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The Technological Revolution and The Future of Freedom

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by Andrew Gavin Marshall

June-July 2010 from GlobalResearch Website

Andrew Gavin Marshall is a Research Associate with the Centre for Research on Globalization (CRG), and is studying Political Econo y and !istory in Canada" !e is co#editor, with Michel Chossudovs$y, of the recent boo$, %&he Global Econo ic Crisis' &he Great (e)ression of the **+ Century,% available to order at Globalresearch"ca"

Part 1
The Global Political Awakening and the New World Order
June 2 ! 2010

There is a new and unique development in human history that is taking place around the world; it is unprecedented in reach and volume and it is greatest threat to all global power structures! the "global political awakening#$ The term was coined by "bi#niew $r%e%ins&i and re%ers to the %act that as &r'e'inski wrote!

(or the %irst time in history almost all o% humanity is politically activated politically conscious and politically interactive# Global activism is generating a surge in the quest %or cultural respect and economic opportunity in a world scarred by memories o% colonial or imperial dominat

,t is in essence this massive "global political awakening$ which presents the gravest and greatest challenge to the organi'ed powers o% globali'a the global political economy! nation-states multinational corporations and banks central banks international organi'ations military intelligence media and academic institutions#

The Transnational Capitalist Class .T//0 or "1uperclass$ as 'avid Roth&o(f re%ers to them are globali'ed like never be%ore#

(or the %irst time in history we have a truly global and heavily integrated elite# As elites have globali'ed their power seeking to construct a "new w order$ o% global governance and ultimately global government they have simultaneously globali'ed populations# The "Technological 2evolution$ .or "Technetronic$ 2evolution as &r'e'inski termed it in *3450 involves two ma6or geopolitical developments#

The %irst is that as technology advances systems o% mass communication rapidly accelerate and the world$s people are able to engage

instant communication with one another and gain access to in%ormation %rom around the world# ,n it lies the potential - and ultimately a central source - o% a massive global political awakening# 1imultaneously the Technological 2evolution has allowed elites to redirect and control society in ways never be%ore imagined ultimate culminating in a global scienti%ic dictatorship as many have warned o% since the early decades o% the 75th century#

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The potential for controlling the masses has never been so great, as science unleashes the power of genetics, biometrics, surveillance, and new modern eugenics; implemented by a scientific elite equipped with systems of psycho-social control (the use of psychology in controlling the mass

What is the Global Political Awakening?

To answer this question, it is best to let Zbigniew r!e!ins"i spea" for himself, since it is his term.

#n $%%&, Zbigniew r!e!ins"i published an article based on a speech he delivered to the 'ondon-based (hatham )ouse in their academic *ourna #nternational +ffairs. (hatham )ouse, formerly the ,oyal #nstitute of #nternational ,elations, is the ritish counterpart to the -.-based ,elations, both of which were founded in /&$/ as 0.ister #nstitutes1 to coordinate +nglo-+merican foreign policy. )is article, 02a*or foreign policy challenges for the ne3t -. 4resident,1 aptly analy!es the ma*or geopolitical challenges for the Obama leading the global hegemonic state at this critical *uncture. r!e!ins"i refers to the 5global political awa"ening6 as 0a truly transformative event on scene,1 since7

8or the first time in human history almost all of humanity is politically activated, politically conscious and politically interactive. There are only a fe of humanity left in the remotest corners of the world that are not politically alert and engaged with the political turmoil and stirrings that are so wid today around the world. The resulting global political activism is generating a surge in the quest for personal dignity, cultural respect and economic opportunity in a world scarred by memories of centuries-long alien colonial or imperial domination.9$:

r!e!ins"i posits that the 5global political awa"ening6 is one of the most dramatic and significant developments in geopolitics that has ever occurr 0is apparent in radically different forms from #raq to #ndonesia, from olivia to Tibet.1 +s the ;conomist e3plained,

0Though +merica has focused on its notion of what people want (democracy and the wealth created by free trade and open mar"ets), r!e! points in a different direction7 #t<s about dignity.1 8urther, argues r!e!ins"i, 0The worldwide yearning for human dignity is the central challenge inherent in the phenomenon of global political awa"ening.1

#n $%%=, r!e!ins"i wrote an essay for The +merican #nterest entitled, 0The >ilemma of the 'ast .overeign,1 in which he e3plains the geopolitical landscape that +merica and the world find themselves in. )e wrote that,

08or most states, sovereignty now verges on being a legal fiction,1 and he critically assessed the foreign policy ob*ectives and rhetoric of the ush administration.

r!e!ins"i has been an ardent critic of the 0war on terror1 and the rhetoric inherent in it, namely that of the demoni!ation of #slam and 2uslim peo which constitute one of the fastest growing populations and the fastest growing religion in the world. r!e!ins"i fears the compound negative affects this can have on +merican foreign policy and the ob*ectives and aspirations of global power. )e writes7

+merica needs to face squarely a centrally important new global reality7 that the world<s population is e3periencing a political awa"ening unprecedented in scope and intensity, with the result that the politics of populism are transforming the politics of power. The need to respond that massive phenomenon poses to the uniquely sovereign +merica an historic dilemma7 ?hat should be the central definition of +merica<s global role@9A:

r!e!ins"i e3plains that formulating a foreign policy based off of one single event - the .eptember //th terror attac"s - has both legitimi!ed illegal measures (torture, suspension of habeas corpus, etc) and has launched and pacified citi!ens to accepting the 0global war on terror,1 a war withou The rhetoric and emotions central to this global foreign policy created a wave of patriotism and feelings of redemption and revenge. Thus, r!e!ins"i e3plains7

There was no need to be more precise as to who the terrorists actually were, where they came from, or what historical motives, religious passions or political grievances had focused their hatred on +merica. Terrorism thus replaced .oviet nuclear weapons as the principal threa and terrorists (potentially omnipresent and generally identified as 2uslims) replaced communists as the ubiquitous menace.9=:

r!e!ins"i e3plains that this foreign policy, which has inflamed anti-+mericanism around the world, specifically in the 2uslim world, which was th target population of 5terrorist6 rhetoric, has in fact further inflamed the 5global political awa"ening6. r!e!ins"i writes that7

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[T]he central challenge of our time is posed not by global terrorism, but rather by the intensifying turbulence caused by the phenomenon of g political awakening. That awakening is socially massive and politically radicalizing.[6]

This global political awakening , !rzezinski writes, while uni"ue in its global scope today, originates in the ideas and actions of the #rench $evol which was central in %transforming modern politics through the emergence of a socially powerful national consciousness.& !rzezinski e'plains the evolution of the awakening ( )uring the subse"uent *+6 years, political awakening has spread gradually but ine'orably like an ink blot.

,urope of +-.-, and more generally the nationalist movements of the late +/th and early *0th centuries, reflected the new politics of populist passions and growing mass commitment. 1n some places that combination embraced utopian 2anichaeism for which the !olshevik $evolut +/+3, the #ascist assumption of power in 1taly in +/**, and the 4azi seizure of the 5erman state in +/66 were the launch7pads.

The political awakening also swept 8hina, precipitating several decades of civil conflict. 9nti7colonial sentiments galvanized 1ndia, where the tactic of passive resistance effectively disarmed imperial domination, and after :orld :ar 11 anti7colonial political stirrings elsewhere ended t remaining ,uropean empires.

1n the western hemisphere, 2e'ico e'perienced the first inklings of populist activism already in the +-60s, leading eventually to the 2e'ican $evolution of the early *0th century.[3]

;ltimately, what this implies is that 7 regardless of the final results of past awakenings 7 what is central to the concept of a political awakening is population 7 the people 7 taking on a political and social consciousness and subse"uently, partaking in massive political and social action aimed a generating a ma<or shift and change, or revolution, in the political, social and economic realms.

Thus, no social transformation presents a greater or more direct challenge to entrenched and centralized power structures 7 whether they are pol social or economic in nature. !rzezinski goes on to e'plain the evolution of the global political awakening in modern times(

1t is no overstatement to assert that now in the *+st century the population of much of the developing world is politically stirring and in many place seething with unrest. 1t is a population acutely conscious of social in<ustice to an unprecedented degree, and often resentful of its perceived lack dignity.

The nearly universal access to radio, television and increasingly the 1nternet is creating a community of shared perceptions and envy that can be galvanized and channeled by demagogic political or religious passions. These energies transcend sovereign borders and pose a challenge both states as well as to the e'isting global hierarchy, on top of which 9merica still perches.[-]

!rzezinski e'plains that several central areas of the global political awakening , such as 8hina, 1ndia, ,gypt, !olivia, the 2uslims in the 2iddle , 9frica, =outheast 9sia and increasingly in ,urope, as well as 1ndians in >atin 9merica,

%increasingly are defining what they desire in reaction to what they perceive to be the hostile impact on them of the outside world. 1n differing ways and degrees of intensity they dislike the status "uo, and many of them are susceptible to being mobilized against the e'ternal power th they both envy and perceive as self7interestedly preoccupied with that status "uo.& !rzezinski elaborates on the specific group most affected by this awakening(

The youth of the Third :orld are particularly restless and resentful. The demographic revolution they embody is thus a political time7bomb, a well. :ith the e'ception of ,urope, ?apan and 9merica, the rapidly e'panding demographic bulge in the *@7year7old7and7under age bracket creating a huge mass of impatient young people.

Their minds have been stirred by sounds and images that emanate from afar and which intensify their disaffection with what is at hand. Thei potential revolutionary spearhead is likely to emerge from among the scores of millions of students concentrated in the often intellectually dubious Atertiary levelA educational institutions of developing countries.

)epending on the definition of the tertiary educational level, there are currently worldwide between -0 and +60 million AcollegeA students. Typically originating from the socially insecure lower middle class and inflamed by a sense of social outrage, these millions of students are revolutionaries7in7waiting, already semi7mobilized in large congregations, connected by the 1nternet and pre7positioned for a replay on a larg scale of what transpired years earlier in 2e'ico 8ity or in Tiananmen ="uare. Their physical energy and emotional frustration is <ust waiting to be triggered by a cause, or a faith, or a hatred.[/]

!rzezinski thus posits that to address this new global %challenge& to entrenched powers, particularly nation7states that cannot sufficiently address increasingly non7pliant populations and populist demands, what is re"uired, is %increasingly supranational cooperation, actively promoted by the ; =tates.& 1n other words, !rzezinski favors an increased and e'panded internationalization , not surprising considering he laid the intellectual foundations Trilateral 8ommission. Be e'plains that %)emocracy per se is not an enduring solution,& as it could be overtaken by %radically resentful populism.& This is truly a new global reality(

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Politically awakened mankind craves political dignity, which democracy can enhance, but political dignity also encompasses ethnic or nation self-determination, religious self-definition, and human and social rights, all in a world now acutely aware of economic, racial and ethnic inequities.

The quest for political dignity, especially through national self-determination and social transformation, is part of the pulse of self-assertion b world's underprivileged.[ !" Thus, writes #r$e$inski, %&n effective response can only come from a self-confident &merica genuinely committed to a new vision of global solidarity.'

The idea is that to address the grievances caused by globali$ation and global power structures, the world and &merica must e(pand and institutio the process of globali$ation, not simply in the economic sphere, but in the social and political as well. )t is a flawed logic, to say the least, that the to this problem is to enhance and strengthen the systemic problems. *ne cannot put out a fire by adding fuel. #r$e$inski even wrote that,

%+et it be said right away that supranationality should not be confused with world government. ,ven if it were desirable, mankind is not remo ready for world government, and the &merican people certainly do not want it.' )nstead, #r$e$inski argues, &merica must be central in constructing a system of global governance, %in shaping a world that is defined less by the fiction of state sovereignty and more by the reality of e(panding and politically regulated interdependence.'[ "

)n other words, not -global government. but -global governance., which is simply a rhetorical ploy, as -global governance. - no matter how overlapp sporadic and desultory it presents itself, is in fact a key step and necessary transition in the moves toward an actual global government.

Thus, the rhetoric and reality of a %global war on terror' in actuality further inflames the -global political awakening. as opposed to challenging and addressing the issue. )n /!!0, #r$e$inski told the 12 2enate that the %3ar on terror' was a %mythical historical narrative,'[

or in other words, a complete fiction.

Of Power and People

To properly understand the -global political awakening. it is imperative to understand and analy$e the power structures that it most gravely threate is #r$e$inski speaking so vociferously on this sub4ect5 6rom what perspective does he approach this issue5

7lobal power structures are most often represented by nation-states, of which there are over /!! in the world, and the vast ma4ority are overlook increasingly politically awakened populations who are more shaped by transnational communications and realities 8such as poverty, inequality, w empire, etc.9 than by national issues.

&mong nation-states, the most dominant are the western powers, particularly the 1nited 2tates, which sits atop the global hierarchy of nations as global hegemon 8empire9. &merican foreign policy was provided with the imperial impetus by an inter-locking network of international think tanks, bring together the top political, banking, industrial, academic, media, military and intelligence figures to formulate coordinated policies.

The most notable of these institutions that sociali$e elites across national borders and provide the rationale and impetus for empire are an inter-lo network of international think tanks.

)n :/ , #ritish and &merican elite academics got together with ma4or international banking interests to form two %sister institutes' called the ;oy of )nternational &ffairs 8;))&9 in +ondon, now known as <hatham =ouse, and the <ouncil on 6oreign ;elations in the 1nited 2tates. 2ubsequent related think tanks were created in <anada, such as the <anadian )nstitute of )nternational &ffairs, now known as the Council 8<)<9, and other affiliated think tanks in 2outh &frica, )ndia, &ustralia, and more recently in the ,uropean 1nion with the formation of the <ouncil on 6oreign ;elations.[ >"

6ollowing 3orld 3ar ), these powers sought to reshape the world order in their designs, with 3oodrow 3ilson proclaiming a right to %national sel determination' which shaped the formation of nation-states throughout the ?iddle ,ast, which until the war was dominated by the *ttoman ,mpi

Thus, proclaiming a right to %self-determination' for people everywhere became, in fact, a means of constructing nation-state power structures wh western nations became not only instrumental in building, but in e(erting hegemony over. To control people, one must construct institutions of co @ations like )raq, 2audi &rabia, Aordan, +ebanon, 2yria, Buwait, etc., did not e(ist prior to 3orld 3ar ).

,lites have always sought to control populations and individuals for their own power desires. )t does not matter whether the political system is tha fascism, communism, socialism or democracyC elites seek power and control and are inherent in each system of governance.

)n :/D, Edward Bernays, nephew of the father of psychoanalysis 2igmund 6reud, wrote one of his most influential works entitled %Propaganda

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Bernays also wrote the book on Public Relations, and is known as the father of public relations, and few outside of that area know of Bernays; his effect on elites and social control has been profound and wide-ranging.

Bernays led the propaganda effort behind the !"# $%& coup in 'uate(ala, fra(ing it as a liberation fro( $o((unis( when in fact it was the i of a decades-long dictatorship to protect the interests of the )nited *ruit $o(pany, who had hired Bernays to (anage the (edia ca(paign again de(ocratic socialist govern(ent of 'uate(ala.

Bernays also found a fan and student in +osef 'oebbels, ,itler-s .inister of Propaganda, who took (any of his ideas fro( Bernays- writings. &( of Bernays- (ore infa(ous pro/ects was the populari0ing of s(oking for &(erican wo(en, as he hired beautiful wo(en to walk up and down .a &venue while s(oking cigarettes, giving wo(en the idea that s(oking is synony(ous with beauty. %n his !12 book, Propaganda, Bernays wrote that,

%f we understand the (echanis(s and (otives of the group (ind, it is now possible to control and regi(ent the (asses according to our wi without their knowing it. *urther3

4he conscious and intelligent (anipulation of the organi0ed habits and opinions of the (asses is an i(portant ele(ent in de(ocratic society 4hose who (anipulate this unseen (echanis( of society constitute an invisible govern(ent which is the true ruling power of our country...

%n al(ost every act of our daily lives, whether in the sphere of politics or business, in our social conduct or our ethical thinking, we are do(in by the relatively s(all nu(ber of persons... who understand the (ental processes and social patterns of the (asses. %t is they who pull the w which control the public (ind.5 #6

*ollowing 7orld 7ar %%, &(erica beca(e the global hegemon, whose i(perial i(petus was provided by the strategic concept of contain(ent in containing the spread of $o((unis(.

4hus, &(erica-s i(perial adventures in 8orea, the .iddle 9ast, &frica, &sia and :outh &(erica beca(e defined by the desire to roll back the in the :oviet )nion and $o((unis(. %t was, not surprisingly, the $ouncil on *oreign Relations that originated the idea of contain(ent as a centra of foreign policy.5 "6

*urther, following 7orld 7ar %%, &(erica was handed the responsibility for overseeing and (anaging the international (onetary syste( and glob econo(y through the creation of institutions and agree(ents such as the 7orld Bank, %nternational .onetary *und ;%.*<, =&4>, to beco(e the 7orld 4rade >rgani0ation - 74><.

>ne central power institution that was significant in establishing consensus a(ong 7estern elites and providing a foru( for e?panding global we hege(ony was the Bilderberg 'roup, founded in !"# as an international think tank.5 @6

Abigniew Br0e0inski, an up-and-co(ing acade(ic, /oined the $ouncil on *oreign Relations in the early !@Bs. %n !CB, Br0e0inski, who had atten few Bilderberg (eetings, wrote a book entitled, Between 4wo &ges - &(ericaDs Role in the 4echnetronic 9ra, in which he analy0ed the i(pact o ERevolution in 4echnology and 9lectronics,- thus, the Etechnetronic era.Br0e0inski defines the Etechnetronic society- as,

a society that is shaped culturally, psychologically, socially, and econo(ically by the i(pact of technology and electronics - particularly in th arena of co(puters and co((unications. 4he industrial process is no longer the principal deter(inant of social change, altering the (ores, social structure, and the values of society.5 C6 Br0e0inski, e?panding upon notions of social control, such as those propagated by 9dward Bernays, wrote that,

,u(an conduct, so(e argue, can be predeter(ined and sub/ected to deliberate control, and he Fuoted an e?peri(enter in intelligence control who asserted that, % foresee the ti(e when we shall have the (eans and therefore, inevitably, the te(ptation to (anipulate the beh and intellectual functioning of all the people through environ(ental and bioche(ical (anipulation of the brain.5 26 Br0e0inski, in a telling e?posG of his astute powers of observation and ability to identify (a/or global trends, wrote that we are,

witnessing the e(ergence of transnational elites who are co(posed of international business(en, scholars, professional (en, and public officials. 4he ties of these new elites cut across national boundaries, their perspectives are not confined by national traditions, and their inter are (ore functional than national. *urther, writes Br0e0inski,

it is likely that before long the social elites of (ost of the (ore advanced countries will be highly internationalist or globalist in spirit and outl ,owever, warns Br0e0inski, this increasing internationali0ation of elites, could create a dangerous gap between the( and the politically activated (asses, whose Enativis(- - e?ploited by (ore nationalist political leaders - could work against the Ecos(opolitan- elites.5 !6 Br0e0inski also wrote about the gradual appearance of a (ore controlled and directed society, in the technetronic revolution; e?plaining3

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Such a society would be dominated by an elite whose claim to political power would rest on allegedly superior scientific know-how. Unhinde by the restraints of traditional liberal values, this elite would not hesitate to achieve its political ends by using the latest modern techniques fo influencing public behavior and keeping society under close surveillance and control. Under such circumstances, the scientific and technological momentum of the country would not be reversed but would actually feed on the situation it exploits.[ !" #urther, writes $r%e%inski,

&'ersisting social crisis, the emergence of a charismatic personality, and the exploitation of mass media to obtain public confidence would b steppingstones in the piecemeal transformation of the United States into a highly controlled society.( )laborating, $r%e%inski writes,

&*he traditionally democratic +merican society could, because of its fascination with technical efficiency, become an extremely controlled so and its humane and individualistic qualities would thereby be lost.([ ,"

-n his book, $r%e%inski called for a &.ommunity of the /eveloped 0ations,( consisting of 1estern )urope, 0orth +merica and 2apan, to coordinat integrate in order to shape a 3new world order4 built upon ideas of global governance under the direction of these transnational elites.

-n ,56 , $r%e%inski and his friend, David Rockefeller, presented the idea to the annual $ilderberg meetings. 7ockefeller was, at that time, .hair the .ouncil on #oreign 7elations and was .)8 of .hase 9anhattan $ank. -n ,56:, $r%e%inski and 7ockefeller created the *rilateral .ommissio of sister institute to the $ilderberg ;roup, with much cross-over membership, bringing 2apan into the western sphere of economic and political in
[ "

-n ,56<, the *rilateral .ommission published a *ask #orce 7eport entitled, &*he .risis of /emocracy,( of which one of the principal authors was Huntington, a political scientist and close associate and friend of =bigniew $r%e%inski. -n this report, >untington argues that the ,5?!s saw a surge in democracy in +merica, with an upswing in citi%en participation, often, &in the form of marches, demonstrations, protest movements, and 3cause4 organi%ations.([ #urther, &the ,5?!s also saw a reassertion of the primacy of equality as a goal in social, economic, and political life.([
@" :"

>untington analy%ed how as part of this &democratic surge,( statistics showed that throughout the ,5?!s and into the early ,56!s, there was a dr increase in the percentage of people who felt the United States was spending too much on defense Afrom ,BC in ,5?! to < C in ,5?5, largely du Dietnam 1arE.[ <" -n other words, people were becoming politically aware of empire and exploitation. >untington wrote that the,

&essence of the democratic surge of the ,5?!s was a general challenge to existing systems of authority, public and private,( and that, &'eop longer felt the same compulsion to obey those whom they had previously considered superior to themselves in age, rank, status, expertise, character, or talents.( >untington explained that in the ,5?!s, &hierarchy, expertise, and wealth( had come &under heavy attack.([

>e stated that three key issues which were central to the increased political participation in the ,5?!s wereF

social issues, such as use of drugs, civil liberties, and the role of womenG racial issues, involving integration, busing, government aid to mino groups, and urban riotsG military issues, involving primarily, of course, the war in Dietnam but also the draft, military spending, military aid programs, and the role of the military-industrial complex more generally.[ 6"

>untington presented these issues, essentially, as the &crisis of democracy,( in that they increased distrust with the government and authority, th to social and ideological polari%ation, and led to a, &/ecline in the authority, status, influence, and effectiveness of the presidency.([

>untington concluded that many problems of governance in the United States stem from an, &excess of democracy,( and that, &the effective operation of a democratic political system usually requires some measure of apathy and noninvolvement on the part of some individuals and groups.(

>untington explained that society has always had &marginal groups( which do not participate in politics, and while acknowledging that the existen &marginality on the part of some groups is inherently undemocratic,( it has also &enabled democracy to function effectively.( >untington identifies &the blacks( as one such group that had become politically active, posing a &danger of overloading the political system with demands.([ 5"

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Huntington, in his conclusion, stated that the vulnerability of democracy, essentially the crisis of democracy, comes from,

a highly educated, mobilized, and participant society, and that what is needed is a more balanced existence in which there are desirable limits to the indefinite extension of political democracy. !"#

$ummed up, the %rilateral &ommission %as' (orce )eport essentially explained that the &risis of *emocracy is that there is too much of it, and solution to the crisis is to have less democracy and more authority.

The New World Order

(ollowing the collapse of the $oviet +nion in ,--,, .merican ideologues / politicians and academics / began discussing the idea of the emergen new world order in which power in the world is centralized with one power / the +nited $tates, and laid the basis for an expansion of elitist ideol pertaining to the notion of globalization0 that power and power structures should be globalized. 1n short, the new world order was to be a global order of global governance. 1n the short term, it was to be led by the +nited $tates, which must central and primary actor in constructing a new world order, and ultimately a global government. !,#

Anne-Marie Slaughter, currently the Director of Policy Planning for the US State Department, is a prominent academic within the .merican elite establishment, having long served in various posts at the $tate *epartment, elite universities and on the board of the &ouncil on (oreign )elation

1n ,--2, $laughter wrote an article for the 3ournal of the &ouncil on (oreign )elations, (oreign .ffairs, in which she discussed the theoretical fo of the new world order. 1n it, she wrote that, %he state is not disappearing, it is disaggregating into its separate, functionally distinct parts. %hese parts / courts, regulatory agencies, executives, and even legislatures / are networ'ing with their counterparts abroad, creating a dense web of relations that constitutes a new, transgovernmental order, and that, transgovernmentalism is rapidly becoming the most widespread and effective mode of international governance. !4#

5ong preceding $laughters analysis of the new world order, Richard N. Gardner published an article in (oreign .ffairs titled, %he Hard )oad t 7rder. 8ardner, a former .merican .mbassador and member of the %rilateral &ommission, wrote that,

%he 9uest for a world structure that secures peace, advances human rights and provides the conditions for economic progress / for what is loosely called world order / has never seemed more frustrating but at the same time strangely hopeful. !!# 8ardner wrote,

1f instant world government, +:# &harter review, and a greatly strengthened 1nternational &ourt do not provide the answers, what hope for progress is there; %he answer will not satisfy those who see' simple solutions to complex problems, but it comes down essentially to this0 % hope for the foreseeable future lies, not in building up a few ambitious central institutions of universal membership and general 3urisdiction a was envisaged at the end of the last war, but rather in the much more decentralized, disorderly and pragmatic process of inventing or adapti institutions of limited 3urisdiction and selected membership to deal with specific problems on a case/by/case basis, as the necessity for cooperation is perceived by the relevant nations. !<# He then stated,

1n short, the =house of world order= will have to be built from the bottom up rather than from the top down.= 1t will loo' li'e a great, =booming buzzing confusion, to use 6illiam >ames? famous description of reality, but an end run around national sovereignty, eroding it piece by piece accomplish much more than the old/fashioned frontal assault. !@# 1n ,--4, Strobe Talbott wrote an article for %ime Aagazine entitled, %he Birth of the 8lobal :ation.

%albott wor'ed as a 3ournalist for %ime Aagazine for 4, years, and has been a fellow of the Cale &orporation, a trustee of the Hotch'iss $chool a &arnegie Dndowment for 1nternational Eeace, a director of the &ouncil on (oreign )elations, the :orth .merican Dxecutive &ommittee of the %ri &ommission, and the .merican .ssociation of )hodes $cholars, and a member of the participating faculty of the 6orld Dconomic (orum.

%albott served as *eputy $ecretary of $tate from ,--< to 4"", in the &linton administration and currently sits as Eresident of the Broo'ings 1nsti one of the premier .merican thin' tan's. 1n his ,--4 article,

within the next hundred years, %albott wrote, nationhood as we 'now it will be obsoleteF all states will recognize a single, global authority. He explained0

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All countries are basically social arrangements, accommodations to changing circumstances. No matter how permanent and even sacred th may seem at any one time, in fact they are all artificial and temporary. Through the ages, there has been an overall trend toward larger units claiming sovereignty and, paradoxically, a gradual diminution of how much true sovereignty any one country actually has.[36 !urther, he wrote that,

"it has ta#en the events in our own wondrous and terrible century to clinch the case for world government. $ith the advent of electricity, radi and air travel, the planet has become smaller than ever, its commercial life freer, its nations more interdependent and its conflicts bloodier.%

David Rothkopf, a scholar at the &arnegie 'ndowment for (nternational )eace, former *eputy +ndersecretary of &ommerce for (nternational Tr &linton administration, former managing director of ,issinger and Associates, and a member of the &ouncil on !oreign -elations, recently wrote titled, ".uperclass/ The 0lobal )ower 'lite and the $orld They are 1a#ing.% As a member of that "superclass,% his writing should provide a necessary insight into the construction of this "New $orld 2rder.% 3e states that,

"(n a world of global movements and threats that don4t present their passports at national borders, it is no longer possible for a nation5state a alone to fulfill its portion of the social contract.% 3e wrote that,

"progress will continue to be made,% however, it will be challenging, because it "undercuts many national and local power structures and cult concepts that have foundations deep in the bedroc# of human civili6ation, namely the notion of sovereignty.% 3e further wrote that,

"1echanisms of global governance are more achievable in today4s environment,% and that these mechanisms "are often creative with tempo solutions to urgent problems that cannot wait for the world to embrace a bigger and more controversial idea li#e real global government.% (n *ecember of 7889, the !inancial Times published an article titled, "And Now for A $orld 0overnment,% in which the author, former :ilderberg Gideon Rachman, wrote that,

"for the first time in my life, ( thin# the formation of some sort of world government is plausible,% and that, "A ;world government4 would involv much more than co5operation between nations. (t would be an entity with state5li#e characteristics, bac#ed by a body of laws.

The 'uropean +nion has already set up a continental government for 7< countries, which could be a model. The '+ has a supreme court, a currency, thousands of pages of law, a large civil service and the ability to deploy military force.% [3= 3e stated that,

"it is increasingly clear that the most difficult issues facing national governments are international in nature/ there is global warming, a global financial crisis and a ;global war on terror4.% 3e wrote that the 'uropean model could "go global% and that a world government,

"could be done,% as "The financial crisis and climate change are pushing national governments towards global solutions, even in countries su as &hina and the +. that are traditionally fierce guardians of national sovereignty.% 3e >uoted an adviser to !rench )resident Nicolas Sarkozy as saying, "0lobal governance is ?ust a euphemism for global government,% and that the "core of the international financial crisis is that we have global financial mar#ets and no global rule of law.% 3owever, -achman states that any push towards a global government "will be a painful, slow process.% 3e then states that a #ey problem in this push can be explained with an example from the '+, which,

"has suffered a series of humiliating defeats in referendums, when plans for ;ever closer union4 have been referred to the voters. (n general, +nion has progressed fastest when far5reaching deals have been agreed by technocrats and politicians 5 and then pushed through without d reference to the voters. (nternational governance tends to be effective, only when it is anti5democratic.%[@8

The Global Political Awakening and the Global conomic !risis

(n the face of the global economic crisis, the process that has led to the global political awa#ening is rapidly expanding, as the social, political and economic ine>ualities and disparities that led to the awa#ening are all being exacerbated and expanded. Thus, the global political awa#ening itself is entering into a period in which it will undergo rapid, expansionary and global transformation.

This ;global political awa#ening4, of which :r6e6ins#i has explained as being one of the primary global geopolitical challenges of today, has largel recent times, been exemplified in the ;0lobal .outh4, or the ;Third $orld4 developing nations of the 1iddle 'ast, &entral and .outheast Asia, Afric Aatin America.

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Developments in recent decades and years in Venezuela, Bolivia, and Iran exemplify the nationalist-orientation of much of this awakening, taking a world increasingly and incrementally moving towards global governance and global institutions

In !""#, "#go !havez became $resident of Venezuela, having campaigned on promises of aiding the nation%s poor ma&ority In '((', an )meric attempt took place in Venezuela, but *havez retained his power and was further emboldened by the attempt, and gained a great burst of popular among the people

*havez has undertaken what he refers to as a process of +Bolivarian socialism,, and has taken a decidedly and vehemently anti-)merican postu )merica, long considered )merica%s +back yard , .uddenly, there is virulent rhetoric and contempt against the /nited .tates and its influence in t which itself is backed by the enormous oil-wealth of Venezuela

In Bolivia, vo $orales was elected $resident in '((0 of the poorest nation in .outh )merica, and he was also the first indigenous leader of tha to ever hold that position of power, after having long been dominated by the .panish-descended landed aristocracy 1vo 2orales rose to power o wave of various social movements within Bolivia, key among them being the +water wars, which took place in *ochabamba, Bolivia%s third larges '(((

3he water wars were instigated after the 4orld Bank forced Bolivia to privatize its water so that )merican and 1uropean companies could come purchase the rights to Bolivia%s water, meaning that people in the poorest nation in .outh )merica could not even drink rain water without paying or 1uropean companies for the 5right% to use it

3hus, revolt arose and 1vo 2orales rose with it 6ow, 2orales and *havez represent the +new -eft, in -atin )merica, and with it, growing sentim anti-)merican imperialism

In Iran, itself defined more by nationalism than ethnic polarities, has become a principal target of the western hegemonic world order, as it sits ato massive gas and oil reserves, and is virulently anti-)merican and firmly opposed to western hegemony in the 2iddle 1ast 7owever, with increas )merican rhetoric against Iran, its regime and political elites are further emboldened and politically strengthened among its people, the ma&ority o are poor 8lobal socio-political economic conditions directly relate to the expansion and emergence of the 5global political awakening% )s of !""#, +9 billion people live on less than :' per day while ! 9 billion get by on less than :! per day .eventy percent of those living on less than :! day are women ,;<!= In '((9, a 4orld Bank report revealed that,

+) minority of the world>s population ?!@AB consume most of the world>s resources ?#(AB, leaving almost 0 billion people to live on the rema '(A )s a result, billions of people are living without the very basic necessities of life - food, water, housing and sanitation ,;<'= In regards to poverty and hunger statistics,

+Cver #<( million people in the world are malnourished - @"" million of them are from the developing world .adly, more than !09 million of t are under the age of 0 ?half the entire /. populationB , Durther, +1very day, 9<,((( children under five die of hunger or other hunger-related diseases 3his results in E million deaths a year , 3hat amounts to a +7unger 7olocaust, that takes place every single year )s of '((9, +Cf E ' billion living today, ! ' billion live on less than :! per day 6early 9 billion people live on less than :' a day ,;<9= In '((E, a groundbreaking and comprehensive report released by the World Institute for Development Economics Research of the United University ?/6/-4ID1FB reported that, +3he richest 'A of adults in the world own more than half of global household wealth , )n incredibly startling statistic was thatG


;3=he richest !A of adults alone owned <(A of global assets in the year '(((, and that the richest !(A of adults accounted for #0A of the w total In contrast, the bottom half of the world adult population owned barely !A of global wealth ;<<= 3his is worth repeatingG

the top !A owns <(A of global assets the top !(A owns #0A of world assets the bottom 0(A owns !A of global assets

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) sobering figure, indeed .omething is rotten in the state of Denmark 3he !illennium Development "oals ?2D8sB report stated that in '((",

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+an estimated 00 million to "( million more people will be living in extreme poverty than anticipated before the crisis , Durther, +the encouraging trend in the eradication of hunger since the early !""(s was reversed in '((#, largely due to higher food prices , 7unger in developing regions has risen to !@A in '((#, and +children bear the brunt of the burden ,;<0=

In )pril of '((", a ma&or global charity, Cxfam, reported that a couple trillion dollars given to bail out banks could have been enough +to end glob extreme poverty for 0( years ,;<E= In .eptember of '((", Cxfam reported that the economic crisis +is forcing !(( people-a-minute into poverty , Cxfam stated that,

+Developing countries across the globe are struggling to respond to the global recession that continues to slash incomes, destroy &obs and h helped push the total number of hungry people in the world above ! billion ,;<@= 3he financial crisis has hit the 5developing% world much harder than the western developed nations of the world 3he /6 reported in 2arch of '((" that,

+Feduced growth in '((" will cost the 9"( million people in sub-.aharan )frica living in extreme poverty around :!# billion, or :<E per perso and +3his pro&ected loss represents '( per cent of the per capita income of )frica%s poor - a figure that dwarfs the losses sustained in the developed world ,;<#= 3hus, the ma&ority of the world%s people live in absolute poverty and social dislocation

3his is directly the result of the globalized world order that has been and is being constructed 6ow, as that same infrastructure is being further institutionalized and built upon, people are being thrown into the 5awakening% like never before 3heir very poverty pushes them into an awakenin 3here is a seemingly lost notion of &udging a society by how it treats it weakest membersG the poor

$overty forces one to look at the world differently, as they see the harsh restraints that society has imposed upon the human spirit -ife simply ca about the struggle to make payments week-to-weekH to afford water, shelter, and foodH to live according to the dictates of money and power

-ook to history, and you see that from some of the most oppressive societies can come the greatest of humanity Fussia, a nation which has nev history experienced true political freedom for the individual, has managed to produce some of the greatest music, art, expression and literature a vibrant outcry of humanity from a society so overcome with the need to control it

It the fact that such triumphs of human spirit can come from such tyrannies over human nature is a sobering display of the great mystery of huma 4hy waste humanity by sub&ecting it to povertyI 3hink of the difference that could be made if all of humanity was allowed to flourish individually a collectivelyH think of all the ideas, art, expression, intellect and beauty we aren%t getting from those who have no voice

/ntil we address this fundamental issue, any notion of humanity as being 5civilized% is but a cynical &oke If it%s human civilization, we haven%t Juite out yet 4e don%t yet have a proper definition of 5civilized%, and we need to make it 5humane%

The %est and the Awakening

3he middle classes of the western world are undergoing a dramatic transition, most especially in the wake of the global economic crisis

In the previous decades, the middle class has become a debt-based class, whose consumption was based almost entirely on debt, and so their a consume and be the social bedrock of the capitalist system is but a mere fiction 6ever in history has the middle class, and most especially the y are graduating college into the hardest &ob market in decades, been in such peril ;<"=

3he global debt crisis, which is beginning in 8reece, and spreading throughout the 1uro-zone economies of .pain, $ortugal, Ireland and ultimate entire 1/, will further consume the /K, Lapan and go all the way to )merica ;0(=

3his will be a truly global debt crisis 8overnment measures to address the issue of debt focus on the implementation of 5fiscal austerity measure reduce the debt burdens and make interest payments on their debts 5Discal austerity% is a vague term that in actuality refers to cutting social spending and increasing taxes

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The effect this has is that the public sector is devastated, as all assets are privatized, public workers are fired en masse, unemployment becomes rampant, health and education disappear, taxes rise dramatically, and currencies are devalued to make all assets cheaper for international corpo and banks to buy up, while internally causing inflation - dramatically increasing the costs of fuel and food.

In short, fiscal austerity implies social destruction as the social foundations of nations and peoples are pulled out from under them. !tates then despotic and oppress the people, who naturally revolt against austerity " the sterilization of society.

#iscal austerity swept the developing world through the $%&'s and $%%'s in response to the $%&'s debt crisis which consumed (atin )merica, ) areas of )sia. The result of the fiscal austerity measures imposed upon nations by the *orld +ank and I,# was the social dismantling of the new and their subse-uent enslavement to the international creditors of the I,#, *orld +ank, and western corporations and banks. It was an era of economic imperialism, and the I,# was a central tool of this imperial pro.ect.

)s the debt crisis we see unfolding today sweeps the world, the I,# is again stepping in to impose fiscal austerity on nations in return for shortloans for countries to pay off the interest on their exorbitant debts, themselves owed mostly to ma.or /uropean and )merican banks.

*estern nations have agreed to impose fiscal austerity,01$2 which will in fact only inflame the crisis, deepen the depression and destroy the social foundations of the west so that we are left only with the authoritarian apparatus of state power - the police, military, homeland security apparatus is employed against people to protect the status -uo powers.

The I,# has also come to the global economic crisis with a new agenda, giving out loans in its own synthetic currency - !pecial 3rawing 4ights an international reserve basket of currencies. The 67' in )pril of 7''% granted the I,# the authority to begin phasing in the applications of issuin and for the I,# to in effect become a global central bank issuing a global currency.0172

!o through this global debt crisis, !34s will be disbursed globally - both efficiently and in abundance - as nations will need ma.or capital inflows a to pay off interest payments, or in the event of a default. This will happen at a pace so rapid that it would never be conceivable if not for a global e crisis. The same took place in the $%&'s, as the nature of 8!tructural )d.ustment 9rograms: 5!)9s; could not be properly assessed as detriment economic conditions and ultimately socially devastating, for countries needed money fast 5as the debt crisis spread across the developing world; not in a position to negotiate.

Today, this will be the globalization of the debt crisis of the $%&'s, on a much larger and more devastating scale, and the reaction will be e-ually globalized and devastating" the continued implementation of global governance .

)s austerity hits the west, the middle class will vanish in obscurity, as they will be absorbed into the lower, labour-oriented working class. the western middle class, comprising the ma.ority of the educated youth, will be exposed to a poverty of expectations in which they grew up in a which they were promised everything, and from whom everything was so -uickly taken. The inevitability of protests, riots and possible rebellion is as the sun rises.01<2

In the =nited !tates, the emergence of the Tea 9arty movement is representative of - in large part - a growing dissatisfaction with the governmen economy.

>aturally, like any group, it has its radical and fringe elements, which tend to draw the ma.ority of media attention in an effort to shape public opin the core and the driving force of the movement is the notion of popular dissatisfaction with government. *hatever one thinks of the legitimacy of protestations, people are not pleased, and people are taking to the streets. )nd so it begins.

/ven intellectuals of the left have spoken publicly warning people not to simply and so easily discount the Tea 9arty movement as fringe or radic

?ne such individual, Noam Chomsky, while speaking at a =niversity in )pril of 7'$', warned that he felt fascism was coming to )merica, and he explained that, 84idiculing the tea party shenanigans is a serious error,: as their attitudes 8are understandable.: @e explained,

8#or over A' years, real incomes have stagnated or declined. This is in large part the conse-uence of the decision in the $%B's to financializ economy.: This constitutes class resentment , as,

8The bankers, who are primarily responsible for the crisis, are now reveling in record bonuses while official unemployment is around $' perc and unemployment in the manufacturing sector is at 3epression-era levels.: This same financial industry is directly linked to ?bama, who is supporting their interests, and people are noticing.0112

)nother notable feminist intellectual of the left, Naomi Wolf, who wrote a book during the Bush administration on the emergence of fascism in ) and much of her message is being picked up by the Tea 9arty movement, as those on the right who were listening and agreeing with *olf during administration 5a considerable minority;, then provided the impetus for the emergence of the Tea 9arty movement and many of its core or origina In an interview in ,arch 7'$', *olf explained that her ideas are even more relevant under ?bama than +ush. !he explained,

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Bush legalized torture, but Obama is legalizing impunity. He promised to roll stuff back, but he is institutionalizing these things forever. It is terrifying and the left doesnt seem to recognize it.

!he e"plained ho# the left, #hile active under Bush, has been tran$uilized under Obama, and that there is a potential for true intellectuals and fo more generally and more importantly, to reach out to each other across the spectrum. !he e"plained%

I #as invited by the &on 'aul supporters to their rally in (ashington last summer and I loved it. I met a lot of people I respected, a lot of ordinary people, as in not privileged. )hey #ere stepping up to the plate, #hen my o#n liberal privileged fello# demographic habituates #e lying around #hining.

It #as a #ake*up call to the libertarians that theres a progressive #ho cares so much about the same issues. )heir vie#s of liberals are +ust distorted as ours are of conservatives.,-./ In regards to the Tea Party movement, (olf had this to say%

)he )ea 'arty is not monolithic. )here is a battle bet#een people #ho care about liberty and the 0onstitution and the &epublican 1stablish #ho is trying to take o#nership of it and redirect it for its o#n purposes. 2urther, she e"plained that the )ea 'arty is ahead of their time on certain issues,

I used to think 1nd the 2ed people #ere crackpots. )he media paints them as deranged. But it turned out #e had good reason to have mo oversight. ,-3/

In time, others #ill +oin #ith the )ea 'arty movement and ne# activist groups, the anti*#ar movement #ill have to revitalize itself or die a#ay4 sinc became 'resident their influence, their voice, and their dignity has all but vanished.

)hey have become a pacified voice, and their silence is complicity4 thus, the anti*#ar movement must reignite and reinvigorate or it #ill decompo )he 56efts distrust of corporations must merge #ith the 5&ights distrust of government to create a trust in 5people. !oon students #ill be +oining and the issues of the )ea 'arty movement and others like it can become more refined and informed.

(hen the middle classes of the #est are plunged into poverty, it #ill force an a#akening, for #hen people have nothing, they have nothing left to only #ay that the entrenched po#ers of the #orld have been able to e"pand their po#er and maintain their po#er is #ith the ignorant consent of populations of the #est. Issues of #ar, empire, economics and terror shape public opinion and allo# social planners to redirect and reconstitute s

)he people of the #est have allo#ed themselves to be ruled as such and have allo#ed our rulers to be so ruthless in our names. 'eople have be blinded by consumerism and entertainment. Images of celebrities, professional sports, Holly#ood, i'ods, blackberrys, and '0s consume the min people, and especially the youth of the #est today.

It has been the illusion of being the consuming class that has allo#ed our societies to be run so recklessly. !o long as #e have our )7s and '0s pay attention to anything else8

(hen the ability to consume is removed, the people #ill enter into a period of a great a#akening. )his #ill give rise to ma+or ne# political movem many progressive but some regressive, some fringe and radical, some violent and tyrannical, but altogether ne# and ultimately global. )his is #h people of the #est #ill come to realize the plight of the rest. )his #ill be the era in #hich people begin to understand the realization that there is great truth in 9r. Martin Luther Kings #ords, In+ustice any#here is a threat to +ustice every#here. )hus, the struggle of :fricans #ill become the struggle of :mericans% it must be freedom for all or freedom for none.

)his is the ma+or geopolitical reality and the pre*eminent global threat to #orld po#er structures. ;o development in all of human history presents monumental challenge to the status $uo. :s global po#er structures have never resembled such a monumental threat to mankind, mankind has posed such an immense threat to institutionalized po#er. 2or every action, there is an e$ual and opposite reaction. 1ven if elites think that they truly do run the #orld, human nature has a #ay of e"posing the fla#s in that assumption. Human nature is not meant to be 5controlled, but rather is meant to be nurtured.

A View From the Top

:gain, it is important to go to Brzezinskis o#n #ords in describing this ne# geopolitical reality, as it provides great insight into not only ho# the 5g political a#akening is defined4 but more importantly, ho# it is perceived by those #ho hold po#er. In <==>, Brzezinski gave a speech at the 0arnegie 0ouncil on his <==> book, )he 0hoice . )he 0arnegie 0ouncil is an elite think tank based in ?nited !tates, so Brzezinski is speaking to those #ho are potentially negatively affected by such an a#akening.

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Brzezinski stated that Americas foreign policy in the wake of 9/11 - the War on Terror - is presenting a major challenge to American hegemony increasingly isolating the !nited "tates and damaging the nations credi#ility as well as hiding the iss$es in %ir$lent rhetoric which only f$rther inf real and tr$e challenge& the glo#al political awakening' (e states&

The misdiagnosis )of foreign policy* pertains to a relati%ely %ag$e e+cessi%ely a#stract highly emotional semi-theological definition of the chief m that we face today in the world and the conse,$ent slighting of what - %iew as the $nprecedented glo#al challenge arising o$t of the $ni,$e phen of a tr$ly massi%e glo#al political awakening of mankind'

We li%e in an age in which mankind writ large is #ecoming politically conscio$s and politically acti%ated to an $nprecedented degree and it is this which is prod$cing a great deal of international t$rmoil'

.$t we are not foc$sing on that' We are foc$sing specifically on one word which is #eing ele%ated into a specter defined as an entity presented somehow $nified #$t $nrelated to any specific e%ent or place - and that word is terrorism' The glo#al challenge today on the #asis of which we te operate politically is the definition of terrorism with a glo#al reach as the principal challenge of o$r time'

- dont deny that terrorism is a reality a threat to $s an $gly menace and a %icio$s manifestation' .$t it is a symptom of something larger and mo complicated related to the glo#al t$rmoil that takes place in many parts of the world and manifests itself in different ways'

That t$rmoil is the prod$ct of the political awakening the fact that today %ast masses of the world are not politically ne$tered as they ha%e #een thro$gho$t history' They ha%e political conscio$sness' -t may #e $ndefined it may point in different directions it may #e primiti%e it may #e intole may #e hatef$l #$t it is a form of political acti%ism')/0* .r1e1inski e+plains that

literacy has made for greater political awareness while T2 has made for immediate awareness of glo#al disparities and the -nternet has pro%ided instant comm$nications
3$rther says .r1e1inski

4$ch of this is also sp$rred #y America5s impact on the world or in other words American economic political and c$lt$ral imperialism6 an f$rther 4$ch of it is also f$eled #y glo#ali1ation which the !nited "tates propo$nds fa%ors and projects #y %irt$e of #eing a glo#ally o$twa thr$sting society' .r1e1inski warns

.$t that also contri#$tes to insta#ility and is #eginning to create something altogether new& namely some new ideological or doctrinal chall which might fill the %oid created #y the disappearance of comm$nism' .r1e1inski e+plains that 7omm$nism emerged in the last cent$ry as an alternati%e howe%er today&

it is now totally discredited and we ha%e a pragmatic %ac$$m in the world today regarding doctrines' .$t - see the #eginnings in writings an stirrings of the making of a doctrine which com#ines anti-Americanism with anti-glo#ali1ation and the two co$ld #ecome a powerf$l force in world that is %ery $ne,$al and t$r#$lent')/9* A ,$estion following .r1e1inskis speech asked him to e+pand $pon how to address the notion of and deal with the 8glo#al political awakening' .r1e1inski e+plained that We deal with the world as it is and we are as we are' -f we are to $se o$r power intelligently and if we are to mo%e in the right direction we no choice #$t do it incrementally')9:*

-n other words as .r1e1inski has detailed his %ision of a sol$tion to world pro#lems in creating the conditions for glo#al go%ernance6 they m$st do incrementally for that is how to $se )their* power intelligently'

The sol$tion to the 8glo#al political awakening in the %iew from the top is to continue to create the apparatus of an oppressive global governmen

;n April <= <:1: >#igniew .r1e1inski went to the 4ontreal 7o$ncil on 3oreign ?elations to gi%e a speech at an e%ent jointly-hosted #y the 7an -nternational 7o$ncil @7-7A the 7anadian co$nterpart to the 7o$ncil on 3oreign ?elations in the !" and 7hatham (o$se in the !'B' These are many of the intellect$al social political and economic elite of 7anada' -n his speech .r1e1inski gi%es a #reakdown of the modern geopolitical realities& Cet me #egin #y making j$st a th$m#nail definition of the geopolitical conte+t in which we all find o$rsel%es incl$ding America'

And in my perspecti%e that geopolitical conte+t is %ery m$ch defined #y new - #y two new glo#al realities' The first is that glo#al political leadership - #y which - mean the role of certain leading powers in the world - has now #ecome m$ch more di%ersified $nlike what it was $nti relati%ely recently' ?elati%ely recently still the world was dominated #y the Atlantic world as it had #een for many cent$ries' -t no longer is'

Today the rise of the 3ar Dast has created a new #$t m$ch more differentiated glo#al leadership' ;ne which in a n$tshell in%ol%es a wanton ha1ard an ar#itrary list of the primary players in the world scene& the !nited "tates clearly6 may#e ne+t to it - #$t may#e - the D$ropean !n

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say maybe because it is not yet a political entity; certainly, increasingly so, and visibly so, China; Russia, mainly in one respect only because a nuclear power co-equal to the United States, but otherwise very deficient in all of the major indices of what constitutes global power

!ehind Russia, perhaps individually, but to a much lesser e"tent, #ermany, $rance, #reat !ritain, %apan, certainly, although it does not hav political assertive posture; &ndia is rising, and then in the bac'ground of that we have the new entity of the #(), a much more diversified glob leadership, lac'ing internal unity, with many of its members in bilateral antagonisms *hat ma'es the conte"t much more complicated

*he other major change in international affairs is that for the first time, in all of human history, man'ind has been politically awa'ened *hat i total new reality - total new reality &t has not been so for most of human history until the last one hundred years +nd in the course of the las hundred years, the whole world has become politically awakened.

+nd no matter where you go, politics is a matter of social engagement, and most people 'now what is generally going on - generally going o the world, and are consciously aware of global inequities, inequalities, lac' of respect, e"ploitation ,an'ind is now politically awa'ened and stirring

*he combination of the two- the diversified global leadership, politically awa'ened masses, ma'es a much more difficult conte"t for any majo power including, currently, the leading world power- the United States ./01


So, the *echnological Revolution has led to a diametrically opposed, antagonistic, and conflicting geopolitical reality- never before has humanity awa'ened to issues of power, e"ploitation, imperialism and domination; and simultaneously, never before have elites been so transnational and g orientation, and with the ability to impose such a truly global system of scientific despotism and political oppression *hese are the two major geopolitical realities of the world today Reflect on that

2ever in all of human history has man'ind been so capable of achieving a true global political psycho-social awa'ening; nor has humanity ever b such danger of being subjected to a truly global scientific totalitarianism, potentially more oppressive than any system 'nown before, and without more technologically capable of imposing a permanent despotism upon humanity So we are filled with hope, but driven by urgency &n all of hum history, never has the potential nor the repercussions of human actions and ideas ever been so monumental

Suddenly, global elites are faced with the reality of see'ing to dominate populations that are increasingly becoming self-aware and are developin consciousness

*hus, a population being subjected to domination in +frica has the ability to become aware of a population being subjected to the same forms of domination in the ,iddle 3ast, South +merica or +sia; and they can recogni4e that they are all being dominated by the same global power struct is a 'ey point- not only is the awa'ening global in its reach, but in its nature; it creates within the individual, an awareness of the global condition So it is a 5global awa'ening6 both in the e"ternal environment, and in the internal psychology

*his new reality in the world, coupled with the fact that the world6s population has never been so vast, presents a challenge to elites see'ing to d people all over the world who are aware and awa'ened to the realities of social inequality, war, poverty, e"ploitation, disrespect, imperialism and domination *his directly implies that these populations will be significantly more challenging to control- economically, politically, socially, psychol and spiritually

*hus, from the point of view of the global oligarchy, the only method of imposing order and control - on this unique and historical human condition through the organi4ed chaos of economic crises, war, and the rapid e"pansion and institutionali4ation of a global scientific dictatorship 7ur hope fear; and our greatest fear is their only hope +s Charles 8ic'ens once wrote, 9&t was the best of times, it was the worst of times : *hat has never been so true as it is today

.01 ;bigniew !r4e4ins'i, *he #lobal <olitical +wa'ening *he 2ew =or' *imes- 8ecember 0/, ())>http-??www nytimes com?())>?0(?0/?opinion?0/iht-=3br4e4ins'i 0 0>@A)B00 html

.(1 ;bigniew !r4e4ins'i, 9,ajor $oreign <olicy Challenges for the 2e"t US <resident,: &nternational +ffairs, >C- 0, D())EF, page CA Demphasis addedF .A1 +$<, + new brain for !arac' 7bama *he 3conomist- ,arch 0B, ())@http-??www economist com?blogs?democracyinamerica?())@?)A?aGnewGbrainGforGbarac'Gobama .B1 ;bigniew !r4e4ins'i, *he 8ilemma of the Hast Sovereign *he +merican &nterest ,aga4ine, +utumn ())C- http-??www the-americaninterest com?article cfmIpieceJC/

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[5] Ibid. [6] Ibid. [7] Ibid. [8] Ibid. [9] Ibid. [10] Ibid. [11] Ibid.

[12] Michael Collins, Brzezinski !n "he #a$h "o %ar %i$h Iran. &lobal 'esearch (ebr)ar* 25, 2007 h$$+ ,,,inde/.+h con$e/$12a3aid14920

[15] 6ndre- &a2in Marshall, !ri.ins o7 $he 68erican 98+ire 'e2ol)$ion, %orld %ars and %orld !rder. &lobal 'esearch :)l* 28, 2009 h$$+ ,,,inde/.+h+0con$e/$12a3aid114552 ; see sec$ions, <%orld %ar 'es$r)c$)res %orld !rder,= and <98+ire, %ar an $he 'ise o7 $he >e- &lobal ?e.e8on,= 7or a look a$ $his in$erlockin. ne$-ork o7 $hink $anks.

[14] :ohn @$a)ber and @heldon 'a8+$on, "he (a$her o7 @+in 9d-ard A. Berna*s 3 "he Bir$h o7 #'. #' %a$ch, @econd B)ar$er 1999, Col) 6, >o. 2 h$$+ ,,---.+r-a$ch.or.,+r-iss)es,1999B2,berna*s.h$8l [15] 6ndre- &a2in Marshall, !ri.ins o7 $he 68erican 98+ire 'e2ol)$ion, %orld %ars and %orld !rder. &lobal 'esearch :)l* 28, 2009 h$$+ ,,,inde/.+h+0con$e/$12a3aid114552 ; 6ndre- &a2in Marshall, Con$rollin. $he &lobal 9cono8* Bilderber., $he "rila$eral Co88ission and $he (ederal 'eser2e. &lobal 'esearch 6).)s$ 5, 2009 h$$+ ,,,inde/.+h+0 con$e/$12a3aid114614

[16] 6ndre- &a2in Marshall, Con$rollin. $he &lobal 9cono8* Bilderber., $he "rila$eral Co88ission and $he (ederal 'eser2e. &lobal 'esea 6).)s$ 5, 2009 h$$+ ,,,inde/.+h+0con$e/$12a3aid114614 [17] Dbi.nie- Brzezinski, Be$-een "-o 68ericaEs 'ole in $he "echne$ronic 9ra. FCikin. #ress, >e- Gork, 1970H, +a.e 10 [18] Ibid, +a.e 12. [19] Ibid, +a.e 29. [20] Ibid, +a.e 97. [21] Ibid.

[22] 6ndre- &a2in Marshall, Con$rollin. $he &lobal 9cono8* Bilderber., $he "rila$eral Co88ission and $he (ederal 'eser2e. &lobal 'esea 6).)s$ 5, 2009 h$$+ ,,,inde/.+h+0con$e/$12a3aid114614

[25] Michel :. Crozier, @a8)el #. ?)n$in.$on and :oIi %a$an)ki, "he Crisis o7 Je8ocrac*. F'e+or$ on $he &o2ernabili$* o7 Je8ocracies $o $h "rila$eral Co88ission, >e- Gork Kni2ersi$* #ress, 1975H, +a.e 61 [24] Ibid, +a.e 62. [25] Ibid, +a.e 71. [26] Ibid, 74L75 [27] Ibid, +a.e 77. [28] Ibid, +a.e 95. [29] Ibid, 115L114. [50] Ibid, +a.e 115. [51] 6ndre- &a2in Marshall, ( a <>e- %orld !rder= Knder a !ne %orld &o2ern8en$. &lobal 'esearch 6).)s$ 15, 2009 h$$+ ,,,inde/.+h+0con$e/$12a3aid114712 [52] 6nneLMarie @la).h$er, "he 'eal >e- %orld !rder. (orei.n 677airs @e+$e8ber,!c$ober, 1997 184L185 [55] 'ichard >. &ardner, "he ?ard 'oad $o %orld !rder. (orei.n 677airs 6+ril, 1974 +a.e 556 [54] Ibid, +a.e 558. [55] Ibid. [56] @$robe "albo$$, 68erica 6broad. "i8e Ma.azine :)l* 20, 1992 h$$+ ,,---.$i8e.co8,$i8e,8a.azine,ar$icle,0,9171,976015,00.h$8l

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[37] Ibid. [38] David Rothkopf, Superclass: The lobal !o"er #lite a$d the %orld The& are 'aki$(. )Toro$to: !e$(ui$ *ooks, +,,8-, pa(es 3./03.1

[32] ideo$ Rach3a$, 4$d $o" for a "orld (over$3e$t. The 5i$a$cial Ti3es: Dece3ber 8, +,,8: http:66""".ft.co36c3s6s6,67a,3e/b10c/7 ..dd0b/.10,,,,77b,71/8.ht3l [7,] Ibid. [7.] 8eff ates, Statistics o$ !overt& a$d I$e9ualit&. lobal !olic& 5oru3: 'a& .222: http:66""".(lobalpolic&.or(6co3po$e$t6co$te$t6article6+.8671377.ht3l [7+] Social : #co$o3ic I$;ustice, %orld <e$tric, +,,7: http:66"orldce$tric.or(6co$scious0livi$(6social0a$d0eco$o3ic0i$;ustice [73] Ibid. [77] !5, !ress Release: !io$eeri$( Stud& Sho"s Richest ="$ >alf %orld %ealth. http:66""".(lobalpolic&.or(6co3po$e$t6co$te$t6article6+.8671///.ht3l [7/] ?@, The 'ille$$iu3 Develop3e$t lobal !olic& 5oru3: Dece3ber /, +,,1:

oals Report +,,2. ?$ited @atio$s, @e" Aork, +,,2: pa(e 7

[71] +, Su33it: *a$k bailout "ould e$d (lobal povert&, sa&s =Bfa3. The Tele(raph: 4pril ., +,,2: http:66""".tele($a$ce6fi$a$cetopics6(+,0su33it6/,877,76 +,0Su33it0*a$k0bailout0"ould0e$d0(lobal0povert&0sa&s0=Bfa3.ht3 [77] !ress Release, .,, people ever& 3i$ute pushed i$to povert& b& eco$o3ic crisis. =Bfa3 I$ter$atio$al: Septe3ber +7, +,,2: http:66""".oBfa3.or(6e$6pressroo36pressrelease6+,,20,20+76.,,0people0ever&03i$ute0pushed0povert&0eco$o3ic0crisis [78] !ress Release, 5i$a$cial crisis to deepe$ eBtre3e povert&, i$crease child 3ortalit& rates 0 ?@ report. ?@ @e"s <e$ter: 'arch 3, +,,2: http:66""".u$.or(6apps6$e"s6stor&.aspC@e"sIDD3,,7, [72] 4$dre" avi$ 'arshall, %ester$ <iviliEatio$ a$d the #co$o3ic <risis: The I3poverish3e$t of the 'iddle <lass. 3,, +,.,: http:66""".(lobalresearch.ca6i$deB.phpCco$teBtDva:aidD.8381 [/,] 4$dre" avi$ 'arshall, Debt D&$a3ite Do3i$oes: The <o3i$( 5i$a$cial <atastrophe. http:66""".(lobalresearch.ca6i$deB.phpCco$teBtDva:aidD.7731 [/.] Reuters, +, co33u$i9ue after 3eeti$( i$ South Forea. http:66""".reuters.co36article6id?STR#1/7,H@+,.,,1,/

lobal Research: 'arc

lobal Research: 5ebruar& ++, +,.,:

+, <o33u$i9uG: 8u$e /, +,.,:

[/+] 4$dre" avi$ 'arshall, 5or(i$( a I@e" %orld =rderJ ?$der a =$e %orld over$3e$t. lobal Research: 4u(ust .3, +,,2: http:66""".(lobalresearch.ca6i$deB.phpCco$teBtDva:aidD.77.+ K or for a 3ore succi$ct a$al&sis, 4$dre" avi$ 'arshall, The 5i$a$cial @e %orld =rder: To"ards a lobal <urre$c& a$d %orld over$3e$t. lobal Research: 4pril 1, +,,2: http:66""".(lobalresearch.ca6i$deB.phpC co$teBtDva:aidD.3,7, [/3] 4$dre" avi$ 'arshall, %ester$ <iviliEatio$ a$d the #co$o3ic <risis: The I3poverish3e$t of the 'iddle <lass. 3,, +,.,: http:66""".(lobalresearch.ca6i$deB.phpCco$teBtDva:aidD.8381 [/7] 4$dre" avi$ 'arshall, The lobal #co$o3ic <risis: Riots, Rebellio$ a$d Revolutio$. http:66""".(lobalresearch.ca6i$deB.phpCco$teBtDva:aidD.8/+2

lobal Research: 'arc

lobal Research: 4pril 7, +,.,:

[//] 'atthe" Rothschild, <ho3sk& %ar$s of Risk of 5ascis3 i$ 43erica. The !ro(ressive: 4pril .+, +,.,: http:66""".pro(ressive.or(6"B,7.+.,.ht3l

[/1] 8usti$e Sharrock, @ao3i %olf Thi$ks the Tea !arties >elp 5i(ht 5ascis3 00 Is She =$to So3ethi$( or i$ 5a$tas& La$dC 4lter$et: 'arch +,.,: http:66""".alter$et.or(6$e"s6.71.876$ao3iM"olfMthi$ksMtheMteaMpartiesMhelpMfi(htMfascis3M00MisMsheMo$MtoMso3ethi$(MorMi$Mfa$tas&Mla [/7] Ibid. [/8] Nbi($ie" *rEeEi$ski, The <hoice: lobal Do3i$atio$ or http:66""".cceia.or(6resources6tra$scripts677+7.ht3l [/2] Ibid. [1,] Ibid. [1.] Nbi($ie" *rEeEi$ski, 43ericaOs eopolitical Dile33as. Speech at the <a$adia$ I$ter$atio$al <ou$cil a$d 'o$treal <ou$cil o$ 5orei($ Relatio$s: 4pril +3, +,.,: http:66""".o$li$ecic.or(6resourcece63ulti3edia6a3ericas(eopoliticaldile33as lobal Leadership. Speech at the <ar$e(ie <ou$cil: 'arch +/, +,,7:

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Part 2
Revolution and Repression in America
June 29, 2010


As outlined in Part 1 above of this series, The Technological Revolution and the Future of Freedom, there are two major geopolitical realities in toda , both largel brought about as a result of the Technological Revolution in which technolog and electronics have come to define and shap societ ! The Technological Revolution has led to a diametricall opposed, antagonistic, and conflicting geopolitical realit "

never before has humanit been so awa#ened to issues of power, e$ploitation, imperialism and domination% and simultaneousl , never befo have elites been so transnational and global in orientation, and with the abilit to impose such a trul global s stem of scientific despotism a political oppression!

These are the two major geopolitical realities of the world toda !

&ever in all of human histor has man#ind been so capable of achieving a true global political ps cho'social awa#ening% nor has humanit ever b such danger of being subjected to a trul global scientific totalitarianism, potentiall more oppressive than an s stem #nown before, and without more technologicall capable of imposing a permanent despotism upon humanit !

(o we are filled with hope, but driven b urgenc ! )n all of human histor , never has the potential nor the repercussions of human actions and ide been so monumental!

&ot onl is the awa#ening global in its reach, but in its ver nature! )t creates within the individual, an awareness of the global condition! (o it is a awa#ening+ both in the e$ternal environment, and in the internal ps cholog !

This new realit in the world, coupled with the fact that the world+s population has never been so vast, presents a challenge to elites see#ing to d people all over the world who are aware and awa#ened to the realities of social ine,ualit , war, povert , e$ploitation, disrespect, imperialism and domination! This directl implies that these populations will be significantl more challenging to control" economicall , politicall , sociall , ps chol and spirituall !

Thus, from the point of view of the global oligarch , the onl method of imposing order and control ' on this uni,ue and historical human condition through the organi-ed chaos of economic crises, war, and the rapid e$pansion and institutionali-ation of a global scientific dictatorship! .ur hope fear% and our greatest fear is their onl hope!

This essa /Part ))0 will underta#e an e$amination of these two geopolitical realities on a national scale, focusing primaril on the American Awa#

The American Awakening

)n the past decade, there has been an enormous surge in popular political activism, which has corresponded to the e$pansion of imperialism, e$p and despotism in the world! The events of (eptember 11th, 1221, spar#ed two major geopolitical events!

The first was the implementation of the 3ush 4octrine ' the 5ar on Terror ' which was organi-ed in response to the terrorist attac#s! This imper e$pansion led to the war and occupation of Afghanistan, the war on )ra, and subse,uent occupation, the war in 6ebanon in 1227, the war on (om continuing militar e$pansionism and imposition in the Palestinian territories, as well as e$pansive covert operations in the 8iddle 9ast, :entral A Africa and around the world!

The second major geopolitical trend instigated b the ;<11 attac#s was the formation of what has come to be #nown as the ;<11 Truth 8ovemen which millions of people around the world, including thousands of academics, architects, engineers, government officials, intelligence and militar

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and other professionals, as well as an exponentially growing abundance of people in the general population internationally have sought to questi challenge the official accounts of the events of 9/11.

Like all activist groups, there are fringe and radical elements within the movement, those who claim that no planes! were used in the attacks, or attacks were undertaken by "srael # with anti#$emitic undertones # or other such fringe theories. %egardless of the fringe elements, the main focu movement is based around the fact that the official story of events does not stand up to any form of independent and unbiased, rational analysis.

&he media for years ignored the growing international movement, but only in recent years have acknowledged the movement' however, they did address the movement by analy(ing the information and issues, but rather by seeking to discredit and demoni(e the political movement, focusing fringe elements and beliefs and applying labels of conspiracy theorist,! attempting to discredit anyone who questions the official story.

"n )**+, &ime ,aga(ine acknowledged that the 9/11 &ruth ,ovement is not a fringe movement,! but is, in fact, a mainstream political reality.! & cited a ma-or political poll by $cripps#.oward in )**+, which revealed that /+0 of 1mericans think it is very likely! or somewhat likely! that gove officials either allowed the attacks to be carried out or carried out the attacks themselves.213

&he growth of this movement spurred on ma-or new movements and political activism, driven almost exclusively by organi(ed and 4politically awa civilians. 6riven largely by the "nternet, this movement has awakened a mass of people globally to the political and strategic reality of what is kno military terms # as a false flag operation!, in which an attack is carried out against a certain target, where those undertaking the attack fly the flag someone else 7i.e., false flag!8 in an effort to implicate them in the attack' and thus the response to an attack would be against the perceived atta "t is, essentially, a covert military stratagem9 a strategic deception. &he :reek dramatist and playwright Aeschylus wrote that, "n war, the first casualty is truth.!

1 false flag attack an act of war that is deliberately designed to deceive and hide the truth. "t is an attack carried out and blamed on one5s enemy to -ustify implementing a political agenda. :overnments have used such tactics for centuries, and especially western nations in the past half#century.2)3

&his movement has spawned an activist resurgence in other global issues, such as the global economic system, and most notably, the central ba system, particularly the ;ederal %eserve. <hile many 1mericans knew next to nothing about their central bank, the ;ederal %eserve, a growing m of 1mericans and others around the world were educating themselves about the ;ederal %eserve $ystem and the global banking system in gene

,any found a leader in a &exas =ongressman named Ron Paul, who campaigned on the %epublican ticket for >resident in )**?, and who drew widest grassroots support from across the nation of any %epublican candidates.

1mong 6emocrats, 9/11 &ruthers! and others critical of @$ foreign policy came to find a passionate leader in Cynthia McKinney lone voices in =ongress to directly challenge the Aush administration on the official version of events, and has challenged the election fraud in )* )**B, conducted a =ongressional hearing on covert activities in 1frica, exposing the hand of western nations behind the %wandan genocide and =ivil <ar.

"n late )**?, as the government began its financial bailout of the banks, the Cnd the ;ed! movement emerged in sporadic protests at the 1) ;ed %eserve Aanks located around the country, and over B* protests took place across the nation within a matter of months.2/3

The Homeland Security State Targets Dissenters

<ith the increasing militari(ation of foreign policy, we also see the increasing militari(ation of domestic politics, and most notably the emergence tech surveillance police state9 a .omeland $ecurity $tate.! Dational and international elites are in the process of incrementally constructing a 4new totalitarianism5 in replacing democracy.2B3

=ivil rights and freedoms are dismantled through anti#terrorist legislation, wiretapping and internet surveillance are rampant and expansive, watc are constructed, which often include the names of dissenters, and the military is increasingly poised to partake in policing. ;urther, over the past we have seen the rapid expansion of =ontinuity of :overnment! 7=E:8 plans, which plan for the suspension of the =onstitution and imposition o law in the event of an emergency.2F3

1t this point in 1merican society, if there was a rapid and expansive economic collapse or another ma-or terrorist attack on @$ soil, 1merica wou transform into a military government, more fascist in nature than anything' but equipped with an arsenal and technetronic! police state the likes o no dictator in history has had access to.

;reedom has never been so threatened' yet, people have never been so mobili(ed in modern history to challenge the threats to freedom and dem in 1merica, in the west, and in the world. 7$ee9 &he &ransnational .omeland $ecurity $tate and the 6ecline of 6emocracy8 "n )**/, :eneral Tommy Franks gave an interview with =igar 1ficionado maga(ine in which he elaborated on this concept.

&ommy ;ranks was the former =ommander of the >entagon5s =entral =ommand over the ,iddle Cast, and thus he was the top :eneral oversee wars in 1fghanistan and "raq.

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In his interview with the magazine, Franks stated that the objective of terrorism is to change the mannerisms, the behavior, the sociology and, ul the anthropology of a society, and thus, in the event of another major terrorist attack in America or in the est!

the western world, the free world, loses what it cherishes most, and that is freedom and liberty we"ve seen for a couple of hundred years in t grand e#periment that we call democracy$ %ow, in a practical sense, what does that mean&

It means the potential of a weapon of mass destruction and a terrorist, massive casualty'producing event somewhere in the western world ' may be in the (nited )tates of America ' that causes our population to *uestion our own +onstitution and to begin to militarize our country in order to avoid a repeat of another mass'casualty'producing event$ hich, in fact, then begins to potentially unravel the fabric of our +onstitu

/ne interesting facet that very little is known about in the militarization of domestic society and incremental totalitarianism is how the coercive sta apparatus, while being justified under the guise of fighting terrorism or protecting the 0omeland, is in fact being directed against citizen activists popular political movements$

For e#ample, following 1233, the 4epartment of 0omeland )ecurity established what are known as Fusion +enters, set up all over the (nited ) which are designed as information sharing and collecting hubs, in which agencies like the +IA, F5I, 4epartment of 6ustice, 0omeland )ecurity () 7ilitary collect and analyze information together$ As of 6uly 8991, there were :8 acknowledged Fusion +enters around the (nited )tates$,:. ;hink of them as local surveillance centers, because that<s what they are$ Fusion +enters are also positioned to take part as local command centers in the event of a national emergency or implementation of +ontinuity =overnment plans to declare martial law$ )tate and local law enforcement agencies provide the majority of information to the local is then analyzed and disseminated to the major intelligence, military or 0omeland )ecurity departments and agencies$

0owever, in recent years, Fusion +enters have been criticized for their purported agenda, as they are justified on the basis of acting as centers d for counter'terrorism purposes, but in practice are directed against citizen groups$

In the spring of 8991, it was revealed that the 7issouri Information Analysis +enter >7IA+? ' a Fusion +enter ' had put out an information pamph designed to help law enforcement officials identify potential domestic terrorists$ According to the report! If you"re an anti'abortion activist, or if you display political paraphernalia supporting a third'party candidate or a certain @epublican member +ongress, if you possess subversive literature, you very well might be a member of a domestic paramilitary group$,A. hen did our society become something out of 31AB& hen did our governments designate subversive literature as a sign of terrorism&

;he report classified such activities as being part of a 7odern 7ilitia 7ovement, and further identified potential threats to American security as

Ceople who supported former third'party presidential candidates like ;e#as @ep$ @on Caul, +huck 5aldwin and former =eorgia @ep$ 5ob 5a are cited in the report, in addition to anti'abortion activists and conspiracy theorists who believe the (nited )tates, 7e#ico and +anada will someday form a %orth American (nion$,1.

In other words, those who are opposed to the political and economic process of %orth American integration,39. are seen and identified as poten members$

;he report even directly identified possession of such films like the anti'Federal @eserve film, America! Freedom to Fascism as potential signa militia involvement$,33. ;he document put out by the Fusion +enter further warned law enforcement officials to be on the lookout for bumper stickers advertising third candidates, or people with copies of the (nited )tates +onstitution$ ;he report wrote that due to the economic crisis, a lush environment for militia activity has been created, and!

It goes on to cite possible militia members as people who talk about the %ew orld /rder conspiracy, e#press anger with the Federal @eser banking system, resist paying ta#es, warn other citizens about the perceived dangers of radio fre*uency identification >@FI4? or lobby for a r to strict constitutionalism as possible threats to law enforcement$

hile the memo does offer something of a lopsided summary of many of the various groups which swelled enormously following the terroris attacks of )ept$ 33, 8993, it also links individuals who are otherwise peaceful with the Du Dlu# Dlan and other violent organizations$

Another Fusion +enter in Eirginia identified many universities as potential radicalization nodes for terrorists, singling out historically black colleg potential threats, and,

it also contains an e#tensive list of peaceful American and International activist groups from nearly all cross'sections of political engagemen placing them side'by'side with groups that have long been known for resorting to violence$,3F.

In April of 8991, the A+G( >American +ivil Giberties (nion? released a report on the threat to liberties and civil rights posed by the Fusion +enters that,

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Fusion centers have experienced a mission creep in the last several years, becoming more of a threat than a security device. With no overarching guidelines to restrict or direct them, these centers put Americans privacy at huge risk. he A!"# report identified several troubling incidents in regards to Fusion !enters violating privacy and civil rights$

A %ay &, '(() report entitled #niversal Adversary *ynamic hreat Assessment authored by a private contractor that labeled

environmental organi+ations like the ,ierra !lub, the -umane ,ociety and the Audubon ,ociety as mainstream organi+ations .ith kno or possible links to eco/terrorism0

A potential abuse of authority by *-, officials .ho improperly monitored and disseminated the communications of peace activists affilia
.ith the *! Anti/War 1et.ork 2*AW130

A report produced on February 45, '((5 by the 1orth !entral exas Fusion ,ystem entitled 6revention A.areness 7ulletin .hich

described a purported conspiracy bet.een %uslim civil rights organi+ations, lobbying groups, the anti/.ar movement, the #.,. reasur *epartment, hip hop bands and former !ongress.oman and presidential candidate !ynthia %c8inney to provide an environment for terrorist organi+ations to flourish0

A ,trategic 9eport produced February '(, '((5 by the %issouri :nformation Analysis !enter that described a purported security threa
posed by the modern militia movement but inappropriately included references to social, religious and political ideologies, including support of third party presidential candidates such as !ongressman 9on 6aul and former !ongressman 7ob 7arr0 and

A 6rotective :ntelligence 7ulletin issued by the *-, :ntelligence 7ranch of the hreat %anagement *ivision of the Federal 6rotective

,ervice .hich improperly collected and disseminated information regarding political demonstrations and inappropriately labeled peacef advocacy groups and other activists as extremists.;4<= o those in, >peace is an >extremist idea, because >.ar and >violence are the norms to them.

1o. it has come to the point .here those .ho challenge the structures of are simply designated as terrorists and extremists. his is an inc dangerous political road at .hich the end is despotism and the death of democracy. !ongress.oman !ynthia %c8inney, as one of those identifie Fusion !enters as providing an environment for terrorist organi+ations to flourish, had this to say about the Fusion !enter report$

As a student of !?:1 @"69?, the governmentAs infamous Counter-Intelligence Program ;directed against the !ivil 9ights %ovement in the 45B( .hat my government is capable of doing to Cuash dissent. hatAs .hy : voted against the 6atriot Act, .orked in !ongress to roll back the ,ecret Act, and introduced legislation to repeal the %ilitary !ommissions Act.

: come from a long legacy of activists for Dustice and freedom inside this country. : am on the advocacy front lines for peace abroad and Dustice at 7ut : kno. that .e .ill not have peace or Dustice .ithout truth. ruth is the foundation of the dignity that .e seek. *ignity for all is not a threat to th ,tates.;4E=

:t has become evident that the response of the American government to the global political a.akening .ithin the #nited ,tates is aimed at dem discrediting, and oppressing activist groups and political movements. 7ut ho. far can this oppression goF

Detention Camps for Dissidents?

?ne startling and deeply concerning development in the area of -omeland ,ecurity is the highly secretive and deliberately Cuiet establishment detention centers .ithin the #nited ,tates, designed to house millions of people in the event of an emergency. :n '((', Attorney General John Ashcroft,

announced ;a= desire for camps for #.,. citi+ens he deems to be >enemy combatants, and that his plan .ould allo. him to order the indef incarceration of #.,. citi+ens and summarily strip them of their constitutional rights and access to the courts by declaring them enemy combatants.;4B=

Also in '((', it .as reported that F@%A, the Federal Emergency Management Agency 2no. under the purvie. of the *epartment of -omeland , .as, moving ahead .ith plans to create temporary cities that could handle millions of Americans after mass destruction attacks on #.,. cities. ewsma! reported that,

F@%A .as seeking bids from three maDor real estate andHor engineering firms to help prepare for the creation of the emergency cities, using tents and trailers / if an urban area is attacked by 17! 2nuclear, chemical or biological3 .eapons.;4&=

:n '((B, Dick Cheneys former company, -alliburton, and its subsidiary company, 8ellogg/7ro.n I 9oot 28793 received a maDor contract from t *epartment of -omeland ,ecurity .orth JK)E million, .hich .as given, to support the *epartment of -omeland ,ecurityAs 2*-,3 #.,. :mmigration and !ustoms @nforcement 2:!@3 facilities in the event of an emergency.

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A press release on KBRs website stated that:

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The contract, which is effective immediately, provides for establishing temporary detention and processing capabilities to augment existing !" and Removal Operations #$R%& 'rogram facilities in the event of an emergency influx of immigrants into the ()*), or to support the rapid develop new programs)+,-. /urther, it stated that,

0The contract may also provide migrant detention support to other ()*) 1overnment organi2ations in the event of an immigration emergency well as the development of a plan to react to a national emergency, such as a natural disaster) n the event of a natural disaster, the contrac could be tas3ed with providing housing for !" personnel performing law enforcement functions in support of relief efforts)4+,5. 6ithin two wee3s,

07omeland *ecurity *ecretary 8ichael !hertoff announced that the /iscal 9ear :;;< federal budget would allocate over =>;; million to add ?,<;; additional detention beds #an increase of @: percent over :;;?&)4 As historian and author Peter Dale Scott reported: Both the contract and the budget allocation are in partial fulfillment of an ambitious ,;Ayear 7omeland *ecurity strategic plan, codeAnamed "B$1A8", authori2ed in :;;@) According to a >5Apage 7omeland *ecurity document on the plan, "B$1A8" expands Ca mission first articulated in the Alien and *edition Acts of ,<5-)C

ts goal is the capability to Cremove all removable aliens,C including Cillegal economic migrants, aliens who have committed criminal acts, asy see3ers #reDuired to be retained by law& or potential terrorists)4+:;.

!onsidering that the government labels antiAwar activists, libertarians, progressives, and other peaceful citi2ens groups as 0extremists,4 0paramili members4 and 0terrorists,4 this is especially concerning) n :;;-, a former (* !ongressman wrote an article for the San Francisco Chronicle in which he warned that,

0*ince 5E,,, and seemingly without the notice of most Americans, the federal government has assumed the authority to institute martial law, arrest a wide swath of dissidents #citi2en and nonAciti2en ali3e&, and detain people without legal or constitutional recourse in the event of Fan emergency influx of immigrants in the ()*), or to support the rapid development of new programs)4 7e elaborated:

Beginning in ,555, the government has entered into a series of singleAbid contracts with 7alliburton subsidiary Kellogg, Brown and Root #KB to build detention camps at undisclosed locations within the (nited *tates) The government has also contracted with several companies to b thousands of railcars, some reportedly eDuipped with shac3les, ostensibly to transport detainees)+:,. As 'eter $ale *cott explained:

the contract evo3ed ominous memories of %liver BorthGs controversial RexA-> Creadiness exerciseC in ,5->) This called for the /ederal "mergency 8anagement Agency #/"8A& to round up and detain >;;,;;; imaginary Crefugees,C in the context of Cuncontrolled population movementsC over the 8exican border into the (nited *tates) BorthGs activities raised civil liberties concerns in both !ongress and the Hustice $epartment) The concerns persist)

CAlmost certainly this is preparation for a roundup after the next 5E,, for 8idA"asterners, 8uslims and possibly dissenters,C says $aniel "llsb a former military analyst who in ,5<, released the 'entagon 'apers, the ()*) militaryGs account of its activities in Iietnam) CTheyGve already done this on a smaller scale, with the Gspecial registrationG detentions of immigrant men from 8uslim countries, and with 1uantanamo)C

'lans for detention facilities or camps have a long history, going bac3 to fears in the ,5<;s of a national uprising by blac3 militants) As Alon2 !hardy reported in the 8iami 7erald on Huly J, ,5-<, an executive order for continuity of government #!%1& had been drafted in ,5-: by /" head Kouis 1iuffrida) The order called for Csuspension of the !onstitutionC and Cdeclaration of martial law)C+::.

8ore recently, there have been several reported incidents of small towns having maLor 0detention centers4 being built in them which remain empt maintained for the event of an 0emergency)4 %ne such facility is being proposed for the !ity of taly to build 0a detention center for illegal immigrants)4+:@. There was also an effort to have a detention center built in Benson !ity 0to house illegal immigrants)4+:>. A maLor American prison corporation, Corrections,

0has been at the center of numerous controversies, including a bi2arre prisonAbuilding scheme in 7ardin, 8ontana that involved a private mi force called American 'olice /orce run by an exAcon) The prison cost the small town =:< million but never housed any prisoners)4 /urther, !orplan, 0has approached city officials in several towns across the ()*) A Benson, Ari2onaM Kas !ruces, Bew 8exicoM and 6eslaco, Texas A with a proposal to build a new detention center for immigrant families)4+:J.

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These facilities, built under the pretences of housing 0illegal immigrants4 yet largely remaining empty, could potentially be used to house not only immigrants, but also 8uslims and 0possibly dissenters4 following a maLor emergency, such as an economic collapse or terrorist attac3 within the *tates) After all, in 6orld 6ar , !anada and the (nited *tates rounded up Hapanese and 1erman immigrants into internment camps) Again, it becomes evident that the response of power structures to the manifestation of the global political awa3ening within the (nited *tates is oppress and suppress the people, and with that, undermine democracy itself)

The Prospects of Revolution

$uring the first phase of the global economic crisis in $ecember of :;;-, the 8/ warned governments of the prospect of 0violent unrest on the s The head of the 8/ warned that, 0violent protests could brea3 out in countries worldwide if the financial system was not restructured to benefit everyone rather than a small elite)4+:?. Baturally, the 8/ director leaves out the fact that he is part of that small elite and that the 8/ functions for the benefit of that very same elite) n late $ecember of :;;-, 0A ()*) Army 6ar !ollege report warn+ed. an economic crisis in the (nited *tates could lead to massive civil unrest and the need to call on military to restore order)4 The report stated that,

06idespread civil violence inside the (nited *tates would force the defense establishment to reorient priorities))) to defend basic domestic o and human security)4+:<. Throughout :;;5, there was an abundance of civil unrest, protests and even riots all across "urope in response to the economic crisis)

n /ebruary of :;;5, %bamas intelligence chief, Dennis Blair, the $irector of Bational ntelligence, told the *enate ntelligence !ommittee that t economic crisis has become the greatest threat to ()*) national security:

d li3e to begin with the global economic crisis, because it already looms as the most serious one in decades, if not in centuries ))) "conomic crises increase the ris3 of regimeAthreatening instability if they are prolonged for a oneA or twoAyear period))) And instability can loosen the fr hold that many developing countries have on law and order, which can spill out in dangerous ways into the international community) n other words, the economic crisis poses two maLor social threats to the 0national security4 #i)e), imperial status& of the (nited *tates) %f 3ey importance is that America and other western nations may lose control of their colonial possessions and interests in the developing world *outh America and Asia A as the people in those regions, the most 0politically awa3ened4 in the world, can cause 0regimeAthreatening instability4 prospects of riots, rebellion and revolution expose the failure of their national leaders and governance structures)

This would pose an immense threat to the interests of the west in those regions, as they primarily rely upon local nationAstates to control the popu and resources) !oncurrently, these revolts could spread to the developing world) *o western elites are faced with the prospects of possibly losing control over the worlds resources and even their own domestic populations) The natural reaction, in imperial logic, is to militari2e both the foreign and domestic spheres) Bo wonder then, that in :;;-, the highestAran3ing general in the (nited *tates,

0Adm) 8ichael 8ullen, chairman of the Hoint !hiefs of *taff, ran3s the financial crisis as a higher priority and greater ris3 to security than cur wars in raD and Afghanistan)4 7e explained,

0 tGs a global crisis) And as that impacts security issues, or feeds greater instability, thin3 it will impact on our national security in ways that w Duite havenGt figured out yet)4+:5. The head of the World Trade Organization #6T%& warned that, 0The global economic crisis could trigger political unrest eDual to that seen during the ,5@;s)4 7e elaborated, 0The crisis today is spreading even faster #than the 1reat $epression& and affects more countries at the same time)4+@;. n /ebruary of :;;5, renowned economic historian and 7arvard professor, Niall Ferguson, predicted a,

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prolonged financial hardship, even civil war, before the Great Recession' ends, and that, The global crisis is far from over, [it] has only !s beg!n, and "anada is no e#ception, he said while at a spea$ing event in "anada% &e e#plained, 'olicy ma$ers and forecasters who see a recovery ne#t year are probably lying to boost p!blic confidence, while, the crisis will event!ally provo$e political conflict% &e f!rther e#plained(

There will be blood, in the sense that a crisis of this magnit!de is bo!nd to increase political as well as economic [conflict]% )t is bo!nd to destabili*e some co!ntries% )t will ca!se civil wars to brea$ o!t, that have been dormant% )t will topple governments that were moderate and b in governments that are e#treme% These things are pretty predictable%[+,] -ven in .ay of /001, the head of the 2orld 3an$ warned that, the global economic crisis co!ld lead to serio!s social !pheaval, as there is a ris$ of a serio!s h!man and social crisis with very serio!s political implications%[+/] Zbigniew Brzezinski himself warned in 4ebr!ary of /001 that, There's going to be growing conflict between the classes and if people are !nemployed and really h!rting, hell, there co!ld be even riots5

)n .arch of /0,0, .oody6s, a ma or credit ratings agency, warned that social !nrest is coming to the west, as the 78, the 79, Germany, 4rance 8pain, are all at ris$ of soaring debt costs and will have to implement a!sterity plans that threaten social cohesion6%[+:] )n /00;, a 3ritish <efense .inistry report was released assessing global trends in the world over the ne#t +0 years% )n assessing Global )ne=!ality, the report stated that over the ne#t +0 years(

[T]he gap between rich and poor will probably increase and absol!te poverty will remain a global challenge%%% <isparities in wealth and advan will therefore become more obvio!s, with their associated grievances and resentments, even among the growing n!mbers of people who ar li$ely to be materially more prospero!s than their parents and grandparents%

>bsol!te poverty and comparative disadvantage will f!el perceptions of in !stice among those whose e#pectations are not met, increasing tension and instability, both within and between societies and res!lting in e#pressions of violence s!ch as disorder, criminality, terrorism and ins!rgency%

They may also lead to the res!rgence of not only anti?capitalist ideologies, possibly lin$ed to religio!s, anarchist or nihilist movements, b!t a to pop!lism and the revival of .ar#ism%[+@] 4!rther, the report warned of the dangers to the established powers of a revol!tion emerging from the disgr!ntled middle classes of the west(

The middle classes co!ld become a revol!tionary class, ta$ing the role envisaged for the proletariat by .ar#% The globali*ation of labo!r ma and red!cing levels of national welfare provision and employment co!ld red!ce peoples6 attachment to partic!lar states%

The growing gap between themselves and a small n!mber of highly visible s!per?rich individ!als might f!el disill!sion with meritocracy, whil growing !rban !nder?classes are li$ely to pose an increasing threat to social order and stability, as the b!rden of ac=!ired debt and the fail! pension provision begins to bite%

4aced by these twin challenges, the world6s middle?classes might !nite, !sing access to $nowledge, reso!rces and s$ills to shape transnatio processes in their own class interest%[+A]

From the Old World to the New

8o here we are, in the year /0,0, the end of the first decade of the /,st cent!ry% >nd what a cent!ry it has been th!s far(

1B,, a recession the war on >fghanistan the war on terror the war on )ra= terrorist attac$s in 3ali, .adrid, Condon and all across the .iddle -ast the war on 8omalia the "ongo "ivil 2ar Dthe deadliest conflict since 2orld 2ar )), with !pwards of A million innocent civilians $illed since ,11AE the R!ssia?Georgia war

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the e#pansion of the war into 'a$istan the election of 3arac$ Fbama the global economic crisis,
%%%and here we are%

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>ll of h!man history is the story of the str!ggle of free h!manity ? the individ!al and the collective ? against the constr!cts of power, which so!ght dominate and control h!manity%

4rom h!manity6s origins in >frica, civili*ations rose and fell, dominated and decimated% 4rom >ncient -gypt to Greece and Rome, the "hinese dy the .ayans and >*tecs, all so!ght domination of land and people% The 'ersian -mpire and the Fttoman -mpire e#panded and controlled vast po and diverse peopleG and with the emergence of "apitalism came the emergence of the -!ropean powers%

4or the past @00 years, -!rope and >merica have dominated the worldG and in fact, only in the last A@ years has >merica dominated the globe% T of 2estphalia was signed in ,A:H, ending the Thirty Iears6 2ar in the &oly Roman -mpire and the -ighty Iears6 2ar between 8pain and the Re the 8even 7nited Jetherlands%

This agreement effectively ended the &oly Roman -mpire, and mar$ed the emergence of the idea of the modern nation?state% 7niversity st!dies )nternational Relations begin with the 'eace of 2estphalia, as it is viewed as the beginning of the international system we $now today%

F!t of this emerged the great -!ropean empires( the 'ort!g!ese, the 8panish, the <!tch, and later the 4rench, 3ritish and German empires, wh created the first global political economy with the >tlantic 8lave Trade, trading weapons and goods in e#change for capt!red slaves, f!eling inter wars among the large >frican empires to feed them a s!pply of slaves which they then too$ to the >mericas to !se as a labo!r force%

That labo!r force wo!ld prod!ce goods ta$en bac$ to -!rope, traded among the world6s empires, and !ltimately financing the contin!ed flow of w into >frica% )t was a triang!lar trade between -!rope, >frica and the >mericas% >t this time, the notion of race6 originated thro!gh a series of lega decisions made in the colonies%

)n the ,A00s, the colonies in the >mericas were made !p of white, )ndian and blac$ indent!red labo!rers and slaves, both !n?free blac$s and wh blac$s being a minority, yet they still e#ercised basic rights in law%

> problem arose for elites attempting to control the labo!r class( the !n?free native labo!r force $new the land and co!ld escape easily Dso they w be largely eliminated thro!gh genocideEG and in the ,AA0s, the labo!r class was becoming rebellio!s, where blac$ and white labo!rers wor$ed to and rebelled against local elites%

The entire lower class of society was !nited ? regardless of their varied and e#pansive differences ? and they were !nited against the elites% Th!s doctrine of divide and con=!er6 was implemented against the psycho?social fo!ndations of the people%[+;] The elite,

rela#ed the servit!de of the white labo!rers, and intensified the bonds of blac$ slavery, and s!bse=!ently introd!ced a new regime of rac oppression% )n doing so, they effectively created the white race ? and with it white s!premacy% Th!s, the conditions of white and blac$ servants began to diverge considerably after ,AA0%

4ollowing this, legislation wo!ld separate white and blac$ slavery, prevent mi#ed marriages, and see$ to prevent the procreation of mi#ed?race 2hereas before ,AA0, many blac$ slaves were not indent!red for life, this changed as colonial law increasingly, imposed lifetime bondage for blac$ servants ? and, especially significant, the c!rse of lifetime servit!de for their offspring%[+H]

> central feat!re of the social constr!ction of this racial divide was the denial of the right to vote, as most >nglo?>merican colonies previo!sly a free blac$s to vote, b!t this slowly changed thro!gho!t the colonies% The r!ling class of >merica was essentially inventing race% Th!s, 4reedom was increasingly identified with race, not class%[+1]

)n ,A:H, the nation?state emergedG in ,AA0, racism was created thro!gh legal decisionsG and in ,A1:, the 3an$ of -ngland was created and the b central ban$ing system too$ place% >ll of these were essentially social constr!ctions6 ? nation, race, c!rrency ? in which they are simply ideas that are accepted as reality%

> nation is not a physical entity Race has no tr!e basis for discrimination or hierarchy > c!rrency has no act!al val!e
They only hold as tr!e beca!se everyone accepts them as tr!e%

4rom this period of immense transition, -!ropean imperial nations dominated the worldG racism !stified their domination, and central ban$s dom empires at home and abroad% The ,H00s saw the )nd!strial Revol!tion, which instigated the decline of slavery and the emergence of paid labo!r ho!rly wages%

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-vent!ally, the notion of race science6 emerged within the e!genics movement, originating in -!rope, and later migrating to the 7nited 8tates in ,1th cent!ry% This helped !stify the 8cramble for >frica6, which began in the ,HH0s and entailed the -!ropean empires formally coloni*ing the en continent of >frica, carving it into nations among them, b!t !stifying it on the basis of a racist civili*ing mission%

The -!ropean imperial age declined with 2orld 2ar ), a battle of empires and economies% This led to the collapse of many -!ropean empires as the Fttoman and R!ssian empires, with the emergence of the 8oviet 7nion as well as nation?states in the .iddle -ast% The emergence of fascism root in the ,1/0s and +0s, and grew to coalesce in 2orld 2ar )), which led to the !ltimate decline of the 3ritish and 4rench empires, and the eme the >merican empire%

>merica became the engine of empire for the >tlantic comm!nity, -!rope and Jorth >merica% )t created and ran international organi*ations allow transnational elites to share power among an increasingly global ? an increasingly smaller ? gro!p of elites% The 2orld, for nearly fifty years, was as a global str!ggle between "omm!nism and <emocracy ? between the 8oviet 7nion and the 2est% This historical myth hides the face of global domination( a str!ggle between two blocs for global domination of the world6s people and reso!rces%

2ith the end of the "old 2ar came the emergence of the Jew 2orld Frder, a world in which there was only one global power( the 7nited 8tates

) was born shortly before the 3erlin 2all came down, and ) developed a memory only after the 8oviet 7nion collapsedG the only world ) $now is th which the 7nited 8tates has been the only global power% ) $now only the era of globali*ation6 and the promises it made my generation% Thin$ of the effect !pon the yo!th this great period of transition will have%

The history of h!manity is one of constant change, sometimes slow and incremental, at other times rapid and e#pansive% Today, we are in a peri which we are seeing a convergence of never?before?seen global realities% The pop!lation of the world has never been so mon!mentally large ? a billion ? and among the global pop!lation, for the first time in h!man history, there is a tr!e global political awa$ening%

This does not mean that everyone is correct in their views, b!t it does mean that the world6s people are thin$ing and acting ? even if incidentally o !n$nowingly ? abo!t the global polity% This is most especially so in the areas where the >tlantic world has dominated for so long, as they have be s!b ected to poverty, racism, and war li$e no other people on earth% Their awa$ening6 was forced !pon them, and the west is now having its awa forced !pon it% >t o!r c!rrent position, we are abo!t to !ndergo a global historical period of transition, the li$es of which has never before been seen%

The incremental and slow b!ilding global political awa$ening6 that emerged aro!nd the world in the past cent!ry, is reaching a precipice and rap e#pansion at the beginning of the /,st cent!ry% Global power has never been so centrali*ed, with international instit!tions and systems of global governance holding a!thority over several realms of h!manity%

2e are parta$ing in global wars see$ing to dominate pop!lations and control reso!rces, democracy is eroding in the west, and wealth disparities never been so great in all of h!man history%

4or the first time in the last @00 years, the -ast has risen ? with "hina and )ndia ? as new global powers, rising within the system not against itG m first time that nation?states have not risen against the global power, b!t with the global power% "hina and )ndia are being bro!ght within a new glo political and economic system that is being constr!cted( a global totalitarian system of continental colonies to a global state% )n ,11H, then 8ecretary?General of J>TF, Javier Solana, gave a speech in which he said(

)t is my general contention that h!manity and democracy ? two principles essentially irrelevant to the original 2estphalian order ? can serve a g!ideposts in crafting a new international order, better adapted to the sec!rity realities, and challenges, of today's -!rope%[:0] 4!rther, he e#plained, the 2estphalian system had its limits% 4or one, the principle of sovereignty it relied on also prod!ced the basis for rivalry, not comm!nity of statesG e#cl!sion, not integration%

Th!s, to tr!ly have global power, the international system of nation?states m!st be re?imagined6 and altered( first, into continental governance str and !ltimately a global str!ct!re% >s 8olana said, )n the 7nited Jations, the ideal of a global instit!tion incl!ding all nations became a reality, and the ideal of -!ropean integration was set motion% &e elaborated(

3!t an integral part of the evol!tion of the >tlantic >lliance was the idea of reconciliation( the integration of o!r militaries, the common pro ec collective defense, and the willingness to wor$ towards a common approach to defend the >lliance's common val!es% 7nfort!nately, also o!t of the same ashes of the second world war emerged the -ast?2est confrontation that left -!rope deeply divided for than fo!r decades%

>s o!r cent!ry comes to an end, we at last have the opport!nity to overcome this division and to set free all the creative energies this contin can m!ster to b!ild the new sec!rity order which will lead !s into the /,st cent!ry%[:,]

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It is a difficult balancing act for global powers - particularly the United States - to manage the integration of China into the new world order, while simultaneously both of them compete for control of global resources, located primarily in regions of the world which are experiencing the most ra extensive awa ening!

"he imperial mindset - li e that of #r$e$ins is - see s to rationali$e global power as being e%uated with global stability, and that without empire, only chaos! "hus, imperial logic dictates that &merica must see to dominate as much of the world as fast as possible, and hence control global resources, which will allow it to determine the terms of China and other powers inclusion in the new world order!

"his has the potential to spar a global war - a 'orld 'ar III type of scenario between the (&") powers and the China-*ussia alliance - the Sha Cooperation )rgani$ation +SC), - who see to share power, not to be dominated! -lobal populations at home and abroad have never been so challenging to control. global war is inevitable in the imperial mindset! &s #r$e$ins i himself stated in a speech to Chatham /ouse in 0ondon in 1223.

#ut these ma4or world powers, new and old, also face a novel reality. while the lethality of their military might is greater than ever, their capa to impose control over the politically awa ened masses of the world is at a historic low!

"o put it bluntly. in earlier times, it was easier to control one million people than to physically ill one million people5 today, it is infinitely easie ill one million people than to control one million people!6718 In many peoples view of the global economic crisis, the problem was greed! -reed is not the problem, it is but a symptom of the disease that is power5 which, li e a cancer, expands and ills its host! /umanity is entering li ely be the most turbulent period in human history!

"he future is not yet written5 all that is certain is that everything will change! 'hat it comes down to is the greatest human struggle in the history o small little planet. the struggle of the worlds people - in every corner of the world, from every religion, race, ethnicity, ideology, language, sex, gender and variation - against a global power elite who control the most advanced, technological, and lethal tools of oppression every conceived! 9a e no mista e, we are not repeating history, we are ma ing it!

The Power of Ideas

)ur awa ening is the greatest threat to these global elites, and it is our only hope of protecting any notions of freedom, liberty, family, e%uality an individuality!

It is these notions that have led to and created the greatest developments and ideas in human history! /umanitys best is within these concepts, worst is within power! "he shame of humanity is within its systems of power, so for humanity to survive we must re-imagine and remodel our glob and global power!

'e cannot design a society for humanity without ta ing into consideration human nature! If you build it, they will come! If we eep creating positio great power, and continually globali$e power, it will attract exactly the wrong type of people to those positions of power. the ones that want it and abuse the power!

"hese people are more li ely to get to these positions of power because they are willing to do anything to get there, which means that once they they will do anything to maintain and expand it! &nd so power grows, and the cancer spreads! Imagine if /itlers rise to power too place not in th nation-states, but in the era of the global state! &ll that is re%uired is one tyrant, and humanity is nothing if not proof that there are always tyrants in waiting!

'hat is a nation: Is it an army, a flag, an anthem, or a building of government: & nation is an idea - and is constructed by a series of ideas! "her real border, it is an imaginary line, and everyone in the world pretends they are there, and nation-states +which are really people who are in cont these ideas,, govern accordingly!

(ow we are in a period in which elites are attempting to re-imagine the international community, to erase the idea of borders, and to ultimately r humanity to follow their example!

Social planners see to control not simply our land, resources and bodies, but most importantly, our minds! 'orld government will be sold to us o ideas of peace, something all of humanity wants5 all save the powerful, for war and conflict is the means through which power is accumulated an is transformed! "rue peace will never be possible with a singular global power structure5 for once power is globally centrali$ed, what more can the powerful see achieve:

"hus, the powerful fight each other for control of the centrali$ed authority, paranoia governs their minds, and distrust and hatred directs their actio ;ower subse%uently becomes its own worst enemy, as it eats away at its host and destroys the body within which it lives!

"rue peace can only come from human understanding! <ree humanity must understand each other if we are to live among each other! 'e canno longer view each other through the lenses of power. through the media, government, economic, and social structures!

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These structures are designed with the intent to mislead and misrepresent people, they are illegitimate and must be considered as such. We mus and understand each other on a human level: on ideas of freedom, liberty, family, equality and individually. To achieve that understanding, one re that freedom must be for all or none, that liberty is not to be selective, the importance of family, the necessity of equality and the acceptance and celebration of individuality. With that, peace is inevitable. With power, peace is impossible.

Just as elites seek to re imagine and recreate our world, we too, can do the same. This must begin with the human understanding, where we en new !enaissance or "nlightenment, not western, but global# where the people communicate and interact with each other on a personal basis, no elite structures.

This must be the aim of the global political awakening: to achieve peace through peaceful means. $f everyone in the world simply decided to no lo acknowledge people and positions of power, that power would vanish. $f there is no army, because the soldiers decided to no longer recognize th government, there is no one to pull the trigger on people in the street. $ think, therefore $ am. $f $ think $ am free, $ will become free.

%ut while an individual can do this, it does not work if everyone doesn&t do it. This requires all people, everywhere, to work together, talk together together, think together and act together. We can either do this now, or potentially be subdued for decades if not longer. $f we do not achieve glob and freedom for all people, if we do not understand each other, power will win, at least for a while.

What is important to note is that the emergence of a technetronic society reduces the need for people, as technology can watch, listen, control an people with the push of a button. We are also in danger of becoming a docile, tranquilized society, lost in drugs whether recreational or even mo notably, pharmaceutical. We must avoid entering into a 'brave new world&, and instead bravely construct a different world.

(rom the militarization of domestic society, it would appear as if we are moving into a world quite reminiscent of )eorge *rwell&s +,-. is divided into a few ma/or regional blocs that war against each other and terrorize their populations through acts of physical terror and total surve 01%ig %rother23.

This is but a phase and evolution into the final stage the grand idea or as 4ldous 5u6ley referred to it, 1The 7ltimate !evolution2: the global sc dictatorship. That will be the focus of the third and final part in this series.

8+9 :ev )rossman, Why the ,;++ <onspiracy Theories Won=t )o 4way. Time >agazine: ?eptember @, ABBC: http:;;;time;magazine;article;B,,+D+,+E@+@B.,BB.html

8A9 4ndrew )avin >arshall, ?tate ?ponsored Terror: %ritish and 4merican %lack *ps in $raq. )lobal !esearch: June AE, ABB-: http:;;;inde6.phpFconte6tGvaHaidG,..D# 4ndrew )avin >arshall, %reaking $raq and %laming $ran. )lobal !esearch: J @, ABB-: http:;;;inde6.phpFconte6tGvaHaidG,.EB # 4ndrew )avin >arshall, *peration )ladio: <$4 Ietwork of J?tay %ehindJ ?ecret 4rmies. )lobal !esearch: July +D, ABB-: http:;;;inde6.phpFconte6tGvaHaidG,EEC # also see: Kaniele )anser, I4T*=s secret armies: operation )ladio and terrorism in Western "urope, 0(rank <ass: ABBE3. 8@9 <hris ?teller, >inneapolis (ederal !eserve draws third protest in si6 months. The >innesota $ndependent: 4pril AE, ABB,: http:;;;@@.BB;end the fed minneapolis 8.9 4ndrew )avin >arshall, The Transnational 5omeland ?ecurity ?tate and the Kecline of Kemocracy. )lobal !esearch: 4pril +E, AB+B: http:;;;inde6.phpFconte6tGvaHaidG+-CDC

8E9 Leter Kale ?cott, ?upplanting the 7nited ?tates <onstitution: War, Iational "mergency and J<ontinuity of )overnmentJ. )lobal !esearc >ay +,, AB+B: http:;;;inde6.phpFconte6tGvaHaidG+,A@- # Leter Kale ?cott, >artial :aw, the (inancial %ailout, and W )lobal !esearch: January -, ABB,: http:;;;inde6.phpFconte6tGvaHaidG++C-+ 8C9 >arvin !. ?hanken, )eneral Tommy (ranks: 4n e6clusive interview with 4merica=s top general in the war on terrorism. <igar 4ficionado >agazine: Kecember +, ABB@: http:;;;<igar;<4MLrofiles;LeopleMLrofile;B,AE.B,AB+,BB.html

8D9 4my )oodman, %roadcast "6clusive: Keclassified Kocs !eveal >ilitary *perative ?pied on W4 Leace )roups, 4ctivist (riends ?tunned Kemocracy IowN July A-, ABB,: http:;;;ABB,;D;A-;broadcastMe6clusiveMdeclassifiedMdocsMrevealMmilitary 8-9 Joshua !hett >iller, =(usion <enters= "6pand <riteria to $dentify >ilitia >embers. (o6 Iews: >arch A@, ABB,: http:;;;politics;ABB,;B@;A@;fusion centers e6pand criteria identify militia members; 8,9 Joshua !hett >iller, =(usion <enters= "6pand <riteria to $dentify >ilitia >embers. (o6 Iews: >arch A@, ABB,: http:;;;politics;ABB,;B@;A@;fusion centers e6pand criteria identify militia members; 8+B9 4ndrew )avin >arshall, Tyrants and Traitors: The 1"volution by ?tealth2 of a Iorth 4merican 7nion. )lobal !esearch: 4ugust D, ABBD:

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[11] !osh"a #hett $iller% &'"sion (enters& )xpand (riteria to *denti+, $ilitia $e-bers. 'ox .ews: $arch /0% /112:"sion3centers3expand3criteria3identi+,3-ilitia3-e-bers/ [1/] 4tephen (. 5ebster% $isso"ri retracts police -e-o which labeled activists as &-ilitia&. 6he #aw 4tor,: $arch /6% /112: http://rawstor,.co-/news//117/$isso"ri8retracts8police8-e-o8which8labeled810/ [10] 4tephen (. 5ebster% '"sion center declares nation&s oldest "niversities possible terror threat. 6he #aw 4tor,: 9pril 6% /112: http://www.rawstor,.co-/news//117/:irginia8terror8assess-ent8targets8enor-o"

[14] ;ress #elease% 9(<= (alls 'or *nternal >?4 *nvestigations @n '"sion (enters. 9(<=: 9pril 1% /112: http://www.acl".org/technolog,3an libert,/acl"3calls3internal3dhs3investigations3+"sion3centers

[15] ;ress #elease% 9(<= (alls 'or *nternal >?4 *nvestigations @n '"sion (enters. 9(<=: 9pril 1% /112: http://www.acl".org/technolog,3an libert,/acl"3calls3internal3dhs3investigations3+"sion3centers [16] !onathan 6"rle,% (a-ps +or (itiAens: 9shcro+t&s ?ellish :ision. <os 9ngeles 6i-es: 9"g"st 14% /11/:[17] (hristopher #"dd,% ')$9Bs ;lan +or $ass >estr"ction 9ttacCs: @+ (o"rse *tBs 6r"e. .ews-ax: 9"g"st 6% /11/:

[17] ;ress #elease% DE# 9warded =.4. >epart-ent o+ ?o-eland 4ec"rit, (ontingenc, 4"pport ;roFect +or )-ergenc, 4"pport 4ervices. D !an"ar, /4% /116:;ress3#eleases//116/11//4/DE#39warded3=43>epart-ent3o+3?o-eland34ec"rit,3 (ontingenc,34"pport3;roFect3+or3)-ergenc,34"pport34ervices/ [12] *bid.

[/1] ;eter >ale 4cott% 113Gear =.4. 4trategic ;lan 'or >etention (a-ps #evives ;roposals 'ro- @liver .orth. .ew 9-erican $edia: 'ebr" /6% /116: [/1] <ewis 4eiler and >an ?a-b"rg% #"le b, +ear or r"le b, law? 6he 4an 'rancisco (hronicle: 'ebr"ar, 4% /117:"thoriAation3act [//] ;eter >ale 4cott% ?o-eland 4ec"rit, (ontracts +or :ast .ew >etention (a-ps. Hlobal #esearch: 'ebr"ar, 6% /116: [/0] (ind, 4"therland% *tal, (it, (o"ncil hears proposal +or co--ercial develop-ent. *tal, .eotrib"ne: $a, 17% /111: http://www.ital,neotrib",3cit,3co"ncil3hears3proposal3+or3co--ercial3develop-ent [/4] 6hel-a Hri-es% (o"ncil &na,& on detention centerI (it, wants proFect +"nding ass"rance. Eenson .ews: $a, 11% /111: http://www.bensonnews3s" [/5] 'orrest 5ilder% 'or the <"cios% ;rivate ;rison (ons"lting is a 'a-il, 9++air. 6exas @bserver: 9pril /0% /111:"cios3private3prison3cons"lting3is3a3+a-il,3a++air [/6] 9ngela EalaCrishnan% *$' chie+ iss"es starC warning on econo-ic crisis. 6he H"ardian: >ece-ber 17% /117: http://www.g""C/b"siness//117/dec/16/i-+3+inancial3crisis [/7] $ilitar,.co-% 4t"d,: >o> $a, 9ct @n =4 (ivil =nrest. $c(latch,36rib"ne *n+or-ation 4ervices: >ece-ber /2% /117: http://www.-ilitar,.co-/news/article/st"d,3dod3-a,3act3on3"s3civil3" [/7] 4tephen (. 5ebster% =4 intel chie+: )cono-ic crisis a greater threat than terroris-. #aw 4tor,: 'ebr"ar, 10% /112: http://rawstor,.co-/news//117/=48intel8chie+8)cono-ic8crisis8greater81/

[/2] 6o- ;hilpott% $*<*69#G =;>96): @++icial: 'inancial crisis a bigger sec"rit, risC than wars. (olorado 4prings HaAette: 'ebr"ar, 1% /112"llen347/703-ilitar, [01] 9';% 56@ chie+ warns o+ loo-ing political "nrest. 9';: 'ebr"ar, 7% /112:<eJ$5gp(1K4gL!+p6)w$l1r$Hr-98a7M9 [01] ?eather 4co++ield% &6here will be blood&. 6he Hlobe and $ail: 'ebr"ar, /0% /112: b"siness/article270775.ece [0/] EE(% 5orld EanC warns o+ social "nrest. EE( .ews: $a, /4% /112:"C///hi/b"siness/

[00] ;ress 6:% )cono-ic (risis: ErAeAinsCi warns o+ riots in =4. Hlobal #esearch: 'ebr"ar, /1% /112: context=va&aid=1/02/ [04] 9-brose )vans3;ritchard% $ood,&s +ears social "nrest as 999 states i-ple-ent a"sterit, plans. 6he 6elegraph: $arch 15% /111:"C/+inance/econo-ics/7451467/$ood,s3+ears3social3"nrest3as39993states3i-ple-ent3a"sterit, [05] >(>(% 6he >(>( Hlobal 4trategic 6rends ;rogra--e% /1173/106% 0rd ed. 6he $inistr, o+ >e+ence% !an"ar, /117: page 0

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[07] 9ndrew Havin $arshall% 5ar% #acis- and the )-pire o+ ;overt,. Hlobal #esearch: $arch //% /111: [07] *bid. [02] *bid.

[41] >r. !avier 4olana% N4ec"ring ;eace in )"ropeN% .96@ speech: .ove-ber 1/% 1227:"/speech/1227/s27111/ [41] *bid. [4/] Mbigniew ErAeAinsCi% O$aFor 'oreign ;olic, (hallenges +or the .ext =4 ;resident%P *nternational 9++airs% 75: 1% Q/112R% page 54

Part 3
.ew )"genics and the #ise o+ the Hlobal 4cienti+ic >ictatorship
July 5, 2010

5e are in the -idst o+ the -ost explosive develop-ent in all o+ h"-an histor,.

?"-anit, is experiencing a si-"ltaneo"sl, opposing and con+licting geopolitical transition% the liCes o+ which has never be+ore been anticipated o experienced. ?istoricall,% the stor, o+ h"-anit, has been the str"ggle between the +ree3thinCing individ"al and str"ct"res o+ power controlled b, e seeC to do-inate land% reso"rces and people. 6he greatest threat to elites at an, ti-e 3 historicall, and presentl, 3 is an awakened% critically thinking and politically stimulated populace

6his threat has -ani+ested itsel+ thro"gho"t histor,% in di++erent places and at di++erent ti-es. *deas o+ +reedo-% de-ocrac,% civil and h"-an rights and eJ"alit, have e-erged in reaction and opposition to power str"ct"res and elite s,ste-s o+ control.

6he greatest tri"-phs o+ the h"-an -ind 3 whether in art% science or tho"ght 3 have arisen o"t o+ and challenged great s,ste-s o+ power and co

6he greatest o+ h"-an -iser, and traged, has arisen o"t o+ the power str"ct"res and s,ste-s that elites alwa,s seeC to constr"ct and -anage. genocide% persec"tion and h"-an degradation are directl, the res"lt o+ decisions -ade b, those who control the apparat"s o+ power% whether th -ani+ests itsel+ as intellect"al% ecclesiastical% spirit"al% -ilitaristic% or scienti+ic. 6he -ost -alevolent and r"thless power is that over the +ree h"-an -ind: i+ one controls how one thinCs% the, control the individ"al itsel+.

6he greatest h"-an achieve-ents are where individ"als have broCen +ree the shacCles that bind the -ind and let loose the inherent and "ndenia power that lies in each and ever, individ"al on this s-all little planet.

("rrentl,% o"r world is at the greatest crossroads o"r species has ever experienced. 5e are in the -idst o+ the +irst tr"l, global political awaCenin which +or the +irst ti-e in all o+ h"-an histor,% all o+ -anCind is politicall, awaCened and stirringI in which whether inadvertentl, or intentionall,% pe thinCing and acting in political ter-s.

6his awaCening is -ost evident in the developing world% having been -ade thro"gh personal experience to be ac"tel, aware o+ the great disparit disrespect% and do-ination inherent in global power str"ct"res. 6he awaCening is spreading increasingl, to the west itsel+% as the -aForit, o+ the p living in the western developed nations are thrown into povert, and degradation.

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6he awaCening will be +orced "pon all people all over the world. .othing% no develop-ent% ever in h"-an histor,% has posed s"ch a -on"-ental elite power str"ct"res.

6his awaCening is largel, driven b, the 6echnological #evol"tion% which thro"gh technolog, and electronics% in partic"lar -ass -edia and the *nt have -ade it so that people across the world are able to beco-e aware o+ global iss"es and gain access to in+or-ation +ro- aro"nd the world. 6he Technological Revolution% th"s% has +ostered an Information Revolution which has% in t"rn% +ed the global political awaCening.

4i-"ltaneo"sl,% the 6echnological #evol"tion has led to another "niJ"e and "nprecedented develop-ent in h"-an histor,% and one that is diaopposed% ,et directl, related to the global political awaCening.

'or the +irst ti-e in h"-an histor,% +ree h"-anit, is +aced with the do-inating threat o+ a tr"l, global elite% who have at their hands the technolog, i-pose a tr"l, global s,ste- o+ control: a global scienti+ic dictatorship. 6he great danger is that thro"gh the exponential growth in scienti+ic techni elites will "se these great new powers to control and do-inate all o+ h"-anit, in s"ch a wa, that has never be+ore been experienced.

6hro"gh all o+ h"-an histor,% t,rants have "sed coercive +orce and terror to control pop"lations. 5ith the 6echnological #evol"tion% elites increas have the abilit, to control the ver, biolog, and ps,cholog, o+ the individ"al to a point where it -a, not be necessar, to i-pose a s,ste- o+ terror rather where the control is i-ple-ented on a -"ch deeper% ps,chological% s"bli-inal and individ"al biological -anner.

5hile terror can prevent people +ro- opposing power +or a while% the scienti+ic dictatorship can create a personal ps,cho3social condition in whic individ"al co-es to love his or her own slaver,I in which% liCe a -entall, in+erior pet% the, are -ade to love their leaders and accept their servit"d

4o we are presented with a sit"ation in which h"-anit, is +aced with both the greatest threat and the greatest hope that we have ever collectivel, experienced in o"r short h"-an histor,.

6his essa,% the third part in the series% O6he 6echnological #evol"tion and the '"t"re o+ 'reedo-%P exa-ines the ideas behind the global scienti+i dictatorship% and how it -a, -ani+est itsel+ presentl, and in the +"t"re% with a partic"lar +oc"s on the e-ergence o+ Snew e"genicsB as a s,ste- o+ control. 'ree h"-anit, +aces the -ost -on"-ental decision we have ever been presented with:

do we +eed and +"el the global political awaCening into a tr"e h"-an ps,cho3social revol"tion o+ the -ind% creating a new global politica
econo-, which e-powers and liberates all o+ h"-anit,% whose do-inance wo"ld never be -ore di++ic"lt to challenge and overco-e?

or... do we +all silentl, into a Sbrave new worldB o+ a global scienti+ic oppression% the liCes o+ which have never be+ore been experienced%

5e can either +ind a tr"e +reedo-% or descend into a deep despotis-. 5e are not powerless be+ore this great ideational beast. 5e have% at o"r v +ingertips the abilit, to "se technolog, to o"r bene+it and to re3shape the world so that it bene+its the people o+ the world and not si-pl, the powe *t -"st be +reedo- +or all or +reedo- +or none.

What is the Scientific Dictatorship?

*n 120/% Aldous Huxley wrote his d,stopian novel% OErave .ew 5orld%P in which he looCed at the e-ergence o+ the scienti+ic dictatorships o+ the

*n his 1257 essa,% OErave .ew 5orld #evisited%P ?"xle, exa-ined how +ar the world had co-e in that short period since his booC was p"blished where the world was heading. ?"xle, wrote that:

*n politics the eJ"ivalent o+ a +"ll, developed scienti+ic theor, or philosophical s,ste- is a totalitarian dictatorship. *n econo-ics% the eJ"ivale a bea"ti+"ll, co-posed worC o+ art is the s-oothl, r"nning +actor, in which the worCers are per+ectl, adF"sted to the -achines. 6he 5ill to @ can -aCe t,rants o"t o+ those who -erel, aspire to clear "p a -ess. 6he bea"t, o+ tidiness is "sed as a F"sti+ication +or despotis-. ?"xle, explained that%

O6he +"t"re dictatorBs s"bFects will be painlessl, regi-ented b, a corps o+ highl, trained social engineers%P and he J"otes one Oadvocate o+ th new scienceP as sa,ing that% O6he challenge o+ social engineering in o"r ti-e is liCe the challenge o+ technical engineering +i+t, ,ears ago. *+ +irst hal+ o+ the twentieth cent"r, was the era o+ technical engineers% the second hal+ -a, well be the era o+ social engineers.P 6h"s% proclai-s ?"xle,% O6he twent,3+irst cent"r,% * s"ppose% will be the era o+ 5orld (ontrollers% the scienti+ic caste s,ste- and Erave .ew 5orld.P[/] *n 125/% Bertrand Russell% a Eritish philosopher% historian% -athe-atician% and social critic wrote the booC% O6he *-pact o+ 4cience on 4ociet, he warned and exa-ined how science% and the technological revol"tion% was changing and wo"ld co-e to change societ,. *n his booC% #"ssell explained that: * thinC the s"bFect which will be o+ -ost i-portance politicall, is -ass ps,cholog,. $ass ps,cholog, is% scienti+icall, speaCing% not a ver, advanced st"d,... 6his st"d, is i--ensel, "se+"l to practical -en% whether the, wish to beco-e rich or to acJ"ire the govern-ent. *t is% o+

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course, as a science, founded upon individual psychology, but hitherto it has employed rule-of-thumb methods which were based upon a kin intuitive common sense. Its importance has been enormously increased by the growth of modern methods of propaganda.

Of these the most influential is what is called education. Religion plays a part, though a diminishing one the !ress, the cinema and the rad play an increasing part.

"hat is essential in mass psychology is the art of persuasion. If you compare a speech of #itlers with a speech of $say% &dmund 'urke, you see what strides have been made in the art since the eighteenth century. "hat went wrong formerly was that people had read in books that is a rational animal, and framed their arguments on this hypothesis.

"e now know that limelight and a brass band do more to persuade than can be done by the most elegant train of syllogisms. It may be hope that in time anybody will be able to persuade anybody of anything if he can catch the patient young and is provided by the (tate with money e)uipment. *his sub+ect will make great strides when it is taken up by scientists under a scientific dictatorship.,-. Russell went on to analy/e the )uestion of whether a scientific dictatorship is more stable than a democracy, on which he postulated0

1part from the danger of war, I see no reason why such a regime should be unstable. 1fter all, most civili/ed and semi-civili/ed countries kn to history have had a large class of slaves or serfs completely subordinate to their owners. *here is nothing in human nature that makes the persistence of such a system impossible.

1nd the whole development of scientific techni)ue has made it easier than it used to be to maintain a despotic rule of a minority. "hen the government controls the distribution of food, its power is absolute so long as it can count on the police and the armed forces. 1nd their loyal can be secured by giving them some of the privileges of the governing class. I do not see how any internal movement of revolt can ever bring freedom to the oppressed in a modern scientific dictatorship.

2rawing on the concept populari/ed by 1ldous #u3ley - of people loving their servitude - 'ertrand Russell e3plained that under a scientific dictato

It is to be e3pected that advances in physiology and psychology will give governments much more control over individual mentality than they have even in totalitarian countries. 4ichte laid it down that education should aim at destroying free will, so that, after pupils have left school, shall be incapable, throughout the rest of their lives, of thinking or acting otherwise than as their schoolmasters would have wished...

2iet, in+ections, and in+unctions will combine, from a very early age, to produce the sort of character and the sort of beliefs that the authoritie consider desirable, and any serious criticism of the powers that be will become psychologically impossible. &ven if all are miserable, all will believe themselves happy, because the government will tell them that they are so.,5. Russell e3plained that, 6*he completeness of the resulting control over opinion depends in various ways upon scientific techni)ue. "here all children go to school, all schools are controlled by the government, the authorities can close the minds of the young to everything contrary to official orthodo3y.7 Russell later proclaimed in his book that, 6a scientific world society cannot be stable unless there is a world government.7,8. #e elaborated0

9nless there is a world government which secures universal birth control, there must be from time to time great wars, in which the penalty o defeat is widespread death by starvation. *hat is e3actly the present state of the world, and some may hold that there is no reason why it sh not continue for centuries. I do not myself believe that this is possible.

*he two great wars that we have e3perienced have lowered the level of civili/ation in many parts of the world, and the ne3t is pretty sure to achieve much more in this direction. 9nless, at some stage, one power or group of powers emerges victorious and proceeds to establish a s government of the world with a monopoly of armed force, it is clear that the level of civili/ation must continually decline until scientific warfare becomes impossible - that is until science is e3tinct.,:. Russell e3plains that eugenics plays a central feature in the construction of any world government scientific dictatorship, stating that,

6;radually, by selective breeding, the congenital differences between rulers and ruled will increase until they become almost different specie revolt of the plebs would become as unthinkable as an organi/ed insurrection of sheep against the practice of eating mutton.7

In a <=>? speech at 9@ 'erkeley, 1ldous #u3ley spoke about the real world becoming the 'rave Aew "orld nightmare he envisaged. #u3ley s primarily of the 9ltimate Revolution that focuses on behavioural controls of people. #u3ley said of the 9ltimate Revolution0

In the past, we can say, that all revolutions have essentially aimed at changing the environment in order to change the individual. *heres be the political revolution, the economic revolution... the religious revolution. 1ll these aimed as I say not directly at the human being but at his surroundings, so by modifying his surroundings you did achieve - at one remove - an effect upon the human being.

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Today, we are faced, I think, with the approach of what may be called the Ultimate Revolution - the Final Revolution - where man can act directly on the mind-body of his fellows !ell needless to say some kind of direct action on human mind-bodies has been "oin" on since the be"innin" of time, but this has "enerally been of a violent nature

The techni#ues of terrorism have been known from time immemorial, and people have employed them with more-or-less in"enuity, sometim with utmost crudity, sometimes with a "ood deal of skill ac#uired with a process of trial and error - findin" out what the best ways of usin" to imprisonments, constraints of various kinds

If you are "oin" to control any population for any len"th of time, you must have some measure of consent Its e$ceedin"ly difficult to see ho pure terrorism can function indefinitely, it can function for a fairly lon" time% but sooner or later you have to brin" in an element of persuasion element of "ettin" people to consent to what is happenin" to them

!ell it seems to me the nature of the Ultimate Revolution with which we are now faced is precisely this& that we are in process of developin" whole series of techni#ues, which will enable the controllin" oli"archy - who have always e$isted and will presumably always e$ist - to "et pe to love their servitude This is the ultimate in malevolent revolution

There seems to be a "eneral movement in the direction of this kind of Ultimate 'ontrol, this method of control, by which people can be made en(oy a state of affairs by which any decent standard they ou"ht not to en(oy% the en(oyment of servitude

I am inclined to think that the scientific dictatorships of the future - and I think there are "oin" to be scientific dictatorships in many parts of th world - will be probably a "ood deal nearer to the )rave *ew !orld pattern than to the +,-. pattern They will be a "ood deal nearer, not because of any humanitarian #ualms in the scientific dictators, but simply because the brave new world pattern is probably a "ood deal mo efficient than the other

That if you can "et people to consent to the state of affairs in which they are livin" - the state of servitude - if you can do this, then you are lik to have a much more stable, a much more lastin" society% much more easily controllable society than you would if you were relyin" wholly o clubs, and firin" s#uads and concentration camps /+01

In +,2+, 3resident Eisenhower delivered his farewell address to the nation in which he warned of the dan"ers to democracy posed by the militar industrial comple$& the interconnected web of industry, the military, and politics creatin" the conditions for constant war In that same speech, 4isenhower warned 5merica and the world of another important chan"e in society&

Today, the solitary inventor, tinkerin" in his shop, has been overshadowed by task forces of scientists in laboratories and testin" fields In th same fashion, the free university, historically the fountainhead of free ideas and scientific discovery, has e$perienced a revolution in the con of research 3artly because of the hu"e costs involved, a "overnment contract becomes virtually a substitute for intellectual curiosity For every old blackboard there are now hundreds of new electronic computers

The prospect of domination of the nation6s scholars by Federal employment, pro(ect allocations, and the power of money is ever present - an "ravely to be re"arded

7et, in holdin" scientific research and discovery in respect, as we should, we must also be alert to the e#ual and opposite dan"er that public policy could itself become the captive of a scientific-technolo"ical elite /++1

In +,80, Zbigniew Brzezinski wrote about 9the "radual appearance of a more controlled and directed society,: in the 9technetronic revolution:% e

;uch a society would be dominated by an elite whose claim to political power would rest on alle"edly superior scientific know-how Unhinde by the restraints of traditional liberal values, this elite would not hesitate to achieve its political ends by usin" the latest modern techni#ues fo influencin" public behavior and keepin" society under close surveillance and control Under such circumstances, the scientific and technolo"ical momentum of the country would not be reversed but would actually feed on the situation it e$ploits /+<1

New Eugenics

=any sciences and lar"e social movements are directed by the same foundations and money that financed the eu"enics movement in the early < century

The Rockefeller foundations, Ford, 'arne"ie, =ellon, >arriman, and =or"an money that flowed into eu"enics led directly to scientific racism, an ultimately the >olocaust in !orld !ar II /+?1

Followin" the >olocaust, >itler had discredited the eu"enics movement he admired so much in 5merica ;o the movement branched off into form several other social en"ineerin" pro(ects&

population control "enetics environmentalism

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The same foundations that laid the foundations for eugenic ideology - the belief in a biological superiority and right to rule (justifying their power) the foundations for these and other new social and scientific movements.

Major environmental and conservation organizations were founded with Roc efeller and !ord !oundation money"#$%& which then continued to be c sources of funding to this day' while the (orld (ildlife !und (((!) was founded in $)*$ by +ir ,ulian -u.ley" /ldous -u.ley0s brother" who was 1resident of the 2ritish 3ugenics +ociety. 1rince Bernhard of the 4etherlands became the organization0s first president.

1rince 2ernhard also happened to be one of the founders of the elite global thin tan " the 2ilderberg 5roup" which he co-founded in $)6%' and h previous to that" a member of the 4azi 1arty and an ++ officer.#$6& +ir ,ulian -u.ley also happened to be the first 7irector-5eneral of the Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (843+9:). ;n $)%*" -u.ley wrote a paper titled" <843+9:= ;t0s 1urpose and its 1hilosophy.> ;n it" he wrote that the general focus of 843+9:=

is to help the emergence of a single world culture" with its own philosophy and bac ground of ideas" and with its own broad purpose. This is opportune" since this is the first time in history that the scaffolding and the mechanisms for world unification have become available" and als first time that man has had the means (in the shape of scientific discovery and its applications) of laying a world-wide foundation for the mini physical welfare of the entire human species...#$*&

/t the moment" it is probable that the indirect effect of civilization is dysgenic instead of eugenic' and in any case it seems li ely that the dea weight of genetic stupidity" physical wea ness" mental instability" and disease-proneness" which already in the human species" will pro too great a burden for real progress to be achieved.

Thus even though it is ?uite true that any radical eugenic policy will be for many years politically and psychologically impossible" it will be important for 8nesco to see that the eugenic problem is e.amined with the greatest care" and that the public mind is informed of the issues a sta e so that much that now is unthin able may at least become thin able...#$@& +till another and ?uite different type of borderline subject is that of eugenics. ;t has been on the borderline between the scientific and the unscientific" constantly in danger of becoming a pseudo- science based on preconceived political ideas or on assumptions of racial or class superiority and inferiority.

;t is" however" essential that eugenics should be brought entirely within the borders of science" for" as already indicated" in the not very remo future the problem of improving the average ?uality of human beings is li ely to become urgent' and this can only be accomplished by apply the findings of a truly scientific eugenics...#$A&

;t is worth pointing out that the applications of science at once bring us up against social problems of various sorts. +ome of these are direct obvious. Thus the application of genetics in eugenics immediately raises the ?uestion of values- what ?ualities should we desire to encourag the human beings of the futureB#$)& :n page * of the 843+9: document" +ir ,ulian -u.ley wrote that"

<in order to carry out its wor " an organization such as 8nesco needs not only a set of general aims and objects for itself" but also a wor ing philosophy" a wor ing hypothesis concerning human e.istence and its aims and objects" which will dictate" or at least indicate" a definite line approach to its problems.>#CD&

(hile much of the language of e?uality and education sounds good and benevolent" it is based upon a particular view of humanity as an irrationa emotionally driven organism which needs to be controlled. Thus" the Eprinciple of e?uality0 becomes <The !act of ;ne?uality>=

!inally we come to a difficult problem-that of discovering how we can reconcile our principle of human e?uality with the biological fact of hum ine?uality... The democratic principle of e?uality" which is also 8nesco0s" is a principle of e?uality of opportunity-that human beings should b e?ual before the law" should have e?ual opportunities for education" for ma ing a living" for freedom of e.pression and movement and thoug The biological absence of e?uality" on the other hand" concerns the natural endowments of man and the fact of genetic difference in regard them.

There are instances of biological ine?uality which are so gross that they cannot be reconciled at all with the principle of e?ual opportunity. Th low-grade mental defectives cannot be offered e?uality of educational opportunity" nor are the insane e?ual with the sane before the law or i respect of most freedoms.

-owever" the full implications of the fact of human ine?uality have not often been drawn and certainly need to be brought out here" as they a very relevant to 8nesco0s tas .#C$&

Many of these <genetic ine?ualities> revolve around the idea of intellectual superiority= the idea that there is no e?uality among the intellectually in superior.

That ine?uality is derived from human biology - from genetics' it is a <human fact.> ;t just so happens that elites who propagate this ideology" also to view the masses as intellectually inferior' thus" there can be no social e?uality in a world with a technological intellectual elite.

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So eugenics must be employed, as the UENSCO paper explains, to address the issues of raising human welfare to a manageable level; that the come where elites will need to address the whole of humanity as a single force, and with a single voice Eugenics is about the social organi!ation control of humanity Ultimately, eugenics is about the engineering of ine"uality #n genetics, elites found a way to ta$e discrimination down to the %N&

Genetics as Eugenics
&ward'winning author and researcher, Edwin Black, wrote an authoritative history of eugenics in his boo$, ()ar &gainst the )ea$ that,

(the incremental effort to transform eugenics into human genetics forged an entire worldwide infrastructure,* with the founding of the #nstitute +uman ,enetics in Copenhagen in -./0, led by 1age 2emp, a 3oc$efeller 4oundation eugenicist, and was financed with money from the 3oc$efeller 4oundation 5667

)hile not abandoning the eugenics goals, the new re'branded eugenics movement (claimed to be eradicating poverty and saving the environme

#n a 688- issue of Science Magazine, Garland Allen, a scientific historian, wrote about genetics as a modern form of eugenics +e began by citi article in 1ime 9aga!ine which proclaimed that, (:ersonality, temperament, even life choices New studies show it;s mostly in your genes * ,arland explains the implications<

Coat'tailing on ma=or advances in genetic biotechnology, these articles portray genetics as the new >magic bullet> of biomedical science tha solve many of our recurrent social problems 1he implication is that these problems are largely a result of the defective biology of individuals even racial or ethnic groups

#f aggressive or violent behavior is in the genes, so the argument goes, then the solution lies in biomedical intervention ' gene therapy in the distant future and pharmacotherapy ?replacing the products of defective genes with drug substitutes@ in the immediate future Ay promoting such claims, are we heading toward a new version of eugenicsB &re we getting carried away with the false promise of a technological fix for problems that really lie in the structure of our societyB

9y answer to these "uestions is >yes,> but with some important "ualifications that derive from the different historical and social contexts of th early -.88s and the present

1he term eugenics was coined in -00/ by the Cictorian polymath 4rancis ,alton, geographer, statistician, and first cousin of Charles %arwin meant to him >truly' or well'born,> and referred to a plan to encourage the >best people> in society to have more children ?positive eugenics@ to discourage or prevent the >worst elements> of society from having many, if any, children ?negative eugenics@

Eugenics became solidified into a movement in various countries throughout the world in the first three decades of the 68th century, but now more solidly than in the United States and, after )orld )ar #, in ,ermany 56D7 )hile genetic traits such as eye color and the li$e were proven to be hereditary, (eugenicists were more interested in the inheritance of social behaviors, intelligence, and personality * 4urther<

&merican eugenicists also strove to disseminate the results of eugenic research to the public and to lawma$ers 1hey supported the idea of positive eugenics 5encouraging the EbestF to become better7, but focused most of their energies on negative eugenics 5to encourage the Ewor become fewer7

Eugenicists wrote hundreds of articles for popular maga!ines, published do!ens of boo$s for the general ?and some for the scientific@ reader prepared exhibits for schools and state fairs, made films, and wrote sermons and novels 56G7

&merican eugenicists, fully bac$ed by the financial support of the ma=or &merican philanthropic fortunes, passed eugenics legislation in over 6H s across the United States, often in the form of forced sterili!ations for the mentally EinferiorF, so that, (Ay the -.I8s, when most of these laws were beginning to be repealed, more than I8,888 people had been sterili!ed for eugenic purposes &s ,arland &llen wrote<

4or the wealthy benefactors that supported eugenics, such as the Carnegie, 3oc$efeller, +arriman, and 2ellogg philanthropies, eugenics provided a means of social control in a period of unprecedented upheaval and violence #t was these same economic elites and their busine interests who introduced scientific management and organi!ational control into the industrial sector

5#n -..D7 we saw the resurrection of claims that there are genetic differences in intelligence between races, leading to different socio'econom status Claims about the genetic basis for criminality, manic depression, ris$'ta$ing, alcoholism, homosexuality, and a host of other behavior

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have also been rampant in scientific and especially popular literature. Much of the evidence for such claims is as controversial today as in th past.

We seem to be increasingly unwilling to accept what we view as imperfection in ourselves and others. As health care costs skyrocket, we ar coming to accept a bottom-line, cost-benefit analysis of human life. This mind-set has serious implications for reproductive decisions. If a he maintenance organi ation !"M#$ re%uires in utero screening, and refuses to cover the birth or care of a purportedly &defective& child, how cl is this to eugenics'

If gene or drug therapy is substituted for improving our workplace or school environments, our diets and our e(ercise practices, how close is to eugenics' )ignificant social changes are e(pensive, however. If eugenics means making reproductive decisions primarily on the basis of social cost, then we are well on that road.*+,.enetics unleash an unprecedented power into human hands/ the power of unnatural creation and the manipulation of biology.

We do not yet fully understand nor comprehend the implications of genetic manipulation in our food, plants, animals, and in humans, themselves clear is that we are changing the very biology of our environment and ourselves in it. While there are many clear and obvious benefits to genetic technology, such as the ability to enhance ailing senses !sight, hearing, etc.$ and cure diseases, the positive must be e(amined and discussed w negative repercussions of genetic manipulation so as to better direct the uses of this powerful technology.

0ebates on issues such as stem-cell research and genetic manipulation often focus on a science versus religion aspect, where science seeks to benevolently cure mankind of its ailments and religion seeks to preserve the sanctity of 1creation2.

This is an irrational and narrow manner to conduct a real debate on this monumental issue, painting the issue as black and white, which it most c not. )cience can be used for good as well as bad, and human history, most especially that of the +3th century, is nothing if not evidence for that f Incredible scientific ingenuity went into the creation of great weapons4 the manipulation of the atom to kill millions in an instant, or the manufactur biological and chemical weapons.

The problem with the interaction of science and power is that with such great power comes the temptation to use and abuse it. If the ability to cre weapon like an atom bomb seems possible, most certainly there are those who seek to make it probable. Where there is temptation, there is hum weakness.

)o while genetics can be used for benevolent purposes and for the betterment of humankind, so too can it be used to effectively create a biologic system, where in time it would be feasible to see a break in the human race, where as human advancement technologies become increasingly a their use is reserved to the elite so that there comes a time where there is a biological separation in the human species. Oliver Curry, an evolutionary theorist from the 5ondon )chool of 6conomics predicted that,

7the human race will have reached its physical peak by the year 83339 and that, 7The human race will one day split into two separate specie attractive, intelligent ruling elite and an underclass of dim-witted, ugly goblin-like creatures.9*+:)uch was the plot of "... Wells2 classic book, 7The Time Machine,9 who was himself, a prominent eugenicist at the turn of the +3th would be a long time from now, its potential results from the decisions we make today.

Population Control as Eugenics

;ot only was the field of genetics born of eugenics, and heavily financed by the same monied-interests that seek social control4 but so too was th population control.

In environmental literature and rhetoric, one concept that has emerged over the years as playing a significant part is that of population control. <o is seen as an environmental issue because the larger the population, the more resources it consumes and land it occupies. In this concept, the m people there are the worse the environment becomes.

Thus, programs aimed at controlling population growth are often framed in an environmentalist lens. There is also a distinctly radical element in t which views population growth not simply as an environmental concern, but which frames people, in general, as a virus that must be eradicated i is to survive.

"owever, in the view of elites, population control is more about controlling the people than saving the environment. 6lites have always been draw population studies that have, in many areas, helped construct their worldview. =oncerns about population growth really took hold with the end of the >?th century. In >:@?, Malthus wrote a 7theory on the nature of poverty,9 and he,

7called for population control by moral restraint,9 citing charity as a promotion of 7generation-to-generation poverty and simply made no sens the natural scheme of human progress.9 Thus, the idea of 1charity2 became immoral. The eugenics movement attached itself to Malthus2 theory regarding the 7reAection of the value of helping the poor.9*+?-

The ideas of Malthus, and later "erbert )pencer and =harles 0arwin were remolded into branding an elite ideology of 7)ocial 0arwinism9, which

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the notion that in the struggle to survive in a harsh world, many humans were not only less worthy, many were actually destined to wither aw as a rite of progress. To preserve the weak and the needy was, in essence, an unnatural act.[29] This theory simply ustified the immense wealth, power and domination of a small elite over the rest of humanity, as that elite saw themselves as truly intelligent !eings worthy of holding such power and privilege.

Francis Galton later coined the term eugenics to descri!e this emerging field. "is followers !elieved that the #genetically unfit$ would have to ! away, using tactics such as, segregation, deportation, castration, marriage prohi!ition, compulsory sterili%ation, passive euthanasia & and ultima e'termination.[()]

The actual science of eugenics was lacking e'tensive evidence, and ultimately *alton hoped to recast eugenics as a religious doctrine, which w taken on faith without proof.[(+] ,s the -uest to re&!rand eugenics was under way, a +9.( edition of /ugenical 0ews pu!lished an article titled /ugenics ,fter the 1ar, which Charles Davenport, a ma or founder and progenitor of eugenics, in his vision of, a new mankind of !iological castes with master races in control and slave races serving them.[(2] , +9.2 article in /ugenical 0ews stated that,

3opulation, genetics, [and] psychology, are the three sciences to which the eugenicist must look for the factual material on which to !uild an accepta!le philosophy of eugenics and to develop and defend practical eugenics proposals.[((]

4n the post&war period, emerging in the +95)s and going into the +92)s, the /uropean colonies were retracting as nations of the #Third 1orld$ we political independence. This reinforced support for population control in many circles, as,

6or those who !enefited most from the glo!al status -uo, population control measures were a far more palata!le alternative to ending Third 1orld poverty or promoting genuine economic development.[(.] 4n +952,

7ohn 8. 9ockefeller (rd convened a group of scientists to discuss the implications of the dramatic demographic change. They met in 1illiams!urg, :irginia, under the auspices of the 0ational ,cademy of ;ciences, and after two and a half days agreed on the need for a new institution that could provide solid science to guide governments and individuals in addressing population -uestions.[(5] That new institution was to !ecome the 3opulation <ouncil. ;i' of the <ouncil$s ten founding mem!ers were eugenicists.[(2] ,ccording to the 3opulation <ouncil$s we!site, it,

did not itself espouse any form of population policy. 4nstead, through grants to individuals and institutions, it invested in strengthening the indigenous capacity of countries and regions to conduct population research and to develop their own policies. The <ouncil also funded sem work in =.;. universities and further developed its own in&house research e'pertise in !iomedicine, pu!lic health, and social science.

4n 2))>, Matthew Connelly, a professor at <olum!ia =niversity, wrote a !ook called, 6atal ?isconception@ The ;truggle to <ontrol 1orld 3opul which he critically analy%es the history of the population control movement. "e documents the rise of the field through the eugenics movement@ 4n +92A a 9ockefeller&funded study of contraception sought, Bsome simple measure which will !e availa!le for the wife of the slum&dweller, the peasant, or the coolie, though dull of mind.B

4n +9(5 one representative told 4ndiaCs <ouncil of ;tate that population control was a necessity for the masses, adding that Bit is not what they wa what is good for them.B

The pro!lem with the natives was that Bthey are !orn too much and they donCt die enough,B a pu!lic&health official in 6rench 4ndochina stated in + <onnelly$s general thesis was, how some people have long tried to redesign world population !y reducing the fertility of other$s. 6urther@

<onnelly e'amines population control as a glo!al transnational movement !ecause its main advocates and practitioners aimed to reduce wo population through glo!al governance and often viewed national governments as a means to this end. 6atal ?isconceptions is therefore an intricate account of networks of influential individuals, international organi%ations, 0*Ds, and national governments.[(9] ,s one review in the /conomist pointed out,

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Much of the evil done in the name of slowing population growth had its roots in an uneasy coalition between feminists, humanitarians and environmentalists, who wished to help the unwillingly fecund, and the racists, eugenicists and militarists who wished to see particular pattern reproduction, regardless of the desires of those involved. The Economist further wrote: As the world population soared, the population controllers came to believe they were fighting a war, and there would be collateral damage. Millions of intra uterine contraceptive devices were e!ported to poor countries although they were "nown to cause infections and sterility.

#$erhaps the individual patient is e!pendable in the general scheme of things,# said a participant at a conference on the devices organi%ed i &'() by the $opulation *ouncil, a research institute founded by +ohn ,. -oc"efeller, #particularly if the infection she ac.uires is sterili%ing bu lethal.#

/n &'(' -obert Mc0amara, then president of the 1orld 2an", said he was reluctant to finance health care #unless it was very strictly related population control, because usually health facilities contributed to the decline of the death rate, and thereby to the population e!plosion.#

A review in the New York Review of Books pointed out that this movement coincided a great deal with the feminist movement in advancing wome reproductive rights. 4owever,

these benefits were seen by many 56 family planning officials as secondary to the goal of reducing the absolute numbers of people in developing countries. The urgency of what came to be "nown as the #population control movement# contributed to a climate of coercion and to a number of serious human rights abuses, especially in Asian countries.78&9 Dominic Lawson, writing a review of *onnelly3s boo" for The 6unday Times, e!plained that:

the population control movement was ban"rolled by America:s biggest private fortunes the ;ord family foundation, +ohn , -oc"efeller ///, a *larence <amble =of $rocter > <amble?. These gentlemen shared not @ust e!treme wealth but a common an!iety: the well to do and clever =people li"e them, obviously? were now having much smaller families than their ancestors, but the great unwashed *hinamenA /ndiansA 0egroesA were reproducing themselves in an irresponsible manner. 1hat they feared was a "ind of ,arwinism in reverse the survival of t unfittest.78)9 As the 0ew 6cientist reported, while contraceptives and women3s fertility rights were being e!panded, ;or much of the past half century, population control came first and human rights had to be sacrificed. ;urther, the 0ew 6cientist wrote that *onnelly, lays bare the dar" secrets of an authoritarian neo Malthusian ethos that created an international population agenda built around control. Bne such horrific notion was, the official policies that made it acceptable to hand out food aid to famine victims only if the women agreed to be sterili%ed.78C9

/n a sad irony, this seemingly progressive movement for women3s rights actually had the effect of resulting in a humanitarian disaster, disproporti affecting women of the developing world. /n &'(D, biologist Paul Ehrlich wrote his widely influential boo", EThe $opulation 2omb,3 in which he predicted that global overpopulation would cause massive famines as early as the &'FGs.7889 /n his boo", he refers to man"ind as a cancer upon the world:

A cancer is an uncontrolled multiplication of cellsH the population e!plosion is an uncontrolled multiplication of people. Treating only the symptom cancer may ma"e the victim more comfortable at first, but eventually he dies often horribly. A similar fate awaits a world with a population e!plo only the symptoms are treated. 1e must shift our efforts from treatment of the symptoms to the cutting out of the cancer. The operation will demand many apparent brutal and heartless decisions. The pain may be intense. 2ut the disease is so far advanced that only radical surgery does the patient have a chance to survive.78I9 The American political elite fully embraced this population paradigm of viewing the world and relations with the rest of the world. $resident Lyndon Johnson was .uoted as saying,

/3m not going to piss away foreign aid in nations where they refuse to deal with their own population problems, while his successor, -ichard 0i!on, was .uoted as saying, population control is a must... population control must go hand in hand with aid.78(9

Robert McNamara, $resident of the 1orld 2an" and former 6ecretary of ,efense in the +ohnson administration, said that he opposed 1orld 2a programs financing health care,

unless it was very strictly related to population control, because usually health facilities contributed to the decline of the death rate, and ther to the population e!plosion.78F9

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Ehrlich was also influential in tracking Indias rapid population growth into the 1970s.

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The rapid population growth in India was attributed at the time to the result of the public health system the ritish had set up under the colonial go!ernment" as well as the fact that" as a means to maintaining a relationship of dependence with ritain" the ritish had discouraged industriali# India. $s famine was around the corner in India"

%&resident 'ohnson used food aid to pressure the Indian go!ernment to meet its family planning targets"( and ) y the early 1970s" anglade was spending one third of its entire health budget on family planning and India was spending *0 percent.(+,-. /urther0

+ .etween the 19*0s and 19-0s" millions of people in India and other $sian countries were sterili#ed or had I12s +intrauterine de!ices." as w as other contracepti!es" inserted in unhygienic conditions. 3umerous cases of uterine perforation" e4cessi!e bleeding" infections" and e!en death were reported.+,9.

The &opulation 5ouncil knowingly sent un6sterile I12s to India" and in the 1970s" nearly half a million women in forty6two de!eloping countries w treated with defecti!e I12s that )heightened the risk of infection and uterine perforation"( after the United States Agency for International Develop 718$I29 had ):uietly bought up thousands of the de!ices at a discount for distribution o!erseas.( Then sterili#ation was introduced as a means for )keeping the :uotas( on population control in India" as"

)sterili#ation was made a condition for recei!ing land allocations and water for irrigation" as well as electricity" rickshaw licenses" and medica care.( $ 8wedish diplomat touring a 8wedish;<orld ank population program at the time was :uoted as saying" )=b!iously the stories... on how young and unmarried men are more or less dragged to the sterili#ation premises are true in far too many cases.(+>0. In 19*7" the 13 /und for &opulation $cti!ities was created" and in 1971" )the ?eneral $ssembly acknowledged that 13/&$ +1nited 3ations &opulation /und. should play a leading role within the 13 system in promoting population programs.(+>1.

In 1970" 3i4on created the 5ommission on &opulation ?rowth and the $merican /uture" known as the @ockefeller 5ommission" for its chairman" @ockefeller Ard. In 197B" the final report was deli!ered to 3i4on.

$mong the members of the 5ommission 7besides @ockefeller9 were David E. Bell" Cice &resident of the /ord /oundation" and Bernard Berelso &resident of the &opulation 5ouncil. $mong the conclusions were that"

)&opulation growth is one of the maDor factors affecting the demand for resources and the deterioration of the en!ironment in the 1nited 8tat The further we look into the future" the more important population becomes"( and that" )/rom an en!ironmental and resource point of !iew" t are no ad!antages from further growth.( /urther" the report warned0

The $merican future cannot be isolated from what is happening in the rest of the world. There are serious problems right now in the distribut of resources" income" and wealth" among countries. <orld population growth is going to make these problems worse before they get better. 1nited 8tates needs to undertake much greater efforts to understand these problems and de!elop international policies to deal with them. In 197," 3ational 8ecurity 8tudy Eemorandum 7388E9 B00 was issued under the direction of 18 3ational 8ecurity $d!iser Henry Kissinger known as )Implications of <orldwide &opulation ?rowth for 1.8. 8ecurity and =!erseas Interests.( $mong the issues laid out in the memorandum was that"

)?rowing populations will ha!e a serious impact on the need for food especially in the poorest" fastest growing F25s +Fesser 2e!eloped 5ountries."( and )The most serious conse:uence for the short and middle term is the possibility of massi!e famines in certain parts of the wo especially the poorest regions.( /urther" )rapid population growth presses on a fragile en!ironment in ways that threaten longer6term food production.( The report plainly stated that" )there is a maDor risk of se!ere damage to world economic" political" and ecological systems and" as these systems begin to fail" to our humanitarian !alues.(+>A.

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The memorandum lays out key policy recommendations for dealing with the crisis of overpopulation. They stated that,

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our aim should be for the world to achieve a replacement level of fertility, (a two-child family on the average), by about the year !!!, and this strategy will re"uire vigorous efforts by interested countries, #.$. agencies and other international bodies to make it effective %and& #.' leadership is essential. They suggested a concentration on specific countries(

)ndia *angladesh +akistan $igeria ,e-ico )ndonesia * the +hilippines Thailand /gypt Turkey /thiopia 0olombia %12&

They recommended the )ntegration of population factors and population programs into country development planning, as well as )ncreased ass for family planning services, information and technology, and 0reating conditions conducive to fertility decline. The memorandum even specifically mentioned that,

3e must take care that our activities should not give the appearance to the 450s %4esser 5eveloped 0ountries& of an industriali.ed country policy directed against the 450s.%11&

/ssentially, $'', !! made population control a key strategy in #' foreign policy, specifically related to aid and development. )n other words, it eugenics as foreign policy. )n 6781, Indira Gandhi, the +rime ,inister of )ndia, declared martial law. 9er son 'an:ay was appointed as the nation;s chief population controller.

'an:ay proceeded to flatten slums and then tell the residents that they could get a new house if they would agree to be sterili.ed. <overnm officials were given sterili.ation "uotas. 3ithin a year, si- million )ndian men and two million women were sterili.ed. =t least ,!!! )ndians d as a result of botched sterili.ation operations.

9owever, the following year there was an election, and )ndira <andhi;s government was thrown out of power, with that issue playing a ma:or fact $e-t, however,

>0hina became the ma:or focus of the population control movement, which offered technical assistance to 0hina?s >one child> policy of 678@ even helping to pay for computers that allowed 0hinese officials to track >birth permits,> the official means by which the government banned families from having more than one child and re"uired the aborting of additional children.%18& Burther( /ven 0hina?s draconian population programs received some support in the 67@!s from the #'-funded )nternational +lanned +arenthood Bederation and the #$ +opulation Bund. *efore 0hina launched its infamous >Cne 0hild +olicy,> concerns were being raised about its >voluntary> family planning program.

)n 67@6, 0hinese and =merican newspapers reported that >vehicles transporting 0antonese women to hospitals for abortions were ?filled wit wailing noises.? 'ome pregnant women were reportedly ?handcuffed, tied with ropes or placed in pig?s baskets.?>

=fter 67@A, coercion became official 0hinese policy. >=ll women with one child were to be inserted with a stainless-steel, tamper-resistant )# all parents with two or more children were to be sterili.ed, and all unauthori.ed pregnancies aborted,> according to the Cne 0hild +olicy.

5uring this time, the )nternational +lanned +arenthood Bederation and the #$ +opulation Bund continued to support 0hina?s nongovernmen Bamily +lanning =ssociation, even though some of its top officials also worked for the government.%1@&

The #$ was not a passive participant in population control measures, as it actively supported these harsh programs, and in many cases, reward governments for their vicious tactics in reducing population growth(

)n 67@A, Din.hong Eian and )ndira <andhi were awarded the first #nited $ations +opulation =ward to recogni.e and reward their accomplishments in limiting the population growth in 0hina and )ndia in the previous decade. 5uring the 678!s, officials in these countries h launched e-tremely ambitious population programs that were supposed to improve the "uality of the population and halt its growth. The measures used were harsh.

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For example, slum clearance resulting in the eradication of whole urban neighborhoods and the widespread sterilization of their inhabitants w an important part of Indias Emergency campaign. In Delhi, hundreds of thousands of people were dri en from their homes in e ents that resulted in numerous clashes, arrests, and deaths, while a total of eight million sterilizations were recorded in India in !"#$.%&"' (orrifically,

)between the !"$*s and !"+*s, millions of people in India and other ,sian countries were sterilized or had I-Ds, as well as other contracep inserted in unhygienic conditions. .umerous cases of uterine perforation, excessi e bleeding, infections, and e en death were reported, but these programs made little effort to treat these conditions, or e en determine their fre/uency, so we don0t 1now precisely how common they were.2%$*' In the late !"+*s, re elations in 3razil unco ered the .445 6** in 3razil since its implementation in !"#& under the Ford 7residency.

,n official go ernment in estigation was launched, and it was disco ered that, )an estimated 889 of all 3razilian women aged between !8 and & been permanently sterilized.2 Further, the programs of sterilization, underta1en by a number of international organizations, were coordinated under the guidance of -4,ID.

,t the -.s !""8 :orld 7opulation ;onference in ;airo, <hird :orld delegates to the conference emphasized the need for de elopment policies opposed to demographic policies= that the focus must be on de elopment, not population. <his was essentially a setbac1 for the radical populatio mo ement= howe er, it wasnt one they couldnt wor1 around. <here was still a great deal of support among :estern elites and co>opted de elop elites for the aims of population control. ,s ;onnelly articulated?

It appealed to the rich and powerful because, with the spread of emancipatory mo ements and the integration of mar1ets, it began to appea easier and more profitable to control populations than to control territory. <hats why opponents were correct in iewing it as another chapter the unfinished history of imperialism.%$6'

It was around this point that the population control mo ement, while continuing on its o erall aims of curbing population growth of <hird :orld na began to further merge itself with the en ironmental mo ement. :hile always wor1ing alongside the en ironmental mo ement, this period saw the emergence of a more integrated approach to policy agendas.

Environmentalism as Eugenics

Michael Barker extensi ely co ered the connection between the @oc1efeller and Ford foundations in funding the en ironmental mo ement in the academic Aournal, ;apitalism .ature 4ocialism.

,s 3ar1er noted, following :orld :ar II, the public became increasingly concerned with the en ironment as the )chemical>industrial complex2 gre astounding rate.%$B' 4ince @oc1efeller interests were hea ily in ol ed in the chemical industry, the rising trend in en ironmental thought and conc /uic1ly be controlled and steered in a direction fa orable to elite interests.

<wo important organizations in shaping the en ironmental mo ement were the ;onser ation Foundation and @esources for the Future, which lar relied upon @oc1efeller and Ford Foundation funding, and both conser ation organizations had interestingly helped to )launch an explicitly pro>co approach to resource conser ation.2%$8'

Laurance Rockefeller ser ed as a trustee of the ;onser ation Foundation, and donated C&*,*** yearly throughout the &*s and $*s. Further, th ;onser ation Foundation was founded by Fairfield Dsborn, whose cousin, Frederick Osborn, became another prominent oice in conser ation. Frederic1 Dsborn was also wor1ing with the @oc1efellers 7opulation ;ouncil and was 7resident of the ,merican Eugenics 4ociety.

In !"&6, the Ford Foundation created the organization Resources for the uture E@FFF, Ethe same year that the @oc1efellers created the 7opulat ;ouncilF, and the original founders were also )Gohn D. @oc1efeller Gr.s chief ad isors on conser ation matters.2

Haurance @oc1efeller Aoined the board of the @FF in !"&+, and the @FF got C&**,*** from the @oc1efeller Foundation in !"#*.%$$' would also go on to create the En ironmental Defense Fund EEDFF, the .atural @esources Defense ;ouncil E.@D;F, and the 4ierra ;lub Hegal D Fund.%$#' McGeorge Bundy, who was 7resident of the Ford Foundation from !"$$ until !"#", once stated that, )e erything the foundation did could be regarded as ma1ing the world safe for capitalism.2%$+' ;ertainly one of the pre>eminent, if not the most prominent en ironmental organizations in the world is the :orld :ildlife Foundation E::FF. <he ::F was founded on 4eptember !!, !"$!, by 4ir Julian Hu ley, the first Director Ieneral of the -. organization, -.E4;D. was also a life trustee of the 3ritish Eugenics 4ociety from !"6&, and its 7resident from !"&">$6.

In the biography of Gulian (uxley on the 3ritish Eugenics 4ocietys website Enow 1nown as the Ialton Institute > a genetics research centerF, it st

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Huxley believed that eugenics would one day be seen as the way forward for the human race, and that, A catastrophic event may be need for evolution to move at an accelerated pace, as the extinction of the dinosaurs gave the mammals their chance to take over the world. It is m the same with ideas whose time has not yet come they must survive periods when they are not generally welcome. !ike the small mammals dinosaur times they must await their opportunity."#$%

In &'(), Rachel Carson, an American marine biologist, published her seminal work, *ilent *pring, which has long been credited with helping lau modern environmental movement.

Her book was largely based around the criticism of pesticides as harmful to the environment and human and animal health. +f particular note, sh as being the starting force for the campaign against ,,-. .arson died in &'(/, but her legacy was set in stone by the emerging environmental m

-he Environmental Defense Fund was founded in &'(# with the specific aim to ban ,,-. *ome of its initial funding came from the 0ord 0oundat

-his also spurred the formation of the Environmental Protection Agency 123A4, an official 5* government agency, in &'#$. In &'#), the 23A ban use of ,,- in the 5nited *tates. *ince this time,

,,- prohibitions have been expanded and enforced by 67+ pressure, coercive treaties, and threats of economic sanctions by foundations nations and international aid agencies."#)%

,,- is widely regarded as a carcinogen, and most have never 8uestioned the banning of ,,- until understanding the effects of ,,- usage bey environmental aspect.

In particular, we need to look at Africa to understand the significant role of DDT and why we need to re9evaluate its potential usage cons of doing so. :e must bring in the human element and balance that out with the environmental element instead of ;ust simply writing off th aspect to the issue. -he World Health Organization 1:H+4 said in )$$$, that,

malaria infected over <$$ million people. It killed nearly ),$$$,$$$ 9 most of them in sub9*aharan Africa. +ver half the victims are children, die at the rate of two per minute or <,$$$ per day, and that, *ince &'#), over =$ million people have died from this dreaded disease. >any weakened by AI,* or dysentery, but actually die of malaria. In )$$) alone, ?$,$$$ 5gandans died from malaria, half of which were children."#<% -he fact is, that@

6o other chemical comes close to ,,- as an affordable, effective way to repel mos8uitoes from homes, exterminate any that land on walls, disorient any that are not killed or repelled, largely eliminating their urge to bite in homes that are treated once or twice a year with tiny amou of this miracle insecticide."#/% Donald Roberts, Professor of Tropical Public Health at the niformed !ervices niversity of Health !ciences, explained that,

,,- is long9acting the alternatives are not, and that, ultimately, when it comes to the issue of poor countries and poor people, ,,- is che the alternatives are not. 2nd of *tory."#=% Richard Tren, President of Africa Fighting "alaria, said that,

In the ($ years since ,,- was first introduced, not a single scientific paper has been able to replicate even one case of actual human harm from its use. At the end of :orld :ar II, ,,- was used on nearly every concentration camp survivor to prevent typhus, and the, widespread use of ,,- in 2urope and the 5nited *tates played vital roles in eradicating malaria and typhus on both continents. 0urther, in &'#', a :orld Health +rganiAation 1:H+4 review of ,,- use could not find, any possible adverse effects of ,,-, and said it was the safest pesticide used for residual spraying and vector control programs.

However, organiAations such as the :H+, 5nited 6ations 2nvironmental 3rogram 156234, the :orld Bank, 7reenpeace, :orld :ildlife 0und, a variety of others still remained adamantly opposed to the use of ,,-. :hile ,,- is not outright banned, it is extremely difficult to have it used in like Africa due to funding. -he funding for health care and disease9related programs comes largely from western aid agencies and 67+s, and,

-he 5* Agency for International ,evelopment "5*AI,% will not fund any indoor residual spraying and neither will most of the other donors, explained Cichard -ren, which means that most African countries have to use whatever "these donors% are willing to fund 1bed nets4, which not be the most appropriate tool."##% A 5gandan Health >inister said in )$$) that,

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Our peoples lives are of primary importance. The West is concerned about the environment because we share it with them. But it is not concerned about malaria because it is not a problem there. In Europe, they used T to !ill anopheles mos"uitoes that cause malaria. Why cant we use T to !ill the enemy in our camp#$%&'( Michael Crichton, an author and )h molecular biolo*ist, plainly stated,

Bannin* T is one of the most dis*raceful episodes in the twentieth century history of +merica. We !new better, and we did it anyway, an let people around the world die, and we didnt *ive a damn.$ +s author Paul Driessen elo"uently e,plained, the West,

would never tolerate bein* told they had to protect their children solely by usin* bed nets, larvae-eatin* fish and medicinal treatments. But t have been silent about conditions in +frica, and about the intolerable attitudes of environmental *roups, aid a*encies and their own *overnm %s(.$%&.( James Lovelock, a scientist, researcher, environmentalist and futurist, became famous for populari/in* his idea !nown as the 0aia hypothesis

1e first started writin* about this theory in 2ournals in the early 3.&4s, but it shot to fame with the publication of his 3.&. boo!, 0aia5 + 6ew 7oo on Earth.$

The *eneral theory is that the Earth acts as a sin*le or*anism, where all facets interact and react in a particular way that promotes an optimal en on Earth. Thus, the theory was named after the 0ree! Earth *oddess, 0aia. In the openin* para*raph of his boo!, he stated that, the "uest for 0aia is an attempt to find the lar*est livin* creature on Earth.$%'4(

1is theory provo!ed a fair amount criticism within the scientific community, with some referrin* to it as merely a metaphorical description of Earth processes.%'3( 7oveloc! has also been !nown to ma!e wild predictive statements. In 8449, he wrote an article for the Independent, in which he stated that,

:y 0aia theory sees the Earth behavin* as if it were alive, and clearly anythin* alive can en2oy *ood health, or suffer disease,$ and that the Earth is seriously ill, and soon to pass into a morbid fever that may last as lon* as 344,444 years.$%'8(

In 844', the 0uardian interviewed 7oveloc!, who contended that it was too late$ to do anythin* about *lobal warmin*, that catastrophe was inev and that, about '4;< of the world=s population %will( be wiped out by 8344.$%'>( In +u*ust of 844., 7oveloc! became a patron of the Optimum )opulation Trust, a British population control or*ani/ation. ?pon his becomin* a patron, he stated that,

Those who fail to see that population *rowth and climate chan*e are two sides of the same coin are either i*norant or hidin* from the truth. These two hu*e environmental problems are inseparable and to discuss one while i*norin* the other is irrational.$ 1e added, 1ow can we possibly decrease carbon emissions and land use while the number of emitters and the space they occupy remorselessly increases# When will the environmentalists who claim to be *reen reco*ni/e the truth and spea! out#$%'@(

Ta,es and trades in carbon and carbon credits virtually commodify our atmosphere, so that the very air we breathe becomes property that is bou sold.

+ ta, on carbon is a ta, on life. Aince the lifeblood of an industrial society is oil, this re"uires carbon emissions in order to develop. The restraints carbon, particularly the notion of tradin* carbon credits - i.e., tradin* the Bri*ht to pollute a certain amount - will disproportionately affect the devel world, which cannot afford to finance its own development.

Corporations and ban!s will trade and own the worlds carbon credits, *rantin* them the e,clusive ri*ht to pollute and control the worlds resourc environment. The carbon tradin* mar!et could become twice the si/e of the world oil mar!et within ten years time.%'D( In re*ards to the Copenha*en Climate tal!s, which essentially bro!e down in revealed the true nature of the ne*otiations, referred to as the B anish Te,t.

ecember of 844., the real source of this failure lies in a document

The B anish Te,t was a lea!ed anish *overnment document which outlined a draft a*reement,

that hands more power to rich countries,$ as, The draft hands effective control of climate chan*e finance to the World Ban!$ and would ma any money to help poor countries adapt to climate chan*e dependent on them ta!in* a ran*e of actions.$%'9(

In other words, it becomes the new means of e,ertin* conditionality$ upon the developin*, and increasin*ly the developed world. BConditionality of course - a restructurin* of society alon* lines desi*nated by the World Ban!.

While these are but e,amples of the influence and shapin* of science to mold society and control humanity, much more discussion and debate is

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on these issues. While science can be used for the benefit of mankind, so too can it be used for the control and oppression of humanity. The peo run our societies view us as needing to be controlled, so they redirect the social apparatus into systems of control and coercion.

Science can allow us to understand an idea or organism; but in doing so, it can also allow us to understand how to dominate and control that idea organism. We must continually engage in a discussion of our changing society to better understand the nature of its changes and how that could both positively and negatively.

If not for the Technological (or Technetronic!" #evolution, elites would not have access to such powerful means of control; but, simultaneously, p have never had such great access to each other through mass communications and the Internet.

So while environmental science can allow us to better understand our environment, something we seem still to be very much an adolescent in accomplishing, it also unleashes an ability, and what!s greater $ a temptation $ to control and shape the environment. Science can be used to bot imprison the human mind. It is imperative that we approach and discuss the sciences (and all issues" from this perspective, not from a narrow$mi divisive black$and$white world of left! and right!, of religion or science.

We cannot simply view criticism and opposition to social and scientific endeavors as backwards!, or based on religious doctrine!. There are ratio reasons and purposes for criticism and debate on all of these issues, and rational positions of dissent.

Issues like climate change are generally divided upon those who believe! in climate change, and those who are termed deniers!, which is a disin and divisive approach to rational debate. It silences the critical scientists, who do not get funding from governments or corporations. It classifies t dissent as deniers!, employing rhetoric like that used against %olocaust deniers, whereas the ma&ority of the dissent within the scientific commun from those who simply see the role of other forces (often natural" in shaping and changing our climate, such as solar radiation. They do not deny! climate change, but they dissent on the causes and conse'uences. Is their opinion not worth hearing(

If we are reshaping our entire global political and economic spheres as a result of our supposedly collective! perception of this issue $ as we cert then is it not of the utmost importance that we hear from other voices, especially those of dissent, in order to better understand the issue(

Merging Man and Machine - The Future of Humanity

)isenhower warned,

*The prospect of domination of the nation+s scholars by ,ederal employment, pro&ect allocations, and the power of money is ever present $ a gravely to be regarded,- and that, *we must also be alert to the e'ual and opposite danger that public policy could itself become the captive scientific$technological elite.-./01

Bill Joy, a computer scientist and co$founder of Sun 2icrosystems, who was co$chair of the presidential commission on the future of IT research article for Wired 2aga3ine in 4555 entitled, *Why the ,uture 6oesn!t 7eed 8s.-

9oy e:plained the possibilities in a technological society of the near future, that *new technologies like genetic engineering and nanotechnology w giving us the power to remake the world.;ne startling development in the world is that of robot technology and its potential impact upon society. 9oy e:plains<

=ccustomed to living with almost routine scientific breakthroughs, we have yet to come to terms with the fact that the most compelling 4>st$ century technologies $ robotics, genetic engineering, and nanotechnology $ pose a different threat than the technologies that have come bef Specifically, robots, engineered organisms, and nanobots share a dangerous amplifying factor< They can self$replicate. = bomb is blown up once $ but one bot can become many, and 'uickly get out of control..//1 9oy e:plains that while these technologies can, and consistently are promoted and &ustified in the name of doing good (such as curing diseases, *with each of these technologies, a se'uence of small, individually sensible advances leads to an accumulation of great power and, concomitantly, great danger.9oy ominously warns that<

The 4>st$century technologies $ genetics, nanotechnology, and robotics (?7#" $ are so powerful that they can spawn whole new classes of accidents and abuses. 2ost dangerously, for the first time, these accidents and abuses are widely within the reach of individuals or small gr They will not re'uire large facilities or rare raw materials. @nowledge alone will enable the use of them.

Thus we have the possibility not &ust of weapons of mass destruction but of knowledge$enabled mass destruction (@26", this destructivenes hugely amplified by the power of self$replication.

I think it is no e:aggeration to say we are on the cusp of the further perfection of e:treme evil, an evil whose possibility spreads well beyond which weapons of mass destruction be'ueathed to the nation$states, on to a surprising and terrible empowerment of e:treme individuals. In other words< we are entering an era faced with the *scientific dictators- of %u:ley!s nightmare vision in Arave 7ew World!. 9oy e:plained that by 45B5,

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*we are likely to be able to build machines, in 'uantity, a million times as powerful as the personal computers of today.Thus<

=s this enormous computing power is combined with the manipulative advances of the physical sciences and the new, deep understandings genetics, enormous transformative power is being unleashed. These combinations open up the opportunity to completely redesign the world better or worse< The replicating and evolving processes that have been confined to the natural world are about to become realms of human endeavor..C51 9oy e:amined the transformative nature of robotics, as an intelligent robot may be built by 45B5, *=nd once an intelligent robot e:ists, it is only a small step to a robot species $ to an intelligent robot that can make evolved copies of itself.,urther,

*= second dream of robotics is that we will gradually replace ourselves with our robotic technology, achieving near immortality by downloadi our consciousnesses.-

9oy further warns of the potential for an arms race to develop in these technologies, &ust as took place in the nuclear, radiological and biological w of the 45th century..C>1

9oy aptly e:plained that in the 45th century, those technologies were largely the products of governments, whereas in the 4>st century, the new technologies of genetic engineering, nanotechnology and robotics (?7#", are the products of corporations and capitalism. Thus, the driving force competition, desire, and the economic system.

%ence, there is far less regulation and discussion of these new technologies than there was of the 45th century technologies, as the new technolo developed in privately owned labs, not public. 9oy often 'uotes a passage from @ac3ynski+s 8nabomber 2anifesto regarding a future dystopia, w feels has *merit in the reasoning.In the event that human control over machines is retained (as opposed to the machines taking over"< .D1ontrol over large systems of machines will be in the hands of a tiny elite $ &ust as it is today, but with two differences.

6ue to improved techni'ues the elite will have greater control over the masses; and because human work will no longer be necessary the masses will be superfluous, a useless burden on the system. If the elite is ruthless they may simply decide to e:terminate the mass of huma If they are humane they may use propaganda or other psychological or biological techni'ues to reduce the birth rate until the mass of huma becomes e:tinct, leaving the world to the elite.

;r, if the elite consists of soft$hearted liberals, they may decide to play the role of good shepherds to the rest of the human race. They will se it that everyone+s physical needs are satisfied, that all children are raised under psychologically hygienic conditions, that everyone has a wholesome hobby to keep him busy, and that anyone who may become dissatisfied undergoes EtreatmentE to cure his Eproblem.E

;f course, life will be so purposeless that people will have to be biologically or psychologically engineered either to remove their need for the power process or make them EsublimateE their drive for power into some harmless hobby. These engineered human beings may be happy in such a society, but they will most certainly not be free. They will have been reduced to the status of domestic animals..C41

= horrifying vision indeed; but one which builds upon the ideas of %u:ley, #ussell and Ar3e3inski, who envisioned a people who $ through biologi psychological means $ are made to love their own servitude.

%u:ley saw the emergence of a world in which humanity, still a wild animal, is domesticated; where only the elite remain wild and have freedom t decisions, while the masses are domesticated like pets. %u:ley opined that,

*2en and women will grow up to love their servitude and will never dream of revolution. There seems to be no good reason why a thoroughl scientific dictatorship should ever be overthrown.-.CB1

We Can Have a Scientific Dictatorship, or...

We can create an alternative.

We use, strengthen, mobili3e, decentrali3e, and mobili3e the global political awakening into a global movement of people not simply politically aw politically active and engaged. = world where people do not simply observe the apparatus of political, economic and social power influencing the but in which the people actively seek to change it to better suit their lives and their freedom. We need to understand each other better; but to do that, we cannot view each other through the harsh and deceptive lens of power.

To understand each other, we must know each other. Feople must communicate with one another around the world; ideas must be e:changed b

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people and discussed, debated, and decided upon; the people must determine their own futures. Take the elites out of the equation: if you do no them to dominate your lives, do not give them the power to do so.

Talk to each other and determine your own polities, economies and societies. Do not entrust dying ideas and diseased institutions to determine y for you.

The tools and systems of social control are vast and evasive; they penetrate the very psychology and biology of the individual. The elite feel that entrusted - due to their supposed innate! superior intelligence and speciali"ation - to control society and reshape it as they see fit, to actively mol construct public opinion and ideas.

They have a belief that people are essentially irrational emotional beings, and that they must be controlled by an elite or else the world would be This is what underpins the ideas of stability! and order!. The state has been used to fight every progressive form of change that society has ever developed for its betterment: women!s rights, racial rights, civil rights, the anti-war movement, gay rights, etc. #nitially, the impulse - the immediate of the state - is to oppress social movements and to suppress human freedoms.

This approach often leads to a situation in which social movements are only accepted by the state when they are co-opted by the state or powerf economic forces, which then e$ert their influence over the state to alter the policy.

#f we gain stability and order at the cost of our very humanity, is it worth it% Do we really need this eternal guidance, which has been constant thro almost all of human history, to treat the human species as if it was in a constant state of adolescence, never quite prepared to make its own deci go out in the world on its own% &ell it is time for humanity to grow up, leave the strange comfort of mental authoritarianism.

The strive for human autonomy has only 'ust begun; only now is all of humanity politically awakened; only now - and never before - has all of kno humanity had such a great and perfect opportunity to remake the world, retake power, re-imagine individuality and revitali"e freedom.

(ur world is governed not by a conspiracy, but by ideas: ideas of power, money, the state, military, empire, race, religion, se$, gender, politics an The only challenge to those ideas, are new ideas. There are roughly ),*** members of the global elite,!+,-. there are over )./ billion people in the That sounds like a lot of potential for new ideas. The greatest resource for the future of humanity is not in the control! of humanity, which is doom ultimate failure, but for the release and encouragement of the human mind and spirit. 0eople can understand the science and mechanics of the brain, the functions of psychology, the ability of human strength; but still, today, we do how all that biology can create 1eethoven!s ,th 2ymphony.

3umanity is still very much a mystery to humans, and it would seem likely that the best answers to the questions of how should we live%! and ho our societies function%! are best answered with the bigger question of why are we here!%

#f the purpose of people and humanity is to consume and dominate, then our present situation seems only natural. #f we were meant for more, the must become more. #f we were meant to be free, we must become free. #deas are powerful things: they can build empires, and collapse them 'us easily.

#n 4,)5, Dr. Martin Luther King delivered one of his most moving and important speeches, 61eyond 7ietnam,8 in which he spoke out against wa empire. 3e left humanity with sobering words: # am convinced that if we are to get on the right side of the world revolution, we as a nation must undergo a radical revolution of values. &e rapidly begin the shift from a 9thing-oriented9 society to a 9person-oriented9 society. &hen machines and computers, profit motives and property rights are considered more important than people, the giant triplets of racism, materialism, and militarism are incapable of being conquered.+,:.

+4. ;ldous 3u$ley, 1rave <ew &orld and 1rave <ew &orld =evisited. >3arper 0erennial, <ew ?ork, @**-A, page @:: +@. #bid, page @:,. +B. 1ertrand =ussell, The #mpact of 2cience on 2ociety, >=outledge, 4,/:A, page -* +-. #bid, page )). +:. #bid, page )@. +). #bid, page :/. +5. #bid, page 445. +/. #bid, page 44/.

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The Technological Revolution and The Future of Freedom

[9] Ibid, page 63.

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[10] Aldous Huxley, The Ultimate e!olutio", #a$%h &0, 196&. 'e$(eley )a"guage *e"te$ + ,pee%h A$%hi!e ,A 0&"$(,pee%h./ideoTest.audio0iles.html1huxley [11] 23ight 2. 4ise"ho3e$, 4ise"ho3e$5s 6a$e3ell Add$ess to the 7atio". 8a"ua$y 19, 1961- [1&] :big"ie3 '$;e;i"s(i, 'et3ee" T3o Ages- Ame$i%a<s ole i" the Te%h"et$o"i% 4$a. =/i(i"g >$ess, 7e3 ?o$(, 1990@, page 99 [13] 4d3i" 'la%(, 4uge"i%s a"d the 7a;is ++ the *ali0o$"ia %o""e%tio". The ,a" 6$a"%is%o *h$o"i%le- 7o!embe$ 9, &003http-..a$ti%les.s0gate.%om.&003+11+09.opi"io".19A19B99C1Ceuge"i%s+eth"i%+%lea"si"g+maste$+$a%e [1B] #i%hael 'a$(e$, The )ibe$al 6ou"datio"s o0 4"!i$o"me"talism- e!isiti"g the /olume 19, 7umbe$ &, 8u"e &00D

o%(e0elle$+6o$d *o""e%tio". *apitalism 7atu$e ,o%ialism

[1A] '$u"o Eate$0ield, 2ut%h >$i"%e 'e$"ha$d 53as membe$ o0 7a;i pa$ty5. The Teleg$aph- #a$%h A, &010http-..333.teleg$aph.%o.u(."e3s.3o$ld"$ope."ethe$la"ds.9399B0&.2ut%h+>$i"%e+'e$"ha$d+3as+membe$+o0+7a;i+pa$ty.html

[16] 8ulia" Huxley, U74,*F Its >u$pose a"d Its >hilosophy =19B6@. >$epa$ato$y *ommissio" o0 the U"ited 7atio"s 4du%atio"al, ,%ie"ti0i% a *ultu$al F$ga"isatio", page 61. [19] Ibid, page &1. [1D] Ibid, pages 39+3D. [19] Ibid, page 3D. [&0] Ibid. [&1] Ibid, page 1D.

[&&] 4d3i" 'la%(, Ea$ Agai"st the Eea(- 4uge"i%s a"d Ame$i%a<s *ampaig" to *$eate a #aste$ a%e. =7e3 ?o$(- Thu"de$s<s #outh >$ess &00B@, page B1D [&3] #A TI7 #F ,4 EFF,T4 , The Ea$ Agai"st 6e$tility. The Eall ,t$eet 8ou$"al- Ap$il 1, &00Dhttp-..o"li"e.3sG.%om.a$ti%le.,'1&0900A666DD19DA6A.htmlHmodIhppCeu$opeCleisu$e [&B] Ja$la"d 4. Alle", KIs a 7e3 4uge"i%s A0ootHL ,%ie"%e #aga;i"e, F%tobe$ A, &001- /ol. &9B, "o. AAB0http-..333.s%ie"%emag.o$g.%gi.%o"te"t.0ull.&9B.AAB0.A9 [&A] Ibid. [&6] Ibid. [&9] 7iall 6i$th, Huma" $a%e 3ill 5split i"to t3o di00e$e"t spe%ies5. The 2aily #ail- F%tobe$ &6, &009http-..333.dailymail.%o.u(.s%ie"%ete%h.a$ti%le+BD96A3.Huma"+$a%e+split+di00e$e"t+spe%ies.html [&D] 4d3i" 'la%(, Ea$ Agai"st the Eea(- 4uge"i%s a"d Ame$i%a<s *ampaig" to *$eate a #aste$ a%e =7e3 ?o$(- Thu"de$<s #outh >$ess, &00B@, 11+1& [&9] Ibid, pages 1&+13. [30] Ibid, page 19. [31] Ibid, page &D. [3&] Ibid, page B16. [33] Ibid, page B1D. [3B] ,imo" 'utle$, The 2a$( Histo$y o0 >opulatio" *o"t$ol. *limate a"d *apitalism- 7o!embe$ &3, &009- http-..%limatea"d%apitalism.%om.H pI1&93

[3A] Histo$y, A'FUT TH4 >F>U)ATIF7 *FU7*I). The >opulatio" *ou"%il- ,eptembe$ 10, &00D- http-..333.pop%ou"%il.o$g.about.histo$y. [36] #A TI7 #F ,4 EFF,T4 , The Ea$ Agai"st 6e$tility. The Eall ,t$eet 8ou$"al- Ap$il 1, &00Dhttp-..o"li"e.3sG.%om.a$ti%le.,'1&0900A666DD19DA6A.htmlHmodIhppCeu$opeCleisu$e

[39] Histo$y, A'FUT TH4 >F>U)ATIF7 *FU7*I). The >opulatio" *ou"%il- ,eptembe$ 10, &00D- http-..333.pop%ou"%il.o$g.about.histo$y. [3D] e!ie3, Ho$$id Histo$y. The 4%o"omist- #ay &B, &00D

[39] Heli Masa"e", 'FFM 4/I4E- 6atal mis%o"%eptio"- the st$uggle to %o"t$ol 3o$ld populatio", 'y #atthe3 *o""elly- The 4le%t$o"i% 8ou$ o0 ,ustai"able 2e!elopme"t, &009, 1=3@, page 1A

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The Technological Revolution and The Future of Freedom

[B0] e!ie3, Ho$$id Histo$y. The 4%o"omist- #ay &B, &00D

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[B1] Hele" 4pstei", The ,t$a"ge Histo$y o0 'i$th *o"t$ol. The 7e3 ?o$( e!ie3 o0 'oo(s- August 1D, &00Dhttp-..333.po3ells.%om.$e!ie3.&00DC0DC1D.html

[B&] 2omi"i% )a3so", 6atal #is%o"%eptio"- The ,t$uggle to *o"t$ol Eo$ld >opulatio" by #atthe3 *o""elly. The ,u"day Times- #ay 1D, &00 http-..e"te$tai"me"t.timeso"li"e.%o.u(.tol.a$tsCa"dCe"te$tai"me""o"+0i%tio".a$ti%le393DBAA.e%e [B3] 6$ed >ea$%e, 6atal #is%o"%eptio" by #atthe3 *o""elly. The 7e3 ,%ie"tist- #ay &1, &00Dhttp-..333."e3s%ie"tist.%om.a$ti%le.mg19D&6A9&.B00+$e!ie3+i0atal+mis%o"%eptio"i+by+matthe3+%o""elly.html

[BB] 8a%( #. Holla"de$, The eal 4"!i$o"me"tal *$isis- Ehy >o!e$ty, 7ot A00lue"%e, Is the 4"!i$o"me"t<s 7umbe$ F"e 4"emy. =U"i!e$sity o *ali0o$"ia >$ess- 'e$(eley, &003@, page 30 [BA] )a$a M"udse", ep$odu%ti!e ights i" a Jlobal *o"text. =/a"de$bilt U"i!e$sity >$ess- &006@, page 3

[B6] ,imo" 'utle$, The 2a$( Histo$y o0 >opulatio" *o"t$ol. *limate a"d *apitalism- 7o!embe$ &3, &009- http-..%limatea"d%apitalism.%om.H pI1&93 [B9] 7i%holas 2. M$isto0, 'i$th *o"t$ol 0o$ Fthe$s. The 7e3 ?o$( Times- #a$%h &3, &00Dhttp-..333."ytimes.%om.&00D.03.&$e!ie3.M$isto0+t.html [BD] Hele" 4pstei", The ,t$a"ge Histo$y o0 'i$th *o"t$ol. The 7e3 ?o$( e!ie3 o0 'oo(s- August 1D, &00Dhttp-..333.po3ells.%om.$e!ie3.&00DC0DC1D.html [B9] Ibid. [A0] Ibid. [A1] U76>A, U76>A a"d the U"ited 7atio"s ,ystem. About U76>A- http-..333.u"0pa.o$g.about.u"system.htm [A&] >opulatio" a"d the Ame$i%a" 6utu$e, The epo$t o0 The *ommissio" o" >opulatio" J$o3th a"d the Ame$i%a" 6utu$e. The *e"te$ 0o$ esea$%h o" >opulatio" a"d ,e%u$ity- #a$%h &9, 199&http-..333.populatio"+se%u$ity.o$g.$o%(e0elle$.001Cpopulatio"Cg$o3thCa"dCtheCame$i%a"C0utu$e.htm1*ommissio"

[A3] 7,,# &00, Impli%atio"s o0 Eo$ld3ide >opulatio" J$o3th 0o$ U.,. ,e%u$ity a"d F!e$seas I"te$ests. 7atio"al ,e%u$ity ,tudy #emo$a"du =7,,#@ &00- Ap$il &B, 199B- http-..333.populatio"+se%u$ity.o$g.11+*H3.html1summa$y [AB] Ibid. [AA] Ibid. [A6] #A TI7 #F ,4 EFF,T4 , The Ea$ Agai"st 6e$tility. The Eall ,t$eet 8ou$"al- Ap$il 1, &00Dhttp-..o"li"e.3sG.%om.a$ti%le.,'1&0900A666DD19DA6A.htmlHmodIhppCeu$opeCleisu$e [A9] Ibid. [AD] Hele" 4pstei", The ,t$a"ge Histo$y o0 'i$th *o"t$ol. The 7e3 ?o$( e!ie3 o0 'oo(s- August 1D, &00Dhttp-..333.po3ells.%om.$e!ie3.&00DC0DC1D.html

[A9] Heli Masa"e", 'FFM 4/I4E- 6atal mis%o"%eptio"- the st$uggle to %o"t$ol 3o$ld populatio", 'y #atthe3 *o""elly- The 4le%t$o"i% 8ou$ o0 ,ustai"able 2e!elopme"t, &009, 1=3@, page 1A [60] Hele" 4pstei", The ,t$a"ge Histo$y o0 'i$th *o"t$ol. The 7e3 ?o$( e!ie3 o0 'oo(s, August 1D, &00Dhttp-..333.po3ells.%om.$e!ie3.&00DC0DC1D.html [61] 6. Eilliam 4"gdahl, ,eeds o0 2est$u%tio"- The Hidde" Age"da o0 Je"eti% #a"ipulatio". =Jlobal esea$%h, #o"t$eal- &009@, page 6A [6&] ,imo" 'utle$, The 2a$( Histo$y o0 >opulatio" *o"t$ol. *limate a"d *apitalism- 7o!embe$ &3, &009- http-..%limatea"d%apitalism.%om.H pI1&93 [63] #i%hael 'a$(e$, The )ibe$al 6ou"datio"s o0 4"!i$o"me"talism- e!isiti"g the /olume 19, 7umbe$ &, 8u"e &00D- page 1A [6B] Ibid, pages 19+&0. [6A] Ibid, page &0. [66] Ibid, page &&. [69] Ibid, page &A. [6D] Ibid, page &6. [69] EE6, A Histo$y o0 EE6- The ,ixties. Eo$ld Eildli0e 6u"d- 7o!embe$ 13, &00A-

o%(e0elle$+6o$d *o""e%tio". *apitalism 7atu$e ,o%ialism

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The Technological Revolution and The Future of Freedom"da.o$g.aboutC330.3hoC3eCa$e.histo$y.sixties.i"dex.%0m

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[90] 8oh" Timso", >o$t$aits o0 the >io"ee$s- ,i$ 8ulia" Huxley, 6 ,. The Jalto" I"stitute- 2e%embe$ 1999 7e3slette$http-..333.galto"i"stitute.o$g.u(.7e3slette$s.JI7)991&.Gulia"Chuxley.htm [91] #i%hael 'a$(e$, The )ibe$al 6ou"datio"s o0 4"!i$o"me"talism- e!isiti"g the /olume 19, 7umbe$ &, 8u"e &00D- page &A

o%(e0elle$+6o$d *o""e%tio". *apitalism 7atu$e ,o%ialism

[9&] >aul 2$iesse", 4%o+Impe$ialism- J$ee" >o3e$, 'la%( 2eath. =#e$$il >$ess- &00B@, page 69 [93] Ibid, page 66. [9B] Ibid, page 69. [9A] Ibid, page 6D. [96] Ibid, page 69. [99] Ibid, page 91. [9D] Ibid, page 9&. [99] Ibid, page 93. [D0] 8ames )o!elo%(, Jaia- A 7e3 )oo( at )i0e o" 4a$th. =Fx0o$d- 1999@, page 1 [D1] ,.8. Jould, M$opot(i" 3as "o %$a%(pot. 7atu$al Histo$y, 8u"e 1999- pages 1&+&1

[D&] 8ames )o!elo%(, The 4a$th is about to %at%h a mo$bid 0e!e$ that may last as lo"g as 100,000 yea$s. The I"depe"de"t- 8a"ua$y 16, &006 http-..333.i"depe"de"t.%o.u(.opi"io".%omme"tato$s.Games+lo!elo%(+the+ea$th+is+about+to+%at%h+a+mo$bid+0e!e$+that+may+last+as+lo"g+as+ 100000+yea$s+A&3161.html [D3] 2e%%a Ait(e"head, 54"Goy li0e 3hile you %a"5. The Jua$dia"- #a$%h 1, &00Dhttp-..333.gua$dia".%o.u(.thegua$dia".&$.01.s%ie"%eo0%limate%ha"ge.%limate%ha"ge [DB] F>T, JAIA ,*I47TI,T TF '4 F>T >AT F7. 7e3s elease- August &6, &009http-..333.optimumpopulatio".o$g.$eleases.opt.$elease&6Aug09.htm [DA] Te$$y #a%aliste$, *a$bo" t$adi"g %ould be 3o$th t3i%e that o0 oil i" "ext de%ade. The Jua$dia"- 7o!embe$ &9, &009http-..333.gua$dia".%o.u(.e"!i$o"me"t.&009."o!.&9.%a$bo"+t$adi"g+ma$(et+%ope"hage"+summit [D6] 8oh" /idal, *ope"hage" %limate summit i" disa$$ay a0te$ 52a"ish text5 lea(. The Jua$dia"- 2e%embe$ D, &009http-..333.gua$dia".%o.u(.e"!i$o"me"t.&"hage"+%limate+summit+disa$$ay+da"ish+text [D9] 23ight 2. 4ise"ho3e$, 4ise"ho3e$5s 6a$e3ell Add$ess to the 7atio". 8a"ua$y 19, 1961- [DD] 'ill 8oy, Ehy the 0utu$e does"5t "eed us. Ei$ed #aga;i"e- Ap$il &000- http-..333.3i$ed.%om.3i$ed.a$%hi!e.D.0B.Goy.html [D9] Ibid. [90] Ibid. [91] Ibid. [9&] Ibid.

[93] Time, The >$ess- '$a!e 7e3 7e3sday. Time #aga;i"e- 8u"e 9, 19AD- http-..333.time.%om.time.maga;i"e.a$ti%le.0,9191,D6DA&1, [9B] )au$a #ille$, The $ise o0 the supe$%lass. ,alo"- #a$%h 1B, &00D- http-..333.salo"$e!ie3.&00D.03.1B.supe$%lass

[9A] e!. #a$ti" )uthe$ Mi"g, 'eyo"d /iet"am- A Time to '$ea( ,ile"%e. ,pee%h deli!e$ed by 2$. #a$ti" )uthe$ Mi"g, 8$., o" Ap$il B, 1969, a meeti"g o0 *le$gy a"d )aity *o"%e$"ed at i!e$side *hu$%h i" 7e3 ?o$( *ity- http-..333.ha$t0o$d+h3p.%om.a$%hi!es.BAa.0AD.html Return to The New World Order Return to Big Brother Loves You... Return to Depopulation of Planet Earth

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