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The CNL Role in the Literature (by topic) Affirming the CNL Role The Case for CNLs:

Guiding Nursing Practice into the 21st Century Porter-O'Grady, T., Clark, J. S., & Wiggins, M. S. (2010). The Case for CNLs: Guiding Nursing Practice into the 21st Century. Nurse Leader 8(1), 37-41. DOI:10.1016/j.mnl.2009.11.002 Clinical Nurse Leaders as Agents of Change Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. (February 2009). Clinical Nurse Leaders as Agents of Change. The clinical nurse leader: A catalyst for improving quality and patient safety Stanley, J. M., Gannon, J., Gabuat, J., Hartranft, S., Adams, N., Mayes, C., et al. (2008). The clinical nurse leader: A catalyst for improving quality and patient safety. Journal of Nursing Management, 16(5), 614-622. Applying the CNL Role in Practice Opportunities for improving patient care through lateral integration: The clinical nurse leader Begun, J. W., Tornabeni, J., & White, K. R. (2006). Opportunities for improving patient care through lateral integration: The clinical nurse leader. Journal of Healthcare Management, 51(1), 19-25. Aimed at hospital administrators, this paper discusses the ways that the CNL role may vary across organizations, and encourages proactively shaping the CNL role to meet the needs of the practice setting. In this paper, the CNL role is seen as addressing the fragmentation of complex care, by assigning integration responsibilities to existing or new work roles, linking practice and education, and creating a patient-centered, rather than disciplined-centered system of care. Toward a qualified yes: Personal characteristics of postbaccalaureate nursing students and implementation of the clinical nurse leader role Dzurec, L. C., Allchin, L., Engler, A. J., Szarlan, J., Polifroni, E. C., & Brewer, T. (2006). Toward a qualified yes: Personal characteristics of postbaccalaureate nursing

students and implementation of the clinical nurse leader role. Journal of Professional Nursing, 22(1), 15-22. Implementing the clinical nurse leader role in a for-profit environment: A case study Gabuat, J., Hilton, N., Kinnaird, L. S., & Sherman, R. O. (2008). Implementing the clinical nurse leader role in a for-profit environment: A case study. Journal of Nursing Administration, 38(6), 302-307. Initiating and Sustaining the CNL Role: A Practical Guide Harris, J. & Roussel, L. (2010). Initiating and Sustaining the CNL Role: A Practical Guide. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Realizing the anticipated effects of the clinical nurse leader Hartranft, S. R., Garcia, T., & Adams, N. (2007). Realizing the anticipated effects of the clinical nurse leader. Journal of Nursing Administration, 37(6), 261-263. Day-in-the-life examples of the CNL role in 2 pilot units in an acute care setting. The clinical nurse leader role in diverse clinical settings Lammon, C. A., Stanton, M. P., & Blakney, J. L. (2010). Innovative partnerships: The clinical nurse leader role in diverse clinical settings. Journal of Professional Nursing, 26(5), 258-263. Clinical nurse leader--a new nursing role Miller, P. (2008). Clinical nurse leader--a new nursing role. Tennessee Nurse, 71(2), 4. One staff nurses personal journey of becoming a Clinical Nurse Leader. Pioneering a new role: The beginning, current practice and future of the clinical nurse leader Poulin-Tabor, D., Quirk, R. L., Wilson, L., Orff, S., Gallant, P., Swan, N., et al. (2008). Pioneering a new role: The beginning, current practice and future of the clinical nurse leader. Journal of Nursing Management, 16(5), 623-628. An overview of the history of the CNL role, a brief description of an RN to CNL education curriculum, followed by examples of the CNL role in practice at Maine Medical Center in Portland. The Role of the Clinical Nurse Leader in Promoting a Healthy Work Environment at the Unit Level

Sherman, R. O., Edwards, B., Giovengo, K., & Hilton, N. (2009). The Role of the Clinical Nurse Leader in Promoting a Healthy Work Environment at the Unit Level. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly, 32(4), 264 - 271. Application of the clinical nurse leader role in an acute care delivery model Smith, S. L., Manfredi, T., Hagos, O., Drummond-Huth, B., & Moore, P. D. (2006). Application of the clinical nurse leader role in an acute care delivery model. Journal of Nursing Administration, 36(1), 29-33. The clinical nurse leader: A comparative study of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing vision to role implementation Stanton, M. P., Barnett Lammon, C. A., & Williams, E. S. (2011). The clinical nurse leader: A comparative study of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing vision to role implementation. Journal of Professional Nursing, 27(2), 78-83. Implementing the clinical nurse leader role using the Virginia Mason production system Tachibana, C., & Nelson-Peterson, D. L. (2007). Implementing the clinical nurse leader role using the Virginia Mason production system. Journal of Nursing Administration, 37(11), 477-479. Defining the CNL Role White Paper on the Education and Role of the Clinical Nurse Leader. American Association of Colleges of Nursing. (February 2007). White Paper on the Education and role of the Clinical Nurse Leader. The clinical nurse leader--new nursing role with global implications Baernholdt, M., & Cottingham, S. (2011). The clinical nurse leader--new nursing role with global implications. International Nursing Review, 58(1), 74-78. Transition experience of four direct-entry master's students Bombard, E., Chapman, K., Doyle, M., Wright, D. K., Shippee-Rice, R. V., & Kasik, D. R. (2010). Answering the question, "What is a clinical nurse leader?": Transition experience of four direct-entry master's students. Journal of Professional Nursing, 26(6), 332-340. Confusion, concern, or complimentary function: The overlapping roles of the clinical nurse specialist and the clinical nurse leader

Goudreau, K. A. (2008). Confusion, concern, or complimentary function: The overlapping roles of the clinical nurse specialist and the clinical nurse leader. Nursing Administration Quarterly, 32(4), 301-307. The American Organization of Nurse Executives' guiding principles and American Association of Colleges of Nursing's clinical nurse leader: A lesson in synergy Haase-Herrick, K. S., & Herrin, D. M. (2007). The American Organization of Nurse Executives' guiding principles and American Association of Colleges of Nursing's clinical nurse leader: A lesson in synergy. Journal of Nursing Administration, 37(2), 55-60 AONEs early description of the CNL role, including a table which compares the AONEs Guiding Principles with the AACNs CNL core competencies and end-ofprogram competencies. The clinical nurse leader: A valued member of the healthcare team Harris, J. L., Tornabeni, J., & Walters, S. E. (2006). The clinical nurse leader: A valued member of the healthcare team. Journal of Nursing Administration, 36(10), 446-449. This paper uses a case study and The Joint Commissions tracer methodology to demonstrate the complimentary roles of the registered nurse, CNL, clinical nurse specialist, nurse practitioner, and nurse manager over the course of a patients care. Job Description for a Clinical Nurse Leader Job Description for a Clinical Nurse Leader. (August 2010). eHow.com Introducing the clinical nurse leader Kennedy, M. S. (2004). Introducing the clinical nurse leader. American Journal of Nursing, 104(10), 22. The clinical nurse leader: Transforming care in the microsystem Norris, T. L., & McKeon, L. (2008). The clinical nurse leader: Transforming care in the microsystem. Tennessee Nurse, 71(1), 10. Clinical nurse leader: A "go to person" Peters, M. A. (2007). Clinical nurse leader: A "go to person". Pennsylvania Nurse, 62(3), 17. AORN White Paper: Clinical Nurse Leader

Association of periOperative Registered Nurses (AORN). (November 2006).AORN White Paper: Clinical Nurse Leader. Defines the role, educational preparation and application in practice of the CNL in perioperative care settings. The clinical nurse leader: New role in nursing Sanford, J., Hall, P., & Roussel, L. (2007). The clinical nurse leader: New role in nursing. Mississippi RN, 69(1), 17. The Clinical Nurse Leader (CNL) Role The clinical nurse leader (CNL) role. (2005). Prairie Rose, 74(1), 9. A brief Q & A on the CNL role in a regional nursing journal. CNL Education and Practice Partnerships Health professionals for a new century: transforming education to strengthen health systems in an interdependent world Frenk, J., Chen, L., qar A Bhutta, Z., Cohen, J., Crisp, N., Evans, T., Fineberg, H., Garcia, P., Yang Ke, Kelley, P., Kistnasamy, B., Meleis, A., Naylor, D., PablosMendez, A., Reddy, S., Scrimshaw, S., Sepulveda, J., Serwadda, D., Zurayk, H. (2010). Health professionals for a new century: transforming education to strengthen health systems in an interdependent world. Lancet, 376: 192358. The CNL: A gateway to better care? Rusch, L., & Bakewell-Sachs, S. (2007). The CNL: A gateway to better care?. Nursing Management, 38(4), 32. This paper is notable for sharing an example of an education-practice partnership. Transforming the care delivery model in preparation for the clinical nurse leader Smith, D. S., & Dabbs, M. T. (2007). Transforming the care delivery model in preparation for the clinical nurse leader. Journal of Nursing Administration, 37(4), 157-160. An example of an organizations redesigned patient-care delivery model in anticipation of employing masters prepared CNLs. Diffusion of the clinical nurse leader innovation

Stanhope, M., & Turner, L. P. (2006). Diffusion of the clinical nurse leader innovation. Journal of Nursing Administration, 36(9), 385-389. Using GIS technology, the authors map the diffusion of the CNL in educational and practice settings across the United States. Implementing innovation through education-practice partnerships Stanley, J. M., Hoiting, T., Burton, D., Harris, J., & Norman, L. (2007). Implementing innovation through education-practice partnerships. Nursing Outlook, 55(2), 67-73. The power of partnership to shape the future of nursing: The evolution of the clinical nurse leader Tornabeni, J., & Miller, J. F. (2008). The power of partnership to shape the future of nursing: The evolution of the clinical nurse leader. Journal of Nursing Management, 16(5), 608-613. This paper highlights the importance of collaboration between education institutions and practice settings in shaping the CNL role. Improving Outcomes The clinical nurse leader: Promoting patient-centered outcomes Bowcutt, M., Wall, J., & Goolsby, M. J. (2006). The clinical nurse leader: Promoting patient-centered outcomes. Nursing Administration Quarterly, 30(2), 156-161. Clinical nurse leader impact on clinical microsystems outcomes Hix, C., McKeon, L., & Walters, S. (2009). Clinical nurse leader impact on clinical microsystems outcomes. Journal of Nursing Administration, 39(2), 71-76. This paper uses clinical outcome data to demonstrate positive impacts by CNLs in a Veterans Affairs health system setting. The clinical nurse leader (CNL): Staying at the bedside; filling in the gap; and impacting patient and staff outcomes Kupperschmidt, B. R., & Barnhouse, J. (2005). The clinical nurse leader (CNL): Staying at the bedside; filling in the gap; and impacting patient and staff outcomes. Oklahoma Nurse, 50(4), 16. The clinical nurse leader: Impact on practice outcomes in the veterans health administration

Ott, K. M., Haddock, K. S., Fox, S. E., Shinn, J. K., Walters, S. E., Hardin, J. W., et al. (2009). The clinical nurse leader: Impact on practice outcomes in the veterans health administration. Nursing Economics, 27(6), 363; Noe-370. Professional Issues The clinical nurse leader: A response from practice Drenkard, K. N. (2004). The clinical nurse leader: A response from practice. Journal of Professional Nursing, 20(2), 89-96. This paper is an early response to the AACN White Paper on the CNL role, and includes a comparison to a similar existing role, Team Coordinator, in one specific practice setting. Clinical nurse leader: Moving toward the future Drenkard, K., & Cohen, E. (2004). Clinical nurse leader: Moving toward the future. Journal of Nursing Administration, 34(6), 257-260. Written early in the history of the CNL role, this paper discusses the need for the nursing profession to be flexible and adaptable in its response to the changing health care system. The clinical nurse leader: New in name only Erickson, J. I., & Ditomassi, M. (2005). The clinical nurse leader: New in name only. Journal of Nursing Education, 44(3), 99-100. A guest editorial challenging the CNL role, including raising questions about how new-graduate nurses can act in the role of leader in practice settings, and how CNLs will find mentorship within the profession. AACN presents the clinical nurse leader and the doctor in nursing practice roles: A benefit or a misfortune? Grindel, C. (2005). AACN presents the clinical nurse leader and the doctor in nursing practice roles: A benefit or a misfortune? MEDSURG Nursing, 14(4), 209-210. The clinical nurse leader: An update on the controversial nursing role. Nelson, R. (2010). The clinical nurse leader: An update on the controversial nursing role. American Journal of Nursing, 110(1), 22-23. Clinical nurse leader: Another role--more confusion?

Parsons, L. C. (2005). Clinical nurse leader: Another role--more confusion?. Sci Nursing, 22(1), 41-43. !