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PROJECTS REPORT ECOTECT ANALYSIS

CITY : NEW DELHI

LATITUDE:

LONGITUDE: 77° 2‘ E.

ALTITUDE:

TIME ZONE: +5.5 Hours

28° 6‘ N

216 M

77° 2‘ E. ALTITUDE: TIME ZONE: +5.5 Hours 28° 6‘ N 216 M SAI SREEMAYEE SOOD

SAI SREEMAYEE SOOD ROLL NO. 17 FIFTH YEAR STUDIO

CLIMATE OF THE SITE Below shown is a summary of the site climate showing the

CLIMATE OF THE SITE

Below shown is a summary of the site climate showing the radiation, temperature, wind and the degree of heating, cooling and solar.

OVERHEATED PERIOD IS FROM APRIL TO JUNE AND UNDERHEATED IS FROM DECEMBER TO FEBURARY ORIENTATION IS BASED ON THE AVERAGE DAILY INCIDENT ON A VERTICAL SURFACE

IS BASED ON THE AVERAGE DAILY INCIDENT ON A VERTICAL SURFACE BEST ORIENTATION MAX HEAT GAIN

BEST ORIENTATION

MAX HEAT GAIN IS 10 DEGREE DUE EAST THE BUILDING NEEDS TO BE ROTATED 10 DEG IN North-East DIRECTON.

21 s t June 21 s t September 21 s t December The sun path

21 st June

21 st September

21 st December

The sun path diagrams have been analyzed for the time 12:00pm at 21 st June, 21 st September and 21 st December respectively.

SUN PATH DIAGRAMS

and 21 s t December respectively. SUN PATH DIAGRAMS The sun path diagrams have been analyzed

The sun path diagrams have been analyzed for the time 4:00pm at 21 st June, 21 st September and 21 st December respectively.

Incident solar radiation is maximum in june and july.

Incident solar radiation is minimum in jan and dec.

WIND ANALYSIS THE WINDS MOSTLY BLOW FROM THE WEST AND NORTH WEST DIRECTIONS ONLY IN

WIND ANALYSIS

THE WINDS MOSTLY BLOW FROM THE WEST AND NORTH WEST DIRECTIONS ONLY IN MONSOON IT BLOWS FROM EAST OR SOUTH DIRECTIONS.

The strongest winds blow from North West. Winds coming from West are the hottest while

The strongest winds blow from North West. Winds coming from West are the hottest while those coming from North-East are the coldest. Winds blowing from South West are humid while those coming from North East are dry.

AVERAGE FREQUENCY THROUGHOUT THE YEAR Rainfalls are prevalent in the months of july, august and

AVERAGE FREQUENCY THROUGHOUT THE YEAR

Rainfalls are prevalent in the months of july, august and september.

AVERAGE HUMIDITY THROUGHOUT THE YEAR Humid winds blow primarily in the months of July and

AVERAGE HUMIDITY THROUGHOUT THE YEAR

Humid winds blow primarily in the months of July and August from South West as well as North East.

AVERAGE TEMPERATURE THROUGHOUT THE YEAR Winds are the hottest in the months of June and

AVERAGE TEMPERATURE THROUGHOUT THE YEAR

Winds are the hottest in the months of June and July, majorly in the Northern part. The coldest winds blow in December and January.

PSYCHROMETRIC DATA

COMFORT

PERCENTAGES

NAME

:DELHI

LOCATION

:INDIA

POSITION

:28.6 DEG, 77.2 DEG

SELECTED DESIGN TECHNIQUES PASSIVE SOLAR HEATING

THERMAL MASS EFFECTS

NATURAL VENTILATION

EXPANDED COMFORT ZONES DUE TO PASSIVE STRATERGY.

PSYCHROMETRIC CHART

THE COMFORT BAND EXPANDS HORIZONTALLY WHEN THERE IS THERMAL MASS EFFECT AND NIGHT PURGE VENTILATION WHERAS IT EAPANDS VERTICALLY UP WHEN NATURAL VENTILATION STRATEGY IS USED INDICATING THE STRATEGIES BEING GOOD FOR THE BUILDING

HOURLY DATA

THE THIN BLUE LINE RUNNING THROUGH THE MIDDLE OF THE RED GRADIENT IS THE AVERAGE TEMPERATURE. MAX ACHIEVED IN MAY AND LOWEST ACHIEVED IN DEC. THE RED GRADIENT SHOWS A RANGE OF THE EXTREMES. THE GREEN BAND IS THE COMFORT ZONE. IT IS BEING ACHIEVED IN THE MONTHS OF MAR, APRIL, JUN, JULY, AUG, SEPT AND OCT.

WEEKLY DATA

WEEKLY DATA

SHADOW RANGE ON SITE 22 N D DECEMBER 9:00 – 16:00

SHADOW RANGE ON SITE 22 ND DECEMBER 9:00 16:00

SHADOW RANGE ON SITE 22 N D DECEMBER 9:00 – 16:00
SHADOW RANGE ON SITE 22 N D DECEMBER 9:00 – 16:00
SHADOW RANGE ON SITE 21 S T JUNE 8:00 – 18:00

SHADOW RANGE ON SITE 21 ST JUNE 8:00 18:00

SHADOW RANGE ON SITE 21 S T JUNE 8:00 – 18:00
SHADOW RANGE OF BLOCK AND PIT 21 S T JUNE 8:00 – 18:00 SHADOW RANGE

SHADOW RANGE OF BLOCK AND PIT 21 ST JUNE 8:00 18:00

SHADOW RANGE OF SITE AND PIT 22 ND DECEMBER 9:00 16:00

INCIDENT SOLAR RADIATION

INCIDENT SOLAR RADIATION

DAYLIGHT ANALYSIS

DAYLIGHT ANALYSIS

SPATIAL COMFORT ANALYSIS

SPATIAL COMFORT ANALYSIS

PASSIVE DESIGN STRATEGIES

New Delhi lies in the humid subtropical climate and hence becomes a difficult zone to design strategies for. This zone experiences two or three different seasons each of which is uncomfortable. We need to provide for all of them. So, we identify the most uncomfortable season to evolve out the design strategies. As, in case of Delhi, summers remain for a prolonged period, the design strategies will be evolved out of it.

SHADING

The building envelope - The building should be oriented east-west with its longer axis as it will receive the maximum solar radiation in the winter and minimum in summer.

High ceilings Let the hot air rise above so that the room feels cooler to the occupants.

Cover openings on west and east ends. Use few windows and doors. For openings use vertical sunscreens, climbing vines, or shrubs to reduce heat gain on western walls.

Use white or light colors that stay cooler on sunny walls, roof, and pavement.

to reduce heat gain on western walls. • Use white or light colors that stay cooler

VENTILATION

The reduction of heat gains by radiation and the utilization of air movements to remove heat gain from the building elements and to assist the human organism (finding temperature balance by evaporative cooling).

Shading of all openings and outdoor spaces next to the building is desirable. Orientation of buildings and openings to allow good cross-ventilation of rooms and ventilated roof spaces by natural prevailing air movements.

Openings in the most directly facades should be avoided (especially sleeping room windows in west facades) or very carefully shaded.

Pull breezes in with wing-walls, and shutters or casement windows that open outward. Although jalousie windows allow ventilation by keeping rain out while they are open, casements under an overhang can be helpful to catch breezes. A sturdy adjustable shutter that pivots vertically in the center of the window sill may be able to secure a building and catch breezes too. Screen porches or verandahs to allow openings to unscreened windows in

the center of the building.

catch breezes too. Screen porches or verandahs to allow openings to unscreened windows in • the
catch breezes too. Screen porches or verandahs to allow openings to unscreened windows in • the

PLANTINGS

Tall trees can shade roofs and reduce temperatures. Trees, shrubs and vines that shade the

ground or buildings in the afternoon reduce the local temperature. Plants cool by evaporating moisture as well as by shading, like natural air conditioners. Use trees like palms that are open underneath on the breezy side.

Don't make sun traps of heavy walls around sunny paved areas. Locate plantings between walls and other paved areas when possible.

Use green walls for breezy west walls. Vines block breezes and will grow over openings. A

green wall of low-growing plants can lower the wall temperature. Plants can be planted

into concrete vent blocks filled with soil after construction. The wall itself should be waterproof, because the wall may need some irrigation.

Funnel breezes with building walls or plants: Breezes are slowed by friction. If buildings must be close together, use them to aim and speed up the breeze.

be close together, use them to aim and speed up the breeze. INSULATION • Keep attic

INSULATION

Keep attic heat out by using a vented roof and an insulated ceiling. If air can flow up inside the roof and out vents above, the roof stays cooler. Reflective foil draped across the rafters help, or insulation made of materials that don't soak up humidity.

Keep coolness out of the walls: Use insulation at the base of masonry walls to stop them being cooled by the soil below, which causes condensation.

Use light-weight or well-insulated materials so the building won't feel hot.