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W k h 5.1 Workshop 51 Linear Structural Analysis

Introduction to ANSYS Mechanical


ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. Release 13.0 November 2010

WS5.1-1

Introduction to ANSYS Mechanical

Goals

Customer Training Material

Workshop 4 consists of a 5 part assembly representing an impeller type pump. Our primary goals are to analyze the assembly with a preload on the belt of 100N to test:
That the impeller will not deflect more than 0.075mm with the applied load. That the use of a plastic pump housing will not exceed the materials elastic limits around the shaft bore bore.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5.1-2

Release 13.0 November 2010

Introduction to ANSYS Mechanical

Assumptions

Customer Training Material

Well assume the pump housing is rigidly mounted to the rest of the pump assembly. To simulate this, a frictionless support is applied to the mounting face. Similarly, frictionless surfaces on the mounting hole counter bores will be used to simulate the mounting bolt contacts. (Note if accurate stresses were desired at the mounting holes, a compression only support would ld be b a better b choice). h i ) Finally, a bearing load (X = 100 N) is used on the pulley to simulate the load from the drive belt. The bearing load will distribute the force over the th face f of f the th pulley ll only l where h the th belt b lt contact t t occurs.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5.1-3

Release 13.0 November 2010

Introduction to ANSYS Mechanical

Project Schematic Open the Project page. From the Units menu verify:

Customer Training Material

Project units are set to Metric Metric (kg, mm, s, C, mA, mV). mV) . Display Values in Project Units is checked (on).

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5.1-4

Release 13.0 November 2010

Introduction to ANSYS Mechanical

. . . Project Schematic
1. From the Toolbox insert a Static Structural system into the Project Schematic.
1.

Customer Training Material

2. From the Geometry cell, RMB and Import Geometry > Browse. Browse . Import the file Pump_assy_3.stp.
2.

3. Double click the Model cell to start the Mechanical application.


3.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5.1-5

Release 13.0 November 2010

Introduction to ANSYS Mechanical

Preprocessing
4. Set the working unit system:
Units > Metric (mm, kg, N, s, mV, mA).
4.

Customer Training Material

5. Add Polyethylene y y the Engineering g g Data (return to Workbench window):


a. Double click the Engineering Data cell. b. Activate the Data Source toggle gg and highlight g g General Materials and click the + sign next to Polyethylene. b. c. Return to Project.

a.

c.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5.1-6

Release 13.0 November 2010

Introduction to ANSYS Mechanical

. . . Preprocessing
6. Refresh the Model cell:
a. RMB > Refresh.

Customer Training Material

6a.

Return to the Mechanical window.

7 Ch 7. Change the th material t i l on the th pump housing:


a. Highlight PumpHousing under geometry geometry. b. From details change the material assignment to Polyethylene.

7a.

7b.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5.1-7

Release 13.0 November 2010

Introduction to ANSYS Mechanical

. . . Preprocessing
8. Change the contact region behavior for the first 4 contact regions (shown below):
a. Hold the shift key and highlight the first 4 contact branches. b. From the detail window change the contact type to no separation. The Th remainder i d of f the th contacts t t will ill be b left l ft as bonded.

Customer Training Material

a.

b.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5.1-8

Release 13.0 November 2010

Introduction to ANSYS Mechanical

Environment
9. Apply the bearing load to the pulley:
a. b. c. d. Highlight the Static Structural branch. Highlight the pulleys groove surface. RMB > I Insert t>B Bearing i L Load. d From the detail window change to Components and X = 100 N

Customer Training Material

a.

b. c. d.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5.1-9

Release 13.0 November 2010

Introduction to ANSYS Mechanical

. . . Environment
10. Apply supports to the assembly:
a. Highlight the mating face on the pump housing (part 1). b. RMB > Insert > Frictionless Support.

Customer Training Material

a.

b.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5.1-10

Release 13.0 November 2010

Introduction to ANSYS Mechanical

. . . Environment

Customer Training Material

Now we will add the frictionless supports to the 8 countersink portions of the mounting holes (shown here). Each of the required surfaces could be selected individually while holding the CTRL key however we will use a macro (select by size) provided with the DS i installation. t ll ti After Aft selecting l ti the th initial i iti l surface, f running i the th macro finds fi d and selects all surfaces of the same size (area). Note, this macro also works with edges or bodies.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5.1-11

Release 13.0 November 2010

Introduction to ANSYS Mechanical

. . . Environment
11. Select the countersunk holes (selectbysize macro):
a. Highlight 1 of the countersink surfaces (arbitrary). ( y) b. Choose Tools > Run Macro . . . and browse to:

Customer Training Material

a.

C:\Program Files\ANSYSInc\v130\AISOL\DesignSpace\DSPages\macros c. In the browser choose selectBySize c selectBySize.js js d. Click Open

c.

b.

d d.
ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5.1-12

Release 13.0 November 2010

Introduction to ANSYS Mechanical

. . . Environment
12. Constrain the countersunk hole surfaces:
a. From the context menu, click on Supports and choose Frictionless Frictionless Support Support or RMB RMB > Insert > Frictionless Support

Customer Training Material

a.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5.1-13

Release 13.0 November 2010

Introduction to ANSYS Mechanical

Solution
13. Highlight the Analysis Settings and from the details window change Weak Springs from Program Program Controlled Controlled to Off Off .
Note : Because of the presence of frictionless supports non bonded contact, , Workbench-Mechanical will trigger gg the use of weak springs p g during the solution. If we know the model is fully constrained we can turn off this function. Before turning off weak springs make SURE that rigid body motion is prevented. Failing to do so can result in an unconverged solution.

Customer Training Material

13.

14. Solve the model:


Choose solve from the tool bar or RMB Solution branch and choose Solve.

14.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5.1-14

Release 13.0 November 2010

Introduction to ANSYS Mechanical

Postprocessing
15. Add results to solution:

Customer Training Material

a. Highlight the solution branch: b. From the context menu, choose Stresses > Equivalent (von-Mises) or RMB > Insert > Stress > Equivalent (von (von-Mises) Mises) c. Repeat the step above, choose Deformation > Total Deformation

Solve again. again


Note: adding results and resolving the model will not cause a complete solution to take place. Results are stored in the database and requesting results requires only an update.

b.

c.

a.
ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5.1-15

Release 13.0 November 2010

Introduction to ANSYS Mechanical

. . . Postprocessing

Customer Training Material

While the overall plots can be used as a reality check to verify our loads, the plots are less than ideal since much of the model is only slightly effected by them (results may vary slightly due to meshing differences). ff )

To improve the quality of results available we will scope results to individual parts.
ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5.1-16

Release 13.0 November 2010

Introduction to ANSYS Mechanical

. . . Postprocessing
16. Scope the results to individual bodies/surfaces:
a. Highlight the Solution branch and switch the selection filter to Body Body select mode. mode b. Select the impeller (part 2) c. RMB > Insert > Stress > equivalent (von- Mises)
Notice the detail for the new result indicates a scope of 1 Body.

Customer Training Material

a.

b.

17. Repeat the procedure above to insert Total Deformation results for the impeller part. 18. Repeat to add individually scoped stress and total deformation results to the pump housing (part 1).

c.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5.1-17

Release 13.0 November 2010

Introduction to ANSYS Mechanical

. . . Postprocessing
19. Rename the new results:

Customer Training Material

a. RMB on the result > Rename b. Rename the results as shown here to simplify postprocessing

b b. a. 20. Solve

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5.1-18

Release 13.0 November 2010

Introduction to ANSYS Mechanical

. . . Postprocessing

Customer Training Material

By checking the impeller deformation we can verify that one of our goals is met. The maximum deformation is approximately 0.024mm (goal < 0.075mm).

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5.1-19

Release 13.0 November 2010

Introduction to ANSYS Mechanical

. . . Postprocessing

Customer Training Material

Inspection of the housing stress shows that, overall, the stress levels are below the materials elastic limit (tensile yield = 25 MPa). We could again use scoping to isolate the results in the area of interest.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

WS5.1-20

Release 13.0 November 2010