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Chapter 1

MOST FREQUENTLY ASKED

QUESTIONS

ON MASSAGE THERAPY EXAMS

Please Note: The answer which is give, i is the BJST of the choices.

1

.

Anywhere in the body where a n .ssage/body

work practitioner PraCt,t,oner

may compress blood vessels or narves is called?

a. a trigger point

b. a pressure point

c. an endangerment site

d. a meridian point

2. The primary goal of post-event si orts massage is to?

a. remove toxins from the tissues

b. heat up the body

.

c.

maximize endurance

d. meet clients

3. Ligament injury is slow to heal di 3 to?

a. rigidity of tendon sheaths

b. -

active nerve conduction

c. poor blood supply

d. poor lymphatic sup j|y

4. How would you best relax,pector 3 .is major in a supine client?

a. put a pillow under the head

b. put a pillow under t te

head and knees

c put pillows under tl e arms

d -

P"t P»Hows under tl e knees J

5. What does massage do for. hyper ension?

e.

b.

increases peripheral circulation

increase cardiac ou put %j>

c. decreases size of v ins

d. decreases peripheral circulation

6. Golgi complex tendon does what unction?

a. acts as a stretch receptor

b. contract

c

d.

relax

flex

7. What does meditation stimulate?

a. pituitary gland

b.

c

d.

parasympathetic

sympathetic

adrenals

8.

Which BEST defines what occurs in the fight

a.

b.

c.

increase in intestine ! movement

or flight response?

increase in heart rate and blood pressure

decrease in muscle tension

d. decrease in endorpl ins released

1

t

A

Exercise during which the patient does not assist the therapist is called?
9.

a.

coordinated

b. resistive

c.

d.

passive

active

c

10- Migraine and cluster headaches are?

a.

b.

tension headaches

vascular headaches

c. traumatic

d. psychogenic

1

1

.

What do you do if you are working on a client and he/she complains of pain

where you are working?

b

a say "no pain,

b. back off and

no ga n"

continue communicating to be sure they are comfortable now

c. stop the massage

d. only work areas thst don't cause pain

1 2.

If you are using a technique which requires firm pressure and it's causing pain,

you should

^^ ^ dtom quartify the pain and then modify your pressure

b. explain to the client why pain is necessary

a continue with the s:.me pressure

d. terminate the session

a

1 3.

What is the best position for masr aging a pregnant woman?

a.

b.

c.

d.

prone

supine

on her side

postural drainage position

14.

15.

Which BEST describes the locatior of the Yin channels?

a. anterior

b. posterior

c.

d. distal

proximal

If a client is HIV positive, but showing no symptoms, how do you treat him/her?

treat them as usual

gloves and mask

c. treat them as usual

b.

a.

d. do not treat them

a

a

1 6.

Which would you use to increase nobility at a joint?

a.

b.

c.

d. friction

gliding

range of motion

percussion

2

17.

Which of the following muscles spans two joints?

1 8.

1 9.

20.

21.

22.

23.

24.

a.

soleus

b.

anconeus

c.

brachialis

d.

gastrocnemius

Which is the best technique for creating heat in tissues?

a.

gliding

b.

kneading

c.

friction

d.

tapotement

Which is an endangerment site located behind the knee?

a.

popliteal artery

b.

median nerve

c.

carotid artery

d.

femoral artery

Which is an endangerment site located in the anterior elbow?

a.

popliteal artery

b.

carotid artery

c.

jugular vein

d.

median cubital vein

When you are doing a soothing, relaxation massage, what are you reducing?

a.

adrenaline

b.

glycogen

c.

oxytocin

d.

prolactin

If you're standing on your tip toes and have pain in your leg, which muscle is involved?

a.

gastrocnemius

b.

semitendinosus

c.

semimembranosus

d.

rhomboids

When a client mentions during a session that he or she is considering suicide, the

massage/bodywork practitioner rhould?

a. schedule a treatment for the next day

b. maintain confidentiality at all costs

c. refer to a mental healthcare professional

d. counsel the client to not take life so seriously

What should you do for a conscious adult who is choking and cannot cough, speak or breathe?

a. give two full breaths

b. do a finger sweep

c. give abdominal thrusts

d. lower the person to the floor and open the airway

- 25.

Client has upper right thoracic ca .*ity pain?

a.

refer to physician

b.

massage to relieve pain

c.

use heat and exercise right shoulder

d.

use very light massage to relieve pain

26. What would be the primary concc-rn when massaging the face?

a.

release the TMJ

b.

work deep on the temporal area and release the jaw

c.

gentle strokes and ;e careful not to apply pressure over the eyes

d.

avoid the axillary artery

27. What is the BEST way for a diem with mild, low back pain to bend forward from

a standing position to avoid further aggravating the condition?

a.

extend the knees while bending and straightening

b.

tighten the quadriceps

c.

precede the movement with posterior pelvic tilt

d.

flex the knees whil- bending and straightening

28. The function of ligaments is to?

 

a.

move a joint

b.

stabilize the joint

c.

connect muscles to bones

d.

connect muscles to muscles

29.

If when palpating a tight muscle you discovered a band of fibrous adhesion,

what would be the best technique to relieve the fibrosity?

 

a. gliding

b. kneading

c. friction

d.

percussion

30.

Client trips at your front door, fall n and breaks their leg. what sort of

insurance covers it?

a.

liability

b.

malpractice

c.

life

d.

health

31 .

Which of the following is a conta ndication for joint mobilization?

 

a.

spasm

b.

inflammation

c.

painful joints

d.

reversible hypomobi ity

32.

Where is the center of gravity for a massage/bodywork therapist?

i

a.

knees

b.

shoulders

c.

pelvis

d.

legs

4

\

33. Which basic technique is used in the Trager Technique?

a.

rocking

b.

gliding strokes

c.

friction

d.

percussion

34.

Which would be contraindicated when doing range of motion on

the lower extremity of a supine .lient?

 

. a.

make sure the hip

doesn't rotate as it flexes

b.

make sure the hip does rotate as you flex

c.

make sure you don't hyperextend the knee

d.

make sure the hip doesn't hyperextend

35.

If you ask a client to turn his/her head to the side so you can see how much

range of motion he/she has, this is considered what type of movement?

 

a.

passive

b.

active

c.

active resisted

d.

asthenic

36.

Which muscle would you need to strengthen after a lateral ankle sprain?

 

a.

gastrocnemius

b.

soleus

c.

popliteus

d.

peroneus longus

37.

Which type of movement occurs at the radioulnar joints?

 

a.

abduction

b.

gliding

c.

rotation

d.

adduction

38.

Integumentary system is responsible for?

 

a.

solid waste removal

b.

temperature regulation

c.

secretes bile

d.

circulates oxygen throughout the body

- 39.

If you have a recent injury that is swollen and hot, how do you classify that?

40r

a. acute

b. subacute

c.

chronic

d. b and c

Spasm in which muscle can lead to irritation of the sciatic nerve?

a.

piriformis

b.

obturator internus

c.

gemellus superior

d.

gluteus minimus

41. Massaging distal to proximal in the extremities would help decrease edema by affecting fluid movement in?

a. lymphatic vessels

b. venules

c.

capillaries

d. arteries

42. Deep massage relieves muscle spasm by?

a. causing hyperemia and increased local circulation

b.

c.

causing increased systemic circulation

increasing the nociception

d. both b and c

^ 43.

What organ functions in the filtering of dead red blood cells and platelets?

a. the spleen

b. the pancreas

c. the gallbladder

d. the liver

i

44.

45.

46.

~ 47.

Which massage/bodywork movement raises, squeezes, rolls, or pinches the skin

and muscular tissues with firm pressure?

a.

b.

c.

vibration

kneading

percussion

d. cross fiber friction

b

The

sternocleidomastoid muscle is not usually massaged bilaterally simultaneously a

because of the?

a. common carotid artery

b.

c.

d.

aorta

thyroid

parathyroid

Which massage techniques would stimulate a muscle and cause local vasodilation? b

a. gliding and kneading

b. kneading and friction

c. friction and vibration

d. percussion and vibration

Which endangerment site would you need to avoid when compressing the sternum? b

a.

articular facets of the ribs

b.

xiphoid process

c.

sternal body

d.

carotid artery

48. How do you know when the client relaxes?

a. closed eyes

b.

c.

d.

sleeping

deep rhythmic breathing snoring

6

c

49. While giving a massage, how do you know if your pressure is causing discomfort?

50.

51

a.

b.

c.

d.

he/she is holding his/her breath

slow breathing

redness of skin

increase in skin temperature

Universal sign for choking?

a. "I'm choking"

b.

coughing

c. waving arms overhead

d. grasping the thrcjt

If a client over the age of 40 hes abdomen pain and fever during a session, the

massage/bodywork practitioner should?

a.

b.

c.

d.

refer the client to a physician and proceed with the massage

refer the client to a physician and not proceed with the massage

recommend antacid and proceed with the massage

recommend antacid and not proceed with the massage

52. Palpation of which body landmrrk helps to locate a common endangerment site?

V -

- 53.

a.

patella

b.

tibial tuberosity

c.

supraspinous process

d.

medial epicondyle of the humerus

Spasmodic torticollis involves which of the following muscles?

a.

subclavius

b.

sternocleidomastoid

c.

splenius capitis

d.

rotatores brevis

54. What is the effect of a reflex initiated by a Golgi tendon organ?

a.

b.

c.

d.

muscle contraction

muscle lengthening

antagonist contraction

b and c

55. A client has trouble flexing his/her forearm and abducting the arm.

Which muscles are involved in this restriction?

a.

b.

biceps brachii and deltoid

supraspinatiis and deltoid

c. pectoralis major a. id deltoid

d. coracobrachialis s id latissimus dorsi

56. If a client has an emotional rele* >;e on the table and starts crying,

what should you do?

a

d

b

d

b

d

a

a

a. be supportive and ask if it's okay to continue working

b. ask the client to U uve and come back when he/she is emotionally stable

c. refer him/her to a psychologist

d. ignore it

7

57.

58.

Massage below the navel is contraindicated in what condition?

a.

unethical

b. bladder irritation

c. uncomfortable

d.

constipation

\

During abdominal massage?

a.

b.

c.

the knees should be flexed

tapotement should be used

the legs should be flat on the table

a

d. a rolled towel should be used under the ankles

59. Which term wou^best describe the art of feeling muscles for tension and changes?b

60

6 ,

.

'

62.

b.

palpation

c. range of motion

d.

friction

^^

2«!^

d,sease

;

b°dy tem P e '«ure. acute infectious

.nflammatjoa osteo P oros,s. and varicose veins are examples of massage?

b. indications

c. results

d.

contraindications

d

Which of these «ch.ue S involves .he hends m0vin 9 in opposite directions?

b

b.

c

wringing

vibration

/

d.

tapotement

v

The term »or ^nho^snd mein.eining belence * ,he systems of the body is? a

b.

c.

d.

hemopoeisis

osteogenesis

g'uconeogenesis

63. Hemopoiesis, blood cell formation, takes place in?

a.

b.

osteocytes

osteoclasts

c. hyoid tissue

d. red bone marrow

64. Which of the following is

a.

b.

an example of a saddle joint?

atlas and axis

radius and carpals

c. proximal and distal interphalangeal

d. carpal and metacarj al of the thumb

°

8

65.

The carpometacarpal joint of the thumb is which type of joint?

a. ball and socket

b. ellipsoidal

 

c.

saddle

d.

syndesmosis

66.

Degenerative joint cartilage is found in? *

 

a.

rheumatoid arthritis

b.

osteoarthritis

c.

gouty arthritis

d.

bursitis

67.

Which best represents a medial rotation?

 

a.

turning the head

b.

humerus turning in

c.

leg turning out

d.

ankle turning out

68.

Which term is defined as specific resistance to disease?

 

a.

immunity

b.

susceptibility

69.

70.

71 .

c. antigen-antibody complexes

d. anamnestic response

To increase venous return, the therapist should elevate the limb?

a.

b.

during the massage of the limb

after the massage

c. before the massage

d. not at all

How can a bladder infection go into the kidneys?

a. through the ureters

b. through the urethra

c. through the glomerulus

d. through the nephron

Tapotement should never be used?

a.

b.

c.

over the heart

on the legs

over the kidneys

d. prior to effleurage

72. Which massage/bodywork systems focus on releasing energy blocks by

contacting specific points on the body?

a

a. polarity therapy and Shiatsu

b. craniosacral therapy and Myofacial release

c. neuromuscular thereby and Cyriax transverse friction

d. joint mobilization and Alexander technique

73.

Movement occurs with which t pe of contraction?

 

a.

isotonic

b.

tonic

c.

isometric

d.

tetanic

74.

Which is the correct order of thu layers of the skin, from deep to superficial?

 

a.

epidermis, dermis, superficial fascia

b.

dermis, superficial fascia, epidermis

c.

superficial fascia, dermis, epidermis

d.

superficial fascia, epidermis, dermis

75.

List the classifications of the joi its in order of least to greatest degree of mobility.

 

a.

synarthrosis, diarthrosis, amphiarthrosis

b.

diarthrosis, amphi arthrosis, synarthrosis

c.

synarthrosis, amphiarthrosis, diarthrosis

d.

amphiarthrosfs, synarthrosis, diarthrosis

76.

When doing joint mobilization, the meeting of bone is known as?

 

a.

lax end feel

b.

loose end feel

c.

soft end feel

d.

hard end feel

77.

Which of the following describe:, pitting edema?

 

a.

you press into the tissue, an indentation remains

b.

you press into the tissue, fluids will ooze out

c.

you tap the tissue it is numb and red

d.

you tap the tissue it is red and painful

78.

Which bony landmark is palpate*! to assist in locating the brachial plexus?

 

a.

clavicle

b.

olecranon

c.

lateral malleolus

d.

spine of the scapuia

 

\-

79.

In massaging the gracilis, care should be taken to avoid pressure on the?

 

a.

brachial artery

b.

trigeminal nerve

c.

femoral nerve

d.

popliteal artery

80.

Why should you cover burns with a clean or sterile dressing?

a. to prevent infectic.i

b. to cool the burned area

c. to keep the burner: area warm

d. a and c

10

81 .

If a client asks you to squeeze a blackhead, what do you do?

 

a.

refuse due to hygione

b.

do so because it is requested

c.

charge more for that service

d.

b and c

82.

What is the term used for increased blood flow in tissue?

 

a.

hyperemia

b.

hypothermia

c.

hyperthermia

d.

hyperthyrea

83.

Which technique would be the bust for creating a local hyperemia?

 

a.

gliding

b.

kneading

c.

friction

bv

vibration

84.

Which hydrotherpeutic technique would cause immediate vasodilation, hyperemia

and redness in the skin?

a.

ice

b.

cold immersion

c.

heat

d.

prolonged cold

85. Alternate contraction and dilation of blood vessels is an effect of?

a.

cold compress

b.

contrast bath

c.

percussion douche

d.

salt glow

86. Chemical packs are indicated for?

a

a

c

c

b

a

a.

pain relief, relax muscle spasm, increase blood flow

b.

old sprains, hypertension in musculature

c.

treating diseases using temperatures above 1 05 degrees

d.

acute trauma

87. Local applications of moist heat to the body surface are called?

a.

fomentations

b.

poultices

c.

inflammation reducers

d.

thermal packs

88. Analgesia is MOST quickly produced with the application of?

a.

an ice pack

b.

ice massage

c.

a cold wrap

d.

moist heat

11

a

a

89.

90.

91 .

92.

93.

94.

95.

96.

Which of the following is an infk nmatory joint condition caused by deposits of uric acid crystals?

a. rheumatoid arthritic

b.

bursitis

c. tendosynovitis

d.

gout

Which physiological change occurs during the first stage of the tissue

repair process?

a. histamine release

b. collagen remodeling

c. increased fibrin production

d. decreased leukocyte migration

Blood going to the lungs from th<* heart would pass through?

a. the aorta

b. the left ventricle

c. the pulmonary artery

d. the left atrium

During massage, the area of the body bordered by the clavicle, sternum, and

pectoralis can be considered an cndangerment site because it contains the?

a.

subclavian vein

b.

carotid artery

c.

lymph nodes

d.

epidermal tissue

In Shiatsu, where is the hara located?

a.

abdomen

b.

chest

c.

heart

d.

head

Which organ is protected by the sternum and vertebral column?

a.

b.

c.

d.

heart

thyroid

spleen

stomach

Which is the master gland?

a.

pituitary

b.

adrenal

c.

pancreas

d.

thyroid

In what abdominopelvic quadrant

a. upper left

b. lower left

c. upper right

d. lower right

is the gall bladder located?

12

d

a

c

a

a

a

a

c

97 How many pairs of spinal nerves are there?

a.

31

b.

62

c.

124

d.

248

98. Client presents with an injured joint, you apply a/an?

a.

b.

c.

ace bandage

sling

support above the joint

d. firm stable support

99. Nerve cells consist of all the following except?

a. body/soma

b. sarcolemma

c.

d.

axon

dendrite

1 00. Deep massage techniques for the sartorius must be applied with caution

to avoid endangerment of the?

 

a.

common peroneal norve

b.

popliteal lymph nodes

c.

greater saphenous vain

d.

lesser saphenous vein

101.

Concentric contraction of the triceps brachii results in?

 

a.

elbow flexion

b.

elbow extension

c.

shoulder flexion

d.

shoulder abduction

102.

Which muscle must be strengthened when there is a lateral ankle sprain?

 

a. soleus

b. gastrocnemius

c.

tibialis anterior.

d.

peroneus longus

103.

Which muscle would primarily be affected by TMJ dysfunction?

 

a.

sternocleidomastoid

b.

trapezius

c.

masseter

d.

scalenes

104.

Which muscles are MOST important to massage in assisting respiratory function?

a. intercostal

b. latissimus dorsi

c. external oblique

d.

sternocleidomastoid

13

a

d

b

c

b

d

c

a

105.

Muscle of relaxed inspiration?

a.

diaphragm

b.

intercostals

c.

anterior scalenes

d.

serratus anterior

106. In what area