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8lAYll 'Alu Al-lA11l AlL olLuuAl

(1!!6-141 AlJ191-199 cl)



!



8ascJ cn an cuituary uy

'Allmah mult muhammad 1aqi Lsmani
loreword by 8haykh muhammad 8aleem uhorat


Obituary translated by Abu Lnaysah & lbrahim Amin al-luwaiti
lndnotes and addendum by Abu Asim ladrul lslam & 2ameelur kahman




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lirst edition: }anuary 2012
!000 copies (lor lree distribution only)
lree online edition: April 2012


No copyrights

lrovided that no alterations are made, this publication may be reproduced,
stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any lorm or by any means,
electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the
prior written permission ol the authors.


















2




contents



About the author !

lrelace:
8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah ! the inspiration 6

loreword 1

8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah ! 20

Notes !0

Addendum:
8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah's ! commendation (tariz)
ol 'Allmah mult muhammad 1aqi Lsmani's 1akmi|an latn a|-Vu|nim !8

8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah's ! commendation (tariz)
ol 'Allmah 7alar Ahmad 'Lthmn 1hnaw's ! |` a|-5unan 4

8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah's ! letter to
5naykn a|-uaJitn mawln muhammad 2akariyy lndhlaw ! 1




!




About the author

Abu Asim ladrul lslam



lorn in the town ol ueoband (L.l., lndia) on
th
8hawwl 1!62 Al (!
rd
October
194! cl), 'Allmah mult muhammad 1aqi Lsmani is one ol the greatest
living authorities in the sciences ol lslm, particularly hadth, lslamic
linance, lslamic law and its modern application. le was brought up and
trained over a period ol thirty years by his illustrious lather, the legendary
lmm 'Allmah mult muhammad 8hal' !, the grand mult ol lndia and
lakistan consecutively, one ol the lounding lathers ol the lslmic kepublic ol
lakistan, and popularly known as the author ol 1ajsir Varij a|-qur`n (see:
amnt min uayt a|-q( VunammaJ 1ai a|-0tnmni, p. 11).

mult muhammad 1aqi Lsmani studied under some ol the greatest 'u|am`
and masnyikn ol the last century, all ol whom granted him lormal ijzt in
the sciences ol lslam. 1he depth ol his knowledge ol liqh and its application
can be gauged lrom the lact that one ol his lirst lormal published latwas was
issued whilst he was still a student ol the uars-c-Nizmi course (belore
commencing the linal uawra-c-naJitn year) during 1!8 Al (199 cl) at the
astonishing age ol sixteen, which was checked and endorsed by his
illustrious lather who expressed his surprise and satislaction at this in a
written note added to the latwa (see: lini Va|t, 2:!!). ln the loreword to
his recently published lour-volume latw 0tnmni (1:!!), he himsell
mentions how he had written his lirst latwa even belore then. le says that
during 1! Al (198 cl), when he was still a student ol the lirst two volumes
4

ol the lour-volume lithographic lndian edition ol lmm Al-marghnn's !
A|-uiJyan in lanal liqh, his illustrious teacher, 8haykh mult wal lasan
1onk ! (who later became the grand mult ol the prestigious }mi'ah al-
'Llm al-lslmiyyah in 'Allmah linnor 1own, larachi), had instructed him
to write a latwa regarding talq (divorce). lis teacher endorsed this and
signed it himsell. 8ince then, he has been writing and lecturing extensively in
Arabic, Lrdu, [lersian] and lnglish. lis currently published works number
over sixty, the largest and most splendid being his 1akmi|an latn a|-Vu|nim ui
5narn $anin a|-mm Vus|im in six large volumes, written over a period ol
eighteen years (see endnote vi).

lesides his unparalleled grounding in the exoteric sciences ol lslam, he is a
leading master in the esoteric science ol tasawwul, in which he has ijzan
lrom two ol the leading masters ol the last century, 8haykh mawln
muhammad masihullh lhn 8herwni ! (}alalabad, lndia) and ur. 'Abd al-
layy riji ! (larachi, lakistan), both ol whom were knu|aj` ol the
legendary lmm uakim a|-0mman mawln Ashral 'Ali 1hnaw ! (see:
amnt min uayt a|-q(i VunammaJ 1ai a|-0tnmni, p. 22-2!, p. !).

'Allmah mult muhammad 1aqi Lsmani, in lollowing the lootsteps ol his
elders, lmm 'Allmah mult muhammad 8hal' !, 5naykn a|-s|m mawln
8habbr Ahmad 'Lthmn !, lmm 'Allmah mawln muhammad Ysul
linnor !, lmm 'Allmah mawln 7alar Ahmad 'Lthmn ! and others, is
one ol the pioneers ol the lslamisation ol lakistan. le is also one ol the
pioneers ol the global implementation ol lslamic linance. lis positions and
services in a wide spectrum ol international lslamic organisations, previously
and currently respectively, include: judge, lederal 8hari'ah court ol lakistan
(1980-1982 cl), judge, 8hari'ah Appellate lench, 8upreme court ol lakistan
(1982-2002 cl), member, 8yndicate Lniversity ol larachi (198-1988 cl),
member, loard ol oovernors, lnternational lslamic Lniversity, lslamabad
(198-1989 cl), member, lnternational lnstitute ol lslamic lconomics (198-


1988 cl), member, council ol lslamic ldeology, lakistan (19-1981 cl),
member, loard ol 1rustees, lnternational lslamic Lniversity, lslamabad
(2004-200 cl), member, commission lor lslamisation ol the lconomy,
lakistan, chairman, lnternational 8hari'ah 8tandard council, Accounting and
Auditing Organisation lor lslamic linancial lnstitutions, lahrain, deputy
chairman and permanent member, lnternational lslamic liqh Academy,
}eddah (sponsored by the Olc), member, lslamic liqh Academy, muslim
world league, makkah al-mukarramah, chairman, centre lor lslamic
lconomics, lakistan, vice president, 5naykn a|- uaJitn and mult, }mi'ah ur
al-'Llm larachi.





















6




lrelace

8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah ! the inspiration

Abu Asim ladrul lslam



lmm al-lukhr !, in his $anin, states: 1he companions ol the lrophet #
acquired knowledge in their senior age."
i
8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab
ohuddah ! was a lollower in their lootsteps. le is an illustration ol how,
when there is true and sincere determination, not only can one acquire
knowledge ol the Qur'n and sunnah, but can reach such exalted excellence
in knowledge and piety that one's name remains alive in academic circles
lrom both the Occident and the Orient alter one's demise.

Alter spending much ol his youth in various trades and apprenticeships, he
turned to knowledge during the linal year ol his teens. At the age ol nineteen
he enrolled at the madrasah lhusruwiyyah in his hometown ol lalab
(Aleppo). 8hortly alter his enrolment, the madrasah authorities changed
their minds and wished to remove him merely due to his advanced age,
something they lelt did not sit right lor that institute. Allh most oracious
wished otherwise. Alter studying lor six years at the madrasah
lhusruwiyyah, he travelled to cairo in 1944 cl and enrolled at Al-Azhar
Lniversity's college ol 8har'ah lrom where he graduated with two degrees in
190 cl.
ii




le was a true inspiration to the student and scholar alike, some illustrations
ol which the reader will lind in the obituary written by our master 'Allmah
mult muhammad 1aqi Lsmani and the prelace by the honourable 8haykh
muhammad 8aleem uhorat. As a student who has benelited immensely lrom
the works ol 8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah !, l wish to brielly mention
a lew aspects ol the inspirational lile ol the snaykn, which my lellow students
and brethren in imn will, insn A||n, lind also inspirational.

As a student ol the madrasah lhusruwiyyah, 8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab
ohuddah ! won the allection and respect ol his teachers, some ol whom
were prominent scholars ol the age. when any ol his teachers would have to
be absent lrom teaching due to unloreseen circumstances, they would ask the
young 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah to cover lor them. whatever the subject,
he would teach very competently without any prior preparation. lis lellow
students would always rejoice at such occasions and they would benelit lrom
his knowledge.
iii
8haykh mujhid 8ha'bn relates lrom 'Allmah 8haykh
muhammad al-8alqn ! that during his student days at Al-Azhar
Lniversity's college ol 8har'ah, 8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah's !
teachers would gather around his exam papers and benelit lrom the answers
that he had written.
iv


Alter completion ol his lormal education, he remained obsessed with, and
immersed in, books. 1hey were the joy ol his lile. le himsell gives a detailed
account ol his extreme passion lor books in his extraordinary work $ajant
min $aur a|-0|am` a| 5naJ`iJ a|-|m wa `|-1ansi| (acs i||ustratin tnc paticncc
cuscrvcJ uy tnc 'u|am` in tnc jacc cj narJsnip in acuirin kncw|cJc)
v
and in the
introduction to his annotated edition ol the lirst volume ol lmm mull 'Al
al-Qr's ! latn 8u a|-nyan ui 5narn kitu a|-Nuyan
vi
(in lanal liqh). le
relates how, upon the recommendation ol his teacher, 'Allmah muhammad
2hid al-lawthar !, lor six years he searched lor latn 8u a|-nyan ui 5narn
kitu a|-Nuyan in the bookshops ol cairo. Alter his return to his native
8

lalab (Aleppo), he continued to make enquiries at bookshops and would ask
people who he thought would know about it until his lirst lajj in 1!6 (19
cl) when in makkah al-mukarramah, alter a remarkable search, he linally
lound his long-desired treasure. 1he story is truly inspiring lor any student
ol the lslmic sciences. ln view ol brevity, the story is not being mentioned
here in its entirety. lt can be read at length in the above Arabic books. le
mentions in $ajant min $aur a|-0|am` that books in the lile ol a scholar
permeate his being just as a soul and wellbeing permeate a body." ln the
lootnote he adds that lmm Al-2ubayr ibn lakkr al-Qurash al-2ubayr !
(12-26 AlJ88-80 cl) relates: my niece said to my wile, 'my uncle is an
excellent husband to his wile, he does not marry a co-wile nor does he
purchase a slave girl.' my wile replied, 'lis books are harder lor me [to
tolerate] than [tolerating] three co-wives.'"
vii
8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab
ohuddah ! was such an example. ll he could save an hour or two lrom his
sleep to engage with books, he would. uuring his student days he would
spend much ol what little money he had on books. le would sometimes
borrow money to purchase books. le recalls how he once came to hear ol the
arrival ol a rare book, which he very much desired, but could not allord due
to poverty. le sold a luxury cloak ol much sentimental value that he had
inherited lrom his late lather to purchase the book. Alter obtaining the book,
he was so happy that he lorgot the loss ol his lather's cloak. le would olten
vow to perlorm a certain number ol rakat ol prayer, should Allh most
oracious bless him with a certain book.
viii


lt is no wonder, then, that his exhaustive personal library contained books in
every lslmic and Arabic science. lt contained books published in the middle
last, North Alrica, 1urkey, lndia and lakistan. lt was constantly growing,
especially alter his relocation to kiyadh. 1his impressive library was not lor
ostentation or adornment. kather, it was lor his prodigious and thorough
study, research and authorship. lis teacher, 8haykh muhammad al-8alqn
!, once said: lnter the library ol 8haykh 'Abd al-latth and pick up any
9

book you wish. You will lind in it corrections, annotations and benelicial
notes [made by 8haykh 'Abd al-latth]."
ix
lndeed, this was the case.

le was known lor paying attention to the most minute ol details and seeking
absolute perlection. 1hose who have studied his works, and have compared
with others the depth ol research contained within them the mind-
boggling bibliographies mentioned in them, and the overall quality ol paper,
choice ol lonts, binding and design , cannot but testily to this lact. le
would make constant improvements and add material to his works even
when they had already seen several editions. 8ometimes he would ask
publishers to enter additional material even when a book was at the printing
press. lis son, 8haykh 8almn 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah, states that his
lather added new material to his work $ajant min $aur a|-0|am` a| 5naJ`iJ
a|-|m wa '|-1ansi| over a period ol twenty years.
x
1his was the case with all his
works. le was an author and researcher who did not rest satislied alter the
completion and publication ol his thoroughly researched works, he would
constantly make note ol any lurther material that he came across during his
studies, the addition ol which he thought would enhance his already
published works. lndeed, this has always been the way ol the great 'u|am` ol
lslm. 1he research scholars who have recently worked on possibly the best
edition to date ol lmm lbn lathr's ! unparalleled exegesis (tajsir) ol the
Noble Qur'an
xi
note in their introduction to the edition how, during the
course ol their research ol the nine manuscripts ol the exegesis that they had
obtained, they could see that lmm lbn lathr ! was constantly adding new
material as he taught his work during his liletime.

8haykh 8almn mentions how his lather would sometimes write a single
sentence, but would have spent three nights and sometimes even a week
researching belore writing that sentence.
xii
lis student, 8haykh muhammad
'Awwmah, recalls how when he once came to 8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab
ohuddah ! with some pages lrom his annotated edition ol the book A|-
10

Ajwiuan a|-l(i|an, which was being prepared lor publication, he lound all the
seating within the room covered in books. Lpon his enquiry, 8haykh 'Abd al-
latth Ab ohuddah ! inlormed him that he had come across a word in this
book, which had intrigued him. ln researching the word over a period ol
three months, he had taken out book alter book lrom the shelves and laid
them out on the seating.
xiii


8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah ! was a keen seeker and sharer ol subtle
points ol knowledge. ln his annotated edition ol mm a|-Asr 'Allmah 8ayyid
Anwar 8hh lashmr's ! A|-1asrin ui m 1awtara ji Nuzu| a|-Vasin (see notes
xxvii, xxxi and xxxii), 8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah ! mentions the
lollowing incident:

lrom the many priceless anecdotes is that which was related to me by our
snaykn and our blessing, the a||man, the munaJJitn, the possessor ol [many]
sciences (jmi a|-u|um), 8haykh muhammad ldrs al-lndhlaw, the author ol
a|-1a|i a|-$auin a| Visnkt a|-Vasuin (may Allh most ligh protect him)
when l visited him at al-}m'iah al-Ashraliyyah in lahore (lakistan) during
my trip to lndia and lakistan during 1!82 Al (1962 cl).

le said that he heard his snaykn, uakim a|-0mman Ashral 'Al al-1hnaw, who
had heard lrom his snaykn, muhammad Ya'qb [al-Nnotw], the lirst head
teacher ol the ur al-'Llm in ueoband (lndia), commenting on the desire ol
our master, lhlid ibn al-wald, to die a martyr, say: 'lis desire was in vain
because the lrophet (may Allh bless him and grant him peace) had given
him the title ol 5ayj A||n (the 8word ol Allh) and the 8word ol Allh cannot
be broken nor killed. 1hat is why he did not attain martyrdom. may Allh be
pleased with him.'

l said to our snaykn [mawln muhammad ldrs al-lndhlaw] (may Allh
most ligh protect him): '1his anecdote is worth a trip, in my view!'"
xiv
ln
11

other words, had l not gained anything except knowledge ol this point during
my trip to lndia, it would have been sullicient.

One who studies his works cannot but notice the countless subtleties that the
snaykn points out and unravels, citing lrom the depths ol the voluminous
works ol the great 'u|am` ol previous eras. lor example, he devotes two
pages in his annotated edition ol lmm mawln 'Abd al-layy lucknow's !
A|-kaj wa '|-1akmi| ji '|-jarn wa '|-1aJi|, explaining why, despite its prevalent
use, the word masn`ikn (with the consonant namzan) is grossly incorrect. le
then light-heartedly recalls how, during one ol his visits to lndia, he said to
one ol the 'u|am` there: ll l were to be asked as to why l have come to lndia,
l will say that l have come to say 'do not put a namzan in the word masnyikn,
lor, the namzan in the word masnyikn is not permissible.'"
xv


}ust as he had a relined taste in academia, 8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab
ohuddah ! possessed an extraordinary attention to, and prelerence ol,
hygiene and tidiness. le would say to anyone whom he saw not being gentle
with a book or leaving cards and other pieces ol papers within it: uo not
treat your book as a trumpet or a locker" ( taja| kituaka uuan wa |
sunJuan). ll he saw anyone take their shoes oll and leave them in a
disorderly manner, he would tell them to straighten them and place them
against the wall.
xvi


uespite his lolty station in the world ol lslmic academia, and the dignity and
veneration that he enjoyed, he was the possessor ol the utmost humility and
compassion lor others. lerhaps it was this, added to his tremendous value lor
time, which enabled him to reach the great heights that he did. uuring one ol
his visits to lndia, he was once travelling to a library on a wagon pulled by a
man. Alter boarding the wagon, his travel companion said the sunnah Ju`
lor such a means ol transportation, a part ol which is:

12

..

. ..

| . .

, "

. .

. .. : .

, |

.-

..

-

.

.|

,.

,

.

xa|tcJ is uc wnc suujcctcJ tnis tc us, anJ wc ccu|J nct navc suuJucJ it. vcri|y tc cur
crJ wc sna|| rcturn. (Qur'n 4!:1!)

Lpon hearing this, 8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah ! said: No! Allh
has not subjected this man to us."
xvii


lis utmost and impeccable reverence toward his direct teachers as well as
those lrom whom he had benelited indirectly, and all the great 'u|am` ol
lslm particularly, the 'u|am` ol the ueoband school was truly
remarkable. when he would visit his teacher 'Allmah mustal Ahmad al-
2arq !, he would kiss his hand and straighten his shoes. le would not allow
any ol his own students to straighten the shoes ol 'Allmah mustal Ahmad
al-2arq ! nor anyone kiss his own hand.
xviii


ln addition to some ol what has been written at the end ol this booklet, the
lollowing incident beautilully illustrates 8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab
ohuddah's ! value lor knowledge and those who possess it. le writes
regarding mawln muhammad ladr-e-'lam miruth !, the lamous student
ol mm a|-Asr mawln 8ayyid Anwar 8hh lashmr !, who transcribed in
Arabic the lectures ol his teacher on $anin a|-8uknri and later published
them with the title lay( a|-8ri a| $anin a|-8uknri:

when l was honoured and blessed with the opportunity to visit the
illuminated city ol madnah (may the peace and blessings ol Allh be upon
it's inhabitant) lor the second time alter lajj toward the end ol 1!84 Al (196
cl), l had completed the publication ol the book A|-Ajwiuat a|-l(i|an |i `|-
As`i|at a|-Asnarat a|-kmi|an by lmm 'Abd al-layy al-lucknow al-lind !
that same year. l had edited and annotated the book belore publication. l
1!

took a lew copies ol the book with me to madnah so that l could present
them as gilts to some ol my eminent shuykh residing in the illuminated city.

At the lorelront ol these eminent shuykh was our snaykn a|-A||man a|-
VunaJJitn a|-lain a|-5naykn muhammad ladr-e-'lam al-miruth al-lind !,
who had chosen permanent residence in the abode ol hijra (the illuminated
city ol madnah). l went to visit him in his house. le had been, at the time,
incapacitated by illness and was permanently conlined to his bed. uue to this
poor health he was unable to study, research and satiate himsell with
knowledge the way he desired.

l presented a copy ol A|-Ajwiuat a|-l(i|an which he accepted with much joy
and appreciation. le praised the book and said to me: 'l had purchased the
book as soon as it had arrived in the bookshops ol the illuminated city ol
madnah. As you can see, l do not have the strength or the health to be able
to read and study the way l would have wished to. lut my intention in
purchasing this book was to leave books ol knowledge lor my children and
lamily. 1his is better lor them as inheritance than wealth.' 1hese words were
lor me a priceless lesson. l learnt a lot lrom them and have benelited,
therelore, l have related this incident regarding the snaykn - may Allh have
mercy on him. le passed away in the illuminated city ol madnah during
1!8 Al."
xix


l am conscious that this prelace has become longer than what would
normally be expected in a booklet ol this size. l have, nonetheless, written
the above so that others, many ol whom will not have access to the treasures
lelt behind by the snaykn, may get a glimpse ol the lile and legacy ol 8haykh
'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah ! and thereby appreciate the rich heritage ol
the Qur'n and sunnah and its guardians that Allh most magnilicent has
blessed us with. Lndoubtedly, much more can be and ought to be written
about 8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah !. A whole dimension ol his lile
14

has been lelt untouched in this booklet 8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab
ohuddah as the caller to Allh (the Ji i|a A||n). lerhaps one day someone
will write a more detailed and properly structured biography ol the snaykn in
lnglish. Lntil then, it is hoped this briel endeavour will go some way in lilling
the void.


























1




loreword

8haykh muhammad 8aleem uhorat
xx




1his is a short obituary ol a great scholar ol lslm, an exceptionally beautilul
lragrant llower lrom the bouquet ol those who have mastered both i|m and
ama| (knowledge and practice), whose lragrance emits till today and will
continue to do so until the linal lour, insn` A||n. le is 8haykh 'Abd al-
latth Ab ohuddah !.

1he honourable snaykn ! was indeed a great personality ol our time. le was
not just a master in a lew sciences, rather, his deep knowledge and insight
extended to a number ol diverse and intricate sciences. lis expertise in the
sciences ol the Noble Qur'n, hadth, liqh and its principles, asm` a|-rij| (the
thorough and critical study ol the lives ol reporters ol hadth), history etc.
was well known, but the honourable snaykn ! was also a master ol Arabic
literature, grammar, eloquence, poetry and other related sciences. 1he tens
ol priceless works that he had accomplished are a testament to this.

1he honourable snaykn ! was also an expert in the science ol the najs, and it
was his great qualities ol humbleness, kindness and sincerity that subjugated
every heart. love lor i|m, An|-a|-i|m (possessors ol knowledge) and the a|-
5a|aj a|-$|inun (kighteous lredecessors) was an outstanding leature in the
honourable snaykn !, and this ellected in him immense love and admiration
lor the great 'u|am` ol ueoband (the 'Akuir`) who were, without doubt, great
masters ol i|m and 'ama|.
16

1he honourable snaykn ! was an adherent to the same school ol theology
and jurisprudence as the great masters ol ueoband. lis visits to the great
seminaries ol the ueoband 8chool were somewhat like coming home, where
he would lind solace, comlort and peace. 1he teachers and students ol those
seminaries would be mesmerised by his speeches and words ol wisdom,
which would take them back in time to the maj|is (gatherings) ol their pious
predecessors (the Akuir). 1he honourable snaykn ! not only acknowledged
the rank, status, eminence and calibre ol our pious elders, rather, his love and
admiration extended to our Akuir ol the past as well as the present. 1his is
evident in his exceptional academic lootnotes to their works and his
endeavour and toil in making them available to the lslamic academia ol the
Arab world so they, too, may recognise these luminaries.

1he honourable snaykn's ! especial endeavour in this regard was in relation
to the works ol 'Allmah mawln 'Abd al-layy lucknow !, lor whom he
had great admiration and love. lis work on the great 'Allmah's !
manuscripts not only exposed to the academic circles ol the Arab world the
high rank ol the 'Allmah !, but it also opened the eyes ol many in the lndo-
lak subcontinent who were in ignorance and unaware ol what treasures lay
within their homes.

8imilar was his approach in relation to many other Akuir ol the last century,
including 'Allmah 8ayyid muhammad Anwar 8hh lashmr, uakim a|-
0mman mawln Ashral 'Ali 1hnaw, 5naykn a|-s|m mawln 8ayyid lusayn
Ahmad madan, 5naykn a|-s|m mawln 8habbr Ahmad 'Lthmn, 'Allmah
7alar Ahmad 'Lthmn 1hnaw, 'Allmah 8ayyid muhammad Ysul linnor,
'Allmah mult muhammad 8hal', 5naykn-a|-uaJitn mawln muhammad
2akariyy lndhlaw and others $. 1his approach ol respect and admiration
also reached out to the juniors, such as the author ol this obituary, 'Allmah
mult muhammad 1aqi Lsmani (may Allh % protect him). 1his is evident in
1

the honourable snaykn's ! lorewords, introductory notes, lootnotes and
statements in his various works.

1he honourable snaykn's ! contribution to the library ol lslm is no hidden
lact. lis eloquent and sweet writings that have emitted lrom the depths ol
his heart take every reader out ol this mortal world. 8haykh 8almn, the
honourable snaykn's ! son, writes ol how his late lather had many concerns,
desires and hopes regarding students ol the lslmic sciences ol today. le
constantly strove to instil in their hearts the yearning to seek knowledge and
excel in it. lis highly popular works $ajant min $aur a|-0|am` a| 5naJ`iJ a|-
|m wa '|-1ansi| and qimat a|-7aman inJ a|-'0|am` were a result ol this.

8haykh 8almn mentions how his lather ! would always aim lor excellence
and would strive to progress lrom good to best. ln particular, he would long
to see the advancement ol muslims in every sphere ol moral character,
business, prolession and knowledge, to the extent that muslims should be at
the lorelront in everything.
xxi


lt is dillicult lor a student like me to elaborate much on this great
personality, and l also lear that l will be unjust in what l may say in regard to
the status ol the snaykn !. l shall therelore sullice on mentioning the
reverence and admiration even the great 'u|am` had lor him. 1he lamous
8yrian master ol recent times, 8haykh mustal Ahmad al-2arq !, writes:

'j.] Vy uc|cvcJ anJ ncu|c 8rctncr, jcr wncm jinJ mcrc |cvc in my ncart tnan jcr
mysc|j anJ jcr wncm jinJ in mysc|j rcvcrcncc Jcspitc nim ucin ycuncr tnan mc
j.]`

1he legendary snaykn ol the lndo-lak subcontinent ol recent times, 'Allmah
mawln 8ayyid Abu 'l-lasan 'Al Nadw ! writes:

18

'j.] 1nc kauuni (A||n-jcarin) scnc|ar, tnc murauui (nurturcr anJ cJucatcr), tnc
rcminisccncc cj tnc 5a|aj in amuiticn anJ nin aspiraticns, anJ in navin tnc Jcptn cj
insint anJ in Jivcrsity cj kncw|cJc anJ mastcry j.]`

1he great researcher and munaJJitn, 'Allmah mawln labb al-kahmn
A'zam ! recognises him as the mm cj 5nm (greater 8yria) and that none
belore him had held such a position in knowledge alter the great 'Allmah
muhammad Amn ibn 'bidn al-8hm !. 1he great munaJJitn, 'Allmah
mawln 'Abd al-kashd Nu'mn ! grants the snaykn titles such as A|-
5naykn, tnc occan cj kncw|cJc and tnc VunaJJitn.

lndeed it is a great lavour lrom Allh % that the obituary ol a luminary,
written by another luminary, 'Allmah mult muhammad 1aqi Lsmani, has
been translated to lnglish by Abu Lnaysah and mawln lbrahim Amin al-
luwaiti and made available to us. lt does not end there, lor, the benelicial
article and notes ol mawln ladrul lslam, who holds much love and respect
lor the u|am` ol ua in general and the u|am` ol ueoband in particular, has
added to its benelit. likewise, the translations by 2ameelur kahman in the
addendum present to the lnglish reader beautilul examples ol the love and
admiration 8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah ! had lor the great 'u|am`
ol ueoband (the 'Akuir`).

1he mention ol the pious and chosen servants ol Allh % is the means ol
much uarakan (blessings). 8ulyn ibn 'Lyaynah ! would say:

. ~

.|

. .

-.

..|

. ..

.
'1nc mcrcy cj A||n JcsccnJs wncn uis picus scrvants arc mcnticncJ.`
xxii


5naniJ a|-Vi||an 8haykh mawln muhammad Ysul ludhynw ! mentions
in the introduction to the biography ol 5naykn-a|-uaJitn mawln
19

muhammad 2akariyy lndhlaw ! that the biographies ol the accepted and
beloved servants ol Allh % hold great signilicance because:

(1) 1heir mention and discussion is equivalent to being in their company,
(2) Allh's % special attention and mercy descends upon them and,
therelore, their mention attracts the mercy ol Allh %,
(!) 1he study ol their lives which encompasses many great characteristics ol
patience, steadlastness, sincerity, struggle and trust etc. gives us the beacon
with which we can bring relorm within ourselves,
(4) 1heir presence was a sign ol the truth ol lslam and through them the
prool ol Allh % has continuously manilested in lis servants.

may Allh % grant the writer, the translators, mawln ladrul lslam,
2ameelur kahman and all those who made this publication possible
recompense lor this excellent work in both worlds, may le increase them in
their abilities and grant them uarakan to render lurther service to lis un.
mn


muhammad 8aleem uhorat
lslamic ua'wah Academy
leicester, lNolANu









20




8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah !
xxiii


'Allmah mult muhammad 1aqi Lsmani
xxiv


my heart grieves at the painlul news received on the 9
th
ol 8hawwal, 141 Al
(16
th
lebruary, 199 cl) that the hadth scholar who was the pride ol the
muslim world and an unrivalled stalwart ol the lslamic sciences, the most
revered 'Allmah 8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah ! has passed way.

, .. .

-|

| . .

|
'1o Allh we belong, and to lim is our return.'
1he snaykn ! was lrom the lamous 8yrian city ol lalab (Aleppo) and had
been living in kiyadh (8audi Arabia) lor a major part ol his later lile. le was
prominently known in the Arab world due to his oceanic knowledge, [strict]
adherence to the sunnah, and his virtuous nature and piety. le had gained
widespread eminence in almost all scholarly circles ol the lndian
subcontinent and was dearly loved by everyone.
l lirst heard his name in 196 clJ1! Al when my honourable lather
mawln mult muhammad 8hal' ! visited 8yria, }ordan, lebanon and
lalestine to attend a conlerence hosted by the world muslim congress
(mu'tamar al-'lam al-lslm). my lather's ! correspondence lrom uamascus
carried accounts ol his meetings with the scholars ol 8yria. lrom among
them, my lather made special mention ol 8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab
ohuddah !. lven alter his return lrom this journey, my lather would
21

remember him allectionately and, in respect to him, would emphasise how
there were still many scholars in the Arab world who could be aptly
described as llag-bearers ol authentic knowledge and academic research.
lowever, he insisted there remained only a lew scholars who along with
depth in learning strictly adhered to the sunnah in their practice and
whose speech and conduct would be reminiscent ol the conduct ol the
righteous predecessors (a|-5a|aj a|-$|inun). 8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab
ohuddah ! was among those blessed personalities.
Lpon hearing these words lrom my lather !, a strong yearning to visit him
was born in my heart. lowever, there was no apparent means to lullil this
hope at the time, as he was in 8yria, and it was impossible lor us to even
contemplate travelling there at that time.
A long time alterwards, however, we received the welcomed news in 1962
clJ1!82 Al that the respected snaykn ! was coming to lakistan. 1here was
no end to my joy on hearing this. 1he purpose ol the revered snaykn`s ! visit
was to seek and research manuscripts in the libraries ol lakistan and lndia, as
well as to lorge a relationship with academic circles here.
1he snaykn ! stayed here in larachi lor a lew days. uuring this period he
visited ur al-'Llm,
xxv
where the management organised an assembly in his
honour. l was a teacher ol the primary books ol Arabic at the time. my
respected lather ! instructed this humble servant to deliver a speech in
Arabic in his welcome. l gave a speech as instructed. As well as welcoming the
honoured guest, l brielly recounted the history ol maJrasans (lslamic
seminaries) in the lndo-lak subcontinent, the inception ol ur al-'Llm
ueoband and the [religious] services ol the scholars ol ueoband. 1he
honourable snaykn ! gave me generous commendations upon this (|iu-c-
i|mnan (student-esque) speech. At the conclusion ol the gathering, he noted
his impressions in ur al-'Llm's visitors' book and went as lar as to write:
22


lndeed, the eloquence ol my beloved brother lor the sake ol Allh
muhammad 1aqi, the scion ol mawln muhammad 8hal', is such that it
exposes the weaknesses ol the Arabs in their [own] language.''
lt is obvious that these words were written only as encouragement lor this
humble servant. lowever, they indicate his high level ol compassion lor, and
tendency to give, encouragement to his juniors. later, when leaving ur al-
'Llm, he expressed his compassion and love lor this worthless one by
saying: ll you were an apple, l would have eaten you!"
8ince then, he began relerring to me with the epithet 1ujjnat a|-uinJ wa
8kistn (the apple ol lndia and lakistan), and even made mention ol me with
it in some ol his works.
xxvi
lt was during this journey that this humble servant
also obtained ijzan (permission to narrate) in hadth lrom the revered snaykn
!, which he granted with great allection.
1his was his lirst visit to lakistan. Alter this, the political upheaval that took
place in 8yria made lile extremely tough lor lslamic academia and those
alliliated to religious circles. lundreds ol sincere scholars were put to the
sword. 8everal ol them were imprisoned and made targets ol severe
oppression and tyranny. many more were lorced to llee their homeland and
take reluge in other countries. lven though the honourable snaykn ! was a
man ol academic inclination and had kept alool ol power-seeking politics, he
was still not spared the oppression and tyranny ol the government. le was
lorced to leave his homeland and had to settle in kiyadh, 8audi Arabia,
where, lor a long time, he served as a lecturer and involved himsell in a
variety ol academic research at the laculty ol lslamic 8ciences (ku||iyan 0su|
a|-uin) at the lmm muhammad ibn 8a'd Lniversity.

2!

uuring this period he visited lakistan on several occasions. le considered my
respected lather his teacher and had even obtained ijzan in hadth lrom him.
le had a similar relationship with 5naykn a|-uaJitn mawln muhammad
Ysul linnor !. 1herelore, sometimes he resided with us and, on other
occasions, with mawln linnor !. lither way, during his stays we
continuously benelited lrom his knowledge.
xxvii

when he visited lakistan alter my lather's ! demise, he wept lor a long time
remembering him. 1herealter, we observed a distinct increase in his
compassion over us. Once, he even stayed with us at ur al-'Llm lor two
months and completed a number ol his works. lis attitude was very relaxed
with almost all students and teachers, in humility he was unequalled.
1he honourable snaykn`s ! lile revolved around books, he remained drowned
in them day and night, and it was due to this that he was naturally a reclusive
scholar. lowever, the status quo lorced him to take part in regional politics
lor religious objectives. Around 1962 cl, he was also appointed a member ol
the 8yrian parliament. ln those regions, Al-lkhwn al-muslimn was the only
authoritative group striving to revive the religion. 1he revered snaykn !
associated himsell with this party and, in 1966 cl, was condemned to eleven
months in the desert prison ol 1admur lor his role in acting against the
dissolution ol lslamic law in 8yria. lven though he took up residence in
kiyadh alter emigrating lrom 8yria, he continued his ellorts to aid the
standard-bearers ol religion against the oppression and tyranny ol the
governments ol the Arab world in general and that ol 8yria in particular. ln
1986 cl, he was made leader ol the lkhwn. later, he conlerred this
responsibility to ur. lasan al-luwayd and dedicated himsell to his academic
pursuits.
1his humble servant was also able to meet him lrequently during his stay in
8audi Arabia. On one occasion, l even travelled to kiyadh at his invitation.
24

Otherwise, by the grace ol the Almighty, l continued corresponding with him
through letters and benelited lrom him academically.
1he respected snaykn ! had once visited ur al-'Llm when this humble
servant had begun to write 1akmi|an latn a|-Vu|nim.
xxviii
le expressed great
joy at this initiative and even wrote a loreword
xxix
lor it by way ol
encouragement.
1he snaykn was 'Allmah muhammad 2hid al-lawthar's ! leading student.
'Allmah al-lawthar's ! peculiarity is that, owing to his vast knowledge, he
was able to repel attacks against lanal jin and the Ash'ar school. le
answered tit-lor-tat those who made the lanal scholars and the Ash'ars
targets ol taunts nay, targets ol slander and insult on the basis ol
subsidiary (jurui) dillerences. As with every other scholar, there is scope lor
disagreement with some ol 'Allmah al-lawthar's ! positions and his
method ol expression. 1here is no doubt, however, that he discharged the
communal obligation (jar( kijyan) ol delending these oppressed An| a|-|m
(scholars), who were unjustiliably accused ol deviancy and were rained upon
with taunts and insults.
ln this respect, the revered snaykn ! aptly honoured the legacy ol his
teacher, 'Allmah al-lawthar !, with the added value ol not allowing even a
doubt ol curtness or disrespect [to emanate] lrom his pen against the
scholars ol the past with whom he dillered. ln this regard, he restricted
himsell to lair scholarly discourse and remained within academic conlines in
his research. le never allowed these dillerences to become personal. lis
dillerences with 'Allmah lbn 1aymiyyah ! and lliz 8hams al-un al-
uhahab ! are evidently manilest. lowever, l never saw harsh words come
lrom his pen nor leave his lips about these pious elders. ln lact, l personally
witnessed that he once became highly emotional whilst recounting the
academic rank ol lliz 8hams al-un al-uhahab !, and when someone once
2

remembered 'Allmah lbn 1aymiyyah ! in a manner that was unbelitting his
status, he immediately made his displeasure known.
uespite this cautiousness, some unappreciative elements having taken it
upon themselves to make a lront against him not only made him a target
ol rebuke, but ol taunts, which on occasions entered the boundaries ol
slander and insult. 1o Allh we belong and to lim is our return. ln all eras,
the servants ol the religion ol Allh % have laced such ordeals, which
only serve to elevate their rank [in the sight ol Allh %]. ll only the etiquette
ol keeping dillerences ol opinion in jurui matters within their contexts was
to regain currency within the muslim Lmmah, then how many rilts within
our ranks would simply disappear7
ln this respect, my lather's (mawln mult muhammad 8hal' !) diligent
practice was to avoid leeding dillerences ol opinion in jurui matters to the
masses, [he lelt] they should be conlined strictly to scholarly and academic
circles. [le believed that] until a particular person's view in jurui matters did
not amount to clear deviancy or disbeliel, dillerences with him should never
be blown out ol proportion to create a warlront against him.
lnstead, all muslims who agree upon the lundamentals ol religion should
work together to counter those trials and tribulations ol the present
era which are directly aimed at attacking the core principles ol religion. my
respected lather ! has authored a treatise on this subject entitled 'wanJat-c-
0mmat` (Lnity ol the Lmmah). lts Arabic translation, knti|j 0mm 5ni, was
also distributed in large quantities throughout 8audi Arabia, the lundamental
call ol the book is just this.
ly the blessings ol Allh %, l have inherited my honourable lather's !
temperament, l have usually attempted to maintain a balance between
dillering academically and working together with those people with whom l
26

have dillerences in jurui matters. my academic dillerences with the 8alal
scholars ol 8audi Arabia in jurui matters, in their correct context, exist even
to this day, regarding which we also have open dialogue in private
gatherings. lowever, these dillerences have never, with the praise ol Allh
%, superseded our [good] relations, and we continue to assist each other in
matters ol mutual concern and appreciate each other's good works.
8ome time ago whilst probably interpreting this practice ol mine
incorrectly someone inlormed 8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah ! that
l had become prone to permissiveness with regards to my school ol thought.
1herelore, in accordance with his saintly allection, he expressed his concern
about this [to me]. lowever, when l explained my alorementioned viewpoint
and practice in detail to the snaykn !, he was not only lully content but
impressed upon me that these issues be not made the basis ol argumentation
and lighting, nor should they prevent mutual assistance in [achieving]
common religious objectives. 1he situation has been worsened by those who
have transgressed the boundaries ol academic dillerences and descended
into accusations ol deviancy and misdemeanour.
1he revered snaykn ! had initially written a loreword lor this humble
servant's book, 1akmi|an latn a|-Vu|nim, when my manuscript had not yet
reached a hundred pages. 1hus, this loreword was briel. later, when it was
completed and its six volumes had been published, the snaykn ! himsell
inlormed me that he would now like to write a second loreword to it.
Accordingly, he wrote and sent to me an extremely detailed loreword, and
those unusual words ol encouragement which he had written in there were
lar more than l deserved and were only a rellection ol the honourable
snaykn`s ! enormous compassion.

2

1he snaykn ! had been living a lile ol exile lor years on end and had also
been separated lrom his library, which was the result ol his lilelong
collection. 1here appeared no means lor him to return to his native land.
lowever, last year some leniency towards the An| a|-|m was granted by the
8yrian government and he returned to his native lalab alter many years.
uuring this period, he had developed soreness in his eyes and he had also
previously sullered a heart attack. le returned to kiyadh to receive medical
treatment to his eyes. 1here, he began to bleed lrom his eyes, (most probably
due to the strain caused to his eyes by constant reading) which continued to
worsen despite treatment, until he lost consciousness.
1he honourable snaykn`s ! nephew, ur. 'Abd al-8attr Ab ohuddah, who is a
close lriend ol mine (in recent years we have become so close that we are
deemed to be lamily members), inlormed me that during this [period ol]
unconsciousness, when on one day the snaykn ! gained some consciousness,
the lirst words that he uttered were: ''lave the templates lor the book
arrived lrom the printing press yet7'' 1herealter, he again lell unconscious.
linally, on the 9
th
ol 8hawwl, 141 Al (corresponding to 12
th
lebruary, 199
cl), at the hour ol dawn, his soul transpired towards the abode ol eternal
bliss. 1o Allh we belong and to lim is our return.
'O Allh! lnnoble his abode and expand his grave and reward him with
dwellings better than his [mundane] dwelling and with kin better than his
worldly kin and wash him with the coolest ol waters and cleanse him ol his
shortcomings just as a brilliant cloth is cleansed ol its dirt.'
lt was probably eight o'clock in the morning ol this day that l was inlormed
by phone ol this heartbreaking loss, lirstly by our honourable lriend, the
respected Qri 'Abd al-lsit lrom }eddah, and then by another lriend in
28

kiyadh. On that same day, the snaykn ! was taken to madnah 1ayyibah and
buried in }annat al-laq'.
1he order ol this world is constantly in llux, with total disregard lor who
comes and goes. lowever, there are lew personalities whose departure
causes the hearts ol humans in the east and the west to cry, and even those
who have not had a close relationship with them consider their death a
personal loss. 1he snaykn ! was undoubtedly such a personality. lirstly, even
outward lorms ol learning are continuing to decrease with the passage ol
time. lowever, scholarship to this extent still exists. lut such personalities
whose speech and conduct llow with knowledge and learning, whose lives are
illuminated with adherence to the sunnah and the manner and custom ol the
pious predecessors, whose every action is an evident manilestation ol
humility, ood-consciousness and good character are almost extinct. when
such a person is taken away, the void created by the departure remains lor a
long time.

8haykh 'Abd al-latth's ! published works number approximately lilty.
xxx
le
himsell did not author many works - his own works are probably less than
twenty - but did a lot ol work in silting, verilying and annotating the works
ol the pious predecessors. le once gave the reason lor this, explaining that
we do not have any independent identity, and our greatest lortune is to
associate ourselves with any ol the pious predecessors, and therelore, in
serving a work ol our elders there is salety and blessings.
xxxi
why would
divine assistance not be attracted to any work that is done with this humility,
sincerity, respect and esteem ol the pious predecessors7 1herelore, at times,
his annotations and research oller more detailed insight and carry liner
points than the original work.
my lather ! had compiled A|-1asrin ui m 1awtara ji Nuzu| a|-Vasin
xxxii
on the
instruction ol mm a|-Asr 'Allmah 8ayyid Anwar 8hh lashmr !.
xxxiii

29

8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah ! edited this work and published it with
detailed lootnotes. Apart lrom this, his annotations on the introduction to
|` a|-5unan,
xxxiv
A|-Ajwiuan a|-l(i|an,
xxxv
and A|-kaj wa '|-1akmi|
xxxvi
are prime
examples ol his insight into hadth.
8ome time ago, when the Oxlord centre lor lslamic 8tudies had announced
the 8ultan ol lrunei Award lor services to hadth, it was aptly awarded to
8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah !. 1his humble servant was among
those who had nominated the snaykn ! lor this award. lowever, the snaykn
! was among those lolty souls whose stature owes nothing to such
customary awards. lt is the good lortune ol the award that it reaches such a
worthy place, the services ol the snaykn ! are not in need ol it.
1oday, the honourable snaykn ! is not in this world. lowever, his works, the
students whom he prepared and his lile and conduct are blooming orchards,
and il Allh % wills, they will remain as a memorial [to him] lor as long as
those who value knowledge and [good] conduct exist in the world.













!0




NO1l8



i
i-.| _ 1.,:.j| ,., #_.-,.| _-.$ %,.. : _ i-.|

i., .i. .| _. _,..| ,.-.|

i-. .,
..:-|, ,.- &' (

ii
8icrapny cj tnc autncr in $ajant min $aur a|-0|am` a| 5naJ`iJ a|-|mi wa '|-
1ansi|, 6
th
edn. (leirut: ur al-lash'ir al-lslmiyyah, 1421J2000), p. 1!-14.

iii
muhammad 'Al al-lshim, A|-5naykn AuJ a|-lattn Auu 6nuJJan kam
arajtunu, (leirut: ur al-lash'ir al-lslmiyyah, 142J2004) p. 116.

iv
uiJ, p. 89.

v
p. 28-281 (6
th
edn. 1421J2000).

vi
p. 8-9 (2
nd
edn. 1426J200).

vii
$ajant min $aur a|-0|am` a| 5naJ`iJ a|-|mi wa '|-1ansi|, 6
th
edn. (leirut: ur
al-lash'ir al-lslmiyyah, 1421J2000), p. 26.

viii
uiJ, p. 28-29.

ix
muhammad 'Al al-lshim, A|-5naykn AuJ a|-lattn Auu 6nuJJan kam
arajtunu, (leirut: ur al-lash'ir al-lslmiyyah, 142J2004) p. !0.

x
$ajant min $aur a|-0|am` a| 5naJ`iJ a|-|mi wa '|-1ansi|, 6
th
edn. (leirut: ur
al-lash'ir al-lslmiyyah, 1421J2000), p. 2.

!1



xi
'lmd al-un Abu 'l-lid' lsm'l ibn lathr al-Qurash al-uimashq al-8hli',
1ajsir a|-qur`n a|-Azim, (uammamJkiyadh: ur lbn al-}awz, 14!1J2010).

xii
$ajant min $aur a|-0|am` a| 5naJ`iJ a|-|mi wa '|-1ansi|, 6
th
edn. (leirut: ur
al-lash'ir al-lslmiyyah, 1421J2000), p. 26.

xiii
muhammad ibn 'Abdillh l kashd, mJJ a|-lattn ui AsniJ wa Varwiyyt a|-
5naykn AuJ a|-lattn, (kiyadh: maktabah al-lmm al-8hli', 1419J1999), p. 1!0.

xiv
8ayyid muhammad Anwar 8hh al-lashmr al-lind, A|-1asrin ui m
1awtara ji Nuzu| a|-Vasin,
th
edn. (Aleppo: maktab al-matb't al-lslmiyyah,
1412J1992), p. 212.

xv
Abu 'l-lasant muhammad 'Abd al-layy al-laknaw, A|-kaj wa '|-1akmi| ji '|-
jarn wa '|-1aJi|, 6
th
edn. (Aleppo: maktab al-matb't al-lslmiyyah, signed
1420J1999), p. 46-48.

xvi
muhammad 'Al al-lshim, A|-5naykn AuJ a|-lattn Auu 6nuJJan kam
arajtunu, (leirut: ur al-lash'ir al-lslmiyyah, 142J2004) p. 162.

xvii
uiJ, p. 168.

xviii
uiJ, p. 16.

xix
$ajant min $aur a|-0|am` a| 5naJ`iJ a|-|mi wa '|-1ansi|, 6
th
edn. (leirut: ur
al-lash'ir al-lslmiyyah, 1421J2000), p. !2.

xx
kna|ijan ol 8haykh mawln muhammad Ysul ludhynw 5naniJ !,
lounder and 5naykn a|-uaJitn, }ami'ah kiyd al-'Llm, lounder, lslmic ua'wah
Academy (leicester, lngland), editor, kiy(u| jannan magazine.

!2



xxi
lor examples ol this, see muhammad 'Al al-lshim's A|-5naykn AuJ a|-
lattn Auu 6nuJJan kam arajtunu, (leirut: ur al-lash'ir al-lslmiyyah, 142J2004).

xxii
| .|, #. ".i-| _ -. , ....- "_.-)| ..< _, _.-| ....- "_.-| _, ..< _, .~| ...- ,| ....-
%.~.| .. _-...| :. ... #. ... _,| ,-.. #. ",..- _, ..<
xxiii
1ranslation ol an obituary published in Nuusn-c-kajtcn (larachi:
maktabah ma'ril al-Qur'n, p. !8-!94).
xxiv
8ee Aucut tnc autncr lor a briel biography ol 'Allmah mult muhammad 1aqi
Lsmani.

xxv
1he author is relerring to the renowned centre ol learning, }mi'ah ur al-
'Llm larachi (lakistan), lounded by his lather, lmm 'Allmah mult muhammad
8hal' ! (d. 1!96 AlJ196 cl).

xxvi
8ome examples ol the extraordinary and lolty titles that 8haykh 'Abd al-
latth Ab ohuddah ! uses belore the name ol 'Allmah mult muhammad 1aqi
Lsmani can be seen in the lormer's introduction to 'Allmah 7alar Ahmad 'Lthmn
1hnaw's ! introduction to '| a|-5unan, edited, annotated and published separately
by 8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah !, entitled qawiJ ji 0|um a|-uaJitn (see
lootnote xxxiii), and in his two lorewords to 'Allmah mult muhammad 1aqi
Lsmani's 1akmi|an latn a|-Vu|nim ui 5narn $anin a|-mm Vus|im.

xxvii
1he passionate love and reverence 8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah !
had lor the great u|am` ol the lndian subcontinent can be gauged lrom the
extraordinary words and veneration with which he mentions their names throughout
his tens ol published works. ln his book 1arjimu 5ittatin min luan` a|-|am a|-s|mi
ji '|-qarn a|-kui Asnar (8icrapnics cj 5ix jurists cj tnc lcurtccntn ccntury s|amic wcr|J),
he opens the book with the longest biography - that ol lmm mawln 8ayyid Anwar
8hh lashmr !. 1he chapter is entitled mm a|-Asr VunammaJ Anwar 5nn a|-
kasnmiri (1nc mm cj tnc ac - VunammaJ Anwar 5nn cj kasnmir). 8ee note xxxii lor an
!!



example ol the exalted words with which 8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah !
mentions lmm mawln 8ayyid Anwar 8hh lashmr !. 8ee, also, the addendum by
2ameelur kahman.

xxviii
lntitled 1akmi|an latn a|-Vu|nim ui 5narn $anin a|-mm Vus|im. work on the
latn a|-Vu|nim was originally commenced by 5naykn a|-s|m mawln 8habbr Ahmad
'Lthmn !. uespite repeated requests lrom the most eminent u|am` ol his age,
including lmm 'Allmah muhammad 2hid ibn al-lasan al-lawthar ! ol cairo
(lgypt), the snaykn a|-s|m ! was unable to complete this eagerly-awaited Arabic
commentary on the $anin ol lmm muslim !. le had written the lirst six volumes but
passed away belore he could complete the work. later, 'Allmah mult muhammad
1aqi Lsmani, upon the instruction ol his noble lather, lmm 'Allmah mult
muhammad 8hal' !, completed the remaining six volumes. 1his is the only
commentary ol its kind written by a, and later completed by another, lanal jain and
munaJJitn. lt is probably the second most widely used commentary on $anin Vus|im
alter that ol lmm al-Nawaw al-8hali' !. Alter many exhausted publications in lndia
and lakistan, the complete book was published in 142 Al (2006 cl) by uar al-Qalam
publishers in uamascus and leirut in six large and beautilul volumes. 1his was
quickly lollowed by a twelve-volume edition in the same year by ur lhy' al-1urth
al-'Arab in leirut. 8ee the addendum by 2ameelur kahman lor a translation ol the
loreword to 1akmi|an latn a|-Vu|nim, which 'Allmah mult muhammad 1aqi Lsmani
is relerring to.

One ol the works ol 8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah ! that still awaits
publication is the exhaustive introduction ol 5naykn a|-s|m mawln 8habbr Ahmad
'Lthmn ! to his manum cpus, latn a|-Vu|nim ui 5narn $anin a|-mm Vus|im. 8haykh
'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah ! had taken the introduction ol the 5naykn a|-s|m !
and annotated and prepared it lor publication separately, entitled VauJi` |m a|-
uaJitn (sscntia|s cj tnc 5cicncc cj uaJitn).

xxix
1his has been translated by 2ameelur kahman and included in the
addendum ol this booklet.
!4



xxx
many ol the snaykn's ! works which he lelt unpublished were later
published by his son 8haykh 8almn 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah. lis published
works now number approximately seventy-live. All ol his works represent an
extremely high-level ol scholarship and research, varying in size lrom single-volume
books to some comprising many volumes. One ol his largest works to have been
published in recent years posthumously has been the monumental isn a|-Vizn ol
5naykn a|-s|m a|-ujiz lbn lajar al-'Asqaln !, earlier editions ol which were
published in nine large and beautilul volumes with a tenth volume as an index. 1his
is a core text in Asm` a|-kij| (a branch ol the sciences ol hadth that deals with the
thorough and critical study ol the lives ol reporters ol hadth) and had seen many
publications lrom various publishing houses in the world during the last century, but
until now it had not been researched, edited and annotated the way it deserved to be.
8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah !, using live dillerent manuscripts, edited,
annotated and thoroughly indexed the work in an outstanding manner. lndeed, this
is the case with all his seventy-live or so works that have thus lar been published.

xxxi
ln his introduction to the third annotated edition ol A|-kaj wa '|-1akmi| ji '|-
jarn wa '|-1aJi|, 8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah ! mentions that some u|am`
had suggested that he separate his own commentary lrom the original text ol lmm
mawln 'Abd al-layy lucknow ! and publish it as a separate book in his name. le
says: l replied that the completion ol that which lathers had built is a hundred times
better than sons building something anew, let alone the lact that such a completion
by sons is a duty they owe, and a right ol their lathers upon them, lor, [the lathers]
are the original roots, guiding lights, sound understanding and knowledge [.].''

xxxii
As its name suggests, this is a book that seeks to present to the reader
mutawtir hadths (that is, hadths that have been reported consecutively by a
signilicant number ol narrators through multiple chains ol transmission) concerning
the descent ol 8ayyidun 'ls & belore the day ol }udgement. Originally authored by
the phenomenal mm a|-Asr mawln 8ayyid Anwar 8hh lashmr !, lmm
'Allmah mult muhammad 8hal' ! was instructed by the author, his teacher, to
lurther expand the book and to render an Lrdu translation ol it. 1he book was later
!



edited and annotated by 8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah !, the latest edition
comprising some !! pages.

written in response to the poisonous emergence ol the 19
th
century Jajj|, ohulm
Ahmad Qdin, in lunjab, it is a book unparalleled in its subject matter. lmm
'Allmah mult muhammad 8hal' ! mentions in his introduction that in his research
lor the book, lmm lashmr ! studied all the books ol hadth that were at his
disposal. le studied the entire hadth corpus ol lmm Ahmad ibn lanbal ! - the
VusnaJ - lor a second time (alter having studied the entire book previously to prove
the obligation, as is maintained by the lanal school ol sacred law, ol the three rakat
ol witr prayers. 1o date, the best edition ol the VusnaJ ol lmm Ahmad ibn lanbal !
has been published in lilty volumes by mu'assasah al-kislah in leirut, edited by
8hu'ayb al-Arna't and thirteen other researchers). ln his introduction to the third
edition ol the book, 8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah ! states that when lilteen
years previously he had served the book, little did he know that the book would be so
much appreciated by, and benelit, the u|am` ol lslm.

xxxiii
ln his biography ol mm a|-Asr mawln 8ayyid Anwar 8hh lashmr !,
8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah ! describes the imm thus: le is the imm ol
the age, the transmitter ol the time, the traditionist, the exegete, the jurist, the legal
theorist, the insightlul dialectician, the perceptive mystic, the educated historian, the
linguistic poet, the critical researcher, the gilted verilier, 8haykh lmm muhammad
Anwar 8hh al-lashmr."

8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah ! then notes: 1hese titles are not in the
context ol praise and eulogy, nor exaggeration and emphasis, but they are realities
with which lmm al-lashmr ! was adorned. 1hose who have seen his works and
have comprehended his overllowing knowledge know this. l am not one ol those who
mete out praise haphazardly and commendations randomly. All praise is due to
Allh." (Vajmuan kas`i| a|-kasnmiri, ldrat al-Qur'n wa 'l-'Llm al-lslmiyyah, 1:)

xxxiv
'Allmah 7alar Ahmad 'Lthmn 1hnaw's ! twenty-volume manum cpus.
written in light ol the knowledge he gained lrom his maternal uncle, lmm uakim a|-
!6



0mman mawln Ashral 'Al 1hnaw !, the author sought to present detailed prools
ol the lanal school ol sacred law lrom lrophetic hadths and ancillary sciences ol
hadth. 1he book is exhaustive and is considered a unique hadth-oriented
encyclopaedia ol the lanal school. lt has undergone several publications in various
countries ol the world including lndia, lakistan, lebanon and 8yria. lowever, the
book - in its entirety - still awaits the service ol a true research scholar ol hadth to
edit and cross-relerence the vast oceans ol knowledge the author has traversed
within it. 8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah ! had taken the excellent introduction
ol the author belore adding his own introduction and lootnotes and publishing it as a
separate book. 1he snaykn entitled it qawiJ ji 0|um a|-uaJitn. le mentions in his
introduction that he lirst saw the book when it was sent to him in the radiant city ol
madnah, toward the end ol the lajj season ol 1!8! Al, by the author, 'Allmah 7alar
Ahmad 'Lthmn 1hnaw !, as a gilt. Alter returning to his hometown ol lalab
(Aleppo, 8yria), he browsed through the book and discovered what rare pearls it
contained. lt was only when he had been imprisoned in the desert ol 1admur during
1!86 Al did he read the entire book thoroughly. Alter describing the treasures that
the book contains, he mentions how he resolved to work on the book and have it
published in the Arab world lor the benelit ol the u|am` and students ol knowledge
there. Alter reading the book lor a third time during 1!89 - 1!90 Al in the 8audi city
ol kiyadh, he began work on it. 1he book has seen several editions in 8yria, lebanon
and lakistan. 8ee the addendum by 2ameelur kahman.

xxxv
Authored by the outstanding lndian hadth scholar and lanal jurist, lmm
mawln 'Abd al-layy lucknow ! (1264 - 1!04 Al), in response to ten questions
posed to him by mawln muhammad lusayn lhor ! a leading and highly
inlluential scholar ol the 'An| a|-uaJitn` lrom the then lndian subcontinent
regarding the books ol hadth and 0|um a|-5unnan. lmm lucknow ! states in his
introduction to the book that he received the questions whilst residing [lor academic
purposes] in lyderabad, ueccan and had little time to respond thoroughly, as he
would have wished to. 8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah !, in his exhaustive and
breathtaking commentary on the book marvels at the contents and depth ol
knowledge ol lmm lucknow ! apparent throughout the book. le states in the
!



introduction to his commentary that the book is unique in its subject matter. lt had
lilled a void in the sciences ol hadth, no scholar belore lmm lucknow ! had
written such a book. 1his book is a must lor every serious scholar ol hadth literature.

Alter discovering the works ol lmm lucknow !, the snaykn ! had lallen in love
with them to the extent that he embarked on the Vu`a||ajt a|-mm a|-uckncwi (1nc
wcrks cj mm uckncwi scrics) project. 1hrough this, he sought to lind the
undiscovered works ol the lmm in manuscript lorm, edit them whilst adding his
own annotations and publish them in the best possible standard lor the international
lslamic academia, particularly the scholars ol the Arab world. 1his continued till his
demise.

xxxvi
Also by lmm mawln 'Abd al-layy lucknow !, this is a book on the
science ol a|-jarn wa `|-1aJi| (a branch ol the sciences ol hadth that deals with
scrutinising the chain ol narrators, and thoroughly evaluating each narrator, in order
to declare him credible or otherwise). like A|-Ajwiuan a|-l(i|an, 7ajar a|-Amni ui 5narn
Vukntasar a|-5ayyiJ a|-5narij a|-jurjni jji Vusta|an a|-uaJitn] and other works ol lmm
lucknow !, this is a book that had lelt 8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah !
astounded, which the snaykn ! clearly expresses in the introductions to the now
eight editions ol this 64-page book. 1he snaykn ! states that no scholar belore lmm
lucknow had written such a unique book on the science ol a|-jarn wa `|-1aJi|. 1his is
undoubtedly another book by lmm lucknow !, with the commentary ol 8haykh
'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah !, that no true scholar or student ol ladth should be
without.

1o use a 8outh Asian idiom, il one were to describe the works ol lmm mawln 'Abd
al-layy lucknow ! as a beautilul young bride, then the annotations and
commentaries ol 8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah ! on those works ought to be
described as the glamorous jewellery worn by her.



!8




AuulNuLm
2ameelur kahman

8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah's ! commendation (tariz) ol
'Allmah mult muhammad 1aqi Lsmani's 1akmi|an latn a|-Vu|nim


All praise be to Allh and le sullices. may peace be upon lis chosen servants, at the
lorelront ol them our master, muhammad, the chosen one.

1o proceed:

1he best means by which the speech ol our oenerous lord is made clear, and the text
ol the olorious Qur`n is explained, is the speech ol our master, the truthlul and
trustworthy messenger ol Allh - may the blessings and peace ol Allh be upon him,
and may lis pleasure be upon his noble companions and their lollowers in excellence
to the uay ol kecompense.

lndeed, serving the speech ol our master, the messenger ol Allh #, is lrom the very
essence ol serving the Noble Qur`n, which is the primary source ol the bright
snarian, and [the source ol] lirm might and lelicity in the two abodes lor those who
seek guidance. Allh, the oenerous, had chosen lrom the very lirst day lor the service
ol the sunnah and its auxiliary sciences exceptional men and leading luminaries who
would assume responsibility ol its preservation, its care, its reception and its
narration, its commentary and its comprehension, and its transmission lrom the
chiel ol the lrophets # to the pure believers with the utmost accuracy and precision,
so that it became a well-guarded treasure and a providential guide. 1he dedication
!9



with which they served the sunnah is unprecedented in [the history ol] the services
ol the u|am` to any science.

lrom the most important ol that in which the scholars ol the pure sunnah showed
particular interest are the two $anins ol al-lukhr and muslim - may Allh be
pleased with them both and reward them abundantly. 1he book ol al-lukhr has
received the greatest share and the largest lot, and it is worthy and deserving ol this
[honour].

As lor the book ol muslim, the dedication it has received has been less than that ol
the book ol al-lukhr, even though lrom the perspective ol the narrative structure
in the presentation ol its hadths it is the sweetest and most satislying drinking-
source.

oreat u|am` and pious luminaries have served it with commentary and dedication,
lrom the last ol whom has been the researcher ol the age, the embodiment ol bright
and radiant virtues, our master, the valiant imm, 8habbr Ahmad al-'Lthmn - may
Allh most ligh have mercy upon him. lis book in which he explained $anin Vus|im
was as he named it the opening ol the lnspirer in commenting on $anin Vus|im" (latn
a|-Vu|nim ui 5narn $anin Vus|im). le completed the commentary up to kitu a|-ka(
(1nc 8cck cj 5uck|in) when death overtook him belore he could lullil his wish [ol
completing the commentary].

1herelore, it became a duty upon those who knew him and those who drank lrom the
waters ol his knowledge and his successors to perlect his splendour and complete his
lavour. 1hus, our teacher, the brilliant scholar ol great learning, the grand mult,
mawln muhammad 8hal' - may Allh most ligh have mercy upon him - spurred
the aspirations ol his intelligent son, the sagacious scholar ol great learning, the
distinguished hadth master, the jurist and skillul man ol letters, muhammad 1aq al-
'Lthmn, to complete latn a|-Vu|nim. 1his he did owing to his recognition ol the rank

40



and due ol 8haykh [8habbr Ahmad al-'Lthmn !], the commentator, and his
payment ol this due at the hands ol his adept and learned son.

1hus, he - may Allh most ligh protect him - began to write lrom the point to which
'Allmah 8habbr Ahmad al-'Lthmn had reached, lollowing his example in
verilication and exhaustion, and expending his lull ellort so the completion assumes
the lunction ol a [remaining] brick in that building, and his work settles with Allh's
permission and help in the place ol perlection. [le did this work] with the seekers ol
benelit being gratelul to him lor appropriating lor them the teachings and
verilications that are hard to come by. may Allh perlect [lis] lavour upon him by
completing what was begun, and may le accept lrom him that in which he excelled
and by which he produced benelit. may Allh assist him and be his protector and may
le honour me with his pious supplications. lndeed le has guardianship ol the
righteous.

written by the one needy ol lim most ligh

'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah
in larachi at the ur al-'Llm
7uhr ol wednesday, 9
th
kab' al-Awwal, 1402 Al (1982 cl)



[1he above] is how l commended the book 1akmi|an 5narn $anin Vus|im in the year
1402 Al when it was still a new moon in its early phases, just starting to grow. lt has
now turned into a lull moon, its radiance and lragrance has blossomed, and it has
taken its place amongst the commentaries ol the pure sunnah [as a commentary] ol
the glorious book - $anin muslim. low deserving it is ol praise and commendation,
and an elaboration ol its exceptional merits and its superb qualities! lt has become,
with praise to Allh, pleasing to onlookers and a coolness to the eyes ol researchers
and students, [as it is] a magnilicent commentary and a comprehensive tome,

41



succeeding its original, latn a|-Vu|nim, by an opening lrom the lountilul, in
verilication and comprehensiveness.

1his is no surprise, as the author is an |im, the son ol an |im who was an imm [ol
the Qur'n and sunnah], an oceanic scholar and a jurist ol high calibre, lor, he is the
son ol our teacher, the magnilicent scholar ol great learning, the grand mult, the
highly perceptive hadth master and jurist, mawln 8haykh muhammad 8hal' al-
'Lthmn al-ueoband - may Allh's mercies and great lavour shower upon him.

1he author - may Allh most ligh protect him - has exhausted in this book the
explanation ol every uncommon word lrom the text ol hadths and elucidation ol
every problematic sentence and dillicult passage. le has sought herein to resolve the
areas ol reservation relating to the chains ol narrators lrom a hadth perspective. At
the same time, he provided the correct vowelisation ol the dillicult names and
ancestries, and briel and concise biographies ol the narrators and transmitters when
the context so demanded. ln some places, he alerted to the subtleties ol the chains ol
transmission in the style ol hadth scholars.

le gave the research its lull due, ol presentation and verilication, in quoting lrom all
lour schools [ol law]. le listed the prools ol every school when discussing the hadths
pertaining to rulings, on which there are dillerent opinions lrom the perspective ol
narration and comprehension, while giving prelerence to the weightier ol the
dillerent opinions lrom the perspective ol narration and comprehension, with
utmost lairness and balance, avoiding partiality and bias towards any particular
school.

One ol its distinctive leatures in such discussions is the summarisation ol the speech
ol the earlier hadth masters and jurists, and making it accessible to the minds, by
means ol a marvelous structure and arrangement whereby its comprehension and
digestion becomes easy lor the reader. [All] this is in addition to the uselul notes and
verilications which came to the mind ol its author and the extreme cautiousness and

42



remarkable etiquette in all debates and discussions that Allh most ligh has endowed
him with.

lt is a tremendous distinguishing leature that he compiled the commentary in light ol
the teachings ol the earlier imms and u|am` lrom the predecessors and successors
while sourcing every quote to its speaker and its source with conlidence and
precision. lence, the author - may Allh most ligh protect him - was not like some
who gnaw at the speech ol the imms, deluded by their [own] understanding and
knowledge, or [like those who] argue with them as equals. kather, he had the utmost
respect lor, and estimation ol, the earlier imms and u|am`. ln this is a lesson lor the
readers ol his book, who are students, to assume this praiseworthy quality, lor,
indeed a generation has come lorth in these times whose custom it is to undermine
the standing ol the great u|am` and to advance themselves in this race and to leign
knowledge belore the eyes, having succumbed to the intoxication ol vanity.

Ol that which increases the beauty and benelit ol this commentary is that the author
produced, while commenting on the hadths, their additions and supplements which
appear in other paths which lmm muslim did not transmit, but other imms ol
hadth and authors ol the $anin, 5unan and VusnaJ collections and other [hadth
compilations] transmitted, since the pure sunnah in its reliable collections is a single
dining cloth. ln this style lies the greatest assistance in elucidating the areas ol
questions and ambiguity in the texts and chains ol the hadths, as narrations are
explained by one another. when the various chains ol a chapter are not all collected,
its coherence and its lragrance will not materialise.

within the commentary there are important scattered discussions on the delects ol
hadth based on a purely hadth-oriented methodology which benelits the reader and
completes [all relevant discussions] on a topic. ln the course ol the jurisprudential
and hadth-related discussions, there are authoritative academic criticisms ol the
assessments ol other commentators like a|-ujiz lbn lajar and others, and important
amendments which are necessary lor the completion ol the study. 1here are also
powerlul relutations within the commentary ol deviant groups, along with removal
4!



ol the doubts ol heretics and lollowers ol desires lrom the early or late peoples. le
invalidated the doubts ol contemporary Orientalists and Occidentalists with an
authoritative and clear explanation and a calm and convincing style.

One ol the unique leatures ol this commentary is that the author has been particular
about elaborating on the laws ol contemporary jurisprudential matters under their
relevant hadths. ln this lie priceless lessons, and an enlightenment lor the possessors
ol knowledge ol jurisprudence and hadth simultaneously, and a connection ol the
age-old with the modern. ln this is also a vindication that the lrophetic sunnah, lrom
the perspective ol its comprehensive principles and its inclusive rules, illuminates
the rulings pertaining to new matters and emergent events, however diverse they
may be.

1he author has added lor the benelit ol the readers valuable introductions belore
each ol the books ol $anin Vus|im so it becomes a torch lor the reader when entering
that book. ln these [introductions] are benelits and anecdotes lor the researchers and
the educationalists.

All ol this is adorned with simple phrasing and clear explanation and a pure style, and
many other exceptional merits and superb qualities which this commentary enjoys -
and all praise be to Allh.

may Allh most ligh reward with goodness its author, the respected brother, the
sagacious scholar ol great learning, the brilliant hadth master, the jurist, the judge,
muhammad 1aq al-'Lthmn on behall ol knowledge and its people, and reward him
abundantly in this world and the next, and extend his stay in salety and happiness
and a wholesome lile, and grant him [lurther] ability ol the likes ol this magnilicent
achievement in righteous deeds that are beneliting and prolitable in his worldly lile
and his ultimate end, and may le honour me with his righteous supplications in his
private moments and public moments. lndeed le has guardianship ol the righteous.

44




written by the one needy ol lim most ligh

'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah
kiyadh
08J08J141 Al (199 cl)

(1akmi|an latn a|-Vu|nim, ur lhy' al-1urth al-'Arab, 1:-9)












4



8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah's ! commendation (tariz) ol
'Allmah 7alar Ahmad 'Lthmn 1hnaw's ! '|` a|-5unan

All praise be to Allh, lord ol the worlds, and blessings and peace be upon our leader
and our master muhammad, and upon his lamily and all his companions.

1o proceed:

One ol the most important ways in which the pure sunnah is served is by
commenting on the hadths ol rulings and extracting what is lound in them ol
jurisprudence (liqh) and teaching, commands and prohibitions, the lawlul and the
unlawlul. 1he aspirations ol the juristic hadth masters vied with one another in
every age and place to collect these hadths on a single platlorm so they become a
simple relerence-point and easily attainable lor every student ol jurisprudence and
seeker ol benelit.

One ol the best, nay tnc best, ol what has been compiled on this [subject] in this
lourteenth century, and the most lar-reaching ol them in comprehensiveness, lrom
the perspective ol the lanal masters, is the book '|` a|-5unan. 1his is a compilation
by our teacher, the great scholar ('a||man), the hadth scholar (munaJJitn), the jurist
(jain), the theoretician (usu|i), the prolicient researcher, 8haykh 7alar Ahmad al-
'Lthmn al-1hnaw !, which was lirst printed in lndia using [old] lithographic
print in the year 1!41 Al (192! cl) and [later volumes continued to be printed]
thencelorth, and most ol it was printed there. lts printing was later completed in
larachi (lakistan), and was published in twenty volumes.* 1hese included two
volumes ol prologue to the book. One ol them was on the sciences ol hadth** and the
other on juristic principles, in view ol what the book contained ol noble hadths in
the main text (matn) and the juristic rulings deduced lrom them in the commentary
(snarn), so the book by means ol this comprehensiveness and meticulousness came to
46



be at the pinnacle ol what was compiled on its subject matter.

1he reason lor compiling this immensely benelicial book is what occurred in the
course ol this century when a group ol people in some cities ol lndia arose, belore the
partition ol lakistan, calling themselves 'Ahl al-ladth', claiming that the school ol
the lanal masters, which is the school ol the majority ol muslims in those large and
expansive lands, conllicts with the lrophetic hadths in many issues, just as they
claimed that the lanal masters preler analogy over the noble hadth, and just as
they rejected ta|iJ ol the lour lmms $ who are lollowed, and they stretched their
tongues with respect to lanal jurisprudence, and more specilically, with respect to
the jurist ol this Lmmah, lmm Ab lanlah !.

Outstanding scholars lrom those lndian lands arose to challenge these deviant beliels
and they lalsilied these claims through many well-researched hadth-oriented works.
1hey explained in these [works] the reliance ol the lanal masters in their
jurisprudence and their school on the noble hadths, and that they preler the noble
hadth, and even weak hadth, over analogy, and that analogy with its set conditions
is amongst the prools which must be acted upon, and the lanal lmms are no less in
deducing rulings lrom the sunnah and holding lirmly to it than other imms, il not
stronger than others in holding lirmly to the sunnah and atnar (reports lrom the
companions and their successors). kather, our teacher, the author ol '|` a|-5unan -
may Allh Almighty have mercy on him and increase his rewards - established in his
hadth-oriented introduction, qaw'iJ ji '0|um a|-uaJitn (p. 289), that the lanals
preler the statements ol the companions ' over analogy, due to their excessive
adherence to reports lrom the companions and their successors, let alone the noble
lrophetic hadths.

Owing to this unique, comprehensive and rare book - '|` a|-5unan - and other similar
hadth-oriented compilations, which the scholars ol lndia and lakistan undertook in
those lands which have now carried lrom the lands ol the muslims the burdens ol the
sciences ol the sunnah, its service and its propagation, those deviant claims against
the lanals have subsided in lutility, and every arrogant, deviant or shameless
4



pretender ol knowledge has been silenced, and it has become apparent to every
possessor ol eyes that the lanals are amongst the greatest adherents to hadth and
reports lrom the companions and their successors, while being people ol analogy and
research.

'Allmah [7alar Ahmad al-'Lthmn] al-1hnaw - may Allh reward him abundantly
and raise his status and his mention belore lim - exhausted in '|` a|-5unan the
prools pertinent to all the chapters ol jurisprudence - lrom the chapter ol
purilication to the concluding chapters ol jurisprudence - with extraordinary ellort
and rigorous hadth and liqh-oriented methodology. oazes turned to this book and
the hands ol the scholars lrom the time ol its publication hastily seized it, and
acquiring a copy ol it came to be a major aspiration in the hearts ol the scholars who
knew about this book in comparison with other books or had heard about it.

lt is sullicient testimony lor you to know the lolty position ol this book that the like
ol our teacher, lmm al-lawthar !, praised it with the most wonderlul praise in his
book, Va|t a|-kawtnari (p. ), in an article in which he speaks ol various lands
taking turns in carrying the burdens ol the sciences ol the sunnah. Alter relerring to
the ellorts ol the scholars ol lndia and lakistan and their achievements in the lield ol
the pure sunnah in the latter centuries, and their undertaking ol the burdens ol the
sciences ol the sunnah since the tenth century till now, he said:

8ome ol their scholars also have specilic compilations on the hadths ol rulings in a
novel original style, which is to exhaust the rulings lrom their sources and collect
them in one place, arranged into chapters, and to comment on every hadth with
criticism and accreditation ol its reporters and [overall] strength and weakness ol the
report."

Alter lmm al-lawthar ! loltily praised the book tnr a|-5unan, written with the
same objective, by the great hadth master, the knowledgeable jurist, the critical
analyst, 8haykh muhammad ibn 'Al, popularly known as 7ahr Ahsan al-Nmaw !,
the summary ol what lmm al-lawthar ! said is:
48



8imilarly, the inimitable great scholar, the unique ocean, the teacher ol the scholars
ol the lndian lands, the great hadth master, the knowledgeable critical analyst, our
master, the sage ol the Lmmah, muhammad Ashral 'Al al-1hnaw !, the author ol
works, both small and large, numbering around live hundred, nay his works
numbered to more than a thousand by the time ol his death, turned to this matter
and he authored jmi' a|-tnr. A description ol this book is dispensable by the
mention ol the great name ol its author. Although it was published in lndia, acquiring
it has become somewhat dillicult since its printed copies were depleted by the great
number ol those interested in collecting the works ol this oodly scholar (a|-|im a|-
kauuni), who is a blessing ol the lndian lands, and he has a high standing amongst
the scholars ol lndia such that they call him 'the sage ol the Lmmah' (uakim a|-
0mman).

1his magnilicent scholar instructed his student and nephew, who completed his
hadth studies under his tutelage and supervision, the critical hadth master, the
excellent jurist, mawln 7alar Ahmad al-1hnaw - may his achievements increase -
to compile the prools ol the chapters ol jurisprudence by collating the hadths ol
rulings, [arranging them] into chapters, lrom the sources that are dillicult to obtain,
while commenting on every hadth in accordance with the requirements ol the
science ol hadth ol strength and weakness and acceptance and rejection, as per the
varying schools. 1his enthusiastic scholar occupied himsell with this dillicult task lor
approximately twenty years with the utmost commitment until he completed his
work with the utmost brilliance by the will and enabling ol Allh olorilied is le.

1ruth be told, l was astonished by this compilation, exhaustion and this extreme
comprehensiveness in commenting on every hadth in accordance with the
requirements ol the science [ol hadth], in relation to the text and chain ol reporters,
without any apparent superliciality in support ol his [lanal] school. kather,
impartiality was his principle when speaking ol the opinions ol the various schools.
lence, l was extremely pleased with the work. 1his is how the aspirations ol [real]
men and the earnestness ol [true] heroes are. ll only some ol the owners ol the large
publishing houses in lgypt were to obtain the book lrom its author and print it in
49



beautilul lgyptian type. ll one ol them were to do that, he would have rendered
knowledge a service that would be appreciated, and he would have lilled a gap in this
subject." [lere] ends the statement ol our teacher, lmm al-lawthar !.

lndeed Allh Almighty has shown lavour by bringing this preciously noble desire to
reality. lor, le has enabled the publishing ol this brilliant hadth and liqh-oriented
book in the city ol larachi in lakistan, adorned with an academically distinguished
service by the great scholar, the researcher, the hadth master, the perceptive jurist,
the man ol letters, the esteemed 8haykh muhammad 1aq al-'Lthmn,*** the son ol
our respected teacher the orand mult mawln muhammad 8hal' ! - may his lolty
shadow be lengthened in good health and happiness.

1hat descendant, the brilliant heir, undertook the task ol verilying, editing and
annotating this book in a way that will complete its aims and objectives and perlect
its pearls and its benelits with a lolty academic llavour and a novel typed artistic
lormat, with a brilliant look lrom the beauty ol modern printing. 1he lirst volume has
become a wonderlul academic treasure. 1he services ol the sagacious researcher, the
apple ol lakistan,**** is manilest therein, so this wonderlul academic work deserves
the gratitude ol the students ol knowledge and scholars.

Allh is beseeched lor the completion ol this encyclopaedic benelicial book at his
hands, so it becomes a great weight in his overllowing good deeds, Allh willing. may
Allh reward him the best ol rewards on behall ol knowledge and its people. may le
also reward with goodness its distributor, publisher and all who helped in its
production in this immaculate cover and beautilul printing. All praise is to Allh by
whose grace good actions are completed.
written by the one needy ol lim most ligh
'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah
college ol 8har'ah
kiyadh
0



0!J02J1!96 Al (196 cl)
----------

* 1he linal volume was completed in 1! Al (19!8 cl).

** 8haykh 'Abd al-latth !: 1his benelicial comprehensive hadth-oriented
introduction called nn` a|-5akan i| man yu(|i'u '|` a|-5unan was printed in lndia in
the year 1!4 Al in [old] lithographic print. lt was then printed in larachi in lakistan
in the year 1!8! Al in modern print. later, Allh, with whom is grace and blessing,
lavoured me with serving this unique hadth-oriented introduction by verilying,
editing, annotating, publishing and distributing it with the title qaw'iJ ji '0|um a|-
uaJitn. lts printing was completed in leirut in the year 1!92 in 0 pages and it
became by the grace ol Allh Almighty an academic gilt that is wonderlul to look at
and learn lrom, and it received the most pleasant acceptance and approval lrom the
great scholars ol this lield. All praise belongs to Allh, cherisher ol the worlds.

*** Abu Asim ladrul lslam: 1his commendation (tariz) must have been written by
8haykh 'Abd al- latth Ab ohuddah ! not long alter our master 'Allmah mult
muhammad 1aqi Lsmani had commenced his work on '|` a|-5unan, as l know lrom
the latter that he edited no more than the lirst two volumes out ol the twenty-two
volumes ol the old ldrat al-Qur'n (larachi) edition.

**** 8haykh 'Abd al-lattah !: 1his is a title which l have designated to the verilier
and editor ol this book [mult muhammad 1aq al-'Lthmn] - may Allh Almighty
protect and maintain him - while he was in the prime ol his youth approximately
lilteen years ago during my lirst trip to lakistan in the year 1!82 Al (1962 cl) when l
saw in him a vigorous talent, a sharp mind, expansive knowledge, overllowing
brilliance, along with a high and transparent spirit and a rare Arabic eloquence in his
sermons and his extemporaneous speech. may Allh increase him lrom lis lavour
and accordance, and benelit through him [lis] servants and all lands, and bless me
with his righteous supplications.
1



('|` a|-5unan, ldrat al-Qur'n wa 'l-'Llm al-lslmiyyah, 1:!-)


8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah's ! letter to
5naykn-a|-uaJitn mawln muhammad 2akariyy lndhlaw !


1he lollowing is a translation ol a letter written by 8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab
ohuddah !. lt was addressed to 5naykn a|-uaJitn mawln muhammad 2akariyy !
and was sent alter the noble 8haykh ! had been gilted the 5naykn a|-uaJitn's !
multi-voluminous commentary ol lmm mlik's ! a|-Vuwa((a`, entitled Awjaz a|-
Vas|ik i| Vuwa((a` V|ik. 8haykh 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah ! wrote:


'ln the name ol Allh, the All compassionate, the All-mercilul.

1o lis eminence, the snaykn, the magnilicent imm, the jurist, the hadth master, the
outstanding noble scholar, the lragrance ol lndia and the lijz, the tongue ol the
people ol reality and metaphor, our master and our blessing, 8haykh muhammad
2akariyy - may his lolty shadow be lengthened and his precious lile be blessed.
mn.

lrom the needy slave, your admirer, 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah.

A|-sa|mu a|aykum wa ranmat A||ni wa uaraktun

1o proceed:

1ogether with you, l praise Allh, and l hope you are in allluence and lortune lrom
Allh and in perlect health.

2



l received with the hand ol gratitude and respect your priceless and precious gilt
Awjaz a|-Vas|ik. may Allh accept this immense ellort and great [work ol] benelit
which le has loreordained lor you. lor, indeed you have expanded breasts and hearts
by this commentary ol the book a|-Vuwa((a`, and you have illuminated by it the minds
and sights, and you were earnest in benelitting the seekers ol benelit, such that it is
apt to say ol Awjaz a|-Vas|ik: 'lvery game is in the belly ol the wild ass'*.

All praise to Allh lor what le has bestowed upon you, and may Allh benelit the
muslims through you, and give me, my lamily and my children the lortune ol your
pious supplications. l ask Allh to protect you until a near longed-lor meeting, in
which l will kiss your hands and have the good lortune, il Allh wills, ol sitting in
your company, in order to gain maximum benelit [lrom you] and provision [lor the
alterlile]. may Allh protect you and preserve you with lis lortune and grace, as a
blessing upon us and the muslims and lis chosen ones.

A|-sa|mu a|aykum wa ranmat A||n wa uaraktun

kiyadh
J6J1401 Al (1981 cl)
Your admirer,
8igned: 'Abd al-latth Ab ohuddah'



* An Arabic proverb meaning the wild ass is the greatest game. whoever catches it, is
not in need ol any other game. 8haykh 'Abd al-latth is therelore stating that Awjaz
a|-Vas|ik dispenses with all previous commentaries on a|-Vuwa((a`. (2k)

8ince its completion, Awjaz a|-Vas|ik has seen countless publications in many parts ol
the world, including lndia, lakistan, lgypt and lebanon. lunded by 8haykh 8ultn
ibn 2yid l Nahyn (Vice lresident ol the council ol ministers, Lnited Arab
lmirates), it has been republished in 1424 Al (200! cl) lrom ur al-Qalam lublishers
!



in uamascus with the verilication and editing ol ur. 8haykh 1aqi al-un Nadw,
student ol the author. 1his latest edition, in eighteen large and extremely beautilul
volumes, is by lar the best edition to date. like the countless other works ol the great
masters ol the ueobandi school, this is a hadth and liqh encyclopaedia that lelt
scholars astounded. 1o this day, the book and its noble author continue to receive
words ol extolment lrom scholars ol the mlik school, a commentary ol the work ol
whose great lounder this book is. (AAll)

























4



1he lollowing is a copy ol the letter in the noble snaykn's ! handwriting.