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UNIVERSITY OF PERPETUAL HELP SYSTEM DALTA LAS PINAS

COLLEGE OF NURSING
DRUG STUDY
Patients Name: _________________________________
________________________________
DRUG NAME

ACTION

Generic Name:

phenytoin
Brand Name:

Dilantin
Dosage:

The exact mechanism of


action is not known,
Phenytoin may work by
reducing the sensitivity
of nerves in the brain to
excessive stimulation
and reducing
transmission of impulses
between nerves.

Chewable Tablet: 50 mg;


Suspension: 125 mg/5
mL; Injection: 50 mg/mL.

PO
Frequency:

INDICATION

Control of grand mal


(tonic-clonic) and
psychomotor
seizures.

Prevention and
treatment of seizures
occurring during or
following
neurosurgery.

CONTRAINDICATION

Contraindicated with
hypersensitivity to
hydantoins, sinus
bradycardia, sinoatrial
block, Stokes-Adams
syndrome

Diagnosis:

ADVERSE REACTION

Nystagmus,
ataxia,

Antiepileptic agent

NURSING
RESPONSIBILITIES

Administer IV slowly to
prevent severe
hypotension.

slurred speech,
decreased coordination,
dizziness,

Monitor for therapeutic


serum levels of 1020
mcg/mL.

GI disturbances,
osteomalacia,
blood dyscrasias,

CLASSIFICATION:
Route:

Room & Bed No.: ________________

lymphadenopathy,

Give oral drug with food to


enhance absorption and to
reduce GI upset.

Monitor injection sites


carefully; drug solutions
are very alkaline and
irritating.

Students Name: _________________________________

Level/ Section: ____________

Clinical Instructor: ________________________________

Area: ________________

Date: _____________

Shift: _________________

gudecena/file

UNIVERSITY OF PERPETUAL HELP SYSTEM DALTA LAS PINAS


COLLEGE OF NURSING
DRUG STUDY
Patients Name: _________________________________
________________________________
DRUG NAME

ACTION

INDICATION

Room & Bed No.: ________________

CONTRAINDICATION

Diagnosis:

ADVERSE REACTION

NURSING
RESPONSIBILITIES

Generic Name:
furosemide

Brand Name:
Lasix

Dosage:
Tablets20, 40, 80 mg;
oral solution10 mg/mL,
40 mg/5 mL; injection10
mg/mL

Furosemide inhibits
reabsorption of Na and
chloride mainly in the
medullary portion of the
ascending Loop of Henle.
Excretion of potassium
and ammonia is also
increased while uric acid
excretion is reduced.

Edema associated with


CHF, cirrhosis, renal
disease

Severe sodium and water


depletion,
hypersensitivity to
sulphonamides and
furosemide,
hypokalaemia,
hyponatraemia,
precomatose states
associated with liver
cirrhosis, anuria or renal
failure.

Fluid and electrolyte


imbalance.
Rashes, photosensitivity,
nausea, diarrhoea, blurred
vision, dizziness, headache,
hypotension. Bone marrow
depression (rare), hepatic
dysfunction.
Hyperglycaemia, glycosuria,
ototoxicity.
Potentially Fatal: Rarely,
sudden death and cardiac
arrest. Hypokalaemia and
magnesium depletion can
cause cardiac arrhythmias.

CLASSIFICATION:
Loop diuretic

Route:

Reduce dosage if given with


other antihypertensives;
readjust dosage gradually as
BP responds.
Administer with food or milk
to prevent GI upset.
Give early in the day so that
increased urination will not
disturb sleep.
Avoid IV use if oral use is at
all possible.
Do not expose to light, may
discolor tablets or solution;
do not use discolored drug
or solutions.
Discard diluted solution after
24 hr.

Oral

Measure and record weight


to monitor fluid changes.

UNIVERSITY OF PERPETUAL HELP SYSTEM DALTA LAS PINAS


COLLEGE OF NURSING
DRUG STUDY
Patients Name: _________________________________
________________________________
DRUG NAME

ACTION

INDICATION

Room & Bed No.: ________________

CONTRAINDICATION

Diagnosis:

ADVERSE REACTION

NURSING
RESPONSIBILITIES

Generic Name:
Ciprofloxacin
Brand Name:
ciloxan

Inhibits DNA gyrase, an


enzyme needed for
bacterial replication.

-corneal ulcers
caused by
pseudomonas

-bacterial
conjunctivitis

Dosage:
Route:
CLASSIFICATION:
PO
Frequency:

Antibiotics

Contraindicated
in patients
hypersensitive
to drug or
flouroquinones
Its unknown if
drug appears in
breast milk after
application to
eye; however
drug given
systematically
appears in
breast milk. Use
cautiously In
breast-feeding
women.

Bad bitter taste in mouth.


Local burning discomfort
in superficial portion of
corneal defect in patients
with corneal ulcers,
allergic reactions,
conjunctival hyperemia,
foreign body sensation,
itching.

Stop drug at first sign of


hypersensitivity, such as
rash, and notify
prescriber.
A topical overdose may
be flushed from eyes with
warm tap water.
If corneal epithelium is
still compromised after 14
days of treatment,
continue therapy.
Dont confuse ciloxan
with Cytoxan.

UNIVERSITY OF PERPETUAL HELP SYSTEM DALTA LAS PINAS


COLLEGE OF NURSING
DRUG STUDY
Patients Name: _________________________________
________________________________
DRUG NAME

ACTION

INDICATION

Room & Bed No.: ________________

CONTRAINDICATION

Diagnosis:

ADVERSE REACTION

NURSING
RESPONSIBILITIES

Generic Name:
Cilostazol
Brand Name:
pletal

Thought to inhibit the


enzyme
phosphodiesterase 3,
thus inhibiting platelet
aggregation and
causing vasodilation.

To reduce symptoms
of intermittent
claudication.

Dosage:
100mg
Route:
PO

CLASSIFICATION:

Frequency:

Antiplatelet

BID

Contraindicated to
patients hypersensitive
to drug and its
components.
Contraindicated in
patients with
hemostatic disorder or
active bleeding.

Dizziness,headach,vertigo
Palpitations,peripheral
edema, tachycardia,
infection, increased
cough, flatulence,
dyspepsia

Use cautiously in
patients with severe
underyling heart
disease; also
cautiously with other
having antiplatelet
activity.

-Beneficial effects may


not be seen for up to 12
weeks after therapy
starts.
-Dosage can be reduced
or stopped without such
rebound effects as
platelet
hyperaggregation.
-instruct patient to take
drug on an empty
stomach, at least 30
minutes before or 2 hours
after breakfast and
dinner.
-advise patient to avoid
drinking grapefruit juice
during drug therapy.

Students Name: _________________________________


Clinical Instructor: ________________________________

Level/ Section: ____________


Date: _____________

gudecena/file

UNIVERSITY OF PERPETUAL HELP SYSTEM DALTA LAS PINAS


COLLEGE OF NURSING
DRUG STUDY

Area: ________________
Shift: _________________

Patients Name: _________________________________


________________________________
DRUG NAME
Generic Name:
Ceterizine
hydrochloride

ACTION
A long-acting,
nonsedating
antihistamine that
selectively inhibits.

Room & Bed No.: ________________

INDICATION

CONTRAINDICATION

Perennial allergic
rhinitis, chronic
urticaria.

Contraindicated in
patients hypersensitive
to drug or to
hydroxyzine and in
breastfeeding women.

Brand Name:
Zyrtec

ADVERSE REACTION
Somnolence
Fatigue

Route:
PO
Frequency:
OD

Pharyngitis
Dry mouth
CLASSIFICATION:
Antihistamine

Students Name: _________________________________


Clinical Instructor: ________________________________

NURSING
RESPONSIBILITIES
-warn patient not to
perform hazardous
activities until CNS effects
of drug are known.

Dizziness
Headache

Dosage:
10mg

Diagnosis:

Level/ Section: ____________


Date: _____________

gudecena/file

UNIVERSITY OF PERPETUAL HELP SYSTEM DALTA LAS PINAS

-advise patient not to use


alcohol or other CNS
depressants while taking
drug.
-stop drug 4 days before
diagnostic skin testing
because antihistamines
can prevent, reduce, or
mask positive skin test
response.

Area: ________________
Shift: _________________

COLLEGE OF NURSING
DRUG STUDY
Patients Name: _________________________________
________________________________
DRUG NAME

ACTION

Room & Bed No.: ________________

INDICATION

CONTRAINDICATION

Diagnosis:

ADVERSE REACTION

NURSING
RESPONSIBILITIES

seizures,
Generic Name:
Metronidazole
Brand Name:
Flagyl
Dosage:
500mg

Direct-acting
trichomonacide and
amebicide that works
inside and outside the
intestine.

Intestinal amebiasis

Contraindicated in
patients hypersensitive
to drug and in patients
in first trimester of
pregnancy.

-tablets may be crushed


for pts. with difficult
swallowing

dizziness,
headache

-do not use aluminium


needles or hubs, color will
turn orange/rust.

abdominal pain,
anorexia,

CLASSIFICATION:
antiprotozoal

nausea and vomiting

Route:
PO

- tell pt. that metallic


taste and dark or red
brown urine may occur

Frequency:
TID

Students Name: _________________________________


Clinical Instructor: ________________________________

gudecena/file

Level/ Section: ____________


Date: _____________

Area: ________________
Shift: _________________

UNIVERSITY OF PERPETUAL HELP SYSTEM DALTA LAS PINAS


COLLEGE OF NURSING
DRUG STUDY
Patients Name: _________________________________
________________________________
DRUG NAME
Generic Name:
enalapril
Brand Name:
Vasotec
Dosage:
Tablets2.5, 5, 10, 20
mg

ACTION
Renin, synthesized by the
kidneys, is released into
the circulation where it acts
on a plasma precursor to
produce angiotensin I, which
is converted by angiotensinconverting enzyme to
angiotensin II.

INDICATION
Treatment for
hypertensive

Room & Bed No.: ________________

CONTRAINDICATION
Contraindicated with
allergy to enalapril

ADVERSE REACTION
Headache,
dizziness,
fatigue,
insomnia,
paresthesias

CLASSIFICATION:
ACE inhibitor

Diagnosis:

NURSING
RESPONSIBILITIES
-Monitor patients on diuretic
therapy for excessive
hypotension after the first
few doses of enalapril.
-Monitor patient closely in
any situation that may lead
to a drop in BP secondary to
reduced fluid volume
(excessive perspiration and
dehydration, vomiting,
diarrhea) because excessive
hypotension may occur.

Route:
PO
Frequency:
PO

Students Name: _________________________________


Clinical Instructor: ________________________________

Level/ Section: ____________


Date: _____________

Area: ________________
Shift: _________________

gudecena/file

UNIVERSITY OF PERPETUAL HELP SYSTEM DALTA LAS PINAS


COLLEGE OF NURSING
DRUG STUDY
Patients Name: _________________________________
________________________________
DRUG NAME
Generic Name:
Sitagliptin phosphate
Brand Name:
Januvia
Dosage:
50mg

ACTION
Januvia is an an orally-active
inhibitor of the dipeptidyl
peptidase-4 (DPP-4) enzyme.
The DPP-4 enzyme inactivates
incretin hormones, which are
involved in the physiologic
regulation of glucose
homeostasis

Route:
Oral
Frequency:
OD

CLASSIFICATION:
Antidiabetic

Room & Bed No.: ________________

INDICATION
To improve glycemic
control in Type II
Diabetes,

CONTRAINDICATION
Hypersensitivity to
drug.
With Type I / DKA

Diagnosis:

ADVERSE REACTION
Headache
Nasopharyngitis
Abdominal pain, nausea,
diarrhea
Hypoglycaemia
URTI

NURSING
RESPONSIBILITIES
Assess renal function.
Monitor glycosylated
hemoglobing level
Include diet control.
WOF hypoglycemia

Students Name: _________________________________

Level/ Section: ____________

Clinical Instructor: ________________________________

Area: ________________

Date: _____________

Shift: _________________

gudecena/file

UNIVERSITY OF PERPETUAL HELP SYSTEM DALTA LAS PINAS


COLLEGE OF NURSING
DRUG STUDY
Patients Name: _________________________________
________________________________
DRUG NAME

ACTION

INDICATION

Room & Bed No.: ________________

CONTRAINDICATION

Diagnosis:

ADVERSE REACTION

NURSING
RESPONSIBILITIES

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Dosage:
CLASSIFICATION:
Route:
Frequency:

Students Name: _________________________________


Clinical Instructor: ________________________________

Level/ Section: ____________


Date: _____________

Area: ________________
Shift: _________________

gudecena/file

UNIVERSITY OF PERPETUAL HELP SYSTEM DALTA LAS PINAS


COLLEGE OF NURSING
DRUG STUDY
Patients Name: _________________________________
________________________________

Room & Bed No.: ________________

Diagnosis:

DRUG NAME

ACTION

INDICATION

CONTRAINDICATION

ADVERSE REACTION

NURSING
RESPONSIBILITIES

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Dosage:
CLASSIFICATION:
Route:
Frequency:

Students Name: _________________________________


Clinical Instructor: ________________________________

Level/ Section: ____________


Date: _____________

gudecena/file

UNIVERSITY OF PERPETUAL HELP SYSTEM DALTA LAS PINAS


COLLEGE OF NURSING
DRUG STUDY

Area: ________________
Shift: _________________

Patients Name: _________________________________


________________________________
DRUG NAME

ACTION

INDICATION

Room & Bed No.: ________________

CONTRAINDICATION

Diagnosis:

ADVERSE REACTION

NURSING
RESPONSIBILITIES

Generic Name:
Brand Name:
Dosage:
CLASSIFICATION:
Route:
Frequency:

Students Name: _________________________________


Clinical Instructor: ________________________________

gudecena/file

Level/ Section: ____________


Date: _____________

Area: ________________
Shift: _________________