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American capitalization

Capitalization is writing the first word with capital letter, whereas all other words in the sentence are written in small letters. American capitalization differs in several aspects from British one. Here are some of the basic rules of American capitalization. 1. The first word of the sentence is always capitalized !erric" has decided to live the country# $here does he want to go% &. The first word of the direct 'uotation, e(cept in cases when the 'uotation is split. )eter e(claimed *+t is preposterous###, *+ do not thin" so,, -lisabeth replied, *in my opinion he could do this., .. All the first words of the lines of the poems. /012 fairest creatures we desire increase, That thereby beauty3s rose might never die, But as the riper should by time decease, His tender heir might bear his memory * 4 $illiam 5ha"espeare6. 7. The names of individuals, companies, organizations as well as different historical periods and some events 89, $hite House, 5tate !epartment, $inston Churchill, the 0epublican )arty. :. The names of all geographical places as well as the names of continent, districts, rivers, oceans and la"es. ;reat Britain, <ondon, )ersian ;ulf, )acific 1cean. =ou should capitalize the compass points, e(cept in cases when the specific region is mentioned. >. The names of the boats, ship as well as the names of the aircrafts, such as 5t <ouis, Bernard, Caronis. ?. The name of races, nationalities as well as languages ;erman, Croatian, /rench, Hispanic. @. The names of close relatives, when the name of the member of the family is used as a title 8ncle 5am, Aunt Christine, Aunt )aula. A. The professional title of the person, when it is written before hisBher name. ;eneral Clar", )resident Bush, )rofessor 5uttons. 1C. All the first letters in the headings of the movies, plays and novels. An -(tremely ;oofy 2ovie, The magic s"in. , 11. *The, in the names of the periodicals, when it comprises the part of the title. The $ashington Times. 1&. /irst letters in the greetings and salutations, such as !ear Clare, =ours ever. 1.. -pithets in the names of the places and different persons 1ld Dustin, the /oggy Town. 17. The word *+, should be always capitalized. + reconsidered his decision. 1:. Biblical names as well the names of sacred places and wor"s the Eoran, 2athew, Desus. 1>. The names of the days of the wee" as well as months and holidays 4including religious ones6 2onday, April, Christmas. 1?. The names of some definite Courts 5upreme Court of the 8nited 5tates, 5cottish High Court. 1@. The name of the treaties, such as 9orth Atlantic Treaty, Copyright law, Corporative law. 1A. Trademar"s of goods and services. &C. The names of different geological eras, such as 5tone Age, )aleozoic age, Bronze Age. &1. The names of all planets and the names of the stars 5aturn, Dupiter, 2ars. &&. 2any <atin names of biological and zoological classes, e(cept genera. &.. 5ome abbreviations, such as 9AT1, 89.

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American punctuation
American punctuation li"e everything American, differs in some aspects from its -nglish analogue. 1. )eriods as well as commas must be in the 'uotation mar"s. ;eorge said , +t is not possible., His friend replied, *Certainly, + agree, but her face said,, + totally disagree with you., &. All ellipsis dots must be put into brac"ets. /or e(ample, if you would li"e to Hettison the part of the sentence *from these poor people, from this untenable humdrum of country life, from rainy and cold days, the sentence should loo" li"e following + was running away I. . .J to much brighter and more pleasant future. .. 8se period if the ellipses occur at the end of the phrase /irst he visited 9ew =or". Boston was the second city he traveled to. The third city was 2iami. +f you try to omit the te(t, you should present the 'uotations as following */irst he visited 9ew =or". I. . .J.The third city was 2iami. * 7. The following are typical e(amples of citations for 2<A style. +f you intend to omit the name of the authors in the te(t, then the names of the authors should be mentioned in the parenthetical references. He was very shy and could not understand what she was hinting at. 4Cables, 1AA?6. However, if you intend to mention the name of the writer then the number of the page should be included. He was very shy and could not understand what she was hinting at 4&?16. :. +f you 'uote something, either comma or colon should be used along with capital letters. Hue told, *+ thought it had been resolved., Clare remar"ed, *+ discussed all possibilities with your assistant., $hen the word *that, is used as internal

introduction no comma, colon or capital letter should be used 4the only e(ception is when the proper name is used6. +nformal introductions are widely used in the middle of the sentences. Clarington claimed that the act constituted *the serious and unwarranted crime., However, there is no correct combination thus one should avoid using coma after *that,. $rong ;reg Tuesons says that, *=ou should provide me with some e(amples on this order., Kuotations must be distinguished when you 'uote within other 'uotations. Clare e(claimed, * + refused to accept this 3offer3 Las you name it., >. 8se apostrophe to indicate the possession of the nouns. +f noun is singular, then apostrophe as well as s should be used )eterMs cat was seen at DasonMs house. However, if the nouns are plurals, then apostrophe as well as s is added to the plural form of the word. 1ne should forget that many of the words, such as theirs and his, are possessive 4for e(ample itMs is the contraction of the phrase *it is,6. ?. The hyphen should be distinguished from the dash. !ash consists of two hyphens, without any space on either side. @. 8sing the parenthesis in American punctuations is similar to British one He claimed he "new her 4who did not "now her in that city%6.

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