Sie sind auf Seite 1von 28

WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM

vmmiLl

MACV

WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM vmmiLl MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET

_

c.1

WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM vmmiLl MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET

IL

53

RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF

vmmiLl MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED
vmmiLl MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED
vmmiLl MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED
vmmiLl MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED
vmmiLl MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED
vmmiLl MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED
vmmiLl MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED
vmmiLl MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED
vmmiLl MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED
vmmiLl MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED
vmmiLl MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED
vmmiLl MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED
vmmiLl MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED
vmmiLl MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED

NOV23 1966

MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED EXPLOSIVE
MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED EXPLOSIVE
MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED EXPLOSIVE
MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED EXPLOSIVE
MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED EXPLOSIVE
MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED EXPLOSIVE
MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED EXPLOSIVE
MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED EXPLOSIVE
MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED EXPLOSIVE
MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED EXPLOSIVE
MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED EXPLOSIVE
MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED EXPLOSIVE
MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED EXPLOSIVE
MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED EXPLOSIVE
MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED EXPLOSIVE
MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED EXPLOSIVE
MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED EXPLOSIVE
MACV _ c.1 IL 53 RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED EXPLOSIVE

COUNTERINSURGENCY

RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED EXPLOSIVE MINES AND BOQBY TRAPS
RELEASEABLETO FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED EXPLOSIVE MINES AND BOQBY TRAPS

LESSONS

FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED EXPLOSIVE MINES AND BOQBY TRAPS (U)
FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED EXPLOSIVE MINES AND BOQBY TRAPS (U)
FWMAFVANDRVNAF NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED EXPLOSIVE MINES AND BOQBY TRAPS (U)

WET CONG IMPRdVlSED

EXPLOSIVE

NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED EXPLOSIVE MINES AND BOQBY TRAPS (U) MODIFIEDHAND1I N6

MINES AND BOQBY TRAPS (U)

NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED EXPLOSIVE MINES AND BOQBY TRAPS (U) MODIFIEDHAND1I N6
NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED EXPLOSIVE MINES AND BOQBY TRAPS (U) MODIFIEDHAND1I N6

MODIFIEDHAND1I N6 AU1

NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED EXPLOSIVE MINES AND BOQBY TRAPS (U) MODIFIEDHAND1I N6
NOV 23 1966 COUNTERINSURGENCY LESSONS WET CONG IMPRdVlSED EXPLOSIVE MINES AND BOQBY TRAPS (U) MODIFIEDHAND1I N6

WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM

WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM
WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM
WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM
WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM
WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM
WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM

WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM

WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM MODIFIED HANDLING AUTHORIZED HEADQUARTERS UNITEDSTATESMILITARY ASSISTANCECOMMAND,VIETNAM APOSan
WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM MODIFIED HANDLING AUTHORIZED HEADQUARTERS UNITEDSTATESMILITARY ASSISTANCECOMMAND,VIETNAM APOSan
WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM MODIFIED HANDLING AUTHORIZED HEADQUARTERS UNITEDSTATESMILITARY ASSISTANCECOMMAND,VIETNAM APOSan
WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM MODIFIED HANDLING AUTHORIZED HEADQUARTERS UNITEDSTATESMILITARY ASSISTANCECOMMAND,VIETNAM APOSan
WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM MODIFIED HANDLING AUTHORIZED HEADQUARTERS UNITEDSTATESMILITARY ASSISTANCECOMMAND,VIETNAM APOSan

MODIFIED

HANDLING

AUTHORIZED

WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM MODIFIED HANDLING AUTHORIZED HEADQUARTERS UNITEDSTATESMILITARY ASSISTANCECOMMAND,VIETNAM APOSan

HEADQUARTERS UNITEDSTATESMILITARY ASSISTANCECOMMAND,VIETNAM

HEADQUARTERS UNITEDSTATESMILITARY ASSISTANCECOMMAND,VIETNAM APOSan Francisco 96243 MCJ343 29 September 1966

APOSan Francisco

96243

ASSISTANCECOMMAND,VIETNAM APOSan Francisco 96243 MCJ343 29 September 1966 SUBJECT:

MCJ343

29 September 1966

SUBJECT:

Counterinsurgency

Lessons Learned No $3 (Revised):

Viet

Cong Improvised

Explosive

Mines and Booby Traps (U)

Cong Improvised Explosive Mines and Booby Traps (U) SEEDISTRIBUTION 1. Attached as an inclosure is a

SEEDISTRIBUTION

Explosive Mines and Booby Traps (U) SEEDISTRIBUTION 1. Attached as an inclosure is a revised

1.

Attached

as an inclosure

is

a revised

edition

of Lessons Learned

No 53.

This

issue

of Lessons Learned supersedes Lessons Learned No 53

dated 6 December 1965.

 
Lessons Learned No 53 dated 6 December 1965.   and booby trap techniques than its predecessor
Lessons Learned No 53 dated 6 December 1965.   and booby trap techniques than its predecessor
Lessons Learned No 53 dated 6 December 1965.   and booby trap techniques than its predecessor

and booby trap techniques than its predecessor based on recently acquired

intelligence on this subject.

previous issue rather

In

this

respect

it

is

an expansion of the

than a change.

2. This publication

is

a more complete treatment

of Viet

Gong mine

FORTHECOHKANDER:

a more complete treatment of Viet Gong mine FORTHECOHKANDER: 1 Incl 'E. W. CANNON as Major,
a more complete treatment of Viet Gong mine FORTHECOHKANDER: 1 Incl 'E. W. CANNON as Major,

1 Incl

'E.

W. CANNON

as

Major,

Asat AC

AGC

DISTRIBUTION

(see

pages 9 & 10 of

Incl

1)

FORTHECOHKANDER: 1 Incl 'E. W. CANNON as Major, Asat AC AGC DISTRIBUTION (see pages 9 &
FORTHECOHKANDER: 1 Incl 'E. W. CANNON as Major, Asat AC AGC DISTRIBUTION (see pages 9 &
FORTHECOHKANDER: 1 Incl 'E. W. CANNON as Major, Asat AC AGC DISTRIBUTION (see pages 9 &
FORTHECOHKANDER: 1 Incl 'E. W. CANNON as Major, Asat AC AGC DISTRIBUTION (see pages 9 &

ORIZE D

FORTHECOHKANDER: 1 Incl 'E. W. CANNON as Major, Asat AC AGC DISTRIBUTION (see pages 9 &
FORTHECOHKANDER: 1 Incl 'E. W. CANNON as Major, Asat AC AGC DISTRIBUTION (see pages 9 &

-

FORTHECOHKANDER: 1 Incl 'E. W. CANNON as Major, Asat AC AGC DISTRIBUTION (see pages 9 &
FORTHECOHKANDER: 1 Incl 'E. W. CANNON as Major, Asat AC AGC DISTRIBUTION (see pages 9 &
FORTHECOHKANDER: 1 Incl 'E. W. CANNON as Major, Asat AC AGC DISTRIBUTION (see pages 9 &
FORTHECOHKANDER: 1 Incl 'E. W. CANNON as Major, Asat AC AGC DISTRIBUTION (see pages 9 &

WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM

WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM
WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM
WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM
WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM
WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM
WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM

WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM

WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM HEADQUARTERS UNITED STATES MILITARY ASSISTANCE COMXAND,VIETNAM APO San Francisco 96243 mCJ343 29
WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM HEADQUARTERS UNITED STATES MILITARY ASSISTANCE COMXAND,VIETNAM APO San Francisco 96243 mCJ343 29
WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM HEADQUARTERS UNITED STATES MILITARY ASSISTANCE COMXAND,VIETNAM APO San Francisco 96243 mCJ343 29
WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM HEADQUARTERS UNITED STATES MILITARY ASSISTANCE COMXAND,VIETNAM APO San Francisco 96243 mCJ343 29
WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM HEADQUARTERS UNITED STATES MILITARY ASSISTANCE COMXAND,VIETNAM APO San Francisco 96243 mCJ343 29

HEADQUARTERS UNITED STATES MILITARY ASSISTANCE COMXAND,VIETNAM

UNITED STATES MILITARY ASSISTANCE COMXAND,VIETNAM APO San Francisco 96243 mCJ343 29 September 1966

APO San Francisco

96243

MILITARY ASSISTANCE COMXAND,VIETNAM APO San Francisco 96243 mCJ343 29 September 1966 SUBJECT:

mCJ343

29 September

1966

SUBJECT:

Counterinsurgency Lessons Learned No 53 (Revised):

Viet

Cone; Improvised Explosive

Mines

and Booby Traps

(U)

TO:

SEE DISTRIBUTION

 

1.

(U)

BACKGROUND: During

the

French

and Viet

Minh

conflict

the

Vi&

Minh

used

improvised

explosive

to

harass,

slow

down and demoralize

have improved

munitions

high

the

upon their

as an effective

percentage

of

mines

the

and booby

forces.

traps

effectively

French

techniques

effectiveness

are

The Viet

using

Cong (VC)

emplaced

to

and by

predecessor*s

weapon.

and are

This

is attested by VC mines

US casualties

which

caused

booby

traps.

It

is

quite

evident

that

we must

learn

something

of

the

munitions

and their

use by

the

VC.

of the munitions and their use by the VC. for improvising explosive mines and booby traps
of the munitions and their use by the VC. for improvising explosive mines and booby traps

for

improvising

explosive

mines

and booby

traps

and with

various

methods

used

@

the

VC to

employ

these

devices.

3.

(U)

GENERAL:

 

a.

The VC are

very

resourceful

and make maximum use of

all

2.

(U)

PURPOSE:

To familiarize

all

personnel

with

VC techniques

explosive

ordnance

at

their

disposal.

It

is

a known fact

that

the

Viet

Cong police

the

battle

area

for

unexploded

ordnance

(duds),

modify

them

for unexploded ordnance (duds), modify them for use as mines or booby traps, or use the

for

use as mines

or

booby

traps,

or

use the

explosive

locally

manufactured

munitions.

They

even pc

so

far

aerial

bombs open to

gain

access

to

the

explosive

for

as

a filler

for

as

to

cut

large

other

uses.

Items

of

this

nature,

upon discovery

should

be reported

immediately

to

the

nearest

Explosive

Ordnance

Disposal

(EOD) Unit.

 

b.

A booby

trap

is

a hidden

explosive

charge

having

its

firing

mechanism

so placed

that

it

is

detonated

when an apparently

harmless

object

is

disturbed

by an unsuspecting

person.

A booby

trap

consists

of

a firing

charge

device

may be

av

(fuzing

system)

explosive:

and an explosive

demolition

charges,

charge.

artillerv

The explosive

and mortar

explosive demolition charges, charge. a r t i l l e r v The explosive a
explosive demolition charges, charge. a r t i l l e r v The explosive a
explosive demolition charges, charge. a r t i l l e r v The explosive a
explosive demolition charges, charge. a r t i l l e r v The explosive a
explosive demolition charges, charge. a r t i l l e r v The explosive a

P

explosive demolition charges, charge. a r t i l l e r v The explosive a
explosive demolition charges, charge. a r t i l l e r v The explosive a
explosive demolition charges, charge. a r t i l l e r v The explosive a

WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM

WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM MkCJ343 SUBJECT: that a land Counterinsurgency Cong Improvised may also mine rf employing an
WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM MkCJ343 SUBJECT: that a land Counterinsurgency Cong Improvised may also mine rf employing an
WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM MkCJ343 SUBJECT: that a land Counterinsurgency Cong Improvised may also mine rf employing an
WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM MkCJ343 SUBJECT: that a land Counterinsurgency Cong Improvised may also mine rf employing an

MkCJ343

SUBJECT:

that

a land

Counterinsurgency Cong Improvised

may also

mine

rf

employing

an explosive

Lessons

Learned

No 53 (Revised):

?

Explosive

Mines

and Booby Traps

(U)

be

a booby

trap

and

that

it

is

merely

charge.

 

4. (U)

FUZING SYSTEMS:

September 1966

iet

a means

---\

 

a.

General:

All

the

standard

initiating

 

principles

 

of

fuzing

used

in

US munitions

can be expected

to

be used

by

the

Viet

Gong.

These

initiating

 

actions

include

pressure,

pressure

release,

pull

friction,

pull

release,

chemical

delay,

mechanical

 

delay

and controlled

 

firing.

 

The complexity

of

the

fuzing

systems,

their

ingredients

as well

as their

purpose,

is

only

limited

by

the

ingenuit

y

of

the

man who constructs

them.

Thus,

as

many of

the

VC fuzing

systems

are

locally

produced,

it

would

be

impossible

to

enumerate

all

the

variations

of

fuzing

systems

found.

General

and basic

principle

systems

will

be discussed.

It

must

be

re-

membered that

one or

more fuzing

systems

or

principle

of

fuzing

may be

 

found

on any

given

piece

of

ordnance.

An explosive

item

that

is

primarily

designed

to

be control

 

fired

may &so

have

a pressure

release

firing

device

attached.

Remember:

CAUTION OR COFFIN!

 
 

b.

Pressure

Type Fuzes:

Pressure

type

fuzes

are

probably

the

simplest

to

produce

locally.

The basic

components

are

a firing

pin,

primer,

and detonator.

 

A pressure

type

fuze

can be made from

a

nail,

a

rifle

cartridge

and

a block

of

wood,

(Figure

1).

It

may also

be more

complex

with

a firing

pin

retained

in

a cocked

position

b:T a key

slot

 

which,

when depressed

releases

the

firing

pin.

The Viet

Gong makes

extensive

use

of

modified

mortar

and artillery

fuzes

as pressure

firing

devices.

 

c.

Pressure

Release

Type Fuzes:

release

type

firing

 

devices,

normally

called

"mouse traps",

Pressure can be easily

made from

commercial

mouse traps.

The principle

 

behind

this

type

is

that

the

re-

moval

of

the

weight

releases

a compressed

spring

which

forces

the

striker

to

fire

the

device.

The most

common pressure

release

type

used

 

by the

Viet

Gong is

the

grenade

fuze

(Figure

2).

The VC makes extensive

 

use

of

grenade

fuzes

for

booby

traps.

Kormally,

the

delay

element

is

 

replaced

with

an explosive

relay

to

obtain

an instantaneous

detonation.

d.

Pull

T*yne Firing

Device:

The most

common pull

type

firing

 

device

used

b

the

Viet

Cong is

the

pull

friction

fuze,

similar

to

the

ones

found

in

VC and Chicom stick

grenades

(Figure

3).

When used

as

a

mine

or

booby

trap

fuze,

the

delay

element

is

usually

removed and replaced

with

an explosive

relay

to

obtain

an instantaneous

detonation

after

 

ignition.

 

The pull

type

firi*

device

is

character&z

by

a slack

trip

wire.

Although

mechanical

pull

type

fuzing

devices

ha

9

e

not

been

pull type fuzing devices ha 9 e not been recovered recently, many were used against .Y

recovered

recently,

fuzing devices ha 9 e not been recovered recently, many were used against .Y the French,

many were

used

against .Y

the

French,

and

it

is

believed

fuzing devices ha 9 e not been recovered recently, many were used against .Y the French,
fuzing devices ha 9 e not been recovered recently, many were used against .Y the French,
fuzing devices ha 9 e not been recovered recently, many were used against .Y the French,
fuzing devices ha 9 e not been recovered recently, many were used against .Y the French,
fuzing devices ha 9 e not been recovered recently, many were used against .Y the French,
fuzing devices ha 9 e not been recovered recently, many were used against .Y the French,

WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM

UN6LASSl'FIED

MODIF

aa -1

WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM UN6LASSl'FIED M O D I F aa -1 iQXJ343 29 September 1966 SUBJECT:

iQXJ343

29 September

1966

SUBJECT:

Counterinsurgency

Lessons

Learned

No 53 (Revised):

Viet.

Cong Improvised

Explosive

Mines

and Booby Traps

(U)

Improvised Explosive Mines and Booby Traps (U) that mechanical firing devices are in the

that

mechanical

firing

devices

are

in

the

VC supply

system.

A Chicom or

VC version

of

the

Russian

MVD firing

device

is

most

likely

to

be used

in

Vietnam

because

the

MVD was widely

used

in

Korea

after

Chicom inter-

 

vention.

 

e.

Pull

Release

Type Firing

Device:

Pull

release

types

are

designed

for

actuation

by either

an increase

(pull)

or

decrease

(release)

of

tension

in

a taut

wire

(figure

4).

Pull

release

firing

devices

are

also

called

tension

release

devices.

Extreme

caution

must be observed

 

when encountering

a taut

trip

wire,

as

a cocked

striker

is

always

used

in

this

type

of

fuze

and any movement of

the

wire

or

ordnance

may activate

the

striker.

To render

a

pull

release

device

safe,

the

striker

must

be

blocked

with

a positive

safety

between

the

striker

and the

primer.

Pull

type

devices

rigged

for

a

pull

release

normally

activate

when the

trip

wire

is

broken.

 
 

f.

Control

or

Command Fired

Fuzing

Systems:

All

the

firing

de-

vices

mentioned

previously

 

can

be command fired

by

a person

lying

in

wait.

The fuzing

system

is

activated

by pulling

and/or

releasing

an extension

of

the

trip

wire

when a suitable

target

presents

itself.

The most

common

method

of

controlled

firing

by

the Viet

Cong is

by electrical

means.

This

is

accomplished

by inserting

an electrical

blasting

cap

into

the

ordnance,

laying

a firing

cable

to

a concealed

position

and connecting

an electrical

source

(battery

or

blasting

machine)

when the

target

comes

within

range.

The Viet

Cong use this

method

in

all

types

of

ordnance

(Figure

5)

-

including

underwater

mines.

The VC have

also

been known to

use

radio

controlled

triggering

devices

that

are

activated

by signal

devices that are activated by signal transmissions on selected frequencies. chemical g* delay

transmissions

on selected

frequencies.

by signal transmissions on selected frequencies. chemical g* delay Delay type (time) Firing Devices: have

chemical

g*

delay

Delay

type

(time)

Firing

Devices:

have been encountered

A clockwork

in

Vietnam.

delay

The clockwork

type

and

delay

is

the

most

common.

One type

of

VC clockwork

delay

 

firing

device

is

made from

commercial

watches.

Two contacts

are

added;

one

to

the

hands

and the

other

to

the

face

of

the

watch.

When the

set

time

runs

out,

the

circuit

is

completed

to

an electric

blasting

cap.

Small

alarm

clocks

have also

been used,

utilizing

the

clock%

alarm

system

to

complete

a

circuit.

Chemical

delay

devices

were

used by French

forces

in

Vietnam

and

may still

be encountered.

 

These are

similar

to

the

US firing

device,

 

demolition

delay

type,

M-l.

device,   demolition delay type, M-l. 5. (CMHA)wnni cki~RGEs: a. General. Any explosive item -be

5. (CMHA)wnni cki~RGEs:

demolition delay type, M-l. 5. (CMHA)wnni cki~RGEs: a. General. Any explosive item -be used a mine

a.

General.

Any explosive

item

-be

used

a mine

booby

M-l. 5. (CMHA)wnni cki~RGEs: a. General. Any explosive item -be used a mine booby as or

as

or

M-l. 5. (CMHA)wnni cki~RGEs: a. General. Any explosive item -be used a mine booby as or
M-l. 5. (CMHA)wnni cki~RGEs: a. General. Any explosive item -be used a mine booby as or

MODIFIED

HANDLING

AUTHORIZED

M-l. 5. (CMHA)wnni cki~RGEs: a. General. Any explosive item -be used a mine booby as or

3

M-l. 5. (CMHA)wnni cki~RGEs: a. General. Any explosive item -be used a mine booby as or
M-l. 5. (CMHA)wnni cki~RGEs: a. General. Any explosive item -be used a mine booby as or
M-l. 5. (CMHA)wnni cki~RGEs: a. General. Any explosive item -be used a mine booby as or
M-l. 5. (CMHA)wnni cki~RGEs: a. General. Any explosive item -be used a mine booby as or
M-l. 5. (CMHA)wnni cki~RGEs: a. General. Any explosive item -be used a mine booby as or

WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM

B

MODIFIED

Counterinsurgency Cong Improvised

HANDLING

Lessons

Explosive

charges

AUTHORIZED

No 53 (Revised):

and Booby Traps

methods

the

used

for

explosives

release

MACJ343

SUBJECT:

29 September 1966

Viet

Learned

Mines

(U)

for

their

following

para-

one type

of

are

used by

pressure

and pull

in

used are

these

trap.

employment

A few

of

by the

the

main

and some of

the

be discussed

in

methods

to

all.

like

Viet

Cong will

in

are

graphs.

It

must

be kept

ordnance,

in

many cases,

b.

Grenades.

the

friction

small

VC as antipersonnel

grenade

fuzes

items.

(Figure

6):

mind that

applicable

Many small

(AP)

with

mines.

the

of

grenade

Striker

delay

element

small

removed are

used

items

have

been

Some examples

how these

used items have been Some examples how these ( 1 ) A s a b o

(1)

As

a booby

A grenade

was placed

under

( 1 ) A s a b o o b y A grenade was placed under

bag in

the

a VC safe

haven.

When friendly

forces

picked

up the

rice

bag

grenade

exploded.

friendly forces picked up the rice bag grenade exploded. t r a p : a rice

trap:

a

rice

(2)

As

an AP mine:

a

trip

wire

fish

A small

AP mine

trail.

a

with

wire

pulled

striker

it

or

was attached

The trip

its

wire

pin

until

was attached

the

to

could

to

see.

the

was

a

was too

side

of

a tree

with

across

line

didn't

the

leader

see

wire

it

to

monofilament

cord

Unfortunately,

late.

 

(3)

placed

in

a hollow

grenade.

A pull

bamboo releasing

resembling

and difficult

trip

a friendly

As

an

patrol

AP mine:

A grenade

removed was

to

the

from

run.

are

length

of

bamboo.

A trip

on the

trip

wire

would

have

the

handle

and

allowing

the

was discovered

before

booby

to

trap:

such

items

Grenades

as fence

grenade

the

make its

do any damage,

Fortunately,

this

device

(4)

As

a

attached

by

trip

wires

small

AP mines

doors,

a attached by trip wires small AP mines doors, flag poles or any   (5) roof

flag

poles

or

any

 

(5)

roof

of

a house.

other

object

that

friendly

forces

As a booby

The pins

trap:

Grenades

were

were

pulled

and handles

may move or

destroy.

placed

were

in

tied

the

thatched

down with

gates,

VC flags

or

string

or

rubber

bands.

When friendly

forces

burned

the

house,

they

were

surprised

by grenades

exploding

in

the

area.

Nobody was injured.

 

(6)

As a booby

like

trap:

One of

hand

the

latest

items

is

to

be picked

one

like trap: One of hand the latest items is to be picked one minor difference,  

minor

difference,

 

squeezing

the

safety

handle

will

booby

trap

to

detonate.

Remember pressure

on the

than

release

of

the

safety

handle

detonates

this

taneously,

there

is

no delay.

cause

safety

one.

It

this

handle

fires

little

rather

instan-

up

is

one that

looks

a standard

grenade.

There

just

fires little rather instan- up is one that looks a standard grenade. There just I ‘
fires little rather instan- up is one that looks a standard grenade. There just I ‘

I

MQDIFIED

HANDLINGzwTHORIZED

4

I.

fires little rather instan- up is one that looks a standard grenade. There just I ‘
fires little rather instan- up is one that looks a standard grenade. There just I ‘
fires little rather instan- up is one that looks a standard grenade. There just I ‘
fires little rather instan- up is one that looks a standard grenade. There just I ‘
fires little rather instan- up is one that looks a standard grenade. There just I ‘
fires little rather instan- up is one that looks a standard grenade. There just I ‘

WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM

WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM MODIFIED HANDLING A U T H O M A C J 3 4 3 29
WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM MODIFIED HANDLING A U T H O M A C J 3 4 3 29

MODIFIED

HANDLING

AUTHO

MACJ343

29 September

1966

SUBJECT:

Counterinsurgency

Lessons

Learned

No 53 (Revised):

Viet

Cong Improvised

Explosive

Mines

and Booby Traps

(U)

Improvised Explosive Mines and Booby Traps (U)   (7) As a sabotage device: A standard hand
 

(7)

As a sabotage

device:

A standard hand grenade was

dropped

into

a gas

tank

after

the

safety

pin was removed

and the

safety

lever

taped

to

the

bodv

of

the

grenade.

The type

of

tape

used

(masking

grenade. The type of tape used (masking cellophane, friction,   etc) and the

cellophane,

friction,

 

etc)

and the

agitation

of

the

gasoline

controls

the

amount

of

time

it

takes

for

the

adhesive

to

dissolve

which

allows

the

safety

lever

to

fly

off

and activate

the

grenade.

Tests

with

 

various

types

of

tape

indicate

a minimum of

50 seconds

(friction

tape)

to

a maximum of

5 hours

(Cellophane

Wcotchft

tape).

Yes,

a standard

 

hand

grenade

will

readily

 

fit

into

the wide

mouth

gas tank

fuel

intake

on many

of

our

vehicles

but

please

don't

try

it.

 

(8)

As aerial

burst

ammunition:

 

A grenade

launching

de-

vice

used

against

helicopters

 

as well

as troops

and vehicles

is

one

of

the

latest

devices

(Figure

7).

A hole

is

dug

in

the

gmund,

explosives

are

placed

in

the

bottom,

 

the

hole

is

filled

with

dirt

and

a board

with

hand

grenades

attached

 

is

placed

on top

of

the

dirt.

This

little

gadget

is

command fired

electrically.

 

If

used against

helicopters

 

the

hole

is

dug straight

down,

if

for

use against

 

troops

or

vehicles

the

hole

is

angled

and more

or

less

aimed.

NOTE:

This

launcher

has

also

been found

loaded

with

BLU/3

bomblets

in

place

of

grenades.

 

c.

Artillery

 

and Mortar

Ammunition:

All

sizes

of

artillery

and

mortar

munition

are

used

by the

VC as mines.

They use the

smaller

projectiles

for

AP mines

and the

larger

ones

as

antivehicular

mines.

Both

types

may be equipped

with

any of

the

firing

devices

mentioned

in

paragraph

4.

Electrically

 

controlled

 

firing

is

often

used

to

detonate

these

types

of main

charges.

 

A few

methods

of

employment

are

listed

be-

low

(Figure

8).

(1)

A 155mm artillery

projective

was buried

in

a

dirt

road

and wired

to

be fired

electrically.

ton

having

The charge

was detonated

are

under

of

a

officer

riding

in

a

l/4

larger

artillery

shells

vehicle.

Many incidents

in

roads

recorded

been planted

and control

fired

num&r

of

mortar

trees

and control

when a prime

target

presented

itself.

(2)

During

a recent

operation,

a large

and artillery

rounds

(75-105mm)

were

suspended

from

detonated

when US troops

came within

range.

US

detonated when US troops came within range. US area. (3) It A 105mm round was prepared

area. (3)

It

A 105mm round was prepared

was found

to

under

the

floor

of

a-building

type

fuze

was found to under the floor of a-building type fuze under a loose board. in a

under

a loose

board.

under the floor of a-building type fuze under a loose board. in a VC be detonated

in

a

VC

be detonated

by a pressure

type fuze under a loose board. in a VC be detonated by a pressure 5 HANDLI&iCi
type fuze under a loose board. in a VC be detonated by a pressure 5 HANDLI&iCi

5

HANDLI&iCi

At!THORIZED

type fuze under a loose board. in a VC be detonated by a pressure 5 HANDLI&iCi
type fuze under a loose board. in a VC be detonated by a pressure 5 HANDLI&iCi
type fuze under a loose board. in a VC be detonated by a pressure 5 HANDLI&iCi
type fuze under a loose board. in a VC be detonated by a pressure 5 HANDLI&iCi

_~~--- -~~~

-~

UNCLASSIFIED

type fuze under a loose board. in a VC be detonated by a pressure 5 HANDLI&iCi

WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM

WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM M.Ac5343 SUBJECT: 29 September 1966 Viet Counterinsurgency Cong Improvised Explosive Mines and
WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM M.Ac5343 SUBJECT: 29 September 1966 Viet Counterinsurgency Cong Improvised Explosive Mines and
WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM M.Ac5343 SUBJECT: 29 September 1966 Viet Counterinsurgency Cong Improvised Explosive Mines and

M.Ac5343

SUBJECT:

29 September 1966

Viet

Counterinsurgency

Cong Improvised Explosive Mines and Booby Traps (U)

Lessons

Learned

No 53 (Revised):

'

-

 

(4)

Any application

 

used with

the

grenade

type

mines

can

be used

with

mortar

and artillery

ammunition.

60mmmortar

rounds

have

been

recovered

with

grenade

fuzes

attached

and undoubtedly

were

in-

tended

for

use as mines

-

the

delay

element

had been

removed

from

the

fuze.

d.

Bombs:

The VC consider

the

20 lb. fragementation

bcmbs to

be excellent

antipersonnel

mines.

The larger

bombs (from

100 to

1000

lbs)

will

stop

and destroy

any vehicle

on

the

roads

(Figure

8).

The VC

are

amounts

havens,

using

more and more bombs as mines

explosive

do

on likely

to

a job.

and are

known to

use excessive

in

control

VC safe

of

preplanted

Bombs are

of

usually

used

and are

VC safe of preplanted Bombs are of usually used and are when friendly forces advance. The

when

friendly

forces

advance.

The VC are

also

using

the

BLU/3

bomblet

forces advance. The VC are also using the BLU/3 bomblet to BLU/3 bomblet modified area cations

to

BLU/3 bomblet

modified

area

cations

a great

exteslt

it

as booby

is

well

to

trap

note

devices

that

(Figure

9).

In

discussing

the

This

the

many BLU/3 bomblets

When a bomblet

since

one of

mines.

is

have been

found

by the

it

VC before

should

these

emplacement.

to

the

around

be carefully

bomblets

checked

anti-personnel

VC modifi-

is

converts

done

avenues

approach,

fired

by burying

the

bomblet

in

the

ground

and using

the

standard

fuzing

as

a

pressure

activated

firing

device.

 

(1)

Another

application

of

the

BLU/3

bomblet

is

used

in

a

of the BLU/3 bomblet is used in a "Rube Goldberg" type device. A rock is

"Rube Goldberg"

type

device.

A rock

is

suspended

over

the

bomblet

and

when a

trip

wire

is

pulled

the

rock

drops

on the

striker

detonating

the

bomblet

instantaneously

(Figure

9).

the bomblet instantaneously (Figure 9). e . Locally Manufactured Mines: The homemade or

e.

Locally

Manufactured

Mines:

The homemade or

locally

 

manufactured

mines

come in

many sizes,

shapes

and forms.

They may be

constructed

of

light

metal,

cast

iron,

cement,

or

explosives

packed

into

bamboo tubes

or

wrapping

paper.

The intended

use for

a mine

normally

paper. The intended use for a mine normally governs its size, shape and construction. The

governs

its

size,

shape

and construction.

The VC have produced

a large

number

of

underwater

mines

in

addition

to

land

mines

that

have

also

be-

come more

or

less

standard

items.

These

items

along

with

other

VC land

mines

are

illustrated

in

the

J-2

VC WariMaterial

Handbook.

Some of

the

more

common locally

manufactured

mines

are

illustrated

 

in

figure

10.

 

(1)

The most

famous

and fast

becoming

the

most widely

used