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SAP2000
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AISC LRFD-93 Example 001 - 1
AISC LRFD-93 Example 001

WIDE FLANGE MEMBER UNDER BENDING
EXAMPLE DESCRIPTION
The design flexural strengths are checked for the beam shown below. The beam
is loaded with an ultimate uniform load of 1.6 klf. The flexural moment capacity
is checked for three unsupported lengths in the weak direction, Lb = 4.375 ft,
11.667 ft and 35 ft.
GEOMETRY, PROPERTIES AND LOADING









TECHNICAL FEATURES TESTED
Section compactness check (bending)
Member bending capacity
Unsupported length factors

Member Properties
W18X40
E = 29000 ksi

Fy = 50 ksi
Loading
wu = 1.6 klf

Geometry
Span, L = 35 ft
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AISC LRFD-93 Example 001 - 2
RESULTS COMPARISON

Independent results are comparing with the results of Example 5.1 in the 2
nd

Edition, LRFD Manual of Steel Construction, pages 5-12 to 5-15.
Output Parameter

SAP2000 Independent
Percent
Difference
Compactness Compact Compact 0.00%
Cb (
b
L =4.375ft)
1.008 1.002 0.60%
|
b n
M (
b
L =4.375 ft) (k-ft)
294.000 294.000 0.00%
Cb (
b
L =11.67 ft)
1.010 1.014 -0.39%
|
b n
M (
b
L = 11.67ft) (k-ft)
211.975

212.703 -0.34%
Cb (
b
L = 35ft)
1.136 1.136 0.00%
|
b n
M (
b
L = 35ft) (k-ft)
50.599 50.599 0.00%
COMPUTER FILE: AISC LRFD-93 EX001
CONCLUSION
The results show an acceptable comparison with the independent results.
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AISC LRFD-93 Example 001 - 3
HAND CALCULATION

Properties:
Material: ASTM A572 Grade 50 Steel
E = 29,000 ksi, Fy = 50 ksi
Fr = 10 ksi (for rolled shapes)
50 10 40ksi = = =
L y r
F F F
Section: W18x40
bf = 6.02 in, tf = 0.525 in, d = 17.9 in, tw = 0.315 in
2 17.9 2 0.525 16.85 in = = - =
c f
h d t
A = 11.8 in
2

S33 = 68.3799 in
3
, Z33 = 78.4 in
3

Iy = 19.1 in
4
, ry = 1.2723 in
Cw = 1441.528 in
6
, J = 0.81 in
4

Other:
L = 35 ft
|b = 0.9
Loadings:
wu = 1.6 k/ft
2
8
u
u
w L
M = = 1.635
2
/8 = 245.0 k-ft
Section Compactness:
Localized Buckling for Flange:
6.02
5.733
2 2 0.525
f
f
b
t
= = =
-

65 65
9.192
50
p
y
F
= = =
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AISC LRFD-93 Example 001 - 4
p
< , No localized flange buckling
Flange is Compact.

Localized Buckling for Web:
16.85
53.492
0.315
c
w
h
t
= = =
640 640
90.510
50
p
y
F
= = =
p
< , No localized web buckling
Web is Compact.
Section is Compact.

Section Bending Capacity
33
50 78.4 3920k-in = = - =
p y
M F Z

Lateral-Torsional Buckling Parameters:
Critical Lengths:
1
33
29000 11153.85 0.81 11.8
1806ksi
2 68.3799 2
t t - - -
= = =
EGJA
X
S

2 2
4 33
2
22
1441.528 68.3799
4 4 0.0173in
19.1 11153.85 0.81
| | | |
= = =
| |
-
\ . \ .
w
C S
X
I GJ

22
300 300 1.2723
53.979in 4.498ft
50
-
= = = =
p
y
r
L
F

2 1
22 2
1 1
r L
L
X
L r X F
F
= + +
2
1.27 1810
1 1 0.0172 40 144.8in 12.069ft
40
-
= + + - = =
r
L
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AISC LRFD-93 Example 001 - 5

Non-Uniform Moment Magnification Factor:
For the lateral-torsional buckling limit state, the non-uniform moment magnification
factor is calculated using the following equation:
0 . 3
3 4 3 5 . 2
5 . 12
max
max
s
+ + +
=
m
C B A
b
R
M M M M
M
C Eqn. 1
where MA = first quarter-span moment, MB = mid-span moment, MC = second quarter-
span moment.
The required moments for Eqn. 1 can be calculated as a percentage of the maximum
mid-span moment. Since the loading is uniform and the resulting moment is symmetric:
2
1
1
4
b
A C
L
M M
L
| |
= =
|
\ .


Member Bending Capacity for Lb = 4.375 ft:
max
1.00
B
M M = =
2 2
1 1 4.375
1 1 0.996
4 4 35
b
A C
L
M M
L
| | | |
= = = =
| |
\ . \ .

( )
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
12.5 1.00
2.5 1.00 3 0.996 4 1.00 3 0.996
b
C =
+ + +

1.002
b
C =
p b
L L < , Lateral-Torsional buckling capacity is as follows:
33 33
50 78.4 3920 1.5 1.5 68.3799 50 5128.493k-in = = = - = < = - - =
n p y y
M M F Z S F
0.9 3920/12 | = -
b n
M
294.0 k-ft | =
b n
M

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AISC LRFD-93 Example 001 - 6
Member Bending Capacity for Lb = 11.667 ft:
max
1.00
B
M M = =
2 2
1 1 11.667
1 1 0.972
4 4 35
b
A C
L
M M
L
| | | |
= = = =
| |
\ . \ .

( )
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
12.5 1.00
2.5 1.00 3 0.972 4 1.00 3 0.972
b
C =
+ + +

1.014
b
C =
r b p
L L L < < , Lateral-Torsional buckling capacity is as follows:
( )
33
b p
n b p p L p
r p
L L
M C M M F S M
L L
(
| |
= s ( |
|

(
\ .


( )
11.667 4.486
1.01 3920 3920 40 68.4 2836.042k-in
12.06 4.486
( | |
= - =
| (

\ .
n
M
0.9 2836.042/12 | = -
b n
M
212.7031 k-ft | =
b n
M

Member Bending Capacity for Lb = 35 ft:
max
1.00
B
M M = =
2 2
1 1 35
1 1 0.750
4 4 35
b
A C
L
M M
L
| | | |
= = = =
| |
\ . \ .
.
( )
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( )
12.5 1.00
1.00
2.5 1.00 3 0.750 4 1.00 3 0.750
b
C =
+ + +

1.136
b
C =
r b
L L > , Lateral-Torsional buckling capacity is as follows:
p cr n
M S F M s =
33

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AISC LRFD-93 Example 001 - 7
2
22 22
| | t t
= +
|
\ .
b
cr W
b b
C E
M EI GJ I C
L L

2
1.136 29000
29000 19.1 11153.85 0.81 19.1 1441.528
35 12 35 12
-t t- | |
= - - - + -
|
- -
\ .
cr
M
674.655k-in = =
n cr
M M
0.9 674.655/12 | = -
b n
M
50.599k-ft | =
b n
M