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Pranayama

Bhastrika pranayama

BHASTRIKA PRANAYAMA

IntroductionBreathing activity (inhaling and exhaling) has to do fast in this pranayama. Bhastrik is called dhamani in Sanskrit language. It has been called bhastrika in yoga because the speed of breathing activity (inhaling and exhaling) of the person is like dhamani of louhar in this pranayama. This pranayama makes the mind and vitality stable and it is helpful in the awakening of kundilini power too. Yogis changed their fickle semen into steam again by the practice of this pranayama. The practice of this pranayama is done by the two techniques. First techniqueFirst, sit in padma asana or sukha asana for practice of this pranayama. Now put your left hand palm near the navel upwardly. After that, touch thumb of right hand near the right nostril and middle and index finger near the left nostril. Now close the right nostril and exhale with the sharp sound from the left nostril and take breath again with speed. Fluff and shrink the stomach in this activity. After that, close the left nostril and exhale with the sound from the right nostril and take breath with speed. Now close the right nostril and exhale with the sound from the left nostril. After doing this activity 15-20 times, take breath through both the nostrils and close the left nostril and exhale from the right nostril slowly. Now close the left nostril and take breath with speed through the right nostril and exhale. After doing this activity 10-15 times, take breath like (exhaling and inhaling) before. After that, close the right nostril and exhale from the left nostril slowly.

After that, inhale and exhale from both the nostrils with speed. Thus, do this activity 10-15 times. After that, stop breath inside according to your capacity and exhale from both the nostrils slowly. Do the practice of these three 10-15 times and try to increase its number till 50 times slowly. Deep breath is taken with speed in this activity. Keep one thing in the brain that exhale with voice and inhale without sound. Stomach should be fluffed and shrunk while exhaling and inhaling. Thus, do the practice of this activity 3-5 times. Second techniqueSit in padma asana for the practice and put both the hands on the knees. Now take breath with speed through both the nostrils and exhale. After that, take deep breath and stop according to your capacity and apply jalandhara bandha. Stay in this position for sometime. After that, exhale. This activity should be done 3-5 times. Concentrate on OM by closing the eyes in this activity and do the practice of meditation by having good thoughts in the mind. Special noteKeep the stomach inside (stretched) while taking breath. The person should eat sufficient butter, ghee and milk during the practice of this pranayama. Close your eyes during the practice of this pranayama and adoration of OM should be done in the series of inhaling and exhaling and contemplate and concentrate. This activity should be done three times in winter season and one time in summer season. PrecautionThe person should reduce the time of pranayama practice in summer season. If a person feels problems in breathing during practice, he should clean the nostrils by jalneti with the water first. If the person feels darkness before the eyes and suffers from excessive sweating, giddiness or mystification, he should stop the practice. The person, who suffers from high blood pressure and heart problems, should not do the practice of this pranayama. If both the nostrils of a person do not open, he should inhale and exhale from both the nostrils by turns and in the last take breath through both the nostrils and exhale. Do the practice of this pranayama for 3-5 minutes. BenefitsThis pranayama awakens kundilini power. It makes the digestive system and nervous system strong. Indigestion, constipation, gas disorders, cold, catarrh, allergy, breathing problems, asthma, chronic catarrh, sinus, lungs disorders, thyroid and tonsil are cured by the practice of this pranayama. This pranayama makes the mind, heart and lungs strong by purifying. It cures the tridosa (vatta, pitta and kapha) disorders and normalizes them. This pranayama purifies the blood and brings out all the poisonous elements from the body. It is very useful for both the male and female. All the diseases of reproductive organs, diabetes and diseases of the nostrils and chest are cured by the practice of this pranayama. This pranayama reduces obesity. It is also useful in making the pancreas glands active properly.

Kapalbhati
TechniqueActually, kapalbhati is the part of prayanama but some yogis consider this activity as the part of shatakaram. The practice of this prayanama develops dharana power and awakens kundilini power. The practice of this prayanama makes the mind happy and calm and there is an augmentation in religious knowledge. There is not a big difference between kapalbhati and bhastrika prayanama. Only some difference are found between the both prayanamas as breathing activity (inhaling and exhaling) is kept fast in kapalbhati prayanama, which helps in bringing out the gas from the stomach with speed and stomach comes out in it normal condition slowly. The practice of this prayanama clears the frontal part of the brain and makes the breathing activity normal. The activity of breathing (exhaling and inhaling) is done with speed. Technique of kapalbhatiDo the practice of this prayanama at clean and airy place. For the practice, sit in padma asana and control to the breath. Now take breath and fill into the lungs. When the air fills in the lungs completely, leave the breath (exhale) from both the nostrils from the speed with the sound. The sound should come from the nostrils while exhaling. Breath should not be taken while exhaling. Thereafter, take breath and exhale speedily with the sound. Thus, do this activity 10-15 times. Benefits of this activity depend on the breathing speed. In the beginning, take and exhale breath once in one second and thereafter increase it slowly and take and exhale breath 2-3 times in a second. Thus, do the practice of this activity about 100-200 times in one minute. Exhaling time should be half than the inhaling time. Special noteKeep the mind free from tension and depression during the practice and do the practice with good thoughts. Practice of this prayanama should be done for 3-5 minutes in the beginning. If you feel tiredness during the practice, you should take rest for sometime. If you suffer from catarrh and phlegm which discharges from the nasal pipe repeatedly, do the practice of kapalbhati before the practice of kapalbhati prayanama. The nose will become cleaned by this activity. Sutraneti or dhouti activities are also done for cleaning the nose for the practice but take advice from yoga guru. PrecautionThe person, who is the victim of jaundice, liver problems and heart problems, should not do the practice of this prayanama. There is a pressure and jolt on the heart by the practice of this activity, which is very harmful for the person. The person, who is bile natured, should do the practice of this prayanama for two minutes. You can feel pain in the waist during the practice of this activity but it will disappear slowly.

Benefits from this activityThis prayanama provides spiritual benefit and increases dharna power in the mind. Headache, breathing problems and mental depression disappear by this prayanama. It makes the mind calm, happy and stable and ends the bad thoughts from the mind by which diseases as depression disappear. This activity brings the phlegm out. The practice of this prayanama purifies the cells and makes the lungs strong after curing diseases. It makes the mind and spinal cord clean. It increases luster, glow and beauty of the face. It increases digestive power by clearing the stomach, which ends intestines weakness. All the diseases are cured by the practice of this prayanama. It reduces the fat of the stomach and ends obesity (fatness). Anorexia, bile disorder, chronic phlegm, blood disorders, rheumatism, poisonous disorders, skin diseases, asthma, breathing problems, allergy, diabetes, gastric disorders, constipation, acidity, kidney diseases, prostate diseases, headache, insomnia, excessive sleep, bald head, internal boil of the nose, fat, catarrh, cold, eye diseases, deafness, epilepsy and many diseases are cured by the practice of this prayanama. The practice of this prayanama in the winter season produced warmth in the body. This prayanama also ends the retention of the veins and kills the worms. According to yoga granthas, the practice of Kapalbhati prayanama can be done with other four techniques as bahari (external) prayanama, vaatkrama kirya, vyutkrama kirya and sheemkrama kirya. Bahari (External) prayanamaSit in padma asana or sidhda asana on the floor in this activity. Now leave the breath (exhale) with full strength. After that, bend the body forwards and touch the chin to the throat and bring the shoulders forward by pressing on the upper side. Now come in the position of moolbandh and then uddiyan bandh. Stay in this position according to your capacity by stopping the breath. When you are not able in stopping the breath, leave these three bandhas and raise the head up slowly. Take breath and exhale soon and stop the breath outward come in the position of three bandhas again. Do this activity three times and increase its time slowly unto 21 times. BenefitsThe practice of this prayanama ends frivolity of the mind and makes the digestive system strong. All the diseases of the mind disappear by this prayanama. It makes the intellectuality sharp. It raises the sperm count up and ends the nightfall, early ejaculation and sperm disorders. The practice of this prayanama massages to all the body parts. Sometimes, a person feels pain in weak part of the stomach during the practice of this prayanama in the beginning. The person should take rest at the time of pain and he should do the practice carefully for the treatment of diseases. Vatkrama technique-

This activity should be done by sitting in the position of sukha asana. Keep the body straight after sitting in sukha asana and close the eyes. Put right thumb on the right nostril and remaining fingers on the left nostrils. After that, close the right nostril while making the body light and take breath through the left nostril and close the right nostril and exhale from the right nostril by closing the left nostril. After that, take breath through the right nostril and exhale from the left nostril by closing the right nostril. This activity should be done for 3-5 minutes. Breathing activity (exhaling and inhaling) should be kept normal here. All the disorders and diseases related to phlegm are cured by the practice of this prayanama. Vyutkrama techniqueIn this activity, sit on the floor in above asana and keep the body straight. Fill water in any pot and put it near you. Now fill water in anjuli and bend the head downward and inhale water into the nostrils. This water will come in the mouth through the way of nose. Exclude this water but keep one thing in the brain that this activity should be done carefully because water can reach into the brain because of carelessness which may be harmful. This activity brings out the phlegm out from the nose and it cleans the nasal cavity. Sheemkrama techniqueDo not change the sitting position in this activity and suck water with sound by the mouth. After that, exclude the water from the nose with the sound and sneezing. This practice increases the resistance capacity of the body and cures all the diseases related to phlegm. PrecautionThese four techniques are very difficult activities. Therefore, do the practice of this activity carefully and in the supervision of any yoga guru. Oxygen should present in sufficient quantity in the lungs to face the problems, which occur suddenly while doing the practice of kapalabhati prayanama by wet technique so that water may be bring out easily if water reaches into the air pipe while inhaling water. Special noteDry and wet techniques of the kapalbhati purify the cavities of the brain. The resistance capacity of the body against the diseases is increased by this prayanama. This prayanama cleans the nervous and purifies the body. Skip to main content area

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Ujjayi pranayama

UJJAYI PRANAYAMA
IntroductionUjjayi word means vijayi or winner. A person wins air (breath) by the practice of this pranayama. This pranayama helps in the awakening of kundilini power. The practice of this pranayama has been considered beneficial for both male and female. Do the pranayama practice at neat, clean and airy place. The practice of this pranayama can be done by three ways as in sitting, lying and standing position. Three techniques of the practice of this pranayama-

Technique of sitting positionSit in padma asana or sukha asana for the practice of this pranayama. Close your mouth and take breath through both the nostrils. The air should be taken until the air fills the lungs completely. After that, stop your breath for sometime and close to the right nostril and exhale from the left nostril slowly. Fluff your chest while inhaling and keep one thing in the brain that the sound of snorts should come out while inhaling and exhaling. Thus, do the practice of this activity five times in the beginning and increase its number till 20 times slowly. According to some yoga shastras, the practice of pranayama should be done with bandhas. Here is a technique of Ujjayi Pranayama with bandhaFirst, sit in padma or sukha asana and take deep breath. After filling air, stop your breath and apply jalandhara bandha and close your eyes and exhale. Do the practice of moolbandha by stopping the breath for 1-2 seconds. Shrink your anus for moolbandha. Stay in this position as much as it is possible and exhale from the left nostril while opening the moolbandh. After exhaling completely, dont take breath for some seconds and then take breath. Keep one thing in the brain that do this activity by closing the eyes for five times in the beginning but increase its time slowly.

Technique of standing positionFirst, stand straight for the practice of this pranayama. Now join both the heels together and keep the tiptoes stretched. Keep your eyes on normal height on the front side. Keep both the hands in both the armpits normally and keep the body straight. After that, make the tongue shape like a pipe and bring out between the lips a little and exhale internal air from this pipe shaped tongue. When the complete air of inside comes out from the body, close mouth and take deep breath through both the nostrils slowly. Keep one thing in the brain do not give much pressure while taking breath. After taking breath, stop breath inside as much as you can stop. After that, leave your body loose and exhale slowly. Thus, take rest for 7-8 seconds after doing it one time. Do this activity three times at first day and increase the number of practice slowly. The practice of this pranayama should be done once a day.

Technique of lying positionSpread a mat or bed sheet on the floor and lie down straight for the practice of this pranayama. Keep your body straight and the hands on the floor in both the sides. Keep both the feet joined together. Leave your whole body loose and keep the eyes up. Now take deep breath slowly. After that, make the body tight and stop your breath according to your capacity. Thereafter, leave your body loose and exhale (do the rechan). Thus, take rest for 2-3 seconds by completing one chakra and repeat this activity again.

BenefitsThis pranayama is very useful for spiritualism and meditation. It increases vitality power in the body and keeps the mind calm and happy. It increases the will power and makes the body beautiful, healthy and shiny. The practice of this pranayama reduces the body warmth and increases digestion power and appetite. It prevents phlegmatic disorders and it is also very useful in case of asthma. It normalizes vatta, pitta and kapha. The practice of this pranayama without kumbhak ends insomnia. It makes the external and internal nervous system strong and active. This pranayama makes all the muscles of the body strong and powerful. It affects thyroid and parathyroid glands specially. Diseases of the lungs and heart are cured by this pranayama. It makes the heart pulsation normal. The blood becomes pure after entering the pure air. Constipation, indigestion, gas disorders, cough, fever, spleen, scrofula, goiter, tonsil, irritation etc. diseases are cured by the practice of this pranayama. The person, who has been suffering from high blood pressure, should do the practice of this pranayama. It is also useful in the treatment of impotency and nightfall. Woman diseasesThis pranayama is very useful in women problems. White leucorrhoea, dysmenorrhea, uterus diseases, menses problems are cured by the practice of this pranayama. Special noteThink in your mind that the polluted air is coming out from the body at the time of exhaling breath and at the time of taking breath, think that the fresh air is entering into the body. The practice of bandha with pranayama awakens the vitality power which is situated in the navel. PrecautionIn all the three activities purak, kumbhak and rechak activities, if a person does purak activity in one second, activity of kumbhak should be done in 4 seconds and rechak in 2 seconds. In this activity, the purak should be done by inhaling through both the nostrils and rechak should be done in double time than the time of purak. Keep one thing in the brain that the practice of this pranayama should not be done by shrinking the nose or by deforming the shape of the mouth. In this activity, the person suffers from headache or giddiness during the practice of kumbhak and the reason behind it is the lack of clean air and taking such foodstuffs which increases constipation. After ending these causes, do the practice and if you feel giddiness in the head during the practice, number of breathing activity (inhaling or exhaling) should be reduced. If a person feels problems in the standing position or the body is weak or he feels giddiness in the head, he should do the practice of this pranayama in lying position.

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Bhramari pranayama

BHRAMARI PRANAYAMA
IntroductionThe breath is taken with the sound like light whizzing during the practice of this pranayama and the breath is puffed out with light buzzing sound like the sound of beetle. This activity makes the mind calm and happy. Its practice produces the feeling of worship. Regular practice of this pranayama increases meditation and stability in a person so much that sometimes the sound of Omkar is heard in the practice. The practice of this pranayama can be done with two techniques-

First techniqueDo the practice of this pranayama at a neat, clean and airy place. First, spread a mat on the floor and sit on the mat in padma asana. For padma asana, put the left leg on the right thigh and right leg on the left thigh by bending from the knees. Now keep the body straight and back, waist and chest tight. After that, bring both the hands near the navel and make anjul thereafter put the right hand on the left hand with palms faced upwards. Keep the mouth and eyes close. Take breath and fluff the stomach while producing sound like beetle from the throat. After that, bend the head forward and touch the chin with the throat and bring the shoulders lightly up by tightening. Stop breath in this position according to your capacity and make the head straight and open the eyes and then exhale with the beetle sound. Thus, do the practice of this activity according to your capacity or do it 10-15 times. PrecautionThe practice of breathing activity (inhaling and exhaling) makes the blood circulation fast in the practice of this pranayama. Therefore, the person, who suffers from high blood pressure and heart problems, should not do the practice of this pranayama. The practice of this pranayama makes the mind calm, neat and soft. Sweetness comes in the voice. This activity affects the mind so much that sometimes the sound of Om starts to produce

in its meditation. Fresh air enters into the body because of this activity by which blood disorders disappears. It ends mental depression and anxiety of the mind. Thus, the mind remains in control and becomes happy.

Second techniqueChoose neat, clean and airy place for the practice and sit in the padma asana. Keep the body, back, chest and waist straight. Keep both the eyes close and close both the ears by both the hands. After that, take breath through both the nostrils and fluff the stomach. Now stop your breath and bend the head and touch chin with the throat. Stay in this position for five seconds and bring the head in normal position and have a difference between upper jaw and lower jaw and keep the mouth close and exhale from both the nostrils slowly with the long sound of beetle. Do the practice of the activity five times and increase its time till 10-15 times slowly. BenefitsThis pranayama makes the mind calm and ends the frivolity of the mind. This pranayama generates good thoughts in the mind and the mind remains happy. The mind takes interest in the feelings of worship by the practice of this pranayama. Its regular practice affects the minds thoughts so much that the sound of Om starts to produce. The practice of pranayama ends

throat diseases and insanity and makes the blood pressure normal. It practice is also very useful for singers.

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Sheetli Pranayama

SHEETLI PRANAYAMA
IntroductionThis pranayama increases coldness in the body, so it is called sheetla pranayama. Do the practice of this pranayama in calm and clean environment. The mind and brain remain calm by its practice and it is helpful in awakening of kundilini power. This pranayama increases vitality

power and controls appetite and thirst by which a person (who does the practice) gets strength to merge in meditation, Samadhi and other sadhans for long a time.

Technique of sheetli pranayamaFirst, sit in padma asana or sukha asana for the practice of this pranayama and keep the back, head, neck and waist straight. Now put your both the hands on the knees and make gyana mudra by the fingers (to make gyana mudra keep the middle, small, ring finger opened and thumb and index finger joined from the top parts). After that, bring the tongue from the mouth after opening and make the tongue shape like a pipe and bring out from the mouth and close the mouth. Now take breath from the tongue pipe slowly haltingly. Fluff the stomach while taking breath. When the air fills in the stomach completely, stop your breath and apply jalandhara bandha and mool bandh. Keep the eyes closed and remain in this position till that moment you are able in stopping breath. Open jalandhara and mool bandha before exhaling and exhale by coming in the normal position. Do the practice of this pranayama 3-5 times in the beginning and increase its number of practice till 5-10 times. Precaution-

The person, who is kapha natured, should not do the practice of this pranayama. This pranayama generates coldness in the body, so it should be done in less quantity in winter season or stop its practice in winter season. BenefitsThere is a sensation of cold in the body even in summer season by the practice of this pranayama. It helps in reducing body warmth and the mind feels calmness. It is helpful in the awakening of kundilini power. The practice of this pranayama supplies excessive pure air in the blood by which the blood becomes purified. It increases physical beauty and shine on the face. It is also useful in increasing body strength and ends the neural disorders and mental depression too. This pranayama makes the blood pressure normal. Indigestion, stomachache, skin diseases and colic pain are cured by the practice of this pranayama. It alleviates poison too. It generates shine on the face and makes the voice sweet. It normalizes tridosa (vatta, pitta and kapha) and cures diseases of the liver and spleen. This pranayama is also useful in case of excessive thirst.