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Code No: NR410404 NR

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007

( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics &
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Briefly explain historical development of Optical fiber communication..

(b) What are the applications of optical fiber communication? [8+8]

2. (a) Explain numerical aperture with reference to ray theory transmission? [8]
(b) A silica optical fiber with a core diameter large enough to be considered by
ray theory analysis has a core refractive index of 1.5 and a cladding refractive
index of 1.47. Determine
i. Critical angle at the core cladding interface
ii. Acceptance angle in air for the fiber. [4+4]

3. (a) Explain in detail the signal attenuation or transmission loss in the optical fiber
with necessary equations and prove that this loss is a function of wavelength
using graphical analysis. [5+3]
(b) The average optical power launched into a 10-km length of fiber is 100µw and
the average output power is 25 µw. Calculate
i. The signal attenuation in dB through the fiber. It is assumed that there
are no connectors or splices.
ii. Signal attenuation per km of the fiber
iii. Overall signal attenuation for the 11km optical link using the same fiber
with 3 splices each having an attenuation of 0.8dB
iv. Numerical value of the ratio between input & output power. [4+4]

4. (a) Write notes on broadening of pulse in the fiber dispersion.

(b) For a fiber material dispersion parameter is 58.8 ps/nm/km.The relative spec-
tral widthδλ /λ of the source is 0.0012 at the wavelength of 850nm.Calculate
the R.M.S. pulse broadening per km. [8+8]

5. (a) Define the quantum efficiency and the responsivity of a photo detector. Derive
an expression for the responsivity of an intrinsic photo detector in terms of the
quantum efficiency of the device and the wavelength of the incident radiation.
(b) Determine the wavelength at which the quantum efficiency and the responsiv-
ity are equal. [6]

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Code No: NR410404 NR
6. (a) What are the requirements of an optical receiver? Using a flow chart explain
the receiver design. [4+4]
(b) Derive an expression for receiver sensitivity. [8]

7. (a) Discuss about the Point to Point Fiber Optic Link and its characteristics with
an example? [5+3]
(b) Explain about the frequency chirping and its effects. [5+3]

8. (a) What are the principal requirements of a good connector design?

(b) Explain about tapered sleeve connectors?


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