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Engineering Support Service – Network Performance Consultancy

Timing Parameter
T300 N300 T312 N312 T313 N313 T314 T315 N315

November 28, 2006 Consultancy & Integration, Taiwan

Company Confidential
1 © 2005 Nokia

T300 N300

Company Confidential
2 © 2005 Nokia

Parameter Setting (T300. N300) Company Confidential 3 © 2005 Nokia .

Start TX/RX NBAP: RL Setup Response ALCAP:ERQ ALCAP:ECF [FACH] RRC: RRC Connection Setup RNC sends RRC Connection Setup -message S Start TX/RX L1 Synchronisation NBAP: Synchronisation Indication [DCH] RRC: RRC Connection Setup Complete UE sends RRC Connection Request message BTS Starts sending DPCCH: Pilot and TPC & Starts UL synchronization procedure BTS sends: NBAP RADIO LINK SETUP RESPONSE message UE start sending DPCCH for UL sync purposes (pilot) after DL sync is established NEMO Company Confidential 4 © 2005 Nokia .RRC Setup & Access Phase T300_N300 UE Node B [RACH] RRC:RRC Connection Request NBAP: RL Setup Request RNC RNC receives RRC Connection Request and starts buffering timer N300 (3) *T300 ( 2s) Timer T300= 2s is started NBAP:RL Setup Request RNC starts timers T_RRC_Resp_CCH (6 s).

T312 N312 Company Confidential 5 © 2005 Nokia .

N312) Company Confidential 6 © 2005 Nokia .Parameter Setting (T312.

RRC Setup & Access Phase T312_N312 UE Node B [RACH] RRC:RRC Connection Request NBAP: RL Setup Request RNC Start TX/RX NBAP: RL Setup Response ALCAP:ERQ 1 Start TX/RX [FACH] RRC: RRC Connection Setup 2 4 L1 Synchronisation NBAP: Synchronisation Indication [DCH] RRC: RRC Connection Setup Complete 3 N_INSYNC_IND =8 (80 ms) indicators on L1 3 L1 Synchronization established BTS sends NBAP: SYNCHRONIZATION INDICATION -message RNC receives RRC Connection Setup Complete –message -> Timer T312 started 1 UE initiates physical dedicated channel establishment before sending e. PC preamble & sRB-delay amount of DPCCH frames . RRC Connection Setup Complete –message on DPDCH Company Confidential Other cases HHO. FACH=>DCH7 © 2005 state Nokia transitions 2 “in sync” indicators on L1 Timer T312=6s stopped 4 PC preamble & sRBdelay amount of DPCCH frames sent by UE RRC Connection Setup Complete –message SENT after PC preamble & sRB delay TSLs from DL sync is achieved N312=4 L1 “in sync” indicators L1 Synchronization established UE starts to send UL DPCCH.g.

Each Sync time of UE and BTS • First CPHY-Sync-IND need after 160 ms achieving the DPCH establishment • Every frame = 10 ms • If N312 =1 around 170 ms • If N312 =4 = around 200 ms • If N312 =100 = around 1160 ms • If N312 = 400 = around 4160 ms • So. the each Sync time of UE and BTS is “10 ms” Use NEMO for test Company Confidential 8 © 2005 Nokia .

T313 N313 N315 T314 CS Call Company Confidential 9 © 2005 Nokia .

Parameter Setting (T313. T314) Company Confidential 10 © 2005 Nokia . N315. N313.

500 ms) amount of “out of sync” indicators Company Confidential 11 © 2005 Nokia . after receiving N313 consecutive "out of sync" indications from layer 1 for the established DPCCH physical channel in FDD the UE • start timer T313 • upon receiving N315 successive "in sync" indications from layer 1 and upon change of UE state: • stop and reset timer T313 Timer T313 (8 s) started Timer T313 stopped and reset “out of sync” indicators “in sync ” indicators on L1 N315=2 (20 ms) L1 “in sync” indicators N313 ( 50.Dropped RABs – RAB_ACT_FAIL_VOICE_RADIO • Radio link failure detection in DL is based on counter N313 (counting “out of sync” indicator) and timer T313 in UE • In CELL_DCH State.

. T314=0 => UE releases RT bearers locally. T314 = 0s in current release T_L1_Sync_ReEstab_Wait –timer started in RNC = 2s T_L1_Sync_ReEstab_Wait –timer expired RT 4 T314 value is checked. detected timer T_RL_Failure expires 3 NBAP:RADIO LINK FAILURE Timer T_L1_Sync_ReEstab_Wait –timer started in RNC =2s expires T314=0 => RNC sends an Iu Release Request to the CS-CN. T314 = 0s in current release 1 Timer T313 started “out of sync” indicators N313 amount of “out of sync” indicators Company Confidential 12 © 2005 Nokia re-establishment for RT services=0 RT RBs released locally 2 RNC receives NBAP:RADIO LINK FAILURE –message form BTS with a cause value "Synchronization Failure" No re-establishment for RT services in current release The Iu release request with a cause value ‘Failure in Radio Interface Procedure’ is sent to the CN.Dropped RABs – RAB_ACT_FAIL_VOICE_RADIO UE BTS NBAP RNC MGW 1 MS is in CELL_DCH state UE loses radio connection Loss of L1 sync. 2 4 RRC connection release Iu Release Request Iu Release command Timer T_RLFAILURE started N_OUTSYNC_IND “out of sync” indicators = 8 Timer T_RLFAILURE expires = 2s Timer T313 expires Radio Link Failure 3 RT T314 value is checked.

AMR Transaction lost due to radio failure (out-of-sync) (Global) Network View T_L1_Sync_ReEstab_Wait = 2 s T_L1_sync_re_estab = 2s Company Confidential 13 © 2005 Nokia .T314=0 .

it might be out of sync due to UL interference or DL pilot pollution “out of sync” indicators N313 amount of “out of sync” indicators Timer T313 expires RT RBs released locally Company Confidential 14 © 2005 Nokia .NEMO_Dropped RABs if a lot of MR.

Compare CHT and VIBO call drop situation T313 was changed from 3 to 8s UE can wait more time to keep radio link CHT VIBO T313: 3 s N313: 20 (200 ms) T313: 5 s N313: 50 (500 ms) Company Confidential 15 © 2005 Nokia Around 3.2 s Around 5.5 s .

T313 N313 N315 T315 PS Call Company Confidential 16 © 2005 Nokia .

T313. N313.Parameter Setting (T302. T315) Company Confidential 17 © 2005 Nokia . N302. N315.

according to T302 T315 expired Company Confidential 18 © 2005 Nokia . the waiting of RRC connection reestablishment is initiated Next slide Cell Reselection T302 running => continue to wait response to cell update. then all NRT radio bearers are released locally and the Iu release request with a cause value ‘Radio Connection With UE Lost’ is sent to the PS CN(s) Re-establishment timer T315 started When the criteria for radio link failure are fulfilled.Dropped RABs – RAB_ACT_FAIL_PS_BACK_RADIO T_L1_Sync_ReEstab_Wait –timer started in RNC = 2s Timer T_RLFAILURE started Timer T_RLFAILURE expires=2s no RRC:CELL UPDATE message is received from the UE -> the Iu release request with a cause value ‘Radio Connection With UE Lost’ is sent to the PS-CN RRC_ConnRe-estabTmr –timer expired RRC: CELL UPDATE received Next slide N_OUTSYNC_IND “out of sync” indicators = 8 Timer T313 expires Radio Link Failure RNC receives NBAP:RADIO LINK FAILURE –message form BTS with a cause value "Synchronization Failure" T_L1_Sync_ReEstab_Wa it –timer expired RRC_ConnRe-estabTmr -timer started : T315 + (T302*N302) = 30 + ( 4*7 ) = 58s N313 =50 “out of sync” indicators Timer T313=8s started NRT T315 value is checked If T315 = 0. NRT radio bearers are associated with T315 NRT If T315 > 0. The timer is started only if radio bearer(s) that are associated with T315 exist.

detected timer T_RL_Failure expires NBAP:RADIO LINK FAILURE NBAP_rl_failure T315>0 => UE initiates a cell selection procedure and starts reestab. the HC is informed for the RL failure rl_fail_ind NBAP_rl_rel_req Radio Link Deletion branch_deletion_req Suitable UTRAN cell can be selected within T315 => UE moves to CELL_FACH state RRC:CELL UPDATE [Cause: Radio Link Failure] NBAP_rl_rel_resp rrc_cell_update_req RRC:UTRAN MOBILITY INFORMATION CONFIRM RRC:CELL UPDATE CONFIRM [New C-RNTI] Cell update received from UE before the reestablishment timer expires UE is in CELL_FACH state Traffic Volume Measurements is sent RRC:MEASUREMENT CONTROL [Traffic Volume Measurements] Capacity request received from the UE or MAC-c entity capacity_req capacity_allocation Company Confidential 19 © 2005 Nokia State transition from CELL_FACH to CELL_DCH state executed UE is in CELL_DCH state . Timer (T315) Timer RRC_ConnRe-estabTmr expires T315>0 => RNC initiates a release of the (dedicated radio resources and starts a Re-establishment timer: T315 + (T302*N302) = 30+(4*7) = 58s If more than one RL.Dropped RABs – RAB_ACT_FAIL_PS_BACKG_RADIO UE BTS NBAP RNC NBAP RNC RRC-c RNC RRC RNC RRM MS is in CELL_DCH state UE loses radio connection Loss of L1 sync.

Network View T315=0 – PS Transaction lost due to radio failure (out-of-sync) (Global) T_L1_Sync_ReEstab _Wait = 2 s expire T_RLFAILURE = T_L1_sync_re_estab = 2s Company Confidential 20 © 2005 Nokia .

Network View T315=10 sec – PS Transaction lost due to radio failure (no Cell Update received within T_rrc_conn_re_estab)(Global) T_L1_Sync_ReEstab _Wait = 2 s expire T_rrc_conn_re_estab = T315 + (N302 * T302) = 10 + (7 * 2) sec = 24 sec Company Confidential 21 © 2005 Nokia .

UE View (Global) T315=10 sec PS Transaction lost due to radio failure • PS Call dropped due to radio failure • T315 expires in UE • PS transaction re-established by PS Core Paging • UE will then answer by RRC_Connection_Request with cause “termination background call” Note: Timestamps not aligned with RNC System time Company Confidential 22 © 2005 Nokia .

Network View T315=10 sec – PS Transaction re-established after radio failure Cell Update (RLF) received before T_rrc_conn_re_estab expiry (Global) T_L1_Sync_ReEstab _Wait = 2 s expire Cell_Update received before T_rrc_conn_re_estab (=24 sec) expiry Cell Update (radiolinkFailure) Company Confidential 23 © 2005 Nokia .

UE View (Global) T315=10 sec PS Transaction re-established after radio failure • similar scenario than previous slide • Cell Update retrieves data call Note: Timestamps not aligned with RNC System time Company Confidential 24 © 2005 Nokia .

Test Result Company Confidential 25 © 2005 Nokia .

Network Base T313 test Result in Network Company Confidential 26 © 2005 Nokia .

RNC Base T315 Tuning result Company Confidential 27 © 2005 Nokia .