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Short ppt on 2-way slab design

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

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2,4K Aufrufe

Short ppt on 2-way slab design

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

Als PDF, TXT **herunterladen** oder online auf Scribd lesen

- waffle slab
- ribbed slab design
- Chapter 4 Ribbed Slabs and Waffle Slabs
- Waffle Slabs
- One-way Joist Slab
- Performance of Standard Waffle Slab Footing System Under Expansive Soil Movement
- Types of slabs.ppt
- One-way Ribbed Slab Design as Per BS8110
- waffle slab ppt.pptx
- Helical Stair - Calculation
- Analysis of waffle slabs.pdf
- 348505637-Grid-Floors.pdf
- Example Design of Circular Beam ACI 1999
- Guide to Residential Floors
- Voided and Ribbed Slabs
- Ribbed Slab Design Template
- Waffle Slab
- Ribbed Slab Design
- Waffle Slab
- Design of Waffle Slab

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Lecture-11

Analysis and Design of Two-way Slab Systems (Two-way Slab with Beams & Two Way joist Slabs)

B Prof By: P f Dr. D Qaisar Q i Ali Civil Engineering Department NWFP UET Peshawar

drqaisarali@nwfpuet.edu.pk

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali CE 5115 Advance Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures 1

Topics Addressed

Moment Coefficient Method for Two way slab with beams

Introduction Cases Moment Coefficient Tables Reinforcement R i f t Requirements R i t Steps Example

Topics Addressed

Two-way Joist Slab

Introduction Behavior Characteristics Basic Steps for Structural Design Example

Moment Coefficient Method (Introduction)

The Moment Coefficient Method included for the first time in 1963 ACI Code is applicable to two-way slabs supported on four sides of each slab panel by walls, steel beams relatively deep, stiff, edge beams (h = 3hf).

Although, not included in 1977 and later versions of ACI code, its continued use is permissible under the ACI 318-08 code provision (13.5.1). Visit ACI 13.5.1.

Ma,neg

Moments:

Ma, neg = Ca, negwula2 Mb, neg = Cb, negwulb2

la

Mb,neg Mb,pos

lb

Ma, pos, (dl + ll) = M a, pos, dl + M a, pos, ll = Ca, pos, dl wu, dl la2 + Ca, pos, ll wu, ll la2 Mb, pos, (dl + ll) = Mb, pos, dl + Mb, pos, ll = Cb, pos, dl wu, dl lb2 + Cb, pos, ll wu, ll lb2

Where Ca, Cb = Tabulated moment coefficients wu = Ultimate uniform load, psf la, lb = length of clear spans in short and long directions respectively.

Moment Coefficient Method: Cases

Depending on the support conditions, several cases are possible:

Moment Coefficient Method: Cases

Depending on the support conditions, several cases are possible:

Moment Coefficient Method: Cases

Depending on the support conditions, several cases are possible:

Moment Coefficient Method: Cases

Depending on the support conditions, several cases are possible:

Moment Coefficient Tables:

10

Moment Coefficient Tables:

11

Moment Coefficient Tables:

12

Moment Coefficient Tables:

13

Moment Coefficient Tables:

14

Moment Coefficient Tables:

15

Load Coefficient Table:

16

Maximum spacing and minimum reinforcement requirement:

smax = 2 hf in each direction.

Asmin = 0.0018 b hf for grade 60. Asmin = 0.002 b hf for grade 40 and 50.

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Special Reinforcement at exterior corner of Slab

The reinforcement at exterior ends of the slab shall be provided as per ACI 13.3.6 in top and bottom layers as shown.

The positive and negative reinforcement in any case, should be of a size and spacing equivalent to that required for the maximum positive moment (per foot of width) in the panel.

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Moment Coefficient Method

Steps

Find hmin = perimeter/ 180 = 2(la + lb)/180 Calculate loads on slab (force / area) Calculate m = la/ lb Decide about case of slab, Use table to pick moment coefficients, Calculate moments and then design. Apply reinforcement requirements (smax = 2hf, ACI 13.3.2)

19

Moment o e t Coe Coefficient c e t Method: et od Example a pe

A 100 60, 3-storey commercial building is to be designed. The grids of column plan are fixed by the architect.

20

10

Moment o e t Coe Coefficient c e t Method: et od Example a pe

Complete analysis of the slab is done by analyzing four panels

Panel I

Panel III

Panel III

Panel I

Panel II

Panel IV

Panel IV

Panel II

Panel I

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

Panel III

Panel III

Panel I

21

Moment Coefficient Method: Example p

A 100 60, 3-storey commercial building: Sizes and Loads.

Sizes:

Minimum slab thickness = perimeter/180 = 2 (20+25)/180 = 6 However, for the purpose of comparison, take hf = 7 Columns = 14 14 (assumed) Beams = 14 20 (assumed)

Loads:

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

S.D.L = Nil ; Self Weight = 0.15 x (7/12) = 0.0875 ksf L.L = 144 psf ; wu = 0.336 ksf

22

11

Moment Coefficient Method: Example

Panels are analyzed using Moment Coefficient Method

Case = 4 m = la/lb = 0.8

Ma,neg Mb,neg Mb,pos Ma,pos Ma,neg Mb,neg

23

Moment Coefficient Method: Example

Panels are analyzed using Moment Coefficient Method

Case = 4 m = la/lb = 0.8 Ca,neg = 0.071 Cb,neg = 0.029 Ca,posLL = 0.048 Cb,posLL = 0.020 Ca,posDL = 0.039 0 039 Cb,posDL = 0.016

24

12

Moment Coefficient Method: Example

Panels are analyzed using Moment Coefficient Method

Case = 4 m = la/lb = 0.8 Ca,neg = 0.071 Cb,neg = 0.029 Ca,posLL = 0.048 Cb,posLL = 0.020 Ca,posDL = 0.039 0 039 Cb,posDL = 0.016

25

Moment Coefficient Method: Example

Panels are analyzed using Moment Coefficient Method

Case = 4 m = la/lb = 0.8 Ca,neg = 0.071 Cb,neg = 0.029 Ca,posLL = 0.048 Cb,posLL = 0.020 Ca,posDL = 0.039 0 039 Cb,posDL = 0.016

26

13

Moment Coefficient Method: Example

Panels are analyzed using Moment Coefficient Method

Case = 4 m = la/lb = 0.8 Ca,neg = 0.071 Cb,neg = 0.029 Ca,posLL = 0.048 Cb,posLL = 0.020 Ca,posDL = 0.039 0 039 Cb,posDL = 0.016

27

Moment Coefficient Method: Example

Panels are analyzed using Moment Coefficient Method

Case = 4 m = la/lb = 0.8 Ca,neg = 0.071 Cb,neg = 0.029 Ca,posLL = 0.048 Cb,posLL = 0.020 Ca,posDL = 0.039 0 039 Cb,posDL = 0.016

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14

Moment Coefficient Method: Example

Panels are analyzed using Moment Coefficient Method

Case = 4 m = la/lb = 0.8 Ca,neg = 0.071 Cb,neg = 0.029 Ca,posLL = 0.048 Cb,posLL = 0.020 Ca,posDL = 0.039 0 039 Cb,posDL = 0.016

29

Moment Coefficient Method: Example

Panels are analyzed using Moment Coefficient Method

Case = 4 m = la/lb = 0.8 Ca,neg = 0.071 Cb,neg = 0.029 Ca,posLL = 0.048 Cb,posLL = 0.020 Ca,posDL = 0.039 0 039 Cb,posDL = 0.016 Ma,neg = 9.5 k-ft Ma,pos = 6.1 k-ft Mb,neg = 6.1 k-ft Mb,pos = 3.9 k-ft

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

Panel I

Mb,neg

30

15

Moment Coefficient Method: Example

Panels are analyzed using Moment Coefficient Method

Case = 9 m = la/lb = 0.8 Ca,neg = 0.075 Cb,neg = 0.017 Ca,posLL = 0.042 Cb,posLL = 0.017 Ca,posDL = 0.029 0 029 Cb,posDL = 0.010 Ma,neg = 10.1 k-ft Ma,pos = 5.1 k-ft Mb,neg = 3.6 k-ft Mb,pos = 3.1 k-ft

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

Panel II

31

Moment Coefficient Method: Example

Panels are analyzed using Moment Coefficient Method

Case = 8 m = la/lb = 0.8 Ca,neg = 0.055 Cb,neg = 0.041 Ca,posLL = 0.044 Cb,posLL = 0.019 Ca,posDL = 0.032 0 032 Cb,posDL = 0.015 Ma,neg = 7.4 k-ft Ma,pos = 5.4 k-ft Mb,neg = 8.6 k-ft Mb,pos = 3.7 k-ft

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali 32 Ma,neg Mb,neg Mb,pos Ma,pos Ma,neg Mb,neg

Panel III

16

Moment Coefficient Method: Example

Panels are analyzed using Moment Coefficient Method

Case = 2 m = la/lb = 0.8 Ca,neg = 0.065 Cb,neg = 0.027 Ca,posLL = 0.041 Cb,posLL = 0.017 Ca,posDL = 0.026 0 026 Cb,posDL = 0.011 Ma,neg = 8.7 k-ft Ma,pos = 4.9 k-ft Mb,neg = 5.7 k-ft Mb,pos = 3.2 k-ft

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

Panel IV

33

Moment Coefficient Method: Example

Slab analysis summary

9.5 3.9 6.1 6.1 9.5 10.1 3.6 3.2 5.1 10.1 3.6 5.7 3.2 4.9 8.7 6.1 8.6 3.7 5.4 7.4 8.7 5.7 8.6 7.4

34

17

Moment Coefficient Method: Example

Slab Reinforcement Details

C A B B C A A B C B A B C C A B C B C C

A= #4 @ 12 B = #4 @ 6 C = #4 @ 4

35

36

18

Two-Way Joist

Introduction

A two-way joist system, or waffle slab, comprises evenly spaced concrete joists spanning in both directions and a reinforced concrete slab cast integrally with the joists.

Joist

37

Two-Way Joist

Introduction

Like one-way joist system, a two way system will be qualified to be said as two-way joist system if clear spacing between ribs (dome width) does not exceed 30 in.

38

19

Two-Way Joist

Introduction

39

Two-Way Joist

Introduction

The joists are commonly formed by using Standard Square dome forms and the domes are omitted around the columns to form the solid heads.

40

20

Two-Way Joist

Introduction

Generally the dome for waffle slab can be of any size. However the commonly used standard domes are discussed as follows:

30-in 30-in square domes with 3-inch flanges; from which 6-inch wide joist ribs at 36-inch centers are formed: these are available in standard depths of 8, 10, 12, 14, 16 and 20 inches.

19 i h 19-inch 19-inch 19 i h square domes d with ith 2 -inch i h flanges, fl f from which hi h 5-inch wide joist ribs at 24-inch centers are formed. These are available in standard depths of 8, 10, 12, 14 and 16 inches.

41

Two-Way Joist

Introduction

42

21

Two-Way Joist

Behavior

The behavior of two-way joist slab is similar to a two way flat Slab system.

Two-Way Joist

Characteristics

Dome voids reduce dead load Attractive ceiling (waffle like appearance) Electrical fixtures can be placed in the voids Particularly advantageous where the use of longer spans and/or heavier loads are desired without the use of deepened drop panels or supported beams.

22

Two-Way Joist

Basic Steps for Structural Design

Step No. No 01 (Sizes): Sizes of all structural and non structural elements are decided.

Step No. 02 (Loads): Loads on structure are determined based on occupational characteristics and functionality (refer Appendix C of class notes).

Step No. No 03 (Analysis): Effect of loads are calculated on all structural elements.

Step No. 04 (Design): Structural elements are designed for the respective load effects following code provisions.

45

Two-Way Joist

Sizes

For Joist depth determination, waffle slabs are considered as flat slab (ACI 13.1.3, 13.1.4 & 9.5.3).

The thickness of equivalent flat slab is taken from table 9.5 (c). The thickness of slab and depth of rib of waffle slab can be then computed by equalizing the moment of inertia of equivalent flat slab to that of waffle slab. slab

However since this practice is time consuming, tables have been developed to determine the size of waffle slab from equivalent flat slab thickness.

46

23

Two-Way Joist

Sizes

47

Two-Way Joist

Sizes

Minimum Joist Depth

Slab and rib depth from equivalent flat slab thickness

Table 01: Waffle flat slabs (19" 19" voids at 2'-0")-Equivalent thickness

Rib + Slab Depths (in.) Equivalent Thickness te (in.) 8+3 8.89 8+4 10.11 10 + 3 10.51 10 + 4 11.75 12 + 3 12.12 12 + 4 13.38 14 + 3 13.72 14 + 4 15.02 16 + 3 15.31 16 + 4 16.64 Reference: Table 11-2 of CRSI Design Handbook 2002. Note: Only first two columns of the table are reproduced here.

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24

Two-Way Joist

Sizes

Minimum Joist Depth

Slab and rib depth from equivalent flat slab thickness

Table 02: Waffle flat slabs (30" 30" voids at 3'-0")-Equivalent thickness

Rib + Slab Depths (in.) Equivalent Thickness te (in.) 8+3 8.61 8+4 9.79 10 + 3 10.18 10 + 4 11.37 12 + 3 11.74 12 + 4 12.95 14 + 3 13.3 14 + 4 14.54 16 + 3 14.85 16 + 4 16.12 20 + 3 17.92 20 + 4 19.26 Reference: Table 11-2 of CRSI Design Handbook 2002. Note: Only first two columns of the table are reproduced here.

49

Two-Way Joist

Sizes

Minimum Width of Rib

ACI 8.11.2 states that ribs shall be not less than 4 inch in width.

A rib shall have a depth of not more than 3 times the minimum width of rib.

ACI 8.11.6.1 states that slab thickness shall be not less than onetwelfth the clear distance between ribs, nor less than 2 in.

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25

Two-Way Joist

Loads

Floor dead load for two-way yj joist with certain dome size, , dome depth p can be calculated from the table shown for two options of slab thicknesses (3 inches and 4 inches).

Table 03: Standard Dome Dimensions and other Data

Dome Size Dome Depth (in.) 8 10 12 14 16 20 8 10 12 14 16 Volume of Void (ft3) 3.98 4 92 4.92 5.84 6.74 7.61 9.3 1.56 1.91 2.25 2.58 2.9 Floor Dead Load (psf) per slab thickness 3 inches 71 80 90 100 111 132 79 91 103 116 129 4 inches 90 99 109 119 129 151 98 110 122 134 148

30-in

19-in

51

Two-Way Joist

Loads

Floor dead load (wdj) for two-way two way joist can also be calculated as follows:

Volume of solid: Vsolid = (36 36 11)/1728 = 8.24 ft3 Volume of void: Vvoid = (30 30 8)/1728 = 4.166 ft3 Total Load of joists per dome: wdj = (Vsolid Vvoid) conc = ( 8.24 4.166) 0.15 = 0.61 kip Total Load of joists per sq. ft: wdj/ (dome area) = 0.61/ (3 3) = 0.0679 ksf = 68 psf 71 psf (from table 03) The difference is because sloped ribs are not considered.

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3 8

36

30

26

Two-Way Joist

Loads

At locations where solid head is present, present the floor dead load can be calculated as follows:

If, wdj = dead load in joist area Wsh = dead load in solid head area = hsolid conc Wdj+sh = { {wshb + wdj(l2-b)}/ )} l2 a ln a Wdj+sh wdj Wdj+sh

l2

b a a

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Two-Way Joist

Loads

Factored loads can be calculated as: If wL = live load (load/area), then

Load out of solid head region wosh = 1.2 wdj + 1.6wL Load in solid head region wish = 1.2w 1 2 dj+sh+1.6w 16 L l2 b a a ln a Wish wosh Wish

wish wosh

wish

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Two-Way Joist

Analysis

ACI code allows use of DDM for analysis of waffle slabs (ACI R13.1). In such a case, waffle slabs are considered as flat slabs, with the solid head acting as drop panels (ACI 13.1.3).

55

Two-Way Joist

Analysis

Wish wosh Wish

wosh ln Mosh

ln

ln

Mish b a a

Mosh = woshl2ln2/8

Mish = (wish-wosh)ba2/2

l2

Mo = Mosh + Mish

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali 56

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Two-Way Joist

Design

The solid head shall be checked against punching shear. The critical section for punching shear is taken at a section d/2 from face of the column, where d is the effective depth at solid head.

57

Two-Way Joist

Design

Design

of

slab

for

punching shear

l1

l2 shall be

d/2

Both

types

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali 58

29

Two-Way Joist

Design

Total area = l1 l2 Solid area = Asolid Joist part area (Aj) = (l1l2) -Asolid Critical perimeter area = Acp Vu =Ajwosh+ (Asolid Acp) wish Where, wosh = joist part load wish = load inside solid head l2

l1

d/2

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Two-Way Joist

Design

Vn = Vc + Vs Vc is least of:

c = longer side of column/shorter side of column s = 40 for interior column, 30 for edge column, 20 for corner columns

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Two-Way Joist

Design

Beam shear is not usually a problem in slabs including waffle slabs. However for completion of design beam shear may also be checked. Beam shear can cause problem in case where larger spans and heavier loads with relatively shallow waffle slabs are used.

The critical section for beam shear is taken at a section d from face of the column, where d is the effective depth at solid head.

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Two-Way Joist

Design

Vn = Vc + Vs Vc is least of:

Stirrup

2 (fc)bribd

Vs = Avfy/bribs

If required, one or two single legged stirrups are provided in the rib to increase the shear capacity of waffle slab.

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Two-Way Joist

Design

The design of waffle slab is done by usual procedures. However, certain reinforcement requirements apply discussed next.

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Two-Way Joist

ACI recommendations on reinforcement requirement of waffle slab:

ACI 10.6.7 states that if the effective depth d of a beam or joist exceeds 36 in., longitudinal skin reinforcement shall be provided as per ACI section 10.6.7.

According to ACI 13.3.2, for cellular or ribbed construction reinforcement shall not be less than the requirements of ACI 7.12.

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32

Two-Way Joist

ACI recommendations on reinforcement requirement of waffle slab:

65

Two-Way Joist

Other important points:

The amount of reinforcement and, and if necessary, necessary the top slab thickness can be changed to vary the load capacities for different spans, areas, or floors of a structure.

Each joist rib contains two bottom bars. Straight bars are supplied over the column centerlines for negative factored moment.

Bottom bar

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33

Two-Way Joist

Other important points:

For layouts that do not meet the standard 2-feet 2 feet and 3-feet 3 feet modules, it is preferable that the required additional width be obtained by increasing the width of the ribs framing into the solid column head.

The designer should sketch out the spacing for a typical panel p g as a p part of the early y and correlate with the column spacing planning.

67

Two-Way Joist

Example: Design the slab system of hall shown in figure as waffle slab, according to ACI 318. Use Direct Design Method for slab analysis.

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34

Two-Way Joist

Solution:

A 108 144 building, building divided into twelve (12) panels, panels supported at their ends on columns. Each panel is 36 36.

The given slab system satisfies all the necessary limitations for Direct Design Method to be applicable.

69

Two-Way Joist

Step No 01: Sizes

Columns

Slab

Adopt 30 30 standard dome. Minimum equivalent flat slab thickness (hf) can be found using ACI Table 9 5 (c): 9.5 Exterior panel governs. Therefore, hf = ln/33 = [{36 (2 18/2)/12}/33] 12 = 12.45

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35

Two-Way Joist

Step No 01: Sizes

Slab

The closest depth of doom that will fulfill the requirement of equivalent thickness of flat slab equal to 12.45 is 12 in. with a slab thickness of 4 in. for a dome size of 30-in.

Table: Waffle flat slabs (30" 30" voids at 3'-0")-Equivalent thickness Rib + Slab Depths (in.) Equivalent Thickness te (in.)

8+3 8.61 8+4 9.79 10 + 3 10.18 10 + 4 11.37 12 + 3 11.74 12 + 4 12.95 14 + 3 13.3 14 + 4 14.54 16 + 3 14.85 16 + 4 16.12 20 + 3 17.92 20 + 4 19.26 Reference: Table 11-2 of CRSI Design Handbook 2002. Note: Only first two columns of the table are reproduced here.

71

Two-Way Joist

Step No 01: Sizes

l = 36-0 = 432 Standard module = 36 36 No. of modules in 36-0: n = 432/36 = 12 Planning: First module is placed on interior column centerline and provided towards exterior ends of panel. In this way, width of exterior joist comes out to be 15.

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36

Two-Way Joist

Step No 01: Sizes

Solid Head

Solid head dimension from column centerline = l/6 = 36/6 = 6 Total length of solid head= 2 6 = 12 As 3 3 module is selected, therefore 4 voids will make an interior solid head of 12.5 12.5.

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Two-Way Joist

Step No 02: Loads

Floor (joist) dead load (wdj) = 109 psf = 0.109 0 109 ksf

Dome Size

Table: Standard Dome Dimensions and other Data Floor Dead Load (psf) per slab thickness Volume of Void Dome Depth (in.) (ft3) 3 inches 4 inches 8 10 12 14 16 20 8 10 12 14 16 3.98 4.92 5.84 6.74 7.61 61 9.3 1.56 1.91 2.25 2.58 2.9 71 80 90 100 111 132 79 91 103 116 129 90 99 109 119 129 151 98 110 122 134 148

30-in

19-in

74

37

Two-Way Joist

Step No 02: Loads

Floor (joist) dead load (wdj) = 109 psf = 0.109 0 109 ksf Solid Head dead load (wsh) = {(12 + 4.5)/12} 0.15 = 0.206 ksf Wdj+sh = {wshb + wdj(l2-b)}/l2 = {0.20612.5 + 0.109 (36 12.5)}/36 = 0.143 ksf

a ln Wdj+sh wdj Wdj+sh

l2

b = 12.5 a = 5.25 a

75

Two-Way Joist

Step No 02: Loads

wL = 100 psf = 0.100 0 100 ksf Load out of solid head region wosh = 1.2 wdj + 1.6wL = 1.20.109 + 1.60.100 = 0.291 ksf Load in solid head region wish = 1.2wdj+sh+1.6wL = 1.2 0.143 + 1.6 0.100 = 0.33 ksf

76

wish

l2 b a

wish wosh

a

38

Step No 03: Frame Analysis (E-W Interior Frame)

77

Step No 03: Frame Analysis (E-W Interior Frame)

Design Span of frame (c/c) = l1 = 36 Design Length of frame = ln = 36 (2 18/2)/12 = 34.5 Width of frame = l2 = 36 Half column strip width = (Shorter span)/ 4 = 36/4 = 9

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Step No 03: Frame Analysis (E-W Interior Frame)

MS/2 = 9-0 a = 5-3 b= 12-6 CS/2 = 9-0 CS/2 = 9-0 MS/2 = 9-0

CS/2 = Least of l1/4 or l2/4 l2/4 = 36/4 = 9

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Step No 03: Frame Analysis (E-W Interior Frame)

Mosh (outside head) = woshl2ln2/8 = 0.291 36 34.52/8 = 1557.56 ft-k Mish (solid head) = (wish wosh) ba2/2 = (0.330.291)12.55.252/2 = 6.70 ft-k Mo (total static moment) = Mosh + Mish = 1557.56 + 6.70 = 1564.26 ft-k

Note: Since normally, Mish is much smaller than Mosh the former can be conveniently ignored in design calculations

80

Step No 03: Frame Analysis (E-W Interior Frame)

81

Step No 03: Frame Analysis (E-W Interior Frame)

INT36 =0 {no interior beams} l2/l1 = 36/36 = 1 INT36l2/l1 = 0

82

Step No 03: Frame Analysis (E-W Exterior Frame)

l1 = 36-0 0 ln = 34-6

83

Step No 03: Frame Analysis (E-W Exterior Frame)

Design Span of frame (c/c) = l1 = 36 Design Length of frame = ln = 36 (2 18/2)/12 = 34.5 Width of frame = l2 = 9 + 9 + (9/12) = 18.75 Half column strip width = (Shorter span)/ 4 = 36/4 = 9

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Step No 03: Frame Analysis (E-W Exterior Frame)

l1 = 36-0 0 ln = 34-6

85

Step No 03: Frame Analysis (E-W Exterior Frame)

Mosh (outside head) = woshl2ln2/8 = 0.291 18.75 34.52/8 = 811.78 ft-k Mish (solid head) = (wish wosh) ba2/2 = (0.330.291)75.252/2 = 3.76 ft-k Mo (total static moment) = Mosh + Mish = 811.78 + 3.76 = 815.54 ft-k

Note: Since normally, Mish is much smaller than Mosh the former can be conveniently ignored in design calculations

86

Step No 03: Analysis

87

Step No 03: Analysis

Step 05: Lateral Distribution of Longitudinal moment (L.M) [Refer to ACI 13.6.4 to ACI 13.6.6].

88

Step No 03: Analysis

Analysis of N-S Interior and Exterior Frame will be same as E-W respective frames due to square panels.

89

Step No 04: Design

davg g = 12 + 4.5 1 (concrete cover) 0.75 (avg. bar dia) = 14.75 Asmin = 0.0018bte (Where te = equivalent flat slab thickness) Asmin = 0.0018 12 12.95 = 0.279 in2

Now, Equation used to calculate () in table below is as follows: Mu = fybdavg2{1 0.59fy/fc} = 0.9601214.752{1 0.5960/4}

After solving the above equation for , we get: = [140980.5 {(140980.5)2 (4 1247677 Mu 12)}]/2(1247677).(A)

90

Step No 04: Design

91

Step No 04: Design

davg g = 12 + 4.5 1 0.75 = 14.75 Asmin = 0.0018bte (Where te = equivalent flat slab thickness) Asmin = 0.0018 12 12.95 = 0.279 in2

Now, Equation used to calculate () in table below is as follows: Mu = fybdavg2{1 0.59fy/fc} = 0.9601214.752{1 0.5960/4}

After solving the above equation for , we get: = [140980.5 {(140980.5)2 (4 1247677 Mu 12)}]/2(1247677).(A)

92

Step No 04: Design

93

Step No 04: Design

Design of N-S Interior and Exterior Frame will be same as EW respective frames due to square panels and also for the reason that davg is used in design.

94

Step No 04: Design

Note: For the completion of design problem, the waffle slab should also be checked for beam shear and punching shear.

95

Step No 05: Detailing (E-W Frames)

#6 @ 12

#6 @ 6 #6 @ 6

#6 @ 12

#6 @ 18 #6 @ 12

#6 @ 18 #6 @ 6

#6 @ 18 #6 @ 6

#6 @ 18 #6 @ 12

96

Step No 05: Detailing (N-S Frames)

#6 @ 12 #6 @ 18 #6 @ 12

#6 @ 6

#6 @ 18

#6 @ 6

#6 @ 6

#6 @ 18

#6 @ 6

97

Step No 05: Detailing (E-W Interior Frame)

18-0

#6 @ 6 c/c

2 #7 Bars #6 @ 12 c/c

2 #7 Bars

98

Step No 05: Detailing (E-W Interior Frame)

18-0

#6 @ 18 c/c

2 #7 Bars #6 @ 18 c/c

2 #7 Bars

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

Step No 05: Detailing (E-W Exterior Frame)

9-0

#6 @ 6 c/c

2 #7 Bars

#6 @ 12 c/c

2 #7 Bars

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

100

Step No 05: Detailing (E-W Exterior Frame)

9-0

#6 @ 18 c/c

2 #7 Bars

#6 @ 18 c/c

2 #7 Bars

Prof. Dr. Qaisar Ali

101

The End

102

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