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/0)"1 &2 324 #' 5 *)6


Step Out From the Old to the New
Jawaharlal Nehru

IS 3231-2-3 (1987): Electrical relays for power system protection, Part 2: Requirements for principal families, Section 3: General requirements for thermal relays [ETD 35: Power Systems Relays]

Invent a New India Using Knowledge

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Knowledge is such a treasure which cannot be stolen
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IS : 3231 ( Part 2/Set 3 )- 1987 (Reaffirmed 1992)

Indian Standard

( Reaffirmed 2001 )

SPECIFICATION FOR ELECTRICAL RELAYS FOR POWER SYSTEM PROTECTION


PART 2 REQUIREMENTS 3 General FOR PRINCIPAL for Thermal 1997) FAMILIES Relays

Section

Requirements

(Second Reprint MARCH

UDC

621-316.$125~44 : 621.318.5

BUREAU
MANAK

OF
BHAVAN, 9

INDIAN
B4HADUR NEW DELHI

STANDARDS
SHAH 1100112 ZAFAR MARC

Gr (i

JVovember 1587

IS : 3231 ( Part P/Set 3 ) - 1987

Indian Standard
SPECIFICATION FOR ELECTRICAL RELAYS FOR POWER SYSTEM PROTECTION
PART 2 REQUIREMENTS FOR PRINCIPAL FAMILIES Section 3 General Requirements for Thermal Relays
Sectional Committee, ETDC 35

Relays
Chairman +SHRI V. S. DORAI Members

Represcnfing Tata Hydro-Electric Bombay Power Supply Co Ltd,

Hindustan Steel Ltd, Rancbi SHIU R. D. BATRA SHHI G. K. SARAN ( Alfcrnate ) Delhi Electric Supply Undertaking, New Delhi SHRI R. C. BHATIA SHRI M. K. CAAUDEARY ( Alternate ) Tamil Nadu Electricity Board, Madras SHRI T. B. CHIKKOBA SHKI V. V. SAA~PATH( Alternate ) Railway Board, New Delhi DEPUTY DIRECTOR ( PSI-II ) DEPUTY DIRECTOR, S&T ( Alternate ) Central Electricity Authority, New Delhi DIILECTOR ( CIP ) Directorate General of Supplies & Disposals SHRI K. L. GARQ ( Inspection Wing ), New DI,lhi Sarr~ S. KRISHNA ( Alfernafc ) SHHI S. G. KA~ADKAR Bombay Electric Supply & Transport Undertaking, Bombay SHRI M. A. KARIM ( Altcrmztc ) Larsen & Toubro Ltd, Bombay SECRI V. S. KAUSHIK~AR SHRI DEVENDER NATH ( Alfcrmtc ) SHHI G. K. MALAVIYA Universal Elrctrics Ltd, 24 Parganas SHI~I C. GHOSH ( Afkmalc ) National Test House, Calcutta SHHI B. C. MUKHERJEE SHKI D. P. MUI~RERJEE ( Allernnte ) SHI~I NACHHATTER SINQH Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd SHRI R. RAMASUBBAIAE ( Altcrnofe I ) SHRI S. G. DESHPANDE ( Alternate II )
Sri

V. S. Dorai was Chairman

for

the

meeting

in which

this

standard

w&8 finalized. (

Continued on page 2

0 BUREAU

Copyright 1987 STANDARDS

OF INDIAN

This publication is protected under the h&m Copyright Act ( XIV of 1957) and reproduction in whole or in part by any means except with written permission of the publisher shall be deemed to be an infringement of copyright under the said Act!

IS : 3231 ( Part 2/See 3 ) - 1987

SIII<I S. N;\,I.AHAJAN

Bombay SHl<l A. A. PAUL SHIII P. P. K.~RIIAuE ( Alternate) University of Roorkee, Roorkee SHRI h. Ii. RA.IA Aluminium Industries Ltd, Trivandrum Si11<1 R. kaMANIJJAN SHHI LI. NARAYANAN( Alternate ) Hindustan Brown Boveri Ltd, Vadodara SHIM U. V. RAO SHHI P. U. BHAT ( Alternafe ) Tata Hydro-Electric Power Supply Co Ltd. SIIHI A. M. S.\HNI Bombay *SHRI V. S. Doa.u (Alternate) ASEA Ltd, Bombay Drt M. T. SANT SHRI 1~. S. PALKI ( Alternate ) U. P. State Electricity Board, Lucknow SHI~I 1s. S. SHAHMA SHRI C. P. GUPTA ( Ahmate) Directorate General of Technical Development, Smr~ S. SIV.~SUBRAMANIAN New Delhi SHILI P. K. HALDAX ( Alfcrnatc) Haryana State Electricity Board, Chandigarh S,,PE,LINT,SNI~INO ~NCIINEIELt SHRI HAI<NAKINDLR SIN~H ( Alternate ) Laboratory ( CSIR ), National Physical SHFlI S. 1. SUKI New Delhi SHKI S. C. GARB ( Alfernate ) Engineers India Ltd, New Delhi SIII<I G. 9. II~AI).\NI SHILI S. G. GORHALE ( Altcrnafe ) Jyoti Ltd, Vadodara i>l< 1;. I;. lJtAhl<AR SHI<I I< K. L).\SOUPTA ( Alfernatc ) English Electric Co of India Ltd, Madr.ls SHHI K. VAsUllLvAN SHIII T. V. G. MZNON ( Alfernafc) Karnataka Electricity Board, Bangalore SHNI 15. K. VBNKATIXII SIIXI K. 1. RAMASWAMY ( Alfernate ) Director General, BIS ( Ex-oficioMmbcr ) SHRI s. P. SAclln~v, Director ( Elec tech )
Secretary

Easun Reyrolle Relays Tamil Nadu Tata Consulting Engineers,

and

Devices

Lro,

K. M. BHATIA Joint Director ( Elec tech ), BIS


SHHI

IS I 3231 ( Part P/Set 3 ) - 1987

Indian Standard
SPECIFICATION FOR ELECTRICAL RELAYS FOR POWER SYSTEM PROTECTION
PART 2 REQUIREMENTS 3 General FOR PRINCIPAL for Thermal FAMILIES Relays Section Requirements

0.

FOREWORD

0.1 This Indian Standard ( Part Z/Set 3 ) was adopted by the Bureau of Indian Standards on 26 April 1987, after the draft finalized by Relays Sectional Committee had been approved by the Electrotechnical Division Council. 0.2 This standard is one of the series of standards being brought out to cover requirements of protection relays. General introduction to this series is given in IS : 3231 ( Part 0 )-1986*. 0.3 ~According to the classification on hierarchical basis [ see IS : 3231 ( Part 0 j-1986* 1, this standard is a second level document. 0.4 This standard is based on IEC Publication 255-8( 1978) Electrical relays : Part 8 Thermal electrical relays issued by the International Electrotechnical Commission. 1. SCOPE
1.1 This standard ( Part Z/Set 3 ) is applicable to dependent specified time electrical measuring relays which protect the equipment from electrical thermal damage by the measurement of the current flowing in the protected equipment. 1.1.1 This standard

covers the following two types of relays: a) Thermal electrical relays having a total memory function of loadcurrent conditions before the conditions which caused the switching of the relays; and electrical relays having a partial memory functio?,. for a memory function of the overload current condltlons
relays for power system protection: Fart 0 General

t)) Thermal example,


only.

*Specification for electrical ntroduction and list of parts.

IS : 3231 ( Part 2/Set 3 ) - 1987 1.2 Electrical relays with dependent specified time, having no memory function are not covered by this specification but are covered in IS : 3231 (P art ?/Set 2 )-1987*. 1.3 This standard applies only to relays in new condition. ) covered by IS : 8544 ( Parts 1 to 4 )t are

1.4 Devices ( motor starters excluded from this standard. 2. TERMINOLOGY

2.1 For the purpos( of this standard, the following definitions to thosr given in IS : 1885 ( Part 9 )-19861 shall apply.

in addition

2.2 Thermal Electrical Relay - A dependent specified time measuring relay which protects an equipment from electrical thermal damage by the measurement of the current flowing in the protected equipmrnt. 2.3 Thermal Electrical Relay with Total thermal electrical relay which, in its operating account the thermal effects of the load and before the operation of the relay. Memory Function - A characteristics, takes into overload currents existing

2.4 Thermal Electrical Relay with Partial Memory Function - A thermal rlectrical relay whirh, in its operating characteristics, takes into account the thermal effects of the input currents existing before the operation of the relay only when they exceed a given threshold level which establishes the overload condition. 2.5 Hot Curve - For a thermal electrical relay with a total memory function. the characteristic curve representing the relationship between specified operating time and current, taking account of the thermal effect of a specified steady-state load current before the overload occurs. 2.6 Cold Curve - For a thermal electrical relay, the characteristic curve representing the relationship between specified operating time and current, with the relay in a steady-state condition with a characteristic quantity at zero va!ue.
*Specification for electrical relays for power system protection: Part 3 Requirements for particular group of relays, Section 2 Dependent specified time measuring relays. t.Specilicatlon for motor starttars for voltages not exceeding 1 000 V: Part I I)irrct-on-linr, ac shrters. Part 2 Star tlrlta stnrtcr. Part n I~lINA\tztIr~ rlAr,r s,nrtlrS. Part 1 1<~vI~Ic~Yi vultacqr ac start:Lrs, two4rp auto transformer starters. :l:lt~ctrl~t~~~~lllrl~~al VocalIIIlar~ : Part 9 Electrical relays (,jirst rcuision)

IS : 3231 ( Part 2/Set 3 ) - 1987 2.7 Correcting Quantity ( Compensating Quantity ) - A quantity modifying the specified characteristics of the relay in a specified manner. Such quantities can be oil temperature, air temperature, etc. 2.8 Assigned Error - The error limits within which the manufacturer declares that any relay of a given type will perform under the reference conditions. 2.9 Basic Currentthe relay is required

The specified not to operate.

limiting

value

of the current

for which
of the relay

Now - The basic current serves as a reference characteristics of thermal electrical relays. Settings are made in terms of this current.

for the definition of a thermal electrical

3. STANDARD

VALUES Quantity No The standard standard rated rated values values for ac or dc (rms) are for

3.1 Input Energizing 3.1.1 specified. Primary

Relays -

3.1.2 Secondary Relays ac are given below: Preferred values

of current

are underlined 1, 2 and -5 rated A values of voltage 600 mV are given

0.5, 3.1.3 below: Shunt Relays -- The

standard

30, 45, 50, 60, 75, 100, 150, 300 and

3.2 Auxiliary Energizing Quantities - The rated values shall beselected from the following standard values, the underlined values being preferred. Other values standardized in particular fields ( for example, railways ) are permitted. 3.2.1 AC Voltage ( rms ) 24, 48, 55, 100 , 110 , 120 , 100, 110, /3 -n: n415, 380, 415, --=zz43 480, 500 and 115

127, 200, 220,

660 V

3.2.2

DC Voltages 12, 21, 48, 60, ~ 1 10, 125, 220, and _-.._ 250 _ -5 440 V

IS : 3231 ( Part

P/Set 3 ) - 1987 shaI1 be selected

3.3 Frequency - The standard rated value of frequency from the following, the underlined value being preferred: 60, 50 and lS$ Hz 3.4 Contact Circuits - The IS : 3231 ( Part l/Set 1 )-1986* requirements shall apply. of contact

circuits

given in

of time with respect to 3.5 Characteristic Curves - The characteristics current can be stated either by equations or by graphical methods. The equations for a simple thermal model are given in 3.5.1 and 3.5.2. Other characteristic curves are permitted and should be specified by the manufacturer. As an example, see Appendix A.
NOTE 1 - For practical purpuses, for example testing, it is convenient to give the characteristic curve as a combination of current and time values. Suitable values may be given by the manufacturer or specified in lower level documents. NOTE 2 -The manufacturer. time constant used in an equation shall be declared by the

3.5.1 Cold Curve - A general curve for thermal electrical relays, on the heating effect and on the time constant, is given by formula.

based

t
where

==T.

loge 1% -

12
( k . IB )

t = operating

time, ( see Note 1 ),

T = time constant, ZB = basic current k = I =


NOTE 1 -

constant

( see Note 2 ), and

relay current.

The specified conditions for the basic currznt f Ig ) and relay current The effective range for which I-curve is valid will be stated in lower level document.

( I ) are to be stated by the manufacturer.

N~TJ~ 2 - k is a constant by which In is multiplied to obtain the current value to which the accuracy of the curu nt is referred. *Specification for electrical requirements, Section 1 Contact relays for power performance. system protection: Part 1 Genera

IS : 3231 ( Part 2/Set 3 ) - 1987

FIG. 1 GENERAL FORM OF COLD CCRVE 3.5.2 Hot CWUE-With regard to preheating on a relay with total memory function, the hot curve is relevant. For example, the equation o1)tainr.d by modification of the general cold curve is given by the following which is derived in Appendix B: ., lormula, I2 - I*__ ___.~ t = l- . log, Zn - f . k.1,-, 12 lvhcre I,, is the specified load current before the overload occurs.
~ _ -

3.6 Standard Reference Values of Influencing Quantities and Factoss, and :standard Values of Their Nominal and Extreme Ranges 3.6.1 S:mdard Reference Values of Influencing @antitie., and Factors The stnnd;ll ti reference vn lues and associated test tolerances of influencing quantities and Ikctors are given in Table 1. The reference setting values of tilllc >,l~iil lx decl;xed by the manufacturer when it differs from maximum sr>ttir:r: v,~lilrs. The test tolerances for the setting values of time shall be sta tc>d I)y the manufacturer. 3.6.? 59~lndard Values of the Limits of the Nominal Range of Injuencing Quanfi/icp.c nr~l Fuctors - The standard values of the limits of the nominal range of irlfl\lrncing quantities and factors are given in Table 2. 3.6.3 Sfandard Values of Limits of Extreme Ranges of Influencing Qz4antitie.sor Fmtm ;tJ Limit.~ of Extreme Range of Temperature - The standard values of the limits of the extreme range of temperature are -20C a1.d +soOc. NO.IE l- The limits of extreme rnnge of temperature take into account
Installation, storage and transport conditions. Thry are applicable uncnrr:;iztd relays. is an example of those influrncing Yjo,r,,; 2 - Temperature which may cause irreversible changes in relays. only quantities to

IS : 3231 ( Part P/Set 3 ) - 1987


TABLE 1 STANDARD REFERENCE CONDITIONS AND TEST OF INFLUENCING QUANTITIES AND FACTORS ( Clause 3.6.1 ) INFLUENCING QUANTITY AxiD FACTOR
f

TOLERANCES

REFERENCE CONDITION ( see NOTE 1 ) 27C 8G to 106 ( 860 to mbar ) 45 to 75 percent As stated by manufacturer the kPa 1 060

TESTTOLERANCES f 2C -

Ambient

temperature prewcre

1 Atmospheric I i Relative 1 Position


General 1

humidity

( see Note 2 degrees direction -

2 ) in any

i
i I

Extwnal field

magnetic

Eq11a1 to or less than 10 times the earths induction ( see Note 3 ) Zero Zero Zero ( scb Note 5 ) To bc given in lower level document do Under

Alternating magnetic

electrofield

consideration do do -

1 Electra-static field I Vibration (SPCNote 4)


[ r Self-heating Basic current Magnitude (rcfcrcnce for determination of variations) Frequency Waveform

To be given in lower level document -f 05 percent Note 6 ) Distortion 2 percent 7 and 8) 3 percent Note 10) 2 percent value ( sdc

/ I
Characteristic i quantities and 1 input i energizing I I quantity

Rated

value

Sinusoidal

factor (see Notes (XC

i )
I r f

Alternating component in dc ( ripple ) ( see Note 9 ) DC component in ac

Zero

Zero

of peak

Time

Setting Setting parameter(s) of the curve

As declared manufacturer As declared manufacturer

by the

by

the

( Continued )

IS : 3231 ( Part 2/Set 3 ) - 1987


TABLE 1 STANDARD REFERENCE CONDITIONS AND TEST TOLERANCES OF INFLUENCING QUANTITIES AND FACTORS - Con/d
INBLUENCINO QUANTITY AND FACTOU [ REFERENCE CONDITION ( SW NOTE 1 )

TEST TOLE~ ANCFS As declared manufacturer f 0.5 percent Note G ) by the ( see

Voltage Freqllency

Rated Rated

value(s) value

I
Auxiliarv energizing quantities

I 1 Waveform
:

Sinusoidal

factor Distortion 2 percent (see Notes 7 and 8 ) 3 Note percent 10 ) of ( see

I
I

Alternating component in dc ( ripple ) ( see Note 9 ) in ac

Zero

1 DC component
1

Zero

2Vay;zcent

peak

NOTE 1 - Special conditions of application or the character of the relay may In such cases, the manufacturw shall necessitate the use of non-standard values. For instance, special applications may state the reference values and tolerances. nccesqitate the use of 45C as the reference value of ambient temperature instead of 27C. NOTE 2 - Durin: tests of variations due to temperature, this range of rrlative humidity may be exceeded provided that no condensatiou occurs. N~TK 3 - Conventionally NOTE 4 - The influence bimetallic relays. taken as 05 mT. of vibration may be important. in partjclllar for

NOTE 5 - The manufacturer shall declare the effects of self-hrating of wlnys mollnted as for normal service and of thermal dissipation by electrical connection where these effects are significant, that is, if they cause changes in accuracy which are of the same order of magnitude or greater than the accuracy class index. NOTE 6 .- If the performance is independent of the frequency, the tolerance mav be larger. When the relay is highly frequency-dependent and high accuracy is required, smaller tolerances may be necessary. NOTE 7 - Distortion factor is the ratio between the rms value of the harmonic contrwt obtained by subtracting the fundamental wave from a non-sinusoidal periodic qllantity, and the rms value of the non-sinusoidal quantity. It is usually wpreswd as a pwcentagr. NOTIE 8 - If the performance is very dependent on the wavrform, smali tolerancw may be necessary. content of a dc NOTE 9 - Alternating component in dc ( Ibat is, the ripple supply, expressed as a percentage ) is given by the following r quatioo: Ripple content whrrr No,ra tol~.rancrs Maximum = dc component is the mean instantaneolls voltage - minimum 2 x dc componrnt value of the waveform. by the mnnufactrlrt*r and thlx l,s(r, sm;lll instantanrolls voltagra

x 100 percent IO In certain caws, mny by necessary. as agreed

IS : 3231 ( Part P/Set 3 ) - 1987


TABLE 2 STANDARD VALUES OF INFLUENCING OF THE LIMITS OF THE NOMINAL QUANTITIES AND FACTORS ( Clause 3.62 INFLUENCINGQUANTITY FACTOR ) OR NOMINAL From RANGE RANGE

Ambient temperature Rate of change of ambient temperature Atmospheric pressure Relative humidity Posit ion External magnetic field

To be declared by manufacturer

5 to 45C (see Note 1

Alternating electromagnetic field Electrostatic field Vibration ( ice Note 4 of Table 1 ) Self-heating Basic current Magnitude I Charxtrri4tic (lklantitics and inpllt energizing quantity

80 to 1 IO kPa (800 to I 100 mbar) Neither condensation nor ice formation inside relay case 5O in any direction from reference position To be Under consideration. stated by the manufacturer, in the meantime Under consideration Under consideration Under consideration See Note 5 of Table 1 Limits of the calibrated range Outside the effective range as specified by the mauufacturer 47 ,o 51 Hz Under consideration

i
{

I i

c
Time i:
.\uxiliary

Frequency Waveform AC component in dc; steady state and transient DC component in ac, steady transient state and ( see Note 2 ) Setting Setting parameter(s) curve of the

L Limits of the calibrated range As indicated by the manufacturer

I
i 1

energizing quantities

Voltage r Frequency I ( Under consideration Waveform AC component in dc; steady state and transient

NOTE 1 - When measuring the effect ofdifferent ambient temperatures, ~ufficirnt time must elapse to stabilize the relay at the ambient temperature, at which measurements are to be made. NOT& 2 -- The manufacturer should declare component in the ac, if these are significant. the effects due to the transient dc

10

IS : 3231 ( Part P/Set 3 ) - 1987

1,) I.imit.r cfExtreme Ranges nf the Other InJuencing Q~~antities or Factors-

Extreme ranges of other influencing quantities are not yet included. The extreme ranges which are under consideration concern during transport, storage and shock, humidity, etc, especially installation.

4. VALUES OF LIMITS OF THE OPERATIVE AUXILIARY ENERGIZING QUANTITIES 4.1 The limits of the operative

RANGE

OF THE

range of each auxiliary energizing quantity shall be stated by the manufacturer, corresponding to the duty class of the circuit ( spe 6.1.2 ). ranges are 80 to 110 percent and

4.2 Preferred Ranges - The preferred 85 to 110 percent of rated value. 4.3

Marking

of the Operative

Range

4.3.1 Rated values shall be distinguished from the values of the l&its of the operative ranges) by suitable means, for example by underlining or by use of a special type face.
4.3.2 The values may be marked on the relay using, for example, the indications shown in Table 3 ( see 13 ). Clarification, as to which standard ran,ge is applicable, shall then be supplied by the manufacturer.
TABLE 3 EXAMPLES OF MARKING THE OPERATIVE RANGE AN AUXILIARY ENERGIZING QUANTITY BASED ON 80 TO 110 PERCENT RANGE EXAMPIE A single rated value 110 _ MEANINQ Rated value, 110 Operative range, cent of 110 V : Two rated values j : !IC! -110 80 to 110 perOF

Operative ranges, 80 to 110 percent of 110 V for the rated value 110 V 80 to 110 percent of 125 V for the rated value 125 V

5. DUTY

CLASSE9
are two duty classes for thermal duty, and duty. 11 electrical relays:

5.1 There

a) Continuous b) Short-time

IS : 3231 ( Part P/See 3 ) - 1987 6. THERMAL REQUIREMENTS

6.1 Maximum Permissible Temperatures - The maximum temperatures of insulating materials associated with energizing circuits shall not exceed those permitted for the appropriate class in IS : 1271-1985*, under the conditions given in 6.1.1.
NOTE- New insulating materials, not yet included in IS : 1271-1985 may be used at other maximum temperatures if the same degree of safety is ensured.

6.1.1 General Conditions - For the assessment of maximum temperatures, the general conditions given in 6.1.1.1 to 6.1.1.3, shall be fulfilled. 6.1.1.1 Ambient temperature - The ambient temperature pose of temperature-rise test shall not exceed 45C. 6.1.1.2 The tests to determine maximum with the contact circuits unenergized. circuits are
NOTE-

for the purshall be made

temperatures

not usually appreciably affected by the current in the contact circuits. In such circumstances, tests of temperature-rise may therefore be made without contact current. When the assembly of the relay or the magnitude of contact currents issuch that the te..rperature-rise of the contact circuits might affect the temperature rise of the energzing circuits, tests should be made with limiting continuous contact current flowing.

The maximum temperatures of materials associated with the energizing

6.1.1.3 After the tests, when restored to reference relay shall meet all other requirements of the specification. 6i1.2 4 Duty Class of Input Energizing Quantity

conditions,

the

Continuous du& - The relay circuits of this class are energized at the limiting continuous withstand value stated by the manu-

facturer.
b) Short-time duty - The relay circuits of this class are energized at their limiting temporary withstand value. This value and the duration of energization shall be stated by the manufacturer.

of maximum 6.1.3 Auxiliary Energizing Quantities - For the assessment . . temperatures, unless otherwise agreed between the manutacturer and the user, the values of auxiliary energizing quantities shall be at the upper limits of their operative ranges ( see 4 ), the relay circuits being energized in accordance with their duty class.
6.1.4 Settings - The requirements apply at all settings.
*Thermal evaluation and classification

concerning
of electrical

maximum

temperatures

insulation

(first revision ).

12

IS : 3231 ( Part 2/Set 3 ) - 1987 6.2 Short-Time Overload Tests - The requirements relating to shorttirtre ovcrloatl tests apply ouly to input enrrgizing circuits. Test shall be made to the relay in the normal ac.cc,lriplisli~~d witll all connections manner. After the test and after reference conditions are restored, the relay shall comply with all other requirements of the specification. Withstand Value - The relay shall 6.2.1 Limiting Short- Time Thermal of the limiting short-time thermal withwithstand a single application stand value stated by the manufacturer for 1 s denoting 1 second ( unless otherwise specified ). 7. ACCURACY 7.1 General - The accuracy of thermal electrical relays is concerned with the accuracy associated with both specified time and the current. The accuracy class indices relating to operating time and to operating current may be different. Thermal electrical relays may have ranges of adjustmrnt of time and/or current. Accuracy is determined under reference conditions which may specify particular values within these ranges of adjustment ( see Table 1 ). 7.1.1 Declared Performance - The manufacturer shall declare the assigned error (s) under reference conditions, variations due to influencing quantities, f,lctors, correcting quantities and, where relevnnt, the effective range of characteristics or input energizing quantities and the consistency. 7.2 Accuracy Relating to Time

7.2.1 Efective Ratye of the Operating Current - The effective range of the operating current will be specified in the appropriate lower level document. The upper and lower limits of the effective range shall be expressed as multiples of the basic current value. 7.2.2 Assigned Error - The assigned error shall be kither expressed in graphical form within the effective range or expressed by a class index ( declared by the manufacturer ) which will be multiplied by factors corresponding to the different values of current within its effective range. Corresponding values of current as multiples of basic current and values of assigned errors as multiples of class index will be stated in appropriate lower level documents. 7.2.2.1 The preferred values of class indices and 2U. An example is given in Appendix C. 13 are 1.5, 2.5, 5, 7.5, 10

IS : 3231 ( Part 2/Set 7.2.3

3 ) - 1987

Conditionsfor the Detrrminafion of Errors Relating to SeciJied Time under reference conditions ( see Table 1 );

a) All tests shall be applird

b) The manufacturer shall, if relevant, declare the previous energizing conditions of the relay, that is, he shall state if thermal equilibrium due to self-heating has to be reached before the beginning of the test; and c) When the relay includes one or more auxiliary energizing quantities, the manufacturer shall declare if the initial value is rated value or zero. 7.2.4 Effect of the InJIuencing Quantities on Spec;Jied Time - The variations due to a single influencing quantity departing from its reference conditions but within the nominal range of use shall be determined with ail the other influencing and correcting quantities at their reference conditions. 7.3 Accuracy Relating to the Operating Current

7.3.1 Assigned Error - For an electrical thermal relay, the assigned error between the measured operatin,; current value and the value of Ktimes basic current shall be chosen by the manufacturer preferably from the following class indices: 1.5, 2.5, 5, 7.5,
limited

10 and 20

N0TlC-However,
trp to 10.

for certain applications, acc~~racy class may have to be is given in Appendix C.

7.3.1.1

An example

7.3.2 Conditions for In addition to those apply:

the Detertnination of Errors Associated with the Current tt_e following conditions shall also given in 7.2.3, time of the

a) The srtting adjustment ( if any ) to the operating relay shall be at its reference value; and

b) The current shall bc increased in steps starting from the quiescent value of the basic current. The current shall be held constant during a time 1on.q enough to ensure that the relay has reached its stabilized condition at each step. The step values shall be chosen depending on the accuracy class index of the relay. 7.3.3 Efict of the InJue~cing Qt1antitie.con the Current - The variations due to a single influencing quantity departing from its reference conditions but within the nominal range of use shall be deteimined with all other influencing and correcting quantities at their reference conditions. 7.3.4 E&ct of Correcting Quantities on the Current 14 Under consideration.

IS : 3231 ( Part 2/Set 3 ) - 1987 8. RATED BURDEN


for

8.1 The value of the rated burden sha!l be stated by the manufacturer each energizing circuit under the foliowin: conditions: The relay is cold ( that is, xvittmut previous The influencing quantities conditions; and and factors self-heating their ); are under

reference

The circuit under consideration is enc-ISized ;lt the rated value ( for auxiliary Circuits ) or the reference sc,tlilig of the basic values of the currcbnt, all other circuits sl~all be unenergized unkss otherwise declarrd. 8.2 If the burden is affected by the position of the moving parts, the values cori.esponding to the opcrntcd and inilisl positions shall be stated together with the minimum and maximum values if they do not correspond to these two positions. 8.3 In addition may also state curve. to the above the burden ilt standard rcquiremcmts, the manufacturer other setting values of the characteristic

8.4 The burden shall be expressed in watts for dc circuits and in voltamperes together with the value of the power factor for ac circuits. 8.4.1 In addition, the manufacturer shall declare sufficient information concerning the burden of the input rnergixir:g circuits to enable appropriate voltage and current transforn1c.r burden requirements to be defined. 9. MECHANICAL

REQUIREMENTS
of 9 of IS : 3231 ( Part ~/SW 2 )-198i* shall apply.

9.1 The requirements lo. LIMITING

DYNAMIC

CURRENT

10.1 The relay shall withstand a single application of the limiting dynamic value of the input energizing quantity. The duration of the test should be a half-cycle of sinusoidal waveform at rated frequency. 11. CONSTRUCTION 11.1 The constructional
1387* shall apply. requirements of 10 of IS : 3231 ( Part P/Set 2 )-

*Specification for rlwtrical relays for power sys?em protection: Part 2 Requirements for principal families, Section 2 General requirements for measuring relays.

15

IS : 3231 ( Part S/Set 3 ) - 1987 12. CONTACT


apply. 13. MARKING

PERFORMANCE
specified in IS : 3231 ( Part l/Set 1 )-1986* shall

12.1 The requirements

AND DATA
)

13.1 The following data ( with indication of the units, where applicable shall be made available by the manufacturer:

a) b) Cl

Manufacturers Type Rated designation

name

or trade-mark; quantity(ies); range(s) for dc; of the auxiliary

or serial number;

value of the energizing

d)
e) f)

Values of the limits of the operative energizing quantity(ies) ( See 4.3 ); Frequency Contact Basic Value for ac or the symbol data; value; k and current thermal value; of constant short-time dynamic .x.

d
h)

current

accuracy

class index; class index;

j) k) ml n)

Characteristic Limiting Limiting Dielectric

curves and time accuracy withstand

value;

test voltage(s);

durability; P) Mechanical q) Mounting position; r ) Data to permit the suitable the polarity; s) t) Accessories ( if essential to be taken Data concerning the earthing by

connection

of the performance

relay, );

including

to the relay the user

of certain

metal parts; when and replacing parts or

u) Precautions

modules marked v) Impulse voltage

wih the symbol test data.

requirements,

13.2 The data (a) and (b) shall be marked on the relay in an indelible manner so that they are legible when the relay is mounted as in service. W_ *Specification for electrical relays for power system protection Part: I General
Section 1 Contact performance.

16

IS : 3231 ( Part P/Set 3 ) - 1987 The data (c), (e) and (g), if not inferred from (b). shall be marked on or in the relay without necessarily being Iegible when the relay is mounted as in service. may be used to indicate parts or moduleswhich The symbol A should not be replaced without reference to the manufacturers data [ see 13.1 (u) 1, 14. TESTS 14.1 All tests in this standard shall constitute routine tests: a) Measurement and b) Dielectric are type tests, error(s) out of which the following conditions 1. (7),

of assigned

under reference

tests [ 5 of IS : 3231 ( Part l/Set

2 )-1986*

14.2 Mechanical Tests - Thermal relays shall be tested for effects of durability and vibration in accordance with 14.1 and 14.2 of IS : 3231 ( Part P/Set 2 )-19877. 14.3 Insulation Tests -The 1986* shall apply. requirements of IS : 3231 ( Part 1 /See 2 )-

14.4 High-Frequency Disturbance Tests - This trst applies to static relays only. When such a test is applicable, it shall be carried out in accordance with IS : 323 1 ( Part 1 /Set 3 )- 1986$.

*Specification for electrical relays for power system protection: Part 1 General requirements, Section 2 Insulation tests. TSpecificafion for electrical relays for power system protection: Part 2 Requirements for principal families, Section 2 General requirements for measuring relays. ZSpecification for electrical relays for power system protection: Part 1 General requirements, Section 3 High frequency disturbance test for static relays.

17

IS : 3231 ( Part P/Set 3 ) - 1987

APPENDIX ( Clause 3.5 )


CHARACTERISTIC A-l.
Characteristic heating effect and should be specified

CURVES,

COLD CURVES

curves other than the general curve, based on the on the time constant ( see 3.5.1 ), are permitted and by the manufacturer. of the short

time,

For example, by neglecting any heat dissipation because the characteristic curve could be based on the equation

which is valid for currents higher than the current k. IB. This characteristic may be relevant for relays having partial memory function.

I \ \ \

z
I I
I

FIG. 2 EXAMPLE OF A COLD CURVE DERIVED BY NEGLECTING HEAT DISSIPATION

APPENDIX ( Clause 3.5.2 )


CHARACTERISTIC CURVES,

HOT CURVES
is obtained

B-l. The modification of the general cold curve ( see 3.5.1 ) by consideration of the temperatures of the thermal analogue.
18

IS : 3231 ( Part 2/Set 3 ) - 1987

FIG. 3 GENERAL

FORMOF HOT CURVE

1 =

7.

log,

where

ep =

Isteady-state current, I,,

temperature corresponding preceding the overload; corresponding -P-;* = to k. ZB (A%-) as:

to

the

load

8, = temperature since The above equation

can be written

I =.7.

z;
k . ZB )a

loge 1

B-2. The manufacturer may publish thermal equilibrium curves as in the example given below with the previous load ratio p as parameter: Pload current preceding basic current the overload (Za) (I,)

19

IS : 3231 ( Part P/&c 3 ) - 1987

FIG. 4

CURVES FOR VARIOUSVALUESOr p THERMALEQUILIBRIUM

APPENDIX

( Clauses 7.2.2.1 and 7.3.1.1 )


EXAMPLES C-l. C-l.1 GENERAL The class indices related to time and current can be different. RELATED TO TIME FOR DETERMINING THE ACCURACY

C-2. CLASS INDEX C-2.1 At I = n . 1~:

Assigned error = Class index = 5 percent C-2.2 At I E n . ZB: Assigned error = ( Class index ) . m = ( 5 percent ) . m 20 ( Example ) ( Example )

IS : 3231 ( Pal t P/Set 3 ) - i987 C-2.3


At I = , 1B: error = ( Class index ) mN, Assigned ) .m"' ( Example

= ( 5 percent
where n = multiples m = multiples

of the basic current, and of class index corresponding

to n.

il

,
It.1

n!I

Ii. I B

d.lg

FIG. 5 CLASS INDEX RELATED TO TIME c-3. CLASS INDEX RELATED TO CURRENT C-3.1 The assigned error is related to the value of 1~1~ At 1 + m, assigned error = class index = 2.5 percent ( Kuarrq)le )

I I L___+

I I

!
lB klg

FIG. 6 CLASS INDEX RELATED TO CURRENT

21

22

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