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REPORT

Coimbatore is a district which has rich history of water harvesting and good management of its water. Rain and tank water are the major basis of the rural livelihoods, agriculture etc Coimbatore city is located on the bank of Noyyal River that originates from Western Ghats. Due to the gradual urbanization all the tanks are now receiving sewage flows in addition to the natural runoff. The city has a natural topography sloping from north towards south and west towards east. Valankulam Lake is located in south zone of Coimbatore corporation area on Sungamto Ukkadam Bye-pass road which is considered as one of the prime location of the Coimbatore city. It receives supply from Coimbatore anicut channel throughout the Coimbatore Big Tank and surplus into a stream, which falls into Singanallur tank. The Concept: What derives itself from nature returns to it. An attempt to make a positive change in design by Reducing the negative impact on the environment in terms of: Use of materials Water Management Renewable Energy Effective Land Use Ecological footprint Using processes that are environmentally responsible and resource-efficient throughout from cradle to grave. - Expanding and complementing the classical building design in matters of economy, utility, durability, and comfort. - Designing to reduce the overall impact of the built-up environment on human health and the natural environment by: 1. Efficiently using energy, water, and other resources 2. Protecting occupants health and improving productivity 3. Reducing waste, pollution and environmental degradation 4. Ensuring sustainability SENSITIVITY TO THE CONTEXT - Minimal damage during the insert, to the natural elements of water flow, air quality, vegetation, and topography - Design retains site contours and existing boulders.

"Contour trenching" adopted to avoid erosion, sedimentation and further intrusion. During construction, barricades were installed to prevent contaminants from spreading to surrounding areas.

LANDSCAPE Landscaping by sequential arrangement of different sizes of plants for various effects. Influences microclimate and hence human comfort. Contributes color and is a visual delight Defines and articulates space Greenery and Landscape is proven to be therapeutic and a stress buster. Green cover acts as modifier of micro climate

AFFORESTATION CANOPY TREES Create mass from the outside, for a canopied space from the inside Trunks imply but do not enclose space. Spaces formed have ceiling, no walls,only columns. Fairly open at eye level. Tree trunks act as landscape columns and give architectural character to the site. Modify the natural light quality Penetrating sunlight adds to the dynamism of the space.

Large Trees Provide Bulk To Plant Mass

PARK UNDERSTOREY TREES Suitable for small, intimate spaces. Provide shade without overpowering the space. Used as accent plants or focal plants. Are effective in screening mid or low angle sun.

SHORELINE PLANTS Screens undesirable views while framing good ones. Helps filter pollutants that wash off roofs, driveways and other hard surfaces. Preserves the natural appearance of the shoreline. Offers better protection against shoreline erosion and requires less formal repair. Provides increased diversity and improved habitat for wildlife.

SHRUBS

Define and separate spaces without blocking vision Shrubs can effectively unify a composition

GROUND COVER Unify groups of plants into a composition Creates edges Lead the eye to focal points, building entries Can create lines of visual character overlapping with paving Beneficial in stabilizing slopes, preventing erosion

Defined pathways in landscape to reduce disturbance to plant species. Large expanse of ground cover used to create focus on Local craftwork as landscape elements Bio degradable plastic grass crates used to hold grass easy removal and maintenance Tree trunks and columns lined with gravel stone. - attention to detail -aesthetics

PAVEMENT Stone grid pavers used on roads for easy drainage of water. Reuse of construction waste stone in paving the gardens. Clay tile paving in the gardens. Furniture in the plaza with local stone flooring. Use of bamboo as landscape elements.

PLANT SPECIES 1. Ashoka Tree Saraca asoca 2. Coral Jasmine Nycthanthes arbortistis 3. The Sensitive Plant/ Touch-me-not Mimosa pudica 4. Joy perfume tree/Champa Magnolia champaca 5. Canna 6. Coral flower 7. Golden Duranta 8. Guava 9. Mondo Grass 10. Bougainvillea 11. Ruffled fan palm 12. Screw Palm

WATER WATER HAS SENSUAL VALUE: It triggers the mind It augments meaning It reinforces communication It calms the mind and relieves stress Water is also used to modify site climate by evaporative cooling. RAIN WATER HARVEST : Some rainwater goes into the soil by the use of permeable grid pavers. The remaining rainwater follows existing flow patterns and is collected in a water pond another traditional method of rain water harvesting, constructed at a lower end of the site. In addition, the building achieves a 35 % reduction of municipally supplied potable water, in part through the use of low-flush toilets and waterless urinals.

ROOT ZONE TREATMENT Artificially prepared wetlands comprising of clay or plastic lined excavation and emergent vegetation growing on gravel/sand mixtures. WASTE WATER TREATMENT (INDIVIDUAL PLOT BASIS). All wastewater generated - recycled by "root zone treatment" simultaneously irrigates the vegetation. Low operating cost , less energy requirement and ease of maintenance Attractive alternative for wastewater management Enhances the Landscape

Filtration

Pass raw effluent after filtration horizontally or vertically through bed of soil with impervious bottom

Aerobic oxidation of organic matter by bacteria and fungi Anaerobic digestion of organic matter Biodegradation Chemical reaction with existing and added inorganic chemicals Clean treated water obtained

Purification

Treated water directed to the lake.


Distribution

SUBMERGED SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT Will attain a treatment quality up to: BOD 10 mg/l: SS 10mg/l: Amm. Nitrogen 2mg/l (with tertiary treatment) Copes with variable flows and loads with unique flow balancing in primary tank Reliable operation and stand-by facility Segmented biological treatment module No internal mechanical moving parts Safe, clean accessible air diffuser system with large access lids for easy maintenance No emptying of tank required during maintenance on the air distribution system Humus and primary sludge are stored in one place for simple tankering operation Small installation footprint, low installation costs, minimal visual impact THE HIPAF TREATMENT PROCESS Primary - Primary settlement is in accordance with, giving the required hydraulic retention time and ensuring that 30% of the BOD will settle out in the primary tank. HiPAF plants below 500 persons will have sludge storage integral to the primary tank. The primary settlement tank is equipped with baffles to prevent floating scum entering the biological phase of the treatment process. It also incorporates WPL Limiteds unique forward feed system which lowers the level in the tank, during periods of low flow, to provide a buffering capacity for possible surges in the influent.

Biological - After primary settlement, the settled liquor flows to the biological treatment unit by displacement and via the air lift forward feed. The biozone is fully segmented internally to eliminate the risk of process short cuts. Each biozone segment is filled with high voidage plastic filter media, where both carbonaceous and nitrifying processes take place, mitigating process risks associated with variable loads. Air to oxygenate the influent and to scour excess biomass from the filter media is introduced continuously below each chamber by a series of diffusers. Final - Following biological treatment the effluent flows into the final (humus) settlement tank where the excess biomass settles out. The humus tank is equipped with air lifts which are arranged to automatically transfer settled humus sludge to the primary tank for co-settlement. The treated effluent flows under gravity to the works outfall.

SHOWING THE TREATMENT PROCESS 1. Primary settlement tank 2. Settled solids at bottom 3. Unique air lift forward feed into biozone (not shown on Compact) 4. Biological treatment unit (biozone) 5. Air diffusers at the bottom of each chamber 6. Filter media 7. Settled sludge air lift back to primary 8. Final (humus) settlement tank