You are on page 1of 27

Oracle10g Release 10.1.0.1 upgrade to Oracle10g Release 10.2.0.

10.1.0.X.0 TO 10.2.0.4.0

1. Install 10.2.0.1.0 software


The software can be downloaded from the following link :
http://www.oracle.com/technology/software/products/database/index.html
Note 169706.1 : Oracle® Database Installation and Configuration Requirements Quick Reference (8.0.5 to 11.1)

2. Install the 10.2.0.4.0 patchset on top of 10.2.0.1.0 ORACLE_HOME


Patchset number is : 6810189
http://updates.oracle.com/download/6810189.html

3. Upgrade the database to 10.2.0.4.0


Note 419550.1 : Different Upgrade Methods For Upgrading Your Database
Note 316889.1 : Complete checklist for manual upgrades to 10gR2

REFERENCE:
List of fixes included in 10.2.0.4 Note 401436.1
Known issues and alerts affecting 10.2.0.4 Note 555579.1

Subject:Different Upgrade Methods For Upgrading Your Database


Doc ID:419550.1 Type: HOWTO
Modified Date: 13-JUL-2008 Status: MODERATED

In this Document
Goal
Solution
References

This document is being delivered to you via Oracle Support's Rapid Visibility (RaV) process, and therefore has
not been subject to an independent technical review.

Applies to:
Oracle Server - Enterprise Edition - Version: 9.2.0.1 to 11.1.0.6
Information in this document applies to any platform.

Goal

What are thedifferent upgrade methods for upgrading your database ?


(This note applies to all the database upgrades to 9iR2 ,10gR1,10gR2,11gR1 )

Solution

The different upgrade methods you can use to upgrade your database to the new Oracle Database 9i/10g/11g release are:

1) Database Upgrade Assistant (DBUA)


2) Manual Upgrade
3) Export/Import
4) Data Copying

1) DBUA (Database Upgrade Assistant)


The Database Upgrade Assistant (DBUA) interactively steps you through the upgrade process and configures the
database for the new Oracle Database 10g release. The DBUA automates the upgrade process by performing all of the
tasks normally performed manually. The DBUA makes appropriate recommendations for configuration options such as
tablespaces and redo logs. You can then act on these recommendations. This method is very easy and user friendly. But if
any error occurs it will take time to diagnose the error as the upgrade process is automatically by the upgrade assistant.
For more information;refer to the following link
10.2=> http://download-east.oracle.com/docs/cd/B19306_01/server.102/b14238/upgrade.htm#i1011482
11.1=>http://download.oracle.com/docs/cd/B28359_01/server.111/b28300/upgrade.htm#i1011482

@Note 556477.1 Complete Checklist for Upgrades to 11gR1 using DBUA

2) Manual upgrade
A manual upgrade consists of running SQL scripts and utilities from a command line to upgrade a database to the new
Oracle Database 10g release. A manual upgrade gives you finer control over the upgrade process as it is done step by step
manually. So if any error occurs, it is easy to diagnose the error. While a manual upgrade gives you finer control over the
upgrade process, it is more susceptible to error if any of the upgrade or pre-upgrade steps are either not followed or are
performed out of order.
When manually upgrading a database, perform the following pre-upgrade steps:

• Analyze the database using the Pre-Upgrade Information Tool. The Upgrade Information Tool is SQL script that
ships with the new Oracle Database 10g release, and must be run in the environment of the database being
upgraded.
The Upgrade Information Tool displays warnings about possible upgrade issues with the database. It also displays
information about required initialization parameters for the new Oracle Database 10g release.
• Prepare the new Oracle Home.
• Perform a backup of the database.

Depending on the release of the database being upgraded, you may need to perform additional pre-upgrade steps (adjust
the parameter file for the upgrade, remove obsolete initialization parameters and adjust initialization parameters that might
cause upgrade problems).
Refer the metalink notes for manual upgrade :
Note 429825.1( Complete Checklist for Manual Upgrades to 11gR1 )
Note 263809.1(Complete checklist for manual upgrades to 10gR1 (10.1.0.x)).
Note 316889.1(Complete checklist for manual upgrades to 10gR2).
Note 466181.110g Upgrade Companion

3) Export/Import
The Export/Import upgrade method does not change the current database, which enables the database to remain
available throughout the upgrade process. However, if a consistent snapshot of the database is required (for data integrity
or other purposes), then the database must run in restricted mode or must otherwise be protected from changes during the
export procedure. Because the current database can remain available, you can, for example, keep an existing production
database running while the new Oracle Database 10g database is being built at the same time by Export/Import. During the
upgrade, to maintain complete database consistency, changes to the data in the database cannot be permitted without the
same changes to the data in the new Oracle Database .
Most importantly, the Export/Import operation results in a completely new database. Although the current database
ultimately contains a copy of the specified data, the upgraded database may perform differently from the original database.
For example, although Export/Import creates an identical copy of the database, other factors, such as disk placement of
data and unset tuning parameters, may cause unexpected performance problems.
Upgrading an entire database by using Export/Import can take a long time, especially compared to using the DBUA
or performing a manual upgrade. Therefore, you may need to schedule the upgrade during non-peak hours or make
provisions for propagating to the new database any changes that are made to the current database during the upgrade.
For more information, refer to the following link
http://download-east.oracle.com/docs/cd/B19306_01/server.102/b14238/expimp.htm#i262247

4) Data Copying
You can copy data from one Oracle Database to another using database links. For example, you can create new
tables and fill the tables with data by using the INSERT INTO statement and the CREATE TABLE ... AS statement.Copying
data and Export/Import offer the same advantages for upgrading. Using either method, you can defragment data files and
restructure the database by creating new tablespaces or modifying existing tables or tablespaces. In addition, you can copy
only specified database objects or users.
Copying data, however, unlike Export/Import, enables the selection of specific rows of tables to be placed into the
new database. Copying data is a good method for copying only part of a database table. In contrast, using Export/Import,
you can copy only entire tables

Oracle® Database Upgrade Guide


10g Release 2 (10.2)
Part Number B14238-01
http://download-east.oracle.com/docs/cd/B19306_01/server.102/b14238/upgrade.htm

References
Note 316889.1 - Complete Checklist for Manual Upgrades to 10gR2
Note 429825.1 - Complete Checklist for Manual Upgrades to 11gR1
Note 466181.1 - 10g Upgrade Companion
Subject:Complete Checklist for Manual Upgrades to 10gR2
Doc ID:316889.1 Type: BULLETIN
Modified Date: 29-SEP-2008 Status: PUBLISHED

In this Document
Purpose
Scope and Application
Complete Checklist for Manual Upgrades to 10gR2
Steps for Upgrading the Database to 10g Release 2
Preparing to Upgrade
Upgrading to the New Oracle Database 10g Release 2
After Upgrading a Database
Useful Hints
Appendix A: Initialization Parameters Obsolete in 10g
Appendix B: Initialization Parameters Deprecated in 10g
Known issues
Revision History
References

Applies to:
Oracle Server - Enterprise Edition - Version: 8.1.7.4 to 10.2.0.1
Information in this document applies to any platform.

Purpose

This document is created for use as a guideline and checklist when manually upgrading Oracle 8i, Oracle 9i or Oracle
10gR1 to Oracle 10gR2.

This document is divided into three major sections.


-- Preparing to Upgrade
-- Upgrading to the New Oracle Database 10g Release 2
-- After Upgrading a Database

Please read the whole article before starting to perform an upgrade

Scope and Application


Database administrators

Complete Checklist for Manual Upgrades to 10gR2


Prerequisites and recommendations

• Install Oracle 10g Release 2 in a new Oracle Home


• Install JAccelerator (NCOMP) into the home from the Companion media, to avoid the issue in

Note 293658.1 "10.1 or 10.2 Patchset Install Getting ORA-29558 JAccelerator (NCOMP) And ORA-06512"

• Download and install the latest available 10.2.0.x patchset. Review the following note for a list of available patchsets
and details of any well known issues:

Note 316900.1 "ALERT: Oracle 10g Release 2 (10.2) Support Status and Alerts"

• Install the latest available Critical Patch Update:

Note 290738.1 "Oracle Critical Patch Update Program General FAQ"


• If you are upgrading to 10.2.0.3, review the following alerts before performing the upgrade and apply any required
patches:

Note 406472.1 "Mandatory Patch 5752399 for 10.2.0.3 on Solaris 64-bit and Filesystems Managed By Veritas or Solstice
Disk Suite software"

Note 412271.1 "ORA-600 [22635] and ORA-600 [KOKEIIX1] Reported While Upgrading or Patching Databases to 10.2.0.3"

NOTE: If your database was originally created as 32-bit, even if it is 64-bit now, apply the patches recommended in Note
412271.1

• If you are upgrading to any 10.2.0.x version, review the following alert before performing the upgrade and apply any
required patch:

Note 471479.1 "IOT Corruptions After Upgrade from COMPATIBLE <= 9.2 to COMPATIBLE >= 10.1"

• If you are upgrading to any 10.2.0.x version on AIX5L, review the following note before upgrading:

Note 557242.1 "Upgrade Gives Ora-29558 Error Despite of JAccelerator Has Been Installed"

• If you are upgrading to 10.2.0.4, review the following notes before upgrading:

Note 565600.1 "Error in Catupgrd: ORA-00904 In DBMS_SQLPA"


Note 603714.1 "10.2.0.4 Catupgrd.sql Fails With ORA-03113 Creating SYS.KU$_XMLSCHEMA_VIEW"

• If you are upgrading a 32-bit database to 10.2.0.x 64-bit, review the following note and remove the
"use_indirect_data_buffers=TRUE" parameter setting before performing the upgrade:

Note 465951.1 "ORA-600 [kcbvmap_1] or Ora-600 [Kcliarq_2] On Startup Upgrade Moving From a 32-Bit To 64-Bit
Release"

• Either take a cold or hot backup for your database.


• Make sure to take a backup of Oracle Home and Central Inventory. Central inventory can be located by the
contents of oraInst.loc files. "oraInst.loc" is available in the following locations on various platforms:

/var/opt/oracle/oraInst.loc -- Solaris
/etc/oraInst.loc -- other operating systems
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\ORACLE\inst_loc -- On windows Platform.

• Verify kernel parameters are set according to the 10gR2 Installation Guide.
• Verify that all O/S packages and patches are installed as per the Installation Guide.

Please also note that Oracle have made an "Oracle10g Upgrade Companion" available. For further information, please
review:

Note 466181.1 "10g Upgrade Companion"

The above document is continually updated as new information becomes available.

Compatibility Matrix

Minimum Version of the database that can be directly upgraded to Oracle 10g Release 2
8.1.7.4 -> 10.2.X.X.X
9.0.1.4 or 9.0.1.5 -> 10.2.X.X.X
9.2.0.4 or higher -> 10.2.X.X.X
10.1.0.2 or higher -> 10.2.X.X.X

The following database version will require an indirect upgrade path.

7.3.3 (or lower) -> 7.3.4 -> 8.1.7 -> 8.1.7.4 -> 10.2.X.X.X
7.3.4 -> 8.1.7 -> 8.1.7.4 -> 10.2.X.X.X
8.0.n -> 8.1.7 -> 8.1.7.4 -> 10.2.X.X.X
8.1.n -> 8.1.7 -> 8.1.7.4 -> 10.2.X.X.X

Steps for Upgrading the Database to 10g Release 2

Preparing to Upgrade

In this section all the steps need to be performed to the previous version of Oracle. Please note that the database must be
running in normal mode in the old release.

Step 1:

Log in to the system as the owner of the new 10gR2 ORACLE_HOME and copy the following files from the 10gR2
ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin directory to a directory outside of the Oracle home, such as the /tmp directory on your
system:

ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/utlu102i.sql
ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/utltzuv2.sql

Make a note of the new location of these files.

Step 2:

Change to the temporary directory that you copied files to in Step 1.

Start SQL*Plus and connect to the database instance as a user with SYSDBA privileges. Then run and spool the
utlu102i.sql file.
sqlplus '/as sysdba'

SQL> spool Database_Info.log


SQL> @utlu102i.sql
SQL> spool off

Then, check the spool file and examine the output of the upgrade information tool. The sections which follow, describe the
output of the Upgrade Information Tool (utlu102i.sql).

NOTE: If you are upgrading from 8.1.7.4, the utlu102i.sql script will fail with an ORA-1403 error. Please follow the
workaround in Note 5640527.8 (or Note 407031.1) to enable utlu102i.sql to run.

Database:
This section displays global database information about the current database such as the database name, release number,
and compatibility level. A warning is displayed if the COMPATIBLE initialization parameter needs to be adjusted before the
database is upgraded.

Logfiles:
This section displays a list of redo log files in the current database whose size is less than 4 MB. For each log file, the file
name, group number, and recommended size is displayed. New files of at least 4 MB (preferably 10 MB) need to be
created in the current database. Any redo log files less than 4 MB must be dropped before the database is upgraded.
Tablespaces:
This section displays a list of tablespaces in the current database. For each tablespace, the tablespace name and minimum
required size is displayed. In addition, a message is displayed if the tablespace is adequate for the upgrade. If the
tablespace does not have enough free space, then space must be added to the tablespace in the current database.
Tablespace adjustments need to be made before the database is upgraded.

Update Parameters:
This section displays a list of initialization parameters in the parameter file of the current database that must be adjusted
before the database is upgraded. The adjustments need to be made to the parameter file after it is copied to the new Oracle
Database 10g release.

Deprecated Parameters:
This section displays a list of initialization parameters in the parameter file of the current database that are deprecated in
the new Oracle Database 10g release.

Obsolete Parameters:
This section displays a list of initialization parameters in the parameter file of the current database that are obsolete in the
new Oracle Database 10g release. Obsolete initialization parameters need to be removed from the parameter file before the
database is upgraded.

Components:
This section displays a list of database components in the new Oracle Database 10g release that will be upgraded or
installed when the current database is upgraded.

Miscellaneous Warnings:
This section provides warnings about specific situations that may require attention before and/or after the upgrade.

SYSAUX Tablespace:
This section displays the minimum required size for the SYSAUX tablespace, which is required in Oracle Database 10g. The
SYSAUX tablespace must be created after the new Oracle Database 10g release is started and BEFORE the upgrade
scripts are invoked.

Step 3:
Check for the deprecated CONNECT Role

After upgrading to 10gR2, the CONNECT role will only have the CREATE SESSION privilege; the other privileges granted
to the CONNECT role in earlier releases will be revoked during the upgrade. To identify which users and roles in your
database are granted the CONNECT role, use the following query:

SELECT grantee FROM dba_role_privs


WHERE granted_role = 'CONNECT' and
grantee NOT IN (
'SYS', 'OUTLN', 'SYSTEM', 'CTXSYS', 'DBSNMP',
'LOGSTDBY_ADMINISTRATOR', 'ORDSYS',
'ORDPLUGINS', 'OEM_MONITOR', 'WKSYS', 'WKPROXY',
'WK_TEST', 'WKUSER', 'MDSYS', 'LBACSYS', 'DMSYS',
'WMSYS', 'OLAPDBA', 'OLAPSVR', 'OLAP_USER',
'OLAPSYS', 'EXFSYS', 'SYSMAN', 'MDDATA',
'SI_INFORMTN_SCHEMA', 'XDB', 'ODM');

If users or roles require privileges other than CREATE SESSION, then grant the specific required privileges prior to
upgrading. The upgrade scripts adjust the privileges for the Oracle-supplied users.
In Oracle 9.2.x and 10.1.x CONNECT role includes the following privileges:

SELECT GRANTEE,PRIVILEGE FROM DBA_SYS_PRIVS


WHERE GRANTEE='CONNECT'

GRANTEE PRIVILEGE
------------------------------ ---------------------------
CONNECT CREATE VIEW
CONNECT CREATE TABLE
CONNECT ALTER SESSION
CONNECT CREATE CLUSTER
CONNECT CREATE SESSION
CONNECT CREATE SYNONYM
CONNECT CREATE SEQUENCE
CONNECT CREATE DATABASE LINK

In Oracle 10.2 the CONNECT role only includes CREATE SESSION privilege.

Step 4:

Create the script for dblink incase of downgrade of the database.

During the upgrade to 10gR2, any passwords in database links will be encrypted. To downgrade back to the original
release, all of the database links with encrypted passwords must be dropped prior to the downgrade. Consequently, the
database links will not exist in the downgraded database. If you anticipate a requirement to be able to downgrade back to
your original release, then save the information about affected database links from the SYS.LINK$ table, so that you can
recreate the database links after the downgrade.

Following script can be used to construct the dblink.

SELECT
'create '||DECODE(U.NAME,'PUBLIC','public ')||'database link '||CHR(10)
||DECODE(U.NAME,'PUBLIC',Null, U.NAME||'.')|| L.NAME||chr(10)
||'connect to ' || L.USERID || ' identified by '''
||L.PASSWORD||''' using ''' || L.host || ''''
||chr(10)||';' TEXT
FROM sys.link$ L,
sys.user$ U
WHERE L.OWNER# = U.USER# ;

Step 5:

Check for the TIMESTAMP WITH TIMEZONE Datatype. Please this step is only required for the 10gR1 The may affect
existing data of TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE datatype.
For example, if users enter TIMESTAMP '2003-02-17 09:00:00 America/Sao_Paulo', we convert the data to UTC based on
the transition rules in the time zone file and store them on the disk. So '2003-02-17 11:00:00' along with the time zone id for
'America/Sao_Paulo' is stored because the offset for this particular time is '-02:00'. Now the transition rules are modified and
the offset for this particular time is changed to '-03:00'. when users retrieve the data, they will get '2003-02-17 08:00:00
America/Sao_Paulo'. There is one hour difference compared to the original value.

Change to the temporary directory that you copied files to in Step 1.

Start SQL*Plus and connect to the database instance as a user with SYSDBA privileges. Then run and spool the
utltzuv2.sql file.

$ sqlplus '/as sysdba'

SQL> spool TimeZone_Info.log


SQL> @utltzuv2.sql
SQL> spool off
If the utltzuv2.sql script identifies columns with time zone data affected by a database upgrade, then use the solution to
solve this problem.

create tables with the time zone information in character format (for example, TO_CHAR(column, 'YYYY-MM-DD
HH24.MI.SSXFF TZR'), and recreate the TIMESTAMP data from these tables after the upgrade.

For example, user scott has a table tztab:


create table tztab(x number primary key, y timestamp with time zone);
insert into tztab values(1, timestamp '');

Before upgrade, you can create a table tztab_back, note column y here is defined as VARCHAR2 to preserve the original
value.

create table tztab_back(x number primary key, y varchar2(256));


insert into tztab_back select x,
to_char(y, 'YYYY-MM-DD HH24.MI.SSXFF TZR') from tztab;

After upgrade, you need update the data in the table tztab using the value in tztab_back.
update tztab t set t.y = (select to_timestamp_tz(t1.y,
'YYYY-MM-DD HH24.MI.SSXFF TZR') from tztab_back t1 where t.x=t1.x);

Step 6:
Starting in Oracle 9i the National Characterset (NLS_NCHAR_CHARACTERSET) will be limited to UTF8 and AL16UTF16.
Any other NLS_NCHAR_CHARACTERSET will no longer be supported.

For more details, refer to Note 276914.1 "The National Character Set in Oracle 9i and 10g"

NOTE: If you are upgrading from Oracle9i to 10g, skip to step 7.

When upgrading from Oracle8i to 10g the value of NLS_NCHAR_CHARACTERSET is based on value currently used in the
Oracle8i version.

If the NLS_NCHAR_CHARACTERSET is UTF8 then new it will stay UTF8. In all other cases the
NLS_NCHAR_CHARACTERSET is changed to AL16UTF16 and -if used- N-type data (= data in columns using NCHAR,
NVARCHAR2 or NCLOB ) may need to be converted.

The change itself is done in step 38 by running the upgrade script.

To check whether there are any N-type objects in a database, run the following query:

select distinct OWNER, TABLE_NAME


from DBA_TAB_COLUMNS
where DATA_TYPE in ('NCHAR','NVARCHAR2', 'NCLOB')
and OWNER not in ('SYS','SYSTEM','XDB');

If no rows are returned it should mean that the database is not using N-type columns for user data, so simply go to the
next step.

If you have N-type columns for user data then run the following query:
SQL> select * from nls_database_parameters where parameter ='NLS_NCHAR_CHARACTERSET';

If you are using N-type columns AND your National Characterset is UTF8 or is in the following list:

JA16SJISFIXED , JA16EUCFIXED , JA16DBCSFIXED , ZHT32TRISFIXED


KO16KSC5601FIXED , KO16DBCSFIXED , US16TSTFIXED , ZHS16CGB231280FIXED
ZHS16GBKFIXED , ZHS16DBCSFIXED , ZHT16DBCSFIXED , ZHT16BIG5FIXED
ZHT32EUCFIXED

then also simply go to point next step. The conversion of the user data itself will then be done in step 38

If you are using N-type columns AND your National Characterset is NOT UTF8 or NOT in the following list:

JA16SJISFIXED , JA16EUCFIXED , JA16DBCSFIXED , ZHT32TRISFIXED


KO16KSC5601FIXED , KO16DBCSFIXED , US16TSTFIXED , ZHS16CGB231280FIXED
ZHS16GBKFIXED , ZHS16DBCSFIXED , ZHT16DBCSFIXED , ZHT16BIG5FIXED
ZHT32EUCFIXED

(your current NLS_NCHAR_CHARACTERSET is for example US7ASCII, WE8ISO8859P1, CL8MSWIN1251 ...)

then you have to:

• change the tables to use CHAR, VARCHAR2 or CLOB instead the N-type
or
• use export/import the table(s) containing N-type column and truncate those tables before migrating to 10g

The recommended NLS_LANG during export is simply the NLS_CHARACTERSET, not the
NLS_NCHAR_CHARACTERSET

Step 7:

When upgrading to Oracle Database 10g, optimizer statistics are collected for dictionary tables that lack statistics. This
statistics collection can be time consuming for databases with a large number of dictionary tables, but statistics gathering
only occurs for those tables that lack statistics or are significantly changed during the upgrade.

To decrease the amount of downtime incurred when collecting statistics, you can collect statistics prior to performing the
actual database upgrade.

As of Oracle Database 10g Release 10.1, Oracle recommends that you use the
DBMS_STATS.GATHER_DICTIONARY_STATS procedure to gather these statistics. You can enter the following:

$ sqlplus '/as sysdba'

SQL> EXEC DBMS_STATS.GATHER_DICTIONARY_STATS;

For Oracle8i and Oracle9i, use the DBMS_STATS.GATHER_SCHEMA_STATS procedure to gather statistics.

Backup the existing statistics as follows:

$ sqlplus '/as sysdba'


SQL>spool sdict

SQL>grant analyze any to sys;

SQL>exec dbms_stats.create_stat_table('SYS','dictstattab');

SQL>exec dbms_stats.export_schema_stats('WMSYS','dictstattab',statown => 'SYS');


SQL>exec dbms_stats.export_schema_stats('MDSYS','dictstattab',statown => 'SYS');
SQL>exec dbms_stats.export_schema_stats('CTXSYS','dictstattab',statown => 'SYS');
SQL>exec dbms_stats.export_schema_stats('XDB','dictstattab',statown => 'SYS');
SQL>exec dbms_stats.export_schema_stats('WKSYS','dictstattab',statown => 'SYS');
SQL>exec dbms_stats.export_schema_stats('LBACSYS','dictstattab',statown => 'SYS');
SQL>exec dbms_stats.export_schema_stats('OLAPSYS','dictstattab',statown => 'SYS');
SQL>exec dbms_stats.export_schema_stats('DMSYS','dictstattab',statown => 'SYS');
SQL>exec dbms_stats.export_schema_stats('ODM','dictstattab',statown => 'SYS');
SQL>exec dbms_stats.export_schema_stats('ORDSYS','dictstattab',statown => 'SYS');
SQL>exec dbms_stats.export_schema_stats('ORDPLUGINS','dictstattab',statown => 'SYS');
SQL>exec dbms_stats.export_schema_stats('SI_INFORMTN_SCHEMA','dictstattab',statown => 'SYS');
SQL>exec dbms_stats.export_schema_stats('OUTLN','dictstattab',statown => 'SYS');
SQL>exec dbms_stats.export_schema_stats('DBSNMP','dictstattab',statown => 'SYS');
SQL>exec dbms_stats.export_schema_stats('SYSTEM','dictstattab',statown => 'SYS');
SQL>exec dbms_stats.export_schema_stats('SYS','dictstattab',statown => 'SYS');

SQL>spool off

This data is useful if you want to revert back the statistics

For example, the following PL/SQL subprograms import the statistics for the SYS schema after deleting the existing
statistics:

exec dbms_stats.delete_schema_stats('SYS');
exec dbms_stats.import_schema_stats('SYS','dictstattab');

To gather statistics run this script, connect to the database AS SYSDBA using SQL*Plus.

$ sqlplus '/as sysdba'

SQL>spool gdict

SQL>grant analyze any to sys;

SQL>exec dbms_stats.gather_schema_stats('WMSYS',options=>'GATHER',
estimate_percent => DBMS_STATS.AUTO_SAMPLE_SIZE,
- method_opt => 'FOR ALL COLUMNS SIZE AUTO', cascade => TRUE);
SQL>exec dbms_stats.gather_schema_stats('MDSYS',options=>'GATHER',
estimate_percent => DBMS_STATS.AUTO_SAMPLE_SIZE,
- method_opt => 'FOR ALL COLUMNS SIZE AUTO', cascade => TRUE);
SQL>exec dbms_stats.gather_schema_stats('CTXSYS',options=>'GATHER',
estimate_percent => DBMS_STATS.AUTO_SAMPLE_SIZE,
- method_opt => 'FOR ALL COLUMNS SIZE AUTO', cascade => TRUE);
SQL>exec dbms_stats.gather_schema_stats('XDB',options=>'GATHER',
estimate_percent => DBMS_STATS.AUTO_SAMPLE_SIZE,
- method_opt => 'FOR ALL COLUMNS SIZE AUTO', cascade => TRUE);
SQL>exec dbms_stats.gather_schema_stats('WKSYS',options=>'GATHER',
estimate_percent => DBMS_STATS.AUTO_SAMPLE_SIZE,
- method_opt => 'FOR ALL COLUMNS SIZE AUTO', cascade => TRUE);
SQL>exec dbms_stats.gather_schema_stats('LBACSYS',options=>'GATHER',
estimate_percent => DBMS_STATS.AUTO_SAMPLE_SIZE,
- method_opt => 'FOR ALL COLUMNS SIZE AUTO', cascade => TRUE);
SQL>exec dbms_stats.gather_schema_stats('OLAPSYS',options=>'GATHER',
estimate_percent => DBMS_STATS.AUTO_SAMPLE_SIZE,
- method_opt => 'FOR ALL COLUMNS SIZE AUTO', cascade => TRUE);
SQL>exec dbms_stats.gather_schema_stats('DMSYS',options=>'GATHER',
estimate_percent => DBMS_STATS.AUTO_SAMPLE_SIZE,
- method_opt => 'FOR ALL COLUMNS SIZE AUTO', cascade => TRUE);
SQL>exec dbms_stats.gather_schema_stats('ODM',options=>'GATHER',
estimate_percent => DBMS_STATS.AUTO_SAMPLE_SIZE,
- method_opt => 'FOR ALL COLUMNS SIZE AUTO', cascade => TRUE);
SQL>exec dbms_stats.gather_schema_stats('ORDSYS',options=>'GATHER',
estimate_percent => DBMS_STATS.AUTO_SAMPLE_SIZE,
- method_opt => 'FOR ALL COLUMNS SIZE AUTO', cascade => TRUE);
SQL>exec dbms_stats.gather_schema_stats('ORDPLUGINS',options=>'GATHER',
estimate_percent => DBMS_STATS.AUTO_SAMPLE_SIZE,
- method_opt => 'FOR ALL COLUMNS SIZE AUTO', cascade => TRUE);
SQL>exec dbms_stats.gather_schema_stats('SI_INFORMTN_SCHEMA',options=>'GATHER',
estimate_percent => DBMS_STATS.AUTO_SAMPLE_SIZE,
- method_opt => 'FOR ALL COLUMNS SIZE AUTO', cascade => TRUE);
SQL>exec dbms_stats.gather_schema_stats('OUTLN',options=>'GATHER',
estimate_percent => DBMS_STATS.AUTO_SAMPLE_SIZE,
- method_opt => 'FOR ALL COLUMNS SIZE AUTO', cascade => TRUE);
SQL>exec dbms_stats.gather_schema_stats('DBSNMP',options=>'GATHER',
estimate_percent => DBMS_STATS.AUTO_SAMPLE_SIZE,
- method_opt => 'FOR ALL COLUMNS SIZE AUTO', cascade => TRUE);
SQL>exec dbms_stats.gather_schema_stats('SYSTEM',options=>'GATHER',
estimate_percent => DBMS_STATS.AUTO_SAMPLE_SIZE,
- method_opt => 'FOR ALL COLUMNS SIZE AUTO', cascade => TRUE);
SQL>exec dbms_stats.gather_schema_stats('SYS',options=>'GATHER',
estimate_percent => DBMS_STATS.AUTO_SAMPLE_SIZE,
- method_opt => 'FOR ALL COLUMNS SIZE AUTO', cascade => TRUE);

SQL>spool off

Step 8:

Check for invalid objects in the database:

spool invalid_pre.lst
select substr(owner,1,12) owner,
substr(object_name,1,30) object,
substr(object_type,1,30) type, status from
dba_objects where status <> 'VALID';
spool off

Run the following script as a user with SYSDBA privs using SQL*Plus and then requery invalid objects:

% sqlplus '/as sysdba'


SQL> @?/rdbms/admin/utlrp.sql

This last query will return a list of all objects that cannot be recompiled before the upgrade in the file 'invalid_pre.lst'

If you are upgrading from Oracle9iR2 (9.2), verify that the view dba_registry contains data. If the view is empty, run the
following scripts from the 9.2 home:

% sqlplus '/as sysdba'


SQL> @?/rdbms/admin/catalog.sql
SQL> @?/rdbms/admin/catproc.sql
SQL> @?/rdbms/admin/utlrp.sql

and verify that the dba_registry view now contains data.

Step 9:
Check for corruption in the dictionary, use the following commands in sqlplus connected as sys:

Set verify off


Set space 0
Set line 120
Set heading off
Set feedback off
Set pages 1000
Spool analyze.sql

Select 'Analyze cluster "'||cluster_name||'" validate structure cascade;'


from dba_clusters
where owner='SYS'
union
Select 'Analyze table "'||table_name||'" validate structure cascade;'
from dba_tables
where owner='SYS' and partitioned='NO' and (iot_type='IOT' or iot_type is NULL)
union
Select 'Analyze table "'||table_name||'" validate structure cascade into invalid_rows;'
from dba_tables
where owner='SYS' and partitioned='YES';
spool off

This creates a script called analyze.sql.


Now execute the following steps.

$ sqlplus '/as sysdba'


SQL> @$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/utlvalid.sql
SQL> @analyze.sql

This script (analyze.sql) should not return any errors.

Step 10:
Ensure that all Snapshot refreshes are successfully completed, and that replication is stopped.

$ sqlplus '/ as sysdba'


SQL> select distinct(trunc(last_refresh)) from dba_snapshot_refresh_times;

Step 11:
Stop the listener for the database:

$ lsnrctl
LSNRCTL> stop

Ensure no files need media recovery:

$ sqlplus '/ as sysdba'


SQL> select * from v$recover_file;

This should return no rows.

Step 12:
Ensure no files are in backup mode:

SQL> select * from v$backup where status!='NOT ACTIVE';

This should return no rows.

Step 13:
Resolve any outstanding unresolved distributed transaction:

SQL> select * from dba_2pc_pending;

If this returns rows you should do the following:

SQL> select local_tran_id from dba_2pc_pending;


SQL> execute dbms_transaction.purge_lost_db_entry('');
SQL> commit;

Step 14:
Disable all batch and cron jobs.

Step 15:
Ensure the users sys and system have 'system' as their default tablespace.

SQL> select username, default_tablespace from dba_users


where username in ('SYS','SYSTEM');

To modify use:

SQL> alter user sys default tablespace SYSTEM;


SQL> alter user system default tablespace SYSTEM;

Step 16:
Ensure that the aud$ is in the system tablespace when auditing is enabled.

SQL> select tablespace_name from dba_tables where table_name='AUD$';

Step 17:
Note down where all control files are located.

SQL> select * from v$controlfile;

Step 18:
If table XDB.MIGR9202STATUS exists in the database, drop it before upgrading the database (to avoid the issue described
in Note 356082.1)

Step 19:
Shutdown the database

$ sqlplus '/as sysdba'


SQL> shutdown immediate;

Step 20:

Perform a full cold backup (or an online backup using RMAN)

You can either do this by manually copying the files or sign on to RMAN:

$ rman "target / nocatalog"

And issue the following RMAN commands:

RUN
{
ALLOCATE CHANNEL chan_name TYPE DISK;
BACKUP DATABASE FORMAT 'some_backup_directory%U' TAG before_upgrade;
BACKUP CURRENT CONTROLFILE TO 'save_controlfile_location';
}

Upgrading to the New Oracle Database 10g Release 2

Step 21:
Update the init.ora file:
- Make a backup of the old init.ora file

- Copy it from the old (pre-10.2) ORACLE_HOME to the new (10.2) ORACLE_HOME

On Unix/Linux, the default location of the file is the $ORACLE_HOME/dbs directory

- Comment out any obsoleted parameters (listed in appendix A).

- Change all deprecated parameters (listed in appendix B).

- Set the COMPATIBLE initialization parameter to an appropriate value. If you are


upgrading from 8.1.7.4 then set the COMPATIBLE parameter to 9.2.0 until after the
upgrade has been completed successfully. If you are upgrading from 9.2.0 or 10.1.0
then leave the COMPATIBLE parameter set to it's current value until the upgrade
has been completed successfully. This will avoid any unnecessary ORA-942 errors
from being reported in SMON trace files during the upgrade (because the upgrade
is looking for 10.2 objects that have not yet been created)

- If you have the parameter NLS_LENGTH_SEMANTICS currently set to CHAR, change the value
to BYTE during the upgrade (to avoid the issue described in Note 4638550.8)

- Verify that the parameter DB_DOMAIN is set properly.

- Make sure the PGA_AGGREGATE_TARGET initialization parameter is set to


at least 24 MB.

- Ensure that the SHARED_POOL_SIZE and the LARGE_POOL_SIZE are at least 150Mb.
Please also the check the "KNOWN ISSUES" section

- Make sure the JAVA_POOL_SIZE initialization parameter is set to at least 150 MB.

- Ensure there is a value for DB_BLOCK_SIZE

- On Windows operating systems, change the BACKGROUND_DUMP_DEST and USER_DUMP_DEST initialization


parameters that point to RDBMS80 or any other environment variable
to point to the following directories instead:

BACKGROUND_DUMP_DEST to ORACLE_BASE\oradata\DB_NAME

and

USER_DUMP_DEST to ORACLE_BASE\oradata\DB_NAME\archive

- Comment out any existing AQ_TM_PROCESSES and JOB_QUEUE_PROCESSES parameter settings, and add new lines
in the init.ora/spfile.ora that explicitly set AQ_TM_PROCESSES=0 and JOB_QUEUE_PROCESSES=0 for the duration of
the upgrade. The "startup upgrade" command (see step 30) should ensure that these settings are used, but it's worth
making sure.

- If you have defined an UNDO tablespace, set the parameter UNDO_MANAGEMENT=AUTO (otherwise, either unset the
parameter or explicitly set it to MANUAL). See Note 135090.1 for further information about the Automatic Undo
Management feature.

- Make sure all path names in the parameter file are fully specified. You should not have relative path names in the
parameter file.

- If you are using a cluster database, set the parameter CLUSTER_DATABASE=FALSE during the upgrade.

- If you are upgrading a cluster database, then modify the initdb_name.ora file in the same way that you modified the
parameter file.
Step 22 :
Check for adequate freespace on archive log destination file systems.

Step 23 :
Ensure the NLS_LANG variable is set correctly:

$ env | grep $NLS_LANG

Step 24:
If needed copy the SQL*Net files like (listener.ora,tnsnames.ora etc) to the new location (when no TNS_ADMIN env.
Parameter is used)

$ cp $OLD_ORACLE_HOME/network/admin/*.ora /network/admin

Step 25:
If your Operating system is Windows (NT, 2000, XP or 2003) delete your services With the ORADIM of your old oracle
version.

Stop the OracleServiceSID Oracle service of the database you are upgrading, where SID is the instance name. For
example, if your SID is ORCL, then enter the following at a command prompt:

C:\> NET STOP OracleServiceORCL

For Oracle 8.0 this is:


C:\ORADIM80 -DELETE -SID

For Oracle 8i or higher this is:


C:\ORADIM -DELETE -SID

Also create the new Oracle Database 10gR2 service at a command prompt using the ORADIM command of the new Oracle
Database release:

C:\> ORADIM -NEW -SID SID -INTPWD PASSWORD -MAXUSERS USERS


-STARTMODE AUTO -PFILE ORACLE_HOME\DATABASE\INITSID.ORA

Step 26:
Copy configuration files from the ORACLE_HOME of the database being upgraded to the new Oracle Database 10g
ORACLE_HOME:

If your parameter file resides within the old environment's ORACLE_HOME, then copy it to the new ORACLE_HOME. By
default, Oracle looks for the parameter file in ORACLE_HOME/dbs on UNIX platforms and in ORACLE_HOME\database
on Windows operating systems. The parameter file can reside anywhere you wish, but it should not reside in the old
environment's ORACLE_HOME after you upgrade to Oracle Database 10g.

If your parameter file is a text-based initialization parameter file with either an IFILE (include file) or a SPFILE (server
parameter file) entry, and the file specified in the IFILE or SPFILE entry resides within the old environment's
ORACLE_HOME, then copy the file specified by the IFILE or SPFILE entry to the new ORACLE_HOME. The file specified
in the IFILE or SPFILE entry contains additional initialization parameters.

If you have a password file that resides within the old environments ORACLE_HOME, then move or copy the password file
to the new Oracle Database 10g ORACLE_HOME.

The name and location of the password file are operating system-specific.
On UNIX platforms, the default password file is ORACLE_HOME/dbs/orapwsid.
On Windows operating systems, the default password file is
ORACLE_HOME\database\pwdsid.ora. In both cases, sid is your Oracle instance ID.

If you are upgrading a cluster database and your initdb_name.ora file resides within the old environment's
ORACLE_HOME, then move or copy the initdb_name.ora file to the new ORACLE_HOME.

Note:
If you are upgrading a cluster database, then perform this step on all nodes
in which this cluster database has instances configured.

Step 27:
Update the oratab entry, to set the new ORACLE_HOME and disable automatic startup:

SID:ORACLE_HOME:N

Step 28:
Update the environment variables like ORACLE_HOME and PATH

$. oraenv

Step 29:
Make sure the following environment variables point to the new release (10g) directories:

- ORACLE_HOME
- PATH
- ORA_NLS10
- ORACLE_BASE
- LD_LIBRARY_PATH
- LD_LIBRARY_PATH_64 (Solaris only)
- LIBPATH (AIX only)
- SHLIB_PATH (HPUX only)
- ORACLE_PATH

$ env | grep ORACLE_HOME


$ env | grep PATH
$ env | grep ORA_NLS10
$ env | grep ORACLE_BASE
$ env | grep LD_LIBRARY_PATH
$ env | grep ORACLE_PATH

AIX:
$ env | grep LIBPATH

HP-UX:
$ env | grep SHLIB_PATH

Note that the ORA_NLS10 environment variable replaces the ORA_NLS33 environment variable, so you should unset
ORA_NLS33 and set ORA_NLS10.

As per Note 77442.1, you should set ORA_NLS10 to point to $ORACLE_HOME/nls/data

Step 30:
Startup upgrade the database:
$ cd $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin
$ sqlplus / as sysdba
Use Startup with the UPGRADE option:
SQL> startup upgrade

Step 31:
Create a SYSAUX tablespace. In Oracle Database 10g, the SYSAUX tablespace is used to consolidate data from a
number of tablespaces that were separate in previous releases.

The SYSAUX tablespace must be created with the following mandatory attributes:

- ONLINE
- PERMANENT
- READ WRITE
- EXTENT MANAGEMENT LOCAL
- SEGMENT SPACE MANAGEMENT AUTO

The Upgrade Information Tool(utlu102i.sql in step 4) provides an estimate of the minimum required size for the SYSAUX
tablespace in the SYSAUX Tablespace section.

The following SQL statement would create a 500 MB SYSAUX tablespace for the database:

SQL> CREATE TABLESPACE sysaux DATAFILE 'sysaux01.dbf'


SIZE 500M REUSE
EXTENT MANAGEMENT LOCAL
SEGMENT SPACE MANAGEMENT AUTO
ONLINE;

Step 32:

NOTE: Before performing the next action, disable any third party procedures that check the complexity of schema
passwords. During the upgrade, new schemas may be created and these may initially have an insecure password (but only
for a very short period of time, because the SQL script that creates the new schema will then immediately expire the
password and lock the schema). If procedures are in place to enforce password complexity, the "create user" statement may
fail and cause configuration of a component to fail.

Run the catupgrd.sql script, spooling the output so you can check whether any errors occured and investigate them:

SQL> spool upgrade.log


SQL> @catupgrd.sql

The catupgrd.sql script determines which upgrade scripts need to be run and then runs each necessary script. You must run
the script in the new release 10.2 environment.

The upgrade script creates and alters certain data dictionary tables. It also upgrades and configures the following database
components in the new release 10.2 database (if the components were installed in the database before the upgrade).

Oracle Database Catalog Views


Oracle Database Packages and Types
JServer JAVA Virtual Machine
Oracle Database Java Packages
Oracle XDK
Oracle Real Application Clusters
Oracle Workspace Manager
Oracle interMedia
Oracle XML Database
OLAP Analytic Workspace
Oracle OLAP API
OLAP Catalog
Oracle Text
Spatial
Oracle Data Mining
Oracle Label Security
Messaging Gateway
Expression Filter
Oracle Enterprise Manager Repository

Turn off the spooling of script results to the log file:

SQL> SPOOL OFF

Then, check the spool file and verify that the packages and procedures compiled successfully. You named the spool file
earlier in this step; the suggested name was upgrade.log. Correct any problems you find in this file and rerun the
appropriate upgrade script if necessary. You can rerun any of the scripts described in this note as many times as necessary.

Step 33:
Run utlu102s.sql, specifying the TEXT option:

SQL> @utlu102s.sql TEXT

This is the Post-upgrade Status Tool displays the status of the database components in the upgraded database. The
Upgrade Status Tool displays output similar to the following:

Oracle Database 10.2 Upgrade Status Utility 04-20-2005 05:18:40

Component Status Version HH:MM:SS


Oracle Database Server VALID 10.2.0.1.0 00:11:37
JServer JAVA Virtual Machine VALID 10.2.0.1.0 00:02:47
Oracle XDK VALID 10.2.0.1.0 00:02:15
Oracle Database Java Packages VALID 10.2.0.1.0 00:00:48
Oracle Text VALID 10.2.0.1.0 00:00:28
Oracle XML Database VALID 10.2.0.1.0 00:01:27
Oracle Workspace Manager VALID 10.2.0.1.0 00:00:35
Oracle Data Mining VALID 10.2.0.1.0 00:15:56
Messaging Gateway VALID 10.2.0.1.0 00:00:11
OLAP Analytic Workspace VALID 10.2.0.1.0 00:00:28
OLAP Catalog VALID 10.2.0.1.0 00:00:59
Oracle OLAP API VALID 10.2.0.1.0 00:00:53
Oracle interMedia VALID 10.2.0.1.0 00:08:03
Spatial VALID 10.2.0.1.0 00:05:37
Oracle Ultra Search VALID 10.2.0.1.0 00:00:46
Oracle Label Security VALID 10.2.0.1.0 00:00:14
Oracle Expression Filter VALID 10.2.0.1.0 00:00:16
Oracle Enterprise Manager VALID 10.2.0.1.0 00:00:58
Note - in RAC environments, this script may suggest that the status of the RAC component is INVALID when in actual fact it
is VALID (as shown in the output from DBA_REGISTRY)

NOTE: As per Note 456845.1, the output from the utlu102s.sql script may differ from the output from DBA_REGISTRY. To
check the current status of each component, run the following SQL statement:

SQL> select comp_name, status, version from dba_registry;

Step 34:
Restart the database:
SQL> shutdown immediate (DO NOT use "shutdown abort" !!!)
SQL> startup restrict

Executing this clean shutdown flushes all caches, clears buffers and performs other database housekeeping tasks. Which
is needed if you want to upgrade specific components.

Step 35:
Run olstrig.sql to re-create DML triggers on tables with Oracle Label Security policies.
This step is only necessary if Oracle Label Security is in your database.
(Check from Step 33).

SQL> @olstrig.sql

Step 36:
Run utlrp.sql to recompile any remaining stored PL/SQL and Java code.

SQL> @utlrp.sql

Verify that all expected packages and classes are valid:

If there are still objects which are not valid after running the script run the following:

spool invalid_post.lst
Select substr(owner,1,12) owner,
substr(object_name,1,30) object,
substr(object_type,1,30) type, status
from
dba_objects where status <>'VALID';
spool off

Now compare the invalid objects in the file 'invalid_post.lst' with the invalid objects in the file 'invalid_pre.lst' you create in
step 9.

NOTE: If you have upgraded from version 9.2 to version 10.2 and find that the following views are invalid, the views can be
safely ignored (or dropped):

SYS.V_$KQRPD
SYS.V_$KQRSD
SYS.GV_$KQRPD
SYS.GV_$KQRSD

NOTE: If you have used OPatch to apply a CPU patch to the 10.2.0.x home, you now need to follow the post-installation
steps in the README file of the CPU patch to apply the CPU patch to the upgraded database. This normally means running
the catcpu.sql script.

After Upgrading a Database

Step 37:
Shutdown the database and startup the database.

% sqlplus '/as sysdba'


SQL> shutdown
SQL> startup restrict
Step 38:
Complete the Step 38 only if you upgraded your database from release 8.1.7
Otherwise skip to Step 40.

A) If you are not using N-type columns for user data, ie. the query
select distinct OWNER, TABLE_NAME
from DBA_TAB_COLUMNS
where DATA_TYPE in ('NCHAR','NVARCHAR2', 'NCLOB')
and OWNER not in ('SYS','SYSTEM','XDB');

did not return rows in Step 6 of this note then:

% sqlplus '/as sysdba'


SQL> shutdown immediate

and go to step 40.

B) IF your version 8 NLS_NCHAR_CHARACTERSET was UTF8:

You can look up your previous NLS_NCHAR_CHARACTERSET using this select:

select * from nls_database_parameters where parameter ='NLS_SAVED_NCHAR_CS';

then:

% sqlplus '/as sysdba'


SQL> shutdown immediate

and go to step 40.

C) IF you are using N-type columns for *user* data *AND* your previous NLS_NCHAR_CHARACTERSET was in the
following list:

JA16SJISFIXED , JA16EUCFIXED , JA16DBCSFIXED , ZHT32TRISFIXED


KO16KSC5601FIXED , KO16DBCSFIXED , US16TSTFIXED , ZHS16CGB231280FIXED
ZHS16GBKFIXED , ZHS16DBCSFIXED , ZHT16DBCSFIXED , ZHT16BIG5FIXED
ZHT32EUCFIXED

then the N-type columns *data* need to be converted to AL16UTF16:

To upgrade user tables with N-type columns to AL16UTF16 run the script utlnchar.sql:

% sqlplus '/as sysdba'


SQL> @utlnchar.sql
SQL> shutdown immediate;

go to step 40.

D) IF you are using N-type columns for *user* data *AND * your previous NLS_NCHAR_CHARACTERSET was *NOT* in
the following list:

JA16SJISFIXED , JA16EUCFIXED , JA16DBCSFIXED , ZHT32TRISFIXED


KO16KSC5601FIXED , KO16DBCSFIXED , US16TSTFIXED , ZHS16CGB231280FIXED
ZHS16GBKFIXED , ZHS16DBCSFIXED , ZHT16DBCSFIXED , ZHT16BIG5FIXED
ZHT32EUCFIXED
then import the data exported in point 8 of this note. The recommended NLS_LANG during import is simply the
NLS_CHARACTERSET, not the NLS_NCHAR_CHARACTERSET

After the import:

% sqlplus '/as sysdba'


SQL> shutdown immediate;

go to step 40.

Step 39:
If your database has TIMESTAMP WITH TIMEZONE data, you must update the data so that it is converted and stored
based on the new time zone rules that come with the upgrade. (Step 6).

If you used the export utility to export a copy of the affected tables, you should now use the import utility to import your data
from these tables back into your database. The import utility will update the timestamp data as it imports.

If you used the manual script method, you will need to update the affected timestamp data based on your backed up table.
For example, if you previously backed up your table, you need to run an update statement similar to the one below to
update your timestamp data.

UPDATE tztab t SET t.y =


(SELECT to_timestamp_tz(t1.y,'YYYY-MM-DD HH24.MI.SSXFF TZR')
FROM tztab_back t1
WHERE t.x=t1.x);

Step 40:
Now edit the init.ora:

- If you changed the value for NLS_LENGTH_SEMANTICS from CHAR to BYTE prior to the upgrade (see step 21), set it
back to CHAR. Otherwise, do not change the value of the parameter to CHAR without careful evaluation and testing.
Switching to CHAR semantics can break application code. See Note 144808.1 for further information about the usage of this
parameter.

- If you changed the value for CLUSTER_DATABASE from TRUE to FALSE prior to the upgrade, set it back to TRUE

Step 41:
Startup the database:
SQL> startup

Create a server parameter file with a initialization parameter file


SQL> create spfile from pfile;

This will create a spfile as a copy of the init.ora file located in the
$ORACLE_HOME/dbs directory.

Step 42:
Modify the listener.ora file:
For the upgraded intstance(s) modify the ORACLE_HOME parameter to point to the new ORACLE_HOME.

Step 43:
Start the listener
$ lsnrctl
LSNRCTL> start

Step 44:
Enable cron and batch jobs

Step 45:
Change oratab entry to use automatic startup
SID:ORACLE_HOME:Y

Step 46:
Upgrade the Oracle Cluster Registry (OCR) Configuration.
If you are using Oracle Cluster Services, then you must upgrade the Oracle Cluster Registry (OCR)keys for the database.

* Use srvconfig from the 10g ORACLE_HOME. For example:

% srvconfig -upgrade -dbname <db_name> -orahome <pre-10g_Oracle_home>

If the output from the $ORACLE_HOME/bin/ocrdump command references the pre-10g home, it may be necessary to do
the following:

From the pre-10g home, run the command:

% svrctl remove database -d <db_name>

From the 10g home, run the commands:

% srvctl add database -d <db_name> -o <10g_Oracle_home>


% srvctl add instance -d <db_name> -i <instance1_name> -n <node1>
% srvctl add instance -d <db_name> -i <instance2_name> -n <node2>

Step 47:

Use the DBMS_STATS package to gather new statistics for your user objects. Using statistics collected from a previous
Oracle version may lead CBO to generate less optimal execution plans.

References:

Note 114671.1 "Gathering Statistics for the Cost Based Optimizer"


Note 262592.1 "How to tune your Database after Migration/Upgrade"

Step 48:

Enterprise Manager Grid Control (EMGC) will show that the upgraded database does not have an inventory. To re-discover
the database, do the following:

1. Go to EMGC => Targets => Databases

2. Select the upgraded database and remove it

3. Click "Add", enter the name of the host and click "Continue" to allow EMGC to re-discover
the database in the correct home with the correct inventory

Useful Hints
** Upgrading With Read-Only and Offline Tablespaces

The Oracle database can read file headers created prior to Oracle 10g, so you do not need to do anything to them during
the upgrade. The only exception to this is if you want to transport tablespaces created prior to Oracle 10g, to another
platform. In this case, the file headers must be made read-write at some point before the transport. However, there are no
special actions required on them during the upgrade.

The file headers of offline datafiles are updated later when they are brought online, and the file headers of read-only
tablespaces are updated if and when they are made read-write sometime after the upgrade. In any other circumstance,
read-only tablespaces never have to be made read-write.

It is a good idea to OFFLINE NORMAL all tablespaces except for SYSTEM and those containing rollback/UNDO tablespace
prior to migration. This way if migration fails only the SYSTEM and rollback datafiles need to be restored rather than the
entire database.

Note: You must OFFLINE the TABLESPACE as migrate does not allow OFFLINE files in an ONLINE tablespace.

Note: If you are upgrading from Oracle9i, the CWMLITE tablespace (which contains OLAP objects) will need to be ONLINE
during the upgrade (so that the OLAP objects can be upgraded to 10g and moved to the SYSAUX tablespace)

** Converting Databases to 64-bit Oracle Database Software

If you are installing 64-bit Oracle Database 10g software but were previously using a 32-bit Oracle Database installation,
then the databases will automatically be converted to 64-bit during the upgrade to Oracle Database 10g except when
upgrading from Release 1 (10.1) to Release 2 (10.2).

The process is not automatic for the release 1 to release 2 upgrade, but is automatic for all other upgrades. This is because
the utlip.sql script is not run during the release 1 to release 2 upgrade to invalid all PL/SQL objects. You must run the
utlip.sql script as the last step in the release 10.1 environment, before upgrading to release 10.2.

** If error occurs while executing the catupgrd.sql

If an error occurs during the running of the catupgrd.sql script, once the problem is fixed you can simply rerun the
catupgrd.sql script to finish the upgrade process and complete the
the upgrade process.

Appendix A: Initialization Parameters Obsolete in 10g

ENQUEUE_RESOURCES
DBLINK_ENCRYPT_LOGIN
HASH_JOIN_ENABLED
LOG_PARALLELISM
MAX_ROLLBACK_SEGMENTS
MTS_CIRCUITS
MTS_DISPATCHERS
MTS_LISTENER_ADDRESS
MTS_MAX_DISPATCHERS
MTS_MAX_SERVERS
MTS_MULTIPLE_LISTENERS
MTS_SERVERS
MTS_SERVICE
MTS_SESSIONS
OPTIMIZER_MAX_PERMUTATIONS
ORACLE_TRACE_COLLECTION_NAME
ORACLE_TRACE_COLLECTION_PATH
ORACLE_TRACE_COLLECTION_SIZE
ORACLE_TRACE_ENABLE
ORACLE_TRACE_FACILITY_NAME
ORACLE_TRACE_FACILITY_PATH
PARTITION_VIEW_ENABLED
PLSQL_NATIVE_C_COMPILER
PLSQL_NATIVE_LINKER
PLSQL_NATIVE_MAKE_FILE_NAME
PLSQL_NATIVE_MAKE_UTILITY
ROW_LOCKING
SERIALIZABLE
TRANSACTION_AUDITING
UNDO_SUPPRESS_ERRORS

Appendix B: Initialization Parameters Deprecated in 10g

LOGMNR_MAX_PERSISTENT_SESSIONS
MAX_COMMIT_PROPAGATION_DELAY
REMOTE_ARCHIVE_ENABLE
SERIAL_REUSE
SQL_TRACE
BUFFER_POOL_KEEP (replaced by DB_KEEP_CACHE_SIZE)
BUFFER_POOL_RECYCLE (replaced by DB_RECYCLE_CACHE_SIZE)
GLOBAL_CONTEXT_POOL_SIZE
LOCK_NAME_SPACE
LOG_ARCHIVE_START
MAX_ENABLED_ROLES
PARALLEL_AUTOMATIC_TUNING
PLSQL_COMPILER_FLAGS (replaced by PLSQL_CODE_TYPE and PLSQL_DEBUG)

Known issues

1) While doing a upgrade from 9iR2 to 10.2.0.X.X, on running the utlu102i.sql script as directed in step 2
Its output informs to add streams_pool_size=50331648 to the init.ora file. While adding the parameter Oracle gives
streams_pool_size as invalid parameter.

STREAMS_POOL_SIZE, was introduced in release 10gR1. This message may be ignored for database version 9iR2 or
less

2) One of the customer has reported on keeping the shared_pool_size at 150 MB, catmeta.sql fails with insuffient shared
memory during the processing of view KU$_PHFTABLE_VI.

Please set the shared_pool_size at 200M.

3) While upgrade following error was encountered.


create or replace
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-06553: PLS-213: package STANDARD not accessible.
ORA-00955: name is already used by an existing object

Please make sure to set the following init parameters as below in the spfile/init file or comment them out to their default
values, at the time of upgrading the database.

PLSQL_V2_COMPATIBILITY = FALSE
PLSQL_CODE_TYPE = INTERPRETED # Only applicable to 10gR1
PLSQL_NATIVE_LIBRARY_DIR = ""
PLSQL_NATIVE_LIBRARY_SUBDIR_COUNT = 0

Refer to Note 170282.1 PLSQL_V2_COMPATIBLITY=TRUE causes STANDARD and DBMS_STANDARD to Error at


Compile

@
Always disconnect from the session which issues the STARTUP and connect as a fresh session before doing any further
SQL. eg: On upgrade to 10.2 startup the instance with the upgrade option, exit sqlplus , reconnect a fresh SQLPLUS
session as SYSDBA and then run the upgrade scripts.

Revision History

Support have been asked to include this new section in the note. It is not possible to provide a completely accurate revision
history because many changes have been made since the note was first created in 2005 but, now that this section exists,
Support will keep it up-to-date.

18-JUL-2005

Article created

31-JUL-2005

Article published

24-JAN-2007

- Explicitly set AQ_TM_PROCESSES=0 in init.ora (step 21)

29-JAN-2007

- V_$ and GV_$ views can be dropped (step 36)

03-DEC-2007

- Drop table XDB.MIGR9202STATUS from the OLD home (step 18)


- Full cold backup OR an online backup using RMAN (step 20)

05-FEB-2008

- Added reference to Note 406472.1 in the list of prerequisites


- N-type columns in tables owned by XDB can be ignored (step 6)
- Add workaround to ORA-1403 from utlu102i.sql (step 2)
- Added reference to Note 471479.1 in the list of prerequisites

27-FEB-2008

- Added some further commands to step 46


- Added a step about gathering new statistics (step 47)
- Added a reference to Note 407031.1 in step 2
- Added advice regarding ORA_NLS10 (step 29)
- Skip step 6 if upgrading from 9.x to 10.2
- Keep CWMLITE tablespace online (useful hints)
- Check that DBA_REGISTRY contains data (step 8)
- Added reference to Note 465951.1 in the list of prerequisites
- Use GATHER_SCHEMA_STATS in 8i and 9i (step 7)

18-APR-2008

- Added this “Revision History” section to the note


- Clarified when to set UNDO_MANAGEMENT=AUTO in step 21
- Added reference to Note 135090.1 in step 21
- Added reference to Note 293658.1 in the list of prerequisites
- Added reference to Note 316900.1 in the list of prerequisites
- Added reference to Note 466181.1 in the list of prerequisites
- Added reference to Note 557242.1 in the list of prerequisites
- Added some info to step 36 about running catcpu.sql if a CPU patch is applied to the home
- Explicitly set JOB_QUEUE_PROCESSES=0 in init.ora (step 21)
- Added a step about discovering the upgraded database in EMGC (step 48)

21-APR-2008

- Added a note suggesting that password complexity checking procedures are disabled (step 32)
- Added a warning about using NLS_LENGTH_SEMANTICS=CHAR (step 40)

29-SEP-2008
- Added reference to Note 565600.1 in the list of prerequisites
- Added reference to Note 603714.1 in the list of prerequisites
- Added reference to Note 456845.1 in step 33
- Clarified step 21

References
Note 135090.1 - Managing Rollback/Undo Segments in AUM (Automatic Undo Management)
Note 159657.1 - Complete Upgrade Checklist for Manual Upgrades from 8.X / 9.0.1 to Oracle9iR2 (9.2.0)
Note 170282.1 - PLSQL_V2_COMPATIBLITY=TRUE causes STANDARD and DBMS_STANDARD to Error at Compile
Note 263809.1 - Complete checklist for manual upgrades to 10gR1 (10.1.0.x)
Note 293658.1 - 10.1 or 10.2 Patchset Install Getting ORA-29558 JAccelerator (NCOMP) And ORA-06512
Note 316900.1 - ALERT: Oracle 10g Release 2 (10.2) Support Status and Alerts
Note 356082.1 - ORA-7445 [qmeLoadMetadata()+452] During 10.1 to 10.2 Upgrade
Note 406472.1 - Mandatory Patch 5752399 for 10.2.0.3 on Solaris 64-bit and Filesystems Managed By Veritas or Solstice
Disk Suite software
Note 407031.1 - ORA-01403 no data found while running utlu102i.sql/utlu102x.sql on 8174 database
Note 412271.1 - ORA-600 [22635] and ORA-600 [KOKEIIX1] Reported While Upgrading Or Patching Databases To 10.2.0.3
Note 456845.1 - UTLU102S.SQL May Show Different Results Than Select From DBA_REGISTRY
Note 465951.1 - ORA-600 [kcbvmap_1] or Ora-600 [Kcliarq_2] On Startup Upgrade Moving From a 32-Bit To 64-Bit Release
Note 466181.1 - 10g Upgrade Companion
Note 471479.1 - IOT Corruptions After Upgrade from COMPATIBLE <= 9.2 to COMPATIBLE >= 10.1
Note 557242.1 - Upgrade Gives Ora-29558 Error Despite of JAccelerator Has Been Installed
Note 565600.1 - ERROR IN CATUPGRD: ORA-00904 IN DBMS_SQLPA
Note 603714.1 - 10.2.0.4 Catupgrd.sql Fails With ORA-03113 Creating SYS.KU$_XMLSCHEMA_VIEW
Oracle Database Upgrade Guide 10g Release 2 (10.2) Part Number B14238-01
http://download.oracle.com/docs/cd/B19306_01/server.102/b14238/toc.htm