Sie sind auf Seite 1von 1

DURA SEAL MANUAL

/ SECTION VI/PAGE

2

unt i l th e seco nd f ilt e r r e quir es a tt e nti o n .

A

charging c lean liqu i d t o t he fl ush c o n n e ction

t y pi ca l

du a l filt e ring

sys t e m i s i llustrat e d

in

over t he s eal f a c e s.

Fi g ure VI-A .

A c y c lone se parat o r i s n o thing mor e than a

Th e liquid e nt e rin g the filter s h e ll mu s t

c ont i nuous flow c entrifug e . Part ic le se parati o n

pa ss through th e filt e r e l e m e nt before

rea c hing

is accomplish e d a s illu s tr a t e d

in Figur e VI - B .

th e o utlet co nne c ti o n . The filter elem e nt s them - se l v es ar e made from v a ri o u s material s, the m os t

c ommon b e ing co tt o n ,

ca pable of filt e ring parti c l es down to 2 mi c ron s in s i ze. Sin ce th ese m a t e ri a l s vary w i d e l y in th e ir r es i s t a n ce to c h e mi ca l a tt ac k , c ar e mu s t b e

exe r c i se d in se l ec t i ng a n e l e ment co mp a tibl e with the liquid t o b e f ilt e red . S o m e indu s tri a l f ilt e r s are equipped with a b y pa ss va l ve whi c h o p e n s and allow s th e liquid t o c ir c um ve nt th e f ilt e r when th e e l e ment be- co m es c l ogge d , thu s in s uring a c ontinu o u s flow .

Oth e r f ilt e r s, n o t e quipp e d with

h ave a f l ow m e t e r i n s t a ll ed o n th e d isc h a rg e s id e

of th e fil t e r m an i fold . Mo nit o ring th is f l ow m e t e r

t h e u se r

a t p r ede t e rmi n ed i nt e r va l s w i II t e ll wh e n a f ilt e r c h a n ge i s n ec e ss ar y .

paper , and fib e rgla ss

a b y p ass, s h o uld

Vl.l.2

CYCLONE SEPARATORS (DURA DIRT DIVERTERS)

A cyc l o n e se p a r ator i s a n o th e r d ev i ce that

ca n b e u se d t o r e m ove ab r as i ve parti c l es f r o m a

by p ass f lu s h sys t e m . I t is p a rt ic ul a rl y s u i t e d fo r

a r e co n ti nu a ll y

be in g introdu ce d into th e sys t e m , m a kin g i t

im p r actical to c omp l ete l y r e m ove t h e m f r o m

an appl i ca ti o n of thi s ty p e ,

p r ocesses w h e r e for e ig n part i c l es

t h e p r o c ess l iq ui d . In

w h ere th e di rt y p r od u ct i s c ir c ul a t e d o nl y

thr o u g h th e p um p b e fore m ov in g o n to o th e r

p r ocesses , fi lt e r s wo u ld ra pidl y b eco m e c l ogge d . Ab r asive p a rti c l es a l so m ay be a ve r y n ecessa r y par t of a l i quid ' s co m pos iti o n . A cyc l o n e se p a r a- to r , th e r efo r e , d oes n o t co ll ec t and r e t a in th e

so li ds it r e m oves , but s impl y

o n ce

s ep a rat es a nd

r e turn s th e m t o th e pr ocess system w h ile

d is-

Liquid is piped from th e di sc h a r ge of th e pump to the feed of the c y c l o n e se parator whi c h i s

dri l i ed on a tang e nt t o th e co n e s hap e d b o r e

inside the c y c lon e b o dy . Thi s ca u ses th e liquid to spin around th e wall s of th e b o r e up o n e ntr y. Th e resulting c entrifu ga l fo r ce displ aces th e so lids from th e ce nt e r t o th e o ut s id e o f th e whirling liquid . Th e liquid co ntain i ng th e so lid s follows the vortex fl o w t o th e und e rfl ow , w hil e

up t o th e ove r -

flow and c an be pip e d t o the sea l . Th e l i quid

the lighter c lean liquid fl ows

c ontaining c on ce ntr a t e d

the proce s s b y a lin e co nn ecti n g t o th e p ump

so l ids i s r e turn e d t o

s u c tion from th e b o tt o m

of t h e se p a r a t o r . A

Cle.n Liquid

O.erflow

Abrasi.e

Feed

Liquid Mon.

Inward .nd

Upward AI Spiralling

Vortn

FIG. VI-B PRINCIPLES OF A CYCLONE SEPARATOR

Slurry Rotation Oevelopes High Centrifug.1 Forces Throughout Cyclone

Suspended

Solid. Ori.en

Toward Cyclone W.II end

Abrasi.e

Underflow

Oownw.rd in Accelerating

Spiral