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CSA S16-09 Example 002 - 1
CSA S16-09 Example 002

WIDE FLANGE MEMBER UNDER COMPRESSION & BENDING
EXAMPLE DESCRIPTION
The frame object axial and moment strengths are tested in this example.
A continuous column is subjected to factored loads and moments Cf = 2000 kN;
Mfx-top= 200 kN-m; Mfx-bottom= 300 kN-m. This example was tested using the CSA
S16-09 steel frame design code. The design capacities are compared with
Handbook of Steel Construction (9
th
Edition) results.
GEOMETRY, PROPERTIES AND LOADING
2000 kN



















TECHNICAL FEATURES TESTED
Section compactness check (compression & bending)
Member compression capacity
Member bending capacity with no mid-span loading
Material Properties
E = 200,000 MPa

= 0.3
G= 76,923.08 MPa





Loading Design Properties
fy = 345 MPa

Cf = 2000 kN
Mfx-top = 200 kN-m
Mfx-bottom = 300 kN-m


A
3.7 m

A
Mxf = 200 kN-m
Mxf = 300 kN-m


Section A-A
W310x118
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CSA S16-09 Example 002 - 2
RESULTS COMPARISON
Independent results are taken from Example 1 on page 4-114 of the Hand Book
of Steel Construction to CSA S16-01 published by the Canadian Institute of Steel
Construction.
Output Parameter SAP2000 Independent
Percent
Difference
Compactness Class 2 Class 2 0.00%
Axial Capacity, Cr (kN) 3849.5 3849.5 0.00%
Bending Capacity, Mr33
(kN-m)
605.5 605.5 0.00%
COMPUTER FILE: CSA S16-09 EX002
CONCLUSION
The results show an exact comparison with the independent results.










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CSA S16-09 Example 002 - 3
HAND CALCULATION

Properties:
Material:
fy = 345 MPa
E = 200,000 MPa
G = 76923.08 MPa
Section: W310x118
Ag = 15000 mm
2

r33 = 135.4006 mm, r22 = 77.5457 mm
I22 = 90,200,000 mm
4
Z33 = 1,950,000 mm
3
J = 1,600,000 mm
4

12 6
1.966 10 mm
w
C = -
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
22 33
0 0 77.5457 135.4006
o o o
r x y r r = + + + = + + +
2 2
24346.658mm
o
r =
Member:
lz= le33 = le22 = 3700 mm (unbraced length)
kz=k33 = k22 =1.0
0.9 | =

Loadings:
2000 kN
f
C =
,top
200 kN-m
a xf
M M = =
,bottom
300 kN-m
b xf
M M = =


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CSA S16-09 Example 002 - 4
Section Compactness:
Localized Buckling for Flange:
.1
145 145
7.81
345
Cl
y
F
= = =
.2
170 170
9.15
345
Cl
y
F
= = =
307
8.21
2 2 18.7
f
f
b
t
= = =
-

.1 .2 Cl Cl
< < ,
Flange is Class 2.

Localized Buckling for Web:
345 15000
5175kN
1000
y y g
C f A
-
= = =
.1
1100 1100 2000
1 0.39 1 0.39 50.30
5175 345
f
Cl
y y
C
C F
| |
| |
= = =
|
|
|
\ .
\ .

276.6
23.24
11.9
w
h
t
= = =
.1 Cl
< ,
Web is Class 1.

Section is Class 2

Member Compression Capacity:
Flexural Buckling
n = 1.34 (wide flange section)
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CSA S16-09 Example 002 - 5
22 22
22 33 22
22
1.0 3700 345
max( , ) 0.6308
77.5457 200000
y
f
k l
r E
-
= = = = =
t

( ) ( )
1 1
2 2 1.34
1.34
1 0.9 15000 345 1 0.6308
n
n
r g y
C A F

-
= | + = - - - +
3489.5kN
r
C =

Torsional & Lateral-Torsional Buckling
2 2 5
2 2
33 33
33
2 10
2643MPa
1 3700
135.4006
ex
E
F
k l
r
t t -
= = =
- | | | |
|
|
\ .
\ .

2 2 5
2 2
22 22
22
2 10
867MPa
1 3700
77.5457
ey
E
F
k l
r
t t -
= = =
- | | | |
|
|
\ .
\ .

( )
2
2 2
1
w
ez
g o
z z
EC
F GJ
A r
k l
| |
t
| = +
|
\ .
( )
2 5 12
6
2
2 10 1.966 10 1
76923.08 1.6 10
15000 24347
1 3700
ez
F
| |
t - - - -
| = + - -
|
-
-
\ .

1113.222MPa
eZ
F =
( )
min , , 867MPa
e ex ey ez ey
F F F F F = = =
( ) ( )
1 1
2 2 1.34
1.34
1 0.9 15000 867 1 0.6308
n
n
r g e
C A F

-
= | + = - - - +
9674.5kN
r
C = (does not govern)

Section Bending Capacity:
33 33
1, 950, 000 345 672.75kN-m
p y
M Z F = = - =

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CSA S16-09 Example 002 - 6
Member Bending Capacity:
2
2
1.75 1.05 0.3 2.5
a a
b b
M M
M M
| | | |
e = + + s
| |
\ . \ .

2
2
200 200
1.75 1.05 0.3 2.583 2.5
300 300
| | | |
e = + + = s
| |
\ . \ .

So
2
2.5 e =
2
2
22 22
22 22
u w
E
M EI GJ I C
l l
| | e t t
= +
|
\ .
2
5
5 7 6 7 12
2.5 2 10
2 10 9.02 10 76923.08 1.6 10 9.02 10 1.966 10
3700 3700
u
M
| | - - -
= - - - - - - + - - -
|
\ .
t t

3163.117kN-m
u
M =
Since
33
0.67
u p
M M > -
33
33 33 33
1.15 1 0.28
p
r p p
u
M
M M M
M
(
= | s |
(


33
672.75
1.15 0.9 672.75 1 0.28 0.9 672.75
3163.117
r
M
(
= - - s -
(


33
654.830 605.475
r
M = s
33
605.5kN-m
r
M =