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EXCEL REVIEW CENTER Intensive Final Coaching (IFC) IFC Q & A 18 - Electronics

Cebu: JRT Bldg., Imus Avenue, Cebu City Tel. 2685989 90 | 091732392 Manila: 3
rd
& 4
th
Fl. CMFFI Bldg. R. Papa St. Sampaloc Tel. 7365291

A piece of graphite has a cross-sectional
area of 10 mm
2
with a resistivity of 10 x
10
-8
ohm-m resistance of 0.1 ohm. What
is its length?
Solution:
( )
( )
( )
2
2
2
8
L RA
R ;L
A
1 m
0.1 10 mm x
1000mm
L
10x10
L 10 m Ans.

= =

(
(
(

=
=

What is the resonant frequency of a
circuit when L is 5 microhenrys and C is
9 picofarads are in series?
Solution
( )( )
( )
r
r
6 12
r
1
f
2 LC
1
f
2 5x10 9x10
f 23.72 MHz Ans.

=
t
=
t
=

What is the resonant frequency of a
circuit when L is 50 microhenrys and C
is 40 picofarads are in parallel?
Solution:
( )( )
( )
r
r
6 12
r
1
f
2 Lc
1
f
2 50x10 40x10
f 3.56 MHz Ans.

=
t
=
t
=

Find the Q of a circuit when the resonant
frequency is 14.128 MHz, the inductance
is 4.7 microhenrys and the resistance is
18,000 ohms in parallel.
Solution:
( )
( )( )
P
L
6
L
L
R 18,000
Q
X 417.22
Q 43.14 Ans.
where:
X 2 14.128MHz 4.7x10
X 417.22

= =
=
= t
= O

Find the charge in coulombs of
dielectric that has a positive charge of
14.5 x 10 to the 18
th
power protons.

Solution:

( )
18
18
14.5x10 protons
Q
6.24x10 protons/ C
Q 2.32 C Ans.
=
=


How much current is necessary for a
coil of 200 turns to provide a 400
amperes turn magnetizing force?

Solution:

( )
mmf NI
mmf 400 A.t.
I 2 A Ans.
N 200 turns
=
= = =


Find the flux density in gauss having a
flux of 20,000 Mx through a
perpendicular area of 2 cm squared.
Solution:
( )
B
A
20,000
B
2
B 10,000 G Ans.
|
=
=
=

What is the inductance of a coil with a
0.8 inch diameter non-magnetic core
with a length of 1.25 inch and 320 turns
of wire?
Solution:

( )
( )( )
( ) ( )
( )( )
( )
( )
2 2
r o
2
4
7
2
2
4 2
N A N A
L
l l
320 3.24x10
L 1 4 x10 H/m
1.25in 0.0254
L 1.3 mH Ans.
where:
0.0254m
0.8in.
in. d
A
4 4
A 3.24x10 m

= =
(
= t

=
( | |
t
| (
t \ .
= =
=

Find the Q of a circuit when the resonant
frequency is 14.128 MHz, the inductance
is 4.7 microhenrys and the resistance is
18,000 ohms in parallel.
Solution:
( )
( )( )
P
L
6
L
L
R 18,000
Q
X 417.22
Q 43.14 Ans.
where:
X 2 14.128MHz 4.7x10
X 417.22

= =
=
= t
= O

Find the half-power bandwidth of a
parallel resonant circuit which has a
resonant frequency of 7.1 MHz and Q of
150.
Solution:
( )
r
f
BW
Q
7.1 MHz
BW
150
BW 47.33 kHz Ans.
=
=
=

A parallel plate capacitor has the
following values: k = 81, d = 0.025
inches; A = 6 square inches. What is the
capacitance of the capacitor?
Solution:

( )( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
o r
3
-12
4
r
o
12
o
2
2 3 2
2
-4
A A
C
d d
3.87x10
C 8.854x10 81
6.35x10
C 4370.8 pF Ans.
where:
k 81
absolute permitivitty
8.854x10 F/m
0.0254m
A 6 in x 3.87x10 m
1 in
0.0254m
d 0.025 in. x 6.35 x10 m
1 in.

=e =e e
=
=
e = =
e =
e =
= =
= =

Two series connected 7 H inductors are
adjacent to each other. Their coefficient
of coupling is 0.64. What is the value of
M?

Solution:

( )( )
( )
1 2
M k L L
M 0.64 7 7
M 4.48H Ans.
=
=
=

What is the RC time constant of a series
RC circuit that contains a 12 MO resistor
and a 12 F capacitor?
Solution:
( )( )
( )
6 6
RC
12x10 12x10
144 s Ans.

t =
t =
t =

What is the average voltage (Eave) output
of a full wave rectifier with an output of
100 volts peak?
Solution:
( )
( )
m
ave
ave m
ave
ave
2V
E
E 0.637V
E 0.637 100
E 63.7 V Ans.
=
t
=
=
=

Find the voltage regulation of power
supply with 400 V without load and 200
V with full load.
Solution:
( )
NL FL
FL
V V
Voltage regulation x 100%
V
400-200
x 100%
200
100 % Ans.

=
=
=




EXCEL REVIEW CENTER Intensive Final Coaching (IFC) IFC Q & A 18 - Electronics
Cebu: JRT Bldg., Imus Avenue, Cebu City Tel. 2685989 90 | 091732392 Manila: 3
rd
& 4
th
Fl. CMFFI Bldg. R. Papa St. Sampaloc Tel. 7365291
What is the time constant of a 500 mH
coil and a 3,300 ohm resistor in series?
Solution:
( )
L 500mH
R 3,300
0.00015 s Ans.
t = =
O
t =

How long can a battery last with
capacity of 50 ampere-hour running an
equipment of 5 amperes?
Solution:
( )
Ampere-hour rating
Battery life
Amperes drawn
50 Ah

5A
10 hours Ans.
=
=
=

How much is the secondary voltage of a
power transformer whose parameters
are as follows, primary voltage is 240
volts, 140 turns in the primary and 7
turns in the secondary.
Solution:
( )
( )
( )
( )
P P
S S
S
S P
P
S
V N
V N
7 N
V V 240V
N 140
V 12V Ans.
=
= =
=

The gain of a differential amplifier is 10,
and all inputs are sine waves with a peak
to peak amplitude of 10 millivolts. If the
single input, differential output,
differential amplifier has an output
signal taken between the two output
terminals. What will be the peak to peak
amplitude of the combined output?
Solution:
( )
( )( )
( )
Output voltage
differential input voltage x gain
10 mV 10 mV x 10
20 mV 10
200 mV Ans.
=
( =

=
=

If two inductors with 100 H each, are
connected in series, and the coefficient
of coupling is 0.40. What is the net
inductance if coil fields reinforce each
other?
Solution:
Inductances in sereis with aiding fields
( )
( )
( )( )
Ta 1 2
Ta
Ta
1 2
L L L 2M
L 100 100 2 40
L 280 H Ans.
where:
M k L L
M 0.4 100 H 100 H
M 40 H
= + +
= + +
=
=
=
=

Determine the CMRR is decibels of a
certain operational amplifier that has an
open-loop voltage gain of 100,000 and a
common-mode gain 0.2.
Solution:
( )
( ) ( )
d
c
A
CMRR
A
100,000
CMRR 500,000
0.2
CMRR dB 20logCMRR
CMRR dB 20log500,000 114 dB Ans.
=
= =
=
= =

An RL components with values R = 20
ohms and L = 5 mH are connected in
parallel across a 25-V 500 Hz power
source. Compute for the total current in
the circuit?
Solution:
( ) ( ) ( )
( )( )
2 2
T R L
2 2
T
R
L
L
L
L
I I I
I 1.25 1.59 2.02A Ans.
where:
25
I 1.25A
20
25 25
I 1.59A
X 15.71
X 2 fL 2 500 5mH
X 15.71
= +
= + =
= =
= = =
= t = t
= O

Find the power dissipated by the circuit
if a 100 ohms resistor, 0.5 Henry
inductor and 47 microfarad are
connected in series with a 110-volt, 50
Hz power source.
Solution:

( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( )( )
( )( )
2
2
2
2
L C
2
2
L
C
P I R
P 0.82 100
P 67.28W Ans.
where:
V 110V
I 0.82A
Z 134.10
Z R X X
Z 100 157.08 67.72
Z 134.10
X 2 fL 2 50 0.5 157.08
1 1
X 67.72
2 fC 2 50 47 F
=
=
=
= = =
O
= +
= +
= O
= t = t = O
= = = O
t t

The data sheet of a certain unijunction
transistor (UJT) gives n = 0.6. Determine
the peak-point emitter voltage Vp if VBB =
20V.
Solution:

( )( )
( )
p BB D
p
p
V V V
V 0.6 20V 0.7
V 12.7V Ans.
= q +
= +
=


When a capacitor is charged to a
potential difference of 220V with a value
of 100 picofarad, what is the energy
stored in it?
Solution:
( )( )
2
C
2
6
C
1
W CV
2
1
W 100pF 220 2.42x10 J
2

=
= =

What should the current in a 20 mH coil
be so that it will contain 1 J of energy?
Solution:
( )
( )
2
L
L
1
W LI
2
2 1 2W
I 10 A Ans.
L 20mH
=
= = =

A full-wave bridge rectifier has an AC
input voltage of 15 Vrms. Compute for the
DC output voltage.
Solution:
( )
( ) ( )
DC in rms
DC
V 0.9V
V 0.9 15V 13.5V Ans.
=
= =

What is the magnetomotive force if a
wire coil has 100 turns and carries 1.3
amperes current?
Solution:

( )( )
( )
mmf 0.4 NI Gb
mmf 0.4 100 1.3
mmf 163 Gb Ans.
= t
= t
=

At what speed a 6 pole alternator should
be driven to generate a frequency 60
cycles/s?
Solution:
( ) ( )
( )
P x rpm
f
120
f 120 60 120
rpm 1200 Ans.
P 6
=
= = =

If the gain of an amplifier without
feedback is 10 and with negative
feedback is 8, then what is the feedback
fraction?
Solution:
( )
f
f
A
A
1 A
1 1
0.025 Ans.
A A
=
+|
| = =