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GSM BSS GBSS15.

Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description


Issue Date 01 2013-05-06

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2013. All rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

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and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective holders.

Notice
The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the contract made between Huawei and the customer. All or part of the products, services and features described in this document may not be within the purchase scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise specified in the contract, all statements, information, and recommendations in this document are provided "AS IS" without warranties, guarantees or representations of any kind, either express or implied. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and recommendations in this document do not constitute a warranty of any kind, express or implied.

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.


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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

Contents

Contents
1 About This Document..................................................................................................................1
1.1 Scope..............................................................................................................................................................................1 1.2 Intended Audience..........................................................................................................................................................1 1.3 Change History...............................................................................................................................................................1

2 Overview.........................................................................................................................................3
2.1 Introduction....................................................................................................................................................................3 2.2 Benefits...........................................................................................................................................................................3 2.3 Feature Support by NE...................................................................................................................................................4

3 Technical Description...................................................................................................................5 4 Related Features.............................................................................................................................7


4.1 Prerequisite Feature........................................................................................................................................................7 4.2 Mutually Exclusive Feature............................................................................................................................................7 4.3 Affected Feature.............................................................................................................................................................7

5 Impact on the Network.................................................................................................................9


5.1 Impact on System Capacity............................................................................................................................................9 5.2 Impact on Network Performance....................................................................................................................................9

6 Engineering Guidelines.............................................................................................................10
6.1 When to Use Active TBF Allocation...........................................................................................................................10 6.2 Information to Be Collected.........................................................................................................................................10 6.3 Network Planning.........................................................................................................................................................10 6.3.1 RF Planning...............................................................................................................................................................10 6.3.2 Network Topology.....................................................................................................................................................11 6.3.3 Hardware Planning....................................................................................................................................................11 6.4 Deploying Active TBF Allocation...............................................................................................................................11 6.4.1 Deployment Requirements........................................................................................................................................11 6.4.2 Data Preparation........................................................................................................................................................12 6.4.3 Feature Activation.....................................................................................................................................................12 6.4.4 Activation Observation..............................................................................................................................................13 6.4.5 Deactivation...............................................................................................................................................................14 6.5 Monitoring....................................................................................................................................................................15 6.6 Parameter Optimization................................................................................................................................................15 Issue 01 (2013-05-06) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. ii

GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

Contents

6.7 Troubleshooting............................................................................................................................................................15

7 Parameters.....................................................................................................................................16 8 Counters........................................................................................................................................50 9 Glossary.........................................................................................................................................53 10 Reference Documents...............................................................................................................54

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

1 About This Document

1
1.1 Scope 1.2 Intended Audience
This document is intended for: l l

About This Document

This document describes the GBFD-119407 Active TBF Allocation feature.

Personnel who need to understand the Active TBF Allocation feature Personnel who work with Huawei GPRS products

1.3 Change History


This section provides information about the changes in different document versions. There are two types of changes, which are defined as follows: l l Feature change: refers to a change in the Active TBF Allocation feature of a specific product version. Editorial change: refers to a change in wording or the addition of information that was not described in the earlier version.

Document Issues
The document issue is as follows: l l 01 (2013-05-06) Draft A (2013-02-27)

01 (2013-05-06)
This is the first commercial release of GBSS15.0. Compared with Draft A (2013-02-27), Issue 01 (2013-05-06) has no change.
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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

1 About This Document

Draft A (2013-02-27)
This is a draft. Compared with Issue 01 (2012-11-07) of GBSS14.0, Draft A (2013-02-27) of GBSS15.0 incorporates the changes described in the following table. Change Type Feature change Change Description Added descriptions about the BSC6910 and eGBTS. Added the section 2.3 Feature Support by NE. Added the following sections: l 6.4.1 Deployment Requirements l 6.4.2 Data Preparation l 6.4.3 Feature Activation l 6.4.4 Activation Observation l 6.4.5 Deactivation Parameter Change None

Editorial change

None

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

2 Overview

2
2.1 Introduction

Overview

In recent years, GSM packet-switched (PS) services have developed rapidly to supplement UMTS PS services in terms of wireless coverage. Data traffic is multiplied every year. The percentage of wireless resources occupied by PS services rapidly increases. However, operators benefit less from each packet data channel (PDCH) during peak hours. This is because lowthroughput services occupy a large proportion of the services on live networks and the number of temporary block flows (TBFs) multiplexed on a PDCH cannot reflect the actual PDCH usage. During a TBF, only data transmission occupies transmission resources on the Um interface even though data transmission time accounts for only part of a TBF life cycle. For low-throughput services, data transmission time accounts for a small part of a TBF life cycle. This leads to a low efficiency for PDCHs to carry TBFs, which wastes channel resources. The Active TBF Allocation feature enables the BSC to periodically measure the downlink TBF transmission on PDCHs and directs the BSC to allocate TBFs to PDCHs to balance the loads between PDCHs. This brings the following benefits: l l Increases the downlink logical link control (LLC) throughput for GPRS and EGPRS MSs when the number of activated PDCHs is constant. Decreases the number of activated PDCHs and improves the efficiency in which PDCHs carry TBFs, while maintaining the cell throughput and downlink user rate. This reduces network interference.

2.2 Benefits
The Active TBF Allocation feature applies to areas with hot spots for PS services with the following characteristics: l l PS traffic volume is high. For example, the average downlink PDCH multiplexing rate is 3 or higher. Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) and instant messaging (IM) services account for a large proportion of PS services, among which IM services account for more than 60%. These hot spots include colleges, waiting rooms, and shopping malls. Enabling this feature in the preceding scenarios provides the following benefits:
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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

2 Overview

Increases the downlink LLC throughput of GPRS or EGPRS MSs by 10% to 20% when the number of activated PDCHs remains unchanged. This significantly improves the PS user rate and user experience. Decreases the number of activated PDCHs by 10% to 25% and increases the efficiency in which PDCHs carry TBFs by 10% to 25%, while maintaining the cell throughput and downlink user rate. This improves the usage of TRX resources, reduces unwanted capacity expansions, and brings more profits to operators. Optimizes the PDCH allocation by simultaneously adjusting the PS user rate and the number of activated PDCHs, for example, increases the PS user rate while decreasing the number of activated PDCHs.

2.3 Feature Support by NE


Table 2-1 Feature support by NE Feature Active TBF Allocation BSC6900 BSC6910 GBTS eGBTS

NOTE

indicates that the NE supports this feature. indicates that the NE does not support this feature.

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

3 Technical Description

3
l l

Technical Description

On live GSM networks, the BSC uses the common PDCH allocation algorithm to allocate PDCHs to MSs and perform dynamic PDCH conversions based on the number of TBFs multiplexed on PDCHs. In this scenario, the BSC: Preferentially allocates PDCHs or PDCH channel groups that carry a small number of TBFs. Triggers a dynamic PDCH conversion when the average number of TBFs on PDCHs reaches the specified threshold.

The number of TBFs multiplexed on a PDCH cannot reflect the actual PDCH usage. For lowthroughput services, data transmission time is a small part of a TBF life cycle. This leads to a PDCH usage. The BSC uses the active TBF allocation algorithm to calculate the downlink load on each PDCH in a cell and allocate PDCHs to MSs based on the downlink PDCH load to balance the loads between PDCHs. This increases the downlink LLC throughput of GPRS or EGPRS MSs and improves user experience. Assuming that three PDCHs (P1, P2, and P3) are available. The following table lists the number of TBFs multiplexed on each of the three PDCHs and the types of services carried by these TBFs. Table 3-1 TBFs multiplexed and services carried on PDCHs PDCH No. P1 Number of TBFs Multiplexed on a PDCH 3 Services Carried by TBFs Two TBFs carry lowthroughput services, and the other TBF carries File Transfer Protocol (FTP) services. Both TBFs carry FTP services. All TBFs carry lowthroughput services.

P2 P3

2 3

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

3 Technical Description

In this example, the differences between the common PDCH allocation algorithm and the active TBF allocation algorithm in terms of TBF allocation are as follows: In the common PDCH allocation algorithm, the BSC preferentially allocates P2 to a newly accessed MS. This brings a problem that the data transmission rate decreases for the highthroughput FTP services carried by the TBFs on P2 because the newly accessed PS services occupy TBF resources on P2. In the active TBF allocation algorithm, the BSC monitors and measures the data traffic or load on each PDCH before allocating PDCHs to an MS. The BSC detects that P3 is carrying lowthroughout services while P2 is carrying high-throughput FTP services. Therefore, the BSC attempts to allocate P3 rather than P2 to the newly accessed MS. In this manner, data traffic of different services is evenly distributed on PDCHs to achieve conflict-free data transmission. The BSC implements the Active TBF Allocation feature as follows: 1. 2. Monitors the downlink data transmission on each PDCH in real time and periodically measures the downlink load of each PDCH. Preferentially allocates PDCHs with lighter loads to MSs based on the latest load information of PDCHs. This balances the loads between PDCHs and improves the downlink user rate.

To enable the Active TBF Allocation feature, set ACTIVETBFSWITCH(GSM BSC6900,GSM BSC6910) to ON(On). You can view the values of the AL9529: Downlink Throughput of GPRS Users LLC PDU or AL9530: Downlink Throughput of EGPRS Users LLC PDU counter to know the benefits of this feature on the PS user rate. To increase the efficiency in which PDCHs carry TBFs, set the following parameters to large values: UPDYNCHNTRANLEV(GSM BSC6900,GSM BSC6910) and DWNDYNCHNTRANLEV (GSM BSC6900,GSM BSC6910) l If either of the two parameters is set to a large value, the average number of activated PDCHs is small. This improves the efficiency in which PDCHs carry TBFs and the gains in key performance indicators (KPIs) for circuit switched (CS) services. However, if either is set to a too large value, the performance of PS services may deteriorate and the downlink PS user rate decreases. If either of the two parameters is set to a small value, the average number of activated PDCHs is large. This reduces the efficiency in which PDCHs carry TBFs, decreases the gains in KPIs for CS services, but increases the user rate and improves user experience.

Therefore, adjust the values of the preceding parameters according to actual network conditions and operators' requirements.

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

4 Related Features

4
4.1 Prerequisite Feature 4.2 Mutually Exclusive Feature
None

Related Features

This feature depends on the GBFD-114101 GPRS feature.

4.3 Affected Feature


If... This feature and GBFD-511603 IM Service Efficiency Improvement are both enabled Then The IMPDCHMULTIPLEXWEIGHT (GSM BSC6900,GSM BSC6910) parameter does not take effect for GBFD-511603 IM Service Efficiency Improvement. The WEBPDCHMULTIPLEXWEIGHT (GSM BSC6900,GSM BSC6910) parameter does not take effect for GBFD-511604 Web Browsing Service Efficiency Improvement. The EMAILPDCHMULTIPLEXWEIGHT (GSM BSC6900,GSM BSC6910) parameter does not take effect for GBFD-511605 Email Service Efficiency Improvement. The STREAMPDCHMULTIPLEXWEIGHT(GSM BSC6900,GSM BSC6910) parameter does not take effect for GBFD-511606 Streaming Media Service Resource Balancing.

This feature and GBFD-511604 Web Browsing Service Efficiency Improvement are both enabled This feature and GBFD-511605 Email Service Efficiency Improvement are both enabled This feature and GBFD-511606 Streaming Media Service Resource Balancing are both enabled

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

4 Related Features

If... This feature and GBFD-511607 P2P Resource Balancing are both enabled

Then The P2PPDCHMULTIPLEXWEIGHT (GSM BSC6900,GSM BSC6910) parameter does not take effect for GBFD-511607 P2P Resource Balancing.

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

5 Impact on the Network

5
l l

Impact on the Network

5.1 Impact on System Capacity


On the live network, the number of TBFs multiplexed on a PDCH cannot reflect the actual PDCH usage. For low-throughput services, data transmission time is a small part of a TBF life cycle. This leads to a low PDCH usage. The Active TBF Allocation feature directs the BSC to allocate PDCHs to TBFs to balance the loads between PDCHs. Enabling this feature has the following impacts on system capacity: Increases the downlink LLC throughput of GPRS or EGPRS MSs when the number of activated PDCHs remains unchanged or decreases. Increases the efficiency in which PDCHs carry TBFs by decreasing the number of activated PDCHs, while maintaining the cell throughput and downlink user rate.

5.2 Impact on Network Performance


Enabling this feature has the following impacts on network performance: l l Increases the downlink LLC throughput for GPRS and EGPRS MSs by 10% to 20% when the number of activated PDCHs remains unchanged or decreases. Decreases the number of activated PDCHs by 10% to 25% and increases the efficiency in which PDCHs carry TBFs by 10% to 25%, while maintaining the cell throughput and downlink user rate. This improves the usage of TRX resources. Increases the uplink PDCH multiplexing rate and decreases the uplink LLC throughput for GPRS and EGPRS MSs if the number of PDCHs decreases. This is because this feature enables the BSC to allocate PDCHs based on only the downlink TBF transmission. To increase the uplink LLC throughput of GPRS or EGPRS MSs, increase the uplink coding scheme for transmission during initial access. Increases the CPU usage on the control plane and the user plane by a maximum of 2.5% because enabling this feature causes periodic measurements of downlink TBF transmission. This decreases network capacity.

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

6 Engineering Guidelines

6
l l

Engineering Guidelines

6.1 When to Use Active TBF Allocation


The effect of the Active TBF Allocation feature depends on the PS service model, traffic volume, and parameter settings. It is recommended that this feature be used when both the following conditions are met: PS traffic volume is high. For example, the average PDCH multiplexing rate is 3 or higher and the average number of activated PDCHs is greater than 8. WAP and IM services account for a large proportion of PS services, among which IM services account for more than 60%.

If either of the preceding conditions is not met, do not enable this feature because the gains will be negligible.

6.2 Information to Be Collected


Before deploying the Active TBF Allocation feature, collect the following information to evaluate performance gains: l l l l l Proportion of PDCHs during peak hours Efficiency in which PDCHs carry TBFs PDCH multiplexing rate User rate Proportion of PS services among all services

6.3 Network Planning


6.3.1 RF Planning
N/A

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6 Engineering Guidelines

6.3.2 Network Topology


N/A

6.3.3 Hardware Planning


N/A

6.4 Deploying Active TBF Allocation


6.4.1 Deployment Requirements
Table 6-1 Deployment requirements Aspect Related features BSC BTS GSM networking MS MSC License Requirement See chapter 4 Related Features The BSC is configured with a built-in packet control unit (PCU), PS service processing boards, and Gb interface boards. None None None None The license controlling this feature has been activated. For details on how to activate the license, see License Management Feature Parameter Description. For details about license items, see License Control Item Description. None

Others

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6 Engineering Guidelines

6.4.2 Data Preparation


Table 6-2 Data preparation Parame ter Name Parameter ID Remarks (Configuratio n Principle for Different Scenarios) BSC6900/ BSC6910 Data Source Parame ter Name

Dynami c TBF Switch Uplink Multiple x Threshol d of Dynami c Channel Conversi on

ACTIVETBFSWIT CH(GSM BSC6900,GSM BSC6910) UPDYNCHNTRAN LEV(GSM BSC6900,GSM BSC6910)

Set this parameter to ON (ON).

Network planning

BSC6900/ BSC6910

To increase the downlink LLC throughput for GPRS and EGPRS MSs, you only need to set Dynamic TBF Switch to ON(ON). To achieve the gains in the efficiency in which PDCHs carry TBFs, set Dynamic TBF Switch to ON(ON) and Uplink Multiplex Threshold of Dynamic Channel Conversion to a large value.

Network planning

Downlin k Multiple x Threshol d of Dynami c Channel Conversi on

DWNDYNCHNTRA NLEV(GSM BSC6900,GSM BSC6910)

BSC6900/ BSC6910

To increase the downlink LLC throughput for GPRS and EGPRS MSs, you only need to set Dynamic TBF Switch to ON(ON). To increase the efficiency in which PDCHs carry TBFs, set Dynamic TBF Switch to ON(ON) and Downlink Multiplex Threshold of Dynamic Channel Conversion to a large value.

Network planning

6.4.3 Feature Activation


Using the LMT
On the BSC LMT, run the SET GCELLPSCHM command with Dynamic TBF Switch set to ON(ON).
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6 Engineering Guidelines

MML Examples
//Activating Active TBF Allocation SET GCELLPSCHM: IDTYPE=BYID, CELLID=1, ACTIVETBFSWITCH=ON;

Using the CME


NOTE

When configuring the Active TBF Allocation feature on the CME, you must perform a single configuration first, and then perform batch modifications if required. You must perform a single configuration for a parameter before batch modifications of the parameter. You are advised to perform batch modifications before logging out of the parameter setting interface.

Step 1 Configure a single object on the CME. (CME single configuration) Set parameters on the CME configuration interface according to the operation sequence described in Table 6-3. For the method of performing the CME single configuration, see CME Single Configuration Operation Guide. Step 2 (Optional) Modify objects in batches on the CME. (CME batch modification center) To modify objects, such as BSCs, BTSs, cells, and TRXs, in batches, click the icon on the CME configuration interface to start the batch modification wizard. For the method of performing batch modifications through the CME batch modification center, press F1 on the wizard interface to obtain online help. ----End Table 6-3 Configuring parameters on the CME SN Managed Object (MO) GCELLPSC HM NE Parameter Name Parameter ID Supports CME Batch Modificati on Center Yes

BSC6900/ BSC6910

Dynamic TBF Switch

ACTIVETB FSWITCH

6.4.4 Activation Observation


Step 1 Subscribe to the TX.DOWN.EGPRS.LLC.PDU.THRPUT.RATE.AVG counter (AL9530: Downlink Throughput of EGPRS Users LLC PDU). Step 2 On the BSC LMT, run the SET GTRXCHAN command with Channel Type set to PDTCH (PDTCH) for at least one channel and Channel Type set to TCHFR(TCH Full Rate) for multiple channels. Step 3 Run the SET GCELLPSCHM command with Dynamic TBF Switch set to OFF(OFF). Step 4 Use multiple MSs to initiate EGPRS PS services. Ensure that most of them are low-throughput services and others are FTP services. Step 5 Run the SET GCELLPSCHM command with Dynamic TBF Switch set to ON(ON).
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6 Engineering Guidelines

Step 6 Maintain the EGPRS PS services in step 4 for a period of time. Expected result: The value of AL9530: Downlink Throughput of EGPRS Users LLC PDU increases after the Active TBF Allocation feature is enabled. ----End

6.4.5 Deactivation
Using the LMT
On the BSC LMT, run the SET GCELLPSCHM command with Dynamic TBF Switch set to OFF(OFF).

MML Examples
//Deactivating Active TBF Allocation SET GCELLPSCHM: IDTYPE=BYID, CELLID=1, ACTIVETBFSWITCH=OFF;

Using the CME


NOTE

When configuring the Active TBF Allocation feature on the CME, you must perform a single configuration first, and then perform batch modifications if required. You must perform a single configuration for a parameter before batch modifications of the parameter. You are advised to perform batch modifications before logging out of the parameter setting interface.

Step 1 Configure a single object on the CME. (CME single configuration) Set parameters on the CME configuration interface according to the operation sequence described in Table 6-4. For the method of performing the CME single configuration, see CME Single Configuration Operation Guide. Step 2 (Optional) Modify objects in batches on the CME. (CME batch modification center) icon on the To modify objects, such as BSCs, BTSs, cells, and TRXs, in batches, click the CME configuration interface to start the batch modification wizard. For the method of performing batch modifications through the CME batch modification center, press F1 on the wizard interface to obtain online help. ----End Table 6-4 Configuring the parameter on the CME SN MO NE Parameter Name Parameter ID Supports CME Batch Modificati on Center Yes

GCELLPSC HM

BSC6900/ BSC6910

Dynamic TBF Switch

ACTIVETB FSWITCH

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6 Engineering Guidelines

6.5 Monitoring
To determine whether network performance needs to be optimized after the Active TBF Allocation feature is enabled, monitor the counters related to the following aspects: 1. Downlink LLC throughput for GPRS MSs and downlink LLC throughput for EGPRS MSs These counters reflect increases in the downlink LLC throughput for GPRS and EGPRS MSs, respectively. 2. Average number of occupied PDCHs and the efficiency in which PDCHs carry TBFs These counters reflect the increase in the efficiency in which PDCHs carry TBFs. l Efficiency in which PDCHs carry TBFs (during half an hour) = (Total bytes of sent LLC PDUs x 8)/(1024 x 1800 x Average number of occupied PDCHs) l Efficiency in which PDCHs carry TBFs (during an hour) = (Total bytes of sent LLC PDUs x 8)/(1024 x 3600 x Average number of occupied PDCHs) 3. Percentage of half-rate TCH (TCHH) traffic volume and the downlink High Quality Indicator (HQI) These counters reflect the gains in voice quality. l l Percentage of TCHH traffic volume = K3034/K3014 Downlink HQI = (CS410B + CS410D + CS411B + CS411D)/(CS410B + CS410D + CS411B + CS411D + CS412B + CS412D + CS413B + CS413D + CS414B + CS414D + CS415B + CS415D + CS416B + CS416D + CS417B + CS417D)

The network performance does not need to be optimized if the gains reflected by the preceding counters are as expected.

6.6 Parameter Optimization


After enabling this feature, adjust the values of the UPDYNCHNTRANLEV and DWNDYNCHNTRANLEV parameters according to actual network conditions and operators' requirements to achieve optimum network performance. l If either of the two parameters is set to a large value, the average number of activated PDCHs is small. This improves the efficiency in which PDCHs carry TBFs and the gains in KPIs for CS services but may deteriorate the performance of PS services. If either of the two parameters is set to a small value, the average number of activated PDCHs is large. This reduces the efficiency in which PDCHs carry TBFs and the gains in KPIs for CS services but improves the user rate and user experience.

6.7 Troubleshooting
N/A

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

7 Parameters

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Table 7-1 Parameter description Parameter ID ACTIVETBFS WITCH NE BSC6900 MML Command SET GCELLPSCH M Feature ID GBFD-119407

Parameters

Feature Name Active TBF Allocation

Description Meaning:Wheth er to enable the Active TBF Allocation feature. When this parameter is set to ON(ON), the BSC enables the Active TBF Allocation feature. GUI Value Range:OFF (OFF), ON(ON) Unit:None Actual Value Range:OFF, ON Default Value:OFF (OFF)

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7 Parameters

Parameter ID ACTIVETBFS WITCH

NE BSC6910

MML Command SET GCELLPSCH M

Feature ID GBFD-119407

Feature Name Active TBF Allocation

Description Meaning:Wheth er to enable the Active TBF Allocation feature. When this parameter is set to ON(ON), the BSC enables the Active TBF Allocation feature. GUI Value Range:OFF (OFF), ON(ON) Unit:None Actual Value Range:OFF, ON Default Value:OFF (OFF)

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7 Parameters

Parameter ID UPDYNCHNT RANLEV

NE BSC6900

MML Command SET GCELLPSCH M

Feature ID GBFD-114101 GBFD-113101 GBFD-119303 GBFD-119501 GBFD-114201 GBFD-119505

Feature Name GPRS PDCH Dynamic Adjustment Load Sharing Adaptive Adjustment of Uplink and Downlink Channels EGPRS PDCH Dynamic Adjustment with Two Thresholds

Description Meaning:Dyna mic PDCH application and release policy when the cell load changes. The BSC triggers a dynamic PDCH application if "CHIDLHIGHT HR" is set to 100 and the number of users carried on the existing PDCHs exceed the value of this parameter divided by 10. The BSC triggers a dynamic PDCH application when the available bandwidth on PDCHs is less than the value of "PDCHGBR" in the "SET BTSOTHPARA " command, the proportion of idle TCHs is greater than the value of "CHIDLHIGHT HR", and the number of users carried on the PDCHs exceeds the value of this parameter divided by 10. A dynamic channel release is triggered when the following

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Parameter ID

NE

MML Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description conditions are met: "PSDUALTHR OPTSW" is set to OFF. "CHIDLHIGHT HR" is not set to 100. The proportion of idle CS channels is lower than "CHIDLLOWT HR". The number of uplink MSs carried on a PDCH is smaller than Uplink Multiplex Threshold of Dynamic Channel Conversion/10. If Abis or DSP resources are insufficient, the resources of other cells can be preempted only when the cell load is higher than Uplink Multiplex Threshold of Dynamic Channel Conversion/10, and the resources and channels can be released only when the cell load is lower than Uplink Multiplex Threshold of Dynamic Channel

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Parameter ID

NE

MML Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description Conversion/10. To implement timely dynamic channel conversion and reduce channel multiplexing, you are advised to set "UPDYNCHNT RANLEV" to a value smaller than "PDCHUPLEV ". GUI Value Range:10~70 Unit:None Actual Value Range:10~70 Default Value: 40

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7 Parameters

Parameter ID UPDYNCHNT RANLEV

NE BSC6910

MML Command SET GCELLPSCH M

Feature ID GBFD-114101 GBFD-113101 GBFD-119303 GBFD-119501 GBFD-114201 GBFD-119505

Feature Name GPRS PDCH Dynamic Adjustment Load Sharing Adaptive Adjustment of Uplink and Downlink Channels EGPRS PDCH Dynamic Adjustment with Two Thresholds

Description Meaning:Dyna mic PDCH application and release policy when the cell load changes. The BSC triggers a dynamic PDCH application if "CHIDLHIGHT HR" is set to 100 and the number of users carried on the existing PDCHs exceed the value of this parameter divided by 10. The BSC triggers a dynamic PDCH application when the available bandwidth on PDCHs is less than the value of "PDCHGBR" in the "SET BTSOTHPARA " command, the proportion of idle TCHs is greater than the value of "CHIDLHIGHT HR", and the number of users carried on the PDCHs exceeds the value of this parameter divided by 10. A dynamic channel release is triggered when the following

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7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description conditions are met: "PSDUALTHR OPTSW" is set to OFF. "CHIDLHIGHT HR" is not set to 100. The proportion of idle CS channels is lower than "CHIDLLOWT HR". The number of uplink MSs carried on a PDCH is smaller than Uplink Multiplex Threshold of Dynamic Channel Conversion/10. If Abis or GUPPS subsystem resources are insufficient, the resources of other cells can be preempted only when the cell load is higher than Uplink Multiplex Threshold of Dynamic Channel Conversion/10, and the resources and channels can be released only when the cell load is lower than Uplink Multiplex Threshold of

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description Dynamic Channel Conversion/10. To implement timely dynamic channel conversion and reduce channel multiplexing, you are advised to set "UPDYNCHNT RANLEV" to a value smaller than "PDCHUPLEV ". GUI Value Range:10~70 Unit:None Actual Value Range:10~70 Default Value: 40

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID DWNDYNCH NTRANLEV

NE BSC6900

MML Command SET GCELLPSCH M

Feature ID GBFD-114101 GBFD-113101 GBFD-119303 GBFD-119501 GBFD-114201 GBFD-119505

Feature Name GPRS PDCH Dynamic Adjustment Load Sharing Adaptive Adjustment of Uplink and Downlink Channels EGPRS PDCH Dynamic Adjustment with Two Thresholds

Description Meaning:Dyna mic PDCH application and release policy when the cell load changes. The BSC triggers a dynamic PDCH application if "CHIDLHIGHT HR" is set to 100 and the number of users carried on the existing PDCHs exceed the value of this parameter divided by 10. The BSC triggers a dynamic PDCH application when the available bandwidth on PDCHs is less than the value of "PDCHGBR" in the "SET BTSOTHPARA " command, the proportion of idle TCHs is greater than the value of "CHIDLHIGHT HR", and the number of users carried on the PDCHs exceeds the value of this parameter divided by 10. A dynamic channel release is triggered when the following

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description conditions are met: "PSDUALTHR OPTSW" is set to OFF. "CHIDLHIGHT HR" is not set to 100. The proportion of idle CS channels is lower than "CHIDLLOWT HR". The number of MSs carried on a PDCH is smaller than Downlink Multiplex Threshold of Dynamic Channel Conversion/10. If Abis or DSP resources are insufficient, the resources of other cells can be preempted only when the cell load is higher than Downlink Multiplex Threshold of Dynamic Channel Conversion/10, and the resources and channels can be released only when the cell load is lower than Downlink Multiplex Threshold of Dynamic Channel Conversion/10.

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description To implement timely dynamic channel conversion and reduce channel multiplexing, you are advised to set "DWNDYNCH NTRANLEV" to a value smaller than "PDCHUPLEV ". GUI Value Range:10~80 Unit:None Actual Value Range:10~80 Default Value: 40

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID DWNDYNCH NTRANLEV

NE BSC6910

MML Command SET GCELLPSCH M

Feature ID GBFD-114101 GBFD-113101 GBFD-119303 GBFD-119501 GBFD-114201 GBFD-119505

Feature Name GPRS PDCH Dynamic Adjustment Load Sharing Adaptive Adjustment of Uplink and Downlink Channels EGPRS PDCH Dynamic Adjustment with Two Thresholds

Description Meaning:Dyna mic PDCH application and release policy when the cell load changes The BSC triggers a dynamic PDCH application if "CHIDLHIGHT HR" is set to 100 and the number of users carried on the existing PDCHs exceed the value of this parameter divided by 10. The BSC triggers a dynamic PDCH application when the available bandwidth on PDCHs is less than the value of "PDCHGBR" in the "SET BTSOTHPARA " command, the proportion of idle TCHs is greater than the value of "CHIDLHIGHT HR", and the number of users carried on the PDCHs exceeds the value of this parameter divided by 10. A dynamic channel release is triggered when the following

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description conditions are met: "PSDUALTHR OPTSW" is set to OFF. "CHIDLHIGHT HR" is not set to 100. The proportion of idle CS channels is lower than "CHIDLLOWT HR". The number of MSs carried on a PDCH is smaller than Downlink Multiplex Threshold of Dynamic Channel Conversion/10. If Abis or GUPPS subsystem resources are insufficient, the resources of other cells can be preempted only when the cell load is higher than Downlink Multiplex Threshold of Dynamic Channel Conversion/10, and the resources and channels can be released only when the cell load is lower than Downlink Multiplex Threshold of Dynamic

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description Channel Conversion/10. To implement timely dynamic channel conversion and reduce channel multiplexing, you are advised to set "DWNDYNCH NTRANLEV" to a value smaller than "PDCHUPLEV ". GUI Value Range:10~80 Unit:None Actual Value Range:10~80 Default Value: 40

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID IMPDCHMUL TIPLEXWEIG HT

NE BSC6900

MML Command SET GCELLPSDIF FSERVICE

Feature ID GBFD-511603

Feature Name IM Service Efficiency Improvement

Description Meaning:PDCH multiplexing weight for IM services. The load in a cell is calculated as follows: (Average number of MSs processing IM services multiplexed on all PDCHs x IM PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs processing web browsing services multiplexed on all PDCHs x Web Browsing PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs processing email services multiplexed on all PDCHs x Email PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs processing streaming media services multiplexed on all PDCHs x Streaming Media PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description processing P2P services multiplexed on all PDCHs x P2P PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + Average number of MSs processing other services multiplexed on all PDCHs. GUI Value Range:10~100 Unit:None Actual Value Range:10~100 Default Value: 100

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID IMPDCHMUL TIPLEXWEIG HT

NE BSC6910

MML Command SET GCELLPSDIF FSERVICE

Feature ID GBFD-511603

Feature Name IM Service Efficiency Improvement

Description Meaning:PDCH multiplexing weight for IM services. The load in a cell is calculated as follows: (Average number of MSs processing IM services multiplexed on all PDCHs x IM PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs processing web browsing services multiplexed on all PDCHs x Web Browsing PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs processing email services multiplexed on all PDCHs x Email PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs processing streaming media services multiplexed on all PDCHs x Streaming Media PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description processing P2P services multiplexed on all PDCHs x P2P PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + Average number of MSs processing other services multiplexed on all PDCHs. GUI Value Range:10~100 Unit:None Actual Value Range:10~100 Default Value: 100

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID WEBPDCHM ULTIPLEXW EIGHT

NE BSC6900

MML Command SET GCELLPSDIF FSERVICE

Feature ID GBFD-511604

Feature Name Web Browsing Service Efficiency Improvement

Description Meaning:PDCH multiplexing weight for web browsing services. The load in a cell is calculated as follows: (Average number of MSs processing IM services multiplexed on all PDCHs x IM PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs processing web browsing services multiplexed on all PDCHs x Web Browsing PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs processing email services multiplexed on all PDCHs x Email PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs processing streaming media services multiplexed on all PDCHs x Streaming Media PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description number of MSs processing P2P services multiplexed on all PDCHs x P2P PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + Average number of MSs processing other services multiplexed on all PDCHs. GUI Value Range:10~100 Unit:None Actual Value Range:10~100 Default Value: 100

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID WEBPDCHM ULTIPLEXW EIGHT

NE BSC6910

MML Command SET GCELLPSDIF FSERVICE

Feature ID GBFD-511604

Feature Name Web Browsing Service Efficiency Improvement

Description Meaning:PDCH multiplexing weight for web browsing services. The load in a cell is calculated as follows: (Average number of MSs processing IM services multiplexed on all PDCHs x IM PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs processing web browsing services multiplexed on all PDCHs x Web Browsing PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs processing email services multiplexed on all PDCHs x Email PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs processing streaming media services multiplexed on all PDCHs x Streaming Media PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description number of MSs processing P2P services multiplexed on all PDCHs x P2P PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + Average number of MSs processing other services multiplexed on all PDCHs. GUI Value Range:10~100 Unit:None Actual Value Range:10~100 Default Value: 100

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID EMAILPDCH MULTIPLEX WEIGHT

NE BSC6900

MML Command SET GCELLPSDIF FSERVICE

Feature ID GBFD-511605

Feature Name Email Service Efficiency Improvement

Description Meaning:PDCH multiplexing weight for email services. The load in a cell is calculated as follows: (Average number of MSs processing IM services multiplexed on all PDCHs x IM PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs processing web browsing services multiplexed on all PDCHs x Web Browsing PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs processing email services multiplexed on all PDCHs x Email PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs processing streaming media services multiplexed on all PDCHs x Streaming Media PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description processing P2P services multiplexed on all PDCHs x P2P PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + Average number of MSs processing other services multiplexed on all PDCHs. GUI Value Range:10~100 Unit:None Actual Value Range:10~100 Default Value: 100

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID EMAILPDCH MULTIPLEX WEIGHT

NE BSC6910

MML Command SET GCELLPSDIF FSERVICE

Feature ID GBFD-511605

Feature Name Email Service Efficiency Improvement

Description Meaning:PDCH multiplexing weight for email services. The load in a cell is calculated as follows: (Average number of MSs processing IM services multiplexed on all PDCHs x IM PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs processing web browsing services multiplexed on all PDCHs x Web Browsing PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs processing email services multiplexed on all PDCHs x Email PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs processing streaming media services multiplexed on all PDCHs x Streaming Media PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description processing P2P services multiplexed on all PDCHs x P2P PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + Average number of MSs processing other services multiplexed on all PDCHs. GUI Value Range:10~100 Unit:None Actual Value Range:10~100 Default Value: 100

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID STREAMPDC HMULTIPLE XWEIGHT

NE BSC6900

MML Command SET GCELLPSDIF FSERVICE

Feature ID GBFD-511606

Feature Name Streaming Media Service Resource Balancing

Description Meaning:PDCH multiplexing weight for streaming media services. The load in a cell is calculated as follows: (Average number of MSs processing IM services multiplexed on all PDCHs x IM PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs processing web browsing services multiplexed on all PDCHs x Web Browsing PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs processing email services multiplexed on all PDCHs x Email PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs processing streaming media services multiplexed on all PDCHs x Streaming Media PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description number of MSs processing P2P services multiplexed on all PDCHs x P2P PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + Average number of MSs processing other services multiplexed on all PDCHs. GUI Value Range:10~100 Unit:None Actual Value Range:10~100 Default Value: 100

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID STREAMPDC HMULTIPLE XWEIGHT

NE BSC6910

MML Command SET GCELLPSDIF FSERVICE

Feature ID GBFD-511606

Feature Name Streaming Media Service Resource Balancing

Description Meaning:PDCH multiplexing weight for streaming media services. The load in a cell is calculated as follows: (Average number of MSs processing IM services multiplexed on all PDCHs x IM PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs processing web browsing services multiplexed on all PDCHs x Web Browsing PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs processing email services multiplexed on all PDCHs x Email PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs processing streaming media services multiplexed on all PDCHs x Streaming Media PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description number of MSs processing P2P services multiplexed on all PDCHs x P2P PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + Average number of MSs processing other services multiplexed on all PDCHs. GUI Value Range:10~100 Unit:None Actual Value Range:10~100 Default Value: 100

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID P2PPDCHMU LTIPLEXWEI GHT

NE BSC6900

MML Command SET GCELLPSDIF FSERVICE

Feature ID GBFD-511607

Feature Name P2P Resource Balancing

Description Meaning:PDCH multiplexing weight for P2P services. The load in a cell is calculated as follows: (Average number of MSs processing IM services multiplexed on all PDCHs x IM PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs processing web browsing services multiplexed on all PDCHs x Web Browsing PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs processing email services multiplexed on all PDCHs x Email PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs processing streaming media services multiplexed on all PDCHs x Streaming Media PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description processing P2P services multiplexed on all PDCHs x P2P PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + Average number of MSs processing other services multiplexed on all PDCHs. GUI Value Range:10~100 Unit:None Actual Value Range:10~100 Default Value: 100

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID P2PPDCHMU LTIPLEXWEI GHT

NE BSC6910

MML Command SET GCELLPSDIF FSERVICE

Feature ID GBFD-511607

Feature Name P2P Resource Balancing

Description Meaning:PDCH multiplexing weight for P2P services. The load in a cell is calculated as follows: (Average number of MSs processing IM services multiplexed on all PDCHs x IM PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs processing web browsing services multiplexed on all PDCHs x Web Browsing PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs processing email services multiplexed on all PDCHs x Email PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs processing streaming media services multiplexed on all PDCHs x Streaming Media PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + (Average number of MSs

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

7 Parameters

Parameter ID

NE

MML Command

Feature ID

Feature Name

Description processing P2P services multiplexed on all PDCHs x P2P PDCH Multiplexing Weight/100) + Average number of MSs processing other services multiplexed on all PDCHs. GUI Value Range:10~100 Unit:None Actual Value Range:10~100 Default Value: 100

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

8 Counters

8
Table 8-1 Counter description Counter ID 1282432035 Counter Name UPLINK.GPRS .TRAN.TBF.N UM.ON.GPRS. PDCH Counter Description R9396:Number of Concurrent Uplink GPRS TBFs in Transfer Mode on GPRS PDCH R9397:Number of Concurrent Downlink GPRS TBFs in Transfer Mode on GPRS PDCH R9398:Number of Concurrent Uplink GPRS TBFs in Transfer Mode on EGPRS PDCH R9399:Number of Concurrent Downlink GPRS TBFs in Transfer Mode on EGPRS PDCH NE BSC6910 Feature ID GBFD-119407 1282432036 DOWNLINK.G PRS.TRAN.TB F.NUM.ON.GP RS.PDCH BSC6910 GBFD-119407

Counters

Feature Name Active TBF Allocation

Active TBF Allocation

1282432037

UPLINK.GPRS .TRAN.TBF.N UM.ON.EGPR S.PDCH

BSC6910

GBFD-119407

Active TBF Allocation

1282432038

DOWNLINK.G PRS.TRAN.TB F.NUM.ON.EG PRS.PDCH

BSC6910

GBFD-119407

Active TBF Allocation

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

8 Counters

Counter ID 1282432039

Counter Name UPLINK.EGPR S.TRAN.TBF.N UM.ON.EGPR S.PDCH

Counter Description R9400:Number of Concurrent Uplink EGPRS TBFs in Transfer Mode on EGPRS PDCH R9400A:Numbe r of Concurrent Downlink EGPRS TBFs in Transfer Mode on EGPRS PDCH R9396:Number of Concurrent Uplink GPRS TBFs in Transfer Mode on GPRS PDCH R9397:Number of Concurrent Downlink GPRS TBFs in Transfer Mode on GPRS PDCH R9398:Number of Concurrent Uplink GPRS TBFs in Transfer Mode on EGPRS PDCH R9399:Number of Concurrent Downlink GPRS TBFs in Transfer Mode on EGPRS PDCH

NE BSC6910

Feature ID GBFD-119407

Feature Name Active TBF Allocation

1282432040

DOWNLINK.E GPRS.TRAN.T BF.NUM.ON.E GPRS.PDCH

BSC6910

GBFD-119407

Active TBF Allocation

1282432035

UPLINK.GPRS .TRAN.TBF.N UM.ON.GPRS. PDCH

BSC6900

GBFD-119407

Active TBF Allocation

1282432036

DOWNLINK.G PRS.TRAN.TB F.NUM.ON.GP RS.PDCH

BSC6900

GBFD-119407

Active TBF Allocation

1282432037

UPLINK.GPRS .TRAN.TBF.N UM.ON.EGPR S.PDCH

BSC6900

GBFD-119407

Active TBF Allocation

1282432038

DOWNLINK.G PRS.TRAN.TB F.NUM.ON.EG PRS.PDCH

BSC6900

GBFD-119407

Active TBF Allocation

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

8 Counters

Counter ID 1282432039

Counter Name UPLINK.EGPR S.TRAN.TBF.N UM.ON.EGPR S.PDCH

Counter Description R9400:Number of Concurrent Uplink EGPRS TBFs in Transfer Mode on EGPRS PDCH R9400A:Numbe r of Concurrent Downlink EGPRS TBFs in Transfer Mode on EGPRS PDCH

NE BSC6900

Feature ID GBFD-119407

Feature Name Active TBF Allocation

1282432040

DOWNLINK.E GPRS.TRAN.T BF.NUM.ON.E GPRS.PDCH

BSC6900

GBFD-119407

Active TBF Allocation

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

9 Glossary

9
For the acronyms, abbreviations, terms, and definitions, see Glossary.

Glossary

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GSM BSS Active TBF Allocation Feature Parameter Description

10 Reference Documents

10
1. 2. 3. 4.

Reference Documents

3GPP TS 44060: "Mobile Station (MS) - Base Station System (BSS) interface; Radio Link Control/Medium Access Control (RLC/MAC) protocol" 3GPP TS 44018: "Base Station System (BSS) - Serving GPRS Support Node (SGSN); BSS GPRS Protocol (BSSGP)" 3GPP TS 45002: "Radio Access Network; Multiplexing and multiple access on the radio path" 3GPP TS 24.008, 3GPP TS 48.018, and 3GPP TS 48.016 peer layer protocols between the BSS and the SGSN

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54