Sie sind auf Seite 1von 39

qwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwe rtyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyu iopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopa sdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfg Communalism and the Role of hjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjkl the State: n !

nvestigation into the Communal zxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcv "iolence in #uzaffarnagar bnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnm and its ftermath qwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwe Report rtyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyu iopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopa sdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfg hjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjkl zxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcv bnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnm qwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwe rtyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmrtyuiopa
December, 2013 Prof Mohan Rao (JNU), Prof Ish Mishra (DU), Ms Pragya Singh (Journalist) & Dr Vikas Baj ai (JNU)

Communalism and the Role of the State: n !nvestigation into the Communal "iolence in #uzaffarnagar and its ftermath
$able of Contents
Communalism and the Role of the State: An Investigation into the Communal Violence in Muzaffarnagar and its Aftermath.........................................................................................................................................1 Communalism and the Role of the State: An Investigation into the Communal Violence in Muzaffarnagar and its Aftermath.........................................................................................................................................2 Ta le of Contents........................................................................................................................................2 Introduction.................................................................................................................................................! " #ectives of our visit:.................................................................................................................................$ Summar% of the findings..............................................................................................................................$ &ho suffered the most............................................................................................................................$ Conditions at the relief cam's and im'act of dis'lacement....................................................................( Role of the state and communal organizations in relief measures..........................................................) Role of the 'olice in 'reventing * a etting communal violence..............................................................+ Is it ,at versus Muslims or -indus versus Muslims................................................................................../ Attitude of ,ats to0ards Muslims .........................................................................................................../ &hat Muslims felt...................................................................................................................................1 2etailed findings..........................................................................................................................................1 The ostensi le genesis34illings at 5aval ..................................................................................................1 -er other com'laint 0as that the famil% is not eing 'ermitted to ste' outside the village. There are three 6rovincial Armed Consta ular% 76AC8 men 'osted at their house. 9The 'olice and administration is eing forced not to ta4e the right action against the accused. Till no0 I 0as not scared of going to college or outside the house: ut no0 I am:; she said.........................................1< The =angala ,at Maha 6ancha%at and 6relude......................................................................................12 6ost 6ancha%at Ma%hem Against Muslims............................................................................................1! 2>6age

The Stor% of ?ut a and 5ut i Villages:..............................................................................................1( The e@odus of Muslims from 5a4ada village:.....................................................................................1) "ther villages re'resented in the Cam's ..............................................................................................11 Tal4 0ith AI5MS leader: Shamshad: in Muzaffarnagar:.........................................................................11 Aurther insights into the Muzaffarnagar incidents................................................................................2< -ussain'ur 3 Mohammad'ur Raisingh 3 site of 4illings on "cto er !<:................................................21 Mohammad'ur Raisingh:..................................................................................................................21 Conversation at -ussain'ur village: ..................................................................................................2$ Voices from the relief cam's:................................................................................................................2+ The 'h%sical conditions at the cam'..................................................................................................2/ 5illing of Irfan 4a adi on =ovem er ): 2<1!:.....................................................................................21 The administrationBs ta4e on the events in Muzaffarnagar...................................................................!< Meeting 0ith the Senior Su'erintendent of 6olice 7SS68...................................................................!1 Revisit of cam's at Shah'ur and Cassi 5alan: ...................................................................................!$ Dncounter en route at a Sugar Crusher:.................................................................................................!) The inferences 0e dra0 from the findings................................................................................................!) The demands from the government..........................................................................................................!1

!ntroduction
!h" rural ar"as an# to$ns of Mu%affarnagar an# Sha&li #istri'ts Uttar Pra#"sh ha(" r"'"ntly $itn"ss"# s"("r" 'o&&unal (iol"n'") Many Musli&s fl"# th"ir (illag"s an# ha(" *""n a''o&&o#at"# in +'a& s,) Many of th"& ar" r"fusing to r"turn to th"ir (illag"s "("n thr"" &onths lat"r) !h"r" ha(" also *""n 'ontinuing in'i#"nts of 'o&&unal atta'ks "("n into lat" -'to*"r an# No("&*"r ./01) 2lthough th"r" ha(" *""n oth"r r" orts of fa't fin#ing t"a&s, th" fa'tors a*o(" l"# us to tour so&" of th" s"("r"st hit ar"as an# so&" of th" 'a& s $h"r" Musli&
!>6age

r"fug""s ar" li(ing) 3" also (isit"# Moha&&"# ur Raisingh an# 4ussain ur (illag"s $h"r" killings o''urr"# on -'to*"r 1/) 5("n *"for" it a "ar"# in th" r"ss $" ha# l"arnt that th" Sa&aj$a#i Party go("rn&"nt of Uttar Pra#"sh) $as &aking Musli&s sign affi#a(its forf"iting th" right to r"turn to th"ir (illag"s an# all l"gal 'lai& o("r th"ir i&&o(a*l" ro "rty in or#"r to a(ail of fi(" lakh 'o& "nsation a&ount) 3" foun# this #istur*ing an# $ant"# to 'h"'k th" ("ra'ity of this)

%bjectives of our visit:


0) !o in("stigat" th" rol" of stat" ag"n'i"s in "ith"r r"("nting or 'ontaining (iol"n'", in taking a ro riat" uniti(" a'tions against th" guilty an# also to in("stigat" so&" in'i#"nts of 'o&&unal (iol"n'") .) !o in("stigat" th" rol" of th" go("rn&"nt) in ro(i#ing r"li"f an# r"ha*ilitating th" #is la'"# an# th" rogr"ss &a#" in #is la'"# "o l" going *a'k to th"ir (illag"s an# ho&"s) 1) !o un#"rstan# "'ono&i', so'ial an# oliti'al r"asons that l"# to th" r"'"nt s at" of 'o&&unal (iol"n'" in this ar"a of 3"st"rn Uttar Pra#"sh) 3" 'onstitut"# a t"a& of four "rsons6 Dr) Ish Misra $ho t"a'h"s Politi'al S'i"n'" in 4in#u 7oll"g", D"lhi Uni("rsity, Dr) Mohan Rao, Prof"ssor, 7"ntr" for So'ial M"#i'in" an# 7o&&unity 4"alth, JNU Dr) Vikas Baj ai, Ph)D) S'holar, 7"ntr" for So'ial M"#i'in" & 7o&&unity 4"alth, JNU an# Ms)Pragya Singh, Journalist) !h" t"a& (isit"# th" ar"a on No("&*"r 8th an# 0/th) So&" &"&*"rs of th" t"a& also (isit"# "arli"r an# again lat"r on No("&*"r .9) !his t"a& $as also assist"# *y Dr) Su*hash !yagi, Prof"ssor of :"ogra hy, Ma'hra 7oll"g", M""rut an# Pra(""n Raj !yagi, Prin'i al :r""nlan# Pu*li' S'hool, Duhai, :ha%ia*a#) It is oft"n #iffi'ult to i"'" fa'ts tog"th"r in a sur'harg"# at&os h"r" $h"r" fa'ts ar" oft"n *uri"# un#"r th" h"a of ro agan#a, $ith narrati("s r" "at"# so oft"n an# ro agat"# so $i#"ly that list"n"rs *"li"(" th"& to *" fa't) ;u"stions ar" n"ith"r rais"# nor allo$"# to *" rais"#) -ur task $as all th" &or" #iffi'ult as th" har# "(i#"n'" of th" in'i#"nts $as #iffi'ult to 'o&" *y< $" ha(" th"r"for" r"frain"# fro& #ra$ing 'on'lusions $h"n su'h $as th" 'as")

Summary of the findings


Who suffered the most
!h" o("r$h"l&ing $"ight of "(i#"n'" oints to$ar#s th" fa't that Musli&s ha(" #is ro ortionat"ly *""n at th" r"'"i(ing "n# of th" 'o&&unal orgy that s$" t Mu%affarnagar #uring th" &onths of S" t"&*"r an# -'to*"r ./01 in t"r&s of loss to lif" an# ro "rty an# #is la'"&"nt of "o l" fro& th"ir ho&"s an# (illag"s) 2s "r th" infor&ation a(aila*l" fro& th" SSP (S"nior Su "rint"n#"nt Poli'"=s) offi'" a total of >. "o l" #i"# in th" 'o&&unal
$>6age

#istur*an'"s of $hi'h 19 $"r" Musli&s an# 0> $"r" 4in#us (though $" 'oul# not g"t th" for&al *r"ak?u of th" 4in#u #"aths, *ut th"r" ar" strong r"asons to *"li"(" that th"s" $"r" al&ost "@'lusi("ly of th" Jats)) 3hil" #"aths a&ong th" 4in#us took la'" in th" (iol"n'" that "nsu"# th" Jat Maha an'hayat at Nangla Man#aur on Ath S" t"&*"r, th" Musli& #"aths ha(" tak"n la'" in #iff"r"nt (illag"s o("r a "rio# of ti&" in &u'h &or" lann"# atta'ks) Non" of th" Jat #"aths $"r" th" r"sult out of (iol"n'" g"n"rally #ir"'t"# against 4in#us, *ut $"r" of th" Jats $ho $"r" r"turning for& th" Maha an'hayat an# $ho #"li*"rat"ly ro(ok"# th" Musli&s $hil" assing through th"ir ar"as B (illag"s) !h"r" ar" no r" orts of Jats an# th" 4in#us oth"r$is" li(ing in th"s" ar"as B (illag"s *"ing atta'k"# *y Musli&s)

2s "r unoffi'ial sour'"s as &any as 0//,/// Musli&s ha# *""n #is la'"# fro& th"ir ho&"s $hil" *y th" ti&" of our (isit th" go("rn&"nt a'kno$l"#g"# that >/,8>> "rsons ha# *""n #is la'"# $ho $"r" a''o&&o#at"# in 00 r"li"f 'a& s) 2 total of >C/ DIRs ha(" *""n r"gist"r"# in riot?r"lat"# in'i#"nts, in $hi'h aroun# E/// "o l" ha(" *""n na&"#) !h" oli'" stations in'lu#" Jansath, Fot$ali, Sisauli, Nayi Man#i, Shah ur, Bhu#ana, Bho a, Bhaura Fala, Phugana, M""ra ur an# Mansoor ur) 2t r"s"nt a t"a& of . SPs, C DSPs, >/ Ins "'torsBSu* Ins "'tors ar" in(ol("# in th" in("stigation of 'as"s)

Conditions at the relief camps and impact of displacement


!h" 'on#itions of th" r"li"f 'a& s (isit"# *y th" t"a& $"r" ath"ti' to say th" l"ast) !h" 'a& s $"r" in th" for& of t"nts it'h"# 'los" to "a'hoth"r "ith"r in th" lo'al &a#arsas (as in Bassi Falan) or "& ty lots of lan# (lik" in Shah ur (illag") !h" 'a& s $"r" *"r"ft of any 'i(i' a&"niti"s $orth th"ir na&") In t"r&s of #is la'"&"nt fro& th"ir ho&"s in th" n"ar*y (illag"s this a&ount"# to loss of s"'urity of a roof o("r th"ir h"a#, l"a#ing to in'r"as"# "@ osur" to anti?so'ial "l"&"nts "s "'ially of th" young girls an# f"&al"s) !his has l"# to in'r"as"# $orri"s for th" ar"nts r"gar#ing th" saf"ty of th"ir 'hil#r"n "s "'ially th" a#ol"s'"nt girls an# 'oul# in all lik"lihoo# *" th" r"ason for a nu&*"r of &arriag"s young girls that ha(" *""n r" ort"# fro& th"s" 'a& s) Dis la'"&"nt has also &"ant a loss of li("lihoo# for &any of th" riot aff"'t"# Musli& fa&ili"s li(ing in th" 'a& s) Most of th"s" fa&ili"s ar" of artisans or "tty tra#"rs $ho ar" fin#ing it #iffi'ult to 'arry on $ith th"ir tra#" un#"r th" 'ir'u&stan'"s an# ar" no$ totally #" "n#"nt on gi(" a $ays) Goss of s"'urity of th"ir ho&"s, li("lihoo#s an# th" ins"'urity r"gar#ing futur" is 'ost h"a(y $ith r"s "'t to th" "#u'ation of th" 'hil#r"n of aff"'t"# fa&ili"s, "s "'ially of girls) 2l&ost all th" fa&ili"s int"r(i"$"# at th" 'a& s r" ort"# that th"y #i# not $ant to go *a'k to th"ir ho&"s as th"y f"ar"# for th"ir li("s) !h" "o l" r"s onsi*l" for killing th"ir
(>6age

*r"thr"n, looting an# #"stroying th"ir ro "rty $"r" still at larg" an# *ra%"nly &o(ing aroun# in th" (illag"s, th"y sai#)

Role of the state and communal organizations in relief measures

!h"r" is a n"ar total a*s"n'" of stat" ag"n'i"s in th" r"li"f "fforts &ount"# for th" riot (i'ti&s) -n th" fa'" of it th" r"li"f 'a& s ar" *"ing organi%"# *y r"ligious B 'o&&unal (as *"longing to a r"ligious 'o&&unity) organi%ations of th" Musli&s a&ong $hi'h th" Ja&ait Ul"&a?"?4in# $as th" &ost ro&in"nt) 3hat"("r, littl" r"li"f $as ro(i#"# *y th" stat" ag"n'i"s "arli"r $"r" also rout"# through th" 'o&&unal organi%ations of th" &inority 'o&&unity) !h" "arli"r r" ort on Mu%affarnagar riots *rought out *y th" H7"nt"r for Poli'y 2nalysis= Iuot"s th" #istri't &agistrat" as saying that th" a#&inistration $as ro(i#ing r"li"f to th" (i'ti&s through th" r"ligious organi%ations of th" &inority 'o&&unity as th"y $"r" *"tt"r osition"# to ro(i#" su''or an# 'o&fort th" (i'ti&s) It $as sai# *y offi'ials of th" a#&inistration on No("&*"r .9 that all #is la'"# "rsons ha(" "ith"r gon" *a'k to th"ir ho&"s or ha(" *""n r"s"ttl"# "ls"$h"r") 4"n'", n"ith"r #o any r"li"f 'a& s "@ist on offi'ial r"'or#s as on #at", nor is any r"li"f *"ing ro(i#"# *y th" go("rn&"nt to th" riot?#is la'"# "rsons) In fa't, th" 'a& s 'ontinu" to "@ist "("n aft"r $ith#ra$al of stat" su ort an#, as "r stat"&"nts of r"si#"nts in th" 'a& s, th"y ar" *"ing in'r"asingly r"ssuri%"# to (a'at" th" 'a& s at th" "arli"st, "s "'ially if th"y ha(" a''" t"# go("rn&"nt 'o& "nsation along $ith its atta'h"# 'on#itions) !h" stat" go("rn&"nt has announ'"# a 'o& "nsation of Rs 0. lakh to th" fa&ili"s $ho lost th"ir kin in 'o&&unal (iol"n'" an# a 'o& "nsation of Rs > lakh to thos" #is la'"# fro& th"ir ho&"s) 4o$"("r, as "r th" affi#a(it to *" sign"# *y th" *"n"fi'iari"s, th" 'o& "nsation of Rs > lakh is 'on#itional to follo$ing '"rtain string"nt t"r&s $hi'h in'lu#"6

!hat &ys"lf an# &"&*"rs of &y fa&ily ha(" 'o&" l"a(ing our (illag" an# ho&" *"ing t"rrori%"# #u" to (iol"nt in'i#"nts in JJJ (illag" an# we will not now return to our original village and home under any circumstances) !hat th" lu& su& finan'ial h"l *"ing gi("n for &y fa&ily *y th" go("rn&"nt $ill only *" us"# *y &" to r"ha*ilitat" &y fa&ily) By this &on"y I $ill li(" $ith &y fa&ily (oluntarily arranging for r"si#"n'" at a ro riat" la'" elsewhere) !hat in th" 'on#ition of r"'"i(ing lu& su& finan'ial h"l a&ount, &ys"lf or &"&*"rs of &y fa&ily will not demand compensation relating to any damage to any immovable property in my village or elsewhere)

)>6age

!h" fa&ili"s at th" 'a& s r" ort"# nu&"rous #iffi'ulti"s in a(ailing of th" ro&is"# r"li"f su'h

as #iffi'ulty in un#"rstan#ing th" languag" of th" offi'ial #o'u&"nts an# th" for&s r"Iuir"# to *" fill"#, arranging i#"ntifi'ation a "rs for o "ning of *ank a''ounts un#"r 'ir'u&stan'"s $h"n th" (i'ti&s fl"# fro& th"ir ho&"s $ith (irtually no *"longings an# th"ir na&"s *"ing &issing in th" list of 'lai&ants)
It $as also r" ort"# that as &u'h as Rs ./,/// $as *"ing 'oll"'t"# *y th" lo'al r"li"f

'o&&itt""s fro& thos" r"'"i(ing 'o& "nsation in li"u of th" ho&"s to *" *uilt for th"&)

Role of the police in preventing / abetting communal violence


!h"r" ar" t$o instan'"s h"r" that ar" in#i'ati(" of oli'"=s la@ity or "("n 'o& li'ity in th" killing of Musli&s that took la'" in Mu%affarnagar) !h" first in'i#"nt is that of ;ut*a (illag" on th" S" t"&*"r A, in $hi'h "ight "o l" $"r" kill"# *y a &o* 'o& rising of "o l" fro& th" (illag" its"lf) !h"s" killings took la'" although oli'" "rsonn"l $"r" ost"# in th" ("ry sa&" (illag" at th" ti&" of th" in'i#"nt) !h" oli'" "rsonn"l r"fus"# to ro(i#" any rot"'tion to th" (i'ti&s, an# in fa't, ar" r" ort"# to ha(" lo'k"# th" Musli&s $ho a roa'h"# th"& for h"l in th" (illag" ra#han=s hous") !h" s"'on# in'i#"nt is of th" killing of thr"" Musli& youth on -'to*"r 1/ in Moha&&a# ur Raisingh (illag") !his in'i#"nt is th" lat"st &ajor " iso#" of 'o&&unal killing in Mu%affarnagar aft"r th" S" t"&*"r rioting) 2 oss" of oli'"&"n ar" r" ort"# to ha(" *""n r"s"nt in this (illag" too, $h"n th" killings took la'") !h" oli'" 'lai&s that it $as r"s"nt at th" far "n# of th" (illag", a$ay fro& $h"r" th" in'i#"nt o''urr"#, an# so #i# not kno$ of th" in'i#"nt) 4o$"("r, th" fa't that th" Jats f"lt fr"" to 'o&&it th" &ur#"rs $hil" th" oli'" $as station"# in th" (illag" its"lf s "aks of th" kin# of r"straint that oli'" has *""n a*l" to "nsur") Many r"ss r" orts no$ say that th" Musli&s $ho ha(" gon" *a'k to th"ir (illag"s ar" *"ing r"ssuri%"# to $ith#ra$ 'o& laints against "rsons th"y ha# na&"# in DIRs) !h" ra#han of 4ussain ur (illag" infor&"# in a t"l" honi' 'on("rsation on th" D"'"&*"r 0. that no furth"r arr"sts ha(" tak"n la'" in th" &ur#"rs of thr"" youths fro& his (illag" that took la'" on -'to*"r 1/ at Moha&&a# ur Raisingh) 4" furth"r infor&"# that oli'" is also a''" ting *ri*"s to $"ak"n th" 'as"s against "rsons na&"# in DIRs)

+>6age

Is it Jat versus Muslims or Hindus versus Muslims?


It has *""n r" ort"# that lo$"r 'ast" 4in#us also arti'i at"# in atta'ks on Musli&s along $ith th" Jats in #iff"r"nt (illag"s) 4o$"("r, th" Musli&s $ho& $" int"r(i"$"# in th" r"li"f 'a& s f"lt that $h"r"("r th" lo$"r 'ast" 4in#us a't"# against th"& it $as un#"r th" r"ssur" of th" Jats as th" Jats $"r" th" #o&inant 4in#u 'ast" in th" ar"a an# th" lo$"r 'ast" 4in#us ha# littl" o tion *ut to follo$ th" #iktat of th" Jats) -n (isiting th" (illag"s, th" #istin't 'ast" hi"rar'hi"s $"r" o*s"r("# in th" stru'tur" of th" (illag"s, an# also in t"r&s of th" in(ol("&"nt of #iff"r"nt 'ast"s in th" #"'ision &aking ro'"ss"s) Dor "@a& l" in th" 1> *ira#ari an'hayat that $as 'on("n"# in Moha&&a# ur Raisingh on th" No("&*"r 0/, r" r"s"ntati("s of all th" u "r 'ast"s $"r" in(it"# *ut non" fro& th" lo$"r 'ast"s) It is however noteworthy that no communal violence has been reported from any of the Muslim dominated villages in the district. Simultaneously, there were Jat dominated villages where the Jats took up the responsibility of protecting their Muslim brethren. Some of such villages were Kheda Gani, Garhi ovabad, Garhi Jaitpur and Kurawa.

Attitude of Jats to ards Muslims


3" 'oul# not fin# any r"&ors" a&ong th" Jats for th" suff"ring *"ing fa'"# *y th" Musli&s) !h"y rath"r h"a "# insult to th" injury of Musli&s as r"fl"'t"# *y th" follo$ing6

3ithout r"gar# to th" &is"ra*l" 'on#itions in th" 'a& s Jats sai# that Musli&s ha(" l"ft th" (illag"s lur"# *y th" gr""# of Rs > lakh 'o& "nsation announ'"# *y th" go("rn&"nt for #is la'"# fa&ili"s an# that th"r" $as no thr"at to th"ir lif" or ro "rty in th" (illag"s) !h" +Musli&s $"r" sho$ing "("n joint fa&ili"s li(ing un#"r on" roof as s" arat" fa&ili"s in or#"r to 'lai& &or" 'o& "nsation), !hat Musli&s ha# th"&s"l("s #"stroy"# th"ir ro "rty an# inflat"# th" 'lai&"# loss"s to #"&an# &or" 'o& "nsation) !h"r" $as no r"gr"t "("n for loss of lif" on art of Musli&s) Dor "@a& l" $ith r"s "'t to Fa$al in'i#"nt it $as sai# that +$hil" th" in(ol("# 4in#u fa&ily lost th"ir only son *ut th" loss of lif" of th" Musli& *oy $as in'ons"Iu"ntial to th" fa&ily as h" ha# &any si*lings), !h"s" 'o&&"nts $"r" a''o& ani"# *y th" &or" g"n"ri' 'o&&"nts r"s"r("# for Musli&s ")g) that th"y #i# not follo$ fa&ily lanning an# ha# larg" fa&ili"s an# th"ir loyalti"s to th" 'ountry $"r" sus "'t) +!h"y $ant to r"#u'" us to &inoriti"s in our o$n 'ountry, it $as ass"rt"# an# that ? +Dirst th"y $ant"# Pakistan, no$ th"y $ant an in#" "n#"nt Fash&ir an#
/>6age

ha(" #ri("n out all th" 4in#us fro& Fash&ir) !h" sa&" thing $ill ha "n h"r" in a f"$ y"ars), It $as r"&arka*l" that th"s" 'o&&"nts $"r" r" "at"# in al&ost th" sa&" $or#s *y all th" Jats $" &"t irr"s "'ti(" of th" #istan'" that s" arat"# th"ir (illag"s) !his is ro*a*ly in#i'ati(" of a $"ll?organi%"# 'a& aign o("r a "rio# of ti&" to$ar#s 'o&&unali%ing th" at&os h"r" in th" "ntir" ar"a)

What Muslims felt


Musli&s $" s ok" to in th" 'a& s an# in so&" (illag"s $"r" at a loss to fatho& th" (i'iousn"ss $ith $hi'h th"y ha# *""n atta'k"# *y th" "o l" fro& th"ir o$n (illag"s $ith $ho& th"y ha# li("# "a'"fully for so long) In so&" (illag"s +th"y $"r" 'has"# out *y Jat *oys 'arrying s$or#s an# ja("lins), !his along $ith th" fa't that &any of th"ir atta'k"rs $"r" roa&ing fr"" s""&"# to ha(" 'on(in'"# th"& of th" futility of "("r r"turning to th"ir (illag"s) 4o$"("r, so&" "rsons in th" 'a& s #i# t"ll that th" at&os h"r" in th" ar"a ha# *""n (itiat"# for ast so&" ti&" K HDi%a khara* k" ja rahi thi)= So&" f"lt that BJP $as 'l"arly *"hin# this turn of "("nts an# r"'all"# that th" BJP r"si#"nt Raj Nath Singh ha# att"n#"# th" Jat Pan'hayat h"l# E &onths *a'k at Fut*a (illag" K th" (illag" $h"r" fro& &a@i&u& nu&*"r of Musli&s $"r" r" ort"# kill"#) 5("n $hil" going to an# $hil" r"turning fro& th" &aha? an'hayat h"l# on th" Ath of S" t"&*"r at Nangla?Man#aur ro(o'ati(" slogans su'h as K HMusal&anon k" #o hi sthan K Pakistan ya ka*ristan= an# HNar"n#ra Mo#i Lin#a*a#= ? $"r" rais"# $hil" assing through Musli& (illag"s an# in front of Ma#arsas

Detailed findings
!he ostensible genesis"#illings at $aval
!h" "ru tion of (iol"n'" *"t$""n Musli&s an# Jats in this ar"a ost"nsi*ly start"# $ith an in'i#"nt in Fa(al (illag", a Musli& &ajority (illag" in Mu%affarnagar #istri't) -n 2ugust .9, ./01, t$o Jat youth fro& Malik ura Majra, right n"@t to Fa(al , a''ost"# a Musli& youth na&"# Shahna$a% an# kill"# hi&) !h"s" t$o young &"n, Sa'hin Malik an# :aura( Malik, $"r" lat"r kill"# *y th" "o l" ass"&*l"# th"r") !h"r" ar" 'onfli'ting ("rsions r"gar#ing th" "@a't 'ours" of "("nts $hi'h l"# to th"s" killings) !h"s" ("rsions ha(" also a "ar"# in th" r"ss) 2''or#ing to on" ("rsion th" "ntir" in'i#"nt $as on a''ount of Shahna$a% +"(" t"asing, Sa'hin=s sist"r an# :aura(=s 'ousin $ho hail"# fro& Malik ura Majra) -n th" oth"r han# th" DIR r"gist"r"# *y Shahna$a%=s fath"r against th" t$o Jat *oys, Sa'hin an# :aura(, stat"s that th" fight $as o("r a &otor'y'l") It is also r" ort"# in th" Minoriti"s 7o&&ission r" ort on th" Mu%affarnagar riots that th" fath"r of Shahna$a% tol# th" Minoriti"s 7o&&ission (M7) t"a& on S" t"&*"r 08 that th" r"al issu" $as of a &inor a''i#"nt in(ol(ing 'ollision of a &otor'y'l" $ith *i'y'l"s) !his is also th" story
1>6age

u*lish"# in The Statesman. Shahna$a%=s fath"r also tol# th" M7 t"a& that his son us"# to $ork in 7h"nnai an# $as only (isiting th" fa&ily) 4o$"("r, $hat is no$ 'o&&only stat"# $as that it $as r"("ng" for th" +"("?t"asing, *y Shahna$a%) -n" of our t"a& &"&*"rs 'oul# ho$"("r &""t th" girl fro& Malik ura $ho is &"ntion"# in th" 'as") !h" follo$ing is h"r ("rsion of th" story6 Sh" all"g"# that Shahna$a% us"# to +a*us", h"r (+gali deta tha,) as an# $h"n sh" ass"# through Fa(al on h"r $ay to 'oll"g", an# that this $as a r"gular o''urr"n'") 4"r *roth"r or fath"r us"# to a''o& any h"r fro& ti&" to ti&" as a saf"ty r"'aution) -n 2ugust .9, th" #ay this fight took la'", sh" $as in a *us an# h"r *roth"r $as $ith h"r) Shahna$a% a*us"# h"r again as th"y ass"# through Fa(al) 2t this &o&"nt, h"r *roth"r Sa'hin got #o$n fro& th" *us to 'onfront Shahna$a%) Sa'hin=s 'ousin :aura( $as also stan#ing *y (though it is not kno$n $h"th"r h" $as in'i#"ntally th"r" or as "r a rior lan)) !h" t$o tog"th"r a''ost"# Shahna$a%) +I #on=t kno$ $hat ha "n"# aft"r that,, sh" sai#) 4"r oth"r 'o& laint $as that th" fa&ily is not *"ing "r&itt"# to st" outsi#" th" (illag") !h"r" ar" thr"" Pro(in'ial 2r&"# 7onsta*ulary (P27) &"n ost"# at th"ir hous") +!h" oli'" an# a#&inistration is *"ing for'"# not to tak" th" right a'tion against th" a''us"#) !ill no$ I $as not s'ar"# of going to 'oll"g" or outsi#" th" hous", *ut no$ I a&,, sh" sai#)

:i("n th" $ay things ar" it is ("ry #iffi'ult to 'o&&"nt authoritati("ly on th" "@a't s"Iu"n'" of "("nts unl"ss th"r" is a through "nIuiry into th" $hol" in'i#"nt) 4o$"("r, on" thing that "&"rg"# fro& our int"ra'tion $ith "o l", *oth th" Jats an# th" Musli&s, is that ha# th" a#&inistration an# th" oli'" a't"# $ith so&" $is#o& an# r"solut"n"ss th" su*s"Iu"nt turn of "("nts 'oul# sur"ly ha(" *""n r"("nt"#) It shoul# ho$"("r *" not"# that th" s"@ual harass&"nt of young $o&"n is ra& ant in th" 'ountry, an# arti'ularly in UP) !h" Fa(al in'i#"nt $as on" su'h in'i#"nt, *ut it $as "ff"'ti("ly ro agat"# an# gi("n a 'o&&unal 'olour *y 'o&&unal for'"s th"&s"l("s #"" ly atriar'hal an# not kno$n for th"ir 'o&&it&"nt to g"n#"r justi'") Mor"o("r, this "ntir" in'i#"nt shoul# *" la'"# in th" 'ont"@t of th" fa't that this ar"a of UP has r"'"ntly *""n kno$n for Jat Fha an'hayats "n#orsing &ur#"rs of girls fro& th" r"gion an# th"ir s ous"s, shoul# th"y stray fro& th" +nor&s, s"t *y th" Fha s) D"s'ri*"# as +honour killings,, th"y ha(" in(it"# 'on#"&nation *y th" Su r"&" 7ourt) !his ar"a is also kno$n for a st"" "r rat" of s"@ s"l"'ti(" a*ortions an# infanti'i#", $ith s"@ ratios &or" sk"$"# than *oth th" national an# stat" a("rag") !h" o("rall S"@ Ratio in this #istri't is A90 f"&al"s to 0/// &al"s $hil" th" a("rag" in th" stat" of UP is A8A f"&al"s to 0/// &al"s) !h" 7hil# S"@ Ratio in this
1< > 6 a g e

#istri't is AE1 girls to 0/// *oys against all In#ia figur" of 808 girls to 0/// *oys as "r th" ./00 '"nsus) N"$s of any in'i#"nt +(iolating, th" 'ast" 'o#" su "r(is"# an# "nfor'"# *y Fha an'hayats g"ts ro agat"# far an# $i#" an# th" (iolators ar" unish"#, oft"n $ith #"ath) 2ny 'hoi'" &arriag", "s "'ially if int"r?r"ligious, *"'o&"s a s'an#al an# #ra$s 'on#"&nation) 3hil" th" Fha s &ay *" o$"rl"ss to "nfor'" th"ir +s"nt"n'"s, in so&" 'as"s, this is not th" 'as" $h"n th" +off"n#"rs, ar" $ithin r"a'h) -f th" total 'as"s of Fha (iol"n'" r"'or#"# in (arious r" orts, th" issu" of intra?gotra or int"r?'ast" &arriag"s #o&inat" th" list) 3hil" int"r?r"ligious r"lationshi s ar" f"$, n"$s of "a'h su'h 'as" is ro agat"# $i#"ly) !h" 4in#ut(a organi%ations ha(" "("n gi("n it a na&"M+Go(" Jiha#,M$h"n th" girl ha "ns to *" a 4in#u) -rtho#o@ "l"&"nts a&ong Musli&s ar" also r"s"ntful of Musli& girls going out $ith 4in#u *oysB&"n an# attri*ut" this to th"ir o("rty) D"u#al atriar'hal so'i"ty has s"i%"# th" 'han'" in 'ontrolling th"ir young $o&"n un#"r th" slogan of +bahu beti izzat, $hi'h also fits ni'"ly into th" ro agan#a *lit% of 4in#ut(a) !h" Fa(al in'i#"nt $as #iss"&inat"# $i#"ly on so'ial &"#ia through a #o'tor"# thr"" &inut" 'li $ith a Punja*i song in th" *a'kgroun#) !h" (i#"o f"atur"s "o l" $"aring 'loth"s that just not $orn in Mu%affarnagar, an# has *""n tra'"# to Punja* ro(in'" in Pakistan) It is also kno$n to *" an o("r t$o y"ar ol# (i#"o, not of Sa'hin an# :aura( Malik) !his #iss"&ination $as #on" r"'is"ly to infla&" 'o&&unal an@i"ti"s an# f"ars an# (itiat" th" at&os h"r") Durth"r "("nts a''or#ing to th" R" ort of th" M76 .Ath 2ugust6 P"o l" r"turning fro& th" 'r"&ation of Sa'hin an# :aura(, s"t fir" to a hut&"nt an# to a hut in a *ri'k?kiln an# #a&ag"# .9 hous"s in Fa(al) .8th 2ugust6 !h" Shi( Man#ir in (illag" Fa(al $as #a&ag"# follo$ing $hi'h th"r" $as ston" thro$ing *"t$""n Musli&s an# Jats) 1/th 2ugust6 2 Jan Sa*ha of Musli&s took la'" at Shah""# 7ho$k, Mu%affarnagar) !h"r" ar" &any ("rsions of $hat trans ir"# th"r") !h" 7o&&ission $as gi("n a 7D to su ort th" 'lai& that th" Sa*ha $as an a "al for 'al&) 2noth"r sour'" says Musli&s h"l# aft"rnoon ray"rs at Fa(al, $h"r" oliti'al l"a#"rs, in'lu#ing th" Bahujan Sa&aj Party (BSP) M"&*"r of Parlia&"nt ;a#ir Rana, $"r" r"s"nt an# $h"r" fi"ry s ""'h"s $"r" &a#") 10st 2ugust6 During a Shok Sa*ha for th" t$o Jat *oys in (illag" Nangal Man#aur, an 2lto 'ar in $hi'h 2&roha Musli&s $"r" tra("lling, $as o("rturn"# an# *urnt an# th" o''u ants *"at"n u ) 2 oli'"&an at Fa(al also tol# us that a Musli& youth $as assault"# at M""nakshi 7ho$k in Mu%affarnagar)

11 > 6 a g e

!he %angala Jat Maha &ancha'at and &relude


-n S" t"&*"r >, in th" Jat &ajority (illag" of Gisarh (Distri't Sha&li, P)S) Phugana) a an'hayat of Jats $as 'all"# *y 7hau#hry 4arkishan Ba*a of :ath$ala Fha , 7hau#hry Nar"sh !ikait of Baliyan Fha an# Bharatiya Fisan Union (BFU) Pr"si#"nt Rak"sh !ikait) !h" Jat (illag" ra#hans of th" ar"a att"n#"#) !his an'hayat announ'"# that a Maha an'hayat $oul# *" h"l# on S" t"&*"r 9 at (illag" Nangla Man#aur) Nangala Man#aur is 'los" to Fa(al an# "n rout" fro& Bijnor 'ity to Mu%affarnagar, *ut 'los"r to Mu%affarnagar) Infor&ation of this an'hayat $as gi("n to our t"a& in Bassi Falan (illag", in th" t$o r"li"f 'a& s at Shah ur as also at oth"r la'"s) Jats fro& Mu%affarnagar, Sha&li, Bag at, Bu#hana, :ha%ia*a#, Distri't Bijnor an#, so&" r" orts say, "("n 4aryana, r"a'h"# th" ("nu" on S" t"&*"r 9, *y an# larg" in tra'tor troll"ys) !h" &o*ili%ation $as &ainly of Baliyan Jats ('orro*orat"# *y th" fa't that no (iol"n'" took la'" North of Mu%affarnagar, $h"r" th"s" t$o Jat 'o&&uniti"s ar" not #o&inant)) !h" tra'tor troll"ys ha# Jats ar&"# $ith lathis, *alla&s (lan'"), s$or#s, ta&an'has ('ountry &a#" istol)) So&" Jats tol# our t"a& on No("&*"r 8 that th" tra'tors 'arri"# larg" ston"s at th" *otto&) 3hil" Jats 'lai& that a lakh or &or" "o l" arti'i at"#, th" Minority 7o&&ission R" ort "sti&at"s ar" of C/,/// an# oth"r r" orts ar" of ./,/// "o l" att"n#ing this an'hayat) 4o$"("r na&"s of th" s "ak"rs ar" not in #is ut") Both th" r"ss r" orts an# all non?Jat sour'"s say that th" afor"&"ntion"# s "ak"rs $"r" ("no&ous in th"ir s ""'h"s) -th"r s "ak"rs in'lu#"# th" MG2 of Bijnor Sa#ar, Bharat"n#u Singh of th" Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), S$a&i -&("sh, BJP MG2 Sang""t So&, Sur"sh Rana, 4uku& Singh N"ta (BJP), Nar"sh !ikait an# Rak"sh !ikait) -n th" sa&" #ay, th" BJP ha# 'all"# for a *an#h in Mu%affarnagar to$n) -n" Musli& *oy, Israr, a hotogra h"r fro& (illag" Fan#hla $as kill"# n"ar th" an'hayat) 4" ha# *""n *rought th"r" *y th" organi%"rs ( oli'"N) to (i#"ogra h th" ro'""#ings) 3hil" this an'hayat $as still on, th" sa&" "("ning, a riot *rok" out at Fhala ar (a Musli&?#o&inant"# ar"a of Mu%affarnagar) in $hi'h t$o "o l" $"r" kill"#, on" of th"& a journalist) -n th" $ay to Man#aur, tra'tor trolli"s fro& Gisarh ass"# through Bassi Falan, a Musli& &ajority (illag" n"ar Shah ur) 5y"$itn"ss"s in Bassi Falan tol# our t"a& that th" troll"ys fro& Gisarh sto "# outsi#" th" Ma#arsa an# rais"# ro(o'ati(" slogans in'lu#ing +Nar"n#"r Mo#i zindabad,, +Muslamanon ke do sthan, Qabristan ya Pakistan, (Musli&s ha(" t$o la'"s to go to, "ith"r a gra("yar# or Pakistan)) 2 #og &a#" to $"ar a *urIa $as s"at"# in a t"& o, an# $as *"ing *"at"n $ith sho"s) 3h"n so&" Musli& youth o*j"'t"#, on" youth $as atta'k"# $ith a s$or# r"sulting in 'uts on t$o?thr"" fing"rs< a r"gnant Musli& $o&an $as atta'k"# $ith a *hala (s "ar), an# sh" f"ll *l""#ing) !h" 7- oli'" r"a'h"# th" s ot along $ith a for'" *ut th" Jats 'ontinu"# th"ir a'ti(iti"s in front of th"&) !h"y lat"r l"ft for th" Maha an'hayat, $h"r", a''or#ing to th" Minority 7o&&ission r" ort, th"y tol# oth"r arti'i ants that Musli&s of Bassi Falan *"at th"& u )
12 > 6 a g e

In Bassi Falan its"lf th" oli'" #i# not r"gist"r any 'o& laint against th" Jats, *ut along $ith th" a#&inistration, it r"(ail"# u on th" troll"y?ri#"rs to 'hang" th"ir rout"s for th" r"turn journ"y) Bassi Falan r"si#"nts sai# th" situation $as ("ry t"ns" on that #ay) Si&ilarly, $h"n our t"a& $"nt to Pur Baliyan $" l"arn"# that th" Jat troll"ys 'rossing th" (illag" on that #ay ha# also ro(ok"# th" Musli&s) In'i#"ntally, a Jat kabbadi t"a'h"r $ho& th" t"a& &"t n"ar Faka#a (illag" on No("&*"r 8 tol# us that th" Musli&s atta'k"# Jats at t"n la'"s $hil" th"y $"r" on th"ir $ay to att"n# th" Maha an'hayat, an# that th" "ntir" su*s"Iu"nt (iol"n'" $as #u" to this) 4" also sai# that if th" Jat *oys $"r" raising th" slogan of +Nar"n#ra Mo#i %in#a*a#,, it har#ly &att"r"# as th" "ntir" 'ountry $as #oing so) 4o$"("r, Musli&s at #iff"r"nt la'"s an# also a !yagi ra#han of (illag" Fhu**a ur $ho& $" &"t on No("&*"r 8 an# $ho ha# (olunt""r"# to intro#u'" our t"a& to his a'Iuaintan'"s in Faka#a (illag", tol# us that Jat troll"ys #i# th"ir ut&ost to ro(ok" Musli& #o&inat"# (illag"s "n rout", an# thr"$ ston"s at th" Ma#arsas at s"("ral la'"s) 2nsar, sBo 3akil of (illag" :a#i, #istri't Sha&li $ho ha# #ri("n a *us of Jats to th" Maha an'hayat $as *"at"n to #"ath (r"'or#"# in th" M7 r" ort), though it is not 'l"ar $h"r" this o''urr"#)

&ost &ancha'at Ma'hem Against Muslims(


-n S" t"&*"r 9, $hil" th" troll"ys $"r" r"turning fro& th" Maha an'hayat at Nangla Man#aur in'i#"nts of (iol"n'" $"r" r" ort"# fro& s"("ral la'"s) 3" in("stigat"# th" in'i#"nt that took la'" at Pur Baliyan $hi'h falls on th" roa# to Mu%affarnagar 'ity fro& Nangla Man#aur) It is at Pur Baliyan that th" &a@i&u& 'asualti"s a&ong Jats ha(" *""n r" ort"#) It $as sai# that aroun# ./?.> troll"ys of Jats r"turning fro& th" Maha an'hayat sto "# at Pur Baliyan at aroun# E)1/ in th" "("ning an# *"gan stoning th" "o l" off"ring na&a% at th" &asji#) !h" Jats also s"t fir" to so&" stru'tur"s) Poli'" arri("# at th" s'"n" an# r"(ail"# u on th" Jats to l"a(" th" s ot, $h"r"u on th"y $"nt to (illag" Bho a#a, s "nt th" night th"r", an# l"ft for th"ir o$n (illag"s at E th" n"@t &orning) Go'al "y"$itn"ss"s tol# us that lat"r that "("ning t$o &or" tra'tor trolli"sMon" *"longing to Jats fro& Sohra& (illag" an# th" oth"r of Jats fro& Faka#a (illag"M'ross"# Pur Baliyan) !hr"" or four Mul"y Jat fa&ili"s li(ing along th" &ain roa# that ass"s through Pur Baliyan $"r" a$aiting th" r"turn of th" trou*l"&aking slogan""rs, an# ston"# th"ir trolli"s) (Mul"y Jats ar" Jats $ho 'on("rt"# to Isla&)) !h" int"ntion of th" Mul"y Jats $as to atta'k th" tra'tor of Jats fro& Sohra& (illag") !h" tra'tor $as f"rrying so&" fa&ily &"&*"rs of th" ra#han of Sohra&) ( t is understood that there was an old rivalry between the Muley !ats and !ats o" Sohram. t appears that the Muley !ats o" Sohram had planned to attack the trolley o" Sohram !ats with the help o" Muley !ats o" Pur #aliyan.$ 4o$"("r, th" "("ning of this in'i#"nt, th" Jats in th" Sohra& tra'tor o "n"# fir" fro& th"ir fir"ar&s an# s "# a$ay) In'i#"ntally, a tra'tor troll"y fro& Faka#a that $as follo$ing th"
1! > 6 a g e

Sohra& troll"y $as hit *y *ull"ts an# *urst a tyr") 2s a r"sult, th" Jats of Faka#a $"r" atta'k"# *y Mul"y Jats of Pur Baliyan) !hr"" Jat youth of Faka#a $"r" kill"# on th" s ot *y stoning) !h" ost&ort"& r" orts of all th" thr"" youth, $hi'h $"r" a''"ss"# *y th" t"a&, 'orro*orat" this &"tho# of #"ath) 2noth"r "l#"rly "rson fro& Faka#a, $ho sustain"# h"a# injury in this in'i#"nt, lat"r #i"# in th" M"#i'al 7oll"g" 4os ital at M""rut) It n""#s to *" &"ntion"# h"r" that th"r" $as no rior #is ut" *"t$""n Jats an# Musli&s of Faka#a, or "("n *"t$""n th" Jats of Faka#a an# Musli&s of Pur Baliyan) !his $as 'orro*orat"# *y th" Jat Pra#han of Faka#a $ho& $" &"t on No("&*"r 8) !h" Mul"y Jat fa&ili"s an# oth"r Musli&s of Pur Baliyan also #i# not har& th" Jat fa&ili"s li(ing in Pur Baliyan its"lf) !h"ir ro*l"&s s""& to ha(" *""n $ith th" Jats of Sohra& (illag") Jats $" &"t &aintain that 0/ Baliyan Jats $"r" kill"# on th" "("ning of S" t"&*"r 9) Sanji( Baliyan (th" kabaddi t"a'h"r at Faka#a) sai# that th"r" $"r" .A in'i#"nts of atta'ks on Musli&s in (arious arts of th" ar"a that night its"lf) 2''or#ing to th" M7 r" ort, Jats $"r" atta'k"# $hil" r"turning at Joli 'anal *ri#g" (P)S) Bho a) an# at four oth"r la'"s, r"sulting in si@ #"aths, in'lu#ing t$o of Musli&s) -n th" night of S" t"&*"r 9 its"lf, 'urf"$ $as i& os"# *y #istri't authoriti"s in Mu%%afarnagar 'ity as $"ll as th" dehat) In Mu%affarnagar 'ity, sho s $"r" *urnt at Bhagra !onga Stan# ('onfir&"# *y th" a#&inistration an# &"ntion"# in th" M7 r" ort) Dro& th" night of S" t"&*"r 9 its"lf, atta'ks on Musli&s in th" ar"a *"gan) !h" a#&inistration tol# th" M7 that th"s" $"r" in (illag"s ;ut*a, Fut*i, Gankh, Gisarh, Baha$a#i, Phugana, Moha&&a# ur Raisingh, Faka#a, Fhara#, Moha&&a# ur Mo#"rn an# 2tali) -n S" t"&*"r A, th" 2r&y &o("# into th" to$ns of Jansath, Bhaura Falan, Shah ur, Phugana, Bu#hana, Bho a, an# oth"r la'"s, fro& $h"r" th"y $"r" $ith#ra$n only on S" t"&*"r 09) Ru&ours ran rif" th" $hol" int"r("ning night of S" t"&*"r 9?A6 ,0// mar diye, >// mar diye, (a hun#r"# ha(" *""n kill"#, fi(" hun#r"# ha(" *""n kill"#)) !h" a#&inistration ha# *y night r"'"i("# 'onfir&ation of fi(" to si@ #"aths in th" "ntir" ar"a *ut this $as not "ff"'ti("ly 'o&&uni'at"# to th" "o l") -n S" t"&*"r A, no n"$s a "rs $"r" 'ir'ulat"# "ith"r) !hus ru&ors ran riot) !hough it is #iffi'ult to say so authoritati("ly, y"t as is th" $ont in su'h situations, th" ("st"# int"r"sts 'oul# ha(" #"li*"rat"ly s r"a#, or allo$"# ru&ors to *" s r"a#, in or#"r to or'h"strat" th" (iol"n'" against Musli&s that follo$"#) 3hat"("r th" 'as", th" a#&inistration '"rtainly fail"# to r"&"#y th" situation) -f th"s" in'i#"nts, $" ar" a*l" to #"tail th" "@ "ri"n'"s at ;ut*a an# Fut*i, $hos" r"fug""s $" &"t at r"fug"" 'a& s, Shah ur 7a& No 0 an# . on No("&*"r 8) !h"s" $"r" also r"f"rr"# to *y s"("ral oth"rs (O)) 3" (isit"# Faka#a on 8th No( an# &"t th" r"si#"nts an# th" ra#han) 3" also $"nt to Moha&&a# ur Raisingh on No("&*"r 0/) In a##ition, r"fug""s at th" 'a& s tol# us of in'i#"nts in oth"r (illag"s (Sisauli, ;ut*a, Fut*i, Fa#o$li, Bains$ara))

1$ > 6 a g e

$he Story of &utba and 'utbi "illages:


In ;ut*a, th" (illag" ra#han is a $o&an, M""na, $hos" hus*an# D"(in#"r (Pra#han ati) "@"r'is"s o$"r) !his ra#han ha# *""n su ort"# in th" ast thr"" "l"'tions *y Musli&s of th" (illag") D"(in#"r s "nt th" night of S" t"&*"r 9 in Bho a#a) Musli&s of his (illag" 'all"# hi& s"("ral ti&"s through th" night asking hi& to r"turn, an# also ask"# hi& if th"y shoul# l"a(" th" (illag", as th"y h"ar# th" n"$s of th" ost?Pan'hayat (iol"n'") !h" r"fug""s stat" th"r" $"r" 9// Jat fa&ili"s an# 1// Musli& fa&ili"s in ;ut*a?Fut*i) !hat night, th" ra#han ati D"("n#"r assur"# th" Musli&s that h" ha# &a#" arrang"&"nts for th"& an# non" of th"& shoul# l"a(") !h" n"@t &orning, S" t"&*"r A, at A 2M, h" along $ith his 'ousin U "n#"r, alias Ba*loo, $ho is a history?sh""t"r, l"# hun#r"#s of Jats 'arrying *halas (s "ar) an# *alla&s (lan'") to atta'k Musli&s) !h"y "nt"r"# th" Musli& hous"s, kill"# s"("n Musli&s $ith shar $"a ons, shot #"a# on" $o&an) !hr"" &"n &anag"# to run a$ay) 2 grou of 0/?0> oli'"&"n l"# *y a #aroga $"r" #rinking t"a at th" ra#han=s hous" in ;ut*a) 3h"n th" thr"" &"n ran to th"& for h"l , th" oli'" tol# th"& that th"y $oul# tak" a'tion aft"r ha(ing t"a, an# lo'k"# u all thr"" in th" ra#hanPs sitting roo&) -th"r Musli&s ran out into th" sugar'an" fi"l#s an# hi# th"r") !h"y tol# us that th"y 'oul# s"" th"ir hous"s *"ing *urnt) !h"y $"r" r"s'u"# *y +for'"s, that arri("# fro& th" #ir"'tion of Shah ur at 0061/ 2M) 3h"n this for'" 'a&", th"y $"r" tol# a*out th" thr"" &"n in th" ra#han=s sitting roo& an# th"y r"s'u"# th"& too) !h" Musli&s $ho "s'a "# an# also thos" th" oli'" r"s'u"# $"r" tak"n to 'a& s 0 an# . at Shah ur) !h" r"fug""s fro& ;ut*a?Fut*i at Shah ur say that th" &o* 'onsist"# of Jats of th"ir o$n (illag"< on" sai# th"r" $"r" also outsi#"rs) -n" "rson sai# all 'ast"s of 4in#us $"r" in(ol("# *ut a##"# that th" oth"rs $"r" #oing $hat th" Jats tol# th"&) In Fut*i th"r" $"r" no #"aths *ut ar&"# Jats roa&"# $ith 'ans of k"ros"n" an# Musli&s ran a$ay fro& th" (illag") !h" Jats *urnt Forans an# hous"s an# shout"# that th"y $oul# kill all Musli&s) !h" r"fug""s fro& th"s" (illag"s $ho& $" &"t at th" t$o 'a& s of Shah ur an# at Bassi Falan ar" artisans an# fa'tory "& loy""s in oth"r 'iti"s an# ar" &ostly lan#l"ss) !h"ir 'hil#r"n $"r" in s'hool till th"y $"r" #is la'"#) So&" ar" no$ stu#ying in Ma#arsas) !h"y $"r" "& hati' a*out not going *a'k to th" (illag"< as th"ir o$n (illag"rs ha# turn"# against th"&) !h"y stat"# that in th"ir (illag"s th" Musli&s $"r" of (arious 'ast"s) In Fut*i th" Musli&s ar" &ostly 2nsari, !"li, Dho*i, an# a f"$ Sh"ikhs) !h" Jats of Fut*i tol# a &"&*"r of our t"a& that th"y ha# &a#" r" "at"# att"& ts to g"t th" Musli&s to r"turn to th" (illag", so&"thing that Fut*i r"fug""s #"ny, a##ing furth"r that th"y #o not $ant to go *a'k) Jats say that D"(in#"r Singh ( ra#han ati) (isit"# th" 'a& s, $hi'h Fut*i Musli&s #"ny) In fa't, th"ir 'o& laint is that $h"n a''us"# lik" D"(in#"r an# Ba*loo ha(" not *""n arr"st"# ho$ 'an th"y think of going *a'kO !h" aff"'t"# Musli&s tol# us that only t$o Jats a&ong all thos" $ho $"r" a''us"# ar" in jail??Fan$ar Pal an# Jogin#"r) Fut*i Jats sai# that Musli&s $"r" r"fusing to r"turn larg"ly *"'aus" of th" Rs)> lakh 'o& "nsation announ'"# *y
1( > 6 a g e

th" stat" for thos" $ho lost a fa&ily &"&*"r in th" (iol"n'" an# #o not $ish to r"turn) !h" Fut*i Jats say that in th" DIRs r"gist"r"# aft"r S" t"&*"r A, "("n Jats $ho $"r" not in th" (illag" or ar" +too ol#, to fight $"r" also fals"ly na&"#) Dor "@a& l", th"y *rought t$o lo'al &"n $ho say th"y ar" in th"ir "ighti"s an# ha(" *""n na&"# in th" DIRs for &ur#"r) !h"s" t$o sai# th"y ha# r"tir"# 0/ y"ars "arli"r, an# +'oul# not ossi*ly, ha(" atta'k"# anyon") !h"y laugh"# off th" in'i#"nt of S" t"&*"r A as $"ll as th" 'as"s r"gist"r"# against th"&) So&" of th" Musli&s of ;ut*a?Fut*i k" t li("sto'k, $hi'h th"y ha(" no$ hous"# in r"lati("s= ho&"s) So&" oth"rs $"nt $ith th" oli'" to th"ir ho&"s, *rought *a'k th" *"longings l"ft an# sol# ani&als to r"lati("s in unaff"'t"# (illag"s) !h"y also 'it"# th" na&" of Sanj""( Baliyan (not th" ka*a##i t"a'h"r at Faka#a (illag"), 'onsi#"r"# to *" th" BJP=s 'an#i#at" in th" forth'o&ing Gok Sa*ha "l"'tions, as a&ong thos" $ho arti'i at"# in th" (iol"n'") 2&ong thos" $ho ar" #is la'"# ar" ;ut*a r"si#"nt Maul(i Qas""n (h" ha# a .0 roo&"# hous" in on" *igha lan#, an# . *igha far&lan#M ro "rty $orth aroun# Rs >/ lakh), Moh# 4anif, $ho o$n"# a t$o?stor"y hous" an# ro "rty $orth RsC/ lakh< I&ran sBo Shah*""r, $ho ha# t"n hous"s &a#" in littl" l"ss than >// yar#s, I##u sBo Rah&at, $ho o$n"# a hous" an# 9 *igha far&lan#, I&ran (sBo Shah*""r ha# t$o *igha far& lan# an# also Qaku*, Na$a*, Qa&in an# Fayya& "a'h ha# a hous" an# . *igha far&lan#)

$he exodus of #uslims from 'akada village:


2noth"r (illag" $h"r" anti?Musli& (iol"n'" took la'" is Faka#a, $hi'h this t"a& (isit"# on No("&*"r 8 "("ning) In Faka#a, (illag" "l#"rs got tog"th"r on th" "("ning of S" t"&*"r 8 an# a "al"# for "a'") D"s it" this, Musli&s $"r" s"("r"ly ston"# *y th" Faka#a Jats, for'ing th"& all to fl"" th" (illag") So&" of th"& ar" still r"fug""s at Shah ur 7a& No 0) -n" $o&an sai# that it $as th" ra#han of th" (illag" $ho 'all"# in th" oli'" for assistan'" $h"n th" atta'ks *"gan) -n th" $ay to Faka#a, th" t"a& &"t a Jat s'hool t"a'h"r t"a'hing Fa**a#i to .> stu#"nts) 4" $as Sanj""( Baliyan, h"a# t"a'h"r at th" ri&ary s'hool at Dinka ur an# also t"a'hing in Faka#a) 4" attri*ut"# th" riots to atta'ks *y Musli&s on th" ro'"ssions l"a(ing th" Pan'hayat on S" t"&*"r 9) 4" attri*ut"# th" atta'k *y Jats of Baliyan Fha in Faka#a on Musli&s to th" Pur Baliyan in'i#"nt) 4" f""ls as a r"sult of th"s" riots "("ryon" is soli#ly *"hin# BJP, + %eh hai 2&it Shah ka &adoo., (!his is th" &agi' of 2&it Shah, th" BJP in?'harg" of UP)) 4" f""ls Musli&s $ant to out*r""# 4in#us) 4" stat"# that $h"n th"y $"r" in &ajority, th"y first $ant"# Pakistan, no$ +th"y $ant an in#" "n#"nt Fash&ir an# ha(" #ri("n out all 4in#us, an# that th" sa&" thing $ill ha "n h"r" in a f"$ y"ars) Sanj""( Baliyan also infor&"# us that th" Pra#han of Sora& (illag" ha# &o*ili%"# &"n an# so&" Jat *oys for th" Maha an'hayat that $as h"l# on S" t"&*"r 9) 2''or#ing to hi& th" atta'ks on th" Jats at #iff"r"nt la'"s $hil" th"y $"r" r"turning fro& th" Maha an'hayat at Nangla Man#aur $as th" &ain trigg"r for th" riots)
1) > 6 a g e

!his 'hain of "("nts, in'lu#ing th" atta'ks on Musli&s at ;ut*a?Fut*i $"r" unr"lat"# to th" in'i#"nt at Fa(al) !h" "("nts ha# &or" to #o $ith th" #"ath of Jats fro& Faka#a in th" atta'k at Pur Baliyan, rath"r than th" &u'h? ro agat"# issu" of +bahu beti izzat,) Sanj""( Baliyan also 'lai&"# that at Joli 'anal *ri#g", + "o l" in Musli& #r"ss, ha# atta'k"# Jats $ith auto&ati' $"a ons $hi'h r"sult"# in si@ #"aths) !h" oli'" ho$"("r #"ni"# that th"r" ha# *""n any us" of auto&ati' $"a ons) Sanj""( Baliyan 'onn"'t"# th" situation in Mu%affarnagar an# Sha&li +on" hun#r"# "r'"nt, $ith 2&it Shah=s touring th" ar"a through th" su&&"r &onths r"'""#ing th" (iol"n'" of S" t"&*"r) 4" ru"# Mulaya& Singh=s &""ting $ith 2shok Singhal in Gu'kno$ in lat" 2ugust an#, in his (i"$, it $as th" 7ongr"ss that $as *"n"fitting fro& th" rioting) -ut of th" four #"aths r" ort"# fro& Faka#a, $" 'oul# 'onfir& th" #"ath of at l"ast on" ol# &an $ho ha# sustain"# h"a# injury that night at Pur Baliyan) Si@ty fi(" y"ar ol# Mah"n#"r #i"# on S" t"&*"r .. at M""rut hos ital) !his $as fro& his ost?&ort"& r" ort that $as o*tain"# *y us) In Faka#a (illag", th" t"a& foun# Musli& hous"s #"s"rt"#) So&" "l#"rs took us aroun#, $ith a 'ro$# of young &"n follo$ing) !h" latt"r all"g"# that th" Musli&s ha# l"ft of th"ir o$n, tak"n a$ay (alua*l"s an# $"r" no$ *la&ing th" Jats for th"ir loss"s) !h"ir int"ntion is to 'lai& &or" oss"ssions than th"y ha# (+if th"y ha# t$o 'o$s, th"y say four to g"t &or" 'o& "nsation,)) !h" hous"s that th" t"a& sa$ ar" un last"r"# *ri'k hous"s, so&" $ith a s"'on# stor"y) So&" of th" hous"s *or" signs of fir") -n" t"a& &"&*"r, $ho ha# s""n th" ar"a four #ays "arli"r, foun# th" hous"s &or" #a&ag"# no$ $ith *rok"n *oun#ary $alls an# "(i#"n'" of fir"s "t') !h" Jat (illag"rs &aintain that Musli&s s"t fir" to th"ir o$n ho&"s as th"y $"r" lur"# *y th" 'o& "nsation that th" go("rn&"nt ha# announ'"# for th"&) 4o$"("r, on" u''a Musli& hous" at th" "n# of th" (illag" $as foun# lo'k"# an# inta't an# th" Jats argu"# that if th"y ha# in#""# #"stroy"# th" Musli& hous"s th"n $hy not this on" tooO In Faka#a (illag" th" young "o l" an# so&" $o&"n $"r" noti'"a*ly hostil", a''using th" t"a& of fa(ouring Musli&s an# *"ing int"r"st"# only in Musli& hous"s *ut th"y #i# not r" ort any har& in th" (illag"s to Jats or th"ir hous"s) -f th" Musli&s $ho "s'a "# fro& Faka#a an# ar" li(ing in Shah ur 7a& No 0, a $o&an sai# that th" &osIu" in Faka#a ha# *""n *urnt) Sh" says Jats an# oth"rs start"# stoning th"&, an# sai# that "("n *"for" th" (iol"n'" took la'" th" (illag" $as rif" $ith talk a*out ho$ +all 4in#us ha(" *"'o&" on",) 3h"n sh" r"turn"# $ith oli'" to i'k u h"r *"longings th"y $"r" foun# &issing, stol"n) !h" oli'" fil"# an DIR for th"ft, *ut #i# not agr"" to na&" so&" of th" "o l" sh" ha# i#"ntifi"#) -n" girl $ho $as r"s"nt at th" 'a& $as a 'lass 9 stu#"nt of th" :o("rn&"nt S'hool at Faka#a) 4"r fath"r=s furnitur" sho in th" (illag" $as *urnt) !h"r" $"r" a 'ou l" of &"n $ho sai# that $h"n th"y $"nt to th" (illag" $ith th" oli'", non" of th" ol#"r lan#?o$ning Jats tri"# to sto th"&, *ut th"y $"r" fright"n"# *y th" Jat youngst"rs) !h"y sai# if th" ra#han, Ra(in#"r Singh, ha# +assur"# us, $" $oul# ha(" gon" *a'k,) !h"s" #is la'"# Musli&s ar" lan#l"ss an#
1+ > 6 a g e

ha# $ork"# for lan#"# Jats) 2noth"r $o&"n fro& Saifi (*la'ks&ith) 'o&&unity of th" (illag" sai# that th" 1/?1> fa&ili"s of th" *la'ks&ith 'o&&unity $oul# not go *a'k) R"f"rring to th" 'ontinuing "rs"'ution th"s" "o l" tol# us that so&"on" ha# s"t fir" to sugar'an" fi"l#s of th" Jats ( ro*a*ly n"ar Bassi Falan) an# th" oli'" ha# i'k"# u thr"" *oys fro& th" 'a& $ho $"r" totally inno'"nt)

Discussion with Ravinder Baliyan, Pradhan of Kakada


!h" t"a& ha# a long talk $ith Ra(in#"r Baliyan, Pra#han of Faka#a at his r"si#"n'") 4" sai# aft"r th" (iol"n'" of ;ut*a?Fut*i on S" t"&*"r A, Musli&s &"t hi& an# h" $"nt to th" 'a& s at Mu%affarnagar an# at Shah ur) 4" 'lai&"# to ha(" assur"# thos" at th" 'a& s that6 +If you $ant to li(" in th" (illag" $" $ill "nsur" that you 'an r"turn an# stay $ith all s"'urity), Mr Baliyan agr""# that Musli&s fl"# *"'aus" of f"ar6 +It is #"finit" th"r" is t"rror in th" ar"a), !h" ra#han str"ss"# that th"r" ha# *""n no in'i#"nt of (iol"n'" against Musli&s at Faka#a) 4" tol# us that th" Musli& o ulation in th" (illag" $as aroun# 0>// (+th"r" $"r" a ro@i&at"ly 0/// Musli&s (ot"s in th" (illag" fro& .E> fa&ili"s,)) Ra(in#"r ra#han f"lt that th" 'a& s ha# 'r"at"# a "r'" tion that Musli&s ar" *"tt"r off $h"n th"y stay a&ong Musli&s< s"'on#ly th" fr"" rations "t' th"y got at th" 'a& s also 'on(in'"# th"& to stay on) !hough h" agr""# that Musli&s 'oul# *" afrai#, h" also a''us"# that sin'" th" go("rn&"nt announ'"# th" Rs)> Gakh 'o& "nsation th"y ha# *""n o("r'o&" *y gr""#) !his, h" sai#, $as th" &ain r"ason th"y $"r" not r"turning to th"ir ho&"s) 4" 'o& lain"# that stat"Ps s"r(i'"s an# *"n"fits ('on'"ssions) ar" all for Musli&s an# that th" 'a& s $ill h"l th" 7ongr"ss an# th" SP 'onsoli#at" th"ir (ot" *ank) 2''or#ing to th" ra#han, Jats ar" no long"r just anoth"r 'ast" a&ong oth"rs in UP6 +If th"y ar" Musli&, $" too ar" 4in#u), In his long talk, h" k" t r"it"rating his "r'" tion that Musli&s ar" g"tting &or" than oth"rs fro& th" stat") Dor "@a& l", h" sai# that th" *"n"fits of Janani Suraksha Qojna shoul# not *" "@t"n#"# *"yon# t$o 'hil#r"n, $hi'h only "n'ourag"s larg"r fa&ili"s, "s "'ially a&ong Musli&s) !h" go("rn&"nt=s &o(" to off"r finan'ial ai# of u to Rs)0 lakh to th" #is la'"# fa&ili"s for th" &arriag" of girls ha# "n'ourag"# ("ry young girls *"ing &arri"# off in or#"r to 'lai& this &on"y) In his o inion th" &a#arsas shoul# *" 'los"# in fa(our of go("rn&"nt s'hools) Both 4in#us an# Musli&s shoul# ha(" "Iual right on $hat th" stat" han#s out, an# that "@tr"&is& is ro agat"# *y th" go("rn&"nt=s un"Iual tr"at&"nt, h" stat"#) Sur risingly, in th" &i##l" of his oth"r o inions, h" ass"rt"# that *oth 4in#us an# Musli&s in this r"gion ar" art of Doa* 'ultur" an# that this 'ultur" is *"ing s oilt *y oliti's) But h" Iui'kly r"("rt"# to his fa(or"# th"&"6 +If th"r" ar" atta'ks on 4in#us, th" go("rn&"nt tak"s no a'tion) Sonia :an#hi an# Man&ohan Singh shoul# not ha(" gon" to Musli& r"li"f 'a& s alon" *ut shoul# ha(" (isit"# th" *"r"a("# fa&ili"s at Faka#a an# oth"r (illag"s), 4is oth"r 'o& laint against Musli&s $as that th"y harass Jat girls) 4" too ass"rt"# that Musli&s #o not ra'ti'" fa&ily lanning an# ar" int"nt on out?nu&*"ring 4in#us)
1/ > 6 a g e

!h" Pra#han sai#6 +In 08A. th"r" $"r" .)> lakh Jats, $hil" no$ th"r" ar" only0)A lakh, $h"r"as Musli&s ar" C)> lakh) !h" *igg"st issu" fa'ing Jats is that th"y ar" #" "n#"nt on lan#, $hi'h th"y shoul#n=t *" an# th"y shoul# l"a(" th" ar"a), (4" i& li"s that Jats shoul# &o(" into oth"r rof"ssions)) -n *"ing r"&in#"# of th" histori' Musli&?Jat so'ial an# oliti'al allian'" *uilt *y 7hau#hary 7haran Singh, h" sai# that th" Musli&?Jat 'o&*ination "@ist"# sin'" 0890, *ut *rok" *"'aus" of th" oth"r fa'tors) -n *"ing ask"# a*out th" ossi*l" rol" of BJP in fanning th" lat"st 'o&&unal flar" u , h" sai#, +3hy *la&" BJP, $hat $rong ha(" th"y #on"O Di# th"y t"ll th" Musli&s to harass Jat girlsO,

)ther villages represented in the Camps


-f th" oth"r (illag"s r" r"s"nt"# in th" 'a& s, so&" "@ "ri"n'"s 'oul# *" r"'or#"#) In (illag" Dulh"ra, th"r" $"r" atta'ks on S" t"&*"r A an# all th" Musli&s $"r" 'has"# out *y young Jat &"n) 2&ong th" Musli& ho&"s, 9/ $"r" of +lo$"r 'ast", lan#l"ss Musli&s $hil" fi(" hous"s $"r" of lan# o$ning Mul"y Jats, all of $ho& ha# gon" *a'k as th"ir hous"s $"r" untou'h"#) !his ro*a*ly is also a r"fl"'tion of th"ir high"r so'ial osition in th" (illag" as 'o& ar"# to th" ins"'urity of th" lo$"r 'ast" Musli&s) !h" f"$ r"fug"" fa&ili"s fro& 4a#auli (illag" 'o& lain"# that th"ir (illag"=s na&" #i# not figur" in th" R"li"f an# R"ha*ilitation (RR) list) !his $as also tru" of so&" in#i(i#ual fa&ili"s fro& th" (illag"s that #i# a "ar in th" RR list) !h"s" fa&ili"s 'lai&"# that th"r" $as an at&os h"r" of t"rror #u" to "rsist"nt thr"at of ar&"# atta'ks) !h"y &"ntion"# that a 9/ y"ar ol# $o&an $as atta'k"# *y a s "ar) Lu&&a sBo D""nu J"li $as 'has"# *y a &o*, an# h" ran into his hous" $hi'h $as s"t on fir") -nly his *on"s $"r" r"'o("r"#) -ut of 1/ to 1> fa&ili"s #is la'"# t$o fa&ili"s $"r" at Bassi Falan 'a& $hil" oth"rs $"r" at Shah ur an# Goyi 'a& s) !h"s" "o l" tol# us that in Musli& &ajority (illag"s th"r" ha(" *""n no riots, no killings an# no t"& l"s $"r" #a&ag"#) !h"y infor&"# us that a&ong th" trou*l" &ak"rs, on" Raji( Prata Saini of Patta (illag" an# a su ort"r of BJP l"a#"r 4uku& Singh Qa#a( $as on" of thos" #istri*uting $"a ons in th"ir (illag")

!al# ith AI$M* leader+ *hamshad+ in Muzaffarnagar,


!h" t"a& &"t Mr) Sha&sha#, l"a#"r of th" 2ll In#ia Fisan Ma%#oor Sa*ha (2IFMS) $ho ha# *""n a&ong th" riot (i'ti&s for th" ast f"$ #ays, on No("&*"r 8) 4" $as th" "rson $ho ha# first lo'at"# th" affi#a(its that Musli&s $"r" *"ing ask"# to sign for o*taining 'o& "nsation an# in $hi'h it $as s "'ifi"# that th"y &ust gi(" u all 'lai& to i&&o(a*l" ro "rty an# n"("r go *a'k to th" (illag") 4" stat"# that th"r" $"r" 00 'a& s, all of Musli&s an# E/,/// "o l", &ostly oor Musli&s, ha# *""n #is la'"# of $ho& ./,/// $"r" in 'a& s an# oth"rs $ith r"lati("s) 2s on th" #at" of our (isit, th" go("rn&"nt ha# 'lai&"# that >/,8>> "rsons $"r" #is la'"#, of $ho& C0,/// ha# alr"a#y gon" *a'k fro& th" 'a& s an# that only 0/,/// $"r" l"ft)
11 > 6 a g e

By th" ti&" of our (isit all go("rn&"nt ro(isioning of th" 'a& s ha# sto "# an# th" 'a& s $"r" *"ing run $ith th" h"l of r"ligiousB'o&&unity organi%ations) 2''or#ing to Sha&sha# th" offi'ial #"ath figur" $as stat"# to *" >1, of $ho& C/ $"r" Musli&s an# 01 Jats) 4" also infor&"# us that of th" fi(" lakh *"ing gi("n to Musli&s as 'o& "nsation ($ith th" 'orollary that th"y $ill n"("r go *a'k to th"ir (illag"s), th" Musli& organi%ations $"r" taking Rs)./,/// #" osit to *uil# hous"s, an# that 00 *ighas of lan# ha# *""n a'Iuir"# in Bassi Falan for this ur os") It is "rtin"nt to oint out h"r" that Maulana Na%ar, an# a'ti(ist of Ja&a=at $ho& $" 'onta't"# on th" hon" off"r"# to tak" us to sit"s in Mu%affarnagar 'ity $h"r" hous"s ar" ro os"# to *" 'onstru't"# un#"r Ja&iat su "r(ision)

-urther insights into the Muzaffarnagar incidents


2s has alr"a#y *""n &"ntion"#, th" t"a& r"'"i("# h"l fro& Sh D"(#utt !yagi, th" for&"r ra#han of Fhu**a ur (illag" in "sta*lishing 'onta't $ith "o l" in Faka#a (illag") 5n rout" to Faka#a fro& Shah ur h" ro(i#"# so&" &or" (alua*l" insights into th" 'o&&unal #istur*an'"s that ha# jolt"# th" ar"a) 4is ass"ss&"nt of th" situation is that $hat"("r has ha "n"# till no$ +is a &"r" trail"r, of *igg"r (iol"n'" that is lik"ly in th" Mu%affarnagar?Sha&li *"lt $ithin th" n"@t f"$ &onths) +!his (iol"n'" to 'o&" 'an only *" sto "# *y Mo#i an# not "("n *y BJP, h" sai#) 2''or#ing to hi& th" Jat?Musli& unity 'ar("# *y 7hau#hary 7haran Singh #i"# in th" Man#al agitation of 088/ its"lf $h"n th" Jats $"r" not in'lu#"# in list of -B7s) No$ Jats f""l n"gl"'t"# oliti'ally) !h"ir so'ial osition has *""n furth"r un#"r&in"# #u" to th"ir ina*ility to 'a itali%" on "#u'ation as a tool of u $ar# &o*ility) !h"y ar" stu'k in th" sa&" jo*s lik" oli'" an# ar&y) No$ th" SP go("rn&"nt has intro#u'"# -B7 r"s"r(ation in th" oli'", sIu""%ing jo* o ortuniti"s for Jats furth"r) +So you ha(" all thos" young &"n, hanging aroun# #oing nothing, Iui'k to tak" to 'ri&", #rinking an# looting) 3" ar" s'ar"# to go out h"r" on th" roa#s aft"r #ark), 4" *"li"("s that th" "n(iron&"nt $as *"ing s oilt &u'h *"for" th" "("nts in S" t"&*"r, as "arly as Jun"?July this y"ar, an# that th" Jats ha(" *""n ar&ing th"&s"l("s) +'iza kharab ki &a rahi thi,) 4" &"ntion"# thr"" in'i#"nts in ;ut*a an# Fut*i $h"r"in Jat girls ha# "lo "# $ith Musli& *oys, t$o in July an# anoth"r in 2ugust) !h"s" in'i#"nts ha# ang"r"# th" Jats) Sh D"(#utt &"ntion"# on" in'i#"nt in #"tail) -n 2ugust A in Sohra&, on" Musli& girl $as +t"as"#, *y Jat *oys) !h" girl=s *roth"r an# oth"rs fro& th" Mul"y Jat 'o&&unity got tog"th"r an# *"at u th" *oys r"s onsi*l" for th" +"(" t"asing,) !h" off"n#"rs in'lu#"# a r"lati(" of th" Sohra& ra#han) Gat"r, th" Jats 'all"# th" P27, $ho lathi?'harg"# th" Musli&s) 2 art fro& this in'i#"nt) It a "ars that sin'" this in'i#"nt th" t"nsions *"t$""n Sohra& Jats an# th" Mulay Jats of th" (illag" k" t si&&"ring) !h" Jat Pra#han of th" (illag" also lay"# an a'ti(" rol" in th" &o*ili%ation for th" Nangla Man#aur Maha an'hayat that took la'" on Ath of S" t"&*"r) -st"nsi*ly th" Mulay Jats of Sohra& lann"# th"ir r"("ng" on th" Sohra& Pra#han at Pur Baliyan in 'olla*oration $ith th" lo'al Mulay Jats on th" "("ning of Ath S" t"&*"r)
2< > 6 a g e

!h"r" $as anoth"r in'i#"nt at Joli, $h"r" th" P27 ha# to *" 'all"#) In July an# 2ugust th"r" $"r" in'i#"nts at Mu%affarnagar rail$ay station in $hi'h Musli&s ha# *""n #ragg"# fro& trains an# hu&iliat"#) 4" furth"r stat"# that *oth Musli&s an# Jats $"r" ar&ing th"&s"l("s in anti'i ation of a *igg"r sho$#o$n in th" n"@t si@ to s"("n &onths) 4" link"# this $ith th" ./0C "l"'tions, saying that if Mo#i l"a#s BJP to (i'tory th"r" ar" 'han'"s that "a'" $oul# r"(ail, oth"r$is" th"r" $oul# *" a *loo#*ath)

Hussainpur " Mohammadpur Raisingh " site of #illings on )ctober ./,


!h" t"a& (isit"# th"s" t$in (illag"s s" arat"# *y a #istan'" of thr"" kilo&"t"rs, on th" &orning of No("&*"r 0/) 2 &""ting of 1> *ira#aris ('o&&uniti"s r" r"s"nting #iff"r"nt Jat Fha s an# oth"r 'ast"s) $as to tak" la'" that #ay at Moha&&a# ur Raisingh) !his &""ting ha# on'" again *""n 'all"# *y th" :ath$ala Fha l"# *y Ba*a 4arkishan) 2ft"r #ri(ing fro& Mu%affarnagar to th" n"ar"st to$n of Bu#hana, $h"r" th" ar&y ha# *""n 'all"# on S" t"&*"r A) $" #ro(" on rugg"#, narro$ roa#s through lush sugar'an" fi"l#s to Moha&&a# ur Raisingh)

#ohammadpur Raisingh:
2t th" "ntran'" of th" (illag" $" $itn"ss"# &any $all $ritings "Iuating 'o$ rot"'tion $ith national rot"'tion) -n "nt"ring th" (illag" $" &"t a grou of young &"n an# ask"# th"& a*out th" ("nu" of th" &""ting an# if th"y $oul# *" att"n#ing it) !h"y sho$"# us th" $ay to th" Jat s"'tion of th" (illag" an# r" li"# in th" n"gati(" a*out arti'i ation in th" &""ting as th" &""ting $as that of th" +kisans, (i)") Jats)) !h"s" youth $"r" lan#l"ss agri'ultural la*our an# *"long"# to Fashya (Fu&har 'ast")) P"o l" fro& th" oth"r 4in#u 'ast"s also sho$"# a*solut" in#iff"r"n'" to th" &""ting an# #i# not $ant to talk a*out th" in'i#"nt of th" killing of th" *oys fro& n"igh*oring 4ussain ur) !h" ("nu" of th" &""ting $as a *ig t"& l" 'o& oun#) By noon, $" 'oul# s"" so&" oli'"&"n 'o&ing to th" (illag", *ut "o l" ha# not r"a'h"# th" &""ting la'" as y"t) 3" th"n $"nt to th" 'o& oun# of th" Pra#han=s hous" $h"r" Jat ra#hans of #iff"r"nt (illag"s $"r" gath"ring) !h"r" $as 'ons"nsus a&ong th" "o l" r"s"nt h"r" r"gar#ing th" "("nts of -'to*"r 1/ ($h"n thr"" Musli& *oys of th" n"igh*oring 4ussain ur (illag" ha# *""n kill"# in Moha&&a# ur Raisingh)) !h"ir ("rsion $as 'o& l"t"ly #i("rg"nt to th" ("rsion $" lat"r got fro& 4ussain ur r"si#"nts) !h" story at Moha&&a# ur Raisingh $as that an "@?ar&y Jat, Raj"n#ra Singh fro& Moha&&a# ur, $as $orking in his fi"l#s in th" "("ning as art of a a't *"t$""n th" t$o (illag"s to $ork on th"ir fi"l#s at #iff"r"nt oints of th" #ay) 4" $as *rutally atta'k"# *y Musli&s fro& 4ussain ur, a''or#ing to th" Jats of Moha&&a# ur Raisingh) 2lthough *a#ly $oun#"#, Raj"n#ra Singh so&"ho$ "s'a "# an# r"turn"# to th" (illag") 2ft"r this, aroun# 0. Jats fro& th" (illag" a''o& ani"# hi& an# 'has"# th" *oys $ho $"r" all"g"# to ha(" atta'k"# hi&) 2 fight "nsu"# an# in th" 'ours" of this fight, th" P27 all"g"#ly shot th" thr"" Musli&
21 > 6 a g e

*oys) !h" Jats also talk"# a*out Shah ur an# ho$ Musli&s in thos" 'a& s ar" in#ulging in loot an# ra& ag") !h" (arious ra#hans an# sar an'hs of Jats fro& (illag"s a'ross Mu%affarnagar an# Sha&li #istri'ts in'lu#"# th" fath"rs of Sa'hin an# :aura( (th" t$o Jat *oys kill"# at Fa(al) gath"r"# at th" Moha&&a# ur Raisingh ra#han=s 'o& oun#) !h"y "@ lain"# $hy th" Fha has *""n 'all"# that #ay) +!h" P27 has or#"rs to l"t anyon" $ho #i"s, #i") 3h"th"r th" go("rn&"nt says it or not, it 'ar"s only for a*out .> 'ror" (Musli&s)) !h" #ay *"for" y"st"r#ay, 4in#us $"r" atta'k"# at Shah ur) !h" &"ssag" is 'l"ar6 3" &ust rot"'t ours"l("s), !h" $if" of th" ra#han of Moha&&a# ur 'orro*orat"# th" killing of th" *oys fro& 4ussain ur an# "@ r"ss"# sur ris" o("r th" au#a'ity of th" atta'k"rs $ho, aft"r injuring th" ar&y &an Rajin#"r Singh, #i# not run a$ay *ut r"&ain"# th"r") 2noth"r ra#han tol# us that so&" goons 'a&" an# *"at u th" ar&y &an an# th"r" $as firing fro& *oth si#"s in $hi'h th" Musli&s got kill"#) During th" an'hayat ro'""#ings, in#ignation $as "@ r"ss"# that th" SP (su "rint"n#"nt of oli'") "nt"r"# th" (illag" an# took Raj"n#"r Singh a$ay un#"r r"t"@t of &"#i'al "@a&ination *ut arr"st"# hi& un#"r S"' 1/.) !h"y sa$ this as a(i#"n'" of th" +'ons ira'y, against th" Jats) !h"y sai# that Raj"n#"r Singh $as 9/ y"ars ol#) -n" of th" s "ak"rs stat"# that h" ha# 'all"# HBa*aji= (Ba*a 4arkishan) an# .///?1/// "o l" ha# 'oll"'t"# in Moha&&a# ur Raisingh in r"s ons", on th" night of -'to*"r 1/) +3" k" t our 'as" *ut inst"a# of justi'" $" only got arr"st"#), !h"y ask"# $h"th"r oli'" foun# "("n on" $"a on in this (illag", *ut at th" sa&" ti&" "@ r"ss"# a grous" that th" S4- +took a$ay our 7hina istols,) V"ry f"$ young Jat &"n 'oul# *" s""n in this (illag") 3" lat"r l"arn"# that th"y ha# *""n s"nt off to r"lati("s= ho&"s in n"igh*ouring #istri'ts, in anti'i ation of arr"sts r"lat"# to th" killing of Musli& *oys fro& 4ussain ur (illag") !h" t"a& &"t th" fath"rs of th" t$o Jat *oys kill"# in Fa(al) !h" ra#han $ho intro#u'"# th"s" &"n sai#, +Both of th"& ha(" lost th"ir only sons, $h"r"as th" Musli& youth th"y fought $ith $as on" of th" nin" 'hil#r"n in his fa&ily< so it #o"snPt &att"r to th"&), It is not tru" that Sa'hin an# :aura( $"r" *oth only sons)

he 3! biradari "anchayat#
2 'ro$# of o("r 1>/ 'o& rising &ainly th" Fha l"a#"rs, Jat (illag" ra#hans, l"a#"rs of so&" oth"r 'ast"s su'h as th" Brah&ins, !hakurs an# :ujjars an# so&" of th"ir su ort"rs ha# ass"&*l"# for th" an'hayat at Moha&&a# ur Raisingh) !h"y 'a&" fro& #iff"r"nt (illag"s of Mu%affarnagar, Sha&li an# oth"r #istri'ts of $"st"rn UP, as also fro& 4aryana) !h"r" $"r" aroun# 0> oli'"&"n $ith thr"" ("hi'l"s an# t$o to thr"" offi'"rs $ho k" t a $at'h fro& outsi#" $hil" on" lain'loth"s &an sat insi#" th" hall) !h" Fha &""ting took la'" in th" hall of a Shi(a t"& l" in th" (illag") !h" Fha &"&*"rs, $ith th"ir s l"n#i# tur*ans, $"r" r"#o&inantly &i##l" ag"# an# ol# &"n) 2 f"$ young Jats $"r" h"l ing $ith th" arrang"&"nts) 3hil" th" ro&in"nt l"a#"rs sat on th" &ak"shift #ias in th" front, th" r"st of th" 'ro$# sat on th" floor)
22 > 6 a g e

!h" Fha &""ting $as r"si#"# o("r *y Ba*a 4arkishan Singh, th" 'hi"f of :ath$ala Fha (r" ort"#ly .9 'as"s ar" "n#ing against hi& in'lu#ing on" of gang ra ")) !h" oth"rs r"s"nt in'lu#"# Nar"sh !ikait of th" Baliyan kha an# a l"a#"r of Bhartiya Fisan Union (BFU), Durga Mal (fro& Bains$al, on" of th" (illag"s *a#ly aff"'t"# *y th" (iol"n'"), U#ai(ir Singh ((illag" P"lkha, Gathiyan Fha ), !hakur (Fush$aha Fha ), Mang" Ra&, Fha&*" Gal (Baliyan Fha ), U#ha& Singh (Balola) an# s"("ral oth"rs $hos" na&"s 'oul# not *" not"# #o$n) !h" g"n"ral "& hasis of th" s ""'h"s #"li("r"# (""r"# aroun# th" sa&" th"&"s that ha# "&"rg"# fro& in#i(i#ual int"r(i"$s of #iff"r"nt Jats &"ntion"# a*o("6 !hat Musli&s ar" not r"turning to (illag"s #u" to th" gr""# of 'o& "nsation< that Jats ar" *"ing su*j"'t"# to injusti'"< a*out ho$ atrioti' Jats ar" an# that th"y 'an=t 'o& ro&is" $ith s"lf?r"s "'t "s "'ially if th" issu" of bahu, beti an# izzat is in(ol("#) !h" intro#u'tory s ""'h *y th" r" r"s"ntati(" of Moha&&a# ur Raisingh *"gan *y saying, +!h" go("rn&"nt is trying to #i(i#" th" Jats an# !hakurs *y &"ntioning th"& as s" arat" 'o&&uniti"s) !h"y ar" trying to isolat" us) It is a 'ons ira'y of th" go("rn&"nt), !h"y sai# that a 'l"ar &"ssag" has to *" gi("n to Musli&s an# th" go("rn&"nt through a sho$ of str"ngth) !h"y all"g"# that th" go("rn&"nt is in#ulging in + ektar"a karyawahi, (on" si#"# a'tion) *y ro(i#ing 'o& "nsation to th" Musli&s an# arr"sting only th" Jats in fals" 'as"s) !h" an'hayat r"sol("# to $ag" a #"'isi(" $ar against this) !h"y $ant"# all 'as"s fil"# to *" $ith#ra$n an# 'all"# for a #ay=s hartal on No("&*"r 0>, to 'oin'i#" $ith Moharra&) It $as ("ry 'l"ar th"y $ant"# to u th" ant") -n" of th" s "ak"rs sai# (an# this $" ha# oft"n h"ar# fro& ro Jat o inions) that aft"r th" Fa(al in'i#"nt, th" Musli&s r"s onsi*l" for th" killings $"r" 'aught at th" insist"n'" of th" th"n DM an# SP) 4o$"("r, th"y $"r" r"l"as"# th" ("ry n"@t #ay at th" *"h"st of th" Sa&aj$a#i Party Minist"r 2%a& Fhan) Both th" DM an# SP $"r" instantly transf"rr"#) !h"y argu"# that if this ha# not ha "n"# th"r" $oul# not ha(" *""n so &u'h &ayh"&) 7o&&"nting on th" g"n"ral talk of BJP *"ing *"hin# th" riots, on" of th" s "ak"rs ask"# if +BJP ha# tol# Musli& *oys to t"as" Jat girls or kill th" *roth"rs $ho #"f"n#"# h"rO, Many oth"rs #"f"n#"# th" BJP) It &ust ho$"("r *" &"ntion"# that at l"ast so&" of th" "l#"rly s "ak"rs at th" &""ting ask"# for r"straint an# a'tion that $ill r"stor" "a'" an# nor&al'y in th" ar"a) In th" infor&al 'on("rsation at th" (illag" ra#han=s hous", on" of th" ra#hansMPh"ru Pra#han Mtol# us that th" (illag" Moha&&a# ur Raisingh is surroun#"# *y Musli&s $ho ha# #"stroy"# tu*"$"lls 'ausing finan'ial loss"s to th" tun" of lakhs) 2t th" an'hayat, th" Musli&s of 4ussain ur (illag" $"r" a''us"# of taking o("r for"st #" art&"nt lan# an# 'r"ating r"si#"ntial lots th"r") !h"y sai#6 th"y ha(" no $"a ons no$ that th" oli'" has tak"n a$ay th"ir li'"ns"# ar&s, an# no &"ans of +#"f"n#ing ours"l("s,) !h"y sai# that this has "&*ol#"n"# th" Musli&s $ho $"r" r"sorting to ro(o'ati(" a'ti(iti"s lik" *urning th"ir sugar'an" fi"l#s) (-n No("&*"r .8, th" :ath$ala Fha h"a# Ba*a 4arkishan=s sugar'an" fi"l#s $"r" r" ort"# as ha(ing *""n *urn"#, at a ti&" $h"n th" sugar'an" agitation *y Jat far&"rs $as at a high it'h))

2! > 6 a g e

!h" t"a& s ok" to th" ar&"# oli'" offi'"rs stan#ing outsi#" th" hall) -n *"ing ask"# as to ho$ th" &""ting 'all"# *y th" Fha s is *"ing allo$"# as s"'tion 0CC is in for'" in th" ar"a, th" oli'" offi'"r sai# that this is a so'ial ro*l"& as $"ll an# 'annot *" just ta'kl"# *y la$ an# or#"r &a'hin"ry) Mor"o("r, th" la'" of gath"ring $as a ri(at" on") !h"y sai# as *oth si#"s $"r" *la&ing th" oli'", th" oli'" &ust ha(" #on" so&"thing right) !h" offi'"r la&"nt"# that th" oli'" for'"s $"r" not "nough to ta'kl" th" situation) 4" also a#&itt"# th" fa't that th"r" $as a s"("r" un#"r?r" r"s"ntation of Musli&s, $ho for&"# only a*out four "r '"nt of th" oli'" for'") 4" a#&itt"# that oli'" ha# s"i%"# all th" li'"ns"# $"a ons in th" ar"a, *ut sai# this $as th" stan#ar# ro'"#ur" in riot situations) !h" fa't of th" &att"r is that th"r" $"r" &or" Jats $ho ha# li'"ns"# $"a ons an# thus th"y ar" saying th"y ha(" *""n s"l"'ti("ly #isar&"#)

Conversation at (ussainpur village:


Dro& Moha&&a# ur Raisingh th" t"a& &o("# to th" a#joining 4ussain ur (illag") 4ussain ur has a &i@"# o ulation 'o& rising of a*out 1/// Musli&s an# ./// 4in#us of $ho& 9// ar" #alits) !h"r" ar" no Jats in this (illag") !h" 'o& osition 'onsists larg"ly of 'ast"s lik" th" Mul"y Jats, Sh"ikhs, Sayya#s, DaIirs, !"lis, Brah&ins an# Banias) 3" $"r" tol# that all hous"hol#s in this (illag" ha# so&" lan#, in'lu#ing th" Musli&s) Not only has th"r" *""n no (iol"n'" in this (illag", *ut aft"r th" Fa(al in'i#"nt th" (illag"rs k" t a (igil at nights *y for&ing 'o& osit" t"a&s in'lu#ing all 'o&&uniti"s) No #a&ag" $as r" ort"# to th" t"& l" or to any of th" 4in#u hous"s in th" (illag") 2t th" ti&" of th" (isit th"r" $"r" so&" .C// Musli& r"fug""s fro& Moha&&a# ur Raisingh $ho $"r" li(ing in th" r"li"f 'a& at 4ussain ur (illag") !h"r" ha# *""n r"fug""s fro& oth"r (illag"s su'h as Fh"#i :ani $ho& th"ir Jat 'o?(illag"rs ha# *rought h"r" for saf"ty at th" "ak of 'o&&unal (iol"n'", *ut th"y ha# sin'" r"turn"# to th"ir (illag"s un#"r th" rot"'tion of th"ir Jat 'o?(illag"rs) !h" Pr"si#"nt of th" 2&an 7o&&itt""of th" (illag", Maulana I&ran, infor&"# us that th" Moha&&a# ur "o l" $"r" insisting that r"fug""s fro& th"ir (illag" *" oust"# fro& 4ussain ur) In (i"$ of th" r"(ailing 'o&&unal t"nsion, a tru'" $as r"a'h"# *"t$""n (illag"rs of th" t$o (illag"s a*out $ork ti&ing on th" fi"l#s that li" *"t$""n th" t$o (illag"s) !h" "o l" of Moha&&a# ur $oul# $ork in th" for"noon an# thos" of 4ussain ur in th" aft"rnoon to a(oi# any ossi*l" 'onfli't in th" r"(ailing t"ns" at&os h"r") !h" Musli& fa&ili"s of 4ussain ur #"ni"# that th"r" $as any ,in'i#"nt, in(ol(ing Raj"n#"r Singh th" r"tir"# ar&y &an fro& Moha&&a# ur) !h" t"a& &"t .9 y"ars ol# Faish Fhan sBo 2*rar Fhan an# .E y"ars ol# Shah 2la& sBo Muna$$ar Fhan, sur(i(ors of th" &ur#"rous atta'k *y Jats on -'to*"r 1/) Shah 2la&=s *roth"r $as kill"# in th" atta'k) !h"s" sur(i(ors infor&"# us that th"y $"nt to Faish Fhan=s 'ha'ha=s (fath"r=s *roth"r=s) fi"l# to 'ut so&" fr"sh fo##"r at C61/ & on -'to*"r 1/) 3ith th"& $"r" thr"" oth"r youth??2&ro% Fhan sBo Fhasr""n Fhan (.. y"ars), M"h"r*an sBo 2*a# Fhan (.A yrs) an# 2j&al Fhan sBo 2n""s Fhan (.. yrs))

2$ > 6 a g e

-f th" fi(", M"h"r*an an# 2j&al $"r" long?#istan'" tru'k #ri("rs $ho ha# r"turn"# to th"ir (illag" for a holi#ay) Shah 2la& an# Faish Fhan $"r" 'utting grass $hil" th" oth"r thr"" $"r" hanging aroun# 'hatting, 'h"$ing sugar'an") Su##"nly th"s" &"n h"ar# so&" nois"s 'o&ing fro& a #istan'" an# th"n sa$ a 'ro$# of aroun# .>?1/ "o l" $ho 'a&" fro& th" si#" of Moha&&a# ur Raisingh) !h"s" &"n $"r" shouting ro(o'ati(" anti?Musli& slogans an# soon o("r o$"r"# th" fi(" &"n fro& 4ussain ur) !h" &"n 'o&ing fro& th" si#" of Moha&&a# ur Raisingh $"r" 'arrying s$or#s, kni("s, s "ars, si'kl"s, farsa (a@") rifl"s an# sti'ks) !h"y 'aught hol# of th" fi(" &"n fro& 4ussain ur an# start"# *"ating th"& u *rutally) -f th"s" &"n fro& Moha&&a# ur, Faish Fhan an# Shah 2la& sai# th"y 'oul# r"'ogni%" 0E) !h"y "s'a "# ali(" *y &anaging to fr"" th"&s"l("s fro& th" 'a tors an# th"n hi# in th" sugar'an" fi"l#s) !h" oth"r thr"" youthK2&ro% Fhan, M"har*an an# 2j&al Fhan $"r" #ragg"# a$ay *y th" &o*) Faish Fhan an# Shah 2la& infor&"# us that th"r" $as no P27 r"s"nt $hil" this in'i#"nt took la'") !ha Jats of Moha&&&"# ur ha# tol# us that th" thr"" young &"n ha# *""n kill"# *y P27 firing) !h"s" t$o &"n $ho ha# &anag"# to fl"" rang u th"ir un'l" Shahna$a% (th" ra#han of 4ussain ur (illag") $hil" hi#ing in th" sugar'an" fi"l#) !h" ra#han k" t 'alling th" S4- of Bhaura Falan oli'" station for h"l ) 4is 'alls, ho$"("r, $"nt unatt"n#"#) Gat"r, on th" *asis of th" 'all r"'or#s, th" S4- of Bhaura Falan PS $as sus "n#"# for #"r"li'tion of #uty) M"an$hil", th" (illag"rs of 4ussain ur $"nt to th" fi"l# at night an# r"s'u"# th" (t$o stran#"#O) *oys) 2''or#ing to th" "o l" at 4ussain ur, th"y r"'"i("# th" *o#i"s of th" thr"" youth lat" n"@t night) 3" $"r" tol# that th" *o#i"s $"r" *a#ly &utilat"# an# *or" signs of s"("r" *"ating) !h"y ha# also *""n shot) !his $as also 'onfir&"# *y th" ost&ort"& r" orts of th" thr"" &"n that $"r" ro'ur"# *y th" t"a&) 2s "r th" ost?&ort"& r" orts th" *o#i"s ha(" on" gunshot $oun# "a'h, though it is not kno$n if th" *ull"ts ha(" *""n s"nt for furth"r *allisti' t"sts, to as'"rtain th" natur" of th" $"a on) !h" ost &ort"& of th" thr"" *oys $as 'on#u't"# on 10)0/)01 at 16>/ 2M, C61/ 2M an# >60> 2M i)") in th" "arly hours of -'to*"r 10) In all thr"" r" orts, it is r"'or#"# that rigor &ortis ha# #"("lo "# in th" u "r art of th" *o#y an# $as #"("lo ing in lo$"r art) 2ll thr"" ost &ort"&s ha(" r"'or#"# th" 'aus" of #"ath as sho'k an# *loo# loss #u" to ant"?&ort"& injuri"s) 3hil" fir"ar& injuri"s ar" r"'or#"# in ost?&ort"&s in th" 'as" of 2j&al, th" ost&ort"& r"'or#s +-n" &"talli' *ull"t r"'o("r"# fro& a*#o&inal 'a(ity an# s"al"# an# han#"# o("r to 'onsta*l"), !h" 'onsta*l"s $"r" Fa il Fu&ar an# Sat"n#ra Fu&ar (88E an# 1EE) of Fot$ali thana) -f th" si@t""n "o l" i#"ntifi"# (all Jats), nin" ha(" *""n arr"st"# $hil" s"("n ar" still fr"") !hos" not arr"st"# y"t in'lu#" 4ar*ir, 4ar"n#"r, Sansar al an# Mang" Ra&) 4ussain ur Musli&s sai# this $as not a 4in#u?Musli& fight *ut $as #u" to th" +goon#as, n"@t #oor in Moha&&a# ur Raisingh) So&" 'all"# it a +Jat?Musli&, Iuarr"l) !h" t$o 4in#us sitting aroun# $ith us at 4ussain ur agr""#) -n" a&ong th"& $as on th" 2&an 7o&&itt"" of th" (illag")
2( > 6 a g e

!h" (illag"rs at 4ussain ur sai# that Musli&s fro& so&" of th" n"ar*y (illag"s $ho ha# tak"n sh"lt"r in th"ir (illag" at th" ti&" of h"ight"n"# t"nsion in th" #istri't ha# r"turn"# to th"ir (illag"s) !h" Jats of th"s" (illag"s ha# th"&s"l("s tak"n th" r"s onsi*ility of th" s"'urity of th"s" Musli&s) 4o$"("r, th" Musli&s fro& Moha&&a# ur Raisingh #i# not $ant to go *a'k *"'aus" th"y f""l that on'" th"y go *a'k th"y shall *" r"ssuri%"# to $ith#ra$ 'as"s against thos" Jats $ho stan# a''us"# of th" (iol"n'" against th"&, or th" 'as"s 'oul# *" 'los"#) 2 ar"ntly, th"r" ar" 0E 'as"s against i#"ntifi"# "rsons an# 0/ against unna&"# "rsons) R"si#"nts of 4ussain ur rou#ly sai# that th"r" ha# n"("r *""n any 'o&&unal t"nsion th"r", not in 08C9 or in 088. in th" aft"r&ath of #"&olition of Ba*ri Masji#) !h"y sai# that all (illag"s, "@'" t thos" #o&inat"# *y Jats, ha(" 2&an 'o&&itt""s) !h"y $"r" "Iually "& hati' that if anyon" of th"ir r"ligious l"a#"rs took any osition on th"ir *"half, $ithout 'onsulting th"&, th"y $oul# r"j"'t it) Faish Fhan sai#, an# th" oth"rs agr""#, that th"r" ar" goo# Jats as $"ll *ut so&"ho$ all trou*l"s ha(" *""n in Jat #o&inat"# (illag"s alon") Jat aggr"ssion, "s "'ially against Musli&s, is a fa't of "("ry#ay lif" in th" ar"a) Most of th" 4ussain ur "o l" say th" Moha&&a# ur Raisingh Jats r"s"nt th" r"lati(" so'io? "'ono&i' su''"ss of Musli&s h"r") Many of th" lo'al Musli&s ar" $orking outsi#" th" #istri't in D"lhi, Jai ur, Mo#inagar an# oth"r arts) !h"y s"n# &on"y *a'k ho&") Many Musli& fa&ili"s ha(" a##"# on" &or" roo&, on" &or" floor to th"ir hous"s) !h" Pra#han of 4ussain ur has *ought A *ighas of agri'ultural lan# fro& a Jat, as ha(" a 'ou l" of oth"r Musli&s r"s"nt th"r") !his is #"" ly r"s"nt"# *y th" Jats) !h" r"si#"nts 'o& lain"# insightfully that failur" of th" sugar &ills to o "n at a ti&" $h"n sugar'an" 'rushing shoul# ha(" alr"a#y *""n un#"r$ay $as also aggra(ating th" r"(ailing 'o&&unal t"nsion, *"si#"s 'ausing finan'ial ins"'urity) !h"y f""l that things $ill *"'o&" nor&al if th" a#&inistration stri'tly a#h"r"s to its #uti"s) If th" rat"s of sugar'an" 'oul# *" fi@"# an# th" &ills 'oul# *" start"#, "o l" $oul# go a*out th"ir *usin"ss an# not ha(" ti&" for &is'hi"f) !h"y also f"lt that th" in'i#"nts of (iol"n'" 'oul# *" #i("rsionary ta'ti's to r"("nt far&"rs fro& laun'hing a unit"# struggl" for *"tt"r sugar'an" ri'"s) -n *"ing ask"# a*out th" in'i#"nts of sugar'an" fi"l#s *"ing s"t on fir" an# th" 'lai& of Moha&&a# ur Jats that Musli&s $"r" *"hin# su'h a'ts, th" 4ussain ur (illag"rs infor&"# us of an in'i#"nt $h"r"in th"r" ha# *""n a fir" in th" sugar'an" fi"l#s of so&" Jats r"'"ntly) !h"y sai#6 +3" $"r" infor&"# *y a #ri("r, $" 'all"# th" oli'" an# h"l "# to ut out th" fir"), !h"y also sai# that aroun# th" 08th or th" ./th of -'to*"r, th"y ha# #is'ussions $ith th" Jats of Moha&&a# ur to fi@ ti&ings for $ork in th"ir r"s "'ti(" fi"l#s) 2s "r th" agr""&"nt, sin'" th" fi"l#s of Moha&a# ur Raisingh $"r" n"ar"r 4ussain ur, th" far&"rs fro& Moha&&a# ur $oul# $ork th"ir fi"l#s #uring th" &orning hours, $hil" thos" fro& 4ussain ur $oul# $ork th"ir fi"l#s in th" "("nings) 4o$"("r, th"r"aft"r, th"r" $"r" no furth"r #is'ussions *"t$""n th" t$o (illag"s an# a 'li&at" of gr"at f"ar r"(ail"#)
2) > 6 a g e

0oices from the relief camps,


Sha&sha# (th" 2IFMS a'ti(ist) ha# tol# us that at r"s"nt th"r" ar" 00 'a& s, all of Musli&s) !h" "arli"r t"a& of National Minoriti"s 7o&&ission $hi'h ha# gon" on S" t"&*"r 08 ha# not"# C0 'a& s $ith >/,0A/ "rsons, of $hi'h 0E,/// $"r" fro& Sha&li an# th" r"st fro& Mu%affarnagar #istri't, as r"("al"# to th"& *y th" a#&inistration) !h"y $"r" tol# that th" "ffort of th" a#&inistration $as to "nsur" th" saf"ty of th" 'a& r"si#"nts an# "nsur" th"ir r"turn) !h" 'a& s $"r" r"#o&inantly of Musli&s, &ainly th" lan#l"ssK$"a("rs, s"lf?"& loy"# artisans, Gohars, "t') !hat r" ort r"'or#"# that *y th" ti&" of th"ir (isit, C> #"aths ha# *""n r"gist"r"#K.8 in Mu%affarnagar (8 4in#u, ./ Musli&s), 0. in Sha&li, 1 in M""rut, 0 in 4a ur an# 0 in Saharan ur) !h" 'a& this 7o&&ission (isit"# ho$"("r $as in Fa&al ur t"& l") !h"y $"r" S7 fa&ili"s (>A) fro& Bassi Falan $ho ha# fl"# fro& th"r", not *"'aus" th"y $"r" su*j"'t to (iol"n'" *ut *"'aus" th"y f"ar"# r"taliation fro& r"fug""s fro& oth"r (illag"s $ho $"r" sh"lt"r"# in th"ir Musli& &ajority (illag") !his 'a& $as $"ll ro(i#"# for) !h"r" $as a han# u& , toil"t, t"a& of #o'tors an# P47 $ork"rs) 3hil" th" 7o&&ission=s t"a& $as th"r", th" ra#han of Bassi Falan arri("# at th" 'a& to urg" th" Dalits to r"turn ho&") -ur t"a& $"nt to t$o 'a& s, on" at Shah urKShah ur 7a& No) 0, an# th" oth"r at Bassi Falan) !h" Bassi Falan 'a& $as lo'at"# in th" lo'al &a#arsa) !h"r" $"r" aroun# 0>/ fa&ili"s li(ing th"r" in t"nts sin'" S" t"&*"r A) !h"r" $"r" no oli'"&"n to *" s""n in th" (i'inity of th" 'a& in or#"r to "nsur" th" s"'urity of th" 'a& ) !h" "o l" $ho sought sh"lt"r h"r" r" ort"# th"y $"r" first gi("n rations in *ulk *y th" go("rn&"nt) !his $as ro(i#"# through th" Ma#arsa 7o&&itt"") !h"s" last"# 0>?./ #ays an# $"r" ina#"Iuat") 2ft"r this, su li"s $"r" gi("n to th" 'a& on a "r fa&ily *asis6 5("ry t"nt got .> kilos of uls"s an# $h"at, so&" 'ooking oil, salt an# sugar) !h" su li"s r"a'h"# th"& in t$o install&"nts) 2t th" ti&" of our (isit, ho$"("r, th"r" ha# *""n no furth"r su li"s fro& th" go("rn&"nt) !h"s" fa&ili"s $"r" 'ooking th"ir &"als s" arat"ly an# $"r" r"lying larg"ly on $hat th" &a#rasa ro(i#"# to th"&) !h" Ja&aat $as ro(i#ing th" 'harity) 2ll th" "rsons $" talk"# to sai# that th"y #i# not $ant to go *a'k to th"ir (illag"s *"'aus" of (i'ious atta'ks *y th" Jats of th"ir o$n (illag" $ho& th"y kno$ an# r"'ogni%") N"ith"r ha# anyon" fro& th" Jat 'o&&unity 'o&" to ask th"& to 'o&" *a'k) !h"y also r"'ount"# th" "nor&ous ro*l"&s th"y fa'"# in 'lai&ing 'o& "nsation6 Un#"rstan#ing th" languag" of th" #o'u&"nts, th" for&s r"Iuir"# to *" fill"#, arranging i#"ntifi'ation a "rs for o "ning *ank a''ounts $h"n th"y ha# fl"# fro& th"ir ho&"s $ith no *"longings an# &issing na&"s fro& th" list of 'lai&ants ar" a&ong th" o*sta'l"s th"y fa'") !h" la'k of #o'u&"nts &"ant that th"y ha(" not *""n a*l" to o "n *ank a''ounts or arrang" for alt"rnat" s'hools for th"ir 'hil#r"n) Dor 'lai&ing th" 'o& "nsation th"y $"r" r"Iuir"# to su*&it an affi#a(it that th"y $ill n"("r r"turn to th" (illag", an# $ill n"("r 'lai& 'o& "nsation for th"ir i&&o(a*l" ro "rti"s) !h" affi#a(it r"a#s6
2+ > 6 a g e

!hat &ys"lf an# &"&*"rs of &y fa&ily ha(" 'o&" l"a(ing our (illag" an# ho&" *"ing t"rrori%"# #u" to (iol"nt in'i#"nts in JJJ)) (na&" of th" (illag") (illag" an# we will not now return to our original village and home under any circumstances)

!hat th" lu& su& finan'ial h"l *"ing gi("n for &y fa&ily *y th" :o(t) $ill only *" us"# *y &" to r"ha*ilitat" &y fa&ily) By this &on"y I $ill li(" $ith &y fa&ily (oluntarily arranging for r"si#"n'" at a ro riat" la'" elsewhere)

!hat in th" 'on#ition of r"'"i(ing lu& su& finan'ial h"l a&ount, &ys"lf or &"&*"rs of &y fa&ily will not demand compensation relating to any damage to any immovable property in my village or elsewhere) !hat aft"r r"'"i(ing th" finan'ial h"l fro& th" go("rn&"nt for &aking sh"lt"rBr"si#"n'" for &ys"lfB &y fa&ily, &ys"lf an# &y fa&ily shall not again li(" in any r"li"f 'a& ) Many of th" r"fug""s, $hil" $illing to sign th" affi#a(it, $"r" a r"h"nsi(" of th" 'on#itions &"ntion"#) 3h"n our t"a& Iu"stion"# th" ra#han of Bassi Falan ($ho is o("r all in?'harg" of &anaging th" affairs of this 'a& ) a*out th" 'on#itions in th" affi#a(it in light of th" a r"h"nsions "@ r"ss"#, h" ru**ish"# th"s" a r"h"nsions) 3" $"r" tol# that aroun# .>?1/ "o l" ha# gon" to Distri't -ffi'", Mu%affarnagar, to #is'uss this issu")

$he physical conditions at the camp


!h" "ntran'" to th" r"li"f 'a& at Bassi Falan is guar#"# *y th" larg" grill"# gat" of th" &a#rasa) Insi#", th"r" $"r" ools of #irty $at"r an# so&" 'hullahs *"t$""n th" t"nts sho$ing sign of r"'"nt 'ooking) !h" t"nts $"r" 'los" to "a'h oth"r an# a*out E= @ >=) 3" $"r" tol# .// fa&ili"s li("# in this 'a& ) !h" 'a& s $"r" *"r"ft of any 'i(i' a&"niti"s $orth th"ir na&") !h" f"$ &o*il" toil"ts that $"r" ro(i#"# *y th" a#&inistration $"r" $ithout running $at"r or fa'iliti"s for #is osal of th" a''u&ulat"# hu&an $ast" an# h"n'" $"r" not *"ing us"# *y th" "o l" any &or") P"o l" $"r" &aking #o $ith 'o&&unity ta s (if on" $as a(aila*l") or ta s in n"ar*y hous"s to g"t $at"r for #aily us") !h"r" $"r" no fa'iliti"s for &"#i'al 'h"'k?u s B first ai# at th" 'a& s, "ith"r arrang"# *y th" a#&inistration or ri(at"ly *y th" Ja&aat) 2s against th" 'a& at Bassi Falan, th" 'a& s at Shah ur 'o& ris"# of t"nts ut u on th" "& ty r"si#"ntial lots of lan#) !h"s" n"$ t"nts ha# *""n #onat"# *y th" Ja&aat) 3hil" at Bassi Falan th" t"a& &"t &ainly &"n, at Shah ur th" r"s on#"nts $"r" &ainly $o&"n) Many of th" t"nts s""&"# strang"ly "& ty) (!h" r"si#"nts 'lai&"# th" &"nfolk ha# st" "# out to fin# $ork, ursu" th" r"Iuir"# a "r$ork) So&" r"si#"nts of th" t"nts ha# *""n sh"lt"r"# in ho&"s in th" (illag" as $"ll)) Maulana Na%ar, an a'ti(ist of th" Ja&aat, $ho& $" 'onta't"# on th" hon", off"r"# to tak" us to sit"s in Mu%affarnagar 'ity to sho$ us $h"r" hous"s ar" ro os"# to *" 'onstru't"# for th" riot #is la'"# fa&ili"s) !h"s" alt"rnati(" arrang"&"nts ar" *"ing su "r(is"# *y th" Ja&aat)
2/ > 6 a g e

In t"r&s of #is la'"&"nt fro& th"ir ho&"s in th" n"ar*y (illag"s this a&ount"# to loss of s"'urity of a roof o("r th"ir h"a#, l"a#ing to in'r"as"# "@ osur" to anti?so'ial "l"&"nts "s "'ially of th" young girls an# oth"r f"&al"s) It has *""n r" ort"# in oth"r "nIuir"s that th"r" ha(" *""n instan'"s of ra " of young girls in th" 'a& s) !his has l"# to in'r"as"# $orri"s for th" ar"nts r"gar#ing th" saf"ty of th"ir 'hil#r"n, "s "'ially th" a#ol"s'"nt girls) 2 nu&*"r of &arriag"s of un#"rag" girls ha(" *""n r" ort"# fro& th"s" 'a& s) !his 'oul# $"ll *" a &"asur" *y fa&ili"s to g"t ri# of th" r"s onsi*ility of saf"ty of young girls) 2s "r th" stat"&"nt of th" r"si#"nts in th" 'a& s th"y ar" *"ing in'r"asingly r"ssuri%"# no$ to (a'at" th" 'a& s at th" "arli"st, "s "'ially if th"y ha(" a''" t"# go("rn&"nt 'o& "nsation along $ith its atta'h"# 'on#itions) !h"r" s""&"# to *" so&" 'ontra#i'tion in th" (i"$s "@ r"ss"# *y th" 'a& r"si#"nts r"gar#ing th" rol" of th" go("rn&"nt) 2 &"&*"r of th" 'o&&itt"" &anaging th" 'a& , Ja&""l (fro& (illag" ;ut*a) sai# th" go("rn&"nt ha# in#""# ro(i#"# h"l ) 4o$"("r, this $as 'ontra#i't"# *y anoth"r young &an fro& th" sa&" (illag", Mo&in, $ho s"("r"ly 'riti'i%"# th" a athy of th" go("rn&"nt to$ar#s th"ir 'on#ition) No on" has r"turn"# to $ork) Many r"turn"# to th"ir ho&"s $ith oli'" to r"'o("r $hat th"y 'oul# of th"ir *"longings an# ani&als)

'illing of !rfan kabadi on )ovember *+ ,-./:


3h"n th" t"a& (isit"# th" Shah ur ar"a in th" #istri't, a *an#h $as *"ing o*s"r("# in th" to$n) !h"r" $as "r'" ti*l" t"nsion $ith a oss" of oli'"&"n r"s"nt in th" &ain &ark"t along th" &ain roa# of th" to$n) !h" t"nsion ha# *uilt u follo$ing th" killing of on" Irfan fro& th" ar"a) !his is th" lat"st in th" s"ri"s of killings in th" ar"a sin'" th" initial (iol"n'" at Fa(al (illag") 3h"n $" (isit"# Shah ur $" 'oul# s"" oli'"&"n at th" 'rossing an# at &ark"t la'"s, $hi'h $"r" all 'los"#) -n talking to "o l" in'lu#ing on" oli'"&an $" l"arnt that th" su ort"rs of Dr) 4ar(""r Singh, a r"gist"r"# &"#i'al ra'tition"r of th" ar"a an# a kno$n RSS a'ti(ist, ha# thr"at"n"# a *an#h till th" arr"st of 0> Musli&s fro& th" r"fug"" 'a& s $ho& h" all"g"# ha# *urnt his sho in th" Shah ur &ark"t on No("&*"r E) Dro& Sha&sha# $" ha# l"arnt that $h"n h" $"nt to Shah ur to$n on No("&*"r 9 at 0061/ 2M, th" &ain str""t $as ""rily sil"nt, th" "ntir" *a%aar $as 'los"# an# "o l" $"r" stan#ing aroun# talking in grou s) Poli'" S "'ial Dor'"s an# &"#ia $"r" also r"s"nt) By utting tog"th"r th" a(aila*l" i"'"s of infor&ation $" 'oul# 'onstru't th" follo$ing s"Iu"n'" of "("nts6 So&" *oys fro& th" 'a& s ha# gon" to th" &ark"t in Shah ur $h"r" th"y i#"ntifi"# an# oint"# out on" of th" Jats a''us"# of (iol"n'" against Musli&s to oth"rs r"s"nt on th" s ot) 2 &ajority of thos" r"s"nt $"r" Musli&s, as Shah ur is a Musli& &ajority to$n) !h" a''us"# $as i#"ntifi"# as Qog"n#"r $ho $as guilty of (iol"n'" at ;ut*a?Fut*i fro& $h"r" &any of th" r"fug""s at Shah ur ha# 'o&") !h" Musli&s surroun#"# Qog"n#"r, *"at hi& u an# han#"# hi& o("r to th" oli'") In th" "ntir" " iso#" Irfan, a s'ra &"r'hant, ha# lay"# an i& ortant rol") Irfan us"# to go to #iff"r"nt (illag"s to *uy s'ra an# lo'al Musli&s tol# us that "arli"r in th" #ay Irfan ha# ha "n"# to t"ll Dr 4ar(""r Singh of his &o("&"nts #uring th" #ay)
21 > 6 a g e

Irfan $as lat"r shot #"a# *"t$""n Shah ur an# n"ar*y 7han# ur) Sus "'ting that ro*a*ly 4ar(""r ha# ti "# Irfan=s kill"rs of his &o("&"nt, th" lo'al Musli&s 'a&" to hi& to rot"st $h"r"u on th"y say that 4ar(""r Singh s"t fir" to his o$n sho an# i& li'at"# 0> Musli& &"n fro& th" 'a& $ho ha# "arli"r *""n in(ol("# in Qog"n#"r=s arr"st)

!he administration1s ta#e on the events in Muzaffarnagar


-ur (isit to th" Distri't Magistrat"=s (DM) offi'" on No("&*"r .9 'oin'i#"# $ith a #harna *y BFU to #"&an# fi@ation of a ro riat" sugar'an" ri'"s that $as att"n#"# *y th" far&"rs fro& a'ross 'ast"s an# th" 'o&&uniti"s on th" *asis of th" 'o&&on int"r"st) !h" gath"ring $as Iuit" &ilitant *ut non?(iol"nt) !h" DM 'oul# not *" 'onta't"# as h" $as a$ay fro& th" offi'") 3" $"r" a*l" to talk to th" 2DM (2#&inistration), In#ra&ani !ri athi) 2''or#ing to hi&, all 'a& s, "@'" t th" on" at Goyi, ha(" *""n $oun# u an# "o l" ha(" *""n gi("n Rs)> lakhs as 'o& "nsation, #" osit"# in th"ir *ank a''ounts) -n *"ing r"&in#"# that th" affi#a(it sai# that aft"r r"'"i(ing th" 'o& "nsation th" "o l" $oul# forf"it all 'lai&s to #a&ag"s to th"ir i&&o(a*l" ro "rty an# 'an n"("r go *a'k to th"ir (illag"s an# 'annot "("n *uil# a hous" in th" ar"a, h" sai# that thos" ro(isions ha(" *""n r"&o("# an# th"y 'an go to th"ir (illag"s if th"y so $ish"#) But h" #i# not sho$ any go("rn&"nt) or#"r to that "ff"'t) +!h" affi#a(it only says that thos" signing u for Rs)> lakh r"li"f shoul# not ask for any &or" 'o& "nsation fro& th" go("rn&"nt) !h"y 'an tak" oth"r st" s,, !ri athi tol# us) !his is at (arian'" $ith th" languag" of th" affi#a(it) 4" 'onfir&"# th" offi'ial figur"s of #"aths as 0> 4in#us, &ostly Jats an# >8 Musli&s) 2''or#ing to hi& only 09/ fa&ili"s ar" l"ft to *" r"ha*ilitat"#) !h"y all ar" at Goyi an# th"y a## u to 0/9A "o l") 4" tri"# to 'on(in'" us that out of f"ar th"y #o not $ant to go to th"ir ho&"s an# ar" s"ttling #o$n in th" n"igh*orhoo# of Musli& &ajority ar"as) -n *"ing Iu"stion"# a*out #ang"r of furth"r gh"ttoi%ation of so'i"ty, h" sai# that so&" of th"& ar" s"ttling in non?Musli& ar"as also) !h" go("rn&"nt, h" sai#, s "nt Rs)1 to 1)> 'ror" on su lying ro(isions to th" 'a& s) 2 total of A/E fa&ili"s ha# tak"n 'o& "nsation $hi'h is C/// to C>// "o l" an# th" &on"y s "nt on this ur os" $as Rs)C/)1 'ror"s) 4" "'ho"# th" go("rn&"nt oli'y for th" #istri*ution of r"li"f through Int"%a&ia 'o&&itt""s 'ontroll"# *y r"ligious organi%ations an# Ma#rasas) !h" Shi( al Qa#a( 7o&&itt"", s"t u in th" i&&"#iat" aft"r&ath of th" riots, r"'o&&"n#"# to th" stat" that r"li"f *" #istri*ut"# through th" +'o&&unity, organi%ations of Musli&s) !his syst"&, ho$"("r, has "@tra't"# a toll on th" Musli& r"fug""s, $ho ar" in'r"asingly un#"r r"ssur" fro& th" Ma#arsa 7o&&itt""s not to r"turn to th"ir original (illag"s an# 'ontinu" to stay in th" Musli&?#o&inat"# (illag"s) Mr !ri athi also "'ho"# th" g"n"ral Jat narrati(" that in th" gr""# for 'o& "nsation Musli&s #o not $ant to go *a'k to th"ir (illag"s, 4" 'oul# not, ho$"("r, "@ lain $hy this $as so if su'h ro(isions of th" affi#a(it $"r" no long"r r"l"(ant) !h" 2DM sai# that Musli&s $ill #"finit"ly us" th" 'o& "nsation to *uy lan# lo'ally, in 'as" th"y #o not $ant to r"turn to th" (illag"s th"y ran a$ay fro&) 4" sai# this is +natural,) +!h"y
!< > 6 a g e

$ill o*(iously $ant to li(" n"ar th"ir o$n 'o&&unity) +!his is *ut naturalMit ha "ns "("ry$h"r", "("n in D"lhi),) 4" sai# that 'o& osit" 'ultur" is not aff"'t"# *y this 'hang") N"ar th" DM offi'" $" &"t t$o lo'al journalists Ma#an Baliyan an# Dilsha# Malik (a Mula Jat)) 2''or#ing to th"&, on S" t"&*"r A, $h"n th" ra& ag" *"gan, th" ar&y $as 'all"# an# $as in th" to$n for &or" than si@ hours *"for" *"ing #" loy"#) !h" Su "rint"n#"nt of Poli'" at th" ti&", Su*hash 7han#ra Du*", $as sus "n#"#) !h" DM, Surin#"r Singh an# th" SSP Man%il Saini ha# alr"a#y *""n transf"rr"# aft"r th" Fa(al in'i#"nt) !h"y also tol# us that it ha# *""n 'on("rt"# into a 4in#u?Musli& 'onfrontation *y ("st"# oliti'al int"r"sts of BJP an# SP) !h"y tol# us that th" &a@i&u& nu&*"r of ra "s of Musli& $o&"n took la'" at Gisarh (illag" an# that out of o("r t$o #o%"n ra "s, only si@ 'as"s ha# *""n r" ort"#) 2''or#ing to th"& a Jat girl ha# "lo "# fro& th" (illag" $ith h"r Musli& lo("r "arli"r) In No("&*"r, th" stat" #i# a&"n# th" notifi'ation it ha# issu"# in -'to*"r, un#"r $hi'h this Rs)> lakh 'o& "nsation $as to *" ro(i#"# to riot?aff"'t"# Musli& fa&ili"s) No$ th" r"li"f is a(aila*l" to all aff"'t"# "o l", r"gar#l"ss of th"ir r"ligion, thanks to a Su r"&" 7ourt or#"r *as"# on a "tition fil"# *y a D"lhi la$y"r) 3hil" th" 2DM says it $ill *" gi("n to "o l" $ho lost th"ir ho&"s (to arson "t') in th" si@ (illag"s, th" SSP 4N Singh sai# it $ill *" gi("n to fa&ili"s that ha(" "s'a "# fro& (illag"s $h"r" th"r" $as a'tual (iol"n'") It s""&"# o*(ious on No("&*"r .9, that th" #istri't a#&inistration $as s "aking in on" (oi'" $h"n it 'a&" to insisting that th" r"li"f 'a& s ha(" 'los"# #o$n) Both th" 2DM an# SSP insist"# that n"arly all Musli&s, "@'" t in Goyi 'a& , ha(" foun# alt"rnati(" r"si#"n'"s to stay in, 'hi"fly *"'aus" th"y ha(" 'lai&"# th" Rs)> lakh 'o& "nsation) !his 'lai& has su*s"Iu"ntly *""n 'ontra#i't"#, an# on D"'"&*"r ./ th" offi'ials a#&itt"# that th"r" ar" o("r 0E,/// Musli&s still in 'a& s) Si&ilarly, th" lo'al fun'tionari"s s""&"# not to kno$ th" "@a't #"ath toll in th" riots "ith"r) Ulti&at"ly, th" SSP ro(i#"# th"s" nu&*"rs, lat" in th" "("ning)

#eeting with the Senior Superintendent of 0olice 1SS02


In th" offi'" of SSP th" first thing $" noti'"# $as th" list of SSPs #is lay"# in th" offi'") In ./01 Mr) 4ari Narain Singh is th" >th SSP) -n *"ing ask"# a*out th" 'o& laint of th" Jats r"gar#ing on"?si#"# a'tion *y go("rn&"nt an# th" r"l"as" of r"al 'ul rits in Fa(al 'as", th" SSP r"fut"# th" 'harg" an# sai# th" oli'" 'annot tak" a'tion on th" *asis of just th" DIR $ithout in("stigation) 4" sai# in("stigation of 'as"s $as *"ing 'on#u't"# *y a t"a& of t$o SPs, four DSPs, >/ Ins "'torsBSu* Ins "'tors in(ol(ing th" oli'" "rsonn"l fro& all th" 'on'"rn"# oli'"stationsKJansath< Sikh"#a< Mira ur< Fot$ali< Nai Man#i< Bu#hana< Bhaura Falan an# Bho aKun#"r $hi'h th" riots o''urr"#) -n th" issu" of all"g"# +"n'ount"r, of thr"" youth of 4ussain ur at Moha&&a# ur Raisingh as 'lai&"# *y th" s "ak"rs at th" Moha&&a# ur an'hayat, th" SSP #"ni"# that th" youth ha# *""n kill"# in oli'" "n'ount"r, though h" #i# 'onfir& that th"y ha# *""n shot at an# also atta'k"# *y shar $"a ons) 4" infor&"# us that nin" out of th" 0E "rsons na&"# for th" &ur#"rs ha# *""n arr"st"# an# that a s"ar'h $as on for th" oth"rs)
!1 > 6 a g e

!h" SSP also sai# that th" r"ha*ilitation of all th" #is la'"# "rsons "@'" t thos" of fi(" to si@ (illag"s is 'o& l"t") 2''or#ing to hi&, #"s it" *"ing assur"# of s"'urity *y th" a#&inistration, &ost of (illag"rs #o not f""l r"assur"# an# ar" not r"a#y to go *a'k) 2s &ost of th"& ar" fro& th" la*ouring 'lass"s $ith no lan#, "rha s th"y f""l th"y 'an s"ttl" "ls"$h"r", h" argu"#) !h" SSP a'kno$l"#g"# th" r"s"n'" of a larg" nu&*"r of ill"gal $"a ons in th" #istri't an# that to th" oli'" is 'ontinually 'h"'king an# 'arrying out rai#s to fin# th"s" $"a ons) !h" oli'" is laun'hing outr"a'h rogra&s for "sta*lishing "a'" *y 'onsulting "l#"rs) !h"y no$ ha(" lans to start rogra&s to int"ra't $ith th" youth) -n th" Iu"stion of night training 'a& s *y RSS $hi'h $" ha# h"ar# a*out, h" jok"# that th"y ar" alr"a#y $"ll train"#) 2''or#ing to th" SSP, th" nu&*"r of kill"# in'lu#"# 19 Musli&s an# 0> 4in#us !h" SSP r"fus"# to gi(" th" *r"ak?u of Jats an# non?Jats) !h" SSP tol# us that r"li"f $as ro(i#"# to "o l" fro& (illag"s $ho fl"# aft"r s"rious in'i#"nts M+&ur#"rs,) 4" also infor&"# that th"y ar" $orking $ith N:-s an# ar" &aking "fforts to r"ha*ilitat" thos" in th" 'a& s to go *a'k to th" (illag"s) N:-s ar" organi%ing 'onta't &""tings an# assuring th" "o l" of full oli'" assistan'" an# s"'urity if th"y #"'i#" to r"turn to th"ir (illag"s) !h" SSP 'lai&"# that +3h"n *oth si#"s a''us" us of *"ing artial, sur"ly that &"ans $" ar" #oing so&"thing right), 4" says th" oli'" *an#o*ast $as Iuit" "ff"'ti(" o("r th" last thr"" &onths, aft"r th" riots *rok" out, !$o 2SPs, four DSPs an# four l"gal offi'"rs, along $ith >/ ins "'torsBsu* ins "'tors ha(" *""n *rought into th" r"gion) 4" assur"# us of +#is assionat" in("stigation,, $hi'h 'an only *" #on" a''or#ing to th" DIRs that ha(" *""n r"gist"r"#) >C/ l"gal 'as"s in all ha(" *""n fil"#) 2roun# E/// "o l" ha(" *""n na&"# in th"&) !h" oli'" stations in'lu#", Jansath, Fot$ali, Sisauli, Nayi Man#i, Shah ur, Bhu#ana, Bho a, Bhaura Fala, Phugana, M""ra ur an# Mansoor ur) +3h"n "ight "o l" ha(" *""n kill"# in ;ut*a?Fut*i, ho$ 'an $" ossi*ly r"&o(" th" na&"s (of th" Jats) $ho ha(" *""n a''us"# an# na&"# *y th" "y"? $itn"ss"sO, h" ask"#) 4" o in"# that th" "o l" of th" r"gion, *oth Jats an# Musli&s, ha(" tr"&"n#ous ro "nsity to fight) +!h"y also kno$ ("ry $"ll ho$ to r"s"nt th" 'as" in th"ir fa(our), !h" S4- of Bhaura Fala $as sus "n#"# aft"r this in'i#"nt at Moha&&a# ur Raisingh ?4ussain ur) !his, th" SSP says, $as *"'aus" th" S4- $as a''us"# *y "o l" of 4ussain ur that h" #i# not tak" a'tion in ti&") 4" says that th"r" $as oli'" (UP Poli'") r"s"nt at Moha&&a# ur Rai Singh at th" ti&" of th" in'i#"nt, *ut th"y $"r" at th" far "n# of th" (illag" an# not $h"r" th" thr"" young &"n $"r" atta'k"#) 4" says th" sus "nsion of th" S4- at Bhauran Falan has nothing to #o $ith th" killing its"lf) !h" fa't that h" #i# not ans$"r th" 'alls of th" 4ussain ur *oys $as ( r"su&a*ly) *"'aus" of a floo# of hon" 'alls to hi&) !h"r" is a lot of + r"ssur", at su'h ti&"s) +!h" oli'" $"nt th"r" on h"aring of th" in'i#"nt) !h"y r"'"i("# #o%"ns of hon" 'alls) !h" ro*" is on), !h" in("stigation is not y"t 'o& l"t" into this in'i#"nt, an# no*o#y 'an *" #"'lar"# guilty or not guilty y"t) +Not just in this 'as", in any 'as", if so&"*o#y is 'o&ing to th" oli'" $ith any "(i#"n'"B roof, $" ar" r"gist"ring a 'as" on his *"half) 3hat th" guilt or inno'"n'" is, th" 'ourt
!2 > 6 a g e

$ill ha(" to "sta*lish) If so&"on" is inno'"nt, h" 'an *ring th" roof, an# h" $ill *" s"t fr"" *y th" 'ourt), 3" ask"# $hy th" Moha&&a# ur Raisigh Fha an'hayat $as allo$"# to &""t #"s it" s"'tion 0CC *"ing #"'lar"# in th" ar"a) 4" r" li"# ? +Fha s k"" &""ting h"r") It is a 'o&&on ra'ti'") It $as a &""ting in th" t"& l") It is an int"rnal &att"r), R"gar#ing th" Fa(al in'i#"nt an# th" a''usation of th" Jats that th" oli'" l"t th" r"al 'ul rits fr"" aft"r initially arr"sting th"&, th" SSP sai#6 +-f th" "o l" $ho $"r" arr"st"# at first, only on" $as foun# to *" in(ol("#, so h" $as th" only on" k" t) If not foun# in(ol("#, th"n $hy $oul# h" *" k" t, an# ho$ 'an $" 'at'h th" oth"rs (thos" not in(ol("#)), !h" SSP infor&"# that +$h"r"("r th"r" $as f"ar a&ong th" "o l" *"'aus" th"r" ha(" *""n in'i#"nts, $" ha(" station"# th" P27 an# th" R2D (Ra i# 2'tion Dor'") (as a &"asur" against furth"r (iol"n'")) P"o l" $ho ar" &ortally afrai# ar" *"ing gi("n rot"'tion), +3h"r" th"r" ha(" *""n a'tual in'i#"nts, lik" in Shah ur, Phugana, Faka#aM$h"r" th" "o l" ar" in no osition to r"turn, that is $h"r" th" "o l" ar" lia*l" to a(ail of 'o& "nsation) 3h"r" th"r" ha(" *""n &ur#"rs), 4" also says that th" "o l" $ill g"t "ith"r th" Rs) fi(" lakh 'o& "nsationM+(gar le liya, toh wapas mat &aiye ), -r, th" Musli&s $ill *" a*l" to 'lai& a'tual #a&ag"s, *ut not fro& th" go("rn&"nt) 4" #"ni"s that th"r" has *""n a s"'urity failur") +P"o l" ar" (just) afrai# to r"turn) !h"y ar" *"ing = "rsua#"#= to r"turn) !h"y ar" *"ing tol# that s"'urity $ill *" ro(i#"# to th"&) 3h"r" th"y ha(" r"turn"#, nothing has ha "n"#),In th" *"ginning, non" of th" #is la'"# "o l" $"r" r"turning to th"ir (illag"s) No$, "o l" fro& only >?E (illag"s ar" l"ft in th" 'a& s) +Jaisi *hi stithi *an"giJif th"y f""l th"y 'an r"turn th"n th"y 'an stay) If th"y #on=t f""l that th"y 'an stay again in th" sa&" la'", th"n th"yJ$on=t ha(" to), !h" SSP 'larifi"# that #" "n#ing on ho$ th" situation "(ol("s, th" Musli&s $ho f""l 'o&forta*l" to r"turn 'an #o so, an# that th" oth"rs $ill not *" for'"# to r"turn) It &ay *" "rtin"nt that th" oli'" is in fa't *"ing a''us"# of for'ing &any Musli&s to r"turn) 2lso, th" a#&inistration=s $ith#ra$al of su li"s to th" r"li"f 'a& s is a 'l"ar in#i'ation that th"y $ant th" Musli&s to go a$ay fro& th" 'a& s) +2roun# C0,/// to C.,/// "o l" ha(" r"turn"# to th"ir ho&"s) But in la'"s, th" $h"r" th" &"&ory of $hat ha "n"# is ("ry strong, as th"y ha(" s""n killings, #"aths, th" "o l" ar" afrai# to r"turn) 3" ar" also not a lying r"ssur" on th"& (to r"turn)), +Sarkar ki taraf s" ai# *an# ho gayi hai), !h" SSP o in"# that &ost of th" "o l" $ho l"ft th"ir (illag"s $"r" Musli&s $ithout lan#) +If th"y ar" h"althy an# a*l"?*o#i"#, th"n th"y t"n# to think that th"y &ay as $"ll stay on $h"r" th"y ar" (n"ar 'a& s, or "ls"$h"r")) !h"y ar" &ostly la*our"rs, or 'rafts&"n, so th"y f""l th"y 'an g"t $ork any$h"r"Mth"y still ha(" to &ak" a li(ing th" sa&" $ay), +-ur offi'ials ar" going fro& (illag" to (illag" to "@ lain, r"?assur", an# talk to th" "o l", an# that +$" shall #o all that $" 'an #o) -utr"a'h 'onta't an# shanti sa#*ha(na ? *oth ar" *"ing #on") 3" ar" a roa'hing th" &u"%%ins, ol#"r "o l") -n" of th" things $" ha(" r"'"ntly start"# to #o is to r"a'h out to th" young"r "o l"),
!! > 6 a g e

+!h"r" ar" too &any ar&s h"r") !h"r" ar" just too &anyM$hat 'an $" #oO, +!h"r" is a lot of ri(alry *"t$""n "o l" as $"ll) 3" ar" 'on#u'ting 'h"'ks, on th" *asis of sus i'ion as $"ll as on th" *as"s of infor&ation) 3" ar" a lying r"ssur" (dabish) on "o l"), +3" 'annot 'all th"s" "("nts ur"ly 'o&&unal) In &ost of th" 'as"s, th" Jats ha(" *""n in(ol("#) In so&" (illag"s th"r" ha(" *""n non?Jat 4in#us in(ol("#, *ut r"#o&inantly, th" ro*l"& is *"t$""n Jats, an# Musli&s), -n *"ing ask"# a*out th" r" r"s"ntation of Musli&s in th" oli'" for'" h" sai# ? +2 oli'"&an is just a oli'"&an) 3" #o not look at th"& fro& th" "rs "'ti(" of 'o&&unity or origin), !h" lo'al journalists $" ha# &"t ha# tol# us that th" ar&y ha# *""n &a#" to $ait at th" "ntran'" of Mu%%afarnagar "("n as th" $orst of (iol"n'" took la'" in th" ar"a) 3" ask"# th" SSP a*out th" ("ra'ity of this stat"&"nt) 2lthough th" r"s"nt SSP $as not in 'harg" of th" situation th"n, h" #"ni"# that th" th"n DM an# SSP allo$"# th" (iol"n'" to tak" la'") +3" #i# not $ait aft"r 'alling th" ar&y) !h" roa# to Phugana is ("ry *a#, as is th" 'as" in ;ut*a Fut*i) !hat is $hat $oul# ha(" tak"n ti&", (an# th"r"*y th" killings)) R"gar#ing th" r"(ailing situation h" sai# that ? +I 'annot say that th" situation is a*solut"ly "a'"ful *ut y"s no$ it $ill *" -F) !h" situation is nor&ali%ing in all #iff"r"nt $aysMno ru&ours ar" floating a*out, in'i#"nts ar" un#"r 'ontrol an# so onJ!h" go("rn&"nt ai# has *""n sto "# no$) !h" r"lationshi s *"t$""n th" 7hau#harys an# th" Maliks, is still inta't) 4o "fully th" ro*l"&s (of r"si#"nts in 'a& s) $ill also *" sol("# ("ry soon),

Revisit of camps at Shahpur and 3assi 'alan:


During our s"'on# (isit to th" 'ity of Mu%affarnagar an# to th" 'a& s on $hi'h #at" th" int"nsity of t"nsion that 'oul# *" f"lt $as "r'" ti*ly l"ss as 'o& ar"# to our first (isit) 7ontrary to th" 'lai&s of th" 2DM, 'a& s $"r" still th"r" *ut go("rn&"nt=s sign*oar#s announ'ing th"ir r"s"n'" $"r" r"&o("#) !h" sign*oar# on th" to of th" gat"$ay of th" Ma#arsa at Bassi Falan 'a& that on'" sai# Rahat Shi(ir ha# *""n ull"# #o$n) 3" &"t Jahoor (E> y"ars of ag") fro& ;ut*a?Fut*i $ho ha# &o("# out of th" 'a& aft"r r"'"i(ing th" 'o& "nsation *ut #o"s not $ant to go to his (illag") 4" $ants to s"ttl" #o$n in th" lan# organi%"# *y th" Ja&aat n"ar Shah ur) 4" la&"nts that his son, $ith his o$n fa&ily, has not *""n gi("n 'o& "nsation) P"o l" still li(ing in t"nts tol# us that $hil" .01 fa&ili"s ha# l"ft th" 'a& s, .// fa&ili"s still r"&ain"# in th" 'a& s) Dul"hra is a (illag" in th" (i'inity of ;ut*a an# Fut*i (illag"s that $as not #ir"'tly aff"'t"# *y riots) Musli&s fro& Dulh"ra fl"# out of f"ar an# #o not $ant to go *a'k) !h"ir na&" is not in th" RR list) Most of th"& *"long to lan#l"ss artisan an# 'rafts&"n 'lass"s) -ut of 9/ fa&ili"s fi(" $"r" lan#"# Mul"y Jats $ho ha(" gon" *a'k)

!$ > 6 a g e

!h" r"fug""s fro& Faka#a $"r" "& hati' a*out not r"turning as th"ir hous"s $"r" still *"ing #a&ag"# an# loot"#) Dro& ;ut*a out of 09/ fa&ili"s 0C. ha(" tak"n th" 'o& "nsation) Dro& Fut*i out of 0E/ fa&ili"s .0 ar" still l"ft in th" 'a& s) !h" ;ut*a an# Fut*i (illag"rs on'" again r"it"rat"# th" rol" of D"("n#"r Singh (hus*an# of th" la#y ra#han of th" (illag" an# th" #" fa'to h"a# of th" (illag") an# a n" h"$ of Muk"sh 7hau#hari, a &inist"r in 2khil"sh Qa#a( go("rn&"nt, in fo&"nting riots in th"ir (illag"s) ;ut*a?Fut*i (illag"rs $"r" fa'ing ro*l"&s in g"tting #o'u&"ntation #on" to a''"ss 'o& "nsation) !h" ro*l"&s rang" fro& la'k of n"'"ssary #o'u&"nts to r"fusal *y *anks an# SDM to 'oo "rat") So&" of th" .01 r"s"ttl"# Musli&s ha(" *ought lan# at Shah ur its"lf at Rs) C/// "r yar#, $hi'h is a*out Rs) .)> to 1 lakhs "r fa&ily) Sa&sha# of ?;ut*a? Fut*i has four *ighas of th" lan# in th" (illag" an# a hug" hous" *ut is not sur" of saf"ty of lif" an# ro "rty an# #o"s not $ant to go *a'k) !h"ir atta'k"rs $"r" th"ir o$n n"igh*ours an# th"y ar" roa&ing aroun# fr""ly, *ut ar" a*s'on#ing a''or#ing to th" oli'") In 'on'lusion, aft"r th" r"(isit to th" 'a& s $" 'an stat" that &ost ha(" "o l" ha(" tak"n 'o& "nsation aft"r signing th" affi#a(it an# &any of th"& ha(" l"ft th" 'a& s, shift"# to r"lati("s an# fri"n#s or tak"n roo&s on r"nt in Shah ur an# Bu#hana) So&" ha(" &o("# as far as Goni in th" (i'inity of D"lhi) Most of th"& ar" lan#l"ss la*or"rs, 'rafts&"n an# artisans an# f"lt that th"y 'an "@ lor" th" $ork any$h"r") Non" of th"& $ants to go *a'k) P"o l" ha(" "ss"ntially *""n l"ft to th"ir o$n #"(i'"s) !h"y ar" 'o& l"t"ly at th" &"r'y of Ma#rasa 'o&&itt"", or 'harity of fri"n#s an# r"lati("s) 2s a r"sult th"r" ar" thos" $ho 'ontinu" to fa'" hug" ro*l"&s) Muni*a of Faka#a (illag" is on" su'h (i'ti&) In Faka#a, sh" us"# to li(" $ith h"r *roth"r?in?la$ an# his fa&ily in th" sa&" hous") Muni*a says that h"r *roth"r in la$ has +#"'a& "# $ith th" r"li"f &on"y,) 4" also ran off $ith all of Muni*a=s an# h"r hus*an#=s *"longings) Sh", ho$"("r, 'annot 'lai& 'o& "nsation, $hi'h is gi("n on a "r?fa&ily *asis, not "r 'ou l") D"s it" th" g"nuin" ro*l"&s that "o l" lik" Muni*a &ight *" fa'ing, th" a#&inistration has stu'k to its stan# that non" of th" joint fa&ili"s that "arli"r shar"# a hous" $ill no$ g"t 'o& "nsation on any oth"r *asis) Muni*a says aroun# 0> hous"s of Musli&s ha(" *""n #a&ag"# in Faka#a, in'lu#ing h"rs) 4"r hous" $as n"ar a &osIu") Sh" r" orts that on" of th" k"y r"asons for not r"turning is th" Jats= insist"n'" that th"y #o not ray or att"n# th" ray"rs in th" &osIu") !h" r"si#"nts at th" 'a& also ha(" to *"ar r"ssur" fro& th" lo'al Maulana, $ho su##"nly a "ar"# on th" s'"n" an# start"# shouting at th"& $hil" th"y s ok" $ith us) 4" sai#, +In th" night you stay $ith us, an# in th" #ay you start talking a*out going *a'k) 3hat is your ro*l"&O 3hy #o you n""# to l"a(" this la'"O 3hat is your urg"n'yO, 3ith $int"r a roa'hing its "ak, th" r"&aining r"si#"nts, though half th" nu&*"r sin'" our initial (isit, fa'" 'ontinuing la'k of r"li"f an# su li"s, in'lu#ing *lank"ts an# 'loth"s, &"#i'in"s, foo# an# $at"r) Na$a*, sBo :yasu##in, fro& Dulh"ri, "s'a "# $ith 91 oth"r fa&ili"s) 4" is a &ason) 4" says th" root of th" ro*l"& is th" t"rror in th" &in#s of th" Musli&s aft"r th"
!( > 6 a g e

(iol"n'" that took la'" at ;ut*a) 4" tol# us that th" "o l" in Dulh"ri $"r" also ask"# not to r"a# th" na&a% *y Jats) Faka#a=s Rukhsana, #Bo 4aroon, says sh" got rations thri'" fro& th" go("rn&"nt) 4"r hous" has *""n loot"# an# sh" #o"s not $ant to r"turn) Shahna%, also fro& Faka#a, $Bo Mo&in, a &ason, says h"r hous" too has *""n loot"#) Sh" says that h"r na&" is not on th" rolls of "o l" "ntitl"# to 'lai& 'o& "nsation) 4"r t$o 'hil#r"n f"ll si'k at th" 'a& ) !hough th"y ha(" sin'" r"'o("r"#, sh" 'oul# not ro(i#" th"& &"#i'al 'ar") Murshi#a, $Bo U&ar, also fro& Faka#a, #o"s not $ant to r"turn to th" (illag" on a''ount of f"ar) Sh" #o"s not "@ "'t th" oli'" to su ort Musli&s $ho $ant to r"turn) -th"rs at th" 'a& also sai# that th"y ar" a*solut"ly not int"r"st"# in r"turning, an# so th"y shoul# *" ai# th" 'o& "nsation) +3h"n $" #o not $ant to stay th"r", $hy shoul# $" *" for'"# to r"turnO,, says Irfan) Lahoor, an ol# &an fro& ;ut*a, "@ r"ss"# a lot of ain at ha(ing to l"a(" th" (illag") +3" us"# to li(" tog"th"r as *roth"rs (i)") 4in#us an# Musli&s)) 3" n"("r ha# a fight), 4is sons an# n" h"$s $ho sit aroun# hi& say that th" ;ut*a Jats, $ho $"r" his fri"n#s, ha# a ha*it of +joking, $ith th"&, a*out ho$ if th"r" $as "("r a 4in#u?Musli& fight, th"y $oul# first kill th"ir Musli& fri"n#s, in'lu#ing hi&) +!h"y ha(" finally #on" it,, th" young"r &"n sai#) !h"y asso'iat" th" &""ting att"n#"# *y Rajnath Singh a y"ar ago, on th" sugar'an" issu", in ;ut*a, $ith th" 'o&&unali%ation of th" ar"a)

2ncounter en route at a *ugar Crusher,


3" sto "# on th" $ay at a 'rush"r of a Musli& $h"r" h", a f"$ Jats an# so&" oth"r &"n $"r" ha(ing an "("ning s"ssion of 'hat an# r"fr"sh&"nt) -n" of th" "rsons r"s"nt th"r" intro#u'"# hi&s"lf as S$araj Singh, th" sugar 'oo "rati(" 'hair&an of Fakra (illag") 4" sai# that th"r" is no 'onfli't *"t$""n Jats an# Musli&s *ut th" outsi#"rs, an# h" h"sitantly na&"# th" RSS, #i# "("rything) 4" r" "at"# th" story that th"y $ant th"& to *" *a'k *ut th"y ar" not $illing to r"turn #u" to th" 'o& "nsation that is *"ing off"r"#) ;ut*a an# Fut*i no$ #o not ha(" a singl" Musli& fa&ily) Si&ilarly th" Musli&s of Moha&&a# ur Raisingh ha(" all tak"n sh"lt"r at n"ar*y 4ussain ur) Faka#a too is #"(oi# of Musli&s) !h" "o l" in th" r"li"f 'a& s ha# &a#" it 'l"ar that $h"r"("r Pra#hans su'h as fro& Bu#hana an# Sha&li (isit"# th" r"li"f 'a& s an# took Musli&s *a'k ho&", th" Musli&s $"r" r"a#y to r"turn) Muni*a fro& Faka#a sai# a fr"sh sur("y of aff"'t"# fa&ili"s $as or#"r"# aft"r Jats rais"# a hu" an# 'ry a*out Musli&s g"tting +"@'"ssi(" *"n"fits,) But $h"n th" go("rn&"nt offi'ials $"nt to 'on#u't fr"sh sur("y Faka#a (illag"rs #i# not allo$ it)

$he inferences we draw from the findings


3hat is a'tually *"ing $itn"ss"# in th" Mu%affarnagar?Sha&li *"lt in 3"st"rn UP is a t"aring a art of th" so'ial fa*ri' in th" (illag"s a ar"ntly for "l"'toral "n#s) 3hil" th" 4in#ut(a for'"s
!) > 6 a g e

an# th" BJP ar" roa'ti(" in fo&"nting trou*l", th" SP is also out to us" th" situation for "l"'toral gains) In this ro'"ss th" longstan#ing 'o& osit" 'ultur" of th" ar"a is *"ing irr"("rsi*ly #a&ag"# an# th"r" is also an att"& t to "nsur" "r&an"nt #"&ogra hi' 'hang"s) !h" follo$ing 'an *" inf"rr"# fro& th" fin#ings6 0) It is 'l"ar that Musli&?Jat "l"'toral 'o&*ination $rought *y 7haran Singh has *rok"n #o$n an# this ha "n"# in th" ost?Man#al 7o&&ission "rio# $h"n Jats $"r" l"ft out of th" -B7 list) Jats, for long l"a#"rs of *a'k$ar# 'ast" 'onsoli#ation, f""l isolat"# an# &arginali%"#) .) !h" "ntir" r"gion is an agrarian "'ono&y $h"r" "@t"nsi(" us" of 'a italist &"tho#s has *""n su "ri& os"# on a f"u#al *as") !h" #o&inant 'ultur" of th" ar"a is f"u#al atriar'hal) Gan#"# 'o&&unity of th" ar"a is r"#o&inantly Jat) 3hil" to l"ss than fi(" "r '"nt(C)9A "r '"nt of th" to s"'tions o$n .E)91 "r '"nt of th" lan#, th" lo$"r E/ "r '"nt of th" o ulation o$n a*out ./ "r '"nt of th" lan#, $ith lan# hol#ings of l"ss than on" h"'tar" ( R"f"r"n'" N""#"#)) !h" agrarian 'risis an# stagnant ro#u'ti(ity has l"# to a 'risis in this 'o&&unity) !h" rat" of in'r"as" in ro#u'ti(ity o("r last #"'a#" has *""n l"ss than C)> "r '"nt $hil" in th" stat" as a $hol" it has *""n o("r 9 "r '"nt (R"f"r"n'" N""#"#)) Qoung Jats ar" not in signifi'ant nu&*"rs in high"r "#u'ation an# usually look for jo*s in th" oli'" an# ar&y) !h" SP go("rn&"nt=s oli'y of r"s"r("# osts for -B7s in th" UP oli'", furth"r sIu""%"# th" jo*s a(aila*l" for youth of this 'o&&unity) 1) !h" #o&inant 'ultur" is atriar'hal an# th" killings *y Jat kha s of th"ir o$n girls is h"inous) !h" 'all for +*ahu *"ti i%%at, is firstly a atriar'hal 'all for 'o& lian'" *y $o&"n of u "r 'ast"s to atriar'hal nor&s) C) !h" Musli&s ar" "ith"r lan#l"ss agri'ultural la*our"rs *ut a larg" nu&*"r of th"& li(" in to$ns an# ar" artisans, or ar" "& loy"# in jo*s in oth"r arts of th" 'ountry) 5("n $h"r" th"y li(" in (illag"s, &"&*"rs of th" fa&ily $ork outsi#" an# th"ir in'o&"s 'o&" *a'k ho&", h"l ing th" fa&ili"s to ros "r) In this *"lt its"lf, in s"("ral (illag"s Musli&s $"r" *uying lan#s fro& Jats) >) !h" fri'tion *"t$""n Jats an# Musli&s $as *"ing *uilt u o("r &onths) !h" Sohra& in'i#"nt of Ath 2ugust an# oth"r su'h in'i#"nts ar" "@a& l"s) 2 Jat &aga%in" ? Rashtriya Jat Franti Patrika, has *""n u*lish"# on Bahu B"it I%%at 'a& aign) !h" &aga%in" also tri"s to 'r"at" a unit"# front of all 4in#us an# 'o?o ts Sikhs into th" Hallian'"= in its S" t"&*"r, ./01 issu") !h" &aga%in" is u*lish"# *y for&"r journalists fro& Jansath) !h" u*lish"r S Fatran 'lai&s th" &aga%in" is u*lish"# *y taking Hin uts= fro& "o l", an# that it is fun#"# *y th" Saras$at Sangathan)
!+ > 6 a g e

E) !h" ar"a has *""n s""n int"ns" tours *y BJP l"a#"rs in th" ast f"$ &onths) !his 'o&&unal (iol"n'" h"r" &ust *" s""n in th" *a'kgroun# of su'h in'i#"nts in th" r"st of UP sin'" th" last ass"&*ly "l"'tions an# arti'ularly sin'" th" a oint&"nt of 2&it Shah as BJP in'harg" of UP) !h"r" ha(" *""n a nu&*"r of att"& ts *y 4in#ut(a for'"s o("r th" ast f"$ &onths to rak" u 'o&&unal at&os h"r" in th" stat" *"ginning fro& r"n"$"# talk of Ra& Man#ir an# a*ort"# +7haurasi Fosi Parikra&a, at 2yo#hya) Mor" i& ortantly, th"r" ha(" *""n 'los" to a hun#r"# r" ort"# 'o&&unal #istur*an'"s in th" stat" o("r th" ast on" y"ar that ha(" r" "at"#ly "@ os"# th" 2khil"sh Qa#a( l"# SP :o(t) 9) !h" 'lash"s r"fl"'t total *r"ak#o$n of th" go("rnan'") !h"r" is thorough 'o&&unali%ation of th" stat" &a'hin"ry) !h" oli'" an# a#&inistration #i# littl" to r"("nt th" (iol"n'") A) Mul"ya& Singh=s SP has &a#" out an affi#a(it for gh"ttoi%ation of Musli&s in r"turn for fi(" lakh 'o& "nsation) !h" SP go("rn&"nt) has (irtually rout"# all r"li"f through Musli& organi%ations) !h"s" organi%ations ar" also r" aring to *uil# s" arat" r"si#"ntial ar"as aroun# Musli& lo'aliti"s to r"s"ttl" th" Musli&s #is la'"# *y th" (iol"n'") 8) In in'i#"nts of killings in Jat #o&inat"# (illag"s &ost of thos" a''us"# of killing ha(" not *""n arr"st"#) 0/) !h" fa't of th" &att"r is that $hil" "lo "&"nts an# &arriag"s of Jat girls an# Musli& *oys ha(" o''urr"#, in r"ality th"y ("ry f"$ in nu&*"r) !h"ir nu&*"rs ha(" *""n (astly "@agg"rat"# in or#"r to #ri(" a $"#g" *"t$""n th"s" t$o 'o&&uniti"s) !h" sustain"# 'a& aign of 'o&&unali%ing #"&ogra hy has also ai# #i(i#"n#s) !his g"n"ral s"ns" of outrag" in th" f"u#al fa&ili"s an# th"ir n""# to r"in in th"ir o$n $o&"n has *""n "@ loit"# *y th" 4in#ut(a for'"s) Int"r"stingly th" sa&" logi' is *"ing us"# *y Musli& organi%ations to "@ lain $hy it is right to u root th" Musli&s fro& th" (illag"s of th"ir for"fath"rs an# r"lo'at" th"& in Musli& &ajority ar"as) 00) Mu'h is *"ing &a#" *y th" 2#&inistration of Musli&s r"fusing to r"turn to th"ir (illag"s) In r"ality, Musli&s fro& (illag"s $hos" ra#hans ar" 'o&ing to tak" th"& *a'k, ar" going *a'k) Dor th" oth"rs th" go("rn&"nt has not 'o&" for$ar# to 'at"gori'ally announ'" an# tak" &"asur"s for rot"'tion of thos" $illing to go *a'k to th"ir (illag"s) !h" go("rn&"nt=s affi#a(it its"lf s "aks of its int"ntions) !h" 2#&inistration is trying to 'onfus" th" r"ality $hi'h is that SP :o(t) 'onni("s in r"s"ttling Musli& in Musli& &ajority ar"as $ithin th" sa&" "l"'toral 'onstitu"n'i"s) D"s it" all th" r"(ari'ation of th" 2#&inistration th" fa't is
!/ > 6 a g e

that th" SP go("rn&"nt has not $ith#ra$n th" affi#a(it $hi'h sti ulat"s that anyon" taking 'o& "nsation $ill not r"turn to th"ir (illag"s) 0.) 7hang"s in #"&ogra hy ha(" alr"a#y tak"n la'" in so&" of th" rural ar"as) S"("ral (illag"s ha(" *""n r"n#"r"# #"(oi# of Musli&s) 01) !h" 2#&inistration talks of gi(ing rot"'tion *y R2D an# P27) P27 has histori'ally *""n (i"$"# as a 'o&&unal for'" an# it #o"s not ha(" any ro&ising r"'or# of rot"'ting Musli&s #uring 'o&&unal flar"?u s)

$he demands from the government


!h" follo$ing #"&an#s a'Iuir" to 'ir'u&stan'"s6 &ost riority in our o inion un#"r th" r"(ailing

0) 2ll th" a''us"# na&"# in th" DIRs shoul# *" arr"st"#) .) D"'o&&unali%" th" stat" a aratus) 1) R"stor" all (illag"rs *a'k to th"ir ho&"s) C) S'ra th" affi#a(it $hi'h $as tak"n against fi(" lakh 'o& "nsation a&ount)

!1 > 6 a g e