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INDONESIA

Asian Development Bank (ADB)


Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2012
www.adb.org/statistics
1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

POPULATION
Total population a million; as of 1 July
Population density persons per square kilometer
Population annual change, percent
Urban population percent of total population

191.6
101
1.7
...

194.8
102
1.7
35.9

197.0
103
1.2
...

199.3
105
1.2
...

201.6
106
1.2
...

203.9
107
1.2
39.4

205.8
108
0.9
42.1

208.6
110
1.4
...

211.4
111
1.3
...

214.3
112
1.3
...

217.1
114
1.3
...

219.9
115
1.3
43.1

222.7
117
1.3

225.6
118
1.3

228.5
120
1.3

231.4
121
1.2

237.6
124
1.5
49.8

LABOR FORCE thousand; calendar year


Employed
Agriculture
Manufacturing
Mining
Others
Unemployed
Unemployment rate percent
Labor force annual change, percent
Labor force participation rate percent
Male
Female

85776
82039
37858
10841
741
32599
3738
4.4
5.3
58.0

86361
80110
35233
10127
643
34107
6251
7.2
0.7
...

90110
85702
37720
10773
774
36435
4408
4.9
4.3
66.9

89603
85406
34790
11009
875
38731
4197
4.7
-0.6
66.3

92735
87672
39415
9934
675
37648
5063
5.5
3.5
66.9
83.2
51.2

94847
88817
38378
11516
726
38197
6030
6.4
2.3
67.2
86.6
51.2

95651
89838
40677
11642
523
36997
5813
6.1
0.8
67.8
...
...

98812
90807
39744
12086
38977
8005
8.1
3.3
68.6
...
...

100779
91647
40634
12110
632
38272
9132
9.1
2.0
67.8
85.6
50.1

102631
92811
43042
11496
733
37540
9820
9.6
1.8
67.8
85.7
50.2

103973
93722
40608
11070
1035
41009
10251
9.9
1.3
67.6
86.0
49.2

105857
93958
41310
11953
904
39791
11899
11.2
1.8
66.8
84.9
48.4

106389
95457
40136
11890
924
42507
10932
10.3
0.5
66.2
84.2
48.1

109941
99930
41206
12369
995
45361
10011
9.1
3.3
67.0
83.7
50.3

111947
102553
41332
12549
1071
47601
9395
8.4
1.8
67.2
83.5
51.1

113833
104871
41612
12840
1155
49264
8963
7.9
1.7
67.2
83.7
51.0

116528
108208
41495
13824
1255
51634
8320
7.1
2.4
67.7
83.8
51.8

NATIONAL ACCOUNTS trillion Rupiah; calendar year


At Current Prices
GDP by industrial origin at current market prices
Agriculture
Mining
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, and water
Construction
Trade
Transport and communications
Finance b
Public administration
Others
Net factor income from abroad
GNI

382.2
66.1
33.5
89.2
4.6
28.0
63.9
27.4
34.5
22.8
12.3
-10.2
372.0

454.5
77.9
40.2
109.7
5.7
34.5
75.6
30.8
39.5
26.6
14.1
-13.4
441.1

532.6
88.8
46.1
136.4
6.9
42.0
87.1
34.9
44.0
29.8
16.5
-14.3
518.3

627.7
101.0
55.6
168.2
7.8
46.7
99.6
38.5
54.4
32.1
23.8
-18.4
609.3

955.8
172.8
120.3
238.9
11.3
61.8
146.7
51.9
69.9
40.6
41.4
-53.9
901.9

1099.7
215.7
109.9
285.9
13.4
67.6
175.8
55.2
71.2
56.7
48.2
-83.8
1016.0

1389.8
216.8
167.7
385.6
8.4
76.6
224.5
65.0
115.5
69.5
60.3
-92.2
1297.6

1646.3
251.7
181.8
478.3
10.9
93.8
265.0
77.2
135.4
81.9
70.4
-61.1
1585.3

1821.8
281.6
160.9
523.2
15.4
110.5
312.2
98.0
154.4
83.3
82.3
-54.5
1767.3

2013.7
305.8
167.6
568.9
19.1
125.3
335.1
118.9
174.1
101.6
97.2
-77.4
1936.3

2295.8
329.1
205.3
644.3
23.7
151.2
368.6
142.3
194.4
121.1
115.7
-105.4
2190.5

2774.3
364.2
309.0
760.4
26.7
195.1
431.6
180.6
230.5
135.1
141.1
-135.0
2639.3

3339.2
433.2
366.5
919.5
30.4
251.1
501.5
231.5
269.1
167.8
168.5
-142.3
3196.9

3950.9
541.9
440.6
1068.7
34.7
305.0
592.3
264.3
305.2
205.3
192.9
-162.5
3788.4

4948.7
716.7
541.3
1376.4
40.9
419.7
691.5
312.2
368.1
257.5
224.3
-175.9
4772.8

5606.2
857.2
592.1
1477.5
46.7
555.2
744.5
353.7
405.2
318.6
255.5
-196.2
5410.0

6436.3
985.4
718.1
1595.8
49.1
660.9
882.5
423.2
466.6
354.2
300.5
-181.0
6255.3

percent of GDP at current market prices


17.3
40.6
42.1

17.1
41.8
41.1

16.7
43.5
39.9

16.1
44.3
39.6

18.1
45.2
36.7

19.6
43.4
37.0

15.6
45.9
38.5

15.3
46.5
38.3

15.5
44.5
40.1

15.2
43.7
41.1

14.3
44.6
41.0

13.1
46.5
40.3

13.0
46.9
40.1

13.7
46.8
39.5

14.5
48.1
37.5

15.3
47.7
37.0

15.3
47.0
37.6

454.5
279.9
35.6

532.6
332.1
40.3

627.7
387.2
43.0

955.8
647.8
54.4

1099.7
813.2
72.6

1389.8
856.8
90.8

1646.3
1039.7
113.4

1821.8
1232.0
132.2

2013.7
1372.1
163.7

2295.8
1532.9
191.1

2774.3
1785.6
225.0

3339.2
2092.7
288.1

3950.9
2510.5
329.8

4948.7
3000.0
416.9

5606.2
3291.0
537.6

6436.3
3643.4
581.9

Structure of Output
Agriculture
Industry
Services

Expenditure on GDP at current market prices


Private consumption
Government consumption

382.2
228.1
31.0

INDONESIA
Asian Development Bank (ADB)
Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2012
www.adb.org/statistics
1994
105.4
13.3
101.3
97.0

1995
129.2
15.9
119.6
125.7

1996
157.7
5.8
137.5
140.8

1997
177.7
21.6
174.9
176.6

1998
243.0
-82.7
506.2
413.1

1999
221.5
-96.5
390.6
301.7

2000
275.9
33.3
569.5
423.3
-13.1

2001
323.9
47.2
642.6
506.4
-14.0

2002
354.0
36.0
595.5
480.8
-47.0

2003
392.8
122.7
613.7
465.9
-185.4

2004
515.4
36.9
739.6
632.4
-87.7

2005
655.9
40.0
945.1
830.1
-47.2

2006
805.8
42.4
1036.3
855.6
-70.4

2007
985.6
-1.1
1163.0
1003.3
-33.6

2008
1370.7
5.8
1475.1
1422.9
103.1

2009
1744.4
-7.3
1354.4
1197.1
-116.8

2010
2065.0
31.6
1584.7
1476.6
6.3

Structure of Demand percent of GDP at current market prices


Private consumption
59.7
Government consumption
8.1
Gross domestic capital formation
31.1
Exports of goods and services
26.5
Imports of goods and services
25.4
Statistical discrepancy

61.6
7.8
31.9
26.3
27.6

62.4
7.6
30.7
25.8
26.4

61.7
6.8
31.8
27.9
28.1

67.8
5.7
16.8
53.0
43.2

73.9
6.6
11.4
35.5
27.4

61.7
6.5
22.2
41.0
30.5
-0.9

63.2
6.7
22.5
39.0
30.8
-0.8

67.6
7.3
21.4
32.7
26.4
-2.6

68.1
8.1
25.6
30.5
23.1
-9.2

66.8
8.3
24.1
32.2
27.5
-3.8

64.4
8.1
25.1
34.1
29.9
-1.7

62.7
8.6
25.4
31.0
25.6
-2.1

63.5
8.3
24.9
29.4
25.4
-0.9

60.6
8.4
27.8
29.8
28.8
2.1

58.7
9.6
31.0
24.2
21.4
-2.1

56.7
9.1
32.5
24.6
23.0
0.1

354.6
59.3
33.3
82.6
3.7
25.9
59.5
25.2
30.9
22.8
11.5
-9.7
344.9

383.8
61.9
35.5
91.6
4.3
29.2
64.2
27.3
34.3
23.0
12.4
-11.9
371.9

413.8
63.8
37.7
102.3
4.9
32.9
69.5
29.7
36.4
23.3
13.3
-12.5
401.3

433.2
64.5
38.5
107.6
5.5
35.3
73.5
31.8
38.5
23.6
14.3
-15.5
417.8

376.4
63.6
37.5
95.3
5.6
22.5
60.1
27.0
28.3
21.9
14.6
-28.0
348.4

379.4 |
65.0 |
36.9 |
99.1 |
6.1 |
22.0 |
60.1 |
26.8 |
26.2 |
22.3 |
14.9 |
-22.1 |
357.2 |

1389.8
216.8
167.7
385.6
8.4
76.6
224.5
65.0
115.5
69.5
60.3
-92.2
1297.6

1440.4
223.9
168.2
398.3
9.1
80.1
233.3
70.3
123.3
70.2
63.8
-66.2
1374.2

1505.2
231.6
169.9
419.4
9.9
84.5
243.3
76.2
131.5
70.5
68.5
-56.4
1448.9

1577.2
240.4
167.6
441.8
10.3
89.6
256.5
85.5
140.4
71.1
74.0
-81.2
1495.9

1656.5
247.2
160.1
470.0
10.9
96.3
271.1
96.9
151.1
72.3
80.6
-80.5
1576.0

1750.8
253.9
165.2
491.6
11.6
103.6
293.7
109.3
161.3
73.7
87.1
-107.4
1643.4

1847.1
262.4
168.0
514.1
12.3
112.2
312.5
124.8
170.1
76.6
94.1
-113.9
1733.3

1964.3
271.5
171.3
538.1
13.5
121.8
340.4
142.3
183.7
80.8
100.9
-120.6
1843.8

2082.5
284.6
172.5
557.8
15.0
131.0
363.8
165.9
198.8
84.4
108.7
-96.6
1985.9

2178.9
295.9
180.2
570.1
17.1
140.3
368.5
192.2
209.2
88.7
116.8
-109.8
2069.0

2313.8
304.7
186.6
597.1
18.1
150.0
400.5
218.0
221.0
92.7
125.0
-93.0
2220.8

7.5
0.6
11.2
7.1

8.2
4.4
10.4
7.6

7.8
3.1
10.7
6.8

4.7
1.0
5.2
5.6

-13.1
-1.3
-14.0
-16.5

0.8
2.2
2.0
-1.0

4.9
1.9
5.9
5.2

3.6
3.3
2.7
4.9

4.5
3.4
4.3
5.2

4.8
3.8
3.8
6.4

5.0
2.8
3.9
7.1

5.7
2.7
4.7
7.9

5.5
3.4
4.5
7.3

6.3
3.5
4.7
9.0

6.0
4.8
3.7
8.7

4.6
4.0
3.6
5.8

6.2
3.0
4.9
8.4

354.6
208.1
30.4
98.6
14.8
97.0
94.3

383.8
234.2
30.9
112.4
15.9
104.5
114.0

413.8
257.0
31.7
128.7
5.9
112.4
121.9

433.2
277.1
31.7
139.7
3.3
121.2
139.8

376.4
260.0
26.8
93.6
-6.4
134.7
132.4

379.4 |
272.1 |
27.0 |
76.6 |
-9.6 |
91.9 |
78.5 |
|

1389.8
856.8
90.8
275.9
33.3
569.5
423.3
-13.1

1440.4
886.7
97.6
293.8
41.8
573.2
441.0
-11.8

1505.2
920.7
110.3
307.6
13.1
566.2
422.3
9.5

1577.2
956.6
121.4
309.4
46.0
599.5
428.9
-26.9

1656.5
1004.1
126.2
354.9
25.1
680.6
543.2
8.8

1750.8
1043.8
134.6
393.5
33.5
793.6
639.7
-8.5

1847.1
1076.9
147.6
403.7
29.0
868.3
694.6
16.2

1964.3
1130.8
153.3
441.4
-0.2
942.4
757.6
54.2

2082.5
1191.2
169.3
493.8
2.2
1032.3
833.3
27.0

2178.9
1249.1
195.8
510.1
-2.1
932.2
708.5
2.2

2313.8
1308.3
196.4
553.3
11.0
1074.6
831.4
1.6

Gross fixed capital formation


Increase in stocks
Exports of goods and services
Less: Imports of goods and services
Statistical discrepancy

At Constant Prices
GDP by industrial origin at 1993 | 2000 market prices
Agriculture
Mining
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, and water
Construction
Trade
Transport and communications
Finance b
Public administration
Others
Net factor income from abroad
GNI
Growth of Output
GDP
Agriculture
Industry
Services

annual change, percent

Expenditure on GDP at 1993 | 2000 market prices


Private consumption
Government consumption
Gross fixed capital formation
Increase in stocks
Exports of goods and services
Less: Imports of goods and services
Statistical discrepancy

INDONESIA
Asian Development Bank (ADB)
Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2012
www.adb.org/statistics
1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

7.8
2.3
16.7
9.9
20.3

12.6
1.3
13.1
7.7
20.9

9.7
2.7
4.9
7.6
6.9

7.8
0.1
6.3
7.8
14.7

-6.2
-15.4
-39.0
11.2
-5.3

4.6
0.7
-23.2
-31.8
-40.7

1.6
-0.9
12.9
26.5
25.9

3.5
7.6
8.6
0.6
4.2

3.8
13.0
-4.5
-1.2
-4.2

3.9
10.0
10.8
5.9
1.6

5.0
4.0
6.9
13.5
26.7

4.0
6.6
12.4
16.6
17.8

3.2
9.6
1.3
9.4
8.6

5.0
3.9
1.9
8.5
9.1

5.3
10.4
12.4
9.5
10.0

4.9
15.7
2.4
-9.7
-15.0

4.7
0.3
11.1
15.3
17.3

118.7
114.2
123.1
-10.2
1.3

145.1
127.9
139.1
-13.4
2.2

163.5
148.1
160.2
-14.3
2.2

199.3
181.3
197.6
-18.4
2.1

160.3
211.0
253.5
-53.9
11.4

125.0
142.4
213.9
-83.8
12.3

309.2
361.2
442.2
-92.2
11.2

371.1
441.8
493.3
-61.1
9.6

389.9
419.3
457.7
-54.5
16.2

515.5
416.5
477.9
-77.4
16.0

552.3
476.7
571.9
-105.4
10.2

695.8
675.2
763.7
-135.0
46.5

848.2
860.8
958.5
-142.3
44.5

984.6
994.8
1110.6
-162.5
46.7

1376.5
1408.0
1531.9
-175.9
52.0

1737.1
1629.0
1777.6
-196.2
47.6

2096.6
2072.0
2210.9
-181.0
42.1

30.6
28.1
31.9

30.1
27.8
30.7

31.5
28.9
31.8

26.5
22.1
16.8

19.5
13.0
11.4

31.8
26.0
22.2

30.0
26.8
22.5

25.1
23.0
21.4

23.7
20.7
25.6

24.9
20.8
24.1

27.5
24.3
25.1

28.7
25.8
25.4

28.1
25.2
24.9

31.0
28.5
27.8

31.7
20.2
31.0

34.4
23.7
32.6

1995
1942

2334
2265

2703
2631

3150
3058

4741
4474

5393
4983

6775
6326

7907
7614

8622
8364

9389
9028

10547
10063

12558
11946

14892
14258

17361
16647

21425
20663

23914
23077

27084
26322

PRODUCTION INDEXES period averages


Agriculture 1999 2001 = 100
Manufacturing 1993 | 2000 = 100

71.5
117.6

76.7
130.5

77.1
139.1

74.4
157.4

74.5
103.5

75.1
105.4

77.4
109.2 |

79.5
104.3

85.0
107.7

90.8
113.6

96.4
117.3

99.4
118.9

104.2
116.9

107.6
123.4

113.9
127.2

120.6
128.9

121.5
134.6

ENERGY annual values


Crude petroleum thousand metric tons
Production
Exports
Imports
Consumption

80274
53301
6699
35178

80521
53000
8151
36904

76250
38255
9350
39740

76000
38977
9126
44685

73315
36914
10473
45215

67588
35902
11497

70587
29226
11473

66856
32617
15397
42956

64774
29054
15880
43476

57424
26518
16817
50558

59805
23468
18930
50484

52882
21488
15650

49301
18128
14642

42641
18175
15147

48839
18235
12749

48452
17967
15304

Coal thousand metric tons


Production
Exports
Imports
Consumption

31238
24170
301
7871

39936
31570
644
5515

50332
31955
412
8030

55982
42134
385
6363

60321
48250
59
7674

70703
55206
198

77040
58460
140

92540
65281
30

103329
74178
20

114278
85681
38

132352
93759
97

152722
110790
98

193761
143633
111

216947
163000
68

240250
191430
107

255000
198000
69

275164
291171
58

2289298 2443600 2957081 2958693 3142689 3232249 3060900 2957201 3197732 2978773 2951031 2877910 2766081 2459522

Growth of Demand annual change, percent


Private consumption
Government consumption
Gross domestic capital formation
Exports of goods and services
Imports of goods and services
Investment Financing at Current Prices
Gross domestic capital formation
Gross national saving
Gross domestic saving
Net factor income from abroad
Net current transfers from abroad c

Savings and Investment percent of GDP at current market prices


Gross domestic saving
32.2
Gross national saving
29.9
Gross domestic capital formation
31.1
At Current Market Prices
Per capita GDP
Per capita GNI

Natural gas terajoules


Production

thousand Rupiah

INDONESIA
Asian Development Bank (ADB)
Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2012
www.adb.org/statistics

Exports
Imports
Consumption
Electricity million kilowatt-hours
Production
Consumption

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
1218046 1171428 1215550 1229297 1758730 1259540 1156862 1666663
27618
27614
26594

28
45
132
...
0
69
19
828566 1027139 1362335 1385723 648146
...
... 1178357 1594647 1654685 1293274

2005
24456
22

2006
23139
49

2007
21271
117

2008
20842
336

2009
22700
971

2010

50966
42964

54597
49629

65783
57000

70343
64295

74907
65359

84583
71735

92821
79170

101630
84520

111795
87089

113000
90441

120200
100097

107032

112610

121247

129019

134582

147297

700
360

700
360

700
360

700
360

1200
500

1000
500

1150
550

1450
865

1750
1510

1810
1650

1810
1650

4500
5180

4842
5114

7902
8114

6008
6368

157.4
151.1

215.2
107.8

172.3
171.1

239.7
118.4

185.9 |
187.4 |
185.2 |
258.0
128.7

106.2
107.2
105.5
281.7 |
144.9

168.3
194.3
151.0
80.5
253.9

202.5
242.5
177.3
88.9
289.9 |

221.4
249.0
190.2
100.0
100.0

249.2
267.1
213.4
113.0
114.3

274.1 |
296.0 |
251.7 |
118.0
121.0

106.8
100.8
270.6
122.0
127.7

113.3
106.8
114.5
131.0
138.6

125.1
117.4
125.8
151.0
158.5

141.5 |
134.7 |
140.6 |
171.6
180.8

100.0
100.0
100.0
195.3
201.1

109.8
116.9
107.2
245.6 |
237.6

115.1
125.1
111.3
162.7
257.3

121.0
136.9
114.8
170.6
278.0

Price Indexes annual change, percent


Consumer price index
Food price index
Wholesale price index
Implicit GDP deflator

8.5
10.9
5.4
7.8

9.5
13.2
11.4
9.9

7.9
9.5
7.6
8.7

6.2
7.2
9.2
12.6

58.5
81.3
101.8
75.3

20.3
24.8
10.5
14.2

9.3
2.7
12.5
9.6

12.5
7.3
13.0
14.3

10.0
10.8
4.4
5.9

6.8
0.8
3.4
5.5

6.1
5.9
7.4

10.5
10.0
15.3

13.1
14.8
13.6

6.4
11.4
13.8

9.8
16.9
25.8

4.8
7.0
-0.1

5.1
9.4
4.9

8.6

14.3

14.1

11.3

18.1

8.3

8.0

MONEY AND BANKING trillion Rupiah; as of end of period


Money supply (M1)
Currency in circulation
Demand deposits e
Quasi-money f
Money supply (M2)
Foreign assets (net)
Domestic credit
Claims on government sector (net)
Claims on private sector
Claims on other financial institutions
Other items g

45.4
18.6
26.7
129.1
174.5
25.3
149.2
-18.8
168.1

53.3
21.5
31.9
170.0
223.3
32.6
190.7
-26.3
217.0

64.1
22.5
41.6
224.5
288.6
50.6
286.7
-29.1
315.8

-48.8

78.3
28.4
49.9
277.3
355.6
68.0
407.3
-24.9
432.2

-119.6

101.2
41.4
59.8
476.2
577.4
141.7
553.9
-28.0
582.0

-118.2

124.6
58.4
66.3
521.6
646.2
129.1
649.8
397.3
252.6

-132.7

145.3
59.5
85.8
593.4
738.7
207.6
810.1
520.7
289.5

-279.0

177.7
76.3
101.4
666.3
844.1
234.0
858.9
529.7
329.2

-248.8

191.9
80.7
111.3
692.0
883.9
250.7
899.6
510.4
389.3

-266.4

223.8
94.5
129.3
731.9
955.7
271.8
946.7
479.9
466.8

-262.8

245.9
109.0
136.9
787.9
1033.9
253.3
1139.3
500.3
638.9

-358.6

271.1
124.0
147.1
931.6
1202.8
301.6
1271.3
495.7
775.7

-370.1

347.0
150.7
196.4
1035.5
1382.5
401.7
1382.8
507.3
875.4

-402.0

450.1
183.0
267.1
1199.6
1649.7
509.8
1587.8
507.1
1080.7

-448.0

456.8
209.7
247.0
1439.1
1895.8
593.1
1800.5
387.2
1413.2

-497.8

515.8
226.0
289.8
1625.6
2141.4
679.4
1968.3
429.4
1538.9

-506.4

605.4
260.2
345.2
1865.8
2471.2
865.1
2278.7
368.7
1910.0

-672.7

19.9
45.7

28.0
49.1

29.3
54.2

23.2
56.7

62.3
60.4

11.9
58.8

14.3
53.2

14.3
51.3

4.7
48.5

8.1
47.5

8.2
45.0

16.3
43.4

14.9
41.4

19.3
41.8

14.9
38.3

13.0
38.2

15.4
38.4

Retail prices Rupiah/liter


Gasoline, premium
Diesel
PRICE INDEXES period averages
Consumer d April 1988March 1989 | 1996 | 2002 | 2007 = 100
Food
Nonfood
Wholesale 1983 | 2000 | 2005 = 100
Implicit GDP deflator 1993 | 2000 = 100

Money supply (M2) annual change, percent


M2 percent of GDP at current market prices
Deposit Money Banks

INDONESIA
Asian Development Bank (ADB)
Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2012
www.adb.org/statistics

Demand deposits h
Savings deposits
Time deposits
Domestic credits outstanding i
Interest Rates percent per annum; period averages
On deposits
Savings
Time: 6 months j
12 months

1994
26.4
98.4

1995
31.5
130.9

1996
41.2
175.0

1997
49.5
186.3

1998
59.4
358.6

1999
65.1
408.6

2000
87.8
444.7

2001
99.7
511.6

210.7

259.0

315.7

408.4

540.3

514.0

716.9

13.3
13.0

17.0
16.3

16.8
16.7

17.0
15.9

36.8
28.3

14.3
22.4

8.9
13.3
12.2

112276
112276
112276
70934
41341

109302
109302
70943
38359

41333
-38359
2974

156470
156408
156408
102394
54014

62
172669
172669
117527
55142

38881
-55142
-16199

204432 |
204432 |
204432 |
112905 |
91528 |
|
|
231880 |
231880 |
149978 |
81902 |

54455 |
-81902 |
-27447 |

...
-4281
1307

1634
20998
-6433

-|
29388 |
-1941 |

18900
9554
-13461

30218
10267

GOVERNMENT FINANCE k billion Rupiah; fiscal year beginning 1 April | ending 31 December
Central Government
Total revenue and grants
66418
80427
87630
Total revenue
66418
80427
87630
Current revenue
66418
80412
87630
Taxes
57980
72829
57339
l
8439
7583
30290
Nontaxes
Capital receipts

15

Grants m
Total expenditure and net lending
62607
66723
82221
Total expenditure
62607
66723
82221
Current expenditure
34008
36037
46269
28599
30686
35952
Capital expenditure n
Net lending

Current surplus/deficit
32410
44375
41361
Capital account surplus/deficit
-28599 -30671 -35952
o
3811
10085
5409
Overall budgetary surplus/deficit
Financing
Domestic borrowing
-1495
-8408
...
Foreign borrowing
-2316
-1677
-4392

-1017
Use of cash balances p
Government Finance percent of GDP at current market prices
Total revenue
17.4
Taxes
15.2
Total expenditure
16.4
Overall budgetary surplus/deficit
1.0
EXTERNAL TRADE
Exports, fob
Imports, cif

730.2

2002
204.1
193.5
447.5
365.4

2003
224.8
244.4
433.1
437.9

2004
247.1
296.6
421.3
553.5

2005
227.6
284.5
564.1
749.5

2006
276.2
336.1
616.8
849.3

2007
355.3
443.3
664.3
1067.7

2008
359.3
503.1
819.8
1398.9

2009
413.7
603.3
894.3
1529.0

2010
483.9
714.5
1003.1
1896.7

9.2
16.2
15.5

9.0
13.8
15.3

5.1
8.3
10.4

4.5
7.1
7.1

4.3
10.2
11.0

4.8
10.7
11.6

3.5
7.7
8.2

3.3
10.3
10.4

3.0
7.9
9.6

3.9
7.2
7.9

204942 301077 300186


204942 300600 299886
204942 300600 299886
115788 185541 210953
89154 115059
88933

477
300
219936 341562 327863
219936 341562 327863
177342 218923 189069
42594 122639 138794

27600
81677 110817
-42594 -122639 -138794
-14993 -40485 -27677

341396
340928
340928
242048
98880

468
376505
376505
307258
69247

33670
-69247
-35109

403367
403105
403105
280559
122546

262
427176
427176
365726
61450

37379
-61450
-23809

495224
493919
493919
347031
146888

1305
509632
509632
476744
32889

17176
-32889
-14408

637987
636153
636153
409203
226950

1834
667129
667129
612177
54952

23976
-54952
-29142

707806
706108
706108
490989
215120

1698
757650
757650
693361
64289

12747
-64289
-49844

981609
979305
979305
658701
320605

2304
985731
985731
912958
72773

66347
-72773
-4121

848763 995272
847097 992249
847097 992249
619922 723307
227174 268942

1667
3023
937382 1042117
937382 1042117
861511 961830
75871
80287

-14414
30419
-75871 -80287
-88619 -46845

20561
7116
0

34562
548
-0

51866
-28057

21393
-10272
3287

55982
-26567
-274

69032
-26576
7387

102478
-18406
-79950

128133
-15550
-23964

96119
-4567
-44706

17.7
16.0
14.7
3.0

16.5
10.8
15.4
1.0

17.9
11.3
17.4
0.5

16.4
10.7
18.1
-1.7

18.6
10.3
21.1
-2.5

14.7
8.3
15.8
-1.1

18.3
11.3
20.7
-2.5

16.5
11.6
18.0
-1.5

16.9
12.0
18.7
-1.7

17.6
12.2
18.6
-1.0

17.8
12.5
18.4
-0.5

19.1
12.3
20.0
-0.9

17.9
12.4
19.2
-1.3

19.8
13.3
19.9
-0.1

15.1
11.1
16.7
-1.6

15.8
11.6
16.6
-0.7

45418
40654

49815
42929

53444
41680

48848
27337

48665
24003

62124
33515

56321
30962

57159
31289

61058
32551

71585
46525

85660
57701

100799
61066

114101
74473

137020
129197

116510
96829

157779
135663

million US Dollars; calendar year


40053
31989

INDONESIA
Asian Development Bank (ADB)
Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2012
www.adb.org/statistics
1994
8070

1995
4789

1996
6886

1997
11764

1998
21511

1999
24662

2000
28609

2001
25359

2002
25870

2003
28508

2004
25060

2005
27959

2006
39733

2007
39627

2008
7823

2009
19681

2010
22116

8.8
12.9

13.4
27.1

9.7
5.6

7.3
-2.9

-8.6
-34.4

-0.4
-12.2

27.7
39.6

-9.3
-7.6

1.5
1.1

6.8
4.0

17.2
42.9

19.7
24.0

17.7
5.8

13.2
22.0

20.1
73.5

-15.0
-25.1

35.4
40.1

Direction of Trade million US Dollars; calendar year


Exports, total
1. Japan
2. China, People's Rep. of
3. United States
4. Singapore
5. Korea, Rep. of
6. India
7. Malaysia
8. Australia
9. Thailand
10. Netherlands

40085
10929
1322
5829
4150
2593
278
738
705
401
1323

45479
12288
1742
6322
3767
2917
381
987
915
703
1452

49910
12885
2057
6795
4565
3281
531
1110
1202
823
1667

53454
12485
2229
7154
5468
3462
690
1357
1517
848
1842

48863
9116
1832
7046
5718
2568
723
1358
1533
943
1512

48671
10397
2009
6908
4931
3320
924
1336
1485
813
1544

62139
14415
2768
8489
6562
4318
1151
1972
1519
1026
1837

56336
13010
2201
7761
5364
3772
1054
1779
1845
1064
1498

57169
12045
2903
7570
5349
4107
1302
2030
1924
1227
1618

61075
13604
3803
7386
5400
4324
1742
2364
1792
1393
1401

71588
15962
4605
8787
6001
4830
2171
3016
1887
1976
1798

85660
18049
6662
9889
7837
7086
2878
3431
2228
2246
2234

100842
21732
8344
11259
8930
7694
3391
4111
2771
2702
2518

114112
23633
9676
11644
10502
7583
4944
5096
3395
3054
2749

137022
27744
11637
13080
12862
9117
7163
6433
4111
3661
3926

116510
18575
11499
10889
10263
8145
7433
6812
3264
3234
2909

157791
25782
15693
14302
13723
12575
9915
9362
4244
4567
3722

Imports, total
1. Singapore
2. China, People's Rep. of
3. Japan
4. Malaysia
5. United States
6. Korea, Rep. of
7. Thailand
8. Saudi Arabia
9. Australia
10. India

32041
1877
1369
7740
579
3588
2166
406
680
1542
318

40630
2367
1495
9217
2595
4756
2451
737
943
2016
479

42902
2875
1598
8504
823
5060
2411
1095
665
2535
866

41717
3411
1518
8252
865
5444
2322
867
588
2427
697

27362
2543
906
4292
627
3523
1528
842
515
1761
293

24004
2526
1242
2913
606
2841
1330
933
971
1460
275

33518
3789
2022
5397
1131
3393
2083
1109
1598
1694
525

30964
3147
1843
4689
1005
3210
2209
986
1314
1814
486

31293
4100
2427
4409
1037
2644
1647
1191
1104
1587
638

32556
4155
2957
4228
1138
2702
1528
1702
1498
1648
666

46528
6083
4101
6082
1682
3236
1943
2772
1967
2215
1102

57714
9471
5843
6906
2149
3886
2869
3447
2712
2567
1052

61073
10035
6637
5516
3193
4066
2876
2983
3384
2986
1407

74484
9840
8558
6527
6412
4798
3197
4287
3373
3004
1610

129274
21790
15249
15129
8923
7898
6926
6336
4805
4005
2905

96968
15550
14002
9844
5688
7094
4742
4613
3136
3436
2209

135691
20241
20424
16966
8649
9416
7703
7471
4361
4099
3295

-6431 -7660 |
6533
5948 |
47454 50188 |
-40921 -44240 |
-13945 -14545 |
6775
7810 |
-20720 -22355 |
981
937 |
651
796 |
330
141 |
...
|

-5001
10074
56298
-46223
-15800
...
...
725
725

...

4097
18428
50370
-31942
-15471
6389
-21860
1139
1466
-327
...

5783
20642
51242
-30598
-16425
6490
-22915
1564
1914
-350
...

7991
25043
65406
-40366
-18374
7672
-26046
1324
1816
-492
...

6900
22696
57364
-34669
-16731
7504
-24235
935
1520
-585
...

7822
23513
59165
-35652
-17429
7981
-25410
1740
2210
-470
...

8106
24563
64109
-39546
-18325
6347
-24672
1869
2053
-184
...

1564
20152
70767
-50615
-19728
14040
-33769
1139
2433
-1294
...

278
17534
86995
-69462
-22049
15264
-37313
4793
5993
-1200
333

10859
29660
103528
-73868
-23664
14107
-37771
4863
6079
-1216
350

Trade balance
External Trade
Exports
Imports

annual change, percent

BALANCE OF PAYMENTS q
Current account
Balance on goods
Exports
Imports
Services and income
Credit
Debit
Current transfers
Private | Credit
Official | Debit
Capital account

million US Dollars; calendar year


-2790
7901
40223
-32322
-11310
6072
-17382
619
449
170
...

10491
126
32753
22916
118014 139606
-85261 -116690
-27366 -28154
15957
18838
-43322 -46992
5104
5364
6801
7352
-1697
-1989
547
294

10628
5144
30932
30627
119646 158074
-88714 -127447
-24881 -30113
15077
18655
-39957 -48769
4578
4630
7241
7571
-2663
-2941
96
50

INDONESIA
Asian Development Bank (ADB)
Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2012
www.adb.org/statistics
1994
3559
1500
3877
-1818
-243
526

-526

1995
10140
3742
4100
2298
-2193
1516
-3
-1513

1996
10789 |
5594 |
5005 |
190 |
1322 |
4451 |
|
-4451 |

1997
-495
4677
-2632
-2540
-1453
-6949

6949

1998
-9633
-241
-1878
-7514
2123
-3417

3417

1999
-5943
-1865
-1792
-2286
2080
1919

-1919

2000
-7896
-4551
-1911
-1434
3822
3918

-3918

2001
-7618
-2977
-245
-4396
714
-3

2002
-1103
145
1222
-2470
-1692
5027

-5027

2003
-950
-597
2251
-2604
-3503
3653

-3653

2004
1852
-1512
4409
-1045
-3106
309

-309

2005
12
5271
4190
-9449
-179
444

-444

2006
2675
2188
4277
-3790
625
14510

-14510

2007
3045
2253
5567
-4775
-1368
12715

-12715

2008
-2126
3419
1764
-7309
-238
-1945

1945

2009
4756
2628
10336
-8208
-2975
12506

-12506

2010
26571
11106
13202
2262
-1480
30285

-30285

Balance of Payments percent of GDP at current market prices


Exports
22.7
Imports
-18.3
Balance on goods
4.5
Current account balance
-1.6
Overall balance
0.3

23.5
-20.2
3.2
-3.2
0.8

22.1
-19.5
2.6
-3.4
2.0

26.1
-21.4
4.7
-2.3
-3.2

52.8
-33.5
19.3
4.3
-3.6

36.6
-21.9
14.7
4.1
1.4

39.6
-24.5
15.2
4.8
2.4

35.8
-21.6
14.1
4.3
-0.0

30.2
-18.2
12.0
4.0
2.6

27.3
-16.8
10.5
3.5
1.6

27.6
-19.7
7.8
0.6
0.1

30.4
-24.3
6.1
0.1
0.2

28.4
-20.3
8.1
3.0
4.0

27.3
-19.7
7.6
2.4
2.9

27.4
-22.9
4.5
0.0
-0.4

22.2
-16.6
5.6
1.9
2.3

22.4
-18.0
4.4
0.9
4.3

INTERNATIONAL RESERVES million US Dollars; as of end of period


Total
13199
Gold, national valuation
1067
Foreign exchange
11820
312
Reserve position in the Fund
0
SDRs

14787
1079
13306
401
1

19281
1030
17820
429
2

17396
809
16088

499

23517
803
22401
0
312

27257
812
26245
200
0

29268
766
28280
190
32

28018
772
27048
183
16

32047
1077
30754
198
19

36253
1291
34742
216
4

36303
1351
34724
226
2

34731
1590
32926
208
7

42588
1485
40866
219
18

56925
1948
54737
230
9

51641
2044
49339
224
34

66119
2556
60572
228
2763

96211
3303
89970
224
2714

2200
2161

2308
2249

2383
2342

4650
2909

8025
10014

7085
7855

9595
8422

10400
10261

8940
9311

8465
8577

9290
8939

9830
9705

9020
9159

9419
9141

10950
9699

9400
10390

8991
9090

EXTERNAL INDEBTEDNESS million US Dollars; as of end of year


Total debt outstanding and disbursed
107809
Long-term debt
88352
Public and publicly guaranteed
63911
Private nonguaranteed
24441
Short-term debt
19457
Use of IMF credit

124389
98422
65299
33123
25966

128989
96758
60064
36694
32230

136322
100487
56018
44469
32865
2970

151467
122264
67536
54728
20113
9090

151461
121183
73918
47265
20029
10248

143344
110818
69649
41169
21688
10838

132047
102903
68497
34405
20031
9113

127790
101303
71276
30026
17626
8861

133424
103672
73918
29754
19477
10276

137117
105407
71860
33546
22024
9686

134347
117506
74242
43264
9034
7807

125343
115359
70536
44822
9984

133847
118399
72015
46384
15448

147622
127134
79751
47383
20488

162850
138801
85967
52834
24050

179064
147809
91024
56785
31255

62.6
82.0
8.3
31.0

63.4
79.1
10.2
30.3

58.3
75.0
7.6
37.1

65.1
73.7
8.6
30.3

168.2
80.7
7.0
32.3

117.1
80.0
7.7
30.6

95.4
77.3
7.7
22.7

92.1
77.9
9.0
23.9

74.1
79.3
10.2
25.1

59.1
77.7
12.4
26.2

56.0
76.9
12.0
24.2

49.4
87.5
18.7
19.8

35.9
92.0
15.0
24.0

32.3
88.5
11.7
17.9

30.0
86.1
9.6
13.5

31.3
85.2
7.8
18.5

26.1
82.5
7.6
16.6

8950
4173

10198
4936

14897
5115

13011
5117

11204
5602

11711
4600

9268
5673

7853
4538

10518
3119

12896
3407

14588
3913

15746
2933

16426
3416

18811
4996

16703
4461

20419
4301

23963
4944

Financial account
Direct investment
Portfolio investment
Other investment
Net errors and omissions
Overall balance
Allocation/cancellation of SDR
Reserves and related items

EXCHANGE RATES Rupiah per US Dollar


End of period
Average of period

External debt percent of GNI


Total long-term debt percent of total debt
Short-term debt percent of total debt
Debt service percent of exports of goods and services
Debt service million US Dollars; transactions during the year
Principal repayments on long-term debt
Interest on long-term debt

INDONESIA
Asian Development Bank (ADB)
Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2012
www.adb.org/statistics

Interest on short-term debt


Average terms of new commitments
Interest percent per annum
Maturity years
Grace period years
Grant element percent

1994
1142

1995
1284

1996
1533

1997
1610

1998
1324

1999
989

2000
1157

2001
863

2002
600

2003
638

2004
731

2005
91

2006
109

2007
117

2008
210

2009
159

2010
391

5.2
20.7
5.5
31.9

5.7
18.2
5.1
27.2

5.5
19.8
6.0
30.1

5.5
18.6
4.6
27.4

4.4
19.8
5.1
35.7

3.4
18.4
5.5
41.8

4.2
19.0
6.0
39.7

3.8
27.1
3.5
43.6

3.3
21.0
4.2
42.0

2.3
22.6
3.4
48.4

3.4
18.6
6.4
42.8

5.6
18.5
10.0
29.2

5.5
23.4
12.2
33.8

3.8
25.7
12.8
46.9

4.3
19.2
11.9
37.5

3.9
18.2
6.1
36.0

2.3
17.8
8.4
53.1

= Data not available at cutoff date, = Magnitude equals zero, | = Marks break in series, 0 or 0.0 = Magnitude is less than half of unit employed.
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
l
m
n
o
p
q

Projections based on census/survey figures, except for 1995 and 2005, which are the actual figures from intercensal population survey, and 2010, which is the
actual population census figure.
Includes ownership of dwellings.
Derived from balance of payments data.
For 1994 to 1996, data refer to CPI for 27 cities; 1997 to 2002, 43 cities; 20032007, 45 cities; and for 2008 onward, 66 cities.
Refers to current accounts, transfer, and mature time and savings deposits in rupiah, held by residents with the monetary system.
Figures for 2004 onward include securities other than shares.
Includes import deposits and other items (net).
Shown in the consolidated balance sheets of commercial banks.
Refers to claims of public sector, private enterprises, and individuals.
Refers to time deposits in deposit money banks (weighted average).
For 2000, data covers 9 months beginning 1 April to 31 December.
Includes surplus on petroleum sales until 1996.
Prior to 1996, grants were included in foreign borrowings.
For 2001, data include balanced funds amounting to Rp82,400.4 billion.
Figures exclude nonbudgetary surplus/deficit, hence the item refers to overall budgetary surplus/deficit. Data for net lending are not available but for fiscal year
1995/1996, item refers to overall surplus/deficit after deducting net lending.
Refers to surplus/deficit financing.
Data prior to 1997 followed the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual (BPM4) and BPM5 thereafter.

Sources:
Population

Urban Population

For 19941999, 20022011: Statistics Indonesia (BPS). Official communication, 8 May 2012; past
communication.
For 20002001: Bank Indonesia (BI). Official communication, 2 May 2005; past communication.
BPS. Official communication, 22 June 2007; official website: http://www.bps.go.id; Welfare
Indicators, 1999 ; past issues.

INDONESIA
Asian Development Bank (ADB)
Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2012
www.adb.org/statistics
1994
Labor Force
Labor Force Participation Rate
National Accounts

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

BPS. Official communication, 8 May 2012; past communication.


For 1994: BPS. Statistik Dalam 50 Tahun Indonesia Merdeka 1995.
BPS. Official communication, 8 May 2012; past communication; National Income of Indonesia ,
19961999.

Production Indexes
Agriculture

Food and Agriculture Organization. FAOSTAT. http://faostat.fao.org/site/612/default.aspx#ancor


(downloaded May 2012).

Manufacturing

BPS. Official communication, 8 May 2012; past communication; official website:


http://www.bps.go.id; Economic Indicators, February 1999; past issues.

Energy
Crude Petroleum

For 19941997: BI. Official communication, 1 April 1998.


For 19982009: BPS. Official communication, 2 May 2011; past communication.
Consumption:
For 20012004: United Nations (UN). Energy Statistical Yearbook 2004.

Coal

BPS. Official communication, 2 May 2011; past communication.

Natural Gas

For 19941995: UN. Energy Statistical Yearbook 1995; past issues.


For 19962009: BPS. Official communication, 28 April 2009; past communication.
Consumption:
For 19941995, 1998, and 20012004: UN. Energy Statistical Yearbook 2004; past issues.

Electricity

For 19941996: BI. Official communication, 23 May 2001; past communication.


For 19972002 and 20052009: BPS. Official communication, 2 May 2011; past communication;
official website: http://www.bps.go.id.
For 20032004: PT PLN (Persero). Official website: http://www.pertamina.com.

Retail Prices

For 19942001: BPS. Official communication, 2 May 2005; past communication.


For 20022006: PT Pertamina (Persero). Official website: http://www.pertamina.com.
For 20072008: Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources. Official website: http://www.esdm.go.id.

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

INDONESIA
Asian Development Bank (ADB)
Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2012
www.adb.org/statistics

Price Indexes

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
For 19941995 and 19982011: BPS. Official communication, 8 May 2012; past communication;
official website: http://www.bps.go.id; Statistical Yearbook 1998; past issues.
For 19961997: BI. Official communication, 30 April 2002.

Money and Banking

BI. Official communication, 20 April 2012; past communication.

Government Finance

For 1994 and 19962010: BI. Official communication, 20 April 2012; past communication.
For 1995: BPS. Official communication, 9 April 1999.

External Trade

Direction of Trade

BPS. Official communication, 8 May 2012; past communication; Economic Indicators, February
1999; past issues.
International Monetary Fund (IMF). Direction of Trade Statistics CD-ROM, May 2012.

Balance of Payments

BI. Official communication, 20 April 2012; past communication.

International Reserves
Exchange Rates

IMF. International Financial Statistics CD-ROM, May 2012.

External Indebtedness

World Bank. World Development Indicators & Global Development Finance.


http://databank.worldbank.org/ddp/home.do?Step=12&id=4&CNO=2 (downloaded May 2012).

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011
241.6
127
1.7

117370
109670
39329
14542
1465
54334
7700
6.6
0.7
68.3
84.3
52.4

7427.1
1093.5
886.2
1803.5
55.7
756.5
1022.1
491.2
535.0
432.1
351.2
-211.7
7215.4

14.7
47.2
38.1
7427.1
4053.4
667.4

2011
2378.3
55.6
1955.4
1850.5
167.5

54.6
9.0
32.8
26.3
24.9
2.3

2463.2
313.7
189.2
634.2
18.9
160.1
437.3
241.3
236.1
97.7
134.7
-96.5
2366.8

6.5
3.0
5.3
8.5
2463.2
1369.9
202.6
602.1
21.9
1220.4
942.2
-11.5

2011

4.7
3.2
10.6
13.6
13.3

2433.9
2531.5
2706.3
-211.7
36.9

36.4
26.7
32.8

30813
29935

142.1

2011

127.4
148.6
120.2
183.3
301.5

5.4
8.5
7.4
8.5

723.0
307.8
415.2
2154.2
2877.2
912.2
2735.0
351.2
2383.8

-770.0
16.4
38.7

2011
568.4
864.6
1122.0
2370.1

2.3
7.2
7.1

1209034
1204233
1204233
873871
330361

4802
1294851
1294851
1177663
117188

26570
-117188
-85817
148626
-17556
-45253

16.2
11.8
17.4
-1.2

203497
177436

2011
26061

29.0
30.8

203501
33715
22941
16498
18444
16389
13336
10996
5583
5897
5132
177451
25965
26212
19437
10405
10834
13000
10405
5427
5177
4322

2070
35347
201472
-166125
-37489
23009
-60499
4212
7636
-3423
1

2011
14017
10437
4198
-618
-4232
11856

-11856

23.8
-19.6
4.2
0.2
1.4

110137
3598
103611
223
2704

9068
8770

18643
5149

2011

2011

2011