Rs.2,56,680 36 m2 23.13 m2, Rs.1261 84 m2 4.5 cm2 9.75 ha. 6m tripled

135. 136. 137. 138. 139. 140. 141. 142. 143. 144. 145. 146. 147. 148. 149. 150.

6 times larger 2a2 12 cm Rs.565 188600 m2, 171600 m2, Rs.5,28,080 a would have larger area. Rs 17,875 length = 12 cm and width = 6 cm length = 10 m and width = 6 m length = 12 cm and width = 9 cm 3 cm 10, 20 and 25 5, 2, and 15 30, 10 and 20 5 and 2.5 cm 4 and 13