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Handover Control

WCDMA RAN Feature Description

Handover Control Feature Description

Handover Control Feature Description


Version Date Author Approved By Remarks

V2.5 V3.0 V3.1

2009-1-20 2009-2-27 2009-6-2

Sha Xiubin / ZhangBo Sha Xiubin / ZhangBo ZhangBo

Liu Min Liu Min Liu Min

2008 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved. ZTE CONFIDENTIAL: This document contains proprietary information of ZTE and is not to be disclosed or used without the prior written permission of ZTE. Due to update and improvement of ZTE products and technologies, information of the document is subjected to change without notice.

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Handover Control Feature Description

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1 2 2.1 2.1.1 2.1.2 2.1.3 2.1.4 2.1.5 2.1.6 2.1.7 2.1.8 2.1.9 2.1.10 2.1.11 2.1.12 2.1.13 2.1.14 2.1.15 2.1.16 2.1.17 2.1.18 2.1.19 3 3.1 3.2 4 4.1 4.1.1 4.1.2 4.1.3 4.2 4.3 4.3.1 4.3.2 4.3.3 4.3.4 4.3.5 4.3.6 4.3.7 4.3.8 4.3.9 4.4 4.4.1 4.4.2 4.4.3 4.4.4 4.4.5 4.4.6 Functional Attribute .............................................................................................. 2 Overview ................................................................................................................ 2 Function Introduction............................................................................................... 2 Soft Handover and Softer Handover ....................................................................... 2 Intra-Frequency Hard Handover .............................................................................. 2 Inter-Frequency Hard Handover .............................................................................. 2 Inter-RAT Mobility ................................................................................................... 2 Inter-RNC(with IUR) Handover ................................................................................ 2 Inter-RNC Handover Without lur Interface............................................................... 2 Compressed Mode .................................................................................................. 2 Adjacent Cell Priority............................................................................................... 2 Change of HS-DSCH Serving Cell .......................................................................... 2 Change of Serving Cell in E-DCH Active Set .......................................................... 2 Handover Based on Dedicated Downlink Transmit Power ....................................... 2 Handover Based on Dedicated Uplink Transmit Power (UE).................................... 2 QoS-based Handover.............................................................................................. 2 IMSI-based Handover ............................................................................................. 2 Associated Channel Soft/Softer Handover of HSDPA.............................................. 2 Associated Channel Soft/Softer Handover of HSUPA.............................................. 2 Different Active Sets of E-DCH and DCH ................................................................ 2 Handover Strategy Based on Service Type ............................................................. 2 SRNS Relocation .................................................................................................... 2 Compressed Mode Strategy.................................................................................. 2 Introduction to Compressed Mode........................................................................... 2 Compressed Mode Strategy .................................................................................... 2 Intra-Frequency Handover Strategy ..................................................................... 2 Intra-Frequency Measurement ................................................................................ 2 Introduction to Intra-Frequency Measurement ......................................................... 2 Measurement Control Method Related to Active Set and Monitored set .................. 2 Handling of Over 32 Adjacent Cells......................................................................... 2 Handling Mechanism for Period-based Report of Intra-Frequency Handover Measurement .......................................................................................................... 2 Intra-Frequency Handover Decision ........................................................................ 2 Event 1A-Triggered Handover................................................................................. 2 Event 1B-Triggered Handover................................................................................. 2 Event 1C-Triggered Handover................................................................................. 2 Event 1D-Triggered Handover................................................................................. 2 Time-To-Trigger Mechanism Used to Control Event Report .................................... 2 Handling of Intra-Frequency Events ........................................................................ 2 Detected set Handover............................................................................................ 2 Detected Set Tracing .............................................................................................. 2 Processing of the Rx-Tx time difference of a UE in macro diversity ........................ 2 Intra-Frequency Handover Procedure...................................................................... 2 Intra-RNC Soft Handover (Add a Radio Link) .......................................................... 2 Intra-RNC Soft Handover (Delete a Radio Link) ...................................................... 2 Intra-RNC Soft Handover (Swap a Radio Link)........................................................ 2 Intra-RNC Hard handover........................................................................................ 2 Inter-RNC Hard Handover Through lur Interface ..................................................... 2 Inter-RNC Hard Handover Without lur Interface ...................................................... 2

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II

Handover Control Feature Description

5 5.1 5.1.1 5.1.2 5.1.3 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.10 6 6.1 6.2 7 7.1 7.1.1 7.1.2 7.1.3 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 7.8.1 7.8.2 8 8.1 8.2 9 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 10 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 11 11.1 11.2

Inter-Frequency Handover Strategy ..................................................................... 2 Inter-Frequency Measurement ................................................................................ 2 Introduction to Inter-Frequency Measurement ......................................................... 2 Inter-Frequency Measurement Control Method........................................................ 2 Handling of Over 32 Adjacent Cells......................................................................... 2 Handling Mechanism for Period-based Report of Inter-Frequency Handover Measurement .......................................................................................................... 2 Downlink Coverage Based Inter-Frequency Handover............................................. 2 Uplink BLER Based Inter-Frequency Handover ....................................................... 2 Uplink Transmit Power Based Inter-Frequency Handover........................................ 2 Downlink Transmit Power Based Inter-Frequency Handover ................................... 2 Load Control Based Handover ................................................................................ 2 Moving Speed Based Handover .............................................................................. 2 Coupling Handling of Different Handovers............................................................... 2 Inter-Frequency Handover Procedure...................................................................... 2 SRNS Relocation ................................................................................................... 2 Relocation Triggered by Soft Handover................................................................... 2 Relocation Triggered by Hard Handover.................................................................. 2 Inter-RAT Handover Policy ................................................................................... 2 Inter-RAT Measurement .......................................................................................... 2 Overview of Inter-RAT Measurement ...................................................................... 2 Control Methods for Inter-RAT Measurement .......................................................... 2 Processing in the Case of More Than 32 Inter-RAT Neighboring Cells .................... 2 Inter-RAT Handover Based on Downlink Coverage ................................................. 2 Inter-RAT Handover Based on Uplink BLER............................................................ 2 Inter-RAT Handover Based on Uplink Transmit Power ............................................ 2 Inter-RAT Handover Based on Downlink Transmit Power........................................ 2 Handover Based on Load Control............................................................................ 2 with ShareCover (Overlap or Covers)with GsmShareCover (Overlap or Covers)with GsmShareCover (Overlap or Covers)Coupling for Different Handover Causes ....... 2 Inter-RAT Handover Process................................................................................... 2 CS Service Handover from 3G System to 2G System............................................. 2 PS Service Reselection in 3G to 2G Handover ....................................................... 2 IMSI-based handover............................................................................................. 2 Querying Whether a SRNC Cell Is Authorized According to IMSI ............................ 2 Querying Whether a DRNC Cell Is Authorized According to IMSI............................ 2 HSDPA-related special strategy............................................................................ 2 Overview ................................................................................................................ 2 Intra-frequency Handover........................................................................................ 2 Inter-frequency Handover........................................................................................ 2 Inter-RAT Handover ................................................................................................ 2 HSUPA-related special strategy............................................................................ 2 Overview ................................................................................................................ 2 Intra-frequency Handover........................................................................................ 2 Inter-frequency Handover........................................................................................ 2 Inter-RAT Handover ................................................................................................ 2 MBMS-related special strategy ............................................................................. 2 Intra-frequency Handover........................................................................................ 2 Inter-frequency Handover........................................................................................ 2

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III

Handover Control Feature Description

12 12.1 12.1.1 12.1.2 12.2 12.2.1 12.2.2 12.3 12.3.1 12.3.2 12.4 12.4.1 12.4.2 12.5 12.5.1 12.5.2 12.6 12.6.1 12.6.2 12.7 12.7.1 12.7.2 12.8 12.8.1 12.8.2 13 13.1 13.1.1 13.1.2 13.1.3 13.1.4 13.1.5 13.1.6 13.1.7 13.1.8 13.1.9 13.1.10 13.1.11 13.1.12 13.2 14

parameters and configurations ............................................................................ 2 Intra-Frequency Handover Parameters.................................................................... 2 Parameter List......................................................................................................... 2 Parameter Configuration ......................................................................................... 2 Inter-Frequency Handover Parameters.................................................................... 2 Parameter List......................................................................................................... 2 Parameter Configuration ......................................................................................... 2 SRNC Relocation Parameters................................................................................. 2 Parameter List......................................................................................................... 2 Parameter Configuration ......................................................................................... 2 Inter-RAT Handover Parameters............................................................................. 2 Parameter List......................................................................................................... 2 Parameter Configuration ......................................................................................... 2 IMSI-based Handover Parameters .......................................................................... 2 Parameter List......................................................................................................... 2 Parameter Configuration ......................................................................................... 2 HSDPA Handover Parameters ................................................................................ 2 Parameter List......................................................................................................... 2 Parameter Configuration ......................................................................................... 2 HSUPA Handover Parameters ................................................................................ 2 Parameter List......................................................................................................... 2 Parameter Configuration ......................................................................................... 2 MBMS Handover Parameters.................................................................................. 2 Parameter List......................................................................................................... 2 Parameter Configuration ......................................................................................... 2 Counter And Alarm................................................................................................ 2 Counter List............................................................................................................. 2 RNC Soft Handover Statistics ................................................................................. 2 RNC Hard Handover Statistics ................................................................................ 2 Relocation With UE Not Involed.............................................................................. 2 RNC Inter-RAT Handover Statistics ........................................................................ 2 Cell Soft Handover Statistics................................................................................... 2 Cell Hard Handover Statistics.................................................................................. 2 Transfer between HSPA and DCH due to Cell Mobility............................................ 2 Cell HSPA Handover to 2G Statistics...................................................................... 2 Cell Inter-RAT Handover Statistics.......................................................................... 2 Inter-cell Hard Handover Statistics .......................................................................... 2 Inter-cell Soft Handover Statistics ........................................................................... 2 Inter-RAT Cell Handover Statistics.......................................................................... 2 Alarm List................................................................................................................ 2 Glossary................................................................................................................. 2

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IV

Handover Control Feature Description

Figures and Tables


Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 16 Figure 17 Figure 18 Figure 19 Figure 20 Figure 21 Figure 22 Figure 23 Figure 24 Figure 25 Figure 26 Figure 27 Transmission Gap (TG) position................................................................................ 2 Parameters of compressed mode.............................................................................. 2 Procedure for E-DCH fallback to DCH prior to initiation of compressed mode ........... 2 Intra-frequency handover index quotations................................................................ 2 Cell priority configuration........................................................................................... 2 Time-To-Trigger mechanism ..................................................................................... 2 Intra-frequency handover index quotations................................................................ 2 Intra-RNC soft handover (Add a radio link)................................................................ 2 Intra-RNC soft handover (Delete a radio link) ............................................................ 2 Intra-RNC soft handover (Swap a radio link) ............................................................. 2 Intra-RNC hard handover procedure.......................................................................... 2 Inter-RNC hard handover through lur interface .......................................................... 2 Inter-RNC hard handover without lur interface........................................................... 2 Inter-frequency handover index quotations................................................................ 2 Cell priority configuration........................................................................................... 2 Example of slow-moving UE judging conditions ........................................................ 2 Example of fast-moving UE judging condition ........................................................... 2 SRNC relocation procedure (Span two CNs ) ............................................................ 2 Relocation triggered by soft handover ....................................................................... 2 Relocation triggered by hard handover...................................................................... 2 Indexing relation for Inter-RAT handover................................................................... 2 Priority settings of cells ............................................................................................. 2 3G to 2G CS service handover ................................................................................. 2 PS service reselection initiated by an UE in the case of 3G to 2G handover ............. 2 PS service reselection initiated by the RNC in the case of 3G to 2G handover.......... 2 Schematic Diagram of Querying Whether a SRNC Cell Is Authorized According to IMSI .......................................................................................................................... 2 Schematic Diagram of Querying Whether a DRNC Cell Is Authorized According to IMSI .......................................................................................................................... 2

Table 1 Table 2 Table 3 Table 4 Table 5 Table 6

Correspondence between handover and compressed modes .................................... 2 Parameters of compressed mode.............................................................................. 2 Table of Principle ...................................................................................................... 2 Default Value of the UE Intra-frequency Measurement Configuration Parameters Related to Traffic Category ....................................................................................... 2 Service Type Related UE Inter-frequency Measurement Parameter ConfigurationDefault Value ....................................................................................... 2 Service Type Related UE Inter-RAT Measurement Parameter ConfigurationDefault Value ........................................................................................................................ 2

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Handover Control Feature Description

Functional Attribute
System version: [RNC V3.07.310, OMMR V3.17.310, Node B V4.00.200, OMMB V4.00.200] Attribute: [Mandatory function] Involved NEs: UE NodeB ! Note: *-: Not involved. *!: Involved. Dependent function: [None]. Mutually exclusive function: [None]. Remarks: [None]. !

RNC !

MSCS -

MGW -

SGSN -

GGSN -

HLR -

2
2.1

Overview
Function Introduction
The cell handover strategy is required in WCDMA to implement the mobility management of RRC connection due to the mobility of UE. It is also required to balance traffic among cells to lower traffic in heavily-loaded cell. The service connection must not be interrupted and QoS must be met during handover. In the process of handover: The handover in which a UE retains radio connection with the original cell while establishing radio connection in a new cell is referred to as soft handover. During soft handover, if the new and original cells are located under the same NodeB, this type of handover is referred to as softer handover. If UE needs to disconnect link with the original cell before setting up a link (synchronization) with the new cell(that is, new and original links do not co-exist in UE), this type of handover is referred to as hard handover.

A interruption will occur to UE transmitting and receiving at the time of hard handover. Therefore, the hard handover may affect the QoS.

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Handover Control Feature Description

The handover may also be further classified into intra-frequency handover, interfrequency handover and Inter-RAT handover based on different cell frequency features/access technologies before and after handover. A UE in a connection mode can only receive the service data of single frequency, but the soft handover/softer handover requires the UE to retain radio link with several cells concurrently, so soft/softer handover must be intra-frequency handover. But the handover between cells in the same frequency may not necessarily be soft/softer handover, and it may be hard handover. The inter-frequency/Inter-RAT handover is hard handover without fail because of the change of carrier frequency/frequency band. Generally a UE has only one set of receiver/transmitter, so the compressed mode is necessary for interfrequency/Inter-RAT measurement. The following table lists the correspondence between handover and compressed modes.

Table 1

Correspondence between handover and compressed modes

Softer handover Intra-frequency Inter-frequency Inter-RAT Y N N

Soft handover Y N N

Hard handover Y Y Y

Require compression or not N Y Y

The handover generally involves three steps: measurement, handover decision and handover implementation. The measurement is the prerequisite for handover, the handover decision is the core of handover and the handover implementation is the process of implementing the handover decision. This document primarily centers on these three steps to illustrate the algorithm, and contains the following contents. .Soft Handover and Softer Handover Intra-Frequency Hard Handover Inter-Frequency Hard Handover Inter-RAT Mobility Inter-RNC with IUR!Handover Inter-RNC Handover Without lur Interface Compressed Mode Adjacent Cell Priority Change of HS-DSCH Serving Cell Change of Serving Cell in E-DCH Active Set: Handover Based on Dedicated Downlink Transmit Power Handover Based on Dedicated Uplink Transmit Power (UE)

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Handover Control Feature Description

QoS-based Handover IMSI-based Handover Associated Channel Soft/Softer Handover of HSDPA Associated Channel Soft/Softer Handover of HSUPA Different Active Sets of E-DCH and DCH Handover Strategy Based on Service SRNS Relocation

2.1.1

Soft Handover and Softer Handover


In a soft handover, a UE maintains several radio links with different NodeBs, while in a softer handover, a UE concurrently maintains radio link with several cells in a NodeB, and these several cells are also known as macro diversity. The soft/softer handover can only occur in intra-frequency cells. Compared with the hard handover, the soft/softer handover features are as follows: The soft and softer handovers are seamless handovers and no service will be interrupted during handover. Macro diversity gain: When a UE maintains radio links with several cells, the receiver may enhance the accuracy of data receiving and link receiving quality and lower the transmit power of all links by combining the signal receiving results of several links. The best cell where UE is registered may establish a radio connection with the UE in time so as to lower the transmit power of UE.

In view of the above features, the soft and softer handovers will be taken in intrafrequency handover in general.

2.1.2

Intra-Frequency Hard Handover


Hard handover is a typical handover mechanism in which a UE needs to disconnect the link with the original cellbefore setting up a link (synchronization) with the new cell (that is, new and original links do not co-exist in UE). The intra-frequency hard handover is only adopted when soft/softer handover is unavailable. The scenarios where soft/softer handover is unavailable (intra-frequency hard handover must be adopted) in the case of intra-frequency handover include: UE uses transmit diversity in active set cell in case of intra-frequency handover, but the target cell does not support transmit diversity.

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Handover Control Feature Description

Intra-frequency measurement report excludes the OFF and TM of the target cell. lur interface between RNCs is unavailable in the case of intra-frequency handover. UE uses multi-user detection in the active set cell, but the target cell does not support multi-user detection. Types of target and source cells are different define R99,R5+R99, R6+R5+R99

belong to the same cell type and R5,R6+R5 belong to another cell type!, for example, the UE hands over from a DCH-capable cell to an HSPA-capable cell. The transmission delay TimeDelay reported during intra-frequency handover for the NodeB where the neighboring cell of the current RNC resides is inconsistent with the transmission delay of the cells in the current active set, or the transmission delay ATimeDelay reported during intra-frequency handover for the neighboring cell that is a DRNC cell is inconsistent with the transmission delay of the cells in the current active set (For a cell of the DRNC whose transmission delay is not configured, the transmission delay of this cell shall be the transmission delay of a cell in macro diversity).

2.1.3

Inter-Frequency Hard Handover


Inter-frequency hard handover means a UE in connecting state hands over from a cell on a frequency of UTRAN to another cell on another frequency. The factors triggering inter-frequency hard handover include radio quality, load, and moving speed of UE. Inter-frequency hard handover triggered by radio quality: Initiate inter-frequency measurement when the quality of frequency where UE is currently located worsens, and handover UE to the frequency with better quality based on inter-frequency measurement results. The quality of the carrier frequency where the UE is currently located is measured through the following four standards (For details, see "InterFrequency Handover Strategy#): PCPICH quality of cell in current serving carrier frequency. Uplink Block Error Rate (BLER) of the Dedicated CHannel (DCH). Uplink transmit power of DCH. Downlink transmit power of DCH.

Inter-frequency hard handover triggered by cell load: When the load of cell on current frequency is too heavy, the system switches partial services of this cell to an adjacent cell on another frequency.

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Handover Control Feature Description

Inter-frequency hard handover triggered by moving speed of UE: It is mainly used on the HCS network. UEs with quick moving speed are carried in macro cells and those with slow moving speed in micro cells so as to realize appropriate traffic distribution in cells, make full use of system resources and enhance system performance. For non-double-receiver terminals in WCDMA, the compressed mode must be initiated for inter-frequency measurement. The initiation of compressed mode has some impact on the performance of both system and UE,.Therefore, compressed mode must be initiated only when necessary (for example, when the quality of current serving carrier frequency worsens).

2.1.4

Inter-RAT Mobility
Inter-RAT mobility refers to the mobility management conducted when a UE switches from one UMTS to another one. Here it only applies to the mobility management for UE to switch from UTRAN to GERAN (the mobility management from GERAN to UTRAN belongs to the strategy of GERAN). This function requires UE to support both WCDMA and GSM, Moreover, the GSM also needs to offer related functions to support Inter-RAT handover. The functions required by WCDMA are described below. WCDMA-to-GSM handover supports the following services: Conversational services Videophone service fallback to ordinary voice service. (3GPP R6) PS transferred to GPRS/GERAN

For WCDMA-to-GSM handover involving CS and PS RAB combination, the system first switches CS service to GERAN first, and then RNC releases the PS on lu interface upon receiving the context request message from CN.The UE activates the PS service on GERAN upon the release of CS service. In WCDMA: UTRAN-to-GERAN mobility of CS service in connected mode is implemented through CS service handover procedure UTRAN-to-GERAN mobility of PS service in CELL_DCH state is implemented through cell reselection procedure (PS service handover) triggered on the network side UTRAN-to-GERAN mobility of PS service in CELL_FACH /URA_PCH state is implemented through cell reselection procedure triggered by UE Load-based UTRAN-to-GERAN handover of PS service in CELL_FACH state is implemented through cell reselection procedure triggered on the network side

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Handover Control Feature Description

Inter-system mobility in connected mode must be accompanied by inter-system relocation

The factors triggering Inter-RAT handover include radio quality and cell load. Inter-RAT handover triggered by radio quality: Initiate Inter-RAT measurement when quality of the frequency where the UE is currently located worsens and inter-frequency measurement initiation conditions cannot be met or the quality of other frequencys is also poor, and then handovers UE to the cell of GERAN based on Inter-RAT measurement results. The quality of frequency where UE is currently located is measured through the following four standards (For details, see "Inter-RAT Handover Strategy#): PCPICH quality of cell in current serving carrier frequency. Uplink Block Error Rate (BLER) of the Dedicated CHannel (DCH). Uplink transmit power of DCH. Downlink transmit power of DCH.

Inter-RAT handover triggered by cell load: When the load of cell in current UTRAN system is too heavy, the system switches partial services of this cell to an adjacent cell in GERAN. For non-double-receiver terminals in WCDMA, the compressed mode must be initiated for Inter-RAT measurement. Initiation of compressed mode has some impact on the performance of both system and UE.Therefore, compressed mode must be initiated only when necessary (for example, when the quality of current serving carrier frequency worsens).

2.1.5

Inter-RNC(with IUR) Handover


This feature provides inter-RNC handover management in the presence of lur interface. The inter-RNC(with iur) handover is basically identical with intra-RNC handover strategy except that the handover may involve SRNC relocation. For hard handover(with iur), the lur interface relocation must be involved; for soft handover(with iur), the SRNC relocation is only triggered when there is no link on SRNC side.

2.1.6

Inter-RNC Handover Without lur Interface


This feature provides inter-RNC handover management in the absence of lur interface. The inter-RNC handover without lur interface is implemented through inter-CN relocation. If neighboring RNC does not support HSDPA relocation or vendor expect to adopt DSCR for inter-RNC handover, it introducts the 4th bit of parameter RncFeatSwitch to control whether DSCR will be used in inter-RNC handover . Bit4"0 means DSCR is not used for inter-RNC handover of HSPA service, Bit4=1 means DSCR is used for interRNC handover of HSPA service on condition that current service use HSDSCH/DCH or HSDSCH/EDCH channel and is not include AMR.

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Handover Control Feature Description

2.1.7

Compressed Mode
For non-double-receiver terminals in WCDMA, the compressed mode must be initiated for Inter-RAT/inter-frequency measurement. The use of compressed mode means some timeslots are specially used for inter-frequency/Inter-RAT measurement instead of data transmission during transmitting and receiving.

2.1.8

Adjacent Cell Priority


The system offers two types of cell priority policies as follows: Firstly, adjacent cells can be configured based on their states (StateMode, and GsmStateMode).Therefore, adjacent cell list used for reselection in non-dedicated mode and that used for handover in dedicated mode can be separately configured. A UE in non-dedicated mode only receives the adjacent cell information of one cell, while a UE in dedicated mode receives the union of adjacent cell list of multiple cells in macro diversity. But a UE can only receive a maximum of 32 intra-frequency adjacent cells, inter-frequency adjacent cells and Inter-RAT adjacent cells respectively. Therefore, more adjacent cells may be configured for UE in non-dedicated mode. Secondly, adjacent cells are set with different priorities (MeasPrio (utranRelation/ gsmRelation)) in RNC to facilitate RNC to adjust adjacent cell list when the number of adjacent cells in active set is over 32. The priority of each cell in the adjacent cell list is determined based on the network planning and optimization progress. The priority helps RNC select better monitored set for UE to facilitate the improvement of measurement and handover performance of UE.

2.1.9

Change of HS-DSCH Serving Cell


The HS-PDSCH has only one serving cell. If the best cell changes (1D event triggering) in the presence of HS-PDSCH, the change of HS-PDSCH serving cell is triggered during intra-system soft handover. If there exists an HS-PDSCH before and after hard handover, the HS-PDSCH serving cell must change.

2.1.10

Change of Serving Cell in E-DCH Active Set


The E-DCH has only one serving cell, so if the best cell changes (1D event triggering) in the presence of E-DCH, the change of E-DCH serving cell is triggered during intrasystem soft handover. If there exists an E-DCH before and after hard handover, the EDCH serving cell must change.

2.1.11

Handover Based on Dedicated Downlink Transmit Power


This feature enables handover based on the dedicated downlink transmit power, and applies to the following scenario: The signal of pilot frequency is acceptable, but the dedicated downlink transmit power has become very high, requiring UE handover to an inter-frequency or Inter-RAT adjacent cell.

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Handover Control Feature Description

2.1.12

Handover Based on Dedicated Uplink Transmit Power (UE)


This feature enables handover based on the dedicated uplink transmit power, and applies to the following scenario: The signal of pilot frequency is acceptable, but the dedicated uplink transmit power has become very high, requiring UE handover to an inter-frequency or Inter-RAT adjacent cell to avoid large interference on other users.

2.1.13

QoS-based Handover
This feature enables the handover based on the uplink BLER and applies to the following scenario: The signal of pilot frequency is acceptable, but the uplink of UE is very unacceptable due to uplink interference or other reasons. In the event of failure of outer loop power control, the UE needs to be handed off to an inter-frequency or InterRAT adjacent cell as quick as possible to avoid call drop.

2.1.14

IMSI-based Handover
Configure the scope of authorized cells based on the IMSI information on the network side. The IMSI information is resolved through the CommonID on lu interface during service setup or handover, and UE is not allowed to access or handover to unauthorized cells.

2.1.15

Associated Channel Soft/Softer Handover of HSDPA


The HSDPA service supports soft/softer handover of associated DPDCH/DPCCH, with the policy identical with that of common soft/softer handover.

2.1.16

Associated Channel Soft/Softer Handover of HSUPA


The HSUPA service supports soft/softer handover of associated DPDCH/DPCCH, with the policy identical with that of common soft/softer handover.

2.1.17

Different Active Sets of E-DCH and DCH


The feature enables E-DCH and DCH to have different active sets. The maximum number of links of E-DCH active set is MaxNumOfEdchAct, and that of DCH active set is MaxNumOfAct.

2.1.18

Handover Strategy Based on Service Type


This feature determines whether and when service can be handed over to GSM based on the service handover attribute in RAB assignment request message, and includes the following values: Handover to GSM should be performed: RAB must be handed over to GSM immediately. If there is any GSM adjacent cell in the cell where the UE is located

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Handover Control Feature Description

and inter-frequency measurement is not activated upon service setup or handover success, the Inter-RAT measurement must be activated immediately. Handover to GSM should not be performed: RAB is handed over to GSM forcedly when the UMTS is unable to carry it. RNC triggers Inter-RAT blind handover or activates Inter-RAT measurement only when the quality of the UMTS is poor. Handover to GSM shall not be performed: Service cannot be handed over to GSM. For such a type of service, RNC neither activates the Inter-RAT measurement, nor triggers the handover to GSM.

2.1.19

SRNS Relocation
If inter-RNC handover occurs and radio link does not exist in SRNC, or hard handover occurs, the system determines the delay in performing SRNC relocation based on the timer configured in OMCR(set separately based on CS and PS services: RtReDelayTimer, and NrtReDelayTimer). The DRNC changes its role into SRNC upon relocation, and assigns new RNTI to the UE through the UTRAN MOBILITY INFORMATION of radio interface. Therefore, the SRNS relocation can be categorized into relocation involving no UE (soft handover triggered) and relocation involving UE (hard handover triggered) based on UE relevance: The relocation involving no UE equals to the relocation triggered by soft handover. The interactive message (RELOCATION COMMIT) interacts through lur interface between SRNC and DRNC. SRNC sends SN and GTP of PDCP to DRNC through interactive message. There is no message interaction between SRNC and UE. Two types of messages (UTRAN Mobility Information/UTRAN Mobility Information Confirm) interact between DRNC and UE. The DRNC sends the PDCP SN received by the UE downlink.

The relocation involving UE equals to the relocation triggered by hard handover. The messages related to hard handover interact between SRNC and UE. The messages related to hard handover interact between DRNC and UE. There is no message interaction between SRNC and DRNC through lur interface.

When the CS and PS services coexist, the relocation is performed based on different domains. If handover conditions of either domain are met, different handovers will be performed in CS domain and PS domain respectly.

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Handover Control Feature Description

3
3.1

Compressed Mode Strategy


Introduction to Compressed Mode
For non-double-receiver terminals in WCDMA, the compressed mode must be initiated for Inter-RAT/inter-frequency measurement. The use of compressed mode means some timeslots are specially used for inter-frequency/Inter-RAT measurement instead of data transmission during transmitting and receiving. There are the following two ways to generate compressed mode frames: 1 Halving of Spreading Factor (SF) By halving the SF, the bandwidth can be increased so that some timeslots in one radio frame can be specially assigned for inter-frequency/Inter-RAT measurement and some can be specially assigned for data transmission. This transmission strategy is generally used in services which raise high requirements for delay and assurance of minimum data rate, for example, CS- and S-type PS data services. 2 Higher Layer Scheduling The higher layer scheduling is in nature a strategy in which the higher layer adjusts and controls the data transmission rate. Some timeslots in a radio frame can be specially assigned for inter-frequency/Inter-RAT measurement and some can be specially assigned for data transmission while the bandwidth remains unchanged. This strategy is generally used for non-realtime services with low requirements for delay, for example, I/B-type PS data services. After the compressed mode is initiated, the GAP used for transmitting/receiving (measurement) can be placed either within one radio frame or between two radio frames, as shown in Figure 1.
Transmission gap Radio frame

#0

#Nfirst-1

#Nlast+1

#14

(1) Single-frame method Transmission gap First radio frame Second radio frame

#0

#Nfirst-1

#N last+1

#14

(2) Double-frame method

Figure 1

Transmission Gap (TG) position

In the protocol, the Transmission Gap Length (TGL) can be set to 3, 4, 5, 7, 10 and 14 timeslots. The TG may start from any timeslot in a frame. When the TG spans two consecutive frames, each frame at least has 8 non-compressed timeslots.

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Handover Control Feature Description

Figure 2 shows the parameters involved in compressed mode. The Transmission Gap Pattern Sequence (TGPS) consists of consecutive TG patterns (TG pattern 1). One or two TGs are defined in TG pattern. The start timeslot No. of the first TG is determined by parameter TGSN. The number of timeslots between starting timeslots of two TGs in the TG pattern is determined by the parameter TGD. The first TGL is determined by parameter TGL1, and the second by parameter TGL2. If parameter TGD is not defined, it means there is only one TG in TG pattern. Length of a TG pattern is determined by parameter TGPL1.
#1 TG pattern 1 #2 TG pattern 1 #3 TG pattern 1 #4 TG pattern 1 #5 TG pattern 1 #TGPRC TG pattern 1

TG pattern 1

Transmission gap 1

Transmission gap 2

TGSN TGL1

TGL2 TGD

TGPL1

Figure 2

Parameters of compressed mode

3.2

Compressed Mode Strategy


If the compressed mode is required when the UE capability message indicates the FDD inter-frequency or Inter-RAT measurement, then the compressed mode is initiated upon the initiation of inter-frequency or Inter-RAT measurement. The compressed mode must be disabled in either of the following scenarios: 1) Delete inter-frequency measurement while keeping Inter-RAT measurement disabled. 2) Delete Inter-RAT measurement while keeping inter-frequency measurement disabled. As is described in the above section, the strategy of halving of SF does not affect the realtime rate of services, while that of higher layer scheduling reduces the realtime rate of services. For RT services, only the first strategy can be adopted to ensure delay and transmission rate; for NRT services, both the first and second strategies can be adopted because of their low requirements for delay and rate. For NRT services on ZTE network, the first strategy is adopted for uplink and the second for downlink. The above rules only apply to DCH/DCH. For HS-DSCH or E-DCH, only the higher layer schedule is supported, as stipulated in the protocol.

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Handover Control Feature Description

The compressed mode of all services on ZTE network adopts identical parameters as listed below:

Table 2

Parameters of compressed mode

GSM adjacent cell measurement TGSN TGL1 TGD TGPL1 4 (Slots) 7 (Slots) Not configured 8 (Frames)

FDD adjacent cell measurement 3 (Slots) 7 (Slots) Not configured 8 (Frames)

It can be seen from above parameters: When TGSN is 4 (GSM) or 3 (FDD), TGL1=7, all GAPs of compressed mode on ZTE network fall under the same radio frame (one radio frame in FDD has 15 slots), that is, the single frame mode is uniformly adopted. Note: For a great majority of commercial terminals (Qualcomm-chip terminals) in current market, the compressed mode cannot be initiated when services are carried on E-DCH.Moreover, the capability of whether UE should supports "Initiate compressed mode for services carried on E-DCH# is not specified in 3GPP. Therefore, when services are carried on E-DCH and compressed mode needs to be initiated, RNC first configure E-DCH to DCH (the reconfigured target rate is min( max(DRBC lowest of rate grades, GBR), MaxBR)) (For DRBC rate grades, see ZTE UMTS DRBC Algorithm Feature Description) before initiating the compressed mode. Figure 3 shows the procedure in which E-DCH falls back to DCH before the initiation of compressed mode.

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Handover Control Feature Description

Figure 3

Procedure for E-DCH fallback to DCH prior to initiation of compressed mode

(whether E-DCH falls back to DCH before initiation of compressed mode is controlled through the parameter HsupaCmAssoMode. If the parameter value is "Serial#, E-DCH needs to fall back to DCH before the initiation of compressed mode.If the parameter value is "Parallel#, the compressed mode is initiated directly.). For all commercial terminals in current market, the compressed mode can be initiated directly when services are carried on HS-DSCH. (whether HS-DSCH falls back to DCH before initiation of compressed mode is controlled through the parameter HsdpaCmAssoMode. If the parameter value is "Serial#, HS-DSCH needs to fall back to DCH before the initiation of compressed mode.If the parameter value is "Parallel#, the compressed mode is initiated directly.).

Intra-Frequency Handover Strategy


Intra-frequency handover refers to the handover performed between cells under the same frequency of UTRAN. The intra-frequency handover can be triggered based on Ec/N0 or RSCP measurement through the parameter IntraMeasQuan.Intra-frequency

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Handover Control Feature Description

handover is measurement-based handover. Intra-frequency measurement contains active set measurement, monitored set measurement and detected set measurement. The active set refers to the collection of cells retaining radio connection with UE. The monitored set refers to the collection of cells retaining no radio connection with UE but requiring measurement by sending the intra-frequency measurement control message to UE. The detected set refers to the collection of intra-frequency cells except cells in the active set and monitored set.

4.1

Intra-Frequency Measurement
When conducting intra-frequency measurement, the UE needs to implement layer 3 filter for the measurement results to avoid measurement fluctuation and then make event decision and report by using filtered values. The layer 3 filter formula is as follows:

Fn = (1 a) Fn 1 + a M n
Where, Fn-1 refers to the result of last filter. Fn refers to the result of current measurement filter. Mn refers to current measurement result. a = 1/2(k/2) refers to the filter coefficient calculated based on the filter factor K (FilterCoeff (Intra)).

4.1.1

Introduction to Intra-Frequency Measurement


Intra-frequency measurement refers to measurement performed for intra-frequency cells. It can adopt either period-based report or event-based report strategy, which is determined through the parameter SoftHoMth. The period-based report means the UE periodically reports the quality measurement result of intra-frequency cell PCPICH to the RNC and the RNC then judges whether intra-frequency events are met based on the measurement result. If so, it outputs intra-frequency events (including such information as event ID, and target cell). The event-based report means the UE judges whether intra-frequency events are met based on the quality measurement result of cell PCPICH.If so, it reports intrafrequency events (including such information as event ID, and target cell) to the RNC.

A series of intra-frequency measurement events are defined in 3GPP as the judgment and trigger criteria for intra-frequency handover.

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Handover Control Feature Description

Event 1A: A Primary CPICH enters the Reporting Range. It can be used for adding cell to the active set. Event 1B: A Primary CPICH leaves the Reporting Range. It can be used for deleting cell from the active set. Event 1C: A Non-active Primary CPICH becomes better than an active Primary CPICH. It can be used for replacing the cell with bad quality in the active set. Event 1D: The best cell changes. It can be used for soft/softer handover, intrafrequency hard handover and inter-frequency load balance.

4.1.2

Measurement Control Method Related to Active Set and Monitored set


Measurement Setup
Configure intra-frequency measurement parameters for UE and initiate intra-frequency measurement through measurement control setup message in the following cases: RRC connection is set up and enters CELL_DCH state. CELL_FACH -> CELL_DCH. Relocation to current RNC from other systems or RNCs.

4.1.2.1

Set up intra-frequency measurement again after intra-system hard handover (including intra- or inter-frequency hard handover).

4.1.2.2

Measurement Modification
If the intra-frequency measurement is enabled, the intra-frequency measurement modification is triggered in the following cases: The change of adjacent cell list may trigger the modification of intra-frequency measurement so as to modify adjacent cell parameters after soft handover. After the best cell changes (Event 1D), the change of intra-frequency measurement parameters will trigger the modification of intra-frequency measurement to update handover parameters. If a service is added or deleted, the change of intra-frequency measurement parameters will trigger the modification of intra-frequency measurement to update handover parameters.

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Handover Control Feature Description

4.1.2.3

Measurement Deletion
Upon receiving exceptional intra-frequency measurement report (for example, the measurement report belongs to non-existent measurement task), or making decision about the relocation triggered by soft handover, the RNC will voluntarily release corresponding intra-frequency measurement.

4.1.2.4

Parameter Configuration Strategies


Intra-frequency event parameter configuration: There are 7 intra-frequency measurement events (1A, 1B, 1C, 1D, 1E, 1F and 1J) in total. The specific number of events configured is based on the parameter MeasEvtNum (Intra), and the specific intra-frequency events configured are based on the parameter MeaEvtId (Intra). MeaEvtId is defined through array, and the dimensions of array equal to MeasEvtNum, which is 7 at most. Handover parameter configuration strategy in macro diversity: All measurement parameters are cell-based. In macro diversity, the measurement parameters configured in the best cell will be used as handover parameters. If the best cell changes, the measurement parameters need to be updated at the same time. For handover in inter-RNC, if there has SRNC cell in active set, the measurement parameters of the best cell in SRNC will be used as handover parameters, and if there is no SRNC cell in activeset, the measurement parameters of the last SRNC cell in active set will be used as handover parameters. Configuration of several sets of handover parameters: The intra-frequency handover parameters can be separately configured based on measurement quantity, measurement report mode and service bearer type. In this way, several sets of measurement parameters are necessitated for different purposes: The specific categories are as follows: Measurement quantity. IntraMeasQuan (PCPICH Ec/N0 or RSCP)

Measurement report mode SoftHoMth (Period- or event-based report) (TrfCategory(CIntra))

Service bearer type

Single RT RAB Including Voice on DL DCH/UL DCH Single RT RAB Excluding Voice on DL DCH/UL DCH Single NRT on DL DCH/UL DCH Single RAB on DL HS-DSCH/UL DCH

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Handover Control Feature Description

Single RAB on DL HS-DSCH/UL E-DCH All Multi-RAB on DL DCH/UL DCH Multi-RAB, HSPA is Involved and only DCHs are Used in UL Multi-RAB, HSPA is Involved and E-DCH is Used in UL Not Related to Service Type (Used for detected set measurement)

To facilitate parameter modification and optimization, the intra-frequency parameters are index-organized, with the index quotations listed as follows:

Figure 4

Intra-frequency handover index quotations

Before obtaining intra-frequency handover parameters, first find the "Service TypeRelated Intra-frequency Measurement Parameter Index (TrfCatIntraMIdx)#, "UTRAN Intra-frequency Radio Quality Measurement Quantity (IntraMeasQuan)#, and "Soft Handover Algorithm Selection (SoftHoMth)# from Utran Cell (utranCell) configuration items; then find the "Intra-Frequency Measurement Configuration No. (IntraMeasCfgNo)# from the UE Intra-frequence Measurement Relative to Traffic Category Configuration Information (CIntra) configuration items based on TrfCatIntraMIdx, "Traffic Category (TrfCategory)", "Measurement Purpose (PrdMeasEcNo, EvtMeasEcNo, PrdMeasEcNo, and PrdMeasRSCP)#; finally, find corresponding handover measurement parameters from UE Intra-frequency Measurement Configuration (Intra) configuration items based on the "Intra-Frequency Measurement Configuration No. (IntraMeasCfgNo)#. Note: Each IntraMeasCfgNo corresponds to one measurement purpose, indicated with the parameter IntraMeasCfgNote.

The correspondence between other parameters that need to be filled in intrafrequency measurement control message and OMCR configuration is described as follows: Measurement report transmission mode CPICH Ec/No report indication of intra-frequency measurement cell (MeasRptTrMod) (EcN0RptInd)

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Handover Control Feature Description

CPICH RSCP report indication of intra-frequency measurement cell Path loss report indication of intra-frequency measurement cell Whether to read SFN indication of target cell Forbidden Cell Indicator for Event 1A/1B Measurement quantity. Measurement report mode

(RscpRptInd) (RscpRptInd) (ReadSFNInd) (FbdCellInd) (MeasQuantity(Intra) ) (RptCrt(Intra))

Note: The parameters MeasQuantity(Intra) and RptCrt(Intra) are automatically filled by the system based on IntraMeasCfgNote. For cells of neighbor RNC # if the value of Primary CPICH Power Configuration Tag(PcpichPwrPre(externalUtranCell))is TURE,then the cell info of intra-freq measurement should include the Primary CPICH Power for this cell. Otherwise the cell info of intra-freq measurement shall not include the Primary CPICH Power for this cell.

4.1.3

Handling of Over 32 Adjacent Cells


When there are many cells in an active set, the number of intra-frequency adjacent cells in the active set may exceed 32, the maximum number of adjacent cells as stipulated in the protocol. In that case, some intra-frequency adjacent cells must be deleted to ensure there are only 32 adjacent cells in the active set. Having minimal impact on users in the active set, these dropped cells are those with poorest signal quality or remotest geographical location. Therefore, each intra-frequency adjacent cell is configured with a priority level.

4.1.3.1

Cell Priority Configuration


The OMCR configuration parameter MeasPrio(utranRelation) is used to define the priority of adjacent cells and includes three values (0: High priority; 1: Medium priority; 2: Low priority). The specific value of MeasPrio(utranRelation) must be set by the network planning engineer based on existing network situation (for example, adjacent cell quality and geographical location of adjacent cell). Figure 5 shows the cell priority configuration based on the geographical location of adjacent cells. Take the configuration of cells adjacent to the innermost gray cell as an example: there are three layers of adjacent cells surrounding the gray cell, and they are differentiated from one another with yellow (0: Top priority), blue (1: Medium priority) and red (2: Low priority).

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Handover Control Feature Description

Figure 5

Cell priority configuration

4.1.3.2

Strategy for adjacent cells exceeding 32


As stipulated in the protocol, the maximum number of adjacent cells is 32 (including source cell). When the UE is in the macro diversity state, the total number of intrafrequency adjacent cells in the macro diversity may be in excess of 32, so some strategies are required to control the number within 32, including: Priority combination strategy

If a cell is adjacent to several cells in the active set, that is, the priority levels configured for this cell may vary, then combine the priority levels of this cell and taking the highest priority as the priority of the cell. Sorting strategy

If the total number of adjacent cells in the active set is 32, the system prioritizes them in descending order of priority and places the cells in excess of 32 in adjacent cell reserve list which can buffer at most 64 truncated intra-frequency cells. The priority levels of adjacent cells in intra-frequency adjacent cell list will be updated whenever Event 1A/1B/1C/1D is triggered. If Event 1B is triggered and the number of adjacent cells is less than 32, the system selects cells from reserve list in descending order of priority and places them in the intra-frequency adjacent cell list. The number of cells that can be selected: min (32 $ Number of existing cells in intra-frequency adjacent cell list, Number of cells in reserve list).

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Handover Control Feature Description

4.2

Handling Mechanism for Period-based Report of Intra-Frequency Handover Measurement


The period-based report means the UE periodically reports the intra-frequency measurement result based on the periodical report interval (PrdRptInterval (R7Intra) and the amount of periodical reports (PrdRptAmount (R7Intra)) configured by RNC. The RNC judges intra-frequency handover events in accordance with the intra-frequency event rule defined in protocol by referring to the cell quality periodically reported by UE. If several decision conditions are concurrently met, the RNC will handle events in the sequence of 1D, 1A, 1C and 1B. Long interval set in the period-based report mode may result in call drop due to handover delay. Therefore, it is recommended to set the interval to a small value. But setting a short interval will increase the signaling load of radio interface and easily lead to signaling congestion, so the event-based report is generally preferred.

4.3
4.3.1

Intra-Frequency Handover Decision


Event 1A-Triggered Handover
Event 1A means the quality of certain cell outside the active set ameliorates. Upon receiving Event 1A, the RNC adds corresponding target cell into the active set to enhance the gain of macro diversity. When the cell meets the conditions in the following formula, the UE reports Event 1A to the RNC. NA 10 LogM New + CIO New W 10 Log Mi + (1 W) 10 LogM Best (R 1a H1a /2) i=1 The meanings of all parameters are described as follows: R1a: Refers to the reporting range of Event 1A. It is used to control the extent of difficulty in adding a cell into the active set (RptRange [MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT]). H1a: Refers to the reporting hysteresis of Event 1A. It is used to control the extent of difficulty in adding a cell into the active set (Hysteresis[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT] (Intra)). MNew: Refers to measurement of the to-be-evaluated cell outside the active set. CIONew: Refers to offset of cell outside active set in relation to other cells (CellIndivOffset (utranRelation)). Mi: Refers to the mean measurement value of other cells except the best cell in active set. NA: Refers to the number of other cells except the best cell in active set. MBest: Refers to the measurement of the best cell in the active set.

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Handover Control Feature Description

W: Refers to the weight proportion (W[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT]) of the best cell to the rest cells in the active set in evaluation standards. As can be calculated from the above formula, you can increase the probability of triggering Event 1A by either increasing R1a (Event 1A meets the reporting range conditions) or decreasing H1a (Decision hysteresis range.Otherwise, you can reduce the probability of triggering Event 1A. Event 1A supports period-based report, that is, once Event 1A meets the reporting range of quality standards, the UE will report Event 1A periodically (EvtRptInterval[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT]) until this event does not meet reporting conditions or the reporting times reach the maximum allowed times (EvtRptAmount[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT]). There is restriction on the number of radio links in active set, so Event 1A will not be reported once the number of cells in the active set reaches certain threshold (RptDeactThr[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT]).

4.3.2

Event 1B-Triggered Handover


Event 1B indicates the quality deterioration of certain cell in the active set. Upon receiving the Event 1B, the RNC may delete the cell from the active set. When the cell meets the conditions in the following formula, the UE reports Event 1B to the RNC.
NA 10 LogM Old + CIO Old W 10 Log Mi + (1 W) 10 LogM Best (R 1b + H1b /2) i=1

R1b: Refers to the reporting range of Event 1B. It is used to control the extent of difficulty in dropping a cell from the active set (RptRange [MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT]). H1b Refers to the reporting hysteresis of Event 1B. It is used to control the extent of difficulty in dropping a cell from the active set (Hysteresis[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT] (Intra)). MOld: Refers to measurement of the to-be-evaluated cell in the active set. CIOOld: Refers to offset of cell in active set in relation to other cells (CellIndivOffset (utranCell)). Mi: Refers to the mean measurement value of other cells except the best cell in active set. NA: Refers to the number of other cells except the best cell in active set. MBest: Refers to the measurement of the best cell in the active set. W: Refers to the weight proportion (W[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT]) of the best cell to the rest cells in the active set in evaluation standards. As can be calculated from the above formula, you can decrease the probability of triggering Event 1B by either increasing R1b (Event 1B meets the reporting range

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Handover Control Feature Description

conditions) or decreasing H1b (Decision hysteresis range). Otherwise, you can increase the probability of triggering Event 1B.

4.3.3

Event 1C-Triggered Handover


Event 1C indicates the quality of a cell in non-active set is better than that of a cell in certain active set. Upon receiving Event 1C, the RNC may replace the cell in the active set with a cell in non-active set to obtain better gain of macro diversity. When the cell meets the conditions in the following formula, the UE reports Event 1C to the RNC.

10 LogM New + CIO New 10 LogM InAS + CIO InAS + H1c /2


H1c Refers to the reporting hysteresis of Event 1C. It is used to control the extent of difficulty in replacing a cell in the active set (Hysteresis[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT] (Intra)). MNew: Refers to measurement of the to-be-evaluated cell outside the active set. MInAS: Refers to the cell with poorest quality in the active set. CIONew: Refers to offset of the to-be-evaluated cell outside the active set in relation to other cells (CellIndivOffset (utranRelation)). CIOInAS: Refers to offset of cell with poorest quality in active set in relation to other cells (CellIndivOffset (utranCell)). As can be calculated from the above formula, you can decrease the probability of triggering Event 1C by increasing H1c (decision hysteresis range); otherwise, you can increase the probability of triggering Event 1C. Event 1C supports period-based report, that is, once Event 1C meets the reporting range of quality standards, the UE will report Event 1C periodically (EvtRptInterval[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT]) until this event does not meet reporting conditions or the reporting times reach the maximum allowed times (EvtRptAmount[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT]). To ensure the gain of macro diversity, the report of Event 1C is only allowed when the number of cells in the active set reaches certain threshold (EvtRptAmount[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT]).

4.3.4

Event 1D-Triggered Handover


Event 1D indicates the quality of certain cell within or outside current active set is better than the best cell in current active set, that is, the best cell changes in the active set. The following can be triggered upon the receipt of Event 1D: Add a cell into the active set (the cell outside the active set reports Event 1D and the number of links in the active set does not reach the maximum). Replace the cell with bad quality in active set (the cell outside the active set reports Event 1D but the number of links in the active set reaches the maximum).

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Handover Control Feature Description

The serving cell changes (for HS-DSCH/E-DCH).

When the cell meets the conditions in the following formula, the UE reports Event 1D to the RNC.

10 LogMNotBest + CIO NotBest 10 LogMBest + CIO Best + H1d /2


MNotBest: Refers to the measurement of the to-be-evaluated cell within or outside the active set. CIONotBest: Refers to the offset of the to-be-evaluated cell within the active set (CellIndivOffset (utranCell)) or outside the active set (CellIndivOffset (utranRelation)) in relation to other cells. CIOBest: Refers to offset of the to-be-evaluated cell in the active set in relation to other cells (CellIndivOffset (utranCell)). MBest: Refers to the measurement of the to-be-evaluated cell in the active set. H1d: Refers to Event 1D report hysteresis (Hysteresis[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT] (Intra)). As can be calculated from the above formula, you can decrease the probability of triggering Event 1D by increasing H1d (decision hysteresis range); otherwise, you can increase the probability of triggering Event 1D.

4.3.5

Time-To-Trigger Mechanism Used to Control Event Report


If a to-be-evaluated cell meets the reporting range or threshold of certain event, the condition must be met within a period of time (TrigTime[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT] (Intra)) before the reporting of this event to avoid intra-frequency event misreport due to the fluctuation of radio quality. Take Event 1A as an example, suppose a cell meets the reporting range, the UE only reports Event 1A only if the cell quality meets this reporting range condition within TrigTime[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT] (Intra), as shown in Figure 6.

Measurement quantity

P CPICH 1

RptRange [MAX_INTRA_ MEAS_EVENT]

P CPICH 2

P CPICH 3

TrigTime[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT]

Reporting event 1A

Time

Figure 6

Time-To-Trigger mechanism

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Handover Control Feature Description

4.3.6

Handling of Intra-Frequency Events


Handling of Event 1A Add links to the active set if the number of links in the DCH active set is less than MaxNumOfAct. Do not handle Event 1A if the total number of links in the active set reaches the maximum. If a link to be added to the active set is rejected in Event 1A, the handover punishment timer (5s) is initiated so that the Event 1A reported by this rejected cell will not be handled until the timer times up. If the cell reporting Event 1A is the target cell traced by the detected set, no link will be added to the active set. For details, see Detected set Tracing. If the measurement report contains several target cells, the cell with best quality (Ec/N0) will be selected as the target cell to be added in the active set.

Handling of Event 1B Delete the link of related cell based on Event 1B reported by UE. If the measurement report contains several target cells, the cell with worst quality (Ec/N0) will be selected as the target cell to be deleted from the active set.

Handling of Event 1C Replace the cell if the radio links in active set are equal MaxNumOfAct . If a link to be added to the active set is rejected in Event 1C, the handover punishment timer is initiated so that the Event 1C reported by this rejected cell will not be handled until the timer times up.

Handling of Event 1D The cell triggering Event 1D is an intra-frequency adjacent cell outside the active set. if the criterion mentioned in "2.1.2 Intra-Frequency Hard Handover# is fulfilled, RNC will perform intra-frequency hard handover. The cell triggering Event 1D is an intra-frequency adjacent cell outside the active set. If the DCH active set is full, turn to Event 1C handling. If the DCH active set is not full, turn to Event 1A handling. And if event 1A or 1C is failure due to admission control failure, RNC will perforem intra-frequency hard handover. If the cell triggering Event 1D is within the active set, change the best cell in the active set.

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Handover Control Feature Description

4.3.7

Detected set Handover


The detected set handover is controlled through the parameter DetSetHoSwch. If the detected set handover is enabled, and the number of adjacent cells are exceeding 32 , the RNC needs to instruct the UE to report the measurement report of detected set in the measurement control. If the target cell in the detected set event reported by UE is a cell in the adjacent cell reserve list as described in 4.1.3.2 Cell Dropping Strategy for Over 32 Adjacent Cells, then the RNC handles the cell in the detected set in the same way as it does in the monitored set, that is, to make decision about handover.

4.3.7.1

Related Measurement Procedure of Detected set Handover


(1) If the detected set handover (DetSetHoSwch) of the best cell is enabled and there are over 32 adjacent cells, the detected set measurement will be initiated. Initiation strategy: Change "1A Triggering condition 2# into "Detected set cells and monitored set cells#, and "Reporting cell status# into "Report all active set cells + cells within monitored set and/or detected set on used frequency#. That is, perform measurement report of active set, monitored set and detected set concurrently by sharing the same set of handover measurement parameters. (2) If the detected set handover (DetSetHoSwch) of the best cell is disabled or there are less 32 adjacent cells, then change "1A Triggering condition # into "Monitored set cells# and "Reporting cell status# into "Report cells within active set and/or monitored set cells on used frequency#. That is, to only report the monitored set instead of detected set.

4.3.7.2

Related Parameter Configurations


The RNC only performs handover for the detected set measurement reported by the adjacent cells exceeding 32. The handling of the measurement report triggered by these cells is actually consistent with that triggered by the monitored set. Therefore, the detected set and monitored set share the same set of measurement configurations.

4.3.8

Detected Set Tracing


The detected set tracing is used in network planning and optimization to judge whether there is any adjacent cell not configured based on the statistical report. The purpose of detected set tracing measurement differs from that of handover measurement, so the measurement parameters used for detected set tracing are separately configured in OMCR (The parameters of detected set tracing is irrelevant to service type, which means all sorts of service will be indexed by "Not Related to Service Type # in service type(TrfCategory)), with parameter index as follows:

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Handover Control Feature Description

Figure 7

Intra-frequency handover index quotations

Before obtaining intra-frequency handover parameters, first find the "Service TypeRelated Intra-frequency Measurement Parameter Index (TrfCatIntraMIdx)#, "UTRAN Intra-frequency Radio Quality Measurement Quantity (IntraMeasQuan)#, and "Soft Handover Algorithm Selection (SoftHoMth)# from Utran Cell (utranCell) configuration items; then find the "Intra-Frequency Measurement Configuration No. (IntraMeasCfgNo)# from the UE Intra-frequency Measurement Relative to Traffic Category Configuration Information (CIntra) configuration items based on TrfCatIntraMIdx, "Traffic Category (TrfCategory)", "Measurement Purpose (EvtMeasDctEcNo, and EvtMeasDctRSCP)#; finally, find corresponding handover measurement parameters from UE Intra-frequency Measurement Configuration (Intra) configuration items based on the "Intra-Frequency Measurement Configuration No. (IntraMeasCfgNo)#. Note: Each IntraMeasCfgNo corresponds to one measurement purpose, indicated with the parameter IntraMeasCfgNote.

4.3.8.1

Measurement Procedure of Detected Set Tracing


(1)The measurement of detected set tracing is controlled through the detected set tracing task in the performance measurement of OMCR. The detected set measurement is started after the detected set tracing task is created and initiated. When configuring the measurement control, set "Triggering condition 2# to "Detected set cells#, and "Reporting cell status# to "Report cells within detected set on used frequency#. (2)The measurement parameters of detected set are indexed to the cell, and the parameters of the best cell will be chosen in macro diversity state. If the parameters of the best cell are different from those used by the UE, the measurement information needs to be modified through the measurement control message. (3)After the detected set tracing task stops, disable detected set tracing and release related measurement task.

4.3.9

Processing of the Rx-Tx time difference of a UE in macro diversity


When a UE is in macro diversity, the uplink transmitting time of the UE is not adjusted. The initial downlink channels can be correctly demodulated, but the downlink receiving time will change along with the moving of the UE or with the drifting of the clock between Node Bs. Therefore, the downlink receiving time may fall outside the time window of the UE transmitting time T0 % 148 chips, and consequently the UE cannot correctly demodulate one or multiple downlink channels, causing the degradation of the UE downlink quality or even call drop. For this reason, the 3GPP protocols have defined the UE internal measurement events 6F and 6G for UE Rx-Tx time difference measurement:

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Handover Control Feature Description

6F event: The UE Rx-Tx time difference for a link in the active set is greater than an absolute threshold. 6G event: The UE Rx-Tx time difference for a link in the active set is less than an absolute threshold.

The RlRefTimeAjtSwit parameter controls the policy of the UE Rx-Tx time difference in macro diversity. If the switch is on, the RNC removes the corresponding link from macro diversity when the UE reports the 6F or 6G event (indicating that the downlink receiving time already falls outside the UE transmitting time window). If the switch is off, the function is disabled.

4.3.9.1

Related Measurement Procedure


1!When the radiolink reference time adjust switch of the best cell (RlRefTimeAjtSwit) is on and the number of links in macro diversity changes from one to multiple, 6F/6G measurement parameters will be issued to the UE. 2!The internal measurement parameters (6F/6G) of the UE are configured per cell according to the index. The measurement parameters configured for the UE are subject to the parameters of the best cell. For a UE in macro diversity and on which the internal measurement (6F/6F) function is enabled, if the 6F/6G event parameters of the best cell are different from the parameters issued to the UE, the parameter configuration of the UE will be modified through measurement control. 3!When the number of links in macro diversity changes from multiple to one and the internal measurement function (6F/6G) is enabled on the UE, the release of internal measurement will be triggered on the UE.

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Handover Control Feature Description

4.4
4.4.1

Intra-Frequency Handover Procedure


Intra-RNC Soft Handover (Add a Radio Link)
UE Node B Drift RNS Drift RNC Serving RNC

Decision to setup new RL 1. Radio Li nk Setup Request

RNSAP 2. Radio Link Setup Request

RNSAP

NBAP Start RX description NBAP

NBAP

3. Radio Link Setup Response

NBAP RNSAP 4. Radio Link Setup Response RN SAP

5. ALCAP Iub Bearer Setup 6. Radio Link Restore Indication

ALCAP Iur Bearer Setup

NBAP

NBAP RNSAP 7. Radio Link Restore Indication RNSAP DCH - FP

8. Downlink Synchronisation DCH - FP DCH - FP 9. Uplink Synchronisation

DCH - FP

Start TX description 10. DCCH : Active Set Update RRC [Radio Link Addition] 11. DCCH : Active Set Update Complete RRC RRC RRC

Figure 8

Intra-RNC soft handover (Add a radio link)

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Handover Control Feature Description

4.4.2

Intra-RNC Soft Handover (Delete a Radio Link)


UE Node B D rift R N S D rift RN C Se rvin g RNC

D ecisio n to d elete o ld RL

1 . D C CH : A ctiv e Set U p d ate RRC [R a d io L in k D ele tio n ] 2 . D CC H : A c tiv e S et U p d ate C o m p lete RRC R RC 3 . R ad io Link D eletio n R eq ue st RNSAP R RC

RNSAP N BAP 4 . R ad io L in k D eletio n Re q uest N BAP

S to p R X an d T X 5 . R ad io L in k D ele tio n R esp o nse

NBAP

NBAP RNSAP 6 . R ad io L in k D eletio n R esp o n se R N SA P

7 . A L CA P Iub B earer Release

A L C A P Iur B earer R elease

Figure 9

Intra-RNC soft handover (Delete a radio link)

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Handover Control Feature Description

4.4.3

Intra-RNC Soft Handover (Swap a Radio Link)


UE N od e B D rift R N S N o de B S erv ing R N S D rift RN C S erving RN C

D e cision to se tup ne w R L a nd re le ase old R L

R N SA P NB A P Sta rt R X des cription NB A P 3 . R a dio L ink S etup R e sponse N BA P R N SA P 2. R a dio Link Se tup R e que st N BA P

1. R ad io Link Se tup R e que st

R N S AP

4. R adio L ink Se tup R e spo nse

R N SA P

5. A L C A P Iub D a ta T ra nsport B ea rer Se tup NB A P 6. R ad io Link R e store Indic a tion N B AP R N SA P D C H -F P DC H -FP 8. Do wnlink S ync hronisa tion 9. U plink S ync hro nisation

AL C A P Iur B ea rer Se tup

7. R a dio L ink R es tore Indic ation

R N S AP

D C H -FP D C H -F P

S ta rt T X des cription 10. D C C H : Ac tive Se t U p date C om m and R RC [R ad io Lin k A ddition & De le tio n] 11. D C C H : A ctive Se t Up date C om plete R RC

R RC

R RC

N BA P

12. R ad io Link D eletion R e que st

N BA P

S top R X a nd T X 13. R a dio L ink R elea se R e spo nse

N BA P

N BA P

14. AL C A P Iub Da ta T ranspo rt B ea rer R e le ase

Figure 10 Intra-RNC soft handover (Swap a radio link)

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Handover Control Feature Description

4.4.4

Intra-RNC Hard handover

Figure 11 Intra-RNC hard handover procedure

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Handover Control Feature Description

4.4.5

Inter-RNC Hard Handover Through lur Interface


UE Node B Source Node B Targ et RNC Sou rce RNC targ et SRNC

RNSAP

1 . Radio Lin k Setup Reque st

RNSAP

NBAP

2 . Radi o Link Setup Reque st

NBAP

NBAP

3. Radio Link Setup Respo nse

NBAP

4. ALCAP Iub Data Tr ansport Bearer Set up 5. RL Se tup Re sp onse

RNSAP

RNSAP

6. ALCAP Iu r Dat a Tr anspo rt Bear er Setu p 7 . DCCH : Physical Ch annel Re co nf igur atio n RRC NBAP 8 . Radio Link Failur e Indicatio n NBAP RNSAP 9. Radio Link Failu re Indic ation RNSAP RRC

NBAP

1 0. Radio Link Re stor e Indicatio n

NBAP 1 1. RL Restore In dicatio n

RNSAP 1 2. DCCH : Physical Chann el Reconfiguration Complete RRC RNS AP

RNSAP

RRC 13. Radio Lin k De le tion Request RNSAP

NBAP

1 4. Radio Link Deletion Re quest

NBAP

NBAP

1 5. Rad io Link Deletion Resp on se

NBAP

16. ALCAP Iub D ata Tran spor t Bearer Release

RNSAP

17 . Radio Link Deletion Resp onse

RNSAP

18 . ALCAP Iu r Dat a Transp ort Bearer Release

Figure 12 Inter-RNC hard handover through lur interface

If the cells belong to different RNCs are adjacent and lur interface is available, the SRNC performs inter-RNC hard handoff. The SRNC relocation is triggered after hard handover.

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Handover Control Feature Description

4.4.6

Inter-RNC Hard Handover Without lur Interface


UE N o de B So urce N o de B Ta rget RNC S ou rce RNC Targ et M S C/S G S N SG S N/M S C

R A N AP RA N A P

1. Relo catio n R eq uired 2 . R eloca tion R equired

R AN A P R AN A P

R A N AP R A N AP

3. R elo cation Re quest R AN A P 4. R eloc atio n R eq uest RA N A P

5 . A LC A P Iu D ata Tra nspo rt B earer S etup N B AP 6. R ad io L in k Se tu p R eq uest 7 . R ad io Link Setup R espo nse NB A P

NBAP

NB A P

8. A L CA P Iub D ata T ransp ort B eare r Se tup 9 . R eloca tio n R equ est A ckn ow led ge R AN A P 10. R elo cation Re quest A ckno w ledg e

R A N AP

RA N A P 1 1. Re lo cation Co m m and

R AN A P

R AN A P

R A N AP

R A NA P RR C 13 . D C C H : Ph ysica l Ch annel R eco nfig uratio n N ote 1 RR C NBAP R A N AP

12. R elo cation Co m m an d

RA N A P

NBAP

14 . R ad io Link Re sto re Ind icatio n

1 5. R elo catio n D e te ct R AN A P 16 . R eloca tio n D etect R AN A P

N B AP RRC

17. R adio Link F ailure Ind icatio n

RA N A P NBAP RR C R AN A P RA N A P 19. R elocation C om plete R A N AP

1 8. D CC H : P hysical C hann el Re con figura tion C om plete N o te 1

20 . R eloca tio n C om plete

R AN A P

R AN A P

21 . Iu R elease C om m a nd

RA N A P

R AN A P

22 . Iu Re le ase C om m and

R A N AP

23. A LC A P Iu D ata T ransp ort B eare r Relea se 24 . Iu Re lea se C om plete

RA N A P

R A N AP

RA N A P

25. Iu R elease Co m plete

R A N AP

Figure 13 Inter-RNC hard handover without lur interface

If inter-frequency cells between RNCs are adjacent and lur interface is unavailable, the hard-handover-triggered SRNS relocation is performed. The procedure is as follows: The SRNC sets up radio link at DRNC through the lu interface relocation, and then reconfig UE to the cell of DRNC through relocation. Upon receiving the reconfigureation response message from the UE, the DRNC informs the CN to complete relocation and changes into SRNC. The CN then releases the resources of UE at the original SRNC through lu interface release command.

Inter-Frequency Handover Strategy


The inter-frequency handover is a feature in which the UE hands over from one frequency of UTRAN to another one. It can either be handover based on inter-frequency

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Handover Control Feature Description

measurement, or blind handover based on ShareCover(Overlap or Covers). The measurement-based handover cannot trigger the blind handover based on shared coverage. The blind handover between cells with shared coverage can only be triggered by such functions as load control and load balance. The prerequisite for measurement-based inter-frequency handover is that UE performs quality measurement of non-used frequency. For inter-frequency measurement in CELL_DCH state, UE needs to initiate compressed mode unless it has double-receiver. The compressed mode has a great impact on both the resource utilization (for example, downlink power and uplink interference) and UE (for example, the transmit power and battery consumption), so inter-frequency measurement is only initiated when the radio quality of current serving carrier is poor, which can be evaluated through four measurement quantities: Uplink BLER, UE uplink transmit power, transmit power of downlink and inter-frequency measurement (quality measurement performed by UE for PCPICH). Upon receiving the inter-frequency measurement results from UE, the RNC makes a decision about inter-frequency handover, and hands over UE to the target frequency and cell carried in the measurement results. The blind handover based on ShareCover(Overlap or Covers) is controlled through the coverage indication (ShareCover) in the adjacent cell configuration relation. If the radio quality of a cell is good, then that of another cell with ShareCover(Overlap or Covers) relation with this cell must also be good, that is, to forecast the radio quality of another cell with ShareCover(Overlap or Covers) relation with a cell based on the radio quality of this cell. Whether ShareCover(Overlap or Covers) relation exists among cells is determined by the network planner based on cell coverage (Only cells with completely the same coverage can be called cells with shared coverage, and inter-frequency cells with shared coverage generally share a site and antenna feeder. If a cell completely contains the coverage of another cell, the relation between them is called &Covers&). The blind handover based on ShareCover(Overlap or Covers) is primarily used in load control, load balancing and handover based on moving speed. In the load balancing mechanism, if the load of the target cell for access or handover is too heavy, you can access or handover the service into another less loaded cell that has ShareCover(Overlap or Covers) relation with the target cell. In the load control mechanism, if the load of current cell is too heavy, you can forcedly handover partial services into another less loaded cell that has ShareCover(Overlap or Covers) relation with the target cell. In the handover based on moving speed, when the UE changes from low to high moving speed, you can directly handover the UE from micro cell into a macro cell that contains this micro cell.

5.1

Inter-Frequency Measurement
When conducting inter-frequency measurement, the UE needs to implement layer 3 filter for the measurement results to avoid measurement fluctuation and then make event decision and report by using filtered values. The layer 3 filter factor is FilterCoeff (Inter). For inter-frequency measurement formula, see "Intra-frequency Measurement#. Carrier evaluation standards for inter-frequency measurement:

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Handover Control Feature Description

NA j Q frequencyj = 10 LogM frequency j = W j 10 Log Mi j + (1 W j ) 10 LogM Best j i =1 Where, Qfrequency j: Refers to (Virtual) active set quality of carrier j, that is, the measurement result of carrier j (dB for Ec/No; dBm for RSCP). Mfrequency j: Refers to the physical measurement value (ratio for Ec/No; mW for RSCP) of the (Virtual) active set of carrier j. Mi j: Refers to the physical measurement value of cell i of carrier j. NA j: Refers to the number of cells (excluding best cell) in the (Virtual) active set of carrier j. MBest j: Refers to the measurement result of the best cell in the (Virtual) active set of carrier j. Wj: Refers to the weight (WNoUsed[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT] or Wused[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT]) of the best cell in the (Virtual) active set of carrier j during carrier measurement.

5.1.1

Introduction to Inter-Frequency Measurement


The inter-frequency measurement contains radio quality measurement of both working carrier frequency and non-working carrier frequency. It can be performed based on either Ec/N0 or RSCP measurement quantity, which is based on the parameter NonIntraMeasQuan. The inter-frequency measurement can adopt either period-based report or event-based report strategy, which is based on the parameter InterHoMth. The period-based report means the UE periodically reports the quality measurement result of inter-frequency cell PCPICH to the RNC and the RNC then judges whether inter-frequency events are met based on the measurement result. If so, it outputs interfrequency events (including such information as event ID, and target cell). The event-based report means the UE judges whether inter-frequency events are met based on the quality measurement result of non-working carrier frequency PCPICH. If so, it reports inter-frequency events (including such information as event ID, and target cell) to the RNC. A series of inter-frequency measurement events are defined in 3GPP as the judgment and trigger criteria for inter-frequency handover. The inter-frequency handover events are described as follows: Event 2A: The best carrier frequency changes.

Q NotBest Q Best + H 2a /2
Where, QNotBest: Refers to the measurement result of current non-best carrier frequency.

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Handover Control Feature Description

QBest : Refers to the measurement result of current best carrier frequency. H2a : Refers to handover decision hysteresis (Hysteresis[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT] (Inter)) of Event 2A. parameter

Event 2B: The quality of working carrier frequency is lower than a threshold and that of non-working carrier frequency is higher than a threshold.

QNon used TNon used 2b + H2b /2 Q Used TUsed


Where,

2b

H 2b /2

QNon used: Refers to the measurement result of current non-working carrier frequency. T Non Refers to the absolute threshold used 2b: (ThreshNoUsedFreq[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT]) of good quality of non-working carrier frequency in Event 2B decision. H2b : Refers to handover decision hysteresis (Hysteresis[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT] (Inter)) of Event 2B. QUsed: Refers to the measurement result of current working carrier frequency. TUsed Refers to the absolute threshold 2b: (ThreshUsedFreq[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT]) of poor quality of working carrier frequency in Event 2B decision. Event 2C: The quality of non-working carrier frequency is higher than a threshold. parameter

Q Non used TNon used 2c + H 2c /2


Where, QNon used: Refers to the measurement result of current non-working carrier frequency. T Non Refers to the absolute threshold used 2c: (ThreshNoUsedFreq[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT]) of good quality of non-working carrier frequency in Event 2C decision. H2c: Refers to handover decision hysteresis (Hysteresis[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT] (Inter)) of Event 2C. Event 2D: The quality of working carrier frequency is lower than a threshold. parameter

Q Used TUsed 2d H 2d /2
Where, QUsed: Refers to the measurement result of current working carrier frequency. T Used Refers to the absolute threshold 2d: (ThreshUsedFreq[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT]) of poor quality of working carrier frequency in Event 2D decision.

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Handover Control Feature Description

H2d: Refers to handover decision hysteresis (Hysteresis[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT] (Inter)) of Event 2D.

parameter

Event 2E: The quality of non-working carrier frequency is lower than a threshold.

Q Non used TNon used 2e H 2e /2


Where, QNon used: Refers to the measurement result of current non-working carrier frequency. T Non Refers to the absolute threshold used 2e: (ThreshNoUsedFreq[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT]) of good quality of non-working carrier frequency in Event 2E decision. H2e: Refers to handover decision (Hysteresis[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT] ) of Event 2E. hysteresis parameter

Event 2F: The quality of working carrier frequency is higher than a threshold.

QUsed TUsed 2f + H2f /2


Where, QUsed: Refers to the measurement result of current working carrier frequency. T Used Refers to the absolute threshold 2f: (ThreshUsedFreq[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT]) of poor quality of working carrier frequency in Event 2F decision. H2f: Refers to handover decision hysteresis (Hysteresis[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT] (Inter)) of Event 2F. parameter

If a carrier frequency meets the reporting range or threshold of certain event, the condition must be met within a period of time (TrigTime(Iner)) before the reporting of this event to avoid inter-frequency event misreport due to the fluctuation of radio quality.

5.1.2

Inter-Frequency Measurement Control Method


Among all inter-frequency measurement events, Event 2D and Event 2F only involve measurement of working carrier frequencies, so the compressed mode is not required during measurement and extra overhead will not be brought about to both UE and RNC. The compressed mode can be enabled and disabled based on the definition of 2D/2F. If there is any inter-frequency/Inter-RAT adjacent cell that has no ShareCover(Overlap or Covers) relation with current cell during service setup, the RNC will configure Event 2D, Event 2F and intra-frequency events to the UE. The following measurement setup, modification and deletion apply to other inter-frequency measurement events except Event 2D and Event 2F.

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Handover Control Feature Description

5.1.2.1

Measurement Setup
The inter-frequency measurement is only set up only when Inter-RAT measurement is not initiated, and it can be triggered in either of the following scenarios: (1)The radio quality of current serving carrier frequency deteriorates and there is interfrequency adjacent cell that has no ShareCover(Overlap or Covers) relation (judged through ShareCover) with current serving cell and UE supports the radio frequency band of these neighboring cells. (2)The UE meets the slow moving condition and there exists micro cell with higher HCS level in the coverage of current cell (based on moving speed). The "Radio Quality Deterioration of Current Serving Carrier Frequency# can be judged through any of the following four indexes: Uplink BLER: The uplink BLER value exceeds certain threshold (1.25%) and meantime the Sirtarget value (realtime measurement result) reaches the maximum configuration Sir (ULMaxSIR) in OMCR. The BLER is measured and judged by the RNC. Uplink transmit power of UE: The transmit power of UE exceeds certain threshold (100%, in relation to the maximum transmit power of UE). The uplink transmit power is measured by the UE and reported to the RNC through internal measurement report 6A/6B. Downlink transmit power: The downlink transmit power exceeds certain threshold (90%, in relation to MaxDlDpchPwr of services). The downlink transmit power is measured by NodeB and reported to the RNC through dedicated NodeB measurement report. The UE reports Event 2D.

5.1.2.2

Measurement Modification
If the inter-frequency measurement is enabled, the inter-frequency measurement modification is triggered in the following cases: If inter-frequency measurement parameters and adjacent cells change after soft handover, the changed parameters and adjacent cells must be updated through measurement modification. If handover parameters change when a service is added or deleted, the changed parameters must be updated through measurement modification.

5.1.2.3

Measurement Deletion
When inter-frequency measurement setup conditions are no longer met, the interfrequency measurement will be deleted (released).

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Handover Control Feature Description

Release inter-frequency measurement if there is no inter-frequency adjacent cell in active set after handover and inter-frequency measurement is initiated. Release inter-frequency measurement if there exists inter-frequency adjacent cell but it has a ShareCover(Overlap or Covers) relation with a cell or an intrafrequency adjacent cell in current active set, and inter-frequency measurement is initiated. Release inter-frequency measurement if it is initiated but the radio quality of working carrier frequency changes better. The standards for judging "The Radio Quality of Working Carrier Frequency Changes Better# are described as follows: The UE does not report Event 2D or reports Event 2F, the uplink BLER does not exceed poor quality threshold (1.25%) or the BLER recovers below normal quality threshold (CS64K: 0.1%; other services: 1%), the UE transmit power does not exceed inter-frequency measurement initiation threshold (100%) or recovers below normal value (90%), and the downlink transmit power does not exceed interfrequency measurement initiation threshold (90%) or recovers below normal value (80%).

Release inter-frequency measurement after inter-frequency handover. Release inter-frequency measurement in the case of exceptions, for example, receiving exceptional inter-frequency measurement report (for example, the measurement report belongs to non-existent measurement task on the network side).

5.1.2.4

Handling of Inter-Frequency Events


(1)Handling of Event 2A/2B/2C: If the measurement report contains several target cells, preferentially select those with good quality (RSCP) as target cells. If there is any inter-frequency adjacent cell that has ShareCover(Overlap or Covers) relation with the target cell, perform inter-frequency load balancing based on the cells&s load . (For details, see ZTE UMTS Load Balance Feature Description). For CS users, perform inter-frequency hard handover. For PS users, hard handover tends to fail due to admission failure in the event of heavy cell load because a majority of resources are occupied by PS services.So the following strategies are required: If current channel type is DCH and the channel assigned for target cell is also DCH after handover, first make a handover attempt according to current rate. If handover fails, then makes another handover attempt according to the GBR of current service or minimum rate grade of DRBC (for details, see ZTE UMTS DRBC Algorithm Feature Description), to improve the handover success rate.

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Handover Control Feature Description

If current channel type is HS-DSCH/E-DCH or HS-DSCH/DCH, and DCH after handover, perform handover directly according to the GBR of current service or minimum rate grade of DRBC (for details, see ZTE UMTS DRBC Algorithm Feature Description). If the channel type is DCH before handover and HS-DSCH/E-DCH or HSDSCH/DCH after, then access by HS-DSCH/E-DCH or HS-DSCH/DCH (for details, see ZTE UMTS DRBC Algorithm Feature Description); if HS-DSCH/EDCH or HS-DSCH/DCH admission fails, the handover can also be implemented according to the minimum rate (GBR of service or minimum rate grade of DRBC) of DCH.

The same cell can only use one of Event 2A, Event 2B and Event 2C to trigger inter-frequency handover. Which of the three events will be used is based on the inter-frequency handover recommendation strategy parameter InterHoTactic. (2)Handling of Event 2D Attempt blind handover if there exists ShareCover(Overlap or Covers) relationship in the inter-frequency adjacent cells. Initiate compressed mode and issue inter-frequency measurement 2A/2B/2C/2E if there exists no ShareCover(Overlap or Covers) relation in inter-frequency adjacent cells or blind handover fails. For initiation decision of compressed mode, see "Compressed Mode Enabling/Disabling#.

(3)Handling of Event 2E All non-working carrier frequencies report Event 2E, indicating that radio quality of all inter-frequency adjacent cells is poor and 3G system quality deteriorates. If there is any Inter-RAT adjacent cell that has ShareCover(Overlap or Covers) relation with current serving cell, and the value of "RAB assignment requestservice handover# is "Handover to GSM should not be performed# (For values of "service handover#, see 2.1.7 Handover Strategy Based on Service Attribute), implement Inter-RAT blind handover. All non-working carrier frequencies report Event 2E, indicating that radio quality of all inter-frequency adjacent cells is poor and 3G system quality deteriorates. If the value of "RAB assignment requestservice handover# is "Handover to GSM should not be performed# (For values of "service handover#, see 2.1.7 Handover Strategy Based on Service Attribute), current serving cell has Inter-RAT adjacent cells without GsmShareCover(Overlap or Covers) or Inter-RAT blind handover fails, issue the Inter-RAT measurement Event 3A/3C.

(4)Handling of Event 2F The compressed mode and inter-frequency measurement disabling can be triggered. For details, see Compressed Mode Enabling/Disabling and InterFrequency Measurement Control Method Measurement Deletion#.

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Handover Control Feature Description

5.1.2.5

Parameter Configuration Strategies


Inter-frequency event parameter configuration: There are 6 inter-frequency measurement events (2a, 2B, 2C, 2D, 2E, and 2F) in total. The specific number of events configured is based on the parameter MeasEvtNum (Inter), and the specific inter-frequency events configured are based on the parameter MeaEvtId[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT] (Inter). MeaEvtId[MAX_INTER_MEAS_EVENT] is defined through array, and the dimensions of array equal to MeasEvtNum, which is 6 at most. Handover parameter configuration strategy in macro diversity: All measurement parameters are cell-based. In macro diversity, the measurement parameters configured in the best cell will be used as handover parameters. If the best cell changes, the measurement parameters need to be updated at the same time. For handover in inter-RNC, if there has SRNC cell in active set, the measurement parameters of the best cell in SRNC will be used as handover parameters, and if there is no SRNC cell in activeset, the measurement parameters of the last SRNC cell in active set will be used as handover parameters. Configuration of several sets of handover parameters: The inter-frequency handover parameters can be separately configured based on measurement quantity, measurement report mode and service bearer type. In this way, several sets of measurement parameters are necessary for different purposes: The specific categories are as follows: Measurement quantity. NonIntraMeasQuan ( PCPICH RSCP or Ec/N0)

Measurement report mode InterHoMth (Event report or periodically report) (TrfCategory (CInter))

Service bearer type

Single RT RAB Including Voice on DL DCH/UL DCH Single RT RAB Excluding Voice on DL DCH/UL DCH Single NRT on DL DCH/UL DCH Single RAB on DL HS-DSCH/UL DCH Single RAB on DL HS-DSCH/UL E-DCH All Multi-RAB on DL DCH/UL DCH Multi-RAB, HSPA is Involved and only DCHs are Used in UL

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Handover Control Feature Description

Multi-RAB, HSPA is Involved and E-DCH is Used in UL Not Related to Service Type (Used for detected set measurement)

To facilitate parameter modification and optimization, the inter-frequency parameters are index-organized, with the index quotations listed as follows:

Figure 14 Inter-frequency handover index quotations

Before obtaining inter-frequency handover parameters, first find the "Service TypeRelated Inter-frequency Measurement Parameter Index (TrfCatIntraMIdx)#, "UTRAN Inter-frequency Radio Quality Measurement Quantity (NonIntraMeasQuan)#, and "Interfrequency Handover Algorithm Selection (InterHoMth)# from Utran Cell (utranCell) configuration items; then find the "Inter-Frequency Measurement Configuration No. (InterMeasCfgNo)# from the UE Inter-frequency Measurement Relative to Traffic Category Configuration Information (CInter) configuration items based on TrfCatInterMIdx, "Traffic Category (TrfCategory)", "Measurement Purpose (PrdMeasEcNo, EvtMeasEcNo, PrdMeasEcNo, and EvtMeasRSCP)#; finally, find corresponding handover measurement parameters from UE Inter-frequency Measurement Configuration (Inter) configuration items based on the "Inter-Frequency Measurement Configuration No. (InterMeasCfgNo)#. Note: Each InterMeasCfgNo corresponds to one measurement purpose, indicated with the parameter InterMeasCfgNote. The correspondence between other parameters that need to be filled in interfrequency measurement control message and OMCR configuration is described as follows: Measurement report transmission mode Whether to report UTRA Carrier RSSI Whether to report carrier frequency quality evaluation value Cell synchronization information report indication of inter-frequency measurement Cell identity report indication of inter-frequency measurement Ec/No report indication of inter-frequency measurement cell CPICH RSCP report indication of inter-frequency measurement cell (MeasRptTrMod) (UTRACarrierRSSI) (FreqQualEst) (CellSynRptInd) (CIdRptInd) (EcN0RptInd) (RscpRptInd)

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Handover Control Feature Description

Path loss report indication of inter-frequency measurement cell Whether to read SFN indication of target cell Inter-Frequency measurement amount Inter-frequency measurement report mode

(RscpRptInd) (ReadSFNInd) (MeasQuantity(Inter)) (RptCrt(Inter))

Note: The parameters MeasQuantity(Inter) and RptCrt(Inter) are automatically filled by the system based on InterMeasCfgNote. For cells of neighbor RNC # if the value of Primary CPICH Power Configuration Tag(PcpichPwrPre(externalUtranCell))is TURE # then the cell info of inter-freq measurement should include the Primary CPICH Power for this cell, otherwise the cell info of inter-freq measurement shall not include the Primary CPICH Power for this cell.

5.1.3

Handling of Over 32 Adjacent Cells


When there are many cells in an active set, the number of inter-frequency adjacent cells in the active set may exceed 32, the maximum number of adjacent cells as stipulated in the protocol. In that case, some inter-frequency adjacent cells must be dropped to ensure there are only 32 adjacent cells in the active set. Having minimal impact on users in the active set, these dropped cells are those with poorest signal quality or remotest geographical location. Therefore, each inter-frequency adjacent cell is configured with a priority level.

5.1.3.1

Cell priority configuration


The OMCR configuration parameter MeasPrio(utranRelation) is used to define the priority of adjacent cells and includes three values (0: High priority; 1: Medium priority; 2: Low priority). The specific value of MeasPrio(utranRelation) must be set by the network planning engineer based on existing network situation (for example, adjacent cell quality and geographical location of adjacent cell). Figure 15 shows the cell priority configuration based on the geographical location of adjacent cells. Take the configuration of cells adjacent to the innermost gray cell as an example: there are three layers of adjacent cells surrounding the gray cell, and they are differentiated from one another with yellow (0: Top priority), blue (1: Medium priority) and red (2: Low priority).

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Handover Control Feature Description

Source Cell

Priority 0

Priority 1

Priority 2

Figure 15 Cell priority configuration

5.1.3.2

Strategy for adjacent cells exceeding 32


As specified in the protocol, the maximum number of inter-frequency adjacent cells is 32. When the UE is in the macro diversity state, the total number of inter-frequency adjacent cells in the macro diversity may be in excess of 32, so some strategies are required to control the number within 32, including: Priority combination strategy

If a cell is adjacent to several inter-frequency cells in the active set, that is, the priority levels configured for this cell may vary, then combine the priority levels of this cell, and the highest priority level prevails. Sorting strategy

If the total number of inter-frequency adjacent cells in the active set is 32, the system prioritizes them in descending order of priority and places the cells in excess of 32 in inter-frequency adjacent cell reserve list which can buffer at most 8 truncated interfrequency cells. The priority levels of adjacent cells in inter-frequency adjacent cell list will be updated whenever Event 1A/1B/1C/1D is triggered. If Event 1B is triggered and the number of inter-frequency adjacent cells is less than 32, the system selects cells from reserve list in descending order of priority and places them in the inter-frequency adjacent cell list. The number of cells that can be selected: min (32 $ Number of existing cells in interfrequency adjacent cell list, Number of cells in reserve list).

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Handover Control Feature Description

5.2

Handling Mechanism for Period-based Report of Inter-Frequency Handover Measurement


The period-based report means the UE periodically reports the inter-frequency measurement result based on the periodical report interval (PrdRptInterval (R7Inter)) and the amount of periodical reports (PrdRptAmount (R7Inter)) configured by RNC. The RNC judges inter-frequency handover events in accordance with the inter-frequency event rule defined in protocol by referring to the inter-frequency cell quality periodically reported by UE. Long interval set in the period-based report mode may result in call drop due to handover delay. Therefore, it is recommended to set the interval to a small value. But setting a short interval will increase the signaling load of radio interface and easily lead to signaling congestion, so the event-based report is generally preferred.

5.3

Downlink Coverage Based Inter-Frequency Handover


Downlink coverage adopts Events 2D and 2F as a criterion to evaluate the quality of current working carrier frequency signals. For details on handling strategies of Events 2D and 2F, see "Handling of Inter-Frequency Events#. A coupling relationship exists among the coverage based handover, uplink BLER based handover, uplink transmit power based handover, downlink transmit power based handover, and moving speed based handover. For details on enabling/disabling of compressed mode and inter-frequency measurement setup/release, see "InterFrequency Handover Strategy--> Coupling Handling of Different Handovers#.

5.4

Uplink BLER Based Inter-Frequency Handover


The activation of uplink BLER based inter-frequency handover is controlled through the parameter UlBlerHoSwch. This strategy only applies to the DCH. When the value of UlBlerHoSwch is "ON#, the RNC periodically collects the statistics of uplink BLER. If the uplink BLER value exceeds certain threshold (1.25%) and meantime the Sirtarget value (realtime measurement result) reaches the maximum configuration (ULMaxSIR) in OMCR, then the outer loop power control is already invalid and the uplink quality gets worse. In such a case, handover the UE into its inter-frequency adjacent cell that has ShareCover(Overlap or Covers)relation with current cell, or initiate the inter-frequency measurement. The specific handling strategy is same to that of Event 2D. For details, see Event 2D handling in "Handling of Inter-Frequency Events#.

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Handover Control Feature Description

5.5

Uplink Transmit Power Based Inter-Frequency Handover


The activation of uplink transmit power based inter-frequency handover is controlled through the parameter UlPwrHoSwch. This strategy only applies to the DCH. When the value of UlPwrHoSwch is "ON#, the RNC sets up the internal measurement events 6A (Uplink power of UE exceeds the absolute threshold $ 100% of maximum transmit power of UE) and 6B (Uplink power of UE is less than the absolute threshold $ 90% of maximum transmit power of UE) of UE while service initially establishing. When the transmit power of UE meets the above threshold requirements, the UE will report the corresponding events. After receiving an Event 6A report or an Event 6B report, the RNC adopts the same handling strategy as that of 2D or 2F, respectively. For details, see the Events 2D and 2F handling strategies in "Handling of Inter-Frequency Events#.

5.6

Downlink Transmit Power Based Inter-Frequency Handover


The activation of downlink transmit power based inter-frequency handover is controlled through the parameter DlPwrHoSwch. This strategy only applies to the DCH. NodeB periodically sends the dedicated measurement report of downlink transmit power to the RNC. When the value of DlPwrHoSwch is "ON#, the RNC judges the downlink code power (DTCP) mentioned in the dedicated measurement report sent by NodeB. When the DTCP value reaches certain threshold (90% of the maximum downlink transmit power MaxDlDpchPwr), it indicates that the downlink power is very high. In such a case, handover the UE to its inter-frequency adjacent cell that has ShareCover(Overlap or Covers) relation with current cell, or initiate the inter-frequency measurement. The specific handling strategy is same to that of Event 2D. For details, see Event 2D handling in "Handling of Inter-Frequency Events#

5.7

Load Control Based Handover


When the load (downlink carrier power (TCP) or total uplink receive wideband power (RTWP)) of a cell reaches a high level, if the cell has some less-loaded inter-frequency adjacent cells that have ShareCover(Overlap or Covers) relation with this cell (judge through ShareCover), the RNC will handover some UEs with low priority from this cell into its adjacent cells, so as to reduce this cell&s load and ensure system stability. For details on load handover, see ZTE UMTS Overload Control Feature Description.

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Handover Control Feature Description

5.8

Moving Speed Based Handover


In the Hierarchical Cell Structure (HCS), Macro cells are used to carry the fast-moving UEs and they have low HCS priority (HcsPrio). Micro cells are used to carry the slowmoving UEs and they have high HCS priority (HcsPrio). The moving speed based handover is to handover the fast-moving and slow-moving UEs into Macro and Micro cells, respectively. The handover between Macro and Micro cells requires an algorithm for judging the moving speeds of UEs. As long as there is one HCS cell (UseOfHCS (utrancell) is "TRUE#) in active set, the moving speed measurement needs to be activated. The number of best cell changes per unit time is taken as a criterion for judging the moving speed of UE. The more times the best cell changes per unit time, the faster the moving speed. The number of best cell changes is based on the number of Event 1D reports. The following parameters are used during the activation of moving speed judge: Tslowjudge: Refers to the timing length of the timer set for judging slow-moving UEs. NFast: Refers to the number of best cell changes for judging fast-moving UEs. TFast: Refers to the maximum time required when the best cell changes Nfast times during fast moving of UEs. NSlow: Refers to the maximum number of best cell changes in the timing length of slowspeed timer. TSlow: Refers to the minimum threshold of system time difference during best cell change. Within the Tslowjudge of the timer, the moving speed of a UE is considered slow if any of the following conditions is met: (1)The number of best cell changes is 0. (2)The number of best cell changes is less than NSlow, and the time difference between the system time at the last best cell change and the current system time is larger than the time threshold Tslow. If the time used for Nfast times of best cell changes is less than the time threshold Tfast, the UE moving speed is considered fast (as shown in Figure 17).

(a)
Figure 16 Example of slow-moving UE judging conditions

(b)

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Handover Control Feature Description

Figure 17 Example of fast-moving UE judging condition

5.9

Coupling Handling of Different Handovers


Inter-frequency handover can be triggered by the following: Load control Downlink coverage events Uplink transmit power Uplink BLER Downlink transmit power Moving speed of UE

The load control based handover aims to quickly reduce system loads and ensure system stability, and it has the top priority. The handovers based on downlink coverage events, uplink transmit power, uplink BLER or downlink transmit power all aim to guarantee the call QoS and user experience, and they have lower priority. The moving speed based handover in the HSC is used to appropriately allocate traffic for different cells, make full use of system resources and enhance system performance. The moving speed based handover is a system optimization function and has the lowest priority. The handover with top priority will shield the handovers with comparatively lower priority. For example, if the load control based handover occurs in a cell, the RNC shall no longer hand over or access new services into the cell. In the case of a poor carrier quality, the RNC needs to handover the UE into the cell with good quality through radio quality measurement, without taking account of the moving speed of UE.

5.10

Inter-Frequency Handover Procedure


Inter-frequency handovers are all hard handovers, and their procedures are identical with intra-frequency hard handover.

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Handover Control Feature Description

SRNS Relocation
SRNS relocation is mainly triggered by soft handover, hard handover,.The SRNS relocation procedure involves several NEs in the system, such as the UE, NodeB, RNC and CN. In the relocation preparation procedure initiated by the SRNC for traffic beared on HSDSCH, the "RELOCATION REQUIRED# message carries the configuration parameters of HSDPA that has IUR MAC-d FLOW, and then the subsequent procedure is identical with the relocation procedure triggered by soft handover. Figure 18 shows the overall procedure of SRNC relocation.
UE N o de B RNC S ou rce RNC T a rg et M S C /S G S N S G S N /M SC

RANAP

1 . R e loc atio n R e qu ired

RAN AP

RANAP

2 . R elo catio n Re q uired

RANAP 3. R elo ca tio n R eq ue st RANAP

RANAP 4 . R eloc atio n R e qu est RANAP

RAN AP

5 . A LC A P Iu D ata T r ansp o rt B e are r S etup

6 . R elo catio n R e qu est A c k. RANAP RAN AP 7 . R eloc atio n R e qu est A ck.

RANAP

RANAP

RANAP

8 . R e loc ation C o m m an d

RAN AP

RANAP 1 0 . R e lo ca tion C om m it R N SA P

9. R elo ca tio n C o m m and

RAN AP

RNSAP 1 1. R elo ca tio n D ete ct 1 2. R elo ca tio n D ete ct RANAP RAN AP 1 3. R elo ca tio n C om p lete 14 . R elo catio n C om p lete RANAP 1 5 . Iu R e le ase C o m m an d RANAP

RANAP

RAN AP

RANAP

RANAP

RA N A P

RANAP

RA N A P

1 6. Iu R ele ase C om m a nd

RANAP

1 7. A L C A P Iu D ata T ra nsp or t B ea rer R elela se

RA N A P

1 8. Iu R elea se C om p lete

RANAP

RA N A P

19 . Iu Re lea se C o m p lete

RANAP

Figure 18 SRNC relocation procedure (Span two CNs )

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Handover Control Feature Description

6.1

Relocation Triggered by Soft Handover


Source RNC SGSN Target RNC 2.Relocation Request 3.Relocation Request Ack 4.Relocation Command 5.Relocation Commit 6.Relocation Detect 7.UTRAN Mobility Information 8.UTRAN Mobility Information Confirm 9.Relocation Complete 10.Iu Release Command 11.Iu Release Complete UE 1.Relocation Required

Figure 19 Relocation triggered by soft handover

Procedure description: 1 Upon detecting that all links already exist in a DRNC, the SRNC initiates the relocation procedure and sends a "Relocation Required# message to the CN. If the SRNC connects with CS and PS domains, it needs to send the "Relocation Required# message to CS and PS domains. The CN sends a "Relocation Request# message to the DRNC, carrying "RAB SETUP# message. After the RAB of DRNC is established successfully, the DRNC sends "Relocation Request Ack# message to the CN. The CN sends "Relocation Command# message to the SRNC requiring the SRNC to start relocation. The SRNC sends "Relocation Commit# message to the DRNC through the lur interface. The DRNC sends "Relocation Detect# message to the CN and is converted into a new SRNC through role exchange. The new SRNC sends "UTRAN Mobility Information# message to UE to relocate URNTI. Upon relocating U-RNTI, the UE sends a "UTRAN Mobility Information Confirm# message to the new SRNC.

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Handover Control Feature Description

The new SRNC sends "Relocation Complete# message to inform the CN of the successful relocation.

10 Upon receiving the message from the new SRNC, CN sends "Iu Release Command# message to the original SRNC to release all the resources in the original SRNC. 11 Upon releasing the lu resource, original SRNC sends "Iu Release Complete# message to the CN. There may exist some exceptional procedures during relocation. Relocation failure caused by "UTRAN Mobility Information# message transmission failure The DRNC fails to initiate the "UTRAN Mobility Information Configuration# procedure due to procedure timeout or the UE failure in returning UTRAN mobility message. In such a case, the DRNC does not send a "Relocation Complete# message to the CN, and after the CN relocation timer times out, the CN initiates a "Iu Release Command# message to release the resources on the DRNC side.

6.2

Relocation Triggered by Hard Handover


Source SGSN RNC 1.Relocation Required 2.Relocation Request 3.Relocation Request Ack 5.Physical Channel Reconfiguration UE 6.UE detected by target RNC 7.Relocation Detect 8.Physical Channel Reconfiguration Complete 9.Relocation Complete 10.Iu Release Command 11.Iu Release Complete UE 4.Relocation Command Target RNC

Figure 20 Relocation triggered by hard handover

Procedure description: The SRNC initiates a "Relocation Required# message to the CN. 1 Upon receiving the message, the CN sends "Relocation Request# message to the DRNC. After the bearer on lu interface and the radio link are established, the DRNC returns "Relocation Request Ack# message to inform the CN that the DRNC is ready.

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Handover Control Feature Description

The CN sends "Relocation Command# message to the SRNC requiring the SRNC to start relocation. The SRNC sends "Physical Channel Reconfiguration# message to the UE, requiring UE to perform hard handover. The DRNC initiates "UE Detect# message to imply that the DRNC already detects UE. Upon detecting the UE, the DRNC sends "Relocation Detect# message to CN, and then DRNC is converted into a new SRNC through role exchange. The UE returns "Physical Channel Reconfiguration Complete# message to inform the new SRNC of successful hard handover. Upon receiving the message, the new SRNC sends "Relocation Complete# message to CN. Upon receiving the message from the new SRNC, the CN sends "Iu Release Command# message to the original SRNC to release all the resources in the original SRNC.

10 Upon releasing the lu resource, the original SRNC sends "Iu Release Complete# message to the CN. There may exist some exceptional procedures during relocation. Relocation failure caused by radio bearer (RB) reconfiguration failure Upon receiving the RB reconfiguration failure message, the SRNC will send a relocation cancellation message to the CN and the CN release the resources on the DRNC side through the lu release procedure.

Inter-RAT Handover Policy


Inter-RAT handover means that an UE switches from one radio access system to another, and specifically, from a UTRAN access system to a GERAN system. (If an UE switches from a GERAN system to a UTRAN system, the GERAN system policy is used.) Inter-RAT handover can be measurement-based handover between systems or blind handover based on GsmShareCover(Overlap or Covers). The prerequisite of measured-based Inter-RAT handover is that the UE measures the quality of the Inter-RAT neighboring cells. In WCDMA system, for Inter-RAT measurement in CELL_DCH state, the UE must enable compressed mode for Inter-RAT measurement unless it has dual receivers. In addition, regarding the influences of the compressed mode on the system and UE, Inter-RAT measurement is enabled only when the current UTRAN system has poor radio quality. The radio quality of the current UTRAN system can be measured by four indicators, namely, uplink BLER, uplink transmit power of the UE, downlink transmit power, and inter-frequency measurement (quality measurement on the PCPICH by the UE). When receiving Inter-RAT measurement result reported by the UE, the RNC makes Inter-RAT handover decision

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Handover Control Feature Description

and switches the UE to the target cell of the GERAN system specified in the measurement result.

7.1

Inter-RAT Measurement
To avoid measurement fluctuation, the UE must perform layer 3 filter on the measurement result, and then use the filtered value for event decision and reporting. The FilterCoeff (Rat) is used as the layer 3 filter factor for intra-system measurement, and the GsmFilterCoef is used for GSM system measurement. The principles are the same as the formula for co-frequency measurement.

NA Q UTRAN = 10 LogM UTRAN = W 10 Log + (1 W) 10 LogM Best Mi i=1


Where: QUTRAN indicates the measurement result of the currently used UTRAN frequency (dB for Ec/No; dBm for RSCP). MUTRAN indicates the measured physical value of the currently used UTRAN frequency (ratio for Ec/No; mV for RSCP). Mi indicates the measured physical value of cell I in the current active set. NA indicates the number of the cells (excluding best cells) in an active set. MBest indicates the measurement result of the best cells in an active set. W indicates the weight of the best cells in an active set in the frequency quality evaluation of the currently used UTRAN.

7.1.1

Overview of Inter-RAT Measurement


Inter-RAT measurement is to measure the Inter-RAT cells. In the case of Inter-RAT measurement, the measured quantity of the UTRAN network can be triggered based on the measured quantity of Ec/N0 or RSCP. The specific parameter used is controlled by the NonIntraMeasQuan parameter. The measured quantity of Inter-RAT measurement depends on the systems to be measured. For the GERAN, the measured quantity is RSSI. At present, Inter-RAT measurement supports only the handover modes reported through events. The IntRatHoMth parameter is invalid. 3GPP defies a series of Inter-RAT measurement events. An UE reports the corresponding events when defined conditions are met. 3A: The currently used UTRAN carrier quality is lower than a threshold, and the quality of other radio systems is higher than a threshold. It is used for decision of Inter-RAT handover.

Q Used TUsed H 3a /2 and MOther

RAT

+ CIOOther RAT TOther

RAT

+ H3a /2

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Handover Control Feature Description

Where: QUsed indicates the estimated quality of the used frequency of the UTRAN. TUsed indicates the absolute threshold (Thresh[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT]) of the currently used frequency difference. H3a is the hysteresis parameter (Hysteresis[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT] (Rat)) for 3A event decision. MOther RAT is the quality measurement result of other systems. CIOOther RAT is the quality offset of other system cells (CellIndivOffset(gsmRelation). T Other is the absolute RAT (ThreshSys[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT]).l threshold of other systems

3C: The quality of other radio systems is higher than a threshold. It can be used for Inter-RAT handover decision.

MOther
Where:

RAT

+ CIOOther

RAT

TOther

RAT

+ H3c /2

MOther RAT is the quality measurement result of other systems. CIOOther RAT is the quality offset of other system cells (CellIndivOffset(gsmRelation). T Other is the absolute RAT (ThreshSys[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT]). threshold of other systems

H3c is the hysteresis parameter (Hysteresis[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT] (Rat)) for 3C event decision. During Inter-RAT event decision, the carrier must keep meeting the reporting scope or threshold of an event for a certain period of time (TrigTime[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT] (Rat)) before it can be reported as this event. In this way, improper reporting of InterRAT events resulted from carrier quality fluctuation can be avoided.

7.1.2
7.1.2.1

Control Methods for Inter-RAT Measurement


Setting up a measurement
The principles for setting up an Inter-RAT measurement (service-based Inter-RAT handover) depend on the value of the service handover IE in the RAB assignment request message. When the value of the service handover IE is Handover to GSM should be performed, it indicates that the RAB should switch to the GSM system as soon as possible. During the service setup or intra-system handover of such a service, if the

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Handover Control Feature Description

current dwell cell has a GSM neighboring cell ad the inter-frequency measurement is not enabled after service setup or handover is successful, the RNC enables Inter-RAT measurement immediately. (Note: For simplification, the startup policy of service-based Inter-RAT measurement is not checked in the following scenarios: i ii Soft handover succeeds. Incoming compressed mode relocation of soft handover is enabled.)

When the value of the service handover IE is Handover to GSM should not be performed, it indicates that the RAB can switch to the GSM only when it exceeds the bearing capability of the UMTS. For such a service, the RNC enables Inter-RAT measurement only when the quality of the UMTS system is poor. The specific scenarios are as follows: The current working carrier is in poor quality (the measurement method is described in ), but the conditions for enabling inter-frequency measurement (that is, the inter-frequency neighboring cell is not configured) or for inter-frequency blind handover are not met. In this case, if Inter-RAT measurement is not enabled or the conditions for Inter-RAT blind handover are met but blind handover fails, Inter-RAT measurement is set up. iii Inter-frequency measurement is enabled, and all non-working carriers trigger 2E events. In this case, if the conditions for Inter-RAT blind handover are not met and Inter-RAT neighboring cells exist, or the conditions for Inter-RAT blind handover are met, but blind handover fails, inter-frequency measurement is disabled, and Inter-RAT measurement is set up.

When the value of the service handover IE is Handover to GSM shall not be performed, it indicates that the service cannot be switched to the GSM. For such a service, the RNC does not enable Inter-RAT measurement or trigger the handover to GSM. For the service handover attribute of concurrent services, the highest service handover value of BasicPrio is used. When a concurrent service is added or deleted, the RNC needs to determine the service handover attribute and thus decides to adopt the measurement policy and handover policy between 2G systems.

7.1.2.2

Modifying a measurement
After Inter-RAT measurement is enabled, the measurement is changed in the following cases: After soft handover, if Inter-RAT measurement parameters and Inter-RAT neighboring cells are changed, the Inter-RAT measurement parameters and InterRAT neighboring cell list are updated by means of measurement modification.

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Handover Control Feature Description

When a service is added or deleted, if the handover parameters for a single service or concurrent services are different, Inter-RAT measurement parameters must be updated by means of measurement and modification.

7.1.2.3

Deleting a measurement
Before hard handover, Inter-RAT measurement is enabled. Terminate the InterRAT measurement. After soft handover, Inter-RAT measurement is terminated in any of the following cases: The cell in an active set does not have Inter-RAT neighboring cell. Inter-RAT neighboring cells are neighboring cells with GsmShareCover(Overlap or Covers) The Inter-RAT neighboring cells and the intra-frequency neighboring cells of the cells in the current active set are neighboring cells with GsmShareCover(Overlap or Covers) When the service handover value of the service is "Handover to GSM should not be performed#, and the quality of the working carries turns for better (the measurement method is the same as that described in ), the compressed mode is closed, and Inter-RAT measurement is terminated. In the case of exceptions, such as the exceptional report of the Inter-RAT measurement task (for example, an unavailable measurement task is received from the network side), the corresponding Inter-RAT measurement is released.

7.1.2.4

Processing of Inter-RAT Events


Processing of 3A/3C events

perform Inter-RAT handover. During Inter-RAT handover, the same cell can be triggered by any of the 3A, and 3C events. The recommended policy parameter for Inter-RAT handover, namely, RatHoTactic, controls the specific event that is used as the basis for Inter-RAT handover decision.

7.1.2.5

Policy for Setting Inter-RAT Measurement Parameters


Policy for setting Inter-RAT event parameters There are four Inter-RAT measurement events, namely, 3A, and 3Cevents. The EventId [MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT] (Rat) parameter controls the number of the events to be configured. The EventId [MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT] (Rat)

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Handover Control Feature Description

parameter controls the specific events to be configured. The MeaEvtId parameter is defined in array mode. The dimension of arrays equals the value of MeasEvtNum, being 4 at most. Handover parameter configuration strategy in macro diversity: Measurement parameters are based on cells. Therefore, in the case of macro diversity, the measurement parameters configured for the best cell are used as handover parameters. If the best cell changes, the measurement parameters must be updated. For handover in inter-RNC, if there has SRNC cell in active set, the measurement parameters of the best cell in SRNC will be used as handover parameters, and if there is no SRNC cell in activeset, the measurement parameters of the last SRNC cell in active set will be used as handover parameters. Setting of multiple sets of handover parameters Inter-RAT handover parameters can be configured separately according to the measured quantity, measurement reporting mode, and service bearer type. In this way, multiple sets of measurement parameters are required for different purposes. The classification is as follows: Measured quantity of the UTRAN NonIntraMeasQuan ( PCPICH RSCP or Ec/N0)

Measurement reporting mode IntRatHoMth (Event report or periodically report Only Event report can be supported currently. So the following parameters for periodically report is not used currently: PrdMeasEcNo(RAT), PrdMeasRSCP(RAT), PrdRptAmount(RAT), PrdRptInterval(RAT) ) (TrfCategory(Rat))

Service bearer type

Single RT RAB Including Voice on DL DCH/UL DCH Single RT RAB Excluding Voice on DL DCH/UL DCH Single NRT on DL DCH/UL DCH Single RAB on DL HS-DSCH/UL DCH Single RAB on DL HS-DSCH/UL E-DCH All Multi-RAB on DL DCH/UL DCH Multi-RAB, HSPA is Involved and only DCHs are Used in UL Multi-RAB, HSPA is Involved and E-DCH is Used in UL Not Related to Service Type (used for detect set measurement)

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Handover Control Feature Description

For ease of parameter modification and optimization, Inter-RAT handover parameters are arranged by indexes. The index relation is as follows:

Figure 21 Indexing relation for Inter-RAT handover

The procedure for obtaining an Inter-RAT handover parameter is as follows: 1) Obtain the TrfCatRatMIdx parameter from Utran Cell (utranCell). 2) Find the InterRatCfgNo parameter in UE Inter-Rat Measurement Relative to Traffic Category (CRat) based on TrfCatRatMIdx, TrfCategory, and EvtMeasRSCP or EvtMeasEcNo. 3) Find the corresponding handover measurement parameter in UE Inter-Rat Measurement Configuration Information(Rat) based on InterRatCfgNo. Note: Each InterRatCfgNo corresponds to an EvtMeasRSCP or EvtMeasEcNo, indicated by InterRatCfgNote. The relations between the other parameters to be entered in the Inter-RAT measurement control message and the OMCR parameters are as follows: Measurement report transmission mode GSM BSIC acknowledgement indication for Inter-RAT measurement UTRAN quality estimation reporting indication GSM cell RSSI reporting indication Measured quantity for UTRAN quality estimation in Inter-RAT measurement (OwnMeasQuantity) (MeasRptTrMod) (BSICVeriReq) (UtranEstQual) (GsmCarrRSSIInd) (OwnMeasQuantity) (RptCrt(Rat)

Note: OwnMeasQuantity and RptCrt(Rat) are automatically entered based on InterRatCfgNote, and manual operations are not needed. The values of these parameters are for maintenance personnel&s reference.

7.1.3

Processing in the Case of More Than 32 Inter-RAT Neighboring Cells


When an active set has many cells, the number of the Inter-RAT neighboring cells for the cells in an active set may exceed the maximum value, 32. When the number of Inter-RAT neighboring cells exceeds 32, some must be deleted to ensure only 32 Inter-RAT neighboring cells exist in an active set.

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In addition, the cells to be deleted must be the cells having the least impacts on active set users, namely, the cells having the poorest signal quality or in furthest geographic locations. For this purpose, priority is defined for each Inter-RAT neighboring cell.

7.1.3.1

Priority Settings of Cells


The MeasPrio(gsmRelation) parameter is used to define the priority of an Inter-RAT neighboring cell. The value can be 0 (high), 1 (medium), or 2 (low). The value can be determined by network planning engineers according to existing network situations, such as the quality and geographic location of the Inter-RAT neighboring cell. Figure 22 shows the priority settings of Inter-RAT neighboring cells based on geographic locations. Assume that the gray cell in the center is the source cell. It has three layers of InterRAT neighboring cells, marked respectively in yellow, blue, and red. The Inter-RAT neighboring cells in yellow have the highest priority level, namely, 0. Those in blue have the secondary highest priority level, namely, 1. Those in red have the lowest priority level, namely, 2.

Source Cell

Priority 0

Priority 1

Priority 2

Figure 22 Priority settings of cells

7.1.3.2

Deletion policy in the case of more than 32 neighboring cells


Related standards stipulate that the maximum number of Inter-RAT neighboring cells is 32. When an UE is in macro diversity state, the number of unions of Inter-RAT neighboring cells of multiple cells in the macro diversity may exceed this limit. Therefore, a specific policy is needed to delete neighboring cells. The policy involves combination, selection, and deletion of the neighboring cells with the same priority. Priority combination

If a cell is a common neighboring cell of multiple cells in the active set, it may be configured with different priority levels in different cells. In this case, the multiple priority

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levels of this cell must be combined, using the highest priority level as the priority of this cell. Neighboring cell list update and deletion in the case of more than 32 neighboring cells

If the Inter-RAT neighboring cell list of an active list contains more than 32 cells, the cells are sorted in descending order based on priority. The first 32 cells remain unchanged, and all other cells are put into the reserved Inter-RAT neighboring cell list which can buffer at most 8 truncated inter-RAT cells. Each time when the 1A, 1B, 1C, or 1D event is triggered, the priority levels of the neighboring cells in the Inter-RAT neighboring cell list are updated. If there are less than 32 cells in the Inter-RAT neighboring cell list after the 1B event is triggered, the cells with the highest priority in the reserved Inter-RAT neighboring cell list are put into the Inter-RAT neighboring cell list. The number of the cells from the reserved Inter-RAT neighboring cell list equals: min(32 $ number of existing cells in the Inter-RAT neighboring cell list).

7.2

Inter-RAT Handover Based on Downlink Coverage


Downlink coverage uses 2D and 2F events as the criterions for evaluating the signal quality of the current frequency. The RNC transmits the 2D ad 2F event configuration to the UE when the service is set up. If the UE reports a 2D event, that is, the current carrier is in poor signal quality, and no inter-frequency neighboring cells exist, or the UE reports a 2E event after inter-frequency measurement is started (that is, the signal quality of the measured inter-frequency neighboring cell is also poor), the RNC tries to initiate Inter-RAT blind handover first if Inter-RAT neighboring cells withGsmShareCover (Overlap or Covers) exist. If Inter-RAT neighboring cells exist but have no GsmShareCover (Overlap or Covers) relation, or blind handover fails, the RNC needs to configure and start Inter-RAT measurement 3A or 3C event to the UE, and then performs the corresponding decision process for Inter-RAT handover according to the 3A, or 3C event subsequently reported by the UE.

7.3

Inter-RAT Handover Based on Uplink BLER


The UlBlerHoSwch parameter controls the enabling of uplink BLER based handover. This policy is specific to DCHs. When the value of UlBlerHoSwch is On, the RNC periodically measures the uplink BLER. If the measured uplink BLER is higher than a certain threshold (1.25%), and the real-time measured value (Sirtarget) reaches the maximum value of the BAM (ULMaxSIR), the RNC triggers the Inter-RAT measurement or handover policy. The process is the same as that for Inter-RAT handover based on downlink coverage.

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7.4

Inter-RAT Handover Based on Uplink Transmit Power


The UlPwrHoSwch parameter controls the enabling of inter-frequency handover based on uplink transmit power. Notes: Handover Based on Uplink Transmit Power is used only for traffic carried on DCHs. When the value of UlPwrHoSwch is On, the RNC starts the internal measurement for the UE that reports a 6A (the uplink power of the UE exceeds the absolute threshold, namely, 100% of the maximum transmit power of the UE) or 6B (the uplink power of the UE is lower than the absolute threshold, namely, 90% of the maximum transmit power of the UE) measurement event when the initial service is set up. When the transmit power of the UE meets the event threshold, the UE reports the corresponding event. After receiving a 6A event, the RNC performs processing according to the same process as that for Inter-RAT handover based on downlink coverage.

7.5

Inter-RAT Handover Based on Downlink Transmit Power


The DlPwrHoSwch parameter controls the enabling of inter-frequency handover based on downlink transmit power. This policy is specific to DCHs. When the value of DlPwrHoSwch is On, the RNC checks the DTCP in the NodeB dedicated measurement report. If the DTCP reaches a certain threshold (90% of the maximum downlink transmit power MaxDlDpchPwr), it indicates the downlink power is very high. In this case, the process is the same as that for Inter-RAT handover based on downlink coverage.

7.6

Handover Based on Load Control


RNC selects some users with lower priority levels in the cell and switches them to the neighboring cells with GsmShareCover (Overlap or Covers) blindly in case of the following conditions: When the load (transmitted carrier power (TCP) or received total wideband power (RTWP)) of a cell is rather high, If the current neighboring cell does not have any inter-frequency neighboring cell with ShareCover (Overlap or Covers), but has inter-RAT neighboring cells with GsmShareCover (Overlap or Covers), the RNC selects some users with lower priority levels in the cell and switches them to the neighboring cells with GsmShareCover (Overlap or Covers) blindly.

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In this way, the system load can be reduced quickly and the system reliability can be guaranteed. For details about the inter-system handover based on load, refer to the ZTE UMTS Load Balance Feature Description.

7.7

with ShareCover (Overlap or Covers)with GsmShareCover (Overlap or Covers)with GsmShareCover (Overlap or Covers)Coupling for Different Handover Causes
As described above, the causes of Inter-RAT handover include the following: Handover based on load control Based on downlink coverage/quality event Based on uplink transmit power Based on uplink BLER Based on downlink transmit power

Handover based on load control aims to reduce the system load quickly to ensure the system stability. Therefore, handover based on load control has the highest priority. The handover triggered by radio quality causes such as downlink coverage event, uplink transmit power, uplink BLER, ad downlink transmit power aims to ensure the QoS and impressibility of users. The handover of this kind has second highest priority. The handover of higher priority filters the handover of lower priority, for example, a cell handed over based on load control cannot access new services.

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7.8
7.8.1

Inter-RAT Handover Process


CS Service Handover from 3G System to 2G System
UE NODE B RNC CN BSC

RELOCATION REQUIRED HANDOVER REQUEST HANDOVER REQUEST ACK RELOCATION COMMAND HANDOVER FROM UTRAN COMMAND HANDOVER DETECT HANDOVER COMPLETE HANDOVER COMPLETE IU RELEASE COMMAND RADIO LINK DELETION REQUEST

RADIO LINK DELETION RESPONSE IU RELEASE COMPLETE

Figure 23 3G to 2G CS service handover

7.8.2

PS Service Reselection in 3G to 2G Handover


The handover of PS domain from the UTRAN to the GSM can be classified into the following cases: The UE actively initiates the PS service reselection. The UE selects a GPRS cell to dwell through the cell reselection process, sets up a connection with the target cell, and then initiates route area update. This case applies to an UE in CELL_FACH or URA_PCH state.

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Handover Control Feature Description

UE

S er ving R NC

CN

1. C ell R e sele ctio n trigge re d

R AN A P

2 . I u R e lea se C o m m and

RANAP

R AN A P

2. Iu R e le a se C o m plete

R AN A P

Figure 24 PS service reselection initiated by an UE in the case of 3G to 2G handover

The RNC actively initiates PS service reselection. The RNC decides to switch the UE to another RAT cell according to handover decision results. This case applies to an UE in CELL_DCH or CELL_FACH state. The RNC sends a handover command CELL CHANGE ORDER FROM UTRAN to the UE. After receiving the command, the UE sets up a connection with the target cell, and then initiates route area update.

Figure 25 PS service reselection initiated by the RNC in the case of 3G to 2G handover

Note: Both processes are applicable to an UE in CELL_FACH state. The specific policy is as follows: The process of PS service reselection actively initiated by the UE is used for the 3G to 2G PS service handover based on radio quality. The process of PS service reselection actively initiated by the RNC is used for the 3G to 2G PS service handover based on load.

IMSI-based handover
The IMSI-based handover can limit the range of cells for allowed for handover according to IMSI of UE with the following principle: While the measurement control message is not delivered before CommonID message is received in the signaling stage, RNC does not yet know the cells authorized to the

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Handover Control Feature Description

user. Therefore RNC delivers the measurement control message regardless of the authorization status of the cells. While delivering measurement control message after receiving CommonID message, RNC queries whether the cells are authorized according to the IMSI information carried in the CommonID message of lu interface and also the authorization information configured in the network side. Only the authorized neighbor cells will be included in the neighbor cell list of measurement control message. In the process of RAB assignment of service, a decision of whether the current service cell is authorized is made according to the IMSI information carried in the CommonID message and the authorization information configured in the network side. If none of the cells in the active set is authorized If the best cells in the active set are like the coverage neighbor cells (ShareCover) and are also authorized cells, then the inter-frequency handover is performed along with service establishment Otherwise, If the best cells in the active set are like the coverage GSM neighbor cells (GsmShareCover) and are authorized cells, and also the current service is AMR, then Inter-RAT directional retry is performed Otherwise, return, treated as assignment failure Otherwise, establish service normally. If some of the cells in the active set are unauthorized cells, delete the unauthorized cells from the active set through the active set update flow.

8.1

Querying Whether a SRNC Cell Is Authorized According to IMSI


Figure 26 shows the process of querying whether a neighbor cell belonging SRNC is authorized according to the IMSI information carried in the CommonID message of lu interface and also the authorization information configured in the network side. The steps of the query are: 1 Resolve the MCC (rncPnSnac), MNC and other number information ExtInfo (10 digits at most, number of digits depending on ExtInfoDgtNum) according to the IMSI carried in the CommonID message of lu interface. Use the information (MCC, MNC and ExtInfo) resolved and also the authorized network information MCC (rncPnSnac), MNC (rncPnSnac) and ExtInfo (rncPnSnac) configured in the network side to query whether the IMSI of UE is authorized or not. If MCC, MNC and ExtInfo of UE does not have a configuration item in rncPnSnac,

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"no neighbor cell authorized# is returned. Otherwise the MCC (SMCC), MNC (SMNC) and SNAC that are authorized are obtained. 3 According to the relation between MCC (rncLcSnac), MNC (rncLcSnac), SNAC (rncLcSnac) and LAC (rncLcSnac) and also the cell information including MCC (utranCell), MNC (utranCell), LAC (utranCell), query whether the cell belongs to the MCC (rncLcSnac), MNC (rncLcSnac), and LAC (rncLcSnac) that are already authorized.

Figure 26 Schematic Diagram of Querying Whether a SRNC Cell Is Authorized According to IMSI

8.2

Querying Whether a DRNC Cell Is Authorized According to IMSI


Figure 26 shows the process of querying whether a neighbor cell belonging DRNC is authorized according to the IMSI information carried in the CommonID message of lu interface and also the authorization information configured in the network side. The steps of the query are: 4 Resolve the MCC (rncPnSnac), MNC and other number information ExtInfo (10 digits at most, number of digits depending on ExtInfoDgtNum) according to the IMSI carried in the CommonID message of lu interface. Use the information (MCC, MNC and ExtInfo) resolved and also the authorized network information MCC (rncPnSnac), MNC (rncPnSnac) and ExtInfo (rncPnSnac) configured in the network side to query whether the IMSI of UE is authorized or not. If MCC, MNC and ExtInfo of UE does not have a configuration item in rncPnSnac, "no neighbor cell authorized# is returned. Otherwise the MCC (SMCC), MNC (SMNC) and SNAC that are authorized are obtained. According to the granted MCC SMCC ! " MNC SMNC ! " SNAC and the DRNC neighbor cell information including: MCC externalUtranCell $ gsmRelation ! $ MNC externalUtranCell $ gsmRelation ! $ SNAC

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Handover Control Feature Description

externalUtranCell $ gsmRelation ! , query whether the DRNC neighbor cell belongs to the MCC SMCC ! " MNC SMNC ! and SNAC that are already authorized. Notes%In step 3#how many SNAC is configured for DRNC neighbor cells is controlled by SNACNum (externalUtranCell$gsmRelation)&'(

Figure 27 Schematic Diagram of Querying Whether a DRNC Cell Is Authorized According to IMSI

HSDPA-related special strategy


For channel changes from non-DCH to DCH in the HSDPA handover process, the target data rate of DCH is the guaranteed bit rate of GBR traffic or the minimum rate of DRBC for no GBR traffic(refer to ZTE UMTS DRBC Algorithm Feature Description for details).

9.1

Overview
The cells are classified in three types according to the support capability of HSDPA (HspaSptMeth) after HSDPA is introduced: (1) support HSDPA and DCH; (2) do not support HSUPA or HSDPA; (3) support HSDPA only. The services are classified in two types: HSDPA service and NHSDPA service. The HSDPA handover is similar to R99 handover in terms of measurement and handover decision, except that the decisions of cell capacity during a handover and the service type are added. For the HSDPA service, the handover is accepted through HS-DSCH to the cells that support HSDPA and DCH and cells that support HSDPA only as much as possible. If the HS-DSCH fails, accept the handover to the cells that support HSDPA and DCH and cells that do not support HSUPA or HSDPA through DCH. For the NHSDPA service, the handover can only be accepted through DCH to the cells that support HSDPA and DCH and cells that do not support HSUPA or HSDPA.

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After HSDPA is introduced, the inter-RNC handover also depends on the capability of office direction RNC to support HSDPA (RncFeatSwitch) because neighbor cells feature varying support capabilities (HspaSptMeth). That is, only if both the target cell and target RNC (office direction RNC) support HSDPA, the HS-DSCHHS-DSCH handover can be performed. Otherwise, the DCHDCH handover flow cannot be originated until HS-DSCH falls back to DCH. The channel transfer is performed along with handover. Different channel transfer situations are described in the following based on different handover types.

9.2

Intra-frequency Handover
The intra-frequency handover of HDSPA includes soft add/soft drop/soft replacement of HS-DSCH associated channel, HS-DSCH service cell change, channel type change due to different capabilities between source cell and target cell during the handover process. The strategy of soft add/soft drop/soft replacement of HS-DSCH associated channel is described in "strategy of intra-frequency handover#. The HS-DSCH service cell change and channel type change are special handover strategies that make HSDPA different from the R99 (DCH) handover. The specific principles are: 1 HS-DSCH->DCH If the HS-DSCH is used before the handover and the link to be deleted for 1B event triggering/radio link failure happens to be the service cell of HS-DSCH, and also the cells in the active set do not support acceptance through HS-DSCH, a decision of soft handover together with HS-DSCH transferring to DCH is made. If the HS-DSCH is used before the handover and the 1C event is triggered, the cell to be replaced is the HS-DSCH service cell and also the cells in the new active set do not support acceptance through HS-DSCH, a decision of soft handover together with HS-DSCH transferring to DCH is made. If the HS-DSCH is used before the handover and the 1D event triggers intrafrequency hard handover and the target cell does not support acceptance through HS-DSCH, a decision of intra-frequency hard handover together with HS-DSCH transferring to DCH is made. DCH->HS-DSCH The current service of UE includes HSDPA and also the DCH is used before the handover. If the 1D event triggers intra-frequency hard handover and the target cell supports acceptance through HS-DSCH, a decision of intra-frequency hard handover together with DCH transferring to HS-DSCH is made. The current service of UE includes HSDPA, the DCH is used before the handover and also the best cell in the active set supports HSDPA. If the downlink traffic increases to trigger the 4A event (refer to ZTE UMTS DRBC Algorithm Feature Description for details), a decision of handover from DCH to HS-DSCH is made. HS->DSCH->HS-DSCH

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If the HS-DSCH is used before the handover and the 1D event triggers intrafrequency hard handover and the target cell supports acceptance through HSDSCH, a decision of intra-frequency hard handover together with HS-DSCH service cell change is made. If the HS-DSCH is used before the handover and the link to be deleted for 1B event triggering/radio link failure happens to be the service cell of HS-DSCH, and also there are cells in the active set that support acceptance through HS-DSCH, a decision of soft handover together with HS-DSCH change is made. If the 1C/1D event triggers soft handover, the cell to be replaced is the HS-DSCH service cell and also the cells in the new active set support acceptance through HS-DSCH, a decision of soft handover together with HS-DSCH change is made.

In the above described processes, the 1D event may trigger ping-pong handover that leads to frequent change of service cell. To avoid this, a time threshold (T1d) is configured and changes of service cell should occur at an interval longer than this threshold.

9.3

Inter-frequency Handover
The conditions for triggering the inter-frequency handover of HDSPA are described in "inter-frequency handover strategy#. The HS-DSCH service cell change or channel type change always happens in the handover process. The principles are as follow: 1 HS-DSCH->DCH The current service of UE includes HSDPA and also the HS-DSCH is used before the handover. If the original decision is to trigger an inter-frequency handover (measurement-based or blind handover) and also the target cell does not support acceptance through HS-DSCH, a decision of inter-frequency hard handover together with HS-DSCH transferring to DCH is made. 2 DCH->HS-DSCH The current service of UE includes HSDPA and also the DCH is used before the handover. If the original decision is to trigger an inter-frequency handover (measurement-based or blind handover) and also the target cell supports acceptance through HS-DSCH, a decision of inter-frequency hard handover together with DCH transferring to HS-DSCH is made. 3 HS-DSCH->HS-DSCH The current service of UE includes HSDPA and also the HS-DSCH is used before the handover. If the original decision is to trigger an inter-frequency handover (measurement-based or blind handover) and also the target cell supports acceptance through HS-DSCH, a decision of inter-frequency hard handover together with HS-DSCH service cell change is made. 4 Handover of HS-DSCH between Iur interfaces

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Handover Control Feature Description

For the hard handover of HS-DSCH between Iur interfaces, the handover strategy is the same as the handover inside the RNC if the target cell supports HS-DSCH. But if the target cell does not support HS-DSCH, the HS-DSCH/DCH should fall back to DCH/DCH first, and then the hard handover between lur interfaces and redirection flow can be performed.

9.4

Inter-RAT Handover
Two strategies are available for handovers between HSDPA systems: UTRAN>GSM/GERAN strategy and GSM/GERAN -> UTRAN strategy. 1 UTRAN->GSM/GERAN The HSDPA service is included and then the same handover flow as that for between R99 systems is performed. GSM/GERAN -> UTRAN The strategy is similar to that when a service accesses the system for the first time. If both service and target cell support HS-DSCH/DCH, the service is established directly on HS-DSCH/DCH, otherwise try DCH/DCH.

10

HSUPA-related special strategy


If in the handover process, the channel type changes from non-DCH to DCH, the handover is accepted according to the target rate of DCH, that is, the guaranteed bit rate of the current service while the handover occurs or the minimum rate of DRBC (refer to ZTE UMTS DRBC Algorithm Feature Description for details).

10.1

Overview
HSUPA is developed on the basis of HSDPA. An HSUPA network element (UE, RNC or NodeB) that supports HSUPA will also supports HSDPA. That is, if E-DCH is adopted in uplink, HS-DSCH is adopted in downlink without doubt. Therefore, HSUPA supports five types of cells (HspaSptMeth): (1) cells that support HSUPA and HSDPA; (2) cells that support HSUPA, HSDPA and DCH; (3) cells that support HSDPA and DCH; (4) cells that support HSDPA only; (5) cells that do not support HSUPA or HSDPA. For the cells that support HSUPA and HSDPA, the E-DCH is used in uplink and the HS-DSCH is used in downlink. The DPCH is used as associated channel. For the cells that support HSUPA, HSDPA and DCH, the E-DCH or DCH is used in uplink and the HS-DSCH or DCH is used in downlink. The DPCH is used as associated channel or allocated to users who do not use HSUPA or HSDPA. The service types supported by HSUPA are HSPA services if they can be carried by HSUPA or HSDPA (HSUPA and HSDPA are equivalent as far as the services are concerned). Otherwise they are NHSPA services. The HSPA services should be accepted first through E-DCH and HS-DSCH in cells that support HSUPA and HSDPA, cells that support HSDPA only, cells that support HSUPA, HSDPA and DCH and cells that support HSDPA and DCH (HspaSptMeth). If E-DCH and HS-DSCH fail to accept

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the services, the HSPA services should be accepted through DCH in cells that support HSUPA, HSDPA and DCH, cells that support HSDPA and DCH or cells that do not support HSUPA or HSDPA. The NHSPA services can only be accepted through DCH in cells that support HSUPA, HSDPA and DCH, cells that support HSDPA and DCH or cells that do not support HSUPA or HSDPA. The maximum number of cells allowed in the E-DCH active set in the process of HSUPA soft handover is controlled by the parameter MaxNumOfEdchAct. After HSUPA is introduced, the inter-RNC handover also depends on the capability of office direction RNC to support HSUPA (RncFeatSwitch) because neighbor cells feature varying support capabilities (HspaSptMeth). That is, only if both the target cell and target RNC (office direction RNC) support HSUPA, the E-DCHE-DCH handover can be performed. Otherwise, the DCHDCH handover flow cannot be originated until EDCH falls back to DCH. The channel transfer is performed along with handover. Different channel transfer situations are described in the following based on different handover types.

10.2

Intra-frequency Handover
The intra-frequency handover of HDUPA includes soft add/soft drop/soft replacement of E-DCH associated channel, E-DCH service cell change, channel type change due to different capabilities between source cell and target cell during the handover process. The strategy of soft add/soft drop/soft replacement of E-DCH associated channel is described in "strategy of intra-frequency handover#. The E-DCH service cell change and channel type change are special handover strategies that make HSUPA different from the R99 (DCH) handover. The specific principles are: 1 HS-DSCH/E-DCH->DCH/DCH If the link to be deleted for 1B event triggering/radio link failure happens to be the service cell of HS-DSCH/E-DCH, and also the cells in the active set do not support acceptance through HS-DSCH/E-DCH or HS-DSCH/DCH, a decision of soft handover together with HS-DSCH/E-DCH transferring to DCH/DCH is made. If the 1C event is triggered, the cell to be replaced is the HS-DSCH/E-DCH service cell and also the cells in the new active set do not support acceptance through HSDSCH/E-DCH, a decision of soft handover together with HS-DSCH/E-DCH transferring to DCH/DCH is made. If the 1D event is triggered, the best cell changes from HS-DSCH/E-DCH service cell to a cell that does not support HS-DSCH/E-DCH, a decision of intra-frequency hard handover together with HS-DSCH/E-DCH transferring to DCH/DCH is made. DCH/DCH->HS-DSCH/E-DCH The current service of UE includes HSPA and also the DCH/DCH is used before the handover. If the 1D event triggers intra-frequency hard handover and the target cell supports acceptance through HS-DSCH/E-DCH, a decision of intra-frequency hard handover together with DCH/DCH transferring to HS-DSCH/E-DCH is made.

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Handover Control Feature Description

The current service of UE includes HSPA, the current channel type is DCH/DCH, and also the best cell in the active set supports HSDPA. If the downlink or uplink traffic increases to trigger the 4A event (refer to ZTE UMTS DRBC Algorithm Feature Description for details), a decision of handover from DCH/DCH to HSDSCH/E-DCH is made. HS-DSCH/E-DCH->HS-DSCH/E-DCH If the 1D event triggers intra-frequency hard handover and the target cell supports acceptance through HS-DSCH/E-DCH, a decision of intra-frequency hard handover together with HS-DSCH/E-DCH service cell change is made.Refer to 2.1.2 Intrafrequency Hard Handover for the scenario where the intra-frequency hard handover is triggered. If the link to be deleted for 1B event triggering/radio link failure happens to be the service cell of HS-DSCH/E-DCH, and also there are cells in the active set that support acceptance through HS-DSCH/E-DCH, a decision of soft handover together with HS-DSCH/E-DCH service cell change is made. If the 1C/1D event triggers soft handover, the cell to be replaced is the HS-DSCH/E-DCH service cell and also the cells in the new active set support acceptance through HS-DSCH/EDCH, a decision of soft handover together with HS-DSCH/E-DCH change is made. HS-DSCH/E-DCH->HS-DSCH/DCH If the link to be deleted for 1B event triggering/radio link failure happens to be the service cell of HS-DSCH/E-DCH, and also the cells in the active set supports HSDSCH/DCH instead of HS-DSCH/E-DCH, a decision of soft handover together with HS-DSCH/E-DCH transferring to HS-DSCH/DCH is made. If the 1C event is triggered, the cell to be replaced is the HS-DSCH/E-DCH service cell and also the cells in the new active set supports HS-DSCH/DCH instead of HSDSCH/E-DCH, a decision of soft handover together with HS-DSCH/E-DCH transferring to HS-DSCH/DCH is made. If the 1D event is triggered, the best cell changes from HS-DSCH/E-DCH service cell to a cell that supports HS-DSCH/DCH instead of HS-DSCH/E-DCH, a decision of intra-frequency hard handover together with HS-DSCH/E-DCH transferring to HS-DSCH/DCH is made. HS-DSCH/DCH->HS-DSCH/E-DCH The current service of UE includes HSPA service and also the HS-DSCH/DCH is used before the handover. If the 1D event is triggered, the best cell changes from HS-DSCH/DCH service cell to a cell that supports HS-DSCH/E-DCH, a decision of intra-frequency hard handover together with HS-DSCH/DCH transferring to HSDSCH/E-DCH is made.

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10.3

Inter-frequency Handover
The conditions for triggering the inter-frequency handover of HDSPA are described in "inter-frequency handover strategy#. The HS-DSCH service cell change or channel type change always happens in the handover process. The principles are as follow: 1 HS-DSCH/E-DCH->DCH/DCH The current service of UE includes HSPA and also the HS-DSCH/E-DCH is used before the handover. If the original decision is to trigger an inter-frequency handover (measurement-based or blind handover) and also the target cell does not support acceptance through HS-DSCH/E-DCH or HS-DSCH/DCH, a decision of inter-frequency hard handover together with HS-DSCH/E-DCH transferring to DCH/DCH is made. 2 DCH/DCH->HS-DSCH/E-DCH The current service of UE includes HSPA and also the DCH/DCH is used before the handover. If the original decision is to trigger an inter-frequency handover (measurement-based or blind handover) and also the target cell supports acceptance through HS-DSCH/E-DCH, a decision of inter-frequency hard handover together with DCH/DCH transferring to HS-DSCH/E-DCH is made. 3 HS-DSCH/E-DCH->HS-DSCH/E-DCH The current service of UE includes HSPA and also the HS-DSCH/E-DCH is used before the handover. If the original decision is to trigger an inter-frequency handover (measurement-based or blind handover) and also the target cell supports acceptance through HS-DSCH/E-DCH, a decision of inter-frequency hard handover together with HS-DSCH/E-DCH service cell change is made. 4 HS-DSCH/E-DCH->HS-DSCH/DCH The current service of UE includes HSPA and also the HS-DSCH/E-DCH is used before the handover. If the original decision is to trigger an inter-frequency handover (measurement-based or blind handover) and also the target cell supports acceptance through HS-DSCH/DCH instead of HS-DSCH/E-DCH, a decision of inter-frequency hard handover together with HS-DSCH/E-DCH transferring to HSDSCH/DCH is made. 5 HS-DSCH/DCH->HS-DSCH/E-DCH The current service of UE includes HSPA and also theHS-DSCH/DCH is used before the handover. If the original decision is to trigger an inter-frequency handover (measurement-based or blind handover) and also the target cell supports acceptance through HS-DSCH/E-DCH, a decision of inter-frequency hard handover together with HS-DSCH/DCH transferring to HS-DSCH/E-DCH is made. 6 Handover of HS-DSCH between Iur interfaces For the hard handover of E-DCH between Iur interfaces, the handover strategy is the same as the handover inside the RNC if the target cell supports E-DCH. But if the target cell does not support E-DCH, the E-DCH should fall back to DCH first, and then the hard handover between lur interfaces and redirection flow can be performed.

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10.4

Inter-RAT Handover
1 UTRAN->GSM/GERAN The HSPA service is included, and then the same handover flow as that for between R99 systems is performed. 2 GSM/GERAN -> UTRAN Similar to the handover between R99 systems, if the target cell support HSDSCH/E-DCH, the service is established directly on HS-DSCH/E-DCH.

11

MBMS-related special strategy


After the MBMS is introduced, the cell type (MbmsSuptInd) can be defined as follows: Cells that do not support MBMS (Not Support). Cells that support both MBMS and non-MBMS (Support MBMS and not MBMS). Cells that support MBMS only (Only Support MBMS).

11.1

Intra-frequency Handover
1 The soft add strategy does not consider whether the soft add cell belongs to the service area or whether it supports the MBMS in the case of 1A/1C soft add. That is, the strategy is similar to that for the non-MBMS case. 1B/1C or the link is deleted due to radio link failure: For the MBMS service has set up p-t-p bearer but the link is deleted, if the best cell does not belong to MBMS service area, the best cell does not support the MBMS service, the best cell has set up the p-t-m bearer, or the best cell is not the convergence carrier of the service, then p-t-p RB is released. For the MBMS service has not set up p-t-p bearer but the MBMS service connection already exists, the best cell belongs to MBMS service area, the best cell supports the MBMS service, the bearer type strategy needs to set up the p-t-m bearer and the carrier can set up the bearer of the service, then p-t-p RB is set up. The principle of the type change in the bearer of the MBMS service in the active set under the macro diversity.

Table 3

Table of Principle Cell Type Best cell Non best cell No change Principles of Change Delete the p-t-p

Bearer Change Type p-t-p->p-t-m

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p-t-m ->p-t-p

Best cell Non best cell

Set up p-t-p: If the channel of the service is DCH, then set up p-t-p for all cells in the active set; if the channel of the service is HS-DSCH, then set up p-t-p in the best cell. No change

To avoid ping-pong switchover between p-t-p and p-t-m, a time threshold (T1d) is configured and any swichover should occur at an interval longer than this threshold.

11.2

Inter-frequency Handover
When UE reports MBMS MODIFIED REQUEST and the information of MBMS preferred frequency request is carried, 1 If the target carrier comes with a cell with the same coverage (included: the expected frequency layer cell includes the current working frequency cell) and the cell belongs to the service area and supports the MBMS, and also the target cell is able to allocate the resource of currently established dedicated bearer, then the cell with the same coverage at the frequency layer can be taken as the target cell to perform the hard handover. If the target carrier does not come with a cell with the same coverage (included), the neighbor cell of the current cell in the UE&s active set includes the neighbor cell (neighboring or being included) that is at the MBMS preferred frequency layer corresponding to the MBMS service expected to be received and the neighbor cell belongs to the service area and supports MBMS, then inter-frequency measurement 2A/2B/2C is started for UE. When the 2A/2B/2C event reported by UE is received, the cells that do not support MBMS are screened out and a proper cell is taken for the hard handover.

No treatment is performed if UE does not carry the information of MBMS preferred frequency request in the MBMS MODIFIED REQUEST.

12
12.1
12.1.1

parameters and configurations


Intra-Frequency Handover Parameters
Parameter List
Field Name MeasPrio DetSetHoSwch RptRange [MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT] W[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT] Hysteresis[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT] Name on the Interface Measurement Priority of Neighboring Cell Detected Set Handover Switch Reporting Range Constant for Event 1A/1B Weight for Event 1A/1B Hysteresis

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FilterCoeff(Intra) TrigTime[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT] PrdRptAmount PrdRptInterval CellIndivOffset(utranCell) CellIndivOffset(utranRelation) RptDeactThr RplcActThr TrfCatIntraMIdx(CIntra)

Filter Coefficient Time to Trigger Amount of reporting Reporting Interval in Period Report Criteria Cell individual offset Cell individual offset Reporting Deactivation Threshold for Event 1A Replacement Activation Threshold for Event 1C and 1J Intra-frequency Measurement Configuration Index Related to Traffic Category

TrfCatIntraMIdx(utranCell) IntraMeasCfgNo MeaEvtId[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_EVENT] TrfCategory EvtMeasEcNo EvtMeasDctEcNo IntraMeasCfgNote MeasRptTrMod MeasQuantity EcN0RptInd RscpRptInd PathlossRptInd RptCrt MeasEvtNum ThreshUsedFreq[MAX_INTRA_MEAS_E VENT] MaxNumOfAct StateMode ReadSFNInd SoftHoMth IntraMeasQuan Intra-frequency Measurement Configuration Index Intra-frequency Measurement Event ID Service and Bearer Type Used for Differentiating Handover Configuration UE Event Report Configuration Index for CPICH Ec/No Detected Set Measurement Configuration Index for CPICH Ec/No Function of Configuration Parameters Measurement Report Transfer Mode Measurement quantity CPICH Ec/No Reporting Indicator CPICH RSCP Reporting Indicator Pathloss reporting indicator Report Criteria Event Number of Intra-frequency Measurement Threshold of the Quality of the Used Frequency for Event 1E/1F Maximum Number of Cells Within DCH Active Set UE State Indicator Used for UTRAN Neighboring Cell Configuration Read SFN Indicator Soft Handover Method UTRAN Measurement Quantity for Intrafrequency Measurements

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EvtMeasDctRSCP PrdMeasEcNo PrdMeasRSCP EvtMeasRSCP EvtRptInterval EvtRptAmount FbdCellInd PcpichPwrPre RlRefTimeAjtSwit TimeDelay ATimeDelay RncFeatSwitch

Detected Set Measurement Configuration Index for CPICH RSCP UE Periodic Measurement Configuration Index for CPICH Ec/No UE Periodic Measurement Configuration Index for CPICH RSCP UE Event Report Configuration Index for CPICH RSCP Reporting Interval for Event 1A/1B/1C/1J Amount of Reporting for Event 1A/1B/1C/1J Forbidden Cell Indicator for Event 1A/1B Primary CPICH Power Configuration Tag Switch for RL Reference Time Adjust During Diversity Mode Transport Time Delay(NodeB) Transport Time Delay(externalUtranCell) Neighbouring RNC Feather Switch

12.1.2
12.1.2.1

Parameter Configuration
Measurement Priority of Neighboring Cell
OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Neighbouring Cell->Neighbouring Cell XXX-> Measurement Priority of Neighboring Cell Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the measurement priority of the neighbouring cell. The priority of the neighbouring cell can be set to 0, 1, or 2, of which, 0 represents the highest priority and 2 represents the lowest priority. The priority of the neighbouring is set by the configuration personnel according to the signal strength and distance of the neighboring cell. The neighbouring cells with the priority ranked the 33rd or after are placed in the neighboring cell reservation list. When the number of cells in the neighbouring cell list is less than 32, the cell(s) with higher priority in the neighbouring cell reservation list are placed to the neighbouring cell list.

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12.1.2.2

Detected Set Handover Switch


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Modify Advanced Parameter->Utran Cell>Detected Set Handover Switch Parameter Configuration

The measurement control message that contains the detected set information is sent only when the DetSetHO switch of the best cell in the current active set is set to 1 and the current number of intra-frequency neighbouring cells is less than 32.

12.1.2.3

Reporting Range Constant for Event 1A/1B


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Intra-frquence Measurement Configuration->Reporting Range Constant Event 1A/1B(dB) Parameter Configuration

Event 1A is easier to be triggered when the reporting range constant for event 1A is set to a larger value; and vice verse. Event 1B is easier to be triggered when the reporting range constant for event 1B is set to a smaller value; and vice verse.

12.1.2.4

Weight for Event 1A/1B


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Intra-frquence Measurement Configuration-> Weight for Event 1A/1B Parameter Configuration

This parameter is used for the quality judgment of event 1A and 1B. This parameter indicates the weight of the best cell in the quality judgment and is related to the measurement quantity and the event type. See the description of the formula for triggering event 1A/1B in section 4.3 for the effects of this parameter on the quality judgment.

12.1.2.5

Hysteresis(Intra)
OMC Path

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Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Intra-frquence Measurement Configuration-> Hysteresis Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the hysteresis when judging whether to trigger the event. This parameter avoids the change of the trigger status due to very small change. This parameter is related to the measurement quantity and the event type. If a small hysteresis is configured, the corresponding event will be reported in a higher probability; and vice versa.

12.1.2.6

Filter Coefficient(Intra)
OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Intra-frquence Measurement Configuration-> Filter Coefficient Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the filtering factor that UE performs the L3 filtering on the measurement results of the intra-frequency measurement. The smaller the value of the filtering factor is, the larger effect the current measurement result will have on the measurement result reported to RNC (periodical report) or the judgment (event report).

12.1.2.7

Time to Trigger(Intra)
OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Intra-frquence Measurement Configuration-> Time to Trigger Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the time difference between the time that the event generation is detected and the time that the event is reported. The event is triggered and the measurement report is reported only when the event generation is detected and still meets the requirements of event triggering after Time to trigger. The larger the value is, the stricter the judgment is for the event to be triggered. The parameter should be configured according to the actual requirements.

12.1.2.8

Amount of Reporting in Period Report Criteria


OMC Path

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Handover Control Feature Description

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Intra-frquence Measurement Configuration-> Amount of Reporting in Period Report Criteria Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the times of the periodical reports to be reported. In the case of the UE side, the value is used for the determination of whether to report the measurement report in reporting the periodical report. If the UE detects that the times of event reporting exceeds the value of Amount of reporting, UE stops reporting the measurement results.

12.1.2.9

Reporting Interval in Period Report Criteria


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Intra-frquence Measurement Configuration-> Reporting Interval in Period Report Criteria(ms) Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the interval of periodical reporting specified in the periodical reporting criteria. In the case of the periodical reporting, the UE reports the measurement reports in the period indicated by the parameter.

12.1.2.10

Cell individual offset(utranCell)


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Modify Advanced Parameter->Utran Cell>Cell Individual Offset(dB) Parameter Configuration

This parameter defines the individual offset of cells in the active set relative to other cells. When the value is positive, a positive value is added to the measurement result. If the value is negative, a negative value is added to the measurement result. Refer to the description of the formula for triggering event 1B/1C/1d in section 4.3 for the effect of this parameter on the measurement report. Through the configuration of the individual offset of a single cell, the trigger difficulty of the cell can be adjusted to meet the practical requirements of network planning without the need to modify the global handover parameters.

12.1.2.11

Cell individual offset(utranRelation)


OMC Path

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Handover Control Feature Description

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Neighbouring Cell->Neighbouring Cell XXX->Modify Advanced Parameter->Cell Individual Offset(dB) Parameter Configuration

This parameter defines the individual offset of cells outside the active set relative to other cells. When the value is positive, a positive value is added to the measurement result. If the value is negative, a negative value is added to the measurement result. Refer to the description of the formula for triggering event 1A/1C/1d in section 4.3 for the effect of this parameter on the measurement report. Through the configuration of the individual offset of a single cell, the trigger difficulty of the cell can be adjusted to meet the practical requirements of network planning without the need to modify the global handover parameters.

12.1.2.12

Reporting Deactivation Threshold for Event 1A


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Intra-frquence Measurement Configuration-> Reporting Deactivation Threshold for Event 1A Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the maximum number of the cells allowed in the active set. When the UE detects that one cell in the monitoring set satisfies the trigger threshold of event 1A, it determines whether the number of the cells in the current active set greater than the value indicated by this parameter at first. If yes, the event 1A is not triggered.

12.1.2.13

Replacement Activation Threshold for Event 1C and 1J


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Intra-frquence Measurement Configuration-> Replacement Activation Threshold for Event 1C and 1J Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the minimum number of the cell allowed in the DCH active set when triggering event 1C or in the E-DCH active set when triggering event 1j. When UE detects that the measurement result of a cell satisfies the trigger threshold of event 1c/1j, it first judges whether the number of cells in the current active set is smaller than the value indicated by this parameter. If yes, event 1C/1j is not triggered.

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12.1.2.14

Intra-frequency Measurement Category(CIntra)


OMC Path

Configuration

Index

Related

to

Traffic

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Intra-frequency Measurement Relative to Traffic Category Configuration Information->Intra-frequency Measurement Configuration Index Related to Traffic Category Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the index of the intra-frequency measurement configuration based on traffic type. Each traffic type corresponds to a unique intra-frequency measurement configuration index. If multiple sets of handover parameters are configured, each cell may use different index. Hence, the intra-frequency handover parameters of the cells may be different from each other.

12.1.2.15

Intra-frequency Measurement Category(UtranCell)


OMC Path

Configuration

Index

Related

to

Traffic

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Modify Advanced Parameter->Utran Cell>Intra-frequency Measurement Configuration Index Related to Traffic Category Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the index of the intra-frequency measurement configuration based on traffic type. Each traffic type corresponds to a unique intra-frequency measurement configuration index. If multiple sets of handover parameters are configured, each cell may use different index. Hence, the intra-frequency handover parameters of the cells may be different from each other.

12.1.2.16

Intra-frequency Measurement Configuration Index


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Intra-frquence Measurement Configuration-> Intra-frequency Measurement Configuration Index Parameter Configuration

Each intra-frequency measurement configuration with different measurement purpose and measurement quantity is assigned with a unique intra-frequency measurement configuration index. This parameter indicates the index of the intra-frequency measurement configuration. This configuration index is cited in the table Intra-frequency measurement configuration relationship of the service type-related UE.

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Handover Control Feature Description

That is, the parameter Intra-frequency Measurement Configuration Index Related to Traffic Category (namely TrfCatIntraMIdx) is cited in the advanced parameter of the serving cell and different Intra-frequency Measurement Configuration Indexes (namely IntraMeasCfgNo) can be selected aiming at the specific service type, measurement purpose, and measurement quantity. Hence, this parameter can be used to meet the various requirements of network planning.

12.1.2.17

Intra-frequency Measurement Event ID


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Intra-frquence Measurement Configuration-> Intra-frequency event identity Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the identity of the event triggered by the intra-frequency measurement (1A~1D).

12.1.2.18

Service and Bearer Type Used for Differentiating Handover Configuration


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Intra-frequency Measurement Relative to Traffic Category Configuration Information->Service and Bearer Type Used for Differentiating Handover Configuration Parameter Configuration

All the services are classified into eight categories according to the real-time attribute of services, channel type, and service quantity. This parameter indicates the service and bearer type. The handover parameters can be configured flexibly for different scenarios and the parameters may have different handover trigger thresholds and hysteresis. The value 0xff (Not Related to Service Type) is exclusive used in the measurement of the detected set.

12.1.2.19

UE Event Report Configuration Index for CPICH Ec/No


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Intra-frequency Measurement Relative to Traffic Category Configuration Information->UE Event Report Configuration Index for CPICH Ec/No Parameter Configuration

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This parameter indicates the index of the intra-frequency measurement configuration for event reporting judgment by the UE when the measurement quantity is CPICH Ec/No.

Table 4 Default Value of the UE Intra-frequency Measurement Configuration Parameters Related to Traffic Category

Default Value 1

Default Value 2

Default Value 3

Default Value 5

Default Value 6

Default Value 7

Default Value 8 1 7 0 2 5 7 10 11

TrfCatIntraMIdx TrfCategory PrdMeasEcNo EvtMeasEcNo PrdMeasRSCP EvtMeasRSCP EVTMEASDCTECN O EVTMEASDCTRSCP

1 0 0 2 5 7 10 11

1 1 0 2 5 7 10 11

1 2 0 2 5 7 10 11

1 3 0 2 5 7 10 11

1 4 0 2 5 7 10 11

1 5 0 2 5 7 10 11

1 6 0 2 5 7 10 11

1 0xff 0 2 5 7 10 11

12.1.2.20

Period Report Configuration Index for CPICH Ec/No


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Intra-frequency Measurement Relative to Traffic Category Configuration Information->Period Report Configuration Index for CPICH Ec/No Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the index of the intra-frequency measurement configuration for periodic reporting by the UE when the measurement quantity is CPICH Ec/No.

12.1.2.21

Period Report Configuration Index for CPICH RSCP


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Intra-frequency Measurement Relative to Traffic Category Configuration Information->Period Report Configuration Index for CPICH RSCP Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the index of the intra-frequency measurement configuration for periodic reporting by the UE when the measurement quantity is CPICH RSCP.

12.1.2.22

UE Event Report Configuration Index for CPICH RSCP


OMC Path

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Default Value 9

Default Value 4

Field Name

Handover Control Feature Description

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Intra-frequency Measurement Relative to Traffic Category Configuration Information-> UE Event Report Configuration Index for CPICH RSCP Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the index of the intra-frequency measurement configuration for event reporting judgment by the UE when the measurement quantity is CPICH RSCP.

12.1.2.23

Detected Set Measurement Configuration Index for CPICH Ec/No


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Intra-frequency Measurement Relative to Traffic Category Configuration Information->Detected Set Measurement Configuration Index for CPICH Ec/No Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the configuration index of the set of intra-frequency measurement parameters when measurement quantity of the detected set cell is CPICH Ec/No.

12.1.2.24

Detected Set Measurement Configuration Index for CPICH RSCP


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Intra-frequency Measurement Relative to Traffic Category Configuration Information->Detected Set Measurement Configuration Index for CPICH RSCP Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the configuration index of the set of intra-frequency measurement parameters when measurement quantity of the detected set cell is CPICH RSCP.

12.1.2.25

Function of Configuration Parameters


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Intra-frquence Measurement Configuration-> Function of Configuration Parameters Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the purpose and functions of the set of intra-frequency measurement configuration parameters.

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Handover Control Feature Description

12.1.2.26

Measurement Report Transfer Mode


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Intra-frquence Measurement Configuration-> Measurement Report Transfer Mode Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the transfer mode of the measurement quantity: acknowledge mode or unacknowledged mode.

12.1.2.27

Measurement quantity
OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Intra-frquence Measurement Configuration-> Measurement quantity Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the measurement quantity of the intra-frequency measurement that UE performs. If a new intra-frequency measurement configuration index is added, the measurement quantity is fixed when the functions of the set of the intra-frequency measurement parameters is selected. For example, when the parameter IntraMeasCfgNote is set to UE Event Report Parameters for CPICH Ec/No, the value of MeasQuantity is set to the corresponding CPICH Ec/No.

12.1.2.28

CPICH Ec/No Reporting Indicator


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Intra-frquence Measurement Configuration-> CPICH Ec/No Reporting Indicator Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates whether the UE should report the measurement result based on the measurement quantity CPICH Ec/No. This parameter is associated with the parameter MeasQuantity. When MeasQuantity is set to 0, the parameter EcN0RptInd must be set to TRUE.

12.1.2.29

CPICH RSCP Reporting Indicator


OMC Path

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Handover Control Feature Description

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Intra-frquence Measurement Configuration-> CPICH RSCP Reporting Indicator Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates whether the UE should report the measurement result based on the measurement quantity CPICH RSCP. This parameter is associated with the parameter MeasQuantity. When MeasQuantity is set to 1, the parameter RscpRptInd must be set to TRUE.

12.1.2.30

Pathloss Reporting Indicator


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Intra-frquence Measurement Configuration-> Pathloss reporting indicator Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates whether the UE should report the measurement result based on the measurement quantity pathloss.

12.1.2.31

Report Criteria
OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Intra-frquence Measurement Configuration-> Report Criteria Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the reporting criteria of the intra-frequency measurement, including the event reporting criteria and the periodical reporting criteria.

12.1.2.32

Event Number of Intra-frequency Measurement


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Intra-frquence Measurement Configuration-> Event Number of Intra-frequency Measurement Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the number of events that should be configured for the set of the intra-frequency measurement parameters for a certain purpose. The value is related

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Handover Control Feature Description

to the purpose of the measurement and the judgment method and the algorithm of the soft handover.

12.1.2.33

Threshold of the Quality of the Used Frequency for Event 1E/1F


OMC Path

Interface Path:View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Intra-frquence Measurement Configuration->Threshold of the Quality of the Used Frequency for Event 1E/1F Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the absolute threshold used for judging event 1e/1f by using carrier frequency.

12.1.2.34

Maximum Number of Cells Within DCH Active Set


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Modify Advanced Parameter->RNC Radio Resource Management>Maximum Number of Cells Within DCH Active Set Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the maximum number of cells allowed in the DCH active set. The default value of the parameter is 3.

12.1.2.35

UE State Indicator Used for UTRAN Neighboring Cell Configuration


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Neighbouring Cell->Neighbouring Cell XXX->UE State Indicator Used for UTRAN Neighboring Cell Configuration Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the UE status used for the neighboring cell. When the neighbouring cell is configured by the status, the neighbouring cell list used for reselection in nondedicated mode and the neighbouring cell list used for handover in dedicated mode are differentiated as follows: When SIB11 is to be sent, the UE selects the cell that supports the idle state or the connected (Non-Cell_DCH) state from the neighboring cells list and fills in SIB11; When SIB12 is to be sent, the UE selects the cell that supports the connected (NonCell_DCH) state from the neighboring cells list and fills in SIB12;

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88

Handover Control Feature Description

When the measurement control message is to be sent, the UE selects the cell that supports the Cell_DCH state from the neighboring cells list.

12.1.2.36

Read SFN Indicator


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Neighbouring Cell->Neighbouring Cell XXX -> Modify Advanced Parameter->Read SFN Indicator Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates whether to read the SFN of the neighbouring cell.In the case of the intra-frequency neighbouring cell, the recommended configuration is True (Read); in the case of the inter-frequency neighbouring cell, the recommended configuration is False (Do not read).

12.1.2.37

Soft Handover Method


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Modify Advanced Parameter->Utran Cell>Soft Handover Method Parameter Configuration

The parameter indicates the soft handover method (periodical method or event method) that should be used in the current cell. The event method is recommended.

12.1.2.38

UTRAN Measurement Quantity for Intra-frequency Measurements


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Modify Advanced Parameter->Utran Cell>UTRAN Measurement Quantity for Intra-frequency Measurements Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the measurement quantity (Ec/No or RSCP) for the intrafrequency measurement of the cell. The measurement quantity Ec/No is recommended.

12.1.2.39

Reporting Interval for Event 1A/1B/1C/1J


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Intra-frquence Measurement Configuration-> Reporting Interval for Event 1A/1B/1C/1J

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89

Handover Control Feature Description

Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the reporting interval for event 1A/1B/1C/1J. Once Event 1A/1C meets the reporting range of quality standards, the UE will report Event 1A/1C periodically (EvtRptInterval) until this event does not meet reporting conditions or the reporting times reach the maximum allowed times (EvtRptAmount).

12.1.2.40

Amount of Reporting for Event 1A/1B/1C/1J


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Intra-frquence Measurement Configuration-> Amount of Reporting for Event 1A/1B/1C/1J Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the reporting amount for event 1A/1B/1C/1J. Once Event 1A/1C meets the reporting range of quality standards, the UE will report Event 1A/1C periodically (EvtRptInterval) until this event does not meet reporting conditions or the reporting times reach the maximum allowed times (EvtRptAmount).

12.1.2.41

Forbidden Cell Indicator for Event 1A/1B


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Neighbouring Cell-> Neighbouring Cell XXX ->Modify Advanced Parameter->Forbidden Cell Indicator for Event 1A/1B Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates whether the cell is effect while evaluating the intra-frequency 1A/1B event

12.1.2.42

Primary CPICH Power Configuration Tag


OMC Path

Interface Path: View-> View->Configuration Management->RNC ME->RNC Radio Resource Management->External Utran Cell-> External Utran CellXXX->Global Else>Primary CPICH Power Configuration Tag Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates whether PCPICH transmission power is configured. PCPICH transmission power is valid when this parameter is set "True#. Otherwise, PCPICH transmission power is invalid.

12.1.2.43

Switch for RL Reference Time Adjust During Diversity Mode


OMCR Interface

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->RNC Radio Resource Management->

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90

Handover Control Feature Description

Switch for RL Reference Time Adjust During Diversity Mode Parameter Configuration

When the switch is closed, RNC will not send measurement control of 6F/6G to UE; when it is open, RNC may send measurement control of 6F/6G.

12.1.2.44

Transport Time Delay(NodeB)


OMCR Interface

Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> NodeB Configureation Informationxxx-> Modify Advanced Parameter-> Transport Time Delay Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the Iub transport time delay, it could be 20ms/100ms/250ms.

12.1.2.45

Transport Time Delay(externalUtranCell)


OMCR Interface

Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->External UTRAN Cell -> External UTRAN Cell XXX->-> Modify Advanced Parameter-> Transport Time Delay Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the iub transport time delay of external utran cell, it could be 20ms/100ms/250ms.

12.1.2.46

Neighbouring RNC Feather Switch


OMCR Interface

Path: View->Configuration Management ->RNC NE->RNC Ground Resource Management->Transmission Configuration->NE Information Configuration->RNC:xx >Adjacent RNC Office-> Rnc Config Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the feature of neighbouring RNC. Bit4"0 means DSCR is not used for inter-RNC handover of HSPA service; Bit4"1 means DSCR may be used for inter-RNC handover of HSPA service.

12.2
12.2.1

Inter-Frequency Handover Parameters


Parameter List
Field Name Name on the Interface

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91

Handover Control Feature Description

MeasPrio ULMaxSIR UlBlerHoSwch UlPwrHoSwch DlPwrHoSwch UseOfHCS HcsPrio(utranCell) HcsPrio(externalUtranCell ) Tfast Nfast Tslowjudge Tslow Nslow InterHoTactic FilterCoeff(Inter) ThreshUsedFreq[MAX_IN TER_MEAS_EVENT] Wused[MAX_INTER_MEA S_EVENT] Hysteresis[MAX_INTER_ MEAS_EVENT] TrigTime[MAX_INTER_M EAS_EVENT] ThreshNoUsedFreq[MAX_ INTER_MEAS_EVENT] WNoUsed[MAX_INTER_ MEAS_EVENT] PrdRptInterval ShareCover MaxDlDpchPwr TrfCatInterMIdx(CInter) TrfCatInterMIdx(utranCell) InterMeasCfgNo MeaEvtId[MAX_INTER_M EAS_EVENT] TrfCategory EvtMeasEcNo EvtMeasRSCP

Measurement Priority of Neighboring Cell Maximum Uplink SIR Target UL BLER Switch for handover UE Tx Power Switch for handover DL Tx Power Switch for handover Use of HCS HCS_PRIO HCS_PRIO Tfast Nfast Tslowjudge Tslow Nslow Inter- frequency Handover Tactic Filter Coefficient Absolute Threshold of the Quality of the Currently Used Frequency for 2B/2D/2F Weight of the Currently Used Frequency for 2A/2B/2D/2F Hysteresis Time to Trigger Absolute Threshold of the Quality of the Non-used Frequency for 2A/2B/2C/2E Weight of the Non-used Frequency for 2A/2B/2C/2E Reporting Interval in Period Report Criteria Share Cover Indication DPCH Maximum DL Power Inter-frequency Measurement Configuration Index Related to Traffic Category Inter-frequency Measurement Configuration Index Inter-frequency Event Identity Service and Bearer Type Used for Differentiating Handover Configuration UE Inter-frequency Event Measurement Configuration Index for CPICH Ec/No UE Inter-frequency Event Measurement Configuration Index for CPICH RSCP

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92

Handover Control Feature Description

InterMeasCfgNote MeasRptTrMod UTRACarrierRSSI FreqQualEst CellSynRptInd CIdRptInd EcN0RptInd RscpRptInd PathlossRptInd RptCrt MeasQuantity MeasEvtNum StateMode ReadSFNInd InterHoMth NonIntraMeasQuan PrdMeasEcNo PrdMeasRSCP PrdRptAmount UseOfHCS(UtranRelation) PcpichPwrPre

Function of Configuration Parameters Measurement Report Transfer Mode UTRA Carrier RSSI Carrier Frequency Quality Estimation Reporting Indicator Cell Synchronization Information Reporting Indicator Cell ID Reporting Indicator CPICH Ec/No Reporting Indicator CPICH RSCP Reporting Indicator Pathloss reporting indicator Report Criteria Measurement quantity Event Number of Inter-frequency Measurement UE State Indicator Used for UTRAN Neighboring Cell Configuration Read SFN Indicator Inter-frequency Handover Method UTRAN Measurement Quantity for Inter-frequency and Inter-RAT measurements UE Periodic Measurement Configuration Index for CPICH Ec/No UE Periodic Measurement Configuration Index for CPICH RSCP Amount of Reporting in Period Report Criteria Use of HCS Primary CPICH Power Configuration Tag

12.2.2
12.2.2.1

Parameter Configuration
Measurement Priority of Neighboring Cell
OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Neighbouring Cell->Neighbouring Cell XXX-> Measurement Priority of Neighboring Cell Parameter Configuration

The priority of a neighbouring cell can be set to 0, 1, and 2, of which, 0 represents the highest priority and 2 represents the lowest priority. The priority of the neighbouring is set by the configuration personnel according to the signal strength and the distance of the neighboring cell.

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93

Handover Control Feature Description

12.2.2.2

Maximum Uplink SIR Target


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->Power Control Related to Service and Diversity Mode->Maximum Uplink SIR Target(dB) Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the maximum target signal-to-interference ratio (SIR) of the uplink. When the uplink SIR is already in the maximum threshold, if certain error packets are still detected, the power control will become invalid because the SIR cannot be further adjusted upwards. If the UL BLER switch for handover has been opened, the RNC will initiate the compressed mode and the inter-frequency measurement.

12.2.2.3

UL BLER Switch for Handover


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Modify Advanced Parameter->Utran Cell>UL BLER Swich for Handover Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the handover switch based on uplink block error rate (BLER). When the switch is on, if the uplink BLER arrives at the threshold, RNC will initiate compressed mode and the inter-frequency measurement.

12.2.2.4

UL Tx Power Switch for Handover


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Modify Advanced Parameter->Utran Cell>UE Tx Power Switch for Handover Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the handover switch based on uplink transmit power. When the switch is on, if the uplink transmit power arrives at the threshold, RNC will initiate the compressed mode and the inter-frequency measurement.

12.2.2.5

DL Tx Power Switch for Handover


OMC Path

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94

Handover Control Feature Description

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Modify Advanced Parameter->Utran Cell->
DL Tx Power Switch for Handover

Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the handover switch based on downlink transmit power. When the switch is on, if the downlink transmit power arrives at the threshold, RNC will initiate the compressed mode and the inter-frequency measurement.

12.2.2.6

Use of HCS
OMC Path

UtranCell!

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Modify Advanced Parameter->Utran Cell>Use of HCS Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates whether the HCS function is used.

12.2.2.7

Use of HCS
OMC Path

UtranRelation!

Interface Path: View-> Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Neighbouring Cell->Neighbouring Cell XXX->Modify Advanced Parameter->Use of HCS Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates whether the HCS function is used.

12.2.2.8

HCS_PRIO(utranCell)
OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Modify Advanced Parameter->Utran Cell>HCS_PRIO Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the HCS priority level of the utran cell. 7 represents the highest priority and 0 represents the lowest priority. A cell with a higher priority often provides a smaller coverage and a cell with a lower priority offers a larger coverage.

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95

Handover Control Feature Description

12.2.2.9

HCS_PRIO(externalUtranCell)
OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->External Utran Cell->External Utran Cell XXX->Modify Advanced Parameter->Utran Cell->HCS_PRIO Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the HCS priority level of the neighbouring cell. 7 represents the highest priority and 0 represents the lowest priority. A cell with a higher priority often provides a smaller coverage and a cell with a lower priority often offers a larger coverage.

12.2.2.10

Tfast
OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Modify Advanced Parameter->Utran Cell>Tfast(s) Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates whether the UE is in the high-speed moving state in combination with the parameter Nfast. If the best cell changes Nfast times within the period specified by Tfast, the UE is judged to move in a high speed.

12.2.2.11

Nfast
OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Modify Advanced Parameter->Utran Cell>Nfast Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates whether the UE is in the high-speed moving state in combination with the parameter Nfast. If the best cell changes Nfast times within the period specified by Tfast, the UE is judged to move in a high speed.

12.2.2.12

Tslowjudge
OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Modify Advanced Parameter->Utran Cell>Tslowjudge(s)

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96

Handover Control Feature Description

Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the period of the timer to judge that the UE is moving at a low speed. If the number of times that the UE changes its cell within the time specified by Tslowjudge is less than NSlow and the difference between time when the best cell is changed for the last time and the current time is more than Tslow, the UE is judged to move in a low speed.

12.2.2.13

Tslow
OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Modify Advanced Parameter->Utran Cell>Tslow(s) Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the minimum time interval between the Tslowjudge expiration and the last best cell change. See the description of the Tslowjudge parameter for its functions.

12.2.2.14

Nslow
OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Modify Advanced Parameter->Utran Cell>Nslow Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the maximum number of best cell changes within the time specified by Tslowjudge. See the description of the Tslowjudge parameter for its functions.

12.2.2.15

Inter- frequency Handover Tactic


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Modify Advanced Parameter->Utran Cell->
Inter- frequency Handover Tactic

Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the event that is used to trigger the inter-frequency handover. The default value of the parameter is 2A, that is, the handover can be triggered when the conditions for best carrier frequency change are satisfied.

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97

Handover Control Feature Description

12.2.2.16

Filter Coefficient(Inter)
OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-frequence Mesurement Configuration-> Filter Coefficient Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the filtering factor that UE performs the L3 filtering on the measurement results of the inter-frequency measurement. The smaller the value of the filtering factor is, the larger effect the current measurement result will have on the measurement result reported to RNC (periodical report) or the judgment (event report).

12.2.2.17

Absolute Threshold of the Quality of the Currently Used Frequency for 2B/2D/2F
OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-frequence Mesurement Configuration-> Absolute Threshold of the Quality of the Currently Used Frequency for
2B/2D/2F

Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the absolute threshold that should be configured for event 2b/2d/2f (used when judging the quality of the currently used carrier frequency). In the case of event 2B, the less the threshold configured, the more difficult the event 2B been triggered. In the case of event 2D, the less the threshold configured, the more difficult the event 2D been triggered. In the case of event 2F, the less the threshold configured, the easier the event 2B been triggered.

12.2.2.18

Weight of the Currently Used Frequency for 2A/2B/2D/2F


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-frequence Mesurement Configuration-> Weight of the Currently Used Frequency for 2A/2B/2D/2F Parameter Configuration

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98

Handover Control Feature Description

This parameter is used for quality judgment of the currently used carrier frequency. It indicates the weight of the best RNC in the quality judgment (only for event 2a/2b/2d/2f) and is related to the measurement quantity and the event type.

12.2.2.19

Amount of Reporting in Period Report Criteria


OMC Path

Interface Path: View-> Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-frequence Mesurement Configuration-> Amount of Reporting in Period Report Criteria Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the times of the periodical reports to be reported. In the case of the UE side, the value is used for the determination of whether to report the measurement report in reporting the periodical report. If the UE detects that the times of event reporting exceeds the value of Amount of reporting, UE stops reporting the measurement results.

12.2.2.20

Hysteresis(Inter)
OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-frequence Mesurement Configuration-> Hysteresis Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the hysteresis used when judging whether to trigger the event. This parameter avoids the trigger status change due to very small change. Different events are configured separately and the events can be configured with different values. If a small hysteresis is configured, the corresponding event will be reported in a higher probability; and vice versa.

12.2.2.21

Time to Trigger(Inter)
OMC Path

Path:View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-frequence Mesurement Configuration-> Time to Trigger Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the time difference between the time that the event generation is detected and the time that the event is reported. The event is triggered and the measurement report is reported only when the event generation is detected and still meets the requirements of event triggering after Time to trigger.

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99

Handover Control Feature Description

The larger the value is, the stricter the judgment is for the event to be triggered. The parameter should be set according to the actual requirements.

12.2.2.22

Absolute Threshold of the Quality of the Non-used Frequency for 2B/2C/2E


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-frequence Mesurement Configuration->Absolute Threshold of the Quality of the Non-used Frequency for 2B/2C/2E Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the absolute threshold that should be configured for event 2b/2c/2e (used when judging the quality of the non-used frequency). In the case of event 2b, the less the threshold configured, the more difficult the event 2B been triggered. In the case of event 2c, the larger the threshold configured, the more difficult the event 2c been triggered. In the case of event 2E, the larger the threshold configured, the easier the event 2E been triggered.

12.2.2.23

Weight of the Non-used Frequency for 2A/2B/2C/2E


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-frequence Mesurement Configuration->Weight of the Non-used Frequency for 2A/2B/2C/2E Parameter Configuration

This parameter is used for quality judgment of the currently non-used frequency. It indicates the weight of the best RNC in the quality judgment (only for event 2a/2b/2c/2e) and is related to the measurement quantity and the event type.

12.2.2.24

Reporting Interval in Period Report Criteria


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-frequence Mesurement Configuration->Reporting Interval in Period Report Criteria(ms) Parameter Configuration

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100

Handover Control Feature Description

This parameter indicates the interval of periodical reporting specified in the periodical reporting criteria. In the case of the periodical report, the UE reports the inter-frequency measurement results in the period indicated by the parameter.

12.2.2.25

Share Cover Indication


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Neighbouring Cell->Neighbouring Cell XXX -> Share Cover Indication Parameter Configuration

This parameter describes the neighboring relationship of the current cell and the neighboring cell. The relationship between the neighbouring cell and the current cell may be Neighbor, Overlap, Covers, or Contained in.

12.2.2.26

DPCH Maximum DL Power


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->Power Control Related to Service and Diversity Mode->DPCH Maximum DL Power Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the maximum downlink transmit power of DPCH. When the downlink inner loop power control is performed, the new transmit power must be smaller than or equal to the configured DPCH Maximum DL Power. If the DL Tx Power Switch for Handover (DlPwrHoSwch) is open, the RNC judges the downlink code power (DTCP) in the dedicated measurement report of the NodeB. That is, when the DTCP arrives at a certain threshold, the inter-frequency handover is triggered.

12.2.2.27

Inter-frequency Measurement Configuration Index Related to Traffic Category CInter!


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter-> UE Inter-frequency Measurement Relative to Traffic Category Configuration Information -> Inter-frequency Measurement Configuration Index Related to Traffic Category Parameter Configuration

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

2008 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

101

Handover Control Feature Description

This parameter indicates the index of the inter-frequency measurement configuration based on traffic type. Each traffic type corresponds to a unique inter-frequency configuration. If multiple sets of handover parameters are configured, each cell should use a different index. Hence, the inter-frequency handover parameters of the cells may be different.

12.2.2.28

Inter-frequency Measurement Configuration Index Related to Traffic Category UtranCell!


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Modify Advanced Parameter->Utran Cell-> Inter-frequency Measurement Configuration Index Related to Traffic Category Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the index of the inter-frequency measurement configuration based on traffic type. Each traffic type corresponds to a unique inter-frequency configuration. If multiple sets of handover parameters are configured, each cell should use a different index. Hence, the inter-frequency handover parameters of the cells may be different.

12.2.2.29

Inter-frequency Measurement Configuration Index


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-frquence Measurement Configuration-> Inter-frequency Measurement Configuration Index Parameter Configuration

Each inter-frequency measurement configuration with different measurement purpose and measurement quantity is assigned with a unique inter-frequency measurement configuration index. This parameter indicates the index of the inter-frequency measurement configuration. This configuration index is cited in the table Inter-frequency measurement configuration relationship of the service type-related UE. That is, the parameter Inter-frequency Measurement Configuration Index Related to Traffic Category (namely TrfCatIntraMIdx) is cited in the advanced parameters of the serving cell and different Inter-frequency Measurement Configuration Indexes (namely IntraMeasCfgNo) can be selected aiming at the specific service type, measurement objective, and measurement quantity. This parameter can be used to meet various requirements of network planning.

12.2.2.30

Inter-frequency Event Identity


OMC Path

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102

Handover Control Feature Description

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-frquence Measurement Configuration-> Inter-frequency event identity Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the identify of the event triggered by the inter-frequency measurement (2a~2f).

12.2.2.31

Service and Bearer Type Used for Differentiating Handover Configuration


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-frequency Measurement Relative to Traffic Category Configuration Information->Service and Bearer Type Used for Differentiating Handover Configuration Parameter Configuration

All the services are classified into eight categories according to the real-time attribute of services, channel type, and service quantity. This parameter indicates the service and bearer type. The handover parameters can be configured flexibly for different scenarios and the parameters may have different handover trigger thresholds and hysteresis. The value 0xff (Not Related to Service Type) is exclusively used in the measurement of the detected set.

Table 5 Service Type Related UE Inter-frequency Measurement Parameter ConfigurationDefault Value

Default Value 1

Default Value 2

Default Value 4

Default Value 5

Default Value 6

Default Value 7

Default Value 8

TrfCatInterMId x TrfCategory PrdMeasEcNo EvtMeasEcNo PrdMeasRSCP EvtMeasRSCP

1 0 0 3 4 7

1 1 0 3 4 7

1 2 0 3 4 7

1 3 0 3 4 7

1 4 0 3 4 7

1 5 0 3 4 7

1 6 0 3 4 7

1 7 0 3 4 7

1 0xff 0 3 4 7

12.2.2.32

UE Inter-frequency Event Measurement Configuration Index for CPICH Ec/No


OMC Path

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103

Default Value 9

Default Value 3

Field Name

Handover Control Feature Description

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-frequency Measurement Relative to Traffic Category Configuration Information->UE Inter-frequency Event Measurement Configuration Index for CPICH Ec/No Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the index of the inter-frequency measurement configuration for event reporting judgment by the UE when the measurement quantity is CPICH Ec/No.

12.2.2.33

UE Inter-frequency Event Measurement Configuration Index for CPICH RSCP


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-frequency Measurement Relative to Traffic Category Configuration Information->UE Inter-frequency Event Measurement Configuration Index for CPICH RSCP Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the index of the inter-frequency measurement configuration in event reporting judgment by the UE when the measurement quantity is CPICH RSCP.

12.2.2.34

Period Report Configuration Index for CPICH Ec/No


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter-> UE Inter-frequency Measurement Relative to Traffic Category Configuration Information-> Period Report Configuration Index for CPICH Ec/No Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the index of the inter-frequency measurement configuration for periodic reporting by the UE when the measurement quantity is CPICH Ec/No.

12.2.2.35

Period Report Configuration Index for CPICH RSCP


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter-> UE Inter-frequency Measurement Relative to Traffic Category Configuration Information->Period Report Configuration Index for CPICH RSCP Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the index of the inter-frequency measurement configuration for periodic reporting by the UE when the measurement quantity is CPICH Ec/No.

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

2008 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

104

Handover Control Feature Description

12.2.2.36

Function of Configuration Parameters


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-frquence Measurement Configuration-> Function of Configuration Parameters Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the purpose and functions of the set of inter-frequency measurement configuration parameters.

12.2.2.37

Measurement Report Transfer Mode


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-frquence Measurement Configuration-> Measurement Report Transfer Mode Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the transfer mode of the measurement quantity: acknowledge mode or unacknowledged mode.

12.2.2.38

UTRA Carrier RSSI


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-frquence Measurement Configuration-> UTRA Carrier RSSI Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates whether to report the UTRA Carrier RSSI.

12.2.2.39

Carrier Frequency Quality Estimation Reporting Indicator


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-frquence Measurement Configuration-> Carrier Frequency Quality Estimation Reporting Indicator Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates whether to report the carrier frequency quality estimation value.

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105

Handover Control Feature Description

12.2.2.40

Cell Synchronization Information Reporting Indicator


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-frquence Measurement Configuration->Cell Synchronization Information Reporting Indicator Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates whether to report the cell synchronization information in the inter-frequency measurement.

12.2.2.41

Cell ID Reporting Indicator


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-frquence Measurement Configuration->Cell ID Reporting Indicator Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates whether to report the cell identity in the inter-frequency measurement.

12.2.2.42

CPICH Ec/No Reporting Indicator


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-frquence Measurement Configuration-> CPICH Ec/No Reporting Indicator Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates whether the UE should report the measurement results whose measurement quantity is CPICH Ec/No. This parameter is associated with the parameter MeasQuantity. When MeasQuantity is set to 0, the parameter EcN0RptInd must be set to TRUE.

12.2.2.43

CPICH RSCP Reporting Indicator


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-frquence Measurement Configuration-> CPICH RSCP Reporting Indicator

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106

Handover Control Feature Description

Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates whether the UE should report the measurement results whose measurement quantity is CPICH RSCP. This parameter is associated with the parameter MeasQuantity. When MeasQuantity is set to 1, the parameter RscpRptInd must be set to TRUE.

12.2.2.44

Pathloss reporting indicator


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-frquence Measurement Configuration-> Pathloss reporting indicator Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates whether the UE should report the measurement results whose measurement quantity is pathloss.

12.2.2.45

Report Criteria
OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-frquence Measurement Configuration-> Report Criteria Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the criteria of reporting the inter-frequency measurement, including the Event Reporting and periodical reporting.

12.2.2.46

Measurement quantity
OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-frquence Measurement Configuration-> Measurement quantity Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the measurement quantity of the inter-frequency measurement that UE performs. After a new inter-frequency measurement configuration index is added, the measurement quantity is fixed if the function of the set of the inter-frequency measurement parameters is selected. For example, when the parameter InterMeasCfgNote is set to UE Inter-frequency Event Report Parameters for CPICH

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107

Handover Control Feature Description

RSCP, the value of MeasQuantity is automatically set to the corresponding CPICH RSCP.

12.2.2.47

Event Number of Inter-frequency Measurement


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-frquence Measurement Configuration-> Event Number of Inter-frequency Measurement Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the number of events that should be configured for the index of the inter-frequency measurement configuration for a certain purpose.

12.2.2.48

UE State Indicator Used for UTRAN Neighboring Cell Configuration


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Neighbouring Cell->Neighouring Cell XXX >UE State Indicator Used for UTRAN Neighboring Cell Configuration Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the UE status applied to the neighboring cell. When the neighbouring cell is configured by status, the neighbouring cells list used for reselection in nondedicated mode and the neighbouring cells list for handover in dedicated mode are differentiated as follows: When SIB11 is to be sent, the UE selects the cell that supports the idle state or the connected Non-Cell_DCH! state from the neighboring cells list and fills in SIB11. When SIB12 is to be sent, the cells that support the connected Non-Cell_DCH! state are selected from the neighboring cells list and are filled in SIB12; When the measurement control message is to be sent, the cells that support the Cell_DCH state are selected from the neighboring cells list.

12.2.2.49

Read SFN Indicator


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Neighbouring Cell->Neighbouring Cell XXX->Modify Advanced Parameter->Read SFN Indicator Parameter Configuration

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108

Handover Control Feature Description

This parameter indicates whether to read the SFN of the neighbouring cell. Generally, the parameter is set to True for intra-frequency neighbouring cells and False for inter-frequency neighbouring cells.

12.2.2.50

Inter-frequency Handover Method


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Modify Advanced Parameter->Utran Cell>Inter-frequency Handover Method Parameter Configuration

The parameter indicates the inter-frequency handover method (periodical method or event method) that should be used in the current cell. The event method is recommended.

12.2.2.51

UTRAN Measurement Measurements


OMC Path

Quantity

for

Inter-frequency

and

Inter-RAT

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Modify Advanced Parameter->Utran Cell>UTRAN Measurement Quantity for Inter-frequency and Inter-RAT Measurements Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the UTRAN measurement quantity (Ec/No or RSCP) for the inter-frequency and inter-RAT measurements. The measurement quantity RSCP is recommended.

12.2.2.52

Primary CPICH Power Configuration Tag


OMC Path

Interface Path: View-> View->Configuration Management->RNC ME->RNC Radio Resource Management->External Utran Cell-> External Utran CellXXX->Global Else-> Primary CPICH Power Configuration Tag Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates whether PCPICH transmission power is configured. PCPICH transmission power is valid when this parameter is set "True#. Otherwise, PCPICH transmission power is invalid.

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109

Handover Control Feature Description

12.3
12.3.1

SRNC Relocation Parameters


Parameter List
Parameter Field Name Trelocprep Trelocoverall RtReDelayTimer NrtReDelayTimer Name on the Interface SRNC Wait Time for Relocation Preparation (100ms) SRNC Overall Protective Time for Relocation (100ms) Timer of Relocation Delay for RT Service Timer of Relocation Delay for NRT Service

12.3.2
12.3.2.1

Parameter Configuration
Trelocprep
OMC Path

Interface Path: view->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Modify Advanced Parameter->Iu Timer and Constant->Trelocprep Parameter Configuration

This parameter specifies the maximum time for Relocation Preparation procedure in the source RNC after the SRNC successfully sends the RELOCATION REQUIRED message to the CN. If the SRNC fails to receive the RELOCATION COMMAND message within the time specified by the parameter, the timer is judged as expiry and the relocation is canceled.

12.3.2.2

Trelocoverall
OMC Path

Interface Path: view->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Modify Advanced Parameter->Iu Timer and Constant->Trelocoverall Parameter Configuration

This parameter specifies the maximum time for the initiation of the Iu release by the CN after the SRNC receives the RELOCATION COMMAND message. If the CN fails to initate the Iu release within the time specified by the parameter, the timer is judged as expiry and the SRNC initiates the Iu release instead.

12.3.2.3

RtReDelayTimer
OMC Path

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110

Handover Control Feature Description

Interface Path: view->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Modify Advanced Parameter->RNC Radio Resource Management>RtReDelayTimer Parameter Configuration

This parameter is applicable to realtime services. It indicates the delay of initiating the relocation procedure after the link at the S side is deleted.

12.3.2.4

NrtReDelayTimer
OMC Path

Interface Path: view->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Modify Advanced Parameter->RNC Radio Resource Management>NrtReDelayTimer Parameter Configuration

This parameter is applicable to nonrealtime services. It indicates the delay of initiating the relocation procedure after the link at the S side is deleted.

12.4
12.4.1

Inter-RAT Handover Parameters


Parameter List
Field Name MeasPrio RatHoTactic UlBlerHoSwch DlPwrHoSwch UlPwrHoSwch Thresh[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVE NT] W[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT] ThreshSys[MAX_RAT_MEAS_E VENT] Hysteresis[MAX_RAT_MEAS_E VENT] TrigTime[MAX_RAT_MEAS_EV ENT] TrfCatRatMIdx(CRat) TrfCatRatMIdx(utranCell) TrfCategory Service and Bearer Type Used for Differentiating Handover Configuration Name on the Interface Measurement Priority of Neighboring GSM Cell Inter-Rat Handover Tactic UL BLER Switch for handover DL Tx Power Switch for handover UE Tx Power Switch for handover Absolute Threshold of the Quality of UTRAN Cell for 3A Weight of the UTRAN System for 3A Absolute Threshold of the Quality of Other RAT for 3A/3B/3C Hysteresis Time to Trigger Inter-RAT Measurement Configuration Index Related to Traffic Category

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111

Handover Control Feature Description

EvtMeasRSCP InterRatCfgNo InterRatCfgNote MeasRptTrMod FilterCoeff(Rat) OwnMeasQuantity GsmFilterCoeff BSICVeriReq UtranEstQual GsmCarrRSSIInd RptCrt EventNum EventId [MAX_RAT_MEAS_EVENT] CellIndivOffset(gsmRelation) GsmStateMode GsmShareCover NonIntraMeasQuan EvtMeasEcNo IntRatHoMth PrdRptInterval PrdRptAmount PrdMeasEcNo PrdMeasRSCP UseOfHCS(gsmRelation) HcsPrio (gsmRelation)

UE Event Report Configuration Index for Own System CPICH RSCP Inter-RAT Measurement Configuration Index Function of Configuration Parameters Measurement Report Transfer Mode UTRAN Filter Coefficient(Rat) UTRAN Measurement quantity GSM Filter Coefficient(Rat) GSM BSIC Verification Required Indicatior UTRAN Quality Estimation Reporting Indicator GSM Carrier RSSI Reporting Indicator Report Criteria Inter-RAT Measurement Event Number Inter-RAT Event Identity

Cell individual offset(gsmRelation) UE State Indicator Used for GSM Neighboring Cell Configuration Share Cover Indication UTRAN Measurement Quantity for Inter-frequency and Inter-RAT Measurements UE Event Report Configuration Index for Own System CPICH Ec/No Inter-RAT Handover Method Periodical Report Configuration Index for Own System CPICH Ec/No Periodical Report Configuration Index for Own System CPICH RSCP Amount of Reporting in Period Report Criteria Reporting Interval in Period Report Criteria Use of HCS HCS_PRIO

12.4.2
12.4.2.1

Parameter Configuration
Measurement Priority of Neighboring GSM Cell
OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->GSM Neighbouring Cell->GSM Neighbouring Cell XXX-> Measurement Priority of Neighboring GSMCell

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

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112

Handover Control Feature Description

Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the measurement priority of the neighboring cell. 0 presents the highest priority and 2 presents the lowest priority. This parameter should be configured by the network planning engineer according to the actual conditions of the current network, including the quality and geographic position of the inter-RAT neighbouring cell.

12.4.2.2

Inter-Rat Handover Tactic


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Modify Advanced Parameter->Utran Cell>Inter-RAT Handover Tactic Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the measurement event type (3A or 3C) that is used to trigger the inter-RAT handover. Event 3C can be triggered when the quality of the inter-RAT carrier frequency signal is higher than a certain value. In contrast, the trigger of event 3A requires an additional condition, that is, the quality of the carrier frequency signal of the current RAT must be less than a certain value. Hence, the inter-RAT handover can be triggered more easily when the parameter is set to 3C Event Trigger.

12.4.2.3

UL BLER Switch for Handover


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Modify Advanced Parameter->Utran Cell>UL BLER Swich for Handover Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the handover switch based on uplink BLER. When the switch is on, the RNC will initiate compressed mode and inter-RAT measurement if the uplink BLER quality arrives at the threshold.

12.4.2.4

DL Tx Power Switch for handover


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Modify Advanced Parameter->Utran Cell->
DL Tx Power Switch for Handover

Parameter Configuration

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113

Handover Control Feature Description

This parameter indicates the handover switch based on downlink transmit power. When the switch is on, the RNC will initiate compressed mode and inter-RAT measurement if the downlink transmit power arrives at the threshold.

12.4.2.5

UE Tx Power Switch for handover


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Modify Advanced Parameter->Utran Cell->
UE Tx Power Switch for Handover

Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the handover switch based on uplink transmit power. When the switch is on, the RNC will initiate compressed mode and inter-RAT measurement if the uplink transmit power arrives at the threshold.

12.4.2.6

Absolute Threshold of the Quality of UTRAN Cell for 3A


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-RAT Measurement Configuration Information->Absolute Threshold of the Quality of UTRAN Cell for 3A Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the absolute threshold of the UTRAN cell quality that is used by UE to judge event 3a. The range and unit of the parameter are related to the measurement quantity of the cells of the UTRAN system. The smaller the value configured, the more difficult the event 3a been reported.

12.4.2.7

Weight of the UTRAN System for 3A


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-RAT Measurement Configuration Information->Weight of the UTRAN System for 3A Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the weight of the best cell in the quality judgment of event 3a. It is used in judging the quality of the UTRAN system in inter-RAT measurement. See the description of the formula in Section 7.1 for the effect of this parameter on the inter-RAT measurement.

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114

Handover Control Feature Description

12.4.2.8

Absolute Threshold of the Quality of Other RAT for 3A/3B/3C


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-RAT Measurement Configuration Information-> Absolute Threshold of the Quality of Other RAT for 3A/3B/3C Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the absolute threshold used when judging the quality of other RAT configured for event 3a/3b/3c. The value range and unit of this parameter are related to the measurement quantity of the cells of other systems. At present, the measurement quantity can only be GSM Carrier RSSI of the GSM system, which corresponds to the CPICH RSCP of the UMTS system. Hence, the value range and unit of this parameter correspond to CPICH RSCP. The larger the value configured, the more difficult event 3a/3b/3c be reported.

12.4.2.9

Hysteresis(Rat)
OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-RAT Measurement Configuration Information-> Hysteresis Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the hysteresis used when judging whether the event meets the conditions of been triggered. This parameter is related to the measurement quantity and the event type. If a small hysteresis is configured, the corresponding event will be reported in a high probability; and vice versa.

12.4.2.10

Time to Trigger(Rat)
OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-RAT Measurement Configuration Information-> Time to Trigger Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the time difference between the time that the event generation is detected and the time that the event is reported. The event can be triggered and reported only when the event is detected and still meets all requirements of event triggering after Time to trigger.

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115

Handover Control Feature Description

The larger the value is, the stricter the judgment is for the event to be triggered. The parameter should be configured according to the actual requirements.

12.4.2.11

Inter-RAT Measurement Configuration Index Related to Traffic Category Crat!


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter-> UE Inter-Rat Measurement Relative to Traffic Category Configuration Information -> Inter-RAT Measurement Configuration Index Related to Traffic Category Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the index of the inter-RAT measurement configuration based on traffic type. Each traffic type corresponds to a unique inter-RAT measurement configuration index. If multiple sets of handover parameters are configured, each cell should use a different index. Hence, the inter-RAT handover parameters may be different from each other.

12.4.2.12

Inter-RAT Measurement Configuration Index Related to Traffic Category UtranCell!


OMC Path

Interface Path: View-> Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Modify Advanced Parameter->Utran Cell-> Inter-RAT Measurement Configuration Index Related to Traffic Category Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the index of the inter-RAT measurement configuration based on traffic type. Each traffic type corresponds to a unique inter-RAT measurement configuration index. If multiple sets of handover parameters are configured, each cell should use a different index. Hence, the inter-RAT handover parameters may be different from each other.

12.4.2.13

Service and Bearer Type Used for Differentiating Handover Configuration


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter-> UE Inter-Rat Measurement Relative to Traffic Category Configuration Information -> Service and Bearer Type Used for Differentiating Handover Configuration Parameter Configuration

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116

Handover Control Feature Description

All the services are classified into eight categories according to the real-time attribute of the services, channel type, and service quantity. This parameter indicates the service and bearer type. The handover parameters can be configured flexibly for different scenarios and the parameters may have different handover trigger thresholds and hysteresis. The value 0xff (Not Related to Service Type) is exclusively used in the measurement of the detected set.

Table 6 Value

Service Type Related UE Inter-RAT Measurement Parameter ConfigurationDefault

Default Value 1

Default Value 2

Default Value 3

Default Value 4

Default Value 5

Default Value 7

Default Value 8

TrfCatRatMIdx TrfCategory PrdMeasEcNo EvtMeasEcNo PrdMeasRSCP EvtMeasRSCP

1 0 0 2 3 5

1 1 0 2 3 5

1 2 0 2 3 5

1 3 0 2 3 5

1 4 0 2 3 5

1 5 0 2 3 5

1 6 0 2 3 5

1 7 0 2 3 5

1 0xff 0 2 3 5

12.4.2.14

UE Event Report Configuration Index for Own System CPICH RSCP


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter-> UE Inter-Rat Measurement Relative to Traffic Category Configuration Information ->UE Event Report Configuration Index for Own System CPICH RSCP Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the index of the inter-RAT measurement configuration for event reporting judgment by the UE when the UMTS measurement quantity is CPICH RSCP.

12.4.2.15

UE Event Report Configuration Index for Own System CPICH Ec/No


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter-> UE Inter-Rat Measurement Relative to Traffic Category Configuration Information ->UE Event Report Configuration Index for Own System CPICH Ec/No Parameter Configuration

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117

Default Value 9

Default Value 6

Field Name

Handover Control Feature Description

This parameter indicates the index of the inter-RAT measurement configuration for event reporting judgment by the UE when the UMTS measurement quantity is CPICH Ec/No

12.4.2.16

Inter-RAT Measurement Configuration Index


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-Rat Measurement Configuration-> Inter-RAT Measurement Configuration Index Parameter Configuration

Each inter-RAT measurement configuration with different measurement purpose and measurement quantity is assigned with a unique inter-RAT measurement configuration. This parameter indicates the index of the inter-RAT measurement configuration. This configuration index is cited in the table "Inter-RAT measurement configuration relationship of the service type-related UE#. That is, the parameter Inter-RAT Measurement Configuration Index Related to Traffic Category (namely TrfCatInterMIdx) is cited in the advanced parameter of the serving cell and different Inter-RAT Measurement Configuration Index (namely InterMeasCfgNo) can be selected aiming at the specific service type, measurement purpose, and measurement quantity. This parameter can be used to meet various requirements of network planning.

12.4.2.17

Function of Configuration Parameters


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-Rat Measurement Configuration-> Function of Configuration Parameters Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the purpose and functions of the set of inter-RAT measurement configuration parameters.

12.4.2.18

Measurement Report Transfer Mode


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-Rat Measurement Configuration-> Measurement Report Transfer Mode Parameter Configuration

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118

Handover Control Feature Description

This parameter indicates the transfer mode of the measurement quantity: acknowledge mode or unacknowledged mode.

12.4.2.19

UTRAN Filter Coefficient(Rat)


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-Rat Mesurement Configuration>UTRAN Filter Coefficient Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the filtering factor that UE performs the L3 filtering on the UTRAN measurement results of the inter-RAT measurement. The smaller the filtering factor, the larger the effect of the measurement on the final result.

12.4.2.20

UTRAN Measurement quantity


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-Rat Measurement Configuration->UTRAN Measurement quantity Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the measurement quantity of the inter-RAT measurement that UE performs. After a new inter-RAT measurement configuration index is added, the measurement quantity is fixed when the function of the set of the inter-RAT measurement parameters is selected. For example, when the parameter InterRatCfgNote is set to UE Event Report Parameters for Own System CPICH RSCP, the value of UTRAN MeasQuantity is automatically set to the corresponding CPICH RSCP.

12.4.2.21

GSM Filter Coefficient(Rat)


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-Rat Mesurement Configuration>GSM Filter Coefficient Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the filtering factor that UE performs the L3 filtering on the GSM measurement results of the inter-RAT measurement. The smaller the filtering factor, the larger the effect of the measurement on the final result.

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119

Handover Control Feature Description

12.4.2.22

GSM BSIC Verification Required Indicatior


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-Rat Mesurement Configuration-> GSM BSIC Verification Required Indicatior Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates whether to confirm the base station identification code (BSIC) of GSM cells when performing the inter-RAT measurement.

12.4.2.23

UTRAN Quality Estimation Reporting Indicator


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-Rat Mesurement Configuration-> UTRAN Quality Estimation Reporting Indicator Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates whether to report the quality estimation value of the UTRAN system.

12.4.2.24

GSM Carrier RSSI Reporting Indicator


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-Rat Mesurement Configuration-> GSM Carrier RSSI Reporting Indicator Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates whether to report the received signal strength indicator (RSSI) of GSM cells.

12.4.2.25

Report Criteria
OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-Rat Measurement Configuration-> Report Criteria Parameter Configuration

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120

Handover Control Feature Description

This parameter indicates the criteria of reporting the inter-RAT measurement, including the Event Reporting and Periodical Reporting.

12.4.2.26

Inter-RAT Measurement Event Number


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-Rat Measurement Configuration-> Inter-RAT Measurement Event Number Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the number of events that should be configured for the interRAT measurement configuration index for a certain purpose.

12.4.2.27

Inter-RAT Event Identity


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->UE Inter-frquence Measurement Configuration-> Inter-RAT event identity Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the identity of the event triggered by the inter-RAT measurement (3a~3d).

12.4.2.28

Cell individual offset(gsmRelation)


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->GSM Cell->GSM Cell XXX->Modify Advanced Parameter->Cell Individual Offset(dB) Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the individual offset of GSM cells. When the value is positive, a positive value is added to the measurement result to be judged. If the value is negative, a negative value is added to the measurement result to be judged. See the introduction to inter-RAT measurement in section 7.1.1 for the effect of this parameter on the measurement report. Through the configuration of the individual offset of a single cell, the trigger difficulty of the cell can be adjusted to meet the actual requirements of network planning, thus avoiding the need to modify the global handover parameters.

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121

Handover Control Feature Description

12.4.2.29

UE State Indicator Used for GSM Neighboring Cell Configuration


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->GSM Neighbouring Cell->GSM Neighbouring Cell XXX ->UE State Indicator Used for GSM Neighboring Cell Configuration Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the UE status applied to the GSM neighboring cell. When the neighbouring cell is configured by status, the neighbouring cells list used for reselection in nondedicated mode and the neighbouring cells list used for handover in dedicated mode are differentiated as follows: When SIB11 is to be sent, the UE selects the cell that supports the idle state or the connected Non-Cell_DCH! state from the neighboring cells list and fills in SIB11. When SIB12 is to be sent, the UE selects the cell that supports the connected Cell_DCH! state from the neighboring cells list and fills in SIB12; Non-

When the measurement control message is to be sent, the UE selects the cell that supports the Cell_DCH state from the neighboring cells list.

12.4.2.30

Share Cover Indication


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->GSM Neighbouring Cell->GSM Neighbouring Cell XXX ->Share Cover Indication Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the neighboring relationship of the current cell and GSM neighboring cell, including Neighbor, Overlap, Covers, and Contained in.

12.4.2.31

UTRAN Measurement Measurements


OMC Path

Quantity

for

Inter-frequency

and

Inter-RAT

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Modify Advanced Parameter->Utran Cell>UTRAN Measurement Quantity for Inter-frequency and Inter-RAT Measurements Parameter Configuration

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122

Handover Control Feature Description

This parameter indicates the UTRAN measurement quantity (Ec/No or RSCP) for interfrequency and inter-RAT measurements. The measurement quantity RSCP is recommended.

12.4.2.32

Inter-RAT Handover Method


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Modify Advanced Parameter->Utran Cell>Inter-RAT Handover Method Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the handover method of Inter-RAT Handover.At present, InterRAT measurement supports only the handover modes reported through events. The IntRatHoMth parameter is invalid.

12.4.2.33

Period Report Configuration Index for CPICH Ec/No


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter-> UE Inter-Rat Measurement Relative to Traffic Category Configuration Information -> Period Report Configuration Index for CPICH Ec/No Parameter Configuration

Only event report can be supported currently. So the following parameters for periodically report is invalid: PrdMeasEcNo(RAT), PrdMeasRSCP(RAT), PrdRptAmount(RAT), PrdRptInterval(RAT)

12.4.2.34

Period Report Configuration Index for CPICH RSCP


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter-> UE Inter-Rat Measurement Relative to Traffic Category Configuration Information ->Period Report Configuration Index for CPICH RSCP Parameter Configuration

Only event report can be supported currently. So the following parameters for periodically report is invalid: PrdMeasEcNo(RAT), PrdMeasRSCP(RAT), PrdRptAmount(RAT), PrdRptInterval(RAT)

12.4.2.35

Amount of Reporting in Period Report Criteria


OMC Path

Interface Path: View-> Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Modify Advanced Parameter-> UE Inter-Rat Measurement Configuration->Amount of Reporting in Period Report Criteria Parameter Configuration

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123

Handover Control Feature Description

Only event report can be supported currently. So the following parameters for periodically report is invalid: PrdMeasEcNo(RAT), PrdMeasRSCP(RAT), PrdRptAmount(RAT), PrdRptInterval(RAT)

12.4.2.36

Reporting Interval in Period Report Criteria


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Modify Advanced Parameter-> UE Inter-Rat Measurement Configuration->Reporting Interval in Period Report Criteria(ms) Parameter Configuration

Only event report can be supported currently. So the following parameters for periodically report is invalid: PrdMeasEcNo(RAT), PrdMeasRSCP(RAT), PrdRptAmount(RAT), PrdRptInterval(RAT)

12.4.2.37

Use of HCS (gsmRelation)


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->GSM Neighbouring Cell->GSM Neighbouring Cell XXX ->Modify Advanced Parameter-> Use of HCS Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates whether the HCS function is used.

12.4.2.38

HCS_PRIO(gsmRelation)
OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->GSM Cell->GSM Cell XXX->Modify Advanced Parameter-> HCS_PRIO Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the HCS priority level of the gsm cell. 7 represents the highest priority and 0 represents the lowest priority. A cell with a higher priority often provides a smaller coverage and a cell with a lower priority often offers a larger coverageIMSIBased Handover Parameters

12.5
12.5.1

IMSI-based Handover Parameters


Parameter List
Field Name Name on the Interface

MCC(rncPnSnac) MNC(rncPnSnac)

MCC(rncPnSnac) MNC(rncPnSnac)

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Handover Control Feature Description

ExtInfoDgtNum ExtInfo[10] SMCC SMNC SNAC

Extend Information Digits Num Extend Information MCC of Shared Network MNC of Shared Network Shared Network Area Code

MCC(rncLcSnac) MNC(rncLcSnac) LAC(rncLcSnac)


SNAC(rncLcSnac) MCC(utranCell) MCC(externalUtranCell) MCC(gsmRelation) MNC(utranCell) MCC(externalUtranCell) MCC(gsmRelation) LAC(utranCell) LAC(externalUtranCell) LAC(gsmRelation )

MCC(rncLcSnac) MNC(rncLcSnac)
Location Area Code(rncLcSnac) Shared Network Area Code(rncLcSnac) Mobile Country Code(UtranCell) Mobile Country Code(ExternalUtranCell) Mobile Country Code of Neighbouring GSM Cell(gsmRelation) Mobile Network Code(UtranCell) Mobile Network Code(ExternalUtranCell) Mobile Network Code of Neighbouring GSM Cell Location Area Code(UtranCell) Location Area Code(ExternalUtranCell) Location Area Code of Neighbouring GSM Cell

12.5.2
12.5.2.1

Parameter Configuration
MCC(rncPnSnac)
OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->User Authorized PLMN+SNAC Information->MCC Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the mobile country code (MCC) of the IMSI card. See Figure 26 in the text for the use case.

12.5.2.2

MNC(rncPnSnac)
OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->User Authorized PLMN+SNAC Information->MNC Parameter Configuration

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Handover Control Feature Description

This parameter indicates the mobile network code (MNC) of the IMSI card. See Figure 26 in the text for the use case.

12.5.2.3

Extend Information Digits Num


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->User Authorized PLMN+SNAC Information->Extend Information Digits Num Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the number of extend information digits included in the mobile station identity number (MSIN) of IMSI. If the parameter is set to n, the first n digits of the corresponding MSIN are extend information digits. The maximum value of this parameter is 10.

12.5.2.4

Extend Information
OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->User Authorized PLMN+SNAC Information->Extend Information Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the MSIN of IMSI, namely the last 10 digits of the 15-digit IMSI. This parameter in combination with the parameter Extend Information Digits Num specifies an IMSI segment.

12.5.2.5

MCC of

Shared Network

OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->User Authorized PLMN+SNAC Information->MCC of Shared Network Parameter Configuration

The parameter indicates the MCC of the shared network, namely the MCC of the target location area code (LAC) that the handover is allowed in.

12.5.2.6

MNC of

Shared Network

OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->User Authorized PLMN+SNAC Information->MNC of Shared Network

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Handover Control Feature Description

Parameter Configuration

The parameter indicates the MNC of the shared network, namely the MNC of the target LAC that the handover is allowed in.

12.5.2.7

Shared Network Area Code


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->User Authorized PLMN+SNAC Information->Shared Network Area Code Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the shared network area code (SNAC). It is defined by the customer.

12.5.2.8

MCC(rncLcSnac)
OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->LAC and SNAC Information->MCC Parameter Configuration

This parameter in combination with parameters MNC(rncLcSnac), LAC(rncLcSnac), and SNAC(rncLcSnac) specifies a target area code that the handover is allowed in. See Figure 26 in the text for the use case.

12.5.2.9

MNC(rncLcSnac)
OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->LAC and SNAC Information->MNC Parameter Configuration

This parameter in combination with parameters MCC(rncLcSnac), LAC(rncLcSnac), and SNAC(rncLcSnac) specifies a target area code that the handover is allowed in. See Figure 26 in the text for the use case.

12.5.2.10

Location Area Code(rncLcSnac)


OMC Path

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Handover Control Feature Description

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->LAC and SNAC Information->Location Area Code Parameter Configuration

This parameter in combination with parameters MCC(rncLcSnac), MNC(rncLcSnac), and SNAC(rncLcSnac) specifies a target area code that the handover is allowed in. See Figure 26 in the text for the use case.

12.5.2.11

Shared Network Area Code(rncLcSnac)


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->LAC and SNAC Information->Shared Network Area Code Parameter Configuration

This parameter in combination with parameters MCC(rncLcSnac), MNC(rncLcSnac), and LAC(rncLcSnac) specifies a target area code that the handover is allowed in. See Figure 26 in the text for the use case.

12.5.2.12

Mobile Country Code(UtranCell)


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->UtranCell Global Info>MCC Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the MCC of the cells in the RNC.

12.5.2.13

Mobile Country Code(ExternalUtranCell)


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->External Utran Cell->External Utran Cell XXX->MCC Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the MCC of UTRAN cells that do not belong to the RNC.

12.5.2.14

Mobile Country Code

externalGsmCell!

OMC Path

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Handover Control Feature Description

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Gsm Cell ->Gsm Cell XXX->MCC Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates in the MCC of the GSM cells.

12.5.2.15

Mobile Network Code(UtranCell)


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->UtranCell Global Info>MNC Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the MNC of the cells in the RNC.

12.5.2.16

Mobile Network Code(ExternalUtranCell)


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->External Utran Cell->External Utran Cell XXX->MNC Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the MNC of the cells that do not belong to the RNC.

12.5.2.17

Mobile Network Code


OMC Path

externalGsmCell!

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Gsm Cell->Gsm Cell XXX ->MNC Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates in the MNC of the GSM cells.

12.5.2.18

Location Area Code(UtranCell)


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->UtranCell Global Info>LAC Parameter Configuration

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Handover Control Feature Description

This parameter indicates the LAC of the cells in the RNC.

12.5.2.19

OMC PathOMC Path Shared Network Area Code ExternalUtranCell!


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->External Utran Cell->External Utran Cell XXX->SNAC Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the shared network area code that the neighboring cell belongs to. One cell can belong to at most four SNACs (shared network area code).

12.5.2.20

Shared Network Area Code Number OMC Path

ExternalUtranCell!

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> External Utran Cell ->External Utran Cell XXX->SNACNum Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the number of shared network area code that the neighboring cell belongs to.

12.5.2.21

Shared Network Area Code OMC Path

externalGsmCell!

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Gsm Cell ->Gsm Cell XXX->SNAC Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the shared network area code that the neighboring cell belongs to. One cell can belong to at most four SNACs (shared network area code).

12.5.2.22

Shared Network Area Code Number OMC Path

externalGsmCell!

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Gsm Cell ->Gsm Cell XXX->SNACNum Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the number of shared network area code that the neighboring cell belongs to.

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Handover Control Feature Description

12.6
12.6.1

HSDPA Handover Parameters


Parameter List
Field Name HspaSptMeth T1d RncFeatSwitch HsdpaCmAssoMode Name on the Interface HSPA Support Method Timer for Event 1D in HSPA or MBMS Neighbouring RNC Feather Switch HSDPA Associate CM Method

12.6.2
12.6.2.1

Parameter Configuration
HSPA Support Method
OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Cell Ability and Cell Reselection->HSPA Support Method Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the support for various types of cells.

12.6.2.2

Timer for Event 1D in HSPA or MBMS


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->Hspa Configuration Information-> Timer for Event 1D in HSPA or MBMS Parameter Configuration

For HSPA, this parameter indicates the minimum interval required for the change of the HSPA serving cell or the transition between the HS and DCH channels. A large value of this parameter helps to avoid too frequent HSPA serving cell change and channel transition.

12.6.2.3

Neighbouring RNC Feather Switch


OMC Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Ground Resource Management>Transmission Configuration->NE Information Configuration->RNC:xx ->Adjacent RNC Office-> Rnc Config

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Handover Control Feature Description

Parameter Configuration

The parameter indicates whether the relocation procedure is performed together with the inter-frequency hard handover between RNSs or whether the Iur interface supports the HSDPA/UPA feature.

12.6.2.4

HSDPA Associate CM Method


OMCR Interface

Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->Hspa Configuration Information-> HSDPA Associate CM Method Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the association between HSDPA and CM method.


The value "Serial# means HSDPA service will be reconfigured to DCH cannel before the compress mode is activated.; The default value is parallel.

12.7
12.7.1

HSUPA Handover Parameters


Parameter List
Field Name HspaSptMeth MaxNumOfEdchAct RncFeatSwitch HsupaCmAssoMode Name on the Interface HSPA Support Method Maximum Number of Cells in E-DCH Active Set Neighbouring RNC Feather Switch HSUPA Associate CM Method

12.7.2
12.7.2.1

Parameter Configuration
HSPA Support Method
OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Cell Ability and Cell Reselection->HSPA Support Method Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the support for various types of cells.

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Handover Control Feature Description

12.7.2.2

Maximum Number of Cells in E-DCH Active Set


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->Hspa Configuration Information>Maximum Number of Cells in E-DCH Active Set Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the maximum number of cells allowed in the E-DCH active set. The number is configured according to the actual requirements.

12.7.2.3

Neighbouring RNC Feather Switch


OMC Path

View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Ground Resource Management>Transmission Configuration->NE Information Configuration->RNC:xx ->Adjacent RNC Office-> Rnc Config Parameter Configuration

The parameter indicates whether the relocation procedure is performed together with the inter-frequency hard handover between RNSs or whether the Iur interface supports the HSDPA/UPA feature.

12.7.2.4

HSUPA Associate CM Method


OMCR Interface

Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->Hspa Configuration Information-> HSUPA Associate CM Method Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates the association between HSUPA and CM method.


The value "Serial# means HSUPA service will be reconfigured to DCH cannel before the compress mode is activated.; The default value is serial.

12.8
12.8.1

MBMS Handover Parameters


Parameter List
Field Name Name on the Interface

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Handover Control Feature Description

MbmsSuptInd T1d

Support MBMS Indicator Timer for Event 1D in HSPA or MBMS

12.8.2
12.8.2.1

Parameter Configuration
Support MBMS Indicator
OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management->Utran Cell->Utran Cell XXX->Cell Ability and Cell Reselection->MBMS Support Indicator Parameter Configuration

This parameter indicates whether to support the MBMS. When the parameter is set to 0 (Not Support), the cell does not support the MBMS service. When the parameter is set to 1 (Support MBMS and not MBMS), the cell supports both the MBMS service and the mixed R99, R5, and R6 service. In this case, the cell can either use a separate carrier frequency for establishing the co-coverage relationship or HSC structure with other cells, or use the same carrier frequency as the neighbouring cell. When the parameter is set to 2 (Only Support MBMS), the cell supports only the MBMS service. In this case, non-S-CCPCHs can neither be allocated separately for users nor exist as the DCH channel of the concurrent service. The purpose of such a cell is to share the load of the MBMS service.

12.8.2.2

Timer for Event 1D in HSPA or MBMS


OMC Path

Interface Path: View->Configuration Management->RNC NE->RNC Radio Resource Management-> Modify Advanced Parameter->Hspa Configuration Information-> Timer for Event 1D in HSPA or MBMS Parameter Configuration

For HSPA, this parameter indicates the minimum interval required for the change of the HSPA serving cell or the transition between the HS and DCH channels. A large value of this parameter helps to avoid too frequent HSPA serving cell change and channel transition. For MBMS, this parameter indicates the minimum interval required for changing the best cell of the MBMS service for two times caused by event 1d. This parameter helps to avoid too frequent change between the PTP and PTM bearer types.

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Handover Control Feature Description

13
13.1
13.1.1

Counter And Alarm


Counter List
RNC Soft Handover Statistics
Counter No. C301100479 C301101040 C301101041 C301101042 C301101043 C301100480 C301100481 C301100482 C301100483 C301100484 C301100485 C301100486 C301100487 C301101044 C301101045 C301101046 C301101047 C301100931 C301100932 C301100933 C301100934 C301100935 C301100936 C301100937 C301100938 C301100939 C301100940 C301100941 C301100942 C301100943 C301100944 C301100945 Number of soft handover attempt,delete radio link for HSDPA RNC Soft handover ratio Number of soft handover attempt,delete radio link Number of soft handover attempt,add Radio link for HSDPA Number of soft handover attempt,add Radio link Number of failed soft handover,by traffic class Number of failed soft handover,by cause Number of soft handover attempt,by traffic class Description Number of soft handover attempt

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Handover Control Feature Description

Counter No. C301100946 C301100947 C301100948 C301100949 C301100950 C301100951 C301100952 C301100953 C301100954 C301100955 C301100956 C301100957 C301100958 C301100959 C301100960 C301100961 C301100962 C301100963 C301100964 C301100965 C301100966 C301100967 C301770104 C301770105 C301770106 C301770107 C301770108 C301770109 C301770110 C301770111 C301770112 C301770113 C301770114 C301770115 C301770116 C301770117 C301770118 C301770119 C301770120

Description

RNC Soft handover ratio

RNC Soft handover ratio for RT Class

RNC Soft handover ratio for NRT Class,but no HSPA

Number of soft handover attempt,add Radio link,DCH Voice Number of soft handover attempt,add Radio link,DCH Video Number of soft handover attempt,add Radio link,DCH NRT Number of soft handover attempt,add Radio link,HS/D Number of soft handover attempt,add Radio link,HS/E Number of soft handover attempt,add Radio link,M-DCH Number of soft handover attempt,add Radio link,M-HS/D Number of soft handover attempt,add Radio link,M-HS/E Number of soft handover Success,add Radio link,DCH Voice Number of soft handover Success,add Radio link,DCH Video Number of soft handover Success,add Radio link,DCH NRT Number of soft handover Success,add Radio link,HS/D Number of soft handover Success,add Radio link,HS/E Number of soft handover Success,add Radio link,M-DCH Number of soft handover Success,add Radio link,M-HS/D Number of soft handover Success,add Radio link,M-HS/E Number of soft handover attempt,Del Radio link,DCH Voice

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Handover Control Feature Description

Counter No. C301770121 C301770122 C301770123 C301770124 C301770125 C301770126 C301770127 C301770128 C301770129 C301770130 C301770131 C301770132 C301770133 C301770134 C301770135

Description Number of soft handover attempt,Del Radio link,DCH Video Number of soft handover attempt,Del Radio link,DCH NRT Number of soft handover attempt,Del Radio link,HS/D Number of soft handover attempt,Del Radio link,HS/E Number of soft handover attempt,Del Radio link,M-DCH Number of soft handover attempt,Del Radio link,M-HS/D Number of soft handover attempt,Del Radio link,M-HS/E Number of soft handover Success,del Radio link,DCH Voice Number of soft handover Success,del Radio link,DCH Video Number of soft handover Success,del Radio link,DCH NRT Number of soft handover Success,del Radio link,HS/D Number of soft handover Success,del Radio link,HS/E Number of soft handover Success,del Radio link,M-DCH
Number of soft handover Success,del Radio link,M-HS/D Number of soft handover Success,del Radio link,M-HS/E

13.1.2

RNC Hard Handover Statistics


Counter No. C301110488 C301110489 C301110490 C301110491 C301110492 C301110493 C301110494 C301110495 C301110496 C301110497 C301110498 C301110499 C301110500 C301110501 C301110502 C301110503 C301110504 C301110505 C301110506 C301110507 Number of inter-RNC intra frequency hard handover via Iur attempt Number of inter-RNC intra frequency hard handover via Iur failure,by Number of intra-RNC inter frequency hard handover failure,by cause Number of intra-RNC inter frequency hard handover attempt Number of intra-RNC intra frequency hard handover failure,by cause Description Number of intra-RNC intra frequency hard handover attempt

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Handover Control Feature Description

Counter No. C301110508 C301110509 C301110510 C301110511 C301110512 C301110513 C301110514 C301110515 C301110516 C301110517 C301110518 C301110519 C301110520 C301110521 C301110522 C301110523

Description cause

Number of inter-RNC inter frequency hard handover via Iur attempt

Number of inter-RNC inter frequency hard handover via Iur failure,by cause

Counter No. C301500136 C301500137 C301500138 C301500139 C301500140 C301500141 C301500142 C301500143 C301500144 C301500145 C301500146 C301500147 C301500148 C301500149 C301500150 C301500151

Description

Number of outgoing hard handover attempted,DCH Voice Number of outgoing hard handover attempted,DCH Video Number of outgoing hard handover attempted,DCH NRT Number of outgoing hard handover attempted,HS/D Number of outgoing hard handover attempted,HS/E Number of outgoing hard handover attempted,M-DCH Number of outgoing hard handover attempted,M-HS/D Number of outgoing hard handover attempted,M-HS/E Number of outgoing hard handover Success,DCH Voice Number of outgoing hard handover Success,DCH Video Number of outgoing hard handover Success,DCH NRT Number of outgoing hard handover Success,HS/D Number of outgoing hard handover Success,HS/E Number of outgoing hard handover Success,M-DCH Number of outgoing hard handover Success,M-HS/D Number of outgoing hard handover Success,M-HS/E

13.1.3

Relocation With UE Involed


Counter No. C301120543
Description Number of attempted relocation preparation with UE involved for

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138

Handover Control Feature Description

C301120544 C301120545 C301120546 C301120547 C301120548 C301120549 C301120550 C301120551 C301120552 C301120553 C301120554 C301120555 C301120556 C301120557 C301120558 C301120559 C301120560 C301120561 C301120562 C301120563 C301120564 C301120565 C301120566 C301120567 C301120587 C301120588 C301120589 C301120590 C301120591 C301120592 C301120593 C301120594 C301120595 C301120596 C301120597 C301120598 C301120599 C301120600 C301120601 C301120602

CS domain, by cause

Number of failed relocation preparation with UE involved for CS domain, by cause

Number of attempted outgoing relocation with UE involved for CS domain

Number of failed outgoing relocation with UE involved for CS domain, by cause

Number of attempted relocation preparation with UE involved for PS domain, by cause

Number of failed relocation preparation with UE involved for PS domain, by cause

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Handover Control Feature Description

C301120603 C301120604 C301120605 C301120606 C301120607 C301120608 C301120609 C301120610 C301120611 C301120624 C301120625 C301120626 C301120627 C301120628 C301120629 C301120630 C301120631 C301120632 C301120633 C301120634 C301120635 C301120648 C301120649 C301120650 C301120651 C301120652 C301120653 C301120654 C301120655 C301120656 C301120657 C301120658 C301120659

Number of attempted outgoing relocation with UE involved for PS domain

Number of failed outgoing relocation with UE involved for PS domain, by cause

Number of attempted incoming relocation with UE involved for CS domain, by cause

Number of attempted incoming relocation with UE involved for PS domain, by cause

Number of failed incoming relocation with UE involved for PS domain, by cause

13.1.4

Relocation With UE Not Involed


Counter No. C301120524 C301120525 C301120526 C301120527
Description Number of attempted relocation preparation with UE not involved for CS domain, by cause

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140

Handover Control Feature Description

C301120528 C301120529 C301120530 C301120531 C301120532 C301120533 C301120534 C301120535 C301120536 C301120537 C301120538 C301120539 C301120540 C301120541 C301120542 C301120568 C301120569 C301120570 C301120571 C301120572 C301120573 C301120574 C301120575 C301120576 C301120577 C301120578 C301120579 C301120580 C301120581 C301120582 C301120583 C301120584 C301120585 C301120586 C301120612 C301120613 C301120614 C301120615 Number of attempted outgoing relocation with UE not involved for PS domain
Number of failed outgoing relocation with UE not involved for PS domain, by cause Number of attempted incoming relocation with UE not involved for CS domain, by cause Number of failed relocation preparation with UE not involved for PS domain# by cause Number of attempted relocation preparation with UE not involved for PS domain, by cause Number of attempted outgoing relocation with UE not involved for CS domain Number of failed outgoing relocation with UE not involved for CS domain, by cause Number of failed relocation preparation with UE not involved for CS domain, by cause

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141

Handover Control Feature Description

C301120616 C301120617 C301120618 C301120619 C301120620 C301120621 C301120622 C301120623 C301120636 C301120637 C301120638 C301120639 C301120640 C301120641 C301120642 C301120643 C301120644 C301120645 C301120646 C301120647
Number of failed incoming relocation with UE not involved for PS domain, by cause Number of attempted incoming relocation with UE not involved for PS domain, by cause

13.1.5

RNC Inter-RAT Handover Statistics


Counter No. C301130660 C301130661 C301130662 C301130663 C301130664 C301130665 C301130666 C301130667 C301130668 C301130669 C301130670 C301130671 C301130672 C301130673 C301130674 C301130675 Number of failed relocation preparation for outgoing CS inter-RAT handovers, by cause Number of attempted relocation preparation for outgoing CS interRAT handovers, by cause Description

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142

Handover Control Feature Description

Counter No. C301130676 C301130677 C301130678 C301130679 C301130680 C301130681 C301130682 C301130683 C301130684 C301130685 C301130686 C301130687 C301130688 C301130689 C301130690 C301130691 C301130692 C301130693 C301130694 C301130695 C301130696 C301130697 C301130698 C301130699 C301130700 C301130701 C301130702 C301510029 C301510030 C301510031 C301510032 C301510033 C301510034 C301510035 C301510036 C301510037 C301510038 C301510039 C301510040

Description Number of attempted outgoing CS inter-RAT handovers

Number of failed outgoing CS inter-RAT handovers, by cause

Number of attempted incoming CS inter-RAT handovers, by cause

Number of failed incoming CS inter-RAT handovers, by cause

Number of attempted outgoing PS inter-RAT handovers

Number of failed outgoing PS inter-RAT handovers, by cause

Number of attempted incoming PS inter-RAT handovers Number of successful incoming PS inter-RAT handovers Number of attempted outgoing inter-RAT handovers,DCH Voice Number of attempted outgoing inter-RAT handovers,DCH Video Number of attempted outgoing inter-RAT handovers,DCH NRT Number of attempted outgoing inter-RAT handovers,HS/D Number of attempted outgoing inter-RAT handovers,HS/E Number of attempted outgoing inter-RAT handovers,M-DCH Number of attempted outgoing inter-RAT handovers,M-HS/D Number of attempted outgoing inter-RAT handovers,M-HS/E Number of Failure outgoing inter-RAT handovers,DCH Voice Number of Failure outgoing inter-RAT handovers,DCH Video Number of Failure outgoing inter-RAT handovers,DCH NRT Number of Failure outgoing inter-RAT handovers,HS/D

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

2008 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

143

Handover Control Feature Description

Counter No. C301510041 C301510042 C301510043 C301510044

Description Number of Failure outgoing inter-RAT handovers,HS/E Number of Failure outgoing inter-RAT handovers,M-DCH Number of Failure outgoing inter-RAT handovers,M-HS/D Number of Failure outgoing inter-RAT handovers,M-HS/E

13.1.6

Cell Soft Handover Statistics


Counter No. C301391098 C301391099 C301391100 C301391101 C301391102 C301391103 C301390586 C301390587 C301390588 C301390589 C301390590 C301390591 C301390592 C301390593 C301390594 C301390595 C301390596 C301390597 C301390598 C301390599 C301390600 C301390601 C301390602 C301391156 C301391157 C301391158 C301391159 C301391160 C301391161 C301391162 C301391163 Number of failed radio link addition for E-DCH soft handover,by cause Number of failed radio link addition for E-DCH soft handover, by procedure Number of attempted radio link addition for E-DCH soft handover Number of failed radio link deletion for soft handover,by cause Number of attempted radio link deletion for soft handover Number of failed radio link addition for soft handover,by cause Number of failed radio link addition for soft handover, by procedure Number of attempted radio link addition for soft handover Description

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

2008 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

144

Handover Control Feature Description

Counter No. C301391164 C301391165 C301391166 C301391167 C301391168 C301391169 C301391250 C301391251 C301391252 C301391253 C301391254 C301391255 C301391256 C301391257 C301391258 C301390603 C301390604 C301390605 C301390606 C301390607 C301390608 C301390609 C301390610 C301390611 C301390612 C301390613 C301390614 C301390615 C301391332 C301391333 C301391334 C301391335 C301391509 C301391510 C301391511 C301391512 C301391513 C301391514 C301391515

Description

Number of attempted radio link deletion for E-DCH soft handover

Number of failed radio link deletion for E-DCH soft handover,by cause

Soft handover ratio

Soft handover rate of E-DCH user

Stat of Soft Handover for DCH RT traffic

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

2008 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

145

Handover Control Feature Description

Counter No. C301391516 C301391517 C301391518 C301391519 C301391520 C301391521 C301391522 C301391523 C301391524 C301391525 C301391526 C301391527 C301391528 C301391529 C301391530 C301391531 C301391532 C301391533 C301391534 C301391536 C301391537 C301391538 C301391539 C301391540 C301391541 C301391542 C301391543 C301391544 C301391545 C301391546 C301391547 C301391548 C301391549 C301770104 C301770105 C301770106 C301770107 C301770108 C301770109

Description

Stat of Soft Handover for DCH NRT traffic

Stat of Soft handover for E-DCH(Traffic Class)

Number of soft handover attempt,add Radio link,by channel and traffic

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

2008 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

146

Handover Control Feature Description

Counter No. C301770110 C301770111 C301770112 C301770113 C301770114 C301770115 C301770116 C301770117 C301770118 C301770119 C301770120 C301770122 C301770123 C301770124 C301770125 C301770126 C301770127 C301770128 C301770129 C301770130 C301770131 C301770132 C301770133 C301770134 C301770135

Description

Number of soft handover Success,add Radio link,by channel and traffic

Number of soft handover attempt,Del Radio link,by channel and traffic

Number of soft handover Success,del Radio link,by channel and traffic

13.1.7

Cell Hard Handover Statistics


Counter No. C301410616 C301410617 C301410618 C301410619 C301410620 C301410621 C301410622 C301410623 C301410624 Number of outgoing intra-NodeB intra frequency hard handover failure Description Number of outgoing intra-NodeB intra frequency hard handover attempt

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

2008 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

147

Handover Control Feature Description

Counter No. C301410625 C301410626 C301410627 C301410628 C301410629 C301410630 C301410631 C301410632 C301410633 C301410634 C301410635 C301410636 C301410637 C301410638 C301410639 C301410640 C301410641 C301410642 C301410643 C301410644 C301410645 C301410646 C301410647 C301410648 C301410649 C301410650 C301410651 C301410652 C301410653 C301410654 C301410655 C301410656 C301410657 C301410658 C301410659 C301410660

Description Number of outgoing intra-NodeB inter frequency hard handover attempt

Number of outgoing intra-NodeB inter frequency hard handover failure

Number of outgoing inter-NodeB,intra-RNC intra frequency hard handover attempt

Number of outgoing inter-NodeB,intra-RNC intra frequency hard handover failure

Number of outgoing inter-NodeB,intra-RNC inter frequency hard handover attempt

Number of outgoing inter-NodeB,intra-RNC inter frequency hard handover failure

Number of outgoing inter-RNC intra frequency hard handover via Iur attempt

Number of outgoing inter-RNC intra frequency hard handover via Iur failure

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

2008 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

148

Handover Control Feature Description

Counter No. C301410661 C301410662 C301410663 C301410664 C301410665 C301410666 C301410667 C301410668 C301410669 C301500136 C301500137 C301500138 C301500139 C301500140 C301500141 C301500142 C301500143 C301500144 C301500145 C301500146 C301500147 C301500148 C301500149 C301500150 C301500151

Description Number of outgoing inter-RNC inter frequency hard handover via Iur attempt

Number of outgoing inter-RNC inter frequency hard handover via Iur failure

Number of outgoing hard handover attempted,by channel and traffic

Number of outgoing hard handover Success,by channel and traffic

13.1.8

Transfer between HSPA and DCH due to Cell Mobility


Counter No. C301450826 C301450827 C301450828 C301450829 C301450830 C301450831 C301450832 C301450833 C301450834 C301450835 Number of inter frequency HS-DSCH to DCH attempt due to moving Number of intra frequency HS-DSCH to DCH failure due to moving Description Number of intra frequency HS-DSCH to DCH attempt due to moving

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

2008 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

149

Handover Control Feature Description

Counter No. C301450836 C301450837 C301450838 C301450839 C301450840 C301450841 C301450842 C301450843 C301450844 C301450845 C301450846 C301450847 C301450848 C301450849 C301450850 C301450851 C301450852 C301450853 C301450854 C301450855 C301450856 C301450857 C301450858 C301450859 C301450860 C301450861 C301451186 C301451187 C301451188 C301451189 C301451190 C301451191 C301451192 C301451193 C301451194 C301451195 C301451196 C301451197 C301451198

Description

Number of inter frequency HS-DSCH to DCH failure due to moving

Number of intra frequency DCH to HS-DSCH attempt due to moving

Number of intra frequency DCH to HS-DSCH failure due to moving

Number of inter frequency DCH to HS-DSCH attempt due to moving

Number of inter frequency DCH to HS-DSCH failure due to moving

Number of intra frequency E-DCH to DCH attempt due to moving

Number of intra frequency E-DCH to DCH failure due to moving

Number of inter frequency E-DCH to DCH attempt due to moving Number of inter frequency E-DCH to DCH failure due to moving

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

2008 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

150

Handover Control Feature Description

Counter No. C301451199 C301451200 C301451201 C301451202 C301451203 C301451204 C301451205 C301451206 C301451207 C301451208 C301451209 C301451210 C301451211 C301451212 C301451213 C301451214 C301451215 C301451216 C301451217 C301451218 C301451219 C301451220 C301451221

Description

Number of intra frequency DCH to E-DCH attempt due to moving

Number of intra frequency DCH to E-DCH failure due to moving

Number of inter frequency DCH to E-DCH attempt due to moving

Number of inter frequency DCH to E-DCH failure due to moving

13.1.9

Cell HSPA Handover to 2G Statistics


Counter No. C301460862 C301460863 C301460864 C301460865 C301460866 C301460867 C301461173 C301461174 C301461175 C301461176 C301461177 C301461178 Number of E-DCH to 2G handover failure Number of E-DCH to 2G handover attempt Number of HS-DSCH to 2G handover failure Description Number of HS-DSCH to 2G handover attempt

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

2008 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

151

Handover Control Feature Description

13.1.10

Cell Inter-RAT Handover Statistics


Counter No. C301490941 C301490942 C301490943 C301490944 C301490945 C301490946 C301490947 C301490948 C301490949 C301490950 C301490951 C301490952 C301490953 C301490954 C301490955 C301490956 C301490957 C301490958 C301490959 C301490960 C301490961 C301490962 C301490963 C301490964 C301490965 C301490966 C301490967 C301490968 C301490969 C301490970 C301490971 C301490972 C301490973 C301490974 C301490975 C301490976 C301490977 C301490978 Number of attempted outgoing PS inter-RAT handovers Number of failed outgoing CS inter-RAT handovers Number of attempted outgoing CS inter-RAT handovers Number of failed relocation preparation for outgoing CS inter-RAT handovers Number of attempted relocation preparation for outgoing CS interRAT handovers Number of attempted incoming inter-RAT handover for PS domain Number of successful incoming inter-RAT handover for PS domain Number of failed incoming inter-RAT handover for CS domain Number of attempted incoming inter-RAT handover for CS domain Description

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

2008 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

152

Handover Control Feature Description

Counter No. C301490979 C301490980 C301490981 C301490982 C301490983

Description

Number of failed outgoing PS inter-RAT handovers

13.1.11

Inter-cell Hard Handover Statistics


Counter No. C301500000 C301500001 C301500002 C301500003 C301500004 C301500005 C301500006 C301500007 C301500008 C301500009 C301500010 C301500011 C301500012 C301500013 C301500014 C301500015 C301500016 C301500017 C301500018 C301500019 C301500020 C301500021 C301500022 C301500023 C301500024 C301500025 C301500026 Number of outgoing inter-NodeB,intra-RNC intra frequency hard handover failure Number of outgoing inter-NodeB,intra-RNC intra frequency hard handover attempt Number of outgoing intra-NodeB inter frequency hard handover failure Number of outgoing intra-NodeB inter frequency hard handover attempt Number of outgoing intra-NodeB intra frequency hard handover failure Description Number of outgoing intra-NodeB intra frequency hard handover attempt

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

2008 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

153

Handover Control Feature Description

Counter No. C301500027 C301500028 C301500029 C301500030 C301500031 C301500032 C301500033 C301500034 C301500035 C301500036 C301500037 C301500038 C301500039 C301500040 C301500041 C301500042 C301500043 C301500044 C301500045 C301500046 C301500047 C301500048 C301500049 C301500050 C301500051 C301500052 C301500053 C301500054 C301500055 C301500056 C301500057 C301500058 C301500059 C301500060 C301500061 C301500062

Description Number of outgoing inter-NodeB,intra-RNC inter frequency hard handover attempt

Number of outgoing inter-NodeB,intra-RNC inter frequency hard handover failure

Number of outgoing inter-RNC intra frequency hard handover via Iur attempt

Number of outgoing inter-RNC intra frequency hard handover via Iur failure

Number of outgoing inter-RNC inter frequency hard handover via Iur attempt

Number of outgoing inter-RNC inter frequency hard handover via Iur failure

Number of outgoing inter-RNC intra frequency hard handover switching in the CN attempt

Number of outgoing inter-RNC intra frequency hard handover switching in the CN failure

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

2008 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

154

Handover Control Feature Description

Counter No. C301500063 C301500064 C301500065 C301500066 C301500067 C301500068 C301500069 C301500070 C301500071

Description Number of outgoing inter-RNC inter frequency hard handover switching in the CN attempt

Number of outgoing inter-RNC inter frequency hard handover switching in the CN failure

13.1.12

Inter-cell Soft Handover Statistics


Counter No. C301770072 C301770073 C301770074 C301770075 C301770076 C301770077 C301770078 C301770079 C301770080 C301770081 C301770082 C301770083 C301770084 C301770085 C301770086 C301770087 C301770088 C301770089 C301770090 C301770091 C301770092 C301770093 C301770094 Number of attempted soft handover between cells Number of Successful soft handover between cells Number of failed soft handover between cells,by cause Number of failed radio link deletion for soft handover between cells,by cause Number of attempted radio link deletion for soft handover between cells Number of Successful radio link deletion for soft handover between cells Number of failed radio link addition for soft handover between cells,by cause Description Number of attempted radio link addition for soft handover between cells Number of Successful radio link addition for soft handover between cells

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

2008 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

155

Handover Control Feature Description

Counter No. C301770095 C301770096 C301770097 C301770098 C301770099 C301770100 C301770101 C301770103

Description

Statistics of soft handover between cells for monitor set

13.1.13

Inter-RAT Cell Handover Statistics


Counter No. C301510000 C301510001 C301510002 C301510003 C301510004 C301510005 C301510006 C301510007 C301510008 C301510009 C301510010 C301510011 C301510012 C301510013 C301510014 C301510015 C301510016 C301510017 C301510018 C301510019 C301510020 C301510021 C301510022 C301510023 C301510024 C301510025 C301510026 Number of attempted outgoing PS inter-RAT handovers Number of failed outgoing PS inter-RAT handovers Number of failed outgoing CS inter-RAT handovers Number of attempted outgoing CS inter-RAT handovers Number of failed relocation preparation for outgoing CS inter-RAT handovers Number of attempted relocation preparation for outgoing CS interRAT handovers Description

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

2008 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

156

Handover Control Feature Description

Counter No. C301510027 C301510028 C301500129 C301500130 C301500131 C301500132 C301500133 C301500134 C301500135 C301500136 C301500137 C301500138 C301500139 C301500140 C301500141 C301500142 C301500143 C301500144

Description

Number of attempted outgoing inter-RAT handovers,by Channel and traffic

Number of Failure outgoing inter-RAT handovers,by Channel and traffic

13.2

Alarm List
This feature has no related alarm.

14

Glossary
B BLER C CIO CPICH CS CTCP D DTCP Dedicated transmitted code power Cell individual offset Common Pilot Channel Circuit switched Common transmitted carrier power Block error ratio

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

2008 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

157

Handover Control Feature Description

E Ec/No band G GSM GERAN H HSDPA HSUPA I IMS IMSI M MBMS O OLPC P PS R RAB RNC RRC RSCP S SF SIR T TFCS Transport format combination set Spreading Factor Signal to interference ratio Radio access bearer Radio network controller Radio resource control Received Signal Code Power Packet switched Outer loop power control Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Service IP Multimedia Sub-system International Mobile Subscriber Identity High speed downlink packet access High speed uplink packet access Global system for mobile communciations GSM/EDGE Radio Access Network Received energy per chip divided by the power density in the

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

2008 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

158

Handover Control Feature Description

TG TGD TGL TGSN TGPL TTI U UE UTRAN W WCDMA

Transmission Gap Transmission Gap start Distance Transmission Gap Length Transmission Gap Starting Slot Number Transmission Gap Pattern Length Transmission time interval

User equipment UMTS Terrestrial radio access network

Wideband CDMA, Code division multiple access

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

2008 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

159