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Tommy Morteboy Year 11 How the distance between two repelling magnets does affect the force of repulsion

Force between the repelling magnets

Number of Magnet Strength of magnet

Initial distance

Introduction: In this experiment I am going to find out the how two magnets repel, and see the power of repulsion with different weights on it. We may see the different variables form the spider diagram above. We are going to measure with a ruler the distance between two cups and different weights in it.

Aim: How does the distance between two magnets affect the force of repulsion between them?

Variable table:



Distance between 2 repelling magnets

Initial distance Initial weight Strength of magnet

Independent Independent Independent Independent

How will you change it and what range of values will you use? Add 10g of weight The initial distance will not be changed The initial weight will always be the same We will use the same magnet in all the experiments

Variable Distance from magnets

Type Dependent

How will you measure as accurate as possible With a ruler we will measure from the upper part of the cup

Amount of Magnet

Type Control

Same type of cups Same method of measurement

Control Control

Use the same weight


How will you keep it constant (state set values)? We will use 4 magnet at the bottom cup and 1 magnet at the top cup Use the same cups we used at the start Measure each result the same way from the top of the cup to the bottom the second cup Use the same weights of 10g

Prediction: My prediction is that once you have an initial distance from the magnets and the repulsion cant go any further the weights will get the magnets closer together, the repulsion will be the same but it just cant lift the weights on top. As you increase more weights the distance decreased between the two bars and the less weights you add the distance increases between the two cups.

Apparatus: 2 cups Magnets Ruler 10g weights


D=distance between cups Cup #1 Weight Ruler

Cup #2 10g

Magnet#2 D Magnet#2 Method 1. Set the apparatus like set above 2. Plot weights of 10g on the top cup and measure the distance

3. 4. 5. 6.

Repeat the experiment 3 times Add another weight of 10g Repeat the this 3 times once again Repeat this method until you reach 100g of masses


Mass of top cup= 23,6g

How does the dictance between two repelling 5.0 magnets affect the force of repulsion
4.5 4.0 3.5 3.0 2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.0 0 20

Average Distance

Series1 Expon. (Series1) y = 4.5758e-0.012x








The graph shows a weak/negative correlation with an equation of Were Y stands for average distance (measured in cm) and X stands for mass (measured in grams). It shows that as the mass increases the average distance between the cups decreases.

To be able to find the average you had to add up all the tries you did in the experiment and then divide them by 3. T1 + t1 + t3 / 3 = average 0.31 + 3.3 + 3.4 + 3.4 / 3 = 3.3 As you can see, we used the formula (t1 + t2 + t3 / 3) to find out the average I also calculated the weights by using this formula W= Mass (kg) x 9.81 n/kg, then I converted it into grams, W= grams x 9.81/1000

Conclusion: As the distance between two magnets increases the force of repulsion decreases because the magnets are further apart. It is no proportional as it does not go through (0, 0). Its a negative correlation with the equation Y stands for average distance and X stands for mass. It has a decreasing gradient.

Evaluation: Our experiment was successful but there could be some details that could have been improved in, our experiment we were measuring how far a magnets pushes another magnet with different weights on top of it; for example we could not measure the distance repelled accurately, this was a difficulty for us because the cups were a bit blurry, so this made it hard for us to measure. Another problem we had was that the cups repulsion, we saw that the cups was not strait, the cup laid sideways, this made it harder for us to measure the force of repulsion, because we had to find a fixed point to measure in. The last problem we had was how we saw the cup repelling; we looked at the cup at an angle, this made our results different. Next time I will do this experiment I will use a better ruler and use a transparent cup to be able to measure more accurately, then I will look at the ruler directly, therefore I will look at the measurement in a horizontal way. In the end its all up to how you measure the force of repulsion and how the cup laid still.

10 g

10 g

Bad experiment

Good experiment

Bad experiment: because the angle 10 g Is larger in which you look at it

Good experiment: because the angle Is smaller in which you look at it, so accurate results