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VB027 / VB027(011Y) / VB027(012Y)

HIGH VOLTAGE IGNITION COIL DRIVER POWER I.C.

TYPE VB027 VB027(011Y) VB027(012Y)

Vcl(min) 300V

Icl(max) 9A

Id(on)max 130mA

PRIMARY COIL VOLTAGE INTERNALLY SET I COIL CURRENT LIMIT INTERNALLY SET I LOGIC LEVEL COMPATIBLE INPUT I DRIVING CURRENT QUASI PROPORTIONAL TO COLLECTOR CURRENT I DOUBLE FLAG-ON COIL CURRENT
I

PENTAWATT HV PENTAWATT HV (011Y)

PENTAWATT HV (012Y) DESCRIPTION The VB027, VB027(011Y), VB027(012Y) is a high voltage power integrated circuit made using the STMicroelectronics VIPower technology, with vertical current flow power darlington and logic level compatible driving circuit. Built-in protection circuit for coil current limiting and collector voltage clamping allows the device to be used as smart, high voltage, high current interface in advanced electronic ignition system. BLOCK DIAGRAM
Vd HVC

ORDER CODES: PENTAWATT HV VB027 PENTAWATT HV (011Y) VB027(011Y) PENTAWATT HV (012Y) VB027(012Y)

INPUT DRIVER

OVERTEMP. PROTECTION FLAG 1

QUASI PROP. BASE CURRENT

+ RSENSE

FLAG

FLAG 2

REFERENCE

GND

June 1999

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VB027 / VB027(011Y) / VB027(012Y)


ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATING
Symbol HVc IC Vd Id VIN Tj T stg Parameter Collector voltage Collector current Driving stage supply voltage Driving circuitry supply current Input voltage Junction operating temperature Storage temperature Value Internally limited Internally limited 7 200 10 -40 to 150 -55 to 150 Unit V A V mA V C C

THERMAL DATA
Symbol Rthj-case Rthj-amb Parameter Thermal resistance junction-case Thermal resistance junction-ambient (MAX) (MAX) Value 1.12 62.5 Unit C/W C/W

CONNECTION DIAGRAM (TOP VIEW)

5 4 3 2 1

DIAG INPUT HVC Vd GND

PIN FUNCTION (PENTAWATT HV)


No
1

Name GND Vd HVC INPUT DIAG

2 3 4 5

Function Emitter power ground Driving stage supply voltage Primary coil output signal Logic input channel Diagnostic output signal

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VB027 / VB027(011Y) / VB027(012Y)


ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (VCC=13.5V; Vd=5V; Tj=25C; Rcoil=510m; Lcoil=7mH unless otherwise
specified) Symbol Vcl Vcg(sat) Vcg(sat)td Id(off) Id(on) Vd Icl Icl(td) VINH VINL IINH VdiagH VdiagL IC(diag1) IC(diag1)td IC(diag2) IC(diag2)td td(off) tf(off) td(diag) tr(diag) tf(diag) Parameter High voltage clamp Power stage saturation voltage Power stage saturation voltage derating in temperature Power-off supply current Power-on supply current Driving stage supply voltage Collector current limit Collector current limit drift with temperature High level input voltage Low level input voltage High level input current High level diagnostic output voltage Low level diagnostic output voltage First threshold level collector current First threshold level collector current drift with temperature Second threshold level collector current Second threshold level collector current drift with temperature Turn-off delay time of output current Turn-off fall time of output current Delay time of diagnostic current Turn-on rise time of diagnostic current Turn-off fall time of diagnostic current Test Conditions -40CTj125 C; IC=6A IC=6A; VIN=4V IC=6A; VIN=4V; -40CTj125C VIN=0.4V VIN=4V; IC=6A; -40CTj125C 4.5 VIN=4V (See note 1) See figure 3 4 0 VIN=4V REXT=22K (See figure 1) REXT=22K (See figure 1) 4.25 See figure 4 5.45 See figure 5 IC=6A; (See note 2) IC=6A REXT=22K (See figure 1) REXT=22K (See figure 1) REXT=22K (See figure 1) 25 8 1 1 1 s s s s s 5.8 6.15 A 4.5 3.5 (*) 5.5 0.8 200 Vd 0.5 4.75 V V A V V A 8 8.5 Min 300 Typ 360 1.5 2 10 130 5.5 9 Max 400 Unit V V V mA mA V A

Note 1: the primary coil current value Icl must be measured 1ms after desaturation of the power stage. Note 2: time from input switching VNEG until collector voltage equal 200V. (*) Vd - Vbe(on)

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VB027 / VB027(011Y) / VB027(012Y)


PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION The VB027, VB027(011Y), VB027(012Y) is mainly intended as high voltage power switch device driven by a logic level input and interfaces directly to a high energy electronic ignition coil. The input VIN of the VB027, VB027(011Y), VB027(012Y) is fed from a low power signal generated by an external controller that determines both dwell time and ignition point. During VIN high (4V) the VB027, VB027(011Y), VB027(012Y) increases current in the coil to the desired, internally set current level. When the collector current exceeds 4.5A, the diagnostic signal is turned high and it remains so, until the load current reaches 5.8A (second threshold). At that value, the diagnostic signal is turned low, and the C forces the VIN to the low state. During the coil current switch-off, the primary voltage HVC is clamped by a series of Zener diodes at an internally set value Vcl, typically 360V. The collector current sensed through the Rsense, is limited thanks to the Current limiter block that, as soon as the Icl level is reached, forces the darlington (using the Driver block) to limit the current provided. The transition from saturation to desaturation, coil current limiting phase, must have the ability to accommodate an overvoltage. A maximum overshoot of 20V is allowed. There can be some short period of time in which the output pin (HVC) is pulled below ground by a negative current due to leakage inductances and stray capacitances of the ignition coil. This can cause parasitic glitches on the diagnostic output. VB027, VB027(011Y), VB027(012Y) has a built-in protection circuit that allows to lock the p-buried layer potential of the linear stage to the collector power, when the last one is pulled underground. FIGURE 1: Application circuit THERMAL BEHAVIOUR

VB027(011Y),

You can see in the block diagram of the VB027, VB027(012Y) a box called overtemperature protection. The purpose of this circuit is to shift the current level at which the first diagnostic is activated down of about 1A. This information can be managed by the micro that can take the corrective action in order to reduce the power dissipation. This block is not an effective protection but just an overtemperature detection. The shift down of the first flag level cannot be present for temperatures lower than 125C. As an example of its behavior you can suppose a very simple motor management system in which the micro does just a simple arithmetic calculation to decide when to switch-off the device after the first flag threshold. EXAMPLE: IC(DIAG1) info after x ms (IC(DIAG1)=2.5A) Iswitch-off info after kx ms. As soon as the temperature rises over the overtemp threshold, the first diagnostic is shifted down to about 1.5A and, in this example, the switch-off current will be kx*1.5 / 2.5. OVERVOLTAGE The VB027, VB027(011Y), VB027(012Y) can withstand the following transients of the battery line: -100V / 2ms (Ri=10)

+100V / 0.2ms (Ri=10) +50V / 400ms (Ri=4.2 , with VIN=3V)

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VB027 / VB027(011Y) / VB027(012Y)


FIGURE 2: Switching waveform

VIN 2nd Threshold 1 st Threshold Icl

DIAG

FIGURE 3: Maximum Icl VS temperature

FIGURE 4: IC(diag1) VS temperature

FIGURE 5: IC(diag2) VS temperature

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VB027 / VB027(011Y) / VB027(012Y)

PENTAWATT HV MECHANICAL DATA


DIM. A C D E F G1 G2 H1 H2 H3 L L1 L2 L3 L5 L6 L7 M M1 R V4 Diam 3.65 3.85 15.60 14.60 21.20 22.20 2.60 15.10 6 2.50 4.50 0.50 90 (typ) 0.144 0.152 10.05 mm. MIN. 4.30 1.17 2.40 0.35 0.60 4.91 7.49 9.30 TYP MAX. 4.80 1.37 2.80 0.55 0.80 5.21 7.80 9.70 10.40 10.40 17.30 15.22 21.85 22.82 3 15.80 6.60 3.10 5.60 6.14 0.575 0.835 0.874 0.102 0.594 0.236 0.098 0.177 0.02 0.396 MIN. 0.169 0.046 0.094 0.014 0.024 0.193 0.295 0.366 inch TYP. MAX. 0.189 0.054 0.11 0.022 0.031 0.205 0.307 0.382 0.409 0.409 0.681 0.599 0.860 0.898 0.118 0.622 0.260 0.122 0.220

P023H3

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VB027 / VB027(011Y) / VB027(012Y)

PENTAWATT HV 011Y (horizontal) MECHANICAL DATA


DIM. A C D E F G1 G2 H1 H2 H3 L1 L2 L3 L5 L6 L7 R V2 V4 DIA 3.65 3.85 3.90 15.10 4.80 2.60 15.10 6.00 0.5 30 (typ) 90 (typ) 0.144 0.152 10.05 mm. MIN. 4.30 1.17 2.40 0.35 0.60 4.91 7.49 9.30 TYP MAX. 4.80 1.37 2.80 0.55 0.80 5.21 7.80 9.70 10.40 10.40 4.50 16.10 5.40 3.00 15.80 6.60 0.154 0.594 0.189 0.102 0.594 0.236 0.396 MIN. 0.169 0.046 0.094 0.014 0.024 0.193 0.295 0.366 inch TYP. MAX. 0.189 0.054 0.11 0.022 0.031 0.205 0.307 0.382 0.409 0.409 0.177 0.634 0.213 0.118 0.622 0.26

P023H1

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PENTAWATT HV 012Y (in line) MECHANICAL DATA


DIM. A A1 b b1 c c1 D D1 e e1 E L L1 P S mm. MIN. 4.3 2.5 0.6 0.75 0.35 1.22 9 15.2 2.44 3.71 10 22.32 25.1 3.65 2.55 TYP MAX. 4.8 3.1 0.8 0.9 0.55 1.42 9.35 15.8 2.64 3.91 10.4 22.92 25.7 3.95 3.05 MIN. 0.169 0.098 0.024 0.03 0.014 0.048 0.354 0.598 0.096 0.146 0.394 0.879 0.988 0.144 0.1 inch TYP. MAX. 0.189 0.122 0.031 0.035 0.022 0.056 0.368 0.622 0.104 0.154 0.409 0.902 1.012 0.156 0.12

E P S

A c1

D1 D L L1

b1

e e1

b A1

P010P

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VB027 / VB027(011Y) / VB027(012Y)

Information furnished is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, STMicroelectronics assumes no responsibility for the consequences of use of such information nor for any infringement of patents or other rights of third parties which may results from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of STMicroelectronics. Specifications mentioned in this publication are subject to change without notice. This publication supersedes and replaces all information previously supplied. STMicroelectronics products are not authorized for use as critical components in life support devices or systems without express written approval of STMicroelectronics. The ST logo is a registered trademark of STMicroelectronics 1998 STMicroelectronics - Printed in ITALY- All Rights Reserved. STMicroelectronics GROUP OF COMPANIES Australia - Brazil - Canada - China - France - Germany - Italy - Japan - Korea - Malaysia - Malta - Mexico - Morocco The Netherlands- Singapore - Spain - Sweden - Switzerland - Taiwan - Thailand - United Kingdom - U.S.A.

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