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SEADS CONCEPT PROPOSAL

AMALGAM VIRGO 01

SCENARIO: COUNTER TERRORISM


1-2 JUN 2001

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FINAL REPORT TAB SUMMARY

Combined (Joint) Training for Unconventional Threat


NORAD FTX
EXERCISE CHARTER
(PER NORAD INSTRUCTION 10-45)

•Mission: Train NORAD Warriors


•Focus: Air Sovereignty and Air Defense
•Goal: Enhanced Mission Readiness

•Scenarios: Based on Perceived Threats


Perceived Threats

Washington Times
May 29, 2000
Cohen Says Terrorist Threat Is 'Real'
Defense Secretary William S. Cohen yesterday warned the United States faces a
"quite real" threat of a terrorist nuclear, chemical or biological weapon attack on
national soil within 10 years.
Joint Vision 2020 Document: 'Prepare Now For Uncertain Future'
WORDS FROM THE TOP

“Missile technology is proliferating into the hands of rogue nations and


terrorist organizations. As a nation we must research and develop options
to combat these emerging threats.”

STATEMENT OF
GENERAL RALPH E. EBERHART, USAF
COMMANDER IN CHIEF
NORTH AMERICAN AEROSPACE DEFENSE COMMAND
AND UNITED STATES SPACE COMMAND
BEFORE THE UNITED STATES SENATE ARMED SERVICES COMMITTEE
STRATEGIC SUBCOMMITTEE
8 March 2000
AMALGAM VIRGO
EXERCISE GOALS

• Focus on a Realistic Current Threat


• Increase the Realism and Fidelity of
Our NORAD/SEADS Live-fly Exercises
• “Train Like We’re Going to Fight”
• Exercise Contingency OPORD Concepts
AMALGAM WARRIOR 00-2

147 FW

.. CAP
USCG

RCC
NEW ORLEANS
...
JSS
. AOC
GP MOBILE (ATC)

728 ACS
TPS-75
E-9 R/SAOC
AVENGER

TANKERS
125 FW TYNDALL AFB
148 FW

C2 NODES RADAR FIGHTERS PORT SECURITY


NORAD ARSR-4 F-15 (JAX) KODIAK IS. (110FT)
CONR TPS-75 F-16C (EFD) HU-25 (FALCON)
SEADS AWACS F-16ADF (PAM) E-9
728 ACS AEROSTAT AVENGER
AWACS FIGHTERS TANKERS RCC
USCG RCC E-9 KC-135 CMOC
WORLD AOR’s 101
1 NORAD AOO (THE ONLY GIVEN)

2
DOD/SOUTHCOM AOR
xic o
o f Me
Gulf
5
STATE GOVENOR/
3 FBI ISSUE/USCG ISSUE FEMA ISSUE

4 JOINT STAFF ISSUE OR FBI ISSUE F L


d al l AFB,
Tyn

AW 00-2 C2 LESSONS

“THE GREY AREA”


WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR WHAT AND
WHO IS IN CHARGE?
AMALGAM VIRGO 01
PROPOSAL

ach
a City Be
m
Pana
FL
d al l AFB,
Tyn

NORAD homeland defense missions: Aerospace Warning and Aerospace


Control.
•Aerospace Control provides surveillance and control over North
American airspace. This includes the capability to detect, identify,
monitor and, if necessary, take appropriate action (ranging from visual
identification to destruction) against manned or unmanned air-
breathing vehicles approaching North America.
147
147 FW
FW

CMOC

SEADS AOC CONR


JSS

TYNDALL
AFB
125 FW

NORAD homeland defense missions: Aerospace Warning and Aerospace


Control.
•Aerospace Control provides surveillance and control over North
American airspace. This includes the capability to detect, identify,
monitor and, if necessary, take appropriate action (ranging from visual
identification to destruction) against manned or unmanned air-
breathing vehicles approaching North America.
E-2
AWACS

AEGIS
SEADS AOC CONR

GTACS

TYNDALL
AFB

NORAD (ARSR-4, AEROSTAT, FTRs)


Detection Augmentation
E-2, E-3, GTACS, PATRIOT, AEGIS
MU-2

MQM-107
(LOW ALT)
NEW ORLEANS RCC

E-9 HU-25

SEADS AOC CONR


CUTTER

TYNDALL AFB

148 FW

SURFACE VESSEL PROSECUTION


NORAD, USCG, USN, ACC
AWACS, CUTTER, HU-25, AEGIS, E-9
NEW ORLEANS CMOC
RCC

SEADS AOC CONR

TALLAHASSEE EOC

COMMAND AND CONTOL NODES


CMOC, RAOC, SEADS, USCG RCC,
E-2, GTACS, AWACS, AEGIS, FL EOC
AEGIS CRUISER

LOW ALT
MQM-107 FIGHTER CAP
MU
LT
I -L
AY
ER
AR
EA PATRIOT
DE
FE
NS
EA
RC
HIT
EC HUMRAAM
TU
RE

SEADS AOC CONR AVENGER PANAMA CITY

TYNDALL CONSEQUENCE
AFB MANAGEMENT

THREAT PROSECUTION AND TRAINING OPPORTUNITIES


E-2
MU-2 AWACS

CAP
MQM-107 147 FW
DRONE BOAT (LOW ALT)
RCC
E-9 HU-25
AEGIS

SEADS AOC CONR


JSS CUTTER GTACS

R/SAOC
AVENGER
HUMRAAM
TYNDALL AFB
125 FW BAY COUNTY EOC/RAIDS
PATRIOT

148 FW
TANKERS

Joint Training For NEW PLAYERS


E-2
Unconventional Threat AEGIS
MU-2 (LOW ALT TGT)
JBECC
JBECC TEST
TEST
RAIDS
HUMRAAM
HUMRAAM AMALGAM VIRGO 01 PATRIOT
HUMRAAM
PROPOSAL JBECC
AV 01 FIGHTER FLOW
30 MAY 2001 - 4 JUN 2001

Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday Monday


29 30 DACT 31 1 2 DACT 3 4
CF-18s CF-18 (Red) CF-18 (Red) CF-18s
Deploy To vs F-15/16 vs F-15/16 Re-deploy To
Tyndall AFB Canada
AMALGAM SEADS/ADA*
SEADS/ADA*
FED VIRGO
VIRGO FEDVIRGO
(OFF-LINE TNG)
(OFF-LINE TNG) CF-18
Blue Air

*SEADS/DOCW/T RESPONSIBLE FOR PLANNING, ORGANIZING AND EXECUTING


FEDERAL VIRGO EXERCISE (I.E. DACT WITH SEADS BATTLESTAFF)
INTEL SCENARIO FLOW
1-2 JUN 2001

Jan - May
BEHIND THE SCENES….Simulated
PRE-STARTEX •JTF FORMED
•JFCOM/SOUTHCOM/NORAD CINC ASSESMENT
TERRORIST GROUP •COA DEVELOPMENT/SELECTION
ACQUIRES CM’S/UAV’S •EXECUTION PLANNING/ORDER

POTENTIAL GOMEX ATTACK JTF STANDS DOWN


WARNING - SEADS UNIT’S
NOTIFIED OF POSSIBLE RECALL CAP BEGINS
STARTEX VULTIME ENDS
(DAYTIME) ATTACK ON TYNDALL IMMINENT
- NORAD/SEADS UNITS RECALLED - NORAD
FIRST LINE OF DEFENSE PENDING JTF

TERRORIST ATTACK

1 JUN LOCAL CST


1800 21 24 03 0600 09 12 15 1800
CANADA-UNITED STATES
BASIC SECURITY DOCUMENT
MCC 100-35

UNCLASSIFIED 20 August 1999

(Cover Letter - para 1) When directed by the Government of Canada and the
National Command Authorities of the United States, CANUS forces will conduct
combined operations to maintain the security of the CANUS region.
[signed] [signed]
J.M.G. BARIL HENRY H. SHELTON
General, Canadian Forces General, United States Army
Chief of the Defence Staff Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff

APPENDIX 4 TO ANNEX J TO CANUS BASIC SECUTITY PLAN


UNITED STATES AS LEAD NATION COMMAND STRUCTURE
US NCA Govt of Canada

CJCS CDS

CINC NCE (1)


Note:
(1) The CDS will exercise
JTF COCOM/COMMAND
command of the Canadian OPCON
forces through a National
Command Element (NCE) US FORCES CDN FORCES COORDINATION
SEADS AV 01Exercise Planner’s C2 Baseline REF. (MCC100-35) BASIC SECURITY DOCUMENT CANADA-US AND JP 3-07.7 JTTP OF DOMESTIC SUPPORT OPERATIONS

GET NORAD
CRISIS MANAGEMENT CONSEQUENCE MANAGEMENT
NCA (N) SPECTRUM
CDN NCA (N)
PRESIDENT FBI
SECDEF JOC SECARMY FEMA
CDS (N) CJCS(N) DOMS HQ (S)
CINCNORAD****
NCE (N) CDN FORCES INTERFACE 1ST ARMY

J5
ONLY
JTF/CC** FEMA DISTRICT IV
JFCOM (N) (NOT C2)
SOCOM (N) ? GOV FL (S)
DOT(N)

(FL) STATE EMERGENCY


JMCF(N) JMCC** JFSOC (N) JFACC/AADC** JFLCC** OPERATIONS CENTER
USCG D8/CC CONR/CC FL TAG (EOC)

INVOLVED
TASK
RCC GROUP SEADS CST BAY
AVENGER COUNTY
(RAIDS)
USCG CUTTER GTACS EOC
PATRIOT
HU-25 E-3
COMLANT AREA (S)
E-9 AEGIS E-2 F-15 F-16 CF-18
CCGD8

EARLY
MARFORLANT (N) LANTFLT (N) ACC (N) FORSCOM (N) GRU MOBILE KODIAK ISLAND

HU-25 CUTTER
AEWWINGLANT (N) NGB (N)
USCG
COMNAVSURFLANT (S) 53 WG (S) 9 AF (S) 49 ARMY DIV (S)
(S) = SEADS SIM CELL

COMNAVSURFGRU (S) 53 WEG (S) 33 FW (S) AFRC (S) SC TAG (S) AL TAG (S) COORD
(N) = NORAD SIM CELL

TACON
VAW-77 COMDESRON 6 82 ATRS 728 ACS 970 AACS 2-263D 1-203D BLUE BOX = LIVE PLAYER

E-2 AEGIS E-9 GTACS AWACS AVENGER PATRIOT


RED BOX = CONNECTIVITY DRILL
JFCOM (JTF) SUPPORTTING COMMAND
PARTICIPANTS
BLUE

• NORAD
• CONR
• SEADS
• 970 AACS (AWACS)
• USCG (RCC/CUTTER/FALCON)
• 125 FW,147 FW, 148 FW
• 53 WEG (E-9)
• 728 ACS (GTACS)
• 2-263/5 ADA (AVENGER)
• 1-203 ADA (PATRIOT)
• DESRON6 (AEGIS)
• VAW-77 (E-2)
• CF-18
PARTICIPANTS
RED

• Phoenix Air (Surrogate UAVs)


• CAP (CD/TERRORIST TGTs)
• 53 WEG (MQM-107/VESSEL)
• MU-2 Relay Platform
• 2-263 ADA (manpad)
CONSEQUENCE MGT
CONNECTIVITY DRILL

2
CRISIS MANAGEMENT CONSEQUENCE MANAGEMENT
NCA (N) SPECTRUM
PRESIDENT FBI
SECDEF SECARMY FEMA
CJCS(N)
JOC
DOMS HQ (S) 2
CINCNORAD****
INTERFACE 1ST ARMY
JTF/CC**
ONLY
FEMA DISTRICT IV 2
(NOT C2)
NORAD J3
2 GOV FL (S)

(FL) STATE EMERGENCY

2 JFACC/AADC**
CONR/CC
JFLCC**
FL TAG
OPERATIONS CENTER
(EOC) 2
SEADS CST BAY
ETA 17 MINUTES (RAIDS) COUNTY 2
2 GTACS EOC

E-3

E-2 F-15 F-16


5 Minutes for EBS
21 Minutes TOTAL
CONSEQUENCE MGT
CONNECTIVITY DRILL

CRISIS MANAGEMENT CONSEQUENCE MANAGEMENT


NCA (N) SPECTRUM
PRESIDENT FBI
SECDEF JOC SECARMY FEMA
CJCS(N) DOMS HQ (S)
CINCNORAD****
INTERFACE 1ST ARMY
ONLY
JTF/CC** FEMA DISTRICT IV
(NOT C2)
NORAD J3
GOV FL (S)

(FL) STATE EMERGENCY


JFACC/AADC** JFLCC** OPERATIONS CENTER
CONR/CC FL TAG (EOC)

SEADS CST BAY


ETA 17 MINUTES 2 (RAIDS) COUNTY
2 GTACS EOC

E-3

E-2 F-15 F-16


5 Minutes for EBS
8 Minutes Preparation
INITIAL INVOLVEMENT WITH
CONSEQUENCE MANAGEMENT

NORAD UNITS OTHER MILITARY LOCAL ORGs AV ADDITIONS

DEPARTMENT OF
EMERGENCY
MANAGEMENT
JTF-CS
MILITARY AND CIVILIAN COOPERATION ESSENTIAL
FOR EFFECTIVE POST TERRORIST ATTACK ACTIONS
(SHORAD) ADA CONOPS
AMALGAM VIRGO 01

OAKGROVE: “Pop-up target 10 SSE of J-11”

Tyndall AFB

J-11

R-2905
040

Re-generation Line

29 55 N Avenger
85 35 W
CM Statistic and UAV
Programs and Platforms
SAMPLE

75,000 Cruise Missiles Distributed Amongst 75 Countries


+
•AV Pointer •Huntair •Shadow 600 •Global Hawk
•AV Pointer Micro •Hunter •Skyeye •Gnat 750
•Blimp •Javelin •Spectre II •Hawk-I 7b/f/h
•Aerobot •Model 324 •Tern •Raptor
•Aerosonde •Model 350 •Theseus •SASS Lite
•Altus 2 •Model 410 •Truck •STM-5B
•BQM-34 •Outrider •MQM-107 •Seabat
•Chiron •Pathfinder •LEARS •Shadow 200
•Darkstar •Ferseus B •Hummingbird •Onithoptor
•Eagle Eye •Pioneer •Dragonfly •Entomoptor
•Exdrone •Porter •Vindicator •Seamos
•Firebee •Predator •VC-6 •Dirigible AAV
•Freewing •Prowler •Micro •AMGSSS
LEARS UAV

LEARS COST
$83,613.00
(Includes GPS driven air vehicle and
Ground Control Station and is capable
of carrying a 40lb payload)

•“The LEARS UAV was developed for sales to third world nations”
James H. Boschma
Technical Director
Bosch Aerospace, Inc
Huntsville, AL
“A Scary Thought”
16 AUG 99

New Foundland to Scotland


26 hours
3,200 km
Federal Flight Rules Eyed
For Unmanned Aircraft
Aviation Week & Space Technology June 5, 2000

“Pentagon and FAA officials have ordered a Defense Dept. study


of how UAVs should be integrated into national airspace”

“Predictions are that the U.S. may be operating as many as


2,000 UAVs in 5-10 years. The market is ready to explode"
DRONE SAFETY
PROCECURES

DRONE COORIDOR 10 NM DRONE RULE ALT BLKS 0-4’S


ALT BLKS 5-9’S
WHITE CELL

GRDCUS
J-11
SAFETY LOOP

DRONE CONTROL
RAGE CONTROL
BLUE AIR DRONE AIR
PICTURE TOTAL AIR PICTURE
PICTURE

EX DIRECTOR
DRONE COMMANDER

WETSTONE
AW 00-2 TRACK SYNOPSIS
All times in local CST time (+5 for zulu)

TRACK TIMES
(LOCAL)
1. 1830-1914 UNK
2. 2030-2138 CD
3. 2240-2341 CD
4. 0050-0140 SUICIDE
5. 0630-0700 RPV E
6. 0700-0801 CD 1 2 3 4
7. 0715-0745 RPV D
8. 0815-0842 RPV
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
9. 0830-0930 UAV
10. 0900-0927 RPV C
11. 1030-1123 UAV 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
12. 1100-1130 RPV
13. 1145-1215 RPV B
14. 1245-1312 RPV 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
15. 1210-1300 UAV A
16. 1330-1357 RPV 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
17. 1400-1506 UAV
9 1 8 5 4
18. 1716-1800 CD
EFD 3
11 7 14 6 10 HST 2
UNK RPV 15 13 12 16
CD UAV 17 18
SUICIDE
NORAD AV
PROPOSAL GUIDELINES

Need your proposals for a live-fly event


• Multi-region exercise preferred
• Should be short duration (1-2 days)
• Should focus on emerging threats
• Cruise missile defense
• Anti-airborne terrorism
• WMD
• Should include outside agencies
• FBI, RCMP, FEMA, DTRA...
NI 10-45
OBJECTIVES

•Exercise Integrated Tactical Warning and Attack Assessment (ITW&AA).

•Exercise command interface with higher and lateral headquarters.

•Exercise intelligence, logistics and personnel functions.

•Exercise command, control and communications systems and procedures.

•Exercise NORAD Headquarters, region and sector joint binational battle staffs.

•Exercise crisis action planning, deployment planning and CONPLAN execution.

•Exercise regeneration, NBC and battle staff support operations and test concepts.

•Exercise contingency operations (including Cruise Missile Defense).

•Exercise air sovereignty and air defense missions.

•Exercise the counterdrug mission.


EVERYONE
PARTICIPATES
SE ADS AV 0 1Exerci se Planner’s C2 Baseline REF. (MCC100-35) BASIC SECURI TY DOCUME NT CANADA-US AND JP 3-07.7 JTTP OF DOMESTIC SUPPORT OPERATIONS

CR ISIS MANA GEMEN T CONSEQUENC E MANA GEMEN T


NCA (N) SPECTRUM
CDN NCA (N)
PRESIDENT

• ANR
FBI
SECDEF JOC SECARMY FEMA
CDS (N) CJCS(N) DOMS HQ (S)
CINCNO RAD****
NCE (N) CDN FORCES
I NT ERFACE 1ST ARMY
ONLY

JTF/CC** FEMA DISTRICT IV


JFCOM (N) (NOT C2)
NORAD J3
SO CO M (N) GOV FL (S)

• CANR
DOT(N)

WHITE FORCE
(FL) STATE EMERGENCY
JMCF(N) JMCC** JFSOC (N) JFACC/AADC** JFLCC** OPERATI ONS CENTER
USCG D8/CC CONR/CC FL TAG (EOC)
TASK
RCC GROUP SEAD S CST BAY
AVENGER COUNTY
(RAIDS)

• WADS
USCG CU TTER EO C

AUGMENTATION
GTACS
PATRIOT
HU-25 E-3
COMLANT AREA (S)
E-9 AEGIS E-2 F-15 F-16 CF-18
CCGD 8

MAR FORL ANT (N ) L ANT FL T ( N) AC C (N ) F OR SC OM (N) GRU MOBILE KODIAK ISLAND

• NEADS
HU-25 CUTTER
AEWWIN GLANT (N) NGB (N)
USCG
COMNAV SURFLANT (S) 53 WG (S ) 9 AF (S) 49 ARM Y DIV (S)
(S) = S EADS S IM CE LL

COMNAV SURFGRU (S ) 53 WEG (S) 33 FW (S ) AFRC (S ) S C TAG (S ) AL TAG (S ) COORD


(N) = NORAD S I M CE LL

TACON
VAW-77 COMDESRON 6 82 ATRS 72 8 ACS 97 0 AACS 2-2 63D 1-2 03D BLUE BOX = LIV E P LAYE R

E-2 AEGI S E-9 GTACS AWACS AVENGER PATRIOT


RED BOX = CONNE CTIV IT Y DRI LL
JFCOM (JTF) SUPPORTTING COMMAND

HIJACK SCENARIO

ANR/CANR/CONR/WADS/NEADS
SUMMATION

AMALGAM VIRGO 01 Will Provide:


™ Challenging and Realistic Training ...(PA)
š Significant break from “Cold War” Paradigm
› State-of-the-art Target
œ Integration of New Concepts
 “Train-Like-You-Fight” Wargaming
ž Robust Battle Management Training
RETURN TO Ÿ Joint Training for Unconventional Threat RETURN TO
FINAL REPORT TAB SUMMARY