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List of Medical and Nursing Abbreviations, Acronyms, Terms 1

Differentiating abbreviations from acronyms Abbreviations are shortened forms for written words or phrase used in a place of the whole (e.g., vol for volume). Acronyms are words formed from the initial letter of each of the successive parts or major parts of a compound term (e.g., CBC for complete blood count).

AAFP American Academy of Family Physicians AALPN American Association of Licensed Practical Nurses AAMI age-associated memory impairment AAP American Academy of Pediatricians AARP American Association of Retired Persons AB abortion Ab antibody ABCDE airway and cervical spine, breathing, circulation, disability, exposure ABG arterial blood gas ABP acute bacterial prostatitis AC Adriamycin and Cytoxan ACE all-cotton elastic ACE angiotensin-converting enzyme ACIP Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices ACLS Advanced Cardiac Life Support ACS American Cancer Society; Ambulatory Care Sensitive ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone AD advance directive ADA American Diabetes Association ADAMHA Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration ADC AIDS dementia complex ADDH attention decit disorder with hyperactivity ADH antidiuretic hormone ADHD attention decit hyperactivity disorder ADL activities of daily living AEA above-the-elbow amputation AEB as evidenced by AED automated external debrillator AFP alpha-fetoprotein Ag antigen AGA appropriate for gestational age AHA American Hospital Association AI adequate intake AICD automatic implantable cardioverterdebrillator AIDS acquired immunodeciency syndrome AJN American Journal of Nursing AKA above-the-knee amputation; also known as ALL acute lymphocytic leukemia ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis ALT alanineaspartate aminotransferase (formerly SGPOT) AMA American Medical Association; against medical advice AML acute myelogenous leukemia

ANA American Nurses Association ANP atrial natriuretic peptide ANS autonomic nervous system AP apical pulse; anteroposterior; anterior-posterior (repair); assault precautions (attack) APGAR A appearance (color); P pulse (heart rate); G grimace or reexes (irritability); A activity (muscle tone); R respiratory effort APIE assessment, plan, intervention, evaluation APTT activated partial thromboplastin time A-R apicalradial (pulse) ARC American Red Cross ARDD alcohol-related developmental disability ARDS adult acute respiratory distress syndrome ARND alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder AROM active range of motion; articial rupture of the membranes ARRP anatomic retropubic radical prostatectomy ART Accredited Record Technician AS sickle cell trait ASA acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) ASD atrial septal defect; autism spectrum disorders ASO antistreptolysin O titer AST aspartate aminotransferase ASU Ambulatory Surgery Unit ATF Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms ATLS Advanced Trauma Life Support ATN acute tubular necrosis ATP adenosine triphosphate AV atrioventricular AVPU Alert, Verbal, Pain response, Unresponsive AWOL absent without leave Ax axillary

BAL in Oil dimercaprol BBB bloodbrain barrier BBP blood-borne pathogens BCG bacille CalmetteGurin BCLS Basic Cardiac Life Support BCP birth control pill BE barium enema x-ray BEA below-the-elbow amputation BIDS bedtime insulin and daytime sulfonylureas BKA below-the-knee amputation BLL blood lead level BLS Basic Life Support BM bowel movement BMI body mass Index BMT bone marrow transplantation BOA born out of asepsis BOH Board of Health BP blood pressure BPAD bipolar affective disorder BPD bipolar disorder BPH benign prostatic hyperplasia

BPM beats per minute BPRS Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale BRAT bananas, rice, applesauce, toast BRM biologic response modiers BRP bathroom privileges BS bowel sounds BSC bedside commode BSE breast self-examination BUN blood urea nitrogen

Celsius; centigrade C & S (blood) culture and sensitivity C2, C3, etc. cervical section of the spinal cord Cacalcium Ca3[PO4]2 calcium phosphate CABG coronary artery bypass grafting CaCl2 calcium chloride CaCO3 calcium carbonate CAD coronary artery disease CAF Cytoxan, Adriamycin, uorouracil CAPD continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis CAT computerized adaptive testing CBC complete blood cell CBE charting by exception CBP chronic bacterial prostatitis cc cubic centimeter CC chief complaint CCP clinical care pathway CCU coronary care unit CCU/CICU coronary care unit/coronary intensive care unit CD chemical dependency CD4 helper T lymphocytes CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDU chemical dependency unit, clinical decision unit CEA carcinoembryonic antigen; cultured epithelial autografts CEH continuing education hour CEU continuing education unit CF cystic brosis CHAP Community Health Accreditation Program CHC community health center CHD coronary heart disease CHF congestive heart failure CHHA Certied Home Health Aide CHO carbohydrates CIC crisis intervention center CICU coronary intensive care unit CK creatine kinase Cl chloride CLL chronic lymphocytic leukemia CLTC Citizens for Long-Term Care CM case/care manager CMF Cytoxan, methotrexate, uorouracil

CMG cystometrogram CML chronic myelogenous leukemia CMMS Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services CMS color, motion, sensitivity (circulation, mobility, sensation) CMV cytomegalovirus CNM Certied Nurse Midwife CNO Community Nursing Organization CNS central nervous system CO cardiac output CO2 carbon dioxide COA children of alcoholics; coarctation of the aorta COAs children of alcoholics COLD chronic obstructive lung disease COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPs Conditions of Participation (Medicare requirements) COTA Certied Occupational Therapy Assistant CP cardiopulmonary; cerebral palsy CPAP continuous positive airway pressure CPD cephalopelvic disproportion CPK creatine phosphokinase CPM continuous passive motion CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation CPT chest physiotherapy CQI contiguous (or continuous) quality improvement CRH corticotropin-releasing hormone CRNA Certied Registered Nurse Anesthetist CRNH Certied Registered NurseHospice CRP C-reactive protein CRU Coronary Rehabilitation Unit Cryo cryoprecipitate CS complete stroke; cardiac sphincter CSF cerebral ospinal uid; colony-stimulating factors CSR, CSS Central Supply Room, Central Service Supply CT computed tomography CUC chronic ulcerative colitis CVA cerebrovascular accident CVP central venous pressure CVS chorionic villus sampling CXR chest x-ray

D & C dilatation and curettage D/2NS5% dextrose in half-normal saline (0.45% NS) D/C discontinue D5NS5% dextrose in normal saline (0.9% NS) D5W5% dextrose in sterile water DAPE data, assessment, plan, evaluation DARE data, action, response, education DAT diet as tolerated Db decibel DBP; dBP diastolic blood pressure DCH District Court hold DCT distal convoluted tubule

DDST Denver Developmental Screening Test DEA Drug Enforcement Agency DEP Department of Environmental Protection DERM dermatology DES diethylstilbestrol DIC disseminated intravascular coagulation DISCUS Dyskinesia Identication System-Condensed User Scale DJD degenerative joint disease DKA diabetic ketoacidosis dL deciliter DMAT Disaster Medical Assistance Team DMD Duchenne muscular dystrophy DME Durable Medical Equipment DMSA 2, 3-dimercaptosuccinic acid DNA deoxyribonucleic acid DNH do not hospitalize DNI do not intubate DNR do not resuscitate DOA Department of Agriculture DOH Department of Health DOL Department of Labor DRF drip rate factor DRG diagnosis-related group DRI dietary reference intake DSM-IV Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Revision IV DT diphtheria and tetanus toxoids DTAD drain tube attachment device DtaP diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis DTP diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis vaccine DVR Division of Vocational Rehabilitation DVT deep vein thrombosis

EAR estimated average requirement EC emergency contraception ECF extended care facility; extracellular uid ECG (EKG) electrocardiogram ECT electroconvulsive therapy ED emergency department; erectile dysfunction EDC estimated date of connement EDD estimated date of delivery EDTA edetate calcium disodium EEG electroencephalogram EGD esophagogastroduodenoscopy EHS Employee Health Service e-IPV enhanced potency inactivated poliovirus vaccine ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay EMB ethambutol EMG electromyogram EMS Emergency Medical Services EMT Emergency Medical Technician ENG electronystagmography EP escape (elopement) precautions

EPA Environmental Protection Agency EPO erythropoietin EPS electrophysiology study EPSE extrapyramidal side effects ERCP endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography ERG electroretinogram ERT estrogen replacement therapy ERV expiratory reserve volume ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate ESRD end-stage renal disease ESWL extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy ET enterostomal therapist ETOH ethanol (alcohol) ETOH W/D alcohol withdrawal

Fahrenheit FADL functional activities of daily living FAM fertility awareness method FAS fetal alcohol syndrome FBP fetal biophysical prole FBS fasting blood sugar (fasting blood glucose) FDA Food and Drug Administration Feiron FES functional electrical stimulation FFP fresh-frozen plasma FHC family health center FHR fetal heart rate FHT fetal heart tones FPG fasting plasma glucose FQHC Federally Qualied Healthcare FRC functional residual capacity FRV functional residue volume FSH follicle-stimulating hormone FTT failure to thrive 5-FU 5-uorouracil FVD uid volume decit FVE uid volume excess

G gauge GABHS group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus GCS Glasgow Coma Scale GDM gestational diabetes mellitus GERD gastroesophageal reux disease GERI geriatrics GFR glomerular ltration rate GH growth hormone GHIH growth hormoneinhibiting hormone GI gastrointestinal GI tract gastrointestinal tract

GnRH gonadotropin-releasing hormone G6PD glucose 6-phosphodehydrogenase GRH, GHRH growth hormonereleasing hormone GTT glucose tolerance test G-Tube gastrostomy (tube) GU genitourinary GYN gynecology

hydrogen ion H u Haemophilus inuenzae H2CO3 carbonic acid H2O, HOH water HAS Health Services Administration HAV hepatitis A virus HAZMAT hazardous materials Hb A1c glycosylated hemoglobin HBD hydroxybutyric dehydrogenase HBO hyperbaric oxygenation HBV hepatitis B virus HCA Health Care Assistant HCFA Health Care Financing Association (payor source) HCG human chorionic gonadotropin HCl hydrochloric acid HCO3 bicarbonate Hct hematocrit HCTZ hydrochlorothiazide HCV hepatitis C virus HD Hodgkins disease; Huntingtons disease HDL high-density lipoprotein HDV hepatitis D virus HEV hepatitis E virus HFCS high-fructose corn syrup Hgb; Hb hemoglobin HGF hematopoietic factor HGV hepatitis G virus HHA Home Health Aide HHRG Home Health Resource Group HHS Department of Health and Human Services HI homicidal ideation Hib Haemophilus inuenzae type B conjugate vaccine HICPAC Hospital Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee HIS Indian Health Service HIV human immunodeciency virus HIV-RNA viral load of HIV HMO health maintenance organization HNP herniated nucleus pulposus HOSA Health Occupations Students of America hPL human placental lactogen HPO4, H2PO4 phosphate HPV human papillomavirus HR heart rate HRT hormone replacement therapy

HS hour of sleep HSV-1 herpes simplex virus type 1 HSV-2 herpes simplex virus type 2 HTN hypertension HUS hemolytic uremic syndrome

IADL instrumental activities of daily living IBD inammatory bowel disease IBS irritable bowel syndrome IBW ideal body weight IC interstitial cystitis; inspiratory capacity ICD implantable cardioverterdebrillator ICF intermediate care facility ICN International Council of Nurses ICP intracranial pressure cICP increased intracranial pressure ICSH interstitial cell-stimulating hormone ICU intensive care unit ID identication IDDM insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus IDG interdisciplinary group IDT interdisciplinary team IFG impaired fasting glucose IFN interferon IG immune globulins Ig immunoglobulin IgE immunoglobulin E IgG gamma immunoglobulin (gamma globulin) IGH impaired glucose homeostasis IGT impaired glucose tolerance II intellectual impairment IICP increased intracranial pressure IL interleukin InFeD iron dextran INH isoniazid I & O intake and output IOL intraocular lens IOL implant intraocular lens implant IOP intraocular pressure IPPB intermittent positive-pressure breathing IQ intelligence quotient IR infrared (rays) IRV inspiratory reserve volume ITP idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura IUD intrauterine device IV intravenous IVC inferior vena cava IVD intervertebral disk disease IVF in vitro fertilization IVIG intravenous immune globulin IVP intravenous pyelogram IVPB intravenous piggyback

J tube jejunostomy tube JCAHO Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations JGA, JG apparatus juxtaglomerular apparatus JP Jackson Pratt (drains) JRA juvenile rheumatoid arthritis

K potassium Kkcal; C kilocalorie KCl potassium chloride KOH potassium hydroxide KUB kidneyuretersbladder x-ray

L1, L2, etc. level of lumbar area of the spinal cord LAD left anterior descending LASIK laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis LATCH L latch; A audible swallowing; T type of nipple; C comfort (breast/nipple); H hold (positioning) LBW low birthweight LCA left coronary artery LCX left circumex LDH lactic dehydrogenase LDL low-density lipoprotein LDRP labor/delivery/recovery/postpartum room LEEP loop electrosurgical excision procedure LEP laparoscopic extraperitoneal approach LES lower esophageal sphincter LFT liver function tests LGA large for gestational age LH luteinizing hormone LLQ left lower quadrant LMCA left main coronary artery LMP last menstrual period LNMP last normal menstrual period LOC level of consciousness LP lumbar puncture LPM, L/min liters per minute LPN/LVN Licensed Practical Nurse/Licensed Vocational Nurse LQR/LSR locked quiet room, locked seclusion room LS ratio lecithinsphingomyelin ratio LSD lysergic acid diethylamide LT leukotriene LTB laryngotracheobronchitis LTC long-term care LUQ left upper quadrant

MABP mean arterial blood pressure MAC Mycobacterium avium complex MAP mean arterial pressure MAR Medication Administration Record MAST military antishock trousers MCHB Maternal Child Health Bureau MD muscular dystrophy MDD major depressive disorder MDI metered-dose inhaler MDS Minimum Data Set mEq milliequivalents mEq/L milliequivalents per liter Mg; Mgmagnesium MG myasthenia gravis mg/dL milligrams per deciliter MgSO4 magnesium sulfate MH, MHU Mental Health Unit MI & D mentally ill and dangerous MI mental illness; myocardial infarction MI-CD mentally ill and chemically dependent MICU medical intensive care unit MIF melanocyte-inhibiting factor MIS Management Information Services/Systems mL milliliters MMI methimazole MMPI Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory MMR measles, mumps, and rubella MOM milk of magnesia MPD multiple personality disorder MRI magnetic resonance imaging MRSA methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus MS morphine sulfate; multiple sclerosis MSAFP; MS-AFP maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein test MSDS Material Safety Data Sheet MSH melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSW Medical Social Worker MUA medically underserved area MVA motor vehicle accident

Na sodium NACHC National Association of Community Health Centers NaCl sodium chloride NAHC National Association for Home Care NAHCC National Association of Health Care Centers NANDA North American Nursing Diagnosis Association NaOH sodium hydroxide NAPNES National Association of Practical Nurse Education and Services Na2SO4 sodium sulfate NCHS National Center for Health Statistics

NCI National Cancer Institute NCLEX National Council Licensure Examination NCLEX-PN National Council Licensure Examination for Practical Nurses NCLEX-RN National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses NCP nursing care plan NCSBN National Council of State Boards of Nursing NEC necrotizing enterocolitis NEURO neurology NF National Formulary NFLPN National Federation of Licensed Practical Nurses NG nasogastric NG tube nasogastric tube NHIC National Health Information Center NHL non-Hodgkins lymphoma NHO National Hospice Organization NHP nursing home placement NHPCO National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization NICU neonatal intensive care unit NIDDM noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus NIH National Institute of Health NINR National Institute of Nursing Research NIOSH National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health NLN National League for Nursing NMR nuclear magnetic resonance NMS neuroleptic malignant syndrome NOS not otherwise specied NP nurse practitioner NPO nothing by mouth (non per os) NPT nocturnal penile tumescence NRM non-rebreathing mask NS normal saline or 0.9% sodium chloride NSAID nonsteroidal anti-inammatory drug NSC National Safety Council NST nonstress test NTG nitroglycerine

O2 oxygen OA osteoarthritis OASIS Outcome and Assessment Information Set OB obstetrics OB/GYN obstetrician/gynecologist OBRA Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act OBS/OBD organic brain syndrome/organic brain disorder OBT over-bed table OCD obsessive-compulsive disorder OCT oxytocin challenge test OD overdose; right eye (oculus dexter) OFC occipital-frontal circumference OH hydroxyl ion OMH Ofce for Migrant Health ONS Oncology Nursing Society OOB out of bed

OP occiput posterior O & P ova (eggs) and parasites OPD outpatient department OPHS Ofce of Public Health and Science OPV (live) oral poliovirus vaccine OR operating room ORIF open reduction and internal xation ORS oral rehydration solution ORTHO orthopedics OS left eye (oculus sinister) O2 Sat percent oxygen saturation OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration OT occupational therapy OTC over-the-counter OTR Occupational Therapist, Registered OU both eyes (oculi unitas)

P phosphorus PA Physician Assistant PACE Pre-Admission and Classication Examination PaCO2 ; pCO2 carbon dioxide content of arterial blood PACU postanesthesia care unit PaO2 ; pO2 oxygen content of arterial blood Pap test Papanicolaou test (smear) PAR postanesthesia recovery (room) PBI protein-bound iodine PBSC peripheral blood stem cell PCA patient-controlled analgesia; personal care attendant PCM protein-calorie malnutrition PCN penicillin PCP Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia; primary care provider PCT proximal convoluted tubule PDA patent ductus arteriosus; posterior descending artery PDR Physicians Desk Reference PE polyethylene (tube) PEDS pediatrics PEG percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy PEP postexposure prophylaxis PERRLA C pupils equal, round, react to light, accommodation OK and coordinated PET position emission tomography PFT pulmonary function test pH potential of hydrogen; power of hydrogen (hydrogen ion concentration) PIA prolonged infantile apnea PIC peripheral indwelling catheter PICC peripherally inserted central catheter PICU pediatric intensive care unit PID pelvic inammatory disease PIE plan, intervention, evaluation PIH pregnancy-induced hypertension; prolactin-inhibiting hormone PKU phenylketonuria PM&R physical medicine and rehabilitation PMI point of maximal impulse

PMP previous menstrual period PMS premenstrual syndrome PNS peripheral nervous system PO by mouth (per os) POC plan of care POS point of service PPD puried protein derivative PPE personal protective equipment PPF plasma protein fraction PPG postprandial glucose PPIP Put Prevention Into Practice 2hPP 2-hour postprandial PPN peripheral parenteral nutrition PPO preferred provider organization PPROM prolonged premature rupture of membranes PPS prospective payment system PRH prolactin-releasing hormone PRK photorefractive keratotomy PRL prolactin PRM partial-rebreathing mask PRN as needed PROM passive range of motion; premature rupture of membranes PR/R per rectum/rectal PSA prostate-specic antigen PSDA Patient Self-Determination Act psi per square inch PSV pressure support ventilation PSYCH psychiatry PT prothrombin time; physical therapy PTA Physical Therapist Assistant PTCA percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty PTH parathyroid hormone, parathormone PTL preterm labor PTSD posttraumatic stress disorder PTT partial thromboplastin time PTU propylthiouracil PUBS percutaneous umbilical blood sampling PUS prostate ultrasound PVC premature ventricular contraction PZA pyrazinamide

QA quality assurance QI quality improvement

RA rheumatoid arthritis RAA system reninangiotensinaldosterone system RACE rescue, alarm, conne, extinguish RAI radioactive iodine RAIU radioactive iodine uptake

RAP resident assessment protocol RBC red blood cell RCA right coronary artery RDA recommended dietary allowance RDS respiratory distress syndrome REE resting energy expenditure REHAB rehabilitation unit REM rapid eye movement RF rheumatoid factor RGP rigid gas-permeable plastic RhoGAM Rh immune globulin RICE rest, ice, compression, elevation RIE recorded in error RIND reversible ischemic neurologic decit RK radial keratotomy RLQ right lower quadrant RMP rifampin RN registered nurse RNA ribonucleic acid ROI release of information ROM range of motion ROP retinopathy of prematurity; right occiput posterior RP retinitis pigmentosa RPh registered pharmacist RPT registered physical therapist RR recovery room RRA registered record administrator RSV respiratory syncytial virus RT respiratory therapy R/T related to RUG resource utilization group RUQ right upper quadrant RV residual volume

S1 rst heart sound S2 second heart sound S/A suicide attempt SA node sinoatrial node; sinus node SBE subacute bacterial endocarditis SBFT small bowel follow-through x-ray SBP; sBP systolic blood pressure SDSU same-day surgery unit S/G suicide gesture SGA small for gestational age SGOT serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase SI suicidal ideation SI units International system of units (or Systeme International dUnites) SIADH syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone SIB self-injurious behavior SICU surgical intensive care unit SIDS sudden infant death syndrome SIE stroke in evolution

SIMV synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation SIRES stabilize, identify toxin, reverse effect, eliminate toxin, support SL sublingual SLD specic learning disabilities SLE systemic lupus erythematosus S/M sadomasochism SMBG self-monitoring of blood glucose SNF skilled nursing facility SNS sympathetic nervous system SO signicant other SO4 sulfate SOAP subjective, objective, assessment, plan SOAPIER subjective, objective, assessment, plan, intervention, evaluation, response SOB short of breath SOBOE short of breath on exertion SP suprapubic (catheter) SP/GP suicide precautions/general precautions SPF sun protective factor SRO single room occupancy SROM spontaneous rupture of the membranes SSA Social Security Administration SSDI Social Security Disability Insurance SSE soap suds enema START Simple Triage and Rapid Treatment STAT at once, immediately STD sexually transmitted disease STH somatotropic hormone (somatotropin) STI sexually transmitted infection SV stroke volume SVC superior vena cava SVE sterile vaginal examination SVR systemic vascular resistance SX P sexual precautions SZ P seizure precautions

T1, T2, etc. level of injury in the thoracic area of the spinal cord T3 triiodothyronine T4 thyroxine T&A tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy TAC time, amount, character TB tuberculosis TBI traumatic brain injury TBW total body water TCDB turning, coughing, deep breathing TCN tetracycline TD tardive dyskinesia TED thromboembolic disease TEE transesophageal echocardiography TENS transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation TFT thyroid function test TGV transposition of the great vessels THA total hip arthroplasty

THC cannabis (marijuana and related drugs) T-hold transportation hold (police) TIA transient ischemic attack TICU trauma intensive care unit Title XVIII Medicare section of the Social Security Act Title XIX Medicaid section of the Social Security Act Title XXII source of COPs TKA total knee arthroplasty TLC total lung capacity TLSO thoracolumbar sacroorthosis Tm transport maximum TMJ temporal mandibular joint TMR transmyocardial revascularization TO telephone order TOF tetralogy of Fallot TORCH toxoplasmosis, other, rubella, cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex t-PA tissue plasminogen activator TPA total parenteral alimentation TPN total parenteral nutrition TPR temperature, pulse, and respiration TR therapeutic recreation TS Tourette syndrome TSE testicular self-examination TSH thyroid-stimulating hormone TSLO thoracic-lumbar-sacral orthosis TSS toxic shock syndrome TURBT transurethral resection of bladder tumor TURP transurethral resection of prostate TV tidal volume TWE tap water enema T&X type and crossmatch

U-100 100 units per milliliter UA urinalysis UAP unlicensed assistive personnel UL tolerance upper intake level UN United Nations UNICEF United Nations Childrens Fund UNOS United Network of Organ Sharing UPP urethral pressure prole UPT urine pregnancy test URI upper respiratory infection UROL urology US ultrasound USD U.S. Dispensatory USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture USDHHS U.S. Department of Health and Human Services USP U.S. Pharmacopoeia USPHS U.S. Public Health Service UTI urinary tract infection UTox urine toxicity screen (for drugs) UV ultraviolet (rays)

VC vital capacity VCUG voiding cystourethrogram VLBW very low birthweight VMA vanillylmandelic acid VNA Visiting Nurse Association VO verbal order Vol voluntarily admitted VRE vancomycin-resistant enterococci V & S; vol. and spec. volume and specic gravity (urine) VSD ventricular septal defect

WA while awake WBC white blood cell W/C wheelchair WHO World Health Organization WIC Women, Infants and Children WISC-R Wechsler Intelligence Scale for ChildrenRevised WNL within normal limits

List of Medical and Nursing Abbreviations, Acronyms, Terms 2

Medical abbreviations were made to quickly but accurately document. Heres a list of medical terminologies that you should know.

Abbreviations & Acronyms

aa ABR Abd. ac AD A&D Ad lib ADL Adm. Ad. Spec. A.M. or a.m., AM or am amb Of each, equal parts Absolute bed rest Abdomen Before meals Admitting diagnosis


Admission and discharge As desired, if the patient so desired Activities of daily living Admission Admission urine specimen Morning Ambulation, walking, ambulatory, able to walk



AP or A.P. aqua @ Approx. B&B or b&b bid or B.I.D. or b.i.d. b.m. or B.M. B.P. or BP BR or br or B.R. or b.r. BRP or B.R.P. or brp BSC or bsc C ? Ca Cath. CBC or C.B.C. cc or c.c CCU or C.C.U CBR or C.B.R. or cbr C/O or c/o CO2 CS or C.S. or c.s CSD or csd or C.S.D CSR or csr and C.S.R CVA or C.V.A CPR or C.P.R dc or d/c del. M. Or d.r., or DR Disch or dish or D/C D. % C. or D&C drsg. DOA or D.O.A Dr. or Dr DX ECG or EKG ED or E.D.

Appendectomy Water or H2O At Approximately Bowel and bladder training Twice a day Bowel movement, feces Blood pressure Bedrest Bathroom priviledges Bedside commode Celsius degree (or centigrade) With Cancer Catheter Complete blood count Cubic centimeter Cardiac care unit/ coronary care unit Complete bed rest Complaint of Carbon dioxide Central supply Central service department Central supply room Cerebrovascular accident or stroke Cardiopulmonary resuscitation Discontinue Delivery room Discharge Dilatation and curettage Dressing Dead on arrival Doctor Diagnosis Electrocardiogram Emergency department

EEG or E.E.G. EENT or E.E.N.T. E. or E ER or E.R. F F. or Fe. or F or Fe FBS or F.B.S FF or F.F. ft Fx Fx urine gal GI or G.I. gt gtt Gtt or G.T.T. GU or G.U Gyn. or G.Y.N. H2O HOB hr HS or hs ht hyper hypo H.W.B. or hwb or HWB ICU or I.C.U. I&O or I.&O. Irr Isol. Or isol IV or I.V. L Lab. or lab lb LVN or L.V.N M

Electroencephalogram Eye, ears, nose and throat Enema Emergency room Fahrenheit degree Female Fasting blood sugar Forced feeding or forced fluids Foot Fracture Fractional urine Gallon Gastrointestinal One drop Two or more drops Glucose tolerance test Genitourinary Gynecology Water or aqua Head of bed Hour Bedtime or hour of sleep Height Above or high Below or low Hot water bottle Intensive care unit Intake and output Irregular Isolation Intravenous Liter Laboratory Pound Licensed vocational nurse Male

Mat MD or M.D. Meas mec med min ml Mn or mn or M/n N.A. or N/A n/g tube or ng. tube or N.G.T. noct NP NPO or N.P.O nsy O2 OB or O.B. Obt or obt. OJ or O.J. Orb. OOB or O.O.B. OPD or O.P.D. OR or O.R. Ortho OT or O.T oz. PAR or P.A.R. Pc Ped or Peds Per p.m. or P.M., pm or PM PMC or P.M.C PN or P.N. po post or p postop or post op post op spec

Maternity Medical doctor Measure Meconium Medicine Minute Milliliter Midnight Nursing aide or nursing assistant Nasogastric tube At night Neuropsychiatric or nursing procedure Nothing by mouth Nursery Oxygen Obstetrics Obtained Orange juice Orderly Out of bed Outpatient department Operating room Orthopedics Occupational therapy or oral temperature Ounce Postanesthesia room After meals Pediatrics by, through Afternoon Postmortem care Pneumonia By mouth after Postoperative After surgery urine specimen

PP PPBS pre prn or p.r.n. preop or pre op pre op spec prep Pt or pt PT or P.T. q qd qh q2h q3h q4h QHS or qhs qid or Q.I.D. qam or q am or q.a.m. qod or Q.O.D qs qt r or R Rm or rm RN or R.N. Rom or R.O.M. RR or R Rm. Rx s or ? S&A S&A test or S.& A. test S&K or S.& K. test SOB sos SPD Spec or spec. ss or ??

Postpartum (after delivery) Postprandial blood sugar Before Whenever necessary, when required Before surgery Urine specimen before surgery Prepare the patient for surgery by shaving the skin. Patient; pint Physical therapy Every Every day Every hour Every 2 hours Every 3 hours Every 4 hours Every night at bed time/ hour of sleep Four times a day Every morning Every other day Quantity sufficient, as much as required quart rectal or Rectal Room Registered nurse Range of motion Recovery room Prescription or treatment ordered by a physician Without Sugar and acetone Sugar and acetone test Sugar and ketone test Shortness of breath Whenever emergency arises; only if necessary Special purchasing department Specimen One-half

SSE or S.S.E. Stat STD Surg tid or T.I.D. TLC or tlc TPR TWE U/a or U/A or u/a Ung. VDRL V.S or VS WBC or W.B.C. w/c wc or W.C. wt

Soapsuds enema At once, immediately Sexually transmitted disease Surgery Three times a day Tender loving care Temperature, pulse, respiration Tap water enema Urinalysis Ointment, unguentine Test for syphilis Vital signs White blood count Wheel chair Ward clerk Weight

List of Medical and Nursing Abbreviations, Acronyms, and Terms 3

To effectively communicate either through oral communication and documentation, we healthcare workers should have a sound knowledge about the different abbreviations and acronyms used. Here are some of the acronyms and abbreviations that you might see on charts or documents. List of Medical and Nursing Abbreviations & Acronyms
A/G AAL ABG AC ACE ACL ACLS ACTH ADH ADL albumin / globulin ratio anterior Axillary Line arterial blood gases before eating angiotensin converting enzyme Anterior Cruciate Ligament advanced cardiac life support adrenocorticotropic hormone antidiuretic hormone activities of daily living


Anterior Decomposition Spinal Fusion acid-fast bacilli alpha-fetoprotein appropriate for gestational age Acute Glomerulonephritis aortic insufficiency acquired immune deficiency syndrome Above Knee Amputation above knee amputation alcoholic liver disease acute lymphocytic leukemia alkaline phosphatase alanine transaminase, alanine aminotransferase Abdominoperineal Resection Acute Renal Failure Acute Surgical Abdomen acute tubular necrosis both ears atrioventricular as much as needed Bachelor of Science below knee Blunt Abdominal Trauma Bilateral Inguinal Hernia Below Knee Amputation bowel movement or breast milk biopsy with


complaining of calcium, cancer, carcinoma crystalline amino acids coronary artery bypass graft coronary artery disease continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis computerized axial tomography Cancer complete blood count common bile duct Common Bile Duct Exploration Common Bile Duct capillary blood gas continuous bladder irrigation capillary blood sugar chief complaint cholecystokinin continuous cyclic peritoneal dialysis clean catch urine or cardiac care unit critical closing volume cystic fibrosis congestive heart failure carbohydrate cardiac index Chronic Kidney Disease Continuous Lumbar Epidural Anesthesia Clinical Laboratory Technician chronic myelogenous leukemia


cranial nerves central nervous system cardiac output Chronic Otitis Media chronic obstructive pulmonary disease chest pain, cleft palate cephalo-pelvic disproportion creatinine phosphokinase cerebral perfusion pressure cardiopulmonary resuscitation creatinine clearance chronic renal failure capillary refill time cerebrospinal fluid computerized tomography cerebral vascular accident, costovertebral angle central venous pressure Distal Third 5% dextrose in water diet as tolerated (dc) discontinue disseminated intravascular coagulopathy Direct Inguinal Hernia diabetic ketoacidosis Direct Laryngoscopy diabetes mellitus deoxyribonucleic acid do not resuscitate


dead on arrival dyspnea on exertion diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus deep tendon reflexes deep venous thrombosis diagnosis essential amino acids estimated blood loss Epstein-Barr Virus Extra Capsular Cataract Extraction extracellular fluid, extended care facility electrocardiogram electroconvulsive therapy Extensor Digitorum Communis Epidural Hematoma End to end Anastomosis Emergency Exploratory Laparotomy eye, ear, nose and throat essential fatty acid deficiency Esophagogastroduodenoscopy electromyogram eyes, motor, verbal response (Glasgow coma scale) ears, nose, and throat extraocular muscles Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography erythrocyte sedimentation rate end stage renal disease endotracheal tube


endotracheal tube examination under anesthesia Foreign Body Extraction fasting blood sugar Flexor Carpi Ulnaris Food & Drug Administration Flexor Digitorum Profundus Flexor Digitorum Superficial Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery forced expiratory volume fresh frozen plasma Fistula in Ano Family Nurse Practitioner Full Thickness Skin Grafting gallbladder gonorrhea Glascow Coma Scale gastroesophageal reflux disease General Endotracheal Anesthesia glomerular filtration rate gastrointestinal Gunshot Wound glucose tolerance test genitourinary hemoglobin high blood pressure human chorionic gonadotropin bicarbonate


hematocrit hemodialysis high density lipoprotein head, eyes, ears, nose, throat Hemoperitoneum Incision & Drainage Iliac Bone Graft Intercostal Space Indirect Inguinal Hernia Intrajugular Intraoperative Cholangiogram